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Drawing Jobless Comp. Statewide claims for unemploy ment insurance benefits totaled 4,663 as the metal mining strike entered the fourth week, according to Chadwick H. Smith, chairman of the Unemploy ment Compensation Commission. Of this number, 705 were initial claims representing new unemployment. Forty-seven individuals filed their claims from other states while in search of employment outside Mon tana. Claims filed by women num bered 1,184, one-fourth of the state wide total. Total claims were 39 less than the prior week. Several hundred workers who had filed initial claims earlier were found disqualified from payment last week because of vacation pay ments received from their employer during this period. Claims filed so far during the metal mining dispute followed much the same pattern of those filed during a similar dispute in the metal mining industry in 1954, Smith said. During both periods the bulk of the claims were filed during the first three weeks, doubling the weekly claim to tal of the week prior to the strike. In 1964 the claim hike during the strike period was 1,535. So far, during the current dispute the claim rise over the week prior to the strike stands at 2,247. Much of the more than 700 claim increase this year is the result of the added volume of claims from salaried worked laid off by the metal minnig industry. During the 1954 dispute these workers were not separated or placed on part-time basis during the dispute period. 53% OF CLAIMS FROM BUTTE AND ANACONDA Last week, .more than half (63%) of the state's total unemployment claims came from Butte and Ana conda. After a drop of 34 from the prior week the Butte claim load stood at 1,602. A rise of 13 brought the Anaconda claim total to 873 last week. The Glendive local of/ice claimed the distinction of having no Mon tana claims during the week. The one claimant currently filing through that office earned wage credits in another state and the claim is paid by that state. Half of the remaining employment offices listed claim declines, and half showed higher claim figures over last week. f Claim declines were reported from: Poison, down 37 to 72; Great Falls, down 18 to 557; Billings, down 17 to 387; Havre, down 11 to 57; Cut Bank, 49, and Libby. 30, down 9 each; Boze Bids To Be Let On Girls School Jobs, Oct, 14 You never mention architects in the newspapers so what do you want Robert Hendron's name for?" Sig vald Berg, Helena architect, asked reporters at the Board of Examiners meeting Wednesday. Hendron is a consulting engineer who assisted Berg with the plans that were approved for the elevated water tank and sewage lagoon at the Girls Vocational School in Helena. Bids for these two projects will be opened October 14. Two weeks ago it was discovered that the Bureau of Reclamation had constructed a lateral ditch across the school ground. This surprise will cause a slight incon venience. The ditch will have to be filled to move dirt for the lagoon walls and then dug out again. < * Cahill-Mooney was awarded the prison revamp job on a cost plus ten per cent basis by Gov. J. Hugo Aronson and Secretary of State Frank Murray. The Galen Sanitarium sewer line was cancelled because easements had not yet been secured from the two railroads, the highway department, and another land owner. A nightwatchman is to be hired for the old Governor's mansion. Aron son will now night-watch at the new one. -F.S. man, down 4 to 21; Glasgow, down 2 to 25; Hamilton, 71, and Lewistown, 17, down 1 each. Higher weekly claim totals were found at; Missoula, up 40 to 325; Hel ena, up 13 to 160; Kalispeil, up 10 to 179; Livingston, up 8 to 61; Wolf Point, up 7 to 42; Dillon, up 5 to 32; Thompson Falls, up 4 to 34; Sidney, up 3 to 6; Shelby, up 2 to 37; Miles City, up 1 to 35. SMITH LOOKS FOR "GOOD AUTUMN TREND" Although the metal mining dispute took some of the steam out of Mon tana's economic growth, other labor market activities point to a good au tumn trend, Smith said. Despite some scattered lay-offs in construction, it is expected that a high level of em ployment will continue in this industry until weather conditions force closure of some projects. Much the same condition exists in the lumber industry where high em ployment levels will not change until the weather does, or until strike threats in the industry become real ity. Stepped up activity was also noted in oil exploration and drilling along the highline and eastern sections of the State. Seasonal activities within the next few weeks in the shape of the sugar beet harvest and refining, and the potato and apple harvests will provide employment for approximate ly 3,000 workers. Trade industries, spurred by fall sales and back to school buying, showed good volume. Another good sign is seen in approximately 5,000 job openings listed with local em ployment offices during August. Copper Production Up (Continued From Page One) although making no formal offer ac cording to the union, did indicate in a press release "it might be possible to reach agreement in the area of a 6.7 cents package". This was fol lowed up by a contention "the settle ment that is finally made will be in an area less than the 6.7 cent per hour area indicated to the union com mittee. Company spokesmen, at the same time, held out the threat that Ana conda may not reopen its Montana operations, or will do so on an ex tremely limited scale "the more pro longed the strike" is. They also said "the