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Editorial . .
Hey, What Goes? For the past six weeks the wails and the groans emanating from some sources over an alleged shortage of highway funds have been so steeped in emotion they'd bring tears to the eyes of a cigar store Indian. Three members of the Highway Commission—Chairman Harry (Let Down By Hugo) Burns, Ray Sorrels and L, V. Swanson, and GOP State Chairman Rudy Juedeman, each in turn have gone to the wailing wall. Because those Senate Demo crats (they forget the six Republicans who lended an assist) voted against continuing the gasoline tax at seven cents after this coming January 15, the highway program, according to these Republicans, has been "sabotaged", the state will lose between $8,600,000 and $11,000,000 in highway funds, on and on, ad nauseum. Now comes forth another member of the Highway Commis sion with a few words on the subject for public edification. Stanley Halvorson, apparently less given to gastronomical up set, in so many words says "bush-wah" to all the space-consum ing nonsense rushed into print by his fellow commissioners and the always-on-the-alert State GOP chairman. . . Oison, speaking 111 iVIissouIa IVIonday, according to the AP, said : there's no need for a special session of the legislature "to protide additional funds for highway construction" . . . that the "crisis is about 18 months away and that there will be no danger of the state losing federal matching funds for JligJlW aj construction if the next regular (19 d 9) session of the legislature will provide the necessary revenue . . . • « He also said, contrary to inferences by GOP spokesmen, that "the Treasure State hasn't lost any federal money so far due to lack of matching funds", adding that two years is al lowed to catch up after the fiscal year for which the money is appropriated. That little matter being settled, isn't is about time that all these prophets of doom forgot about this business of shifting the blame from the Governor and the Republican legislative minority (aided by some tory Democrats) for the 1957 legisla tive failure to provide more funds? Isn't it about time the Republicans threw off the yoke of trucking lobby influence and faced squarely the really im portant question connected with highway financing—enact ment of an equitable tax on that industry instead of demanding that the people continue to pick up the check for the truckers' highway bill. All the political shadow-boxing notwithstanding, the people know that they're getting "rooped" on this highway financing proposition, and they are strongly suspicious the Re publicans have been a major factor over the years in perpetuat ing the "rooping". Voting Record Booklets Those of you who may wish to refresh your memories on how your legislators voted on important issues during the 1957 Legislative Assembly will be interested to learn that the PEOPLE'S VOICE voting record booklet will be available this coming week. The printing is completed, they're in the bindery, and by the time you read this they'll be ready for mailing. Individual roll calls cover such important issues as highway financing, school and oil legislation, taxation, labor legislation, democratic processes, etc. In addition, there's a composite "box score" f6r you to determine at a glance how well your interests were represented by each legislator. The supply of this first printing is limited, so we suggest you get your orders in immediately. Individual copies are 25c. In order to assure the widest possible distribution of this first edition, we must limit to 20 the number of booklets available for each individual order. We Must "Seek To Educate the Whole Man" From Wisconsin CIO NEWS In the public outcry about our educational shortcomings, we hope that the school planners will not neglect the classics and the humanities. We all for more emphasis on science. America must catch up to Russia in pro ducing more engineers and scientists. But we must not fail to educate the whole man. We want engineers who can think out political questions as well as wrestle with logarithims. This is the basic difference between a free educa tional system and a totalitarian system of schooling. The Russians ing out more brainy people, but their brains are afraid to question the states high command. We don't want that to happen in our country. We desperately need a national scholarship program so that our talented young people have every opportunity to train their minds. But let make the mistake of turning out mechanical robots who can fill a test tube properly, but are ignorant of the historic impulses of man's quest for free dom and dignity on this earth. We need science—a lot more than we have been getting. But we need the humanities, too. We must always seek to edu cate the whole man. Otherwise we are only extending our muscle power. Let us also extend the thoughtful processes of people. To do this we need education in art, music, literature, history, political science. are are turn us never Quotable Quote Make no little plans; they have no magic to stir men's blood and probably themselves will not be realized. Make big plans; aim high in hope and work, remembering that a noble, logical diagram once recorded will never die, but long after we are gone will be a living thing, asserting itself with grow ing intensity. Remember that our sons and grandsons are going to do things that would stagger us. Let your watchword be "beauty".