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VT' 'T £ » ■ ■« SI S? V * ¥ V m r $ s* v N & 9 * ■» , >■ É * Vifi js/: &J ■Hi », *fr W: m r*, I « it ■ xTC''.'. * % Vv v m $iÉll r >7. ■-j y v Su N. .-.v.v*.-. ... 'JSS&jjjm A v bfj i ■ 7 i / I M & I >r & à il / K* WM ; VA., URI Ççpyrisbt I95Ï-THE MACHINIST i ■ .1- CHILD VICTIMS The nation's school children—our children—were the vic tims of the political shenanigans in Congress which killed the bill for construction of more schools. A willful band of congressmen defiantly scuttled the meas ure. .They deliberately ignored the fact that every year an additional 1,500,000 children are pouring into already tragically overcrowded schools. Ninety-four congressmen! all Republicans of the variety who see red at any new federal program regardless of need, plotted and carried out a neat scheme. They threw their strength solidly behind the Powell amend ment denying federal aid to any state which does not comply with the U. S. Supreme Court decision on racial segregation of schools. The amendment passed. This put congressmen in the South on the spot. They felt forced to vote against final passage of the bill. The 94 Republi cans who helped fasten the Powell rider on the bill then swung around and voted with the Southern congressmen to defeat the measure. (Cong. Metcalf voted for passage of the bill, Cong. Fjare against.) During the debate and voting in the House, little pressure from the White House for passage of the bill was discernible. As a matter of fact, newsmen on Capitol Hill report that Ad ministration leaders in the House let it be known that no black marks would go down against Republican members who voted against the bill. The alibi was that the method of distribution of funds provided wasn't in accordance with the Administra tion's proposal. The action of the diehard elements in Congress flew in the face of irrefutable evidence of need. In state after state last year the tragic overcrowding of children in schools was revealed at conferences preceding the nation-wide White House Conference on Education. Delegates to the White House Conference on Education, not by any means agreeing on all phases of government aid to schools, went on record overwhelmingly in favor of federal aid to school construction, I.A.M. President A1 Hayes, who was a member of the Presi dent's Committee for the White House Conference on Educa tion, put the need in sharp perspective recently. Mr. Hayes, wfio believes federal aid should extend far wider than merely to construction of schools, declared : The thin line which the world walks between cold and hot war lends a sense of urgency to many domestic problems we face. Education is one of these." It is clear that election year politics killed the school bill. These maneuvers struck directly at the children, denying them an adequate school construction program for at least another year.—THE MACHINIST. . 4 Uncle Ezra's New Farm Remedy . . , The U. S. Department of Agriculture announced recently that it will offer for sale 9.8 million pounds of castor oil . . . Step right up folks! $200 A Month In '75 For Retired Persons WASHINGTON, D. C. (PAI) — It should be possible for every re tired person over 65 to have a month ly income of $200 by 1975. That is the opinion of a govern ment expert who feels that such a goal is possible if the nation's econ omy continues to expand. Clark Tibbitts, chairman of the committee on aging for the Depart ment of Health, Education and Wel fare, told a press conference that latest figures show that two-thirds of all Americans over 65 including those who have jobs had cash in comes of less than $84 a month in 1954. Tibbitts said that "with our con tinually rising productivity, working people are going to save more money prior to retirement and the economy is going to be able to spend more for services." He estimated that the $200 month ly by 1975 would come essentially "from deferred earnings, such as through old age and survivors insur ance, private pension plans and one's own savings. DEMAND THE UNION LABEL REPORT ON BLACKLISTING TOLEDO (Ohio) BLADE, July 6 In issuing a report long known to be in the making on the lasting effects of blacklisting of performing artists in the television, radio, and motion picture in dustries, the Fund for the Republic has invited fresh criticism from those who seem to resent any attempt to point out where and how there have been violations of the basic rights of Americans. Also, it performs a service in calling attention to the quiet, almost hidden, erosion of individual freedoms which has gone on in these industries. The report was prepared by John Cogley, former executive editor of Commonweal, one of the most re spected of American Catholic publications. So temper ate is its tone, so fair its assessment of responsibility for a distressing situation, that it has been hard for critics to find a really vulnerable spot to attack. It is the pi'ptection of the individual against unfair deprivation of the right to earn a living and against assumption, without a