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WHA T DO YOU THINK?
By GRETCHEN G. BILLINGS The Republican press has been busy the past few weeks publicizing what seems to be a major rift in the Demo cratiC ranks on several major issues, the most important of which is oil. Mostly Republican editors are feel ing sorry for Jack Toole, State Demo, cratic Chairman, who, they anticipate, may have to battle for his position over the question of "conservativism" . liberalism." Last week in an editorial in his CUT BANK PIONEER PRESS the well-known Republican dissenter Dan Whetstone opened up the sore in the Democratic body politic and applied a portion of salt. Mr. Whetstone raised an interest ing question which he pursued one step and then stopped. He said, ". . . it enchants me to speculate as to where these moder ates will finally find a political home after their banishment." He doesn't conceive they will find retreat in the Republican party, how ever he is fatalistic about their need for "Restful Harbor." I don't think Mr. Whetstone is . ■ vs very worried about what happens to the conservative Democrat who lapses into silence between elections like the sap in a tree and then runs out at election time and gets things all sticky. The Republicans have the same kind of characters in their ranks. The people who find themselves in a dilemma are the Liberals if the Democrats go conservative. What would the Liberal and Independent voter have to choose from if, for in stance, both tickets were to have an "oil interest" candidate for Gov ernor? Where does the Liberal and Inde pendent go then? Where is their Restful Harbor '? If the Democrats don't go Liberal then there isn't much use in voting for them, because it becomes a mat ter, merely, of patronage and power for the man who is in and has no rela tion whatsoever to a philosophy of . • EDUCATIONAL CONFERENCE FOR FEDERAL AID ti ff By J. M. PETERSON, Poison The National Educational Confer ence called by President Eisenhower went on record as strongly in favor of more federal responsibility for the financing of the nation's schools. Ac cording to the news reports, the reso lution met with little opposition and much less of the old fear that the so called federal aid would mean Wash ington Control of our local schools. This resolution, passed by the near ly two thousand delegates, should not surprise anyone. It was a natural out growth of the growing conviction that America is one big family and not a multitude of semi-autonomous com peting communities. And, as America accepts the one family idea, education becomes a national problem which calls upon the nation to take action. Much of the old opposition which was so strong even ten or twenty years ago, may have been due, in part, to the unfortunate use of the term federal aid," as meaning outside help for the less fortunate or less capable or industrious. The term was and is now an unfortunate misnomer. The delegates thus merely ac knowledged, in a public way, that the responsibility for education and equal opportunities for education is with *. the federal government. As a conse quence, the whole nation must be used as the taxing unit. The arguments for the nation as the taxing unit are the same as those used in Montana a few years ago when the people asked the legislature to make the state assume responsibil ity for a larger share of the school costs. IN RIGHT DIRECTION At that time some counties and some districts could get along very well with low levies for schools. Other counties and districts were unable to provide standard educational facili ties with even intolerably high taxes. Some districts had to tax themselves three or four tmes as heavy as others to provide equal facilities. The old inequities have not been wholly erased. But when from forty to fifty per cent of the cost of education is provided or raised on the state level, we are going in the right direction. government ... as near as I can see it makes a Democratic party un necessary. People say to me "A bad Democrat is better than a good Republican," and I suppose Republicans repeat the same phrase in reverse, And that is where Liberals are put in a bind. Democrats figure the philosophy of the Republican party is too archiae forliberals-to stomach. j (Dan Whetstone figures its too chiac even for "moderate" Demo crats) that they haven't any place to go, and they will vote Democratic no matter who the candidate is. So as long as the Liberals tag along, conservative Democrats will be able to hold power in the party, Elections are not won by the votes of the party liners, and if we adhere to the two party system we must have two different parties, and not just two power groups crowding mid stream, ar Third parties in America have nev er been successful as such, but they have done wonders in making the two party system work. Either the Liber als will have to abandon reactionary Democrats, voting for reaction where it is supposed to be, or they will have to work on a third party basis if there is to be any hope of keeping the two party system alive, I guess, really, there is no "Restful Harbor" for the restless liberals. The list of "moderate" Democrats Mr. Whetstone printed as looking for "Restful Harbor" was premature, an other look through the binoculars, Mr. W., and you will find, I believe, they are already anchored in "Restful Harbor"—see over there under the cliff away from the ravages of wind and weather? There wouldn't be room there for the Liberals, we have too large an entrouage in tow—there's the people who don't have