—DANIEL HUDSON BURNHAM (1846-1912). . * order" and your beacon THE PEOPLE'S VOICE Published Weekly by The People's Voice Publishing' Co., at 1205 Lockey Street, Helena, Montana. HARRY L. BILLINGS, Editor Entered as Second Class Matter De cember 7, 1939, at the Post Office at Helena, Montana, under the Act of March 3, 1879. Subscription Price: $3.00 a Year No commercial Advertising- except from Co-operative Business institu tions accepted. Rates on application. Two Catches In 'Factory Farm System' WASHINGTON, D. C.— (NFU) — Is farming moving irresistibly toward a factory system of production? Yes, says Earl F. Crouse vice president of Doanc Agricultural Service, a farm management outfit located at St. Louis, Mo. _ In a recent speech before the North S ou °'" 3a aî™, ventTyears from"S you won't know American agriculture . . . I see no reason why the practice (vertical integration) couldn't some day be extended to all commodities." Crouse confessed there was a catch, though. "When a farmer contracts to he said, "he becomes >> grow crops, 'part of the team' and is no longer a free agent. yy There's another catch, too, in the so-called factory system, this business of "rolling up" rural America. M. W. Thatcher, general manager of the Farmers Union Grain Terminal Asso ciation, pointed it out in St. Paul, Minn., a week after the Crouse speech: "You can't run big farms without a lot of hired labor," Thatcher said, "and the kind of labor these big farms will have will be organized. The consumers of this country who complain now about paying a dol lar for a package of meat will pay Spain Changes Her Tune . . Is Our 'Buddy', Franco, Going Sour? For years now we've been propagandized to the hilt on the necessity of America accepting the brutal Spanish dictatorship of Francisco Franco as a "democratic" regime, firmly pledged to uphold the banner of the "free world" against the onslaughts of empire-minded Soviet Rus sia. It's been the next thing to treason to speak of Franco in terms falling short of admiration and idoltry. Now, it's 1957, we're a few billion dollars poorer as a result of maintaining Franco, and what do we discover? We're learning, what Hitler learned to his sorrow—when the chips were down Franco was the little man who wasn't there. The following article from THE MANCHESTER GUARDIAN of recent date may hasten home to Americans that they, too, have been buncoed by the master "con" man of the Twen tieth Century. Read it, and just imagine if you dare, how far the billions invested in Franco would go to shore up our sagging economy "dough" might have prevented the enormous psychological shellacking we took a couple of months ago when the Soviets beat us to outer space with Sputnik I. ■if you're missile-minded, just think how that ■or MADRID—General Franco's regime is calling off its cold war with Russia. There had been a tendency in this direction for some time, but since the launching of the Soviet satellites the trend has become more pronounced. At the same time American prestige here is sagging badly. Criticism of the United States, the sharpest since the pre-alliance days, followed the satellites. It was begun by General Franco and taken up by the government-controlled press. The impact on Spanish official thinking of the Soviet satellites may be gauged by the fact that on October 7, three days after the first launching, General Franco took the unprecedented step of drawing a parallel between the Soviet system and his own to demonstrate that it is authoritarian regimes based on "discipline and order" that succeed. This was followed by what diplomatists here regard as a deliberate slap at the United States. In the same speech Franco said; "It is said, and I believe this to be true, that when Truman informed his allies at Potsdam of (America's) possession of the atomic bomb which was to be dropped on Japan, Stalin struck the table with his fist and said : 'If you had it why did you let Russia bleed herself with offensives? I demand that you reveal to me all your technical achieve ments in this field.' So, with that ingenuousness and innocence for which history will doubtless hold them accountable, the Americans revealed to the Russians the secrets of atomic energy and the results of research done in the United States. On the same day the newspaper "Hoja del Lunes ' • yy WHA T DO YOU THINK? By GRETCHEN G, BILLINGS About 200 Montanans got a glimpse of a southern politician in action in Missoula on the 14th of December when Senator Gore of Tennessee turned on the charm, characteristical