hearing, that allegations made are true which is at stake here. Mr. Cogley's report points out that, for several reasons, the boycott has been almost complete against any actor charged with membership in or sympathy toward organizations al leged to be Communist-front groups. What began as a commendable attempt to remove actual Communist influences from these industriies became and Con tinues to be justification for shotgun fusillades based on the skimpiest of allegations. The report cites efforts by the American Legion in connection with motion pictures, and the publication, WASHINGTON NOTEBOOK By "BRITT" ENGLUND, Secretary to Cong. Lee Metcalf NOTEBOOK — BRITT ENGLUND The Administration has picked off three more bills offered by Montana Democrats in Congress for the bene fit of farmers and the business com munities which serve them. It has done this by submitting un favorable reports on the bills. Com mittees don't have the time, this late in the session, to overcome adminis tration opposition. ONE First to go was Congressman Met calf's bill to authorize a one-year moratorium on loans obtained from the Farmers Home Administration. Farmers would have had 90 days from enactment to file for a one-year postponement of their next payment on emergency, soil and water conser vation, farm ownership, and produc tion and subsistence loans. The bill required that the money, if any, freed by the moratorium be applied to other debts or to replenish the operating re serve of the applicant. Secretary Benson submitted an ad verse departmental report on the bill to the House Agriculture Committee. Here are excerpts from that report : "Although the debts of farmers are up slightly over what they were in 1953, farmers as a whole owe amounts equal to only 11 per cent of their as sets. Only three out of every ten farmers have any mortgage debts at present and 80 per cent of the farms on which there are debts are mort gaged for less than 50 per Cent of their market value. Hence, a majority of the farmers should be able to work satisfactory credit and repayment out arrangements with their creditors." With reference to delinquencies, the collection policy of the Farmers Home Administration provides that demands for payments are regulated on a basis consistent with a borrow er's ability to pay. Also, plans are made to continue to carry the indebt edness of any borrower who is unable to pay because of circumstances be yond his control and to make an addi tional loan for the subsequent year's operating expense. We believe this meets the objective of HR 10956 with regard to establishing operating re serves because additional operating funds can be provided through a sub sequent loan without increasing the borrower's total indebtedness over what it would be if he operated with funds which would have otherwise . . been paid to the Farmers Home Ad ministration. ' ' TWO Benson then did—in a proposed raa Iowa Farmers Boost Income $50 Million Through Co-ops AMES, Iowa— (CNS) —Professor Frank Robotka of Iowa State College told Iowa farmers in a recent WOI broadcast that co-ops are the way to stabilize farm income. He said Iowa farmers are adding $25-$50 million a year to their income through co ops. This increases their parity ratio by 5-8%, he said. jor overhaul of the farm credit pro gram, sponsored in the Senate by Senators Murray and Mansfield and in the House by Congressman Metcalf. Among other things, the adverse departmental report: 1. Criticized as too low the three per cent interest rate provided for insured loans under the bill. This in terest rate, the xeport said, "would make the insured loan authorities practically inoperative in the Current money market. Our experience has been that at present a 3 per cent in terest rate is not sufficiently attrac tive to lenders to assure an adequate supply of funds for insured farm ownership and soil and water conser vation loans." 2. Said somebody else, not the Agriculture Department, should ad minister the loan program for farm related small busniesses which would have been set up by the bill. 3. Brushed off as "not germane" the comprehensive rural development program which the 3-Ms sought to set up. The third bill to go down the drain THREE w r as the one by Senators Murray and Mansfield to enable farmers to main So the two proposed that farmers be permitted to substitute one or more of the years from 1950 to 1955 for the subnormal incomes of 1956 and 1956 in their Social Security base. The Bureau of the Budget, fiscal i spokesman for President Eisenhower, j Gun their social security protection in this time of falling farm income, The two figured that more than -190,000 farmers, who have just quali fi®d for social security or will do so in the next two years, will be penal ized for the rest of their lives by the recent farm income drop or drought °r flood, which cut deeply into the I hase on which their social security payments will be figured. As they put it: "Net farm income is down from a near $17 billion peak to less than 11 billion. (So) the yard stick on which Social