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State House 'Beat' . .
FRANK LY SPEAKING While world science has advanced to placing pennants on the moon, in Montana the placing of food in the oral hole in the head has taken its rightful spotlight. Big juicy apple pies were served to the Board of Education, this week. Baking was done by Mrs. Hall, wife of board member Dr. Earl Hall, the Great Falls obstretician, who noted the increased enrollment of women in the institutions of higher learning, with crass glee for future business. MSC President R. R. Renne reports an eleven per cent increase for female scholars. Missoula's Dr. Newbum says the freshman enrollment is larger than expected. Northern at Havre will have 10 to 15 per tent more freshmen than last year. Dr, Koch of the School of Mines says the enrollment is promising. Western in Dillon—more women. Total enrollments at the six units of the University System will be an nounced at the October 11-12 meet ing of the board in Miles City. After inspecting the boys school there, they will inspect Eastern College in Bil lings the 13th. * Immediately before the pie was cut Monday afternoon Acting Governor Paul Cannon called Elmer Speer, who is in charge of federal surplus foods, into the Governor's office for a press conference. Speer explained what steps have been taken to make surplus commodi ties available to strike-bound workers in the non-ferrous metal industry. Emmett Walsh, Deer Lodge county attorney, had taken the initial move that allowed that county's commis sioners to hire Pat Ward of Ana conda as union welfare commodity clerk. Ward will receive $300 a month. This is the entire cost to the county. The county loaned a truck to Mine-Mill drivers to bring the plies from the Warn Springs ware house. At the East Clark Street dis tribution point the 100-pound rice sacks were repackaged into one, two and three-pound sacks. To obtain an entitlement card, ap plication must be made to the welfare department. The welfare department is co-operating with the program fully. No investigation as to cash or re sources left is made. The point is that the recipients are taxpayers who have helped to pay for the agricultural support pro grams. One of the paradoxes of our time is the attitude of the Cascade county commissioners, in the heart of an agricultural area that has received so much of the benefit of the price support-program, who still refuse to allow the industrial worker who has had to put his tax dollars on the line with the rest of us, to get something from - the program of supported prices' / The per person ration of excess commodities is not exactly designed to make for obesity. Dried milk and eggs are on the list. All purpose Mon tana flour and a germ free commeal that is of a higher quality than is obtainable in the supermarkets, com plete the list. The Warm Springs warehouse has plenty of surplus food on hand and is now ready for emergency shipments. Participants in the program be sides counties are 55 institutions, six reservations and 74 summer camps. To qualify an organization must be tax-exempt and of a non-profit na ture. The school lunch program is under a differei^ section of the commodities law. The qualifying . for a few pounds of rice and cups full of dried eggs and milk is not charity but a prepaid privilege. The press conference was a follow up of Acting Governor Cannon's at tempt to help the employees of the industry. Cannon has appealed to , President Eisenhower for federal conciliation and mediation service to gether with the appointment of a fact-finding commission. Montana copper needs conciliation, cornmeal and Kennecott. (Rumor is ; Kenne cott is interested in buying Anaconda Company's Butte holdings.) The food problem also is a con cern of the Education Board. The need for professional assistance in the five custodial food handling proh lems received considerable attention at this month's board meeting. Mrs. Irene Miller, resident halls director at MSC, had made a study of the menus for a month in the cus todial institutions. The result was in conclusive because some institutions have adults and children. Because the words "salad" and dessert" were used no way could be found to deter mine the food value at any given time. Whether it was served to be attractive to the "stomach of the mind" is another important factor that could not be included from a sample study of written menus. The institution cooks are to attend the next school lunch institute. Legislatures have consistently re for dietician in a cus todial budgets. (Dietician is a polite word for "starvation expert".) Other Board of Education biz; • Turned down all bids on the gym at Eastern in Billings. The stripped down version was $20,000 to high. • Louis Forsell of the Attorney General's office assisted with the es tate of Issac C. Hall that was given to the School for the Deaf