ly attributed to a southern gentleman, while rushing witnesses through a hearing they had expected to have at least all day to conclude. Five witnesses had appeared when the senator announced he had 20 or 30 more to hear in an hour and a half because he had reservations on a plane leaving at 12:30 that would take him back to Tennessee, the land of the great Smokey National Park, where they "recognize and appreciate tourists have as much value as a bale of cotton and are a lot easier to pick". Gore asked witnesses not to be repititous, and for those who found it difficult to abide by his request the senator was equal to the occasion and glancing over his copy of the testimony being given, summarized before the witness could say "a-mint julip-for-me-too-colonel, suh". Trying to ease the rush act given Montana witnesses, the senator ex plained he had been conducting hear ings for five days on this subject and was convinced of the virtue of S. 1136 and S. J. 88, and the only job left to him was to return to the Capitol and convince 394 congressmen and 96 senators . A delegation from the Dakotas who had traveled a thousand miles to testify at the hearings were given a chance to be heard, and so well had Gore moved the witnesses along he was able to walk, not run, to the plane. I am told Glenn Carney is sad in deed because Congressman Anderson suggested Glenn was working on the political level for the "company". Anderson's statement of a week or two dollars. That's because they won't have anyone any longer working for 60 cents an hour, like we do today on the farm lands. They won't any longer have farm kids working for nothing . . ." came out with the most biting criticism of the United States to pass censorship since the signing of the Spanish-American alliance in 1953; "The launching of the first satellite by the So viet Union represents a serious loss of prestige for the United States which, after undertaking a fabulous propaganda campaign announcing how it would lauch its satellite next spring, has been beaten by the scientists of Russia. It would be a good idea for the Americans to learn the lesson the Russians have just given them and in future to abolish their system of sensationalist ganda and not sell the fur of the bear until they have caught it." On October 12 in Washington the Spanish Am bassador gave a Columbus Day reception to which Soviet diplomatists were invited for the first time. The ambassadors of Poland and Czechoslovakia also present. Spain is negotiating $25 millions trading with East Germany. Spanish negotiators tact with Czechoslovak government officials. There are direct trade relations with Poland. Against these post-satellite manifestations of di minishing hostility towards the Soviet block it must be recorded that the regime's abhorrence of nism remains, and with it a dread of Soviet But also to be considered is what Franco adherents refer to as "diplomatic realism". A long-term possi bility is that if the United States fails to catch up with the Russians in the rocket race, Spain will wish to scrap the American alliance and revert to trality. propa w ere are in con commu power. neu so ago made the press several places in the state, piercing rather deeply into the conspiracy of silence on "company" politics. The story that Carney says he is going to sue the papers printing Anderson's words, raises some questions as to the basis of the suit. Doesn't Carney work for the "company"? Is it damaging to him for his employment to be known? I am told the truth is an absolute defense to any liable action in Mon tana. I suppose, like all of us in times of stress, Glenn is getting a lot of kidding over his unsolicited publicity. The current comment about him is he is spending so much time in the Billings area lately he is beginning to talk with a Texas accent. The critical financial situation fac ing Toole county upon the exodus of Texas Oil Company is of state wide concern. The oil companies, that we treated so royally in the legislature and were such an issue in the last campaign are after all only interested in dollars and cents—just like the man said. Sack cloth and ashes, however, avail us nothing, and again we are faced with the question—what pro tection can a raw material state have against predatory dollars and cents interests? One answer to that question was: Use the Alberta, Canada approach— which seems to be any exporter of a raw material can not receive an ex port license until they take the manu facturing by-product out. This has led to tremendous industrial develop ment in Alberta. The counsel for interested parties in the Montana Power rate increase hearings have received their trans cripts of the hearings from the Com mission reporter. They were present ed to them on Monday. That was the 16th. From that date 20 days has been allowed for presentation of simultan eous briefs, so they would be due on the 5th of January. After the 5th of January a decision can be looked for from the Commission at any moment.