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Farmers Going Bankrupt, But . .
Benson's Budget Booms The budget of the U. S. Department of Agriculture has in creased 750 per cent under the stewardship of Ezra Taft Ben son, as compared with the department's budget for the last year under the Democrats (1952), Glenn Talbott told the clos ing day audience of the 1958 Montana Farmers Union in Great Falls, Saturday. < Talbott, president of North Da kota Farmers Union and vice presi dent of National Farmers Union, in his fire and fact-ladened address, tore Benson's administration of the de partment into shreds, pointing out that the Secretary has not only cost American farmers billions in lost in come but has cost the nation's tax payers even more because of the farm policies he has forced into operation. Lost net income to farmers, under Benson, he said, amounted to in ex cess of twenty billion dollars while at the same time opening the way for govement held surpluses to multiply more than five times over. Net farm income for 1951, he pointed out, was $15,150,000,000. This year, the esti mated net is placed at slightly over $12 billion. By Dec. 31, he said, "the accumulated loss to farmers" the last several years will "be more than $20 billion". In the same time, the Administra tion has spent $25.5 billion on the farm program, much of which went to processors and other middlemen in stead of the farmers. Surpluses held by Commodity Cred it Corporation as of June 30, 1952 had a total value of $1.5 billion. As of last June 30, their value stood just under $7 billion. The USDA esti mates surpluses held by the govern ment on June 30, 1959 will hit $9 billion. Biggest reason behind surplus growth is the insistence on pro gressively lower support prices, on the part of Ezra Benson. Each time support prices are whittled down, farmers, having a keen and over riding desire to keep from going broke, spend more money on ferti lizer, farm more intensively, and work harder to produce bigger yields. Yet, Talbott pointed out, the Ben son plan to take a substantial per centage of farmers off the land and put them in the labor market is work ing with alarmingly good results. In five years, more than three million people had been forced off the land. At the end of 1952, there were 24, . 300,000 whose principal source of income was the soil. At the end of 1957 the total was down to 21 million. USDA estimates currently place the number at slightly under 20 million— still the surpluses pile up, higher and higher under workings of the Benson program. As for the budget of USDA, the speaker said that the department, in Secretary Charley Brannan's final year (1952) had a budget of $796 over-all agricultural budget as Brannan went out of of fice, including the cost of storing million. The Paul T. SMITH i i A-PIain-Man-For-The-PIain-PeopIe" H I \ yw ■ : i : : f M ■ ■M J DEMOCRAT—Six-Year Term 'a Recommended By Railroad Brotherhoods Recommended By Montana Mine-Mill Local Unions Paid for by Smith For Comm. Club, John H. Williams, Chairman, Boulder, Montana surpluses, crop price supports and everything else, was $850 million. Under Benson, for 1958, with more than 20,000 employes added under his tenure, the department's operat ing budget has soared to $1,728 mil lion, and the over-all budget (storage, in) added price supports, amounts to $7.4 billion. now • Put in another way: In Brannan's final year, the over all cost of operating USDA, includ ing storage, price supports, etc., amounted to less than six per cent of the total net farm income for that year. Benson's latest budget amounts to 60 per cent of the total NET income for this year! • Put in still another way: In Brannan's final year, the $850 million over-all budget amounted to less than $35.00 expenditure by the department for each and every one of those 24.3 million people living on farms. In 1958, under Benson, the $7.4 billion over-all budget amounts to $370 per person yet remaining on the land. And, according to Talbott, the end is not yet. Said he: ". . . in the next two years that outfit . . . will pretty thoroughly complété the wrecking of the farm programs built up over the previous twenty years.'' Next year, he said, "Benson is going to break the wheat program wide open if he can get away with it . . . In closing, he suggested the only answer is for farm people to go to the polls Tuesday, November 4, and give an overwhelming vote of repudi ation to the Benson regime, by elect ing men to the Congress who "will fight for a fair farm program". » ' 1 he science-military dinner that I made its first appearance on the I White House social calendar last year has been dropped from the 1958-59 schedule. The scientists were counted in last year when Sputnik was whirl ing around us and it was popular for | the President to honor the hard Men of Science "Scratched 5 ' By Ike But recognition of scientists • this [ year has been dumped into that heap of exciting promises about developing the nation's scientific equipment, scholarships for science education and school construction—promises made but never fulfilled.—COPE MEMO. working men of science. By 1956, there were 8,360,000 tractors at work on the world's farm lands, with more than half of them in the United States. Steel Workers To Ask Complete Health Care PHILADELPHIA — (CNS) — When their 3-year contracts with steel makers expire next July, steel workers will ask the industry to invest pension funds in hospitals that the companies and their union will control. David J. McDonald, United Steelworkers of America announces the union will also ask for a pre paid health plan. Its members no longer can afford the higher rates of Blue Cross and Blue Sheild, he said. (AFL-CIO) president. SHELBY—The flood of Canadian cattle into the Montana feeder cattle market in the past few weeks has broken the price of feeder calves from $2 to $4 a hundredweight and cost the state's economy well over $500, 000, Jack Toole, Montana Cattlemen's Association president, said Wednes (!ay - Toole wrote the following letter to Sen. Mike Mansfield (D-Mont.) : "The flood of Canadian cattle into the Montana feeder cattle market has broken the price of feeder calves from $2 to $4 per hundredweight in the past few weeks, "This price break has cost the Montana cattlemen and the econ omy of this state well over $500, Cattlemen Continue Demand For Curbs On Cattle Imports 000 . "Such a serious loss to the Mon tana cattle industry clearly shows the need for a temporary embargo on foreign imports of cattle during I the fall marketing period. Though the Montana Cattlemen's Association pe Motioned the Federal Tariff Commis sion for a hearing on the matter last March in anticipation of this very | situation such a hearing was not granted. "Therefore it appears that our only relief must come through legis lative means. Because Montana's bil lion-dollar cattle industry scarcely can afford a repetition of this situa I tion during the cattle marketing I son of 1959. "We respectfully ask that you and your colleagues from other feeder cattle producing states consider legislative course so that the cattle men of Montana and other western sea ■ mif states can have the same protection afforded other industries which suf f er through excessive and untimely foreign imports." AFL-CIO President . . Labor Will Not Be ' Ragged ' Out Of Politics James Umber, president of the Montana AFL-CIO, speaking before the Montana Farmers Union in Great Falls last week, said every labor lead er and Farmers Union leader could "drop dead tomorrow and leadership would still be attacked by groups". He said "when leadership is attacked it is the membership they are after". He said "No amount of ragging by any political party is going to drive us out of politics", and added that labor had tried to be non-partisan but "one political party makes it more and more difficult". The AFL-CIO leader said labor would "maintain and hold the right to evaluate the work of any legis lator that goes to Helena", and that they would to club regardless of political party". Umber said there were "rascals on both sides of the aisle in the legis lature, and there were enough in the 1957 Senate in one political party to "defeat all liberal legislation". He concluded by saying, "This is not the time to run, we must stand and fight where we are or we are going to be destroyed. We can not afford to let the extremists of either side push us, we are liberals work ing for what is best for the working man and the liberal farmers". some reserve the right V» $36,538,763 Greater University Budget Adopted . . . State Education Board Has Need For An Executive Secretary Last Monday the State Board of Education approved a $36,538,763.36 budget for the Greater University System, and h|t the dirt. Scrambling for a fox hole in the face of the pincer movements of the Peabody and Durham reports and the frontal attack of the Legislative Council, this group, which has been operating with group, which has been operating with out staff or office space (little birds must be telling them what the dome I over the rotunda is really an over head spot light on the Montana poli tical stage). A request for space is to be pre sented to the Board of Examiners with a preference of being near the Department of Public Instruction. Complied with, this would mean that Controller Koch and the purchasing division would find themselves in the dilemma of worshipping the floor they are walking on. staff requests— an executive sec ret ary, who would function as a sec re tary to the ex-officio secretary Harriet Miller at $7,000 and would occupy the requested office space, : and a curriculum advisor, who would be housed by Miss Miller, These staff requests will appear in the December budget presentation that is now being revised to reflect more accurate en rollment data. (Never mind this outer space ?P a tnik stuff, watch this inner Spa ?f MlSS Miller is aware I ° f ltS ™portance hav ing lost space ■ ■ ,->-v m * j V: ■M I ; i: A g: 8: oemocR4T „ £ee 'in " J m ■ A LEADER IN CONSERVATION of our wildlife and outdoor recrea tional resources to assure their continued availability for the en joyment of coming generations. During Metcalf's three terms in Congress he has achieved an enviable record. He has been commended by EVERY conservation group. This past Session Metcalf introduced and ob tained passage of bills to inventory our natural recreational resources, to study the effect of chemical spray on wildlife and fish, to con tinue water pollution control and to check military grabs of public lands. Metcalf's bill (now law) to establish a display pasture at the Bison Range will add to Montana's tourist attractions and benefit all of us. Throughout, Metcalf has been in. the forefront protecting our Nation's natural resources against exploitation, whether by government agencies or by selfish special interests. in the Mitchell building and o«e of two Capitol battles.) Lawrence A. Walker, present su perintendent of the Dillon schools, hired a couple of mouthpieces to check out his tenure status at West ern Montana College where he had worked for ten years. The board now figures things are okay with Walker and he can make up his mind on April 15, contract day, what he wants to do. Walker got the agenda resigna tion treatment from Dr. H. L. Steele, now with Eastern Montana College at Billings. Behind the board's think ing was the impression they might make before a judge when he asked to see the rules and regulations by which they operate. That they func tion at all is to the credit of Miss Dorothy Green who has a card codi fication of the supposed way they operate and an exquisite memory. No money in sight, the option on the old Western Life Building in Helena was dropped. A resolution of exceptional length and one that put the board on record in opposition to the 10 per cent cut which was suggested by dime-minded sectors received a single "no" from Gov. J. Hugo Aronson. J. Hugo's bat ting average remains at zero, zero, zero for getting off the dime.—F.S.