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Sun River Sun.
DAVID . AEtt.r...... .......... ... trr o 110. RUANKI.*................. * MAIAQGP rtBal, per Ti,. ltricUtIiAdsanc..... 3.co. Fao all over the country, from the Zast, the West, the North and the toath, aehea the cry, "Hard times." In the Enstern Stateso irin mills, cot +dn factorlei, and dozenof other man aftetries that have given employ ment to thouthiids of men and women, are now closing down or reducing twq.!rlpg force and production ne'hali. . e read the daily dis patches telling us of this, and wonder why it il so. Why these hard times that seem comfdon to every part of ar ountr?. It eannot be dtue to the gaclt.atthe election, is some might think, for that is too recent to have .6efteoted us atthistime. The cause dthis depression must be sought for Anther back. The assurance of a change of administration is scarcely re alized yet, and the policy of the new administration is not positively known. Perhaps, if we figured on the vast production of our country during the past few years, we might stumble on Ahe reason sought. It is said that, by the aid of labor-saving machinery, the producing power of our sixty million people has been multiplied until today we can do more work, and do it better, than three hundred millions of people could have done it in the days of Washington. One little girl can spin or weave more in a day now than a hun dred could'have done then; one man, with his hand on the lever of his en gine, can hoist more ore in a day than a thousand could have done mn the days when the Spaniards worked the mines of Peru and Mexico; one ship of to-day can carry more freight than a hundred such as used to navigate er sea coast of old, and can make a half a dozen voyages in the time oe cupied by the old-time crafts in mak ing one. By reason of all this we have a great surplus of manufactured goods in all our manufacturing coun tries. The warehouses of Great Brit ain are, like our own, full to over-flow ing, though the sun never set on her vast domain, and with her mighty commercial navy to bear her merchan dise to her distant colonies. In our own country we find that our agricul tural people are suffering from an over-supply. Labor-saving machin ery has made it possible for one man to do the work of dozeans on the farm as well as in the factory. Farmers cannot find a market for their wheat, because the laborer who helped to r.ow it does not eat--the laborer was a machine. The myriads of harvest hands that found work in the great wheat fields of the North and West are no more. Vheir places are sil, plied by 'the self-binder, thi reaper and the header. It is odd L,., t'e, a country suffering from too much rood, too much labor, and too much manu factured goods, yet that is what ails Uncle Sam's domain to. Look at home-look at Montana; go into the streets of any of our towns and count the idle men; go into our farmers' granaries and estimate the number of bushels of grain that lay there await ing a market. Ask the former why he is not at work and the latter why he does not sell his grain, and one will say, "I can find no work," and the other, "I can find no market"-over production in each case. Our nation in its upward rush to greatness has forgotten many things It has forgotten to educate its youth in those accomplishments which ena ble men to take a bit of almost worth less material and transform it into a gem. The youth who should have ncquired this and kindred ac complishments, as a man to-day, stands idle or works on a farm, and the gems of mechanical art which he should have produced areo purchased in foreign lands; and it is estimated that quite three million dollars anuu ally is sent away for them. Why is it that our commercial navy is the poorest in the world 7 Because our youth and young men will not "go down to the sea in ships." Our few ships are almost entirely manned by foreigners. When we build ships and man them with our young men, when' we establish trading stations and build up trade in foreign and loss enlightened lands than ours, and do not have to depend upon foreign slups to carry our merchandise to our cus tolbers, then we may begin to be fi nancially solid again. Tau following dispatch to the Chi cago Inter-Ocean shows the interest taken in the appointment for Govern or of Montana, but the classing of Captain T. P. Fuller among the "out siders" indicates that the sender of the dispatch does not know a:: much as he might: "Great pressure is be ing exerted for the appointment of an outsider to the Governorship of M0on tana. The whole question hinges