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Sun River sun. (Sun River, Mont.) 1884-1885, December 04, 1884, Image 4

Image and text provided by Montana Historical Society; Helena, MT

Persistent link: https://chroniclingamerica.loc.gov/lccn/sn86075197/1884-12-04/ed-1/seq-4/

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, ! T. A COUNTY.
- *4 If ontan Stook Growers' Asso
elation elected me as Ereoutive Co
AItti or Choteau county. One of
'or . ll +, , efIt moenbership.
"I .'ltb times are ripe for such
Sto prove successful
beablt to every stook
aua.lltn nity of action muob good
will rt.«l +I *rneoeQy hope that
every itbik that thi~nks he will
et;,, 9lL th la iseUt his dneighbor, or the
I .oMubdatenests of Montana, will send
* alýi fee tPs, and beaome a
sf .Uo Mointot. ana Stock Grow
a M AM9lSUant B. & FOBD.
f s criwna orts Eghty
u n Iad oT ltlf Cattle
from Montana Ranges.
ThirtyAve c ar-oads of beet cattle
IIL It.v9 at Minnesota Transfer to
"jfoseae Btllings. This will, in all
lj be")he last of the North
e iN* l*ent' lopr theseason.
The ofoemrs of the road estimate
ithat upward of four .thousand oar
eidghty thousand head of acat
,ra_ _ ben shipped to Chioago
.- ttEbr inm d Wi estern Dakota
points. Compared with last season's
I. bndnso s this is an "in
ic . A:r1e ro,,,pet , .,. is
amhl desy e of s,000 bead over the
4 a, . wade at the opening of the
ire* or819 takes
sebam neae done last
were all onjqat.
The trains were
mooh to the
hauiber only two steers
at . large inmrease,
,4hq say they will do a
+busItes.- o During the
Styear they expect fully two
Sl tlbo tm d head will be ship
-: .ara;' d along this road to the
:", pslt tiot nattrail
somem ten oW a Texas to
-1 northern boundary line, will, they
aye, great ifioease the cattle busi
a .s of the Northwest. During the
pwsent yer it is, estimated that up
w heeo 4 0l,000head were riven over
Sali) Teas to Montana The
b.d ebfineut otf-a national trail will
a se.se this four-fold. This will be
owing to the rat that northern oattle
for fro' 10 to 14 more than
bred and raised in the south,
Owlng to the warmer ollmatq; it k
,atih easier to breed cattle in the
South,l and the yearly increase there
is always much greater than in the
Narth, where the cold weather has a
bad effect on the newly-born young
trs. This r being the onse large
stokmeae will breed their oattle in the
South, and then drive them north to
be fattied for market. The action
qthe on pn ow in seaeiqg in
t Loous islaiously looked torward
bb the railroadofll alr. BB. WiVil
on, live stock agt, is there in the
interests pt the company. The state
usunts made that cattle are badly
treated while en route to market is
strongly denied by the Northern Pu
,die osmolals. They say it is very
f fr' anyone to make such a
elbari ais all shipments are accom
paloml. by are di'.e.yJt nthe charge
of one or'+.rl pldu"tativos of' the
owners; an i t Is, of oourse, to their
advAntago to see that the cattle re
..eolve the best possible treatment, for
the better condition they are in the
better prices they command when the
market is reached. The society for i
toe prevention of cruelty to animals e
. taken this subject up. Among s
ether things, they insist that all cattle c
on route to market or the ranges must u
be lanedept .p~ every twenty
.; eight f3l ietttle shipped over the
Nor Pacifeare always landed1
twice in that time, and great care is
taken that no accident occurs when
leading or unloading. With each
train of cattle from three to six men
1e i.assed free, simply for the pur
pose of oaring for the cattle. At each
stopping place, whether siding or sta- i
,tiop, these men make a round of the
ears. They have with them long
tpolf ,i. a pteer is upon its knees.
will ak ,vi l sd4 to rest itself,
, jrai .p .uri~ght position to
o'p t Wff beUuPg trampled upon.
4. ear-load of west-bound cattle will
.average forty head, while a ear-load
ift sast-bound cattle willoaly aver~go
thirty head. West-bound eattle are,
ua s rule, one and two-year-olds, and
do qIR Ikde ap more than ono-half the
:, '. t ottetftor uaurket will.
9 '~ Pid ress. ý
Proesedings of a Meeting Held Here
on Saturday, the O2th ult.- Illegal
Branding of Calves Investl
gated.-Treasurer's Report
Submitted, Etc., Etc.
