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Sun River Sun.
ftSun. sa D oEr TItRtiDAY BY THtI Sun-River Publishing Company. l 1DAVID ALJIA. ,o" ........................mra.. pter soar, Stritly in Advncn,.... $ ot. Thursday, February 14. OUR BOW. "obday we Inunch the B.S Rtvxn Stu. Out On the Montana sea of journalism wtHe so many broad and stately rlhets tat already spread and being wtlfted by the steady breeze of popular patronage on toward that very desirable haven, flilu. enaO, and ask and expedt the lileral sup. ort of tall the people in this vilinity, .s well as a share of the patronage of rest. dents in other parts of this territory. Our faith in the future of Montann is unbounded, and especially of that portion within a circuit of eighty miles, having its center at this'town. Being inntimatly acquainted with its ultual, mineral aed stoek.ris.I ¢'te hfio r faith In " ln tI s g our place atnong the other I.rnals of the tenritoy, we do so with th~e declaration that the Sun shall be a thoroughly independent, hon.partiian pa. pp, devoted to no particulir party, sect orereed, but to the Interests and general welfare of Montana, and of the Sun river anadjacent valleys in particulu We extend our thanks to the citizens of Saun River and vicinity for the encourage. mait that they have given us in our en toQprise, and it shall be our aim to cause them no regret for their liberality. * THE CONVENTION. We learn from Monday's Independent that the convention completed Its labors at Satudst ay the 19th, and that it is gon. e7ly coaceded to have been one of the lat ,epresentative bodies ever uasem Si Montana, and its work justifies the bl*~ sate ,plmaced upon the character a ther li nters. The coastitution, taken as a whole, is an exsellent one, contalningmany of the best features of the constitutions of Call. f moram , Colorado, Nevada and other states. It`l probable that all its provisions may pet be satisfactory to every one. This t.st .hardly be expected. But it has fpd bd by the wisdom and experience of .:'pas'It, and contains the boeat provisions tdom constitutions that have stood the test Ot time. .Ih Weo prIlOipal qneitionsupon which iS conw ettilo was divided were those in ;roerence to the acceptance of free passes Tih railroads and the exemption of rail. aed from taxation Upon both of these the Independent thinks the people will endorse, the action 41 the majority of the convention. SWhllp mayr be true that judges, legis S i"i ler ofcmials wobld 4of be laiun. s L r ac. oin by a free pass it is li ~ beho the judge decided in .iVor ,¢i trdaosd in a suit it would be .atON. to eoatvinee the defeated party 'that tbeaooeptaneof such courtesles had .nat lndueneed the result. No judge should be placed under obll. .ptoneas to pithes party to a suit by the ac. qf /raes pass or any other pres. i1 p te same is true of any other oi er by whose official action the inter. .e1aq at p railroad may be eileeted. Sir to thri exemption of mines from tax. .Stit Is scarcely an exemption at all. ¶' oveiir nt price of the mines, the Alisamplrovementsend the profits realized .'O'" all8 taxed. The speculative value lde I.s exempt. The hopes of th tterrm. t~ere. largely hinged upon its mining lts op.I. It is therefore the part of wis. 1041, to enequrago the developmenat of "liqse interests by .rlendly legislation. We hbelleve that the people of the territory generally approve the action of the etaventlon. T'ur West shore comes to us this montl u a'now form, and we unhosltatingly pro. flounce it the equal of any magazino in ; ,world in the beauty of its appearance. hI new engraved cover is without an , *oept qg the handsumost we ever saw. -, o6df the most familiar scenes In Ore. ,1 , Washlagto,. Idaho, M)ontnnu, Cull. fiinia and Nevada have been grouped to. Sgathr in a highly artistic manner, and almong them are woven the name of thie ilagalin, symbols of our industries and plimpaes of our products. Everything Is new, the type, the style of arrangement, bd to a'large extent, the character of its contents. The Illustrations, also, are an t provement oeven wpon the former moIst ezlleellent ones. We congratulate the , est Shore on the prosperity these costly inprovements Indicate. In its efforts to epnbblue the useful and the beautiful, to Impart information and at the saune time please us with views of our magnifleent edonery, It is doing ia good work end de. horves the eaurty good will of all. It is published at Portland, Oregon, by L. lamuel, at two dollars pcar annum. Ivr is with feelings of )pardonabie pride tlat we scud this, the first issue of the *Ipx RIVTit vUhN forth on Its milssion. 