oil the fears of the people that the capi tal will be removed under the next administration. They are iepecially opposed to the choice of a man fruom .west of the mountains. eologate Ma ginnis is without serious opposition on this score, having the general con fidence of all classes. The candidates from the Territory are Judge Knowloes, who was so narrowly defeated for Delegate to Congress; the Hon. Lee Mantle, editor of the Butte Inter Mountain; Col. Gecrge R. Eaton, an ex-army officer of Bozeman, who has large mining interests at Cooke City; Judge Hedges, Superintendent of Public Instruction for the Torritory; and James H. Mills, editor of the New Northwest- The outside appli cants are Gen. Dan Butterfleld, of Utica, N. Y.; Judge Howe, of No braska, who was also an applicant lately for First Assistant PostruA~ter General; Chief Clerk Walker of the Post-office Department; Thomas P. Fuller, Internal Revenue Collector for Montana and Idaho; and John Tooker, of Michigan. Delegate Mn ginnis is expected to arrive to-night and will call on the President and urge the selection of some one from within the Territory. Ex-Governor Crosby has also made an important request of the President to make a se lection from the list of Montana ap plicants, on the general ground that a resident of the Territory can give the best satisfaction." IT is probable that there will be a renewed attempt at this session of Congress to repeal the desert land law. The objection to the law is that it covers too many frauds, but we think that there are no more frauds practiced under it than under other land laws in force in this country. The trouble is that those who make our land laws know very little of the nature the country to which they ap ply. The laws are not generally adapted to the wants of the people, or the character of the land disposed of, so that the people who want land have to adapt themselves to the laws and in so doing necessarily warp them somewhat. Under the existing desert land law the Government gets more for its poorest land than it ever did for its richest in the great Missis sipi valley. It has sold millions of those richest land for 121 cents per acre, and in every case gets $1.25 per acre for all desert land. We fail to see how there can be any fraud on the Government in this. At most, only one man gets more land than they could without a law. The irrigating ditches contemplated are often imag. inary, but so far as our observation has gone in this direction, thelaw has added materially to the construction of many large, permanent and costly irrigating ditches. To repeal all the laund laws except the homestead act would work very disastrously to Mon tana. A large portion of our prairie land would never be taken up by homesteaders, as the cost of irrigating would be so great. There is no water on the land, nor does it, nor nill it ever, pay to construct separate ditches for each 160 acres. Much of our lands, if coverd with a fair supply of water, w ould be inceroesed a hundredfold in value. I:'rigating desert is full as ex pensive and of as much general utility as the drainage of swamps, and why should not the same method of dis posal apply to each? If the (General Government will give to Montana such lands as its own surveyoors roturn as properly desert, we would be will ing to answer that we would show better returns to the public good, than in the average of cases where swamp lands have been thus disposed of. If our pres.unt desert land act is to be r - pealed. let the Governmeont at least give the States or Territories where the deserts are, a chance to redeeom them to settlement and cultivation. If this will not be done, let the law stand and let our people adapt themselves to the law by organizing into large companies and let us have larger and longer ditches and fewer of them. AMoNo the bills before the Commit too of Whole in the House is ono granting the right of way to the Ciu nabar and Clarke's Fork lailroad company to connect the Northern Pa cific Railroad with the Clark's Fork mines. A similar bill has boon re porton by Senator Sawyt r and is ready for action in the Seunte. Ready for a vote in the House are bills nu thorizing the servico of civil and crimn inal service issued by Territorial courts within military and Indian reservations and the Yellowstone Niu tional Park; declarin , forfeited cort:in lands granted to aid in the construc tion of the Northern Pacific Railroad, and authorizing the Benton Bridge Company to build and maintain a bridge across the Missouri river. A measure affecting Montana people is the Senate bill for the