The Sun River Stocjc Association
Smot in Murray Hall last Saturday at
9 P. . The meeting was called to or
der by President J. D. Hogan. There
h were about seventeen members pros
I ent, besides a number of stockmen
- who were not members of the associa
tion. The minutes of the last meet
ing were read, approved and adopted.
The Treasurer's report was then read
1 by the Secretary, wLich showed that
s the assooation had $1,784.40 in the
I treasury. The Treasurer, Mr. Geo.
Steell, having failed in business and
having appropriated the money en
trusted to him as Treasurer of the As
soisation, and thatsuch funds having
gone in With the other assets for the
benefit of his creditors, he is unable
at this time to pay the sadl money or
any part thereof, but reported to the
Assooiation, through its Secretary,
that he would return the money as
soon as he could.
Mr. Thomas Clary suggested that
some action be taken by the Associa
tion looking to the recovery of said
funds, and that he did not consider
that Mr. Steell had any right to use
the Association's money in his busi
Mr. J. P. Ford thought that the
Treasurer had laid himself liable to
criminal proeecution by havingappro
priated to his use the funds of the
Association entruste. to him.
R. S. Ford advocated allowing the
matter to rest and take chances of Mr.
Steell being eventually able to pay it.
A motion was apde, however, and
passed by a vbte of the meeting, that
the Treasmmress report b~ referred to
the executive committee, and that they
be instoted to oousult a lawyer in d
the premises
The Beeretary then read a letter
from Granville Stuart, to the effect
that he and his partner, and other
members of their stook assoclation,
hadepant during the past .umme
$,900 in hunting down and hanging
horse-thtibes.and other outlaws; and b
sineo the extermination of these
thieves benefitted the members of the a
Suan River Association as much as
themsiIves, Ah respectfully ask a
donation of $200 to assist them in
continning'the good work. The As
soclation, under existing circum
stances, did not feel able to comply
with Mr. Stuart's request, but prom- t
'ised at some future time to do so.
Hmonk 8S. Ford, reported that he
had been informed that some twenty
six calves had been illegally branded
by the Montana Cattle Company and
asked that the matter be investigated.
Mr. George Barron, foreman for
that company, was called upon, and
made a statement, m which he a.
sorted that if any calves had been il
legally branded by his company he N
knew nothing of the matter, and that h
no calves had boon branded for the
company in his absence, except a few
at the company's lower ranch, near
the mouth of Sun River, and thought
that those few were branded after the L
general round-up.
B. S. Ford said it looked like a large
number of errors to be made in one
branding, and nothing to be known
about it.
Mr. Clary, captain of the Sun River P
north-side round-up, gave the
names of the owners and number of
calves claimed to have been branded
illegally, as follows: Floweree, 2;
Burkenbuel & Ellis, 2; Thomas Clary, v
8; Strong, 1; Frunell, 1; Vaugh, 2;
Hamilton, 1; and one calf, ear marked
only, following a cow with 75 brand. M
Mr. Ralston of Choteau, said that
he was on the round-up and had been
through the herds of cattle in which
the illegal branding had been reported
or said to have been done, and that he
was free to confess that he had never t
hoard of this alleged illegal branding.
R. S. Ford said that the Association
wished to hear both sides of the ques- I
tion, and that if it could be substan
tiated that calves had boon illegally
branded by the Montana Cattle Com- I
pany, by their foreman, that he would I
advise that the Association demand I
the discharge of Mr. Barron by the
aforesaid company, and that if the
charge could not be substantiated, he
would recommend and advise the
complete exoneration of Mr. Barron
by the Association.
SWallace Taylor said that he did not
advocate snoch careleesposs, yet did
I not think that Mr. Barron was thus
careless intentionally.
A motion was then made by Mr.
1 Ralston and seconded by John Lar
gent, that Mr. Barrou be exonerated
from all blame in the 'matter, which
motion was carried without a dissent
ing voice.
L Mr. Wallace Taylor asked that the
g Association, or that the members of it
. beldugiung to the north-ride round-up,
r, contribute towards keeping a range
o rider on the frontier for detective pur
I. poses, which they agreed to do.
11 It was also decided that a camp
d should be established on the lower
a Teton and one on the Missouri, to
L, look after stock and to poison wolves
4 during the winter.
,c A communication from Mr. Wm.
LI. Wyatt withdrawing his namne from
thro .4socti;ion roll was r'elld and ie
1. ceptod. He being a member of the
executive committed, Mr. Samuel
° Mitchel was nanied in his stead.