11'e :..reenldeovored to luake it a credlt to our 'pwa., and believe tlhat we ave aucrceeded, iptd shal strive to moake uh such s eeding Jue umore newsy and hlteremting. Our 'g, e. sli of correspondents wil ,oc,!u)py .p. or lea sspace each weeak with Iartlcles ;,tleiptlve of their several localites, The ..olumas of the .Bv will lie ever open for the discussion of any tople of.local Inter est. We wlsh it distinctly.wadesrtood that we publish the l.eu for money and not for the fun of the tJing, and propose to give every man tkl full value of his molsy in advertislng, subscrlption or Jtb work. In.wriu.p g up Sun River ald suir. Sroundling wvq may have mIade some mus lek... l;jis we are not old.thiiers, mind had to draw our iuformnatin , Imose who are, we may have bieeni 4i "jmtºformned In sonio l.llanceo which wet ire rready to) torre'ot is ;ioli ii we kI.n i, of them, (t' 1c itint(' io Ii toN i ht 11 ssue if, the B'ox In every hoe in the S tiun river', (Cllestllut, South Fork lincd 'Toton villeys, ncii If 1113.any onei IIs IIed It is unlutin tcntlonil. And If thet.. clio any who have not rec'.lvd ai cocpy, tll wish onech , Wi' will Ie plei.d tc o csend tlihem a c'ry if they wi ll um al poitl c i tl nrd withc their d-. dreess 1In n dy written thereon. hIns. (Guiicin : crot~t.cc, nucn.hcr from Sun lriver. yesterdilay lt 8 . his 'ppcrlerance III the ciontithtilUnal conventicnh for lthe fl rat time (having hern dettined it home by sickness l I hils fllly) and took the oath of oflire. lie stalted to the icclveUn 1onc that lie did not desilr ti vote UipnI cany proposiltion before thle hitly at thisI laIe duay, hut that liie wanted to nnIwer tio hlis 1U1ialu it loast ioceo Ic. the rinvc.tion. - Indelupelldenit. Tow.Nsns',:s now :paler, the 'Tranrhllint, is a well edited nud i cuodel country shoet. The luople of Meaglher couty tnny well feel proud of it, alld we hope they will show their cplllrec'iation hy glv. Ing the piuIliche h tr hr hearty suplport. STOCK-RAISING. Preservation of Portions of the Range for Winter usp Advocated---Monoy Yet to' e'Madd inise ' Business. SUN Rivce, Feb. 18,1884. Editor of Utho un. Notwithstanding that Montana has been about the only pleasant place this winter, and the tomIperature ex tremely mild for this northern lati tude, we have had our usual amount of snow, and there is no denying the fact that cattle are pretty thin on the range, and with severe March or April storms there will be considerable loss. Heretofore large profits have been realized by simply giving attention at branding time. This manner of hand ling cattle is causing on many of the ranges an annual loss of from ten to twelve per cent, and because the bu sinoss still pays with this loss, owners are careless about proserving the win ter ranges. Where the above annual loss is sustained is what may be termed over-crowded districts. The finer qualities of fooed such as granuna and buffalo grass are eaten out before win ter sets in, and the lesser fattening qualities have to be consumed by the stck in the winter months, and the result is there is no beef in late win ter and spring months in those over crowded districts. The beef for home consumption is either fed or comes from the border ranges. As stock-raising depends on the amount of stock that can be wintered, and as our winters will always regu late our capacity as a grazing coun try, there is no danger of overstock ing the aouptry long atatimu for they will winter kill. Therefore the mat ter of preserving our best winter quar tort for winter use bocomes a very so rious one. It behooves the stock interests to graze the high plateaus, table lands and the base of the moun tains in summer, where the snow falls too deep for winter grazing. There must be a co-operation and combiIa tion of interests of the differently defined ranges, and they must be so managed as to produce the best re stilts and thereby insure as large div idends in the