enough to eat, enough to wear—a decent place to live—and besides, man alive, that harbor is filled with yachts and I just looked The same inequities we had in Mon tana prevail as between states; New York state, for instance, has a per capita income of better than $2,000; California and Nevada also have per capita incomes of over $2,000; Missis sippi's per capita income is a little over $800, that of Arkansas about $950. Obviously, educational opportuni ties in these states are not equal. A two hundred dollar per child expendi ture in New York takes less than ten per cent of the per capita income. The same expenditure in Montana, which has a per capita income of around $1,700, takes 12%; in Mis sissippi it takes 25% of the per capita income. This does not harmonize with the ideal to which America is com mitted—democracy and equality of opportunity. If the people in the cities and states having twice the income of others could be said to possess greater wis dom, greater ability to produce and more ambition, there might be an ar gument—via the old individualistic philosophy. SELF-SUFFICIENCY OF ANOTHER DAY IS GONE But these are not the reasons for their higher incomes. America has lost not only the sense of community but the self sufficiency of the olden times. Communities are now only so in name. The whole value of the in dividual's production no longer re mains at home, often not even in the county or state. Generally a larger part of tke ulti mate value of his production goes to the stockholders of companies which are domiciled in the the richer states and cities. They are the processors, the transportation companies or others that operate on a national scale. The foreign companies like those in the insurance business, to give but one example, get consider able of their earnings from Montana, but the earnings are not necessarily divided among its citizens. They go to the stockholders who are likely to reside in New York. So wealth is now produced on a national scale. Since this is so, the taxes raised from this wealth w'here behind me and I'm riding a barge— no there's no room in "Restful Har bor" for my kind of Liberal. Humor was added to the political scene this week when a group of Montana citizens were flown by Navy plane to San Diego to see the Navy at work. Mary M. Condon, Superin tendent of Public Instruction, and Ken Byerly, editor of the Lewistown Daily News and poet laureate of Fer gus county found thmselves seated side by each for the ride down and back. Mary and Ken have, for the past umpsteen years been fighting like a cat and a dog. Ken has written poetry about Mary and her travels, among his forms of criticism of the State Superintendent. Harry absolutely refuses to print poetry in the paper, so if he prints this little piece of mine don't try to improve on it—it is lousey, I know— almost as bad as. what Ken writes— but I just couldn't resist: Mary and Ken rode to the sea Jn a beautiful flying boat. Said Mary to Ken, "How can it be We're side by side and this thing still floats? .. • • Said Ken to Mary, "It must be a joke, "When they surely know how we feel, "But I might as well hang up your cloak, We can't do much but go thru with the deal. . » • • Then Mary to Ken as they sat side by each, I can't walk away till we reach the beach. So forget you don't like me and pretend we are friends, "Till we get home and your pretending can end." . > U So Mary and Ken rode high in the air, For hours their truce was maintained up there, But its still a dilemma who would ever dare To put side by side such an unlikely pair. WILLIAMS URGES PLAMNED FEDERAL AID TO SCHOOLS BA LTIMORE— ( AFLNS ) —Michi gan Governor G. Mennen Williams called for a $16.6 billion federal aid for schools program over the next five years to be financed by foregoing re ductions in the federal corporation income tax and increasing it if neces sary. Williams said continuation of the present 52 per cent rate, and if neces sary an increase of one per cent up to an estimated 56 per cent at the end of five years, is reasonable "because it is only through such expansion of the education system . . . that busi ness and industry would be able to satisfy their needs for more and more and still more trained men and women. In an address to the Maryland State Teachers Association Williams pro posed the following program: 1— Spend $1 billion a year for the construction of elementary and sec ondary schools in addition to the $2 billion he said the states are now spending. 2— Spend $500 million a year for college and university construction. 3— Spend $320 million the first year and up to $1.9 billion in the fifth year for school operating funds. 4— -Spend $200 million a year for adult education. 5— Spend from $250 million to $450 million a year for the education of unusual and exceptional children. Union Employes Help Company Financially CINCINNATI, Ohio—Over 500 un ion employes of the Hamilton Tailor ing Company here are lending $100, 000 to their employer in a graphic demonstration of labor-management solidarity in the United States. The company was short of cash after some recent acquisitions. The company does a $7,000,000 a year business. ever it is should be distributed on a national scale. The World War probably as much as anything else taught us the reality of education as a national problem. Youth from all states were drafted to defend the country. In the lower in come states, with little opportunities for training in public schools, the per centage of rejections ran very high, Editorial . . Some New Ideas Also Needed . . GENUINE DEBATE ON FOREIGN POLICY LONG OVERDUE Important GOP circles are expressing consternation over the announced intention of some Democratic leaders to bring to the American people in the months ahead, a full discussion of American foreign policy. This Editor is convinced that such a cidedly in order. For all of the blustering and blundering by Dulles & Co. about stopping Communism dead in its tracks, - Communism has not been stopped. For all of the irresponsible assertions that the Democrats stand guilty of "20 years of trea by Dick Nixon, the Communists have not been deterred the least by the "buddy-buddy" approach espoused by Mr. Eisenhower at Geneva. In short, the Republicans have done no better job of "containing Communism" than did the Demo crats. great debate" is de n > • son m There must be a very basic reason why nekher the Democrats nor the Republicans have scored outstanding successes in the foreign policy field. Why is it? What is so wrong in our foreign policy that it sells slowly if at all to countless hundreds of mil lions of the world's peoples? In the fields of medicine, engineering and other sciences, when something is wrong the specialists do not indiscriminately butt their heads against the wall simply because such an ap proach is popular with the press, radio and sizeable blocks of public opinion. Rather, the scientists attempt to diagnose the ailment and then, oïïfce diagnosis has been made, seek to find a cure for the malady. A similar approach should be made in any "great debate" on our foreign policy. We already know that our offers of guns, planes and Ameri can control of their industries and natural resources have not proven the proper formula whereby we can "win friends and influence people" in Asia, Africa, South America, and yes, even much of Europe. Our "tanks instead of tractors" foreign policy has not, is not, and never will stop Communism or any other political philosophy which offers down-trodden people hope—hope for three square meals a day, hope that the infant death rate may be materially reduced, hope that eventually they may achieve something better than a starvation standard of living. In one decade, while the Communists have gained control of the destinies of upwards of a billion of the world's peoples, we haven't even been able to hold our own right here in the West ern Hemisphere. Gone is the "good neighbor" policy so pain stakingly developed under the guidance of Franklin D. Roose velt. Gone, too, is the respect and admiration that many of our Central and South American neighbors held for us during and prior to World War II. Can we blame our diplomatic failures entirely on the Com munists? Hardly. Surely, the Communists had nothing to do with our lining up by the side of France to throttle the demand for an end of colonialism in North Africa. (On this, we have the Administration's word for it—there just aren't any Com munists in the State Department since the GOP came to power.) When we unseated the left-wing government of Guatemala and replaced it with a corrupt, brutal dictatorship did we make any friends in Central or South America, except for the local functionaries of United Fruit, the rich landowners and the privileged few? When we forced NTAO approval of German rearmament, did we in any way enhance America's prestige among most Europeans who recall only too well the marching of German feet over their prostrate lands on three different occasions in loss than a century? A "great debate" on American foreign policy is definitely in order. We must debate more than the worn out determination of the Republicans to defend Chiang Kai-shek and the condem nation by the Democrats for cutting the armed forces. We need more, when it is all over than great amounts of heat and little light. American people are not satisfied when the only result is Tweedledum loudly castigating Tweedledum and vice vera. We need a debate over a forward-looking, dynamic foreign policy that will inspire the world to listen. Otherwise we will continue to find the Communists quietly taking into their fold another hundred million or so of the world's people, while we have been talking much and saying nothing. 'BAIT' ADS FROWNED ON WASHINGTON, D. C.—(CNS) — Bait" advertising has grown to such proportions that Federal Trade Com mission publicly warned consumers about it, December 3. Be on your guard, FTC cautioned. —if one store advertised a product at a much lower price than other .. stores; if the sales clerk is reluctant to show you the product advertised; —if you're told the advertised product isn't as good quality as you can get in a similar, more expensive product; —if the clerk tells you that the advertised product is only a floor sample and that you'll -wait two or three ■weeks to get one like it; or —if the "bargain" merchandise is sold out in a suspiciously short time, "but let me show you something else even better. ■ • Bait" advertising is a way to lure customers into the store, FTC says, and isn't honest merchandising. If FTC discovers a firm using "bait ads, it orders the firm to stop. If the firm violates the order, it is subject to a $5,000-a-day penalty. .. 9f THE PEOPLE'S VOICE Published weekly by The People's Voice Publishing Co., at 1205 Lockey Street, Helena, Montana. HARRY L. BILLINGS. Editor Entered ns Second Class Matter De cember 7, 103a, at the Post Office at Helena, Montana, under the Act of March 3. 1879. Subscription Price: $3,00 a Year No Coniincrelnl Advertising except from Oo-operntl ve llnsiness Institu tions accepted. Kates on application.