and Blind in Great Falls. • Raised Joe Bolkovatz's salary, as acting head of the Children's Cen ter in Twin Bridges, to $482 a month. A sixty-dollar increase. • Told board member "Shorty Dye to tell the board at the Girls Vocational School in Helena to go ahead and build the dormitory the legislature put the money up for, without a kitnchen. • Awarded a scholarship to an In dustrial School student to attend the University. • Hired William Mallinson for assistant business manager at West ern Montana College of Education in Dillon for $5,500 a year. • Received a report from MSC Pres ident Renne that $6,000 damage had iy been done, mostly to Old Montana Hall at the college in Bozeman. Elsewhere on the campus of the Capitol food was of vital concern. America's long time "secret" weap on of an ample meat supply is being managed from a three-story, yellow brick building built in 1918 on the southeast comer of the main capitol grounds. The building cost $48,000. The executive officer, John W. Saf ford, is busy with his annual report. Spread on his desk were research figures which showed the result of the endeavors of the Livestock Sani tary Board. The success of the long fight against tuberculosis in livestock makes Mon tana outstanding in the country. In 1911 there was a 10.6 per cent incidence of the disease and the hu man ratio was in direct proportion. As control methods were applied the amount of TB fell. In 1908 of the 19,191 cattle tested 1,006 were re actors. In 1921 the Trams-Marsh vaccine application to areas method was im plemented to replace the individual herd test and the TB scourge was on the way out. 1935 found Montana an accredited area test free of TB. Two million cattle tested revealed one half per cent reactors. Brucellosis is now number one tar get for elimination because of the high transmission rate to humans. Montana is being controlled except for Custer and Powder River counties which chose to refrain from the pro gram because of the high degree of infestation that would make produc tion costs rise. The control of this disease is about equal to the 1921 period for TB. Area testing is being accomplished except for the two counties. There are a number of diseases ibât are peculiar to animals that do not affect humans. The losses from these to the cattle industry are very real. For example pulmonary emphy sema which occurs when cattle are taken from dry ranges and put on meadows causes the lungs to blow up. There are about 350 cases reported yearly. At this rate the loss is about $700,000. Eye cancer can drop the value of an animal from $180 to $20. On and on the'list of diseases go that are taking toll of the resource that enables science to spend its time making rockets instead of scratching Repr. LeRoy Anderson Reports To You From The Nation's Capitol WASHINGTON, D. C.—As Con gress draws near to a close, somehow most of the conflicts have been re-1 solved, as they should in the give-and take of a democratic government. Housing Bill— The housing bill was twice vetoed by the President. The Congress said, "Okay, there'll be no housing legislation." The White House emissaries said, "Just change your last bill enough to save face and the Presi dent will sign it." So, building of classrooms was taken out and the bill romped through the Senate and then through the House on a voice vote. Public Work» Bill— The public works appropriation bill was vetoed by the President and we failed to override by a single vote. We cut the bill 2% per cent, leaving in the 67 "new starts", and it was vetoed again. Then, we succeeded in overriding with a 30-vote margin. Chalk up a victory for Congress in beating down the "no new-starts" policy and proceeding with conservation and development of our water and other natural re sources. Originally, this year's public works bill called for around $14 mil lion worth of activity in Montana, Since the second bill called for a 2 % per cent reduction of all items in the first bill vetoed by the President, the newly-enacted legislation will mean our state will receive about $13% million in public works ac-|j; tivity. High Interest and Inflation- Since 1953, this Administration has pursued a policy of choking off credit demand by a restricted money supply and high interest rates. Their claim has been that this holds down inflation. The opposite is true. High interest rates in our modern economy are inflation ary. Except for agriculture, prices in America are largely administered, or set, with small regard to either supply or demand. Take steel, for example, where prices have been moved up dozens of times in the past few years, even when demand was taking only | 60 or 65 per cent of production ca pacity. Or take automobiles. There a million 1959 automobiles stand are ing around on lots over the country— but the surplus production doesn't lead to lower prices as it does with wheat or