company regrets very much the union committee did not feel that this (6.7-cent) was a proper area /or negotiations. NO PROPOSAL MADE Mine-Mill's committee contradicted the assertion by company spokesmen that Anaconda had even proposed ne gotiations in the area of 6.7 cents. Said the union; "Mine-Mill has had no opportunity to reject or accept a pro posal for settlement because the com pany made no proposals. • * 99 Continuing, the union committee stated that "Anaconda Co. Tuesday refused to negotiate in the area pro posed by the Mine-Mill committee. The area suggested by the committee involved the company's settlements in their own brass plant, American Brass in Connecticut and irt New York, and also in copper smelter and refining operations in Carteret, N. J' "The Mine-Mill committee did not reject negotiations in any area. It did advise the company that it was willing to negotiate in any area in which the company would make a proposal." COMPANY "WANTS SPECIAL CONSIDERATION" Contacted by phone, following the latest breakdown in negotiations, Mine-Mill committee chairman Ernest Salvas told THE VOICE that "the company's pitch is that they must have special consideration in Mon tana." . . . Anaconda in indicating the possibility that they might con sider negotiating in a 6.7-cent pack age area is, according to Salvas, "in effect saying miners and smeltermen by accepting (a settlement far below the emerging industry pattern) should subsidize Anaconda in order to keep their jobs. If miners and smeltermen are forced to subsidize Anaconda," just as the taxpayers of Montana have • • Fads Prove Farm Myths Are False Some People Have Distorted View of Farm Scene Today, Says National Planning Association By DONALD R. MURPHY In THE WISCONSIN AGRICULTURIST Did you ever have a city friend tell you, "Farm price supports are raising food prices for me?" Or did a visiting relative from the city ever say, "Don't worry about your surpluses. Lots more babies. They'll eat up the surplus." The Agriculture Committee of the National Planning Association bumped up against the same problem and decided to get out a report on myths about farming. This report says: It is hard for a city resident to pay much attention to the farm situation. ( ( Even though he is fed, clothed, and sheltered by resources from areas he never sees, he seldom wonders how this happens. "Yet he is called upon to help other citizens discuss farm and settle na tional farm policies. He is handi capped by lack of interest and lack of information. He is also handicapped by myths about farming." Here are some of the myths and a summary of NPA's comment: Myth; 1. If farmers were as effi cient as city workers, they wouldn't be in trouble. Fact; Official figures show output per man-hour in agriculture in 1957 was 83.4 per cent more than in 1947. Output per man-hour in manufactur ing was 41.9 per cent more than in 1947. Myth; 2. "Farm price supports are causing the increase in the cost of living. Fact; Prices received by farmers actually dropped from 1965 to 1958 99 99 been subsidizing the company for many years in paying the company's silicosis bill, then said Salvas, are the communities in which company operations are located, subsidizing Anaconda because below standard paychecks mean that there is less money in the pockets of miners and smeltermen to spend with local busi ness." Concluding, the Mine-Mill spokes man said that all during the more than seventy-five years the company has been in existence and has grown into , a worldwide corporation, "their prosperity has been made off the backs of Butte miners. All Butte has to show for it today are large grave yards. . I SO • ' Subpoena of (Continued From Page One) violation of any rule or regulation of said Highway Department which had come to (his) attention or been brought to (his) attention . . .'' Citing three examples of reprisal action taken against him, because of his testifying the legislative committee, Williams listed in his brief ; a. Delaying of his pay check for March, 1959; b. Omitting his name from the de partment's payroll for April, 1959, and his having to secure his salary via a supplementary payroll; c. His demotion from program en gineer position at $755 a month to post of maintenance and space super intendent of the Highway building at $500 a month. Taking issue with certain recom mendations allegedly made in the phantom EBASCA Services' report concerning the elimination of the po sition of program engineer; that he dicl not "perform the functions which were properly to be accomplished by him in that position; and that he failed "to display any willingness or ability to perform the said func tions . . as alleged by the High way in its "matters-of-fact" brief, Williams demanded in his reply that a bill of particulars detailing the time, place a«d function which it is alleged (he) did not perform." 99 The history of most countries has been that of majorities—mounted majorities, clad in iron, armed with death, treading down the ten-fold more numerous minorities.