future as has been in the past. / If the larger owners will ordnly unite and act in this important matter I think the smaller ones will follow. It is safe to say that not to exceed ono fourth of our grazing lands is good and safe winter qmgurtors for stock. Then how necessary it becomes to the stock interests to preservo that fourth for winter use only, and thereby pre pare for the worst. From past expo rienoo I should say our extreme win ters have been every nine years, name ly: 1862, 1871 and 1880. But with all those seeooming drawbacks cattle-rais ing pays well, and the outlook for the future of the businoss, p)roplrly man aged, has a brighter side than almost any othorbranch. The small margins realized in nearly every branch of trade since the advent of the N. P. 1. R. in Montana will of itself cause a lively demand for cattle, and they will be sought by capitalists as an invest ment. I know they have paid for the past ten years with very ordinary management over twenty per cent compounded annully, and can be made to do eidually its well is not bet tor in the fiture. it. 8. F. The Live Stock Market for 1034,. The live stock conmmission mer chants of Chicago tinke ai hopeful view of the cattle market for the present year. A circular of one of the firms commences as follows: "We start out in the now year with good prospects of a good business and healthy market for all kinds of live stock the coming spring anud sun mor. We anticipate a good Europeoan demand for cattle, besides a goodt de mand for dressed beef, shllillrs and canrnera, and we do Inot see/ ituy reason why. we should not have high pricesi for the next twelve imootlhs. 'J'h1 par tial failure of the corn crop will help to strenglhen the price of corn cattle; while Texas and western melnl have begun to realize the fact that ft lcat tie will always brin; a good price, while a three-year-old, or one thin in lieimh is worth more on the grass than anywhere else, and they have the past yeor, a;; a rule, forwarded only their fattest cattle, and will, no doubt, do the amne lis year. As long ias they colntinue to do so they have Kgolt p'i ci. s gtuarante(ed thall DEARBORN COUNTY. A Few Reasons why the Citlizens of the Sun River Country Neoed a New County Government. St.nRivin, Feb. 18,1884. Alitor of the inon. The Sun river country as known throughout the territory comprions not only the Sun river valley proper, but includes the country along both the North and South Fork of the stream of Sun river, the Teton valley on the north and the Chestnut valley on the south. The Dearborn river is the line be twe"tn Lewis and Clarko county and the tract of country known as north ern Lewis & Clarko county. A line drawn down the Dearborn river to its month, thence acros'w the Missori river, encompanssing the Chestnnt vml Icy, and ending at a point solme five Smiles below the mouth of Sun river, thence across the Missouri on i line north by northweo;t to Dupuyer creek, thence to the head of Dearborn river, would fairly embrace the section known as the Sun river country. ,he vast soopl of country namod is justly famtous for its excellent agri cultural and irrigating facilities, as well as for the finest grazing land to be found anywhere upon the conti nent of America. SChestnut, South Fork, Teton and Sim river valleys are the princiIal settlements at present, but the whle country is rapidly filling up, and even now almost every creek tributary to the larger streams is dotted here and I there with the cabin of the hardy pioneer. The Fort Shaw military reservation t is situated direci'y in the heurt of the Sun river valley, occupying about 140 square miles. In the near future this part will in all probability be abandoned, and the reservation thrown open to aot!al set tiers affording beautiful ranches and 1 homes for hundreds of families. The resources of the Sun rive2 country from a financial point of view even now comprises very favorably with some of the more thickly settled 3 portions of the territory, and the nat ural resources warrant the continued B advance of financial resources as time rolls onward. Isolated as we are, remote from the ° seats of county government, separated Sby distence, mountain ranges, and at times almost impassable mountain roads, and at the same time possess