cattle. Industry sets the prices and we pay them. Raising the interest rate no longer lowers the price level as it used to when our economy operated on a more competi tive supply-and-demand basis. High interest chokes off economic activity wherever interest charges are a major consideration—housing, schools, pub-1 lie utility expansion, and small busi ness. Interest is a big part of your private budget and a big part of the public budget. In both cases, high in terest is inflationary and robs you High Interest and National Income | —The current high interest policy strikes at every pocketbook in Amer ica. For many years we managed to keep the interest rate below 2 % per cent. But for six years now interest rates have been in a sweeping uptrend and interest on the national debt is the greatest single-non-defense item in the national budget—up a whop ping $4 billion annually since 1952. The Congress has rejected the Presi dent's demand that we increase the interest rates on long-term govern ment bonds beyond the present 4% of some of your ability to buy goods you want and need. Arnold Olsen Enters— Declaring that all state, county and municipal employes must be pro tected or be denied the right of free speech, Olsen said "this case of Hor ace Williams is the most rank kind of injustice ... for 33 years he en joyed promotions from one position to another in the highway depart ment, and the turning point in his career is a demotion after testifying before a legislative committee", "Unless something is done to cor rect this terrible situation, govern ment employes will have but one al ternative", Olsen concluded, "and that is to testify in the interest of his job, and not necessarily to the truth". (Continued From Page One) Stockmen should watch red water, yellow nose, rabies; and check care fully what seems to be a simple mucosis, for the surface symptoms are the same as rinderpest that re cently destroyed 6,000,000 cattle in the Nile valley. around for something to eat. A Montanan's . . WASHINGTON NOTEBOOK 1 By VIC REINEMER, Exec. Secy, to Sen. James E. Murray lowstone Park which will cost an esti mated $2.6 million to repair. from Secretary of the Interior Seaton to Montanans in Congress—Senators Murray and Mansfield, Congressmen Metcalf and Anderson, The earthquakes of last month did damage to roads and facilities in Yel This is the most recent estimate Seaton, who told the delegation he plans to inspect the park in the near future, broke down the damage esti mate into two categories, work under way and to be underway soon, and work which may be undertaken next [spring, The first includes $388,800 for emergency repairs to roads to remove slides, restore surfaces and the like; $350,000 for major reconstruction, Gibbon Falls section of road, $95,000 for repair and restoration of build ings and utilities, and $31,000 for "operating functions," including ad ditional costs for special emergency measures taken to meet the situation and geological research, observations \ and recordations, The second is $1.7 million to re | place 50-year-old stone buildings at Mammoth Hot Springs, While every effort will be made 0 remove the slides before winter s j ve that even if the work is started this fall, it will be impossible to p i e te it next spring," Seaton reported t 0 the delegation -work as possible will be completed before winter weather sets in It will be resU med in early spring, the road between Madison and Norris can be open ed this year, tinued Thursday the Department of Health, Education and Welfare called Senator office weather sets in, damage to the Gibbon Falls section of the road is so exten com As much of this "Park officials do not believe that • ♦ he con H1GHWAY BILL AMENDED Incidentally, surplus government Murray's report State Deparment of Public Instruction | had apparently recommended against having the four surplus steel buildings at Hanford, Washington, moved to Virginia City for temporary school use. HEW had located the surplus buildings, and made them available to the school, within 24 hours after a call from the Congressional delega tion asking if it could help meet Vir ( ginia City's problem, property is now one of the main sources of federal aid to education, During the last fiscal year schools and colleges received $280 million worth of surplus materials ranging from lab equipment to buildings. On another fringe of the earth quake aftermath Congress sent to the President a highway bill including [the Murray-Mansfield amendment which authorizes the federal govern ment to pay full cost of repair of disaster-struck roads which were built entirely from federal funds. Under — per cent statutory limit—a limit ef fective during the past four decades of ups and downs in our national econ omy. This fight, which Congress wop, i s part and parcel of the fight against the whole hard money, high interest policy which is dragging on our econ [omy. We will carry over into I960 our efforts in this battle against the inflation of high interest. Missiles— The Air Force is study ing a series of locations near existing air bases for possibilities of installing new long-range missiles. Included is a study in the vicinity of Great Falls, adjacent to Malmstrom Air Force Base. These missiles of the Minute Man ICBM variety are placed under ground in a position somewhat like that of a concrete road culvert being placed on end in a deep well. The in stallation of each missile, however, [would be far more complicated and require extensive electronic work, Generally, the installations once com pleted would require only four or five men to operate and to give periodic maintenance, Teaching Changes In Languages— In 1957, according to a report I just received, there were only 16 high schools in the United States which offered classes in Russian. Since the disclosures of scientific advances in the USSR, there now are more than 400 high schools which have started [offering courses in the Russian lan guage. existing law the states would have to pay half the cost. The Murray-Mans field amendment includes a retroac tive feature which will permit the bill, when signed by the President, to apply to the earthquake-stricken areas. On this matter Montana's Governor joined with Montana's Congressional delegation—several days after the delegation proposed the amendment to the Department of Commerce and Senate Committee on Public Works. CLARK CANYON, AT LAST Thur»day the Congre»» put an end to the crack going around Capi tol corridors that nature's dam cre ating Quake Lake wai the first new start in the Eisenhower Adminis tration. Congress resoundingly overrode tfie President's veto of the second public works bill, thereby giving the green light to continuation of the second power plant at Fort Peck, the Helena Valley Unit, and a new start at Clark Canyon Dam ($975,000 appropriated) of the East Bench Unit near Dillon. There are some fears however that the President, angry over inclusion of new starts, might impound the money for the East Bench Unit which Congress gave him. Prior to the Senate vote to over ride, Senator Mansfield took the floor to contrast the Administration's oppo sition to new starts at home to its advocacy of new starts in Morocco, Somali and Tunisia, at U. S. expense, through the foreign aid appropriation. "This Administration has no com punction about spending money on telecommunications in Liberia, on irri gation in Spain, on roads and bridges in Malaya, on a dam in Taiwan cost ing more than $20 million, on dredg ing in Thailand, on waterworks in Paraguay, on a sewage system in Pak istan, on waterworks in Viet Nam, and on a airport in Bolivia. ff Mansfield said the Administra tion calls such projects "develop ment" abroad, but "pork barrel" at home. As the Administration sees it, he said, "If these projects are for development abroad they are urgent and essential. If these projects are to operate at home they are spendthrift and socialistic." New starts and continued resource development here at home, he said, are essential to progress. PASSPORTS Last week, the House passed a bill to grant the Secretary of State au thority to deny passports to persons who, since January 1951, have en gaged in activities intended to furth er the international Communist move ment. When he returned to his office from the House, Congressman Met calf expressed the fear that the bill might someday even keep President Eisenhower from traveling abroad. We're getting dozens of letters protesting President Eisenhower's in vitation to Soviet Dictator Nikita Khrushchev as a great propaganda vic tory for the Reds, and one which cer tainly favors the spread of inter national Communism," Metcalf said. "As I read this bill, some future Secretary of State could deny a passport to Mr. Eisenhower." • • CFA ADVANCES The Community Facilities Adminis tration has approved these advances to; Flathead County High School Dis trict, $4,830, for preliminary plan ning of $300,000 worth of additional high schpol facilities at Kalispell; School District No. 10, county, $8,635 for preliminary plan ning of a combined elementary-high school at Noxon, estimated to cost $644,375; Toole county, $5,460 for preliminary planning of $149,700 worth of water and sewerage systems for the town of Sweetgrass. Con struction of all three projects is pected to start next summer. The interest-free advances are repayable on start of construction. SENATE PASSES BOOSTER BILL Thursday the Senate passed the Moss-Murray bill which would permit the FCC to license now illegal boosters or repeater stations. Still on the Sen ate calendar, as the NOTEBOOK goes to bed, is the companion bill approved by the Senate Commerce Committee which would establish FCC jurisdic tion over community antenna systems. Sanders ex-