relief of citi zens of Oregon, Washington, Idaho and Montana who served in connection with the United States troops in the war with the Nez Iorce Indians., and for the relief of the heirs of such as were killed in such service. This bill was reported adversely by the Com mnittee on Military Affairs in March last, but was called up a week later for reconsideration, tand stands on the calendar awaiting disposition. III the same status is a bill authorizing the Secretary of War to adjust and settle the account for arimn, ammiunition and accouttreiments hotweoo the Territory of Montana alid the Uinited Sltites. T. A. Wall is in town and is the hnp iest man in fur tornitoriens. Mrs. \Vall presented him with ia fine, bouni cing boy on the 24th inst --Preo:s. Sraxmrwo of hard times, let us'tigatb call the attention of our readers to a subject which has baen advodtied by us ilnce the first issue of. the Sue. We haro Ahown again and again-lhat thousands of dollars are sent out of this section annually for the purchase of pork, bacon, lard, cheese, candles and many other articles which are the direct product ofltho fart. Our far mers to-day have their granaries filled with gain they cannot sell, and yet our merchant's find ready sale, at enormous profits, for the above-men tioned products. 'Now, if instead of oats you had raised' wheat "barley, peas and corn, and haid aoqgIrotettrhe crop into p rk, chickohes and turkeys, you would now have something that would sell in any town iti MIbethnn, or which ,mighlt event be shippel East at a profit. Perhaps it is wtitl of our business, and perhaps our. farmer readers will say so and feel that they know their own business best. Well, we have said our say for tholast time, gentlemen, on this heads but our opinion is now, and always will be, that the farmers of Montana are largely to blame for the present corky times, not intentionallyof course, but through an oversight or lack of fore sight. The Cowboy band that made the music for the St. Louis Cattlemen's Convention, is probably the wealthiest band in the worldl. Their united for tunes exceed $20,000,000. Their mu ice may not be the sweeter for the sunrplus of "filthy lncre." We have heard sweet music from bands not half so rich. It is fortunate for us poor fellows that all the music and har mony of souls are not confined to the millionaires. The Crow Reservation Lease. WAIAsnxoTOx, Nov. 26.--- Mr. Magin nis, delegate from Montana, comes early to the city for the purpose of presenting to the secretary of the in terior the earnest protest of the people of Montana against the proposed lease of the Crow rest rvation in that terri tory to a syndicate of Colorado cattle men, who on account of the senatorial contest in Colorado and their promin once in that stlte, it is feared, have extraordinary influence with the Sec retary of the interior. Secretary Tel ler has emphatically placed himself on recold ngainm.t granting leases to cattle monopolies and barring out actual settlers. "There is ab yet no reason," says Delegate Maginnis, "to believe that he has changed his views, but these cattle companies have had their emis saries among the Indians. the Indlian agent has been in their hands, and they have confidently boasted that the secretary would not dare to refuse t he confirmation of the lease. The Indians would gain no benifit from the lease, because claims for cattle killed would more than equalize the amount of rent agreed to be paid by sylndiato. Three millions five hun dred thousand acres would be lo.ked up. The settler would never concur in this, and continued reprisals would Lo sure to bring on a war." Mr Maginnis says that Secretary Toller has always I ecn right on these questions, but with a lpending sonat orial election in the state it is feared that the influential Colorado syndi cate, which desires to invade the rights of another territory, may cause him to deviate from the policy to which he has hitherto adhered. If it does it will, in the delegates opinion, cause severe strictures upon the ad minstration aid be a source of pre sent trouble and bloodshed in Mont ana. ihot. A dastardly shooting affray occurred hero last Thursday night, in which Frank Marshall, son of a L. T. Mar shall. a boy of nlsmt 18 yours, was rc(iously wounded in the left foot. Yol:g Mu'r hlnll was on his way home, and in pas.ing back of Mr. P'oehett's house was conlfronoted by a man who covered Lhim with a revolver. In on cllavorijlig to got hold of the gun it 'as kntckt downwatrd and dis charged, the ball passing through the boy's in.tep, inflicting an ugly wound. The would be murdoaer or his motive is not known. Under the treatment of Dr. Lapulmo the victim is doing well. W e hope to be able to report thb ealpture and incarcoration of the criminal at an early date.