The meeting then adJourned, sub
ject to thn call of the President.
The Cost of liaising Cattle.
n A correspondent gives the following
t estimate of the cost of raising cattle
r- in Montana. He says: Take, for in
e stance, a band of 1,200 head of mixed
s cattle on a good range. such as can be
n found in any section of this country,
Sand the expense will be as follows:
Four men for three months in sum
mner, drawing wages at the rate of O40
per month, and one man the remain
Lt der of the year, which amounts to
e 1$840; then allowing $880 for provis
ions and incidental expenses, makes a
d total of $1,200. This ineludes the
' marketing of the steers and everything
' pertaining to the business. Or, you
g might put it in this shape-deduct
S$18.50 from the price of each steer,
" when sold, for the cost of handling
r the herd from whence he came. The
e cost of conducting a small herd is
much greater per head than that of
. conducting n large one thatis;sherd
of 2,500 or 8,000 head can be handled
with the same help that it requires to
handle 1,000 head; for this reason,
I the cattle in this region are rapidly
going into hands of large companies. e
Small stock owners, however, avoid I
this heavy expense to a certain extent t
in this way-by employing two men
three months curing the genial days 9
in summer, and leave them to them- a
solves in winter. For stock that is r
acclimated and accustomed to the d
range, the latter plan has been exer- n
eised with good results.
The country is now well organised o
with stock associations, which make L
the actual expenses of raising stock tl
comparatively small Until the last ,i
year or two stockmen in the northern
part of the Territory have found it
difficult to market their steers, as Bis- a
marck, their nearest ihipping point, ri
was a thousand miles distant, and af- a
ter driving their stock that distance,
they were not in as goodeondition for m
market as they wished to have them;
but now it is only a few days' drive
to the Canadian Pacific, where the
best of accommodations are to be had
at reasonable rates.
Wp have one association called the F
Territorial Asesociation, which is at
tended only by delegates from each of C1
the sectional districts. In connection
with this each range or district have
an association, which are numbered
1, 2, 8, etc. Each district is permitted .
to elect its own officers, and also to '
elect delegatee to the Territorial con
vention, wherein are discussed and -
adopted rules and regulations for the
subordinate associations. Stockmen
all belong to these associations, and
are in duty bound to protect the prop- C
erty of others, as far as it lies in their
power to do so, from any theft or foul
play. For instance, Jones hves in
district No. 1 and you live in No. 2.
Now; if you see any one driving off
his cattle, or hear of some one trying
to steal them, you are in duty bound
to prevent it if possible; and, if not,
to inform him of the fact, that he
may attend to the matter himself.
Likewise, if there are anyof hiscattle
missed on the round-up, and are left j
on your range, you are supposed to a
brand all the calves with his brand
and report to him, for which a com
pensation of one dollar per head is
allowed} and he is in duty bound to
do the same by you.
Cattle roam at large, without limi
tation or bound, all over our vast
grass-covered hills. They wander at
will through the piercing storms of
winter as well as the tropical days of
summer, unmolested save by the yelp
ing bark of the coyote and the twice
a yeoar shout of the cowboy.
A Cattle Bureau.
Except the St. Louis Cattle Con
vention was intended as a lark, where
the cattle owners could get together,
get acquainted and have a good time
(if the dispatches purporting to give
an account of their proceedings are
anywhere near full), we are bound to
say that the convention did not im
press itself upon the country as being
anything remarkable. This is a very
great industry, and it spreads over an
area sufficient for an empire. It em
braces a vast variety of climates, and
it extends from the level of the sea to
altitudes as high as can be climbed.
One thing which the convention neg
lected was in notorganizing a perma
nent committee, the duties of which
should be to give the cattle men
a weekly reports directly concerning
their business. Their reports should
include many things, among which
may be named the following:
1 The state of weather and condition
of cattle in all larts ef the west.
Any groat losses of cattle through
heavy storms, cold, drought, floods, or
E disease.
t The number of beeves absorbed by
the markets weekly, and an estimate
of the number of fat cattle on hand
The effects of cold, heat and damp
Ss disease-brerlorn.
r The differedt breeds of cattle on
o the ranges, and, from time to time
s statistics of the returns from the re
spectivo breeds, and the climates and
i. altitudes which certain broods seem
n best adapted to.
lThports of the roads which carry
cattle and which reoads deliver stock
I in the beet condition.
The above are simply samples of a
great many more that alight be fur
nished. Of course the daily journals
would be most glad to publish these
reports gratis, provided they could be
prepared by capable and honest men.