ing the necessary facilities and resour cos to establish and carry on a sepa rate county government,'is it not our right and a matter of simple justice y for th.teitizens df the Sun itbiVr otuil try to demand a county government ; Suppose a resident of Chestnut val ley in Moagher county be smnmoned to appear at White Sulphur Springs upon court business. To travel by public conveyance by the nearest s route that man must go from Chest 0 nut to the town of Sun River, thence to Helena, and from there to his des ! tination, making a total of about 170 e miles travelod. A citizen of the Toeton valley in Chotean county summonud to appear at Fort Benton must travel via town of 8un river, a distance of at least 100 miles. A tax payor of the South Fork country, Lewis and Clarke county, must travel via Fort Shaw to Holoena, a distance of 110 miles. The law compels i citizen to go. When he is summoned he Imust leave his business to take care of itself dur ing his long absence, and appear at the county seat on the day named. There is no case on record where a man from the San River country who has made these trips to and from the seat of govermnent and received suf ficient compensation from the county he roprosensts to pay his actual expen now, say nothing of his time. Another grievance which the citi zens are subject to is found in the number of indigent sick and crippled which every year aro to be taken care of as well as an occasional lImatic. Situated as the Sunt river country is, embracing the remotest portions of the three counties, Lewis and Clarke, Choteau and Meagher, it is but natu ral that there would be and is a con sidorablo floating population, ai pop ulation, a portion of which is coin posed of good honorable worlking muon, and the reotminder of Ita cas:I of worthless vagrants and vaigabonds who unver save it dlollar, 11nd co:;,q'cpwlttly if taken sick or got crippled lllunt be cared for. The proper place for thelnl would be ulltner the win; of county g'Overltneltt, biut thie distance is no great that h i the generality of cases it would 1bo inhniumu to send theta over sucth a long tand weatrisomno road, ltherfore the burden falls upon the citizen and tax payer to foot the bills by pr'i vate subscription. Still another class; of vagalionds im pine upon the citizens. I refer to the petty thieves and vagrants tired oaat of the cities of Helena and lienton. The proper pilace for thetn would be in the lock-ulp or in the chain gang, but the city fathers deem it most Ox petdient to give themt the 3-7-77 racket antd drive thenl from the city. And the ftuther the vagbondlllls (o Itway froml the senat of govertunltll the bot Ior it silfa the city and county author itih,. Irc neut ll tha bot six out of every ten vagrants driven out from the citie:' named take refuge in some part of the Sun river country, there to imposo upon the people, jeopardize their property, and make themselves generally troublesome, and there they stay, boceuse they know there is no such an institftion as a "cooler" or jail in the whole Sun river country; there they stay because tiey know the only way the Beoplo can get rid of them is by forceof might. And there they stay until an outraged commnu nity rise up as one man and bid them face the north and travel. They go to be sure, but it is a very unsatisfactory way of doing b.isiness. I wish to say to all citizens and tax payers residing in the country I have described, that the time has now come when you. should stand up for your rights and demand the attontion of the powers that be. The population and resource arc sulficient to support a county government, and there is no platuablo reason why you should not have it. Some may think and argue that the cost of a county government and the erection of editoat: buildings. would raise the taxation too much. In an swer to that question I will a.totn that in my oiinion the exeer;s or tax would not necessarily exceed two mills, and that only for a short time owing to the increase of immigration, while the advantages of a county govern ment would materialdly ovorblanhce the outlay. In conolusion I would cordially in vite the residents of Chestnut, in Meagher county, northern Lewis and Clarke and north and west Chotean, to express their views and ,;ntliments regarding the county question, through the columns of the Sutn Iiver Sun. And looking hopefully forward to the ne'r future when the great county of DzEAaoRa shall be a power in the land and classed as one among I the groat satelites that illhuninutos the glorious empire of Montann, I subseribo myself, TAx PYEr. Dealers in General Merchandise, Grooeries, Dry Goo. , soots 8 Shoes, O1othin g ad r Hadware. JOBINbTO\ N, - - - MONT .:. _ ._ .t.