--Maiden Argus. A couple of weeks since Acting Governor Tookor pardoned Elisha Roaeed, serving a seventeen years' son teonce in the penitentiary for the mur doer of Eugene Garland at Phillips burg on March 25, 1881. It is said that the petition for the pardon was signed by Martin Mauginnis, W. W. Dixon, Edward W. Knight, Joseph A. Hyde, W. B. HIundley, W. H. DoWitt, S. T. Hauser, and 26 others, and is conditioned on Reed leaving the Ter ritory within threeoo months, never to voluntarily return. Roed is one of the men who last sumner asked for a pardon on the ground that he had partially invented some valuable mt chines and deserved tin opportunity to bring them to perfection. We are in formed that the people of Dooeer Lodge county are considerably exercised over the pardon, as Road hal two fair trials, atind was convicted in bolth, atod the nmulrder wats generally considlorod without good cause. Those who wore in.truawettal in getting the p)tar'dol will probhalbly hear about it in the ft'. ture.- Misoulianu. .A fDVEBTI!F MENTS. NEW- ART STUDIO I Galcn Block, Main Street, Foot of Broadway, Eel.ez 1a, Mi -. amza. . Photographs, Crayon, Oil, and Water Color Portraits. ,MANAGER. READ THIS! mST'Am-.nemD 1 se e. LOEB & BROTHERS, MAIN STREET, HELENA,. -DEALER$ IN othig, Gent' Furishig Goods, California Blankets, AND UNDEROLOTHING. Boots and Shoes, Trunks, Valises, Hats, Etc. Messrs. Loeb & Bros ire offering nnpreeedented prices in their house. Having no rent or rnlesmen to pay, they give their customers the beuefit dt rived fromn the economical mannor in .whioh their establishment iv conducted. AKIN POWDER Absolutely Pure. Thils powder never varies. A mrvelof purity strenpth id wholt cmenog. More cerdnomnlc tllnn lhl onliianry kinds, and cunnot ha md in corap, tit o with thr o ultitudoof low teat. short woightd slur or phoplerte powders. leoldunly In can t. RO'YAL BUAsr Ii'OWDuI (Co.. 107 Wall ai., New York. DAN NETTEKOVEN, FT. SHAW, M. T.. repairs all kinds of WATCIIS, JEW'ELRY, &C, A spc'irtlty of watch repairing. Worn or broken parts of watches which have been ren.wed, will oe rcturned with watch. --Satisfaction -:- Guarauteed- THE EXCHANGE Finest appointed establishment in No'thorn Montana. None Bunt the Finest Goods Kept In Stock. Rocognized Headquartoans of the Sporting Fraternity. ELEGANT CLUB ROOMS Next door from Steell & Co. SUN RIVER Steam Laundry. MRS. WM. MORGAN, Proprietor. T'li proflrliteore' , of thelto v nhiennd Ihandry wolthl r.w,. j,'tlfelly nrtl u.lcu to to he people of tlls pIia hto e.t le will dl 1ISI-C1LASS LA[IIftY WOIIU, At reasonable rateo . Family Washing SATISFACTION Guaranteed, J. lhl C1T! lli'S RESTAURA'T Meals at all Hours. Tables Snuppllled with the best the market afn'rds at all seasons. Catering to Balls and Parties Spe cially attended to. John Devine's Block, Sun River. PATENTS O)bthiud, alRd all PATENT BU INISS at h.mo or ahrondl ttcld to for )IODEItATE kEEIr. Our ofik'. is oluut.t thu U1 N. 'uttt Otdirno, anId we unotn nJttailu/'0,'lt i lean tine tlln thou. romut •from WANMIINO'I'I)N I1ndl ,(II)Dl Oi D II)lrAWIN(i. Wui ndvloa uns to ', vilit< fo llof thrru;. l tol w i ('fAlt(} i F'I: UNLIS PI'ATIENT IN AI,.,OW'ND. W r fpr. hlro, to thu Postmurttor, the Supt. of Ml' ;,- ld.r Div., and to oilhliialhi of th U.i N. I'uti· (l1tt . FOor' ircuIlr iul dvlcr, tort., aUd rfliiiti,'o, to aetual cicirot il your own IoUttO or colluty, writo to ('. A. SNOW & CO, OppoldIt Patent OiltMr, W.shngton, D, C, .Geo. Vogt, GENERAL BOOT and SHOE REPAIRER. All repairing done in a neat and substantial manner. RO ' 3 .0 BLOOXK, SUN RIVER, MONT. J. M. WOOD, NERIIAL CARPENTER, CONTRACTOR, and BUILDER. All work entrusted to me will hbe faithfully done. SUN RIVER, MONTANA. King Bee Restaurant Ii now open to Receive Day Boarders. Tables Furnished With the Best in the Market. Travellers and day boarders will find this a good place to stop at. All JOE, Prop. H. F. WELHOUSER, (Gardener and Dealer In DAIRY and (ARI)IDN PROI)UCIi If you nre In ned of Milk, Ilutter or Vege. tolala, you will do well to give him a call. uorkluy ave.. kSun Rivor. Benevolelce and Charity! I wish to inform the citizens of Sun River rand vicinity thi I have obtained the permission of the Sweet By and JBy Club to open a lunch counter in their club rooms, known among the lroftne as Kel ly & Robinsons Salooo, where hereafter any one can obtain a square meal on short notice. Fresh O ters a