This committee, too, would be an
advisory board to which all cattle men
could appeal by letter for information
on any of the various points of inter
est to them. It would not be a very
expensive institution. There should
be.headquarters, probably in Chicago,
with two or three men in charge, and
there should be a capable man kept
travelling in each of the great stock
growing States and Territories. By
the time one year's reports were col
lected, the whole cattle business of
the United States would be familiar
to every cattle raiser.-Salt Lake Tri
Whereas, the ranges anre already
stocked to their fullest capacity, etc.,"
is the present formula, and it is get
ting so monotonous as to be lookedon
with suspilon} When a man owns
land and orderi off, it is considered
offensive and ,mean, although the
owner ought to have some claim, but
this range business is carried to an
extreme sometimes when a few would
like to control grass enough for ten
times their present stock. This
whereas businuss is too frequent to be
of use. It is a good thing made of
no avail because it is overdone on
ranges not carrying a steer to a hun
dred acres-Texas Live Stock Jour
nMontana seems to have been kit
out at the Stock Convention in St
Louis, in the election of a delegate of
the now National Cattlemen's Associ
British lords, American statesmen
and cowboys met on the level, had a
right cheerful time and parted on the
square at St. Louis; and the cowboys
were the jolliest of the jolly-erowd.
The "undmered offers for rent or rale her
,pwty in Luani ver, consisting of a comforta.
House and Three Lotb!
For further partleilarsecall"at this. oSee, or ad.
Helena & BentonStage Line
Coach for Helena leaves Sun Riv
er every evening at 8 o'clock,
except Synday evening.
Coach or Fort Benton leaves Sun
River every morning at 4 o'
clock, except Monday morning
J M POWERS, Manager.
NQ aputter whlih, the
Il your line. It will lake you in either direction
Valley City,
t Milnor,
t Lamoure,
Helena, Montana,
Deer, Lpdgp Butte, Missoula, Spo
kane talls, alla Walla,
e Olympia, New Tacoma, Soattle, Vic
toria, B. C., and all points in
British Columbia & Alaska.
e REMEMBER That the Northern Pa
e fle is the only line running
Day Coaches,
Pullman Sleepers
g Between
y St. Paul and Portland, Ore., Without
1 Elegant Horton Chair Cars are run
d between St. Paul and Fargo.
Full informitlon reard to the Northern Pa.
o elite can be obtained Fe by addressing
1. CHAS. S. FEE,
H. C. DAVIS, St Paul. nt
Aest, Gen. Pase. Agent
>r Advertise YourJ Stock Brands in the
Sun River Sul
ry (Otldegnf Helens and lu.,t)
(Vrom the e abrcd floca s of {co. Campb ull'a
Athese rams wore trlht to Mottasna the ist
* Ma y t n now rwel WcooImated and in oz
We also hays roe ros some pre bred hrop.
shire Iams from importoi stock.
We invito examination of our sheep and will
sell at prian to A m 80ON & 80N,
It. Denton or Great Fulls, M. T.
Livery, Feed & Sale
James W. Armstrong, Prop.
P.rtls irsitlng (ihotesu lderinl teiuewili
fnesi amt turnouts at this stable. Good rate
made to lanid seeklers sn plensure parties.
Special Attention to Feed
Sun River, Mont.
JAMES 0lB8, Prop.,
Corner Main and Second Streets,
Boarding by the day or Week.
Bird Tail House!
Best of aooommodations for the traveling pub
ic. Good stables atnd ots ad hay. Meals at ali
hours. -
Saloom and Billiard Hall attached.
Oive us a call.
JAB. LEE, Proprietor
Three tripS a wee cbweteen Sun
River and Old Agency; Tuesday,
Thursday and Saturday.
First Nat. Bank
Oa.pital, - • 100 000
Surplus, $70,000.
WM. G. CONRAD, Pres.
JoaN W. Powza, Vice.Pres.
ED. MACLAY, Cashier.
B. A. Luxa, Ass't "
Do a General Banking Business
Correspond oo Sulioteted.
S'Intartu allowed on tase deiosites...el.
nloteau House.
Old Reliable.
Best Kept House in
Jere S1ullivan Pron.
Th only raddIoallternal remcdy. Nverknown
to 'all in a win le ease acute or chronic. t excels
ho polsonous Uric Acid from the bloat, J[htlh
i tlo primo cause of rheumatlsm, gout and nen
ralsia. As a blood puritler it has no equal. Act.