% - J _ .-.L_+ .--L '. ' --- - .~- - .. . . ... . . . . .... ... ........ ... N.ew Tai. of o eroiw.ndise. Will heirlly open hIl ne,i" atrao with n fu liol f Books, Stationery, Notluonry, (r,nfaetiu"ry, fruitr, nto. alaars, r tlur , tnbeo, t nortig untl .ltory Ipal'r, mllt aulin.n Iudt othter perivtlcdics... Ali at f fll lit a .f oun mumn ,ollol Imnlu. md sl]at.. 25.It.T.'E" "EOO-dV . In connmwcioun for Inldies and gentilenmn, furnist:ed with both hltq and cold water, towmels, sponget and etc., otc. E MAIN ST., UN u IV TUX N.MW Exchange Sample Room! AND DILLIARD PARLOIS, Will ,ri l la nrl n ' to ta l ' .ablt. Thl niw mal.,n will !a.. will..tt tmnjt i on, th,, fii' ne'st In tilat 'larrtl ry, 'a tIa pr'ta)rlt.ol' a al ' p.tring nlL a el nt t s it illing i t u,. Only the finest brands of Liquors and Cigars will be Handled. - Billiard and Pool Tables. f. iPrivato Club Rooms, elegantly furnished at the disposaIl of patrons BLOSSOM & HASTIE, Pd.OPS. Main St., Sun River, Mont. Excelsior Saloon! C3.RADICR '& OHRI3STI0, Prope. The tnacat brandal. win, litgnr itv l ci.ar', ,a aiatlny alyaia hIan. llilllard, P l.oll and !!atalttle e lllnudsoqm lyrturnllwhd privtt t'h rout.l.. .M lnn.t., tun lllvtr. llt. Shaw & F'lorouc, Rouad. aGood accommodtatiuni for man nla ll Ieast. Bo, t liquor'. and cig ,r,. iv o:e t a call. lhsapLt., l Jou.N I. Sct.MIDTe 3earborin Oro1sinfg, """r ii..n"".t.' Also a line of General Merchandise EH' ard PIi r taror, Of Oraik & Robertson, Will be found a fine taisortmeint of winoc, liquors and cigars. Hull , Maloney, House and Sign Painters C('otrnat work aleltced anlla :tii fctlon uatrnnteed, TJ. A. W HIT E & In.O, Ll' hWill h,, flyh ,,luyhh' re, ,ta r lh,, a nre f t t,,f a! r Iit ahhzatl, ' )7lrd t Irk mIttl will reIelve prompt aIItaa rulta at latatioll, tifAia Suit liiver, Mint. Murray all \We hn' spnreld nn 1+x ,twie in th ittln l , of thre a b l, lttln ' Ilh ll, wh hch n ciheatl ddl rectly over our mamllmoth toro room We have complete new Scenery, aide expressly to order. Stag.e 24: &17. selating Oapo.ty, 500. Without qulattioh tlu l le publi il in th ('rrm.epndmrnc"' 4,lleltel from itMnnnors, I.,d ilirmp 11a1nd fi ll porties intO 'lot. (imroltle rtolwln iabh. Admro, DYAS & MURRAY. Mithell ZHouse, Ifond Prickly Penr ('non yo ltel.na nd Fort Fort l1Ioltln iiond. A oqonro monl, ntd i rlrel.n, oomfortulle lxl Ieo Ltiie itldumoemnot$ oinrcdl to trulvellr.. The best of Wines, Liquors and Olgars. 2.11 Gn Monta MITroIIInL, Poor. J. H. DUNLAP, lRCIlTECT AND BILDER, ('ontracts taken for the eroecil n of ill styles of bulldings. Job Work a specialty. Shop on ('arrol et., 5 Rliver, Mont. H. F. WELHOUSEER (iardr.enr and Donlir In I)AIRY and GARI)EN PRODUCEI f ).Iyou t in ndl on f Milk lllter or Vor.L il:lI, l. you will do wtll to givu 11m t1 C1ull. IkrkL1:y Lve., - Shn lirer. LUMBE CO., ('onstently on mond all kinds of BUILDING MATERIAL. ('nrp(tnterl anl ('Imtrsrtor will Iloiym f1ind( a goond mn uorll.tnt to awlett from. Sun River Yard in Ohnre of Ford Brothers. Subscribo for the Sun ltxven StU. ADVERtTISEMENTS. 2_sta~blishoa 1875. GEO. STEELL, -DEALER IN General Merchandise!l SUN RIVER, MONT. Brarich Store in Charge of Thomas L. GorIb4i Ulid ia, l ontaini. Constantly on hand a full line of Staple and Fancy Groceries LIQUORS, TOBACCO and CIGARS. . SHA v W shelfE Agricultural Impleme.,, Farm and prinag Wag Carria~ges, &c. ..? BairiedW- ire Fenciid Staple and Fancy Dry Goe,,, Clothing, Furnishing Goow. HATS AND CAPS, Rulbber Goods, I-arw ees -----.AND Sa dlA'e CIIIAB, CROCKEI1, 1I1PS, 6i"SS1AlF , F T, Paints, Oils, varnishes, &c., , DRUGS and MEDIC1M& Perscriptions Accurate .: This departmnent has recently been ki: store in this place and is in chargo of an e enced Druggist. Drugs and Medicines ca : tained and perscriptions prepared to b: .' vantage than by sending to either to I lE'. ' BENTON. L