Security bene fits for the elder farmers will be measured next year has been short ened, on the average, from 36 to 23 inches. Congress certainly does not want to make the agricultural hard times of 1955 and 1956 condemn a half million elder farm families to lowered standards for the remainder of their lives. ' ' said such a program would be too hard to administer. "Many small farmers do not have available information on their annual income for the period prior to 1954", according to the departmental report, "so that it would be difficult to es tablish wage credits for them. Mine Safety Both Montana's congressmen are on a special mine safety subcommit tee, which will hold field hearings this fall in preparation for legislation next session. Chairman Barden (D-N. C.) of the | parent House Labor Committee ap- j pointed Congressman Metcalf to head ' ' "Red Channels", with respect to TV and radio. It gives them credit for trying to bo fair and moderate in their own lights. In each instance, however, Mr. Cogley finds that the industries themselves panicked. Company officials and the representatives of adver tising agencies insisted on firing performers right and left in the face of any allegations, contending they didn't dare run the risk of public criticism against hiring any controversial person. Such wholesale dismissals of actors, and continuing ployment boycotts against them, represent one of the worst abuses of the legitimate concern to prevent Communist infiltration and conrol of the entertain ment industries. The fact that the damage done in the heat of an earlier time has not been redressed, even the climate of public opinion and official atti tudes has so materially improved, emphasizes the in justice. Mr. Cogley's report concludes with this statement: "If the American businesses which together comprise the radio-TV industry are to assume the burdens of government, they must also assume the responsibility for dispensing justice. They cannot have it both ways." This does not seem to be at all what Sen. Karl Mundt has characterized as "still another effort ... by the Fund for the Republic to give aid and comfort to the Communists." It is rather a commendable attempt to strengthen the rights of individuals, on which the existence of free nations ultimately rests. In its candor and its temperance, this report per forms a distinct service to a freer and a stronger United States. em since the subcommittee. On the Metcalf subcommittee are Congressmen Lan drum Rhodes (R-Ariz.) and Fjare. Metcalf will announce the hearing schedule later. (D-Ga.), Elliott (D-Ala.), Grasshoppers The Agriculture Department is "keeping close watch on the grass hopper situation in Montana" and "will co-operate with the state and ranchers if the state requests assist ance." Secretary Benson so wrote Sena tors Murray and Mansfield and Con gressman Metcalf after the three re ported damaging infestations in the Centennial Valley of Beaverhead county and in Petroleum county. Here is the most recent Department policy statement on grasshopper con trol : "The Department will assist in the control of grasshoppers on state and private rangelands in Montana in emergency situations. On rangeland where the infestations threaten to build up and spread to other areas and local facilities are inadequate to handle the problem we will assume up to one-third of the cost of co-opera tive control. In such cases the con trol program is initiated and devel oped by the state and the ranchers who own or use the land. Upon re quest from the state the federal agen cy will help to organize the program after there has been joint agreement on the size and location of the areas to be treated. . "Control on croplands is generally accepted as the farmer's responsibility although our people are available to outline problem areas and to advise on the most suitable insecticides and method of application. "This type of election has been developed as a practical way of using feedral resources to meet serious grasshopper problems as they arise in the several western states. It is pre dicated on positive state and rancher interest in control and if successful we feel that it will afford protection against migration of hoppers to crop lands and small holdings of good grass. An effective job of suppressing hoppers on field margins and pastures can then be handled on an individual property basis withou t excessive cost, ," We are currently co-operating w ^ b Texas, Oklahoma, New Mexi co » Kansas, Colorado and Wyoming on this ^P 6 of Program. To date, however, we have received no request ^ or ass istance from the state of Mon ^ ana - The date of this letter was July 9. THE PEOPLE'S VOICE Published weekly by The People's Voice Publishing Co., at 1205 Lockey Street, Helena, Montana. HARRY L. BILLINGS, Editor Entered as Second Glass Matter De cember 7, 1939, at the Post Office at Helena, Montana, under the Act of March 3, 1879. Subscription Price: $3.06 a Year No Commercial Advertising except from Co-operative Business Institu tions accepted. Rates on application.