The Old Reliable Specific
Endorsed by Phvyslcans and
Thousands of Patients.
on commo. sense lI-infples it erdicates from
the blood all polonous matter which causes die.
eases-it has besn.ln use for many years endcur
ed a l4r5er percentage of caes than any other
rndcy. Send for'testlmonial from the cured-
Bllicllia strikes dlr,,etly at the cause of the die
onses, while so many so arlled spooifles only
treat locally the effect. When you have trrlid in
vain il the "oils," "ointeneat," and "plo|
B cures," anti when your doctors cannot help you,
ds not diapair but take Salhe yllca at otnce and be
coured- No one c afford to live in pal und mise.
Gravel. Diabetes,
when Nalicylicn will rellovw hlii and put hlim in
condition to attend to his daily ovocationo,
S I a Box, 6 Boxes $5,
Blood Poinoning.
with full directions in en lnlguagoe. Bold by
,iriltgiete eveorywhere, or sent )y w mall preophl,
-a r<eelpt of price, WASHBURN it 0O.
S1? Ftwscwry, New Tneca
Notice to Stockmen,
The CANADIAN PAOIflC RAILWAY CoMPNY are now prepared to0,.
cilities for the transportation of CATTLE from
MAPLE CREEK, N. W. T., to ChCiti, It _llOi & Other EAITUl
Low rates, fast time and good attention to stock. Good
stations at regular intervals along the road. No duti.es '
stock can be sent through in bond without extra cost. It w ,,.
Stockmen of Montana to inquire into the advantages of this
Aderess ROBT. KERR, Gen. Freight and Pass. Agent
F GEO. HELDT, Veso.i
P. O. Address-Ft. Shaw, Ml.T.
RANOE"--South side of Sua miLrt
Als-,owme.oel brade.- n '
Horses brandeu on left shoulder, HIorse s b Id" S L
Alo owners of caUtle breaded
A. Pembrlie.
oreels brand esio as
of left ear of
dcalve brandid
uq to, 18gr.
lap on calves
s branded after
ed a on left lip.
d roren s brood
Vent-Ivorted R on left hip.
RAngo-Itwe-n Kootenai nd Belly river.
Addr.os-illsttret. Fort MaclTeod. N. . T.
square and compass on right h Mag
Mount Head Ranch Comany.
Horse brand
-HL connect
ala on left
shoulr der.
Gona.nsz Iato. Manr.ger.
Aloe owner of Heart brand on left tlagh.
Alex. Werk.
RAW.na-uWest iork It ,nithanver
PostOfllce Address-Ulldla, M T
Will H Clarke
RAxoa-Sun River
Alto owner of M brand on left shoulder
Welibroken s addle huormus, drau,aa andbuggy
teosa ulways utnhand sud for .aw ,.,,a, ty.,e.
reepu decneo ooitej. ,sddre'u A. U. UtLaraa.,
or WVLL it. CLA.tAKK. Helena.
We h5vo aplared no or. pense In the litting ttsi of
the, sbuvo asllultaml hull, whh-h is "ltautaed dl.
rectiy over our lllaananoth istore roomu
We have complete new Scenery, made expressly
to order.
E5om..t,. Oapa3aoty, 500-.
('sorrespundl, us-illsll fraicsa Mann aers, Lee
luror. r. - il [Prt i-, itrsa-t., lhars- s-crumn.
e'hd, Addr"aU DYA MURRAY.
"Horse brand;on leat ab.aUer.
F 8 Goss,
lowr ah"
Go leea
SAnimanl brand d ame as aborve a s
OVVr of L band on lift hip.
Ellis -& Berkeibu"e."
Post Ole~
dred , ia
hear asrf
Aalr aodn e
Pa le. W.
Also oemt
ltheb fdilJv
OUN on leIft rib.
N nn lelt hip.
Thomas Clary.
* aea4
Pet OI;
--FU"n left riba.
Ed. Mathews.
onlaft eaal . , I
1). O. AddN.-m
W. P. Turner&Sons,
Yearling Bulls For 8&,
PRIOE $80.00
Also owners of the following braand
Pon lift ribs.
WT on left slhoulder.
W on left shoulder
Ton left thie hi.
AONNGN-Maria0Vs Yaley. . 3a
V. O. Addrie-Yort Conrad, via n· se
David Churchill,
Also of 0.0O on left habeulder
IANoi--SLn River.
. 0, Address, Sun River.
Al Dupee
%RANCT' ,dtlit Forub hli.'rer.
p. ().. o;].!,,.,,, vr.ren.:', I i'

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