— O W. HOLMES. while the cost of food went up. So farm prices couldn't have caused the rise. Myth; 3. "Farm surpluses will be gobbled up by increasing population. Fact; Actually farm output is keep ing a step ahead of population growth. In 1958, farm output was 97 per cent higher than in 1910-14. U. S. popu lation was 87 per cent higher than in 1910-14. Many estimates indicate that this tendency is likely to continue through 1975 at least. Myth; 4. "The ordinary Iowa farm er ., . has a minimum of two cars and they are usually brand new Buicks or Oldsmobiles or Cadillacs. Fact; This statement, in various forms, shows up constantly from peo ple who overestimate farm income. Latest estimate shows the following ownership among Iowa farmers of the three makes of cars listed above: Per cent 99 6.2 Buick _ Oldsmobile Cadillac_ 6.2 4 Myth; 5. "Federal taxpayers now hands out to farmers an annual gift equal to half the farmers' income. Fact; This myth refers to the total appropriation for agriculture. This total covers loans, which will be re paid; it covers consumer services, like meat inspection, U. S. Forest Service; it covers expenditures for school lunch food. Payments to farmers from govern ment are much smaller than the total ' ' appropriations. Myth; 6. "Farmers don't need much cash. They raise most of their own food. Fact; Farmers pay 31 per cent of Extensive Frauds In Stock Market The Securities and Exchange Com mission has warned that, despite the regulatory laws enacted in the New Deal 1930s, stock frauds are flourish ing now. In fact, the situation now may be even worse than it was before the stock market crash of 1929. This same subject was discussed in WALL STREET JOURNAL article. It says stock manipulators are "thriv ing on the boom, pushing prices up or down for fast profits," and using such tricks as "buying and selling to each other" to create fictitious signs of market activity in a particular stock. The article says manipulators find it easy to "feed stock out to a gullible public" in the boom conditions of to day, and they use "many and devious ways to manipulate a stock's price," such as "spreading rumors" and "at tracting attention by unusual action on the ticker tape. Those remarks are about stocks which are listed and sold on the ex changes. In addition, hundreds of mil lions of dollars of unlisted and new stocks—mostly mining and oil shares not worth the paper they are printed are sold to suckers each year. Many of these stocks are sold to small American investors by promoters who sit safely in Canada, beyond th® reach of Uncle Sam's Securities and Ex change Commission. The Wall Street paper emphasizes that the stock market is no place for amateur", who is about as safe among the manipulators and "profes sionals" as a lamb would be among wolves. a • ' on an You'll Want To Keep Track of the Important Issues How better than by being a steady reader of . . . THE PEOPLE'S VOICE THE PEC PLE'S V0ICE Box 838, Helena. Enclosed find $3.00. Please send THE VOICE for 1 year. □ NEW •Please Check Which □ RENEWAL their family living budget for. food. Production expenses—machinery, fer tilizer, seed, feed, etc.—amount to around 65 per cent of a farmer's gross income. Myth; 7. "Farmers are getting along fine. There is no sense in giving them any help from government." Fact; Most people forget that farm operating expenses are rising steadily, while farm receipts jump up and down. Per capita income from farm ing is about one-third of pér capita income of nonfarmers. Myth; 8. "Farm subsidy programs are keeping people on farms who ought to be getting out of farming and into city jobs." Fact; National Planning Associa tion quotes census figures to show that the big drop in farm population actually came during the period of big farm programs. People have been leaving agriculture lately at an un precedented rate. Myth; 9. "The way to solve the farm problem is to reduce or remove support prices. Then farmers will re duce production and the surpluses will vanish. Fact; Actually farm output has kept rising steadily, both in years when farm prices are falling and in years when farm prices were rising, (Na tional Planning Association might have called attention to the 1959 corn crop as an example.) Myth; 10. "Put high supports—90 per cent of parity or better—on farm products and we farmers will be all right. Fact; This is a farm myth, rather than a city myth. National Planning Association notes that 90 per cent 99 99 supports, without control of produc tion, are likely to result in production of surpluses and more farm trouble. Myth; 11. "Farmers have an ad vantage over non-farm people, be cause of government aid to agricul ture." Fact; Per capita income from farm ing is about one-third of nonfarm in come. And one authority says, "Farm operator families on the 2,213,000 commerical (high production) farms received an average income of $5,415 in 1956, whild all nonfarm families, including those living on skid row and public relief, received an average in come of $6,900". These are brief summaries of what the agriculture committee of the Na tional Planning Association says in much more detail in its report. Any reader who wants the full text of this report can send 30 cents to National Planning Association, 1606 New Hampshire Avenue NW, Wash ington, D. C. Additions to the Billion Dollar Club Despite the recession, five more companies were added to the list of those with a billion or more in assets last year. There now are 96 companies, with AT&T-assets of $19.5 billion—heading the list. Standard Oil (N.J.), with $9.5 billion of assets, is the largest in dustrial firm. General Motors, sets $6.9 billion, is the largest in durable goods manufacturing. Met ropolitan Life, with assets of $16.2 billion, is the second largest firm and the largest insurance corpora tion. as Total assets of the billion dollar club of firms were $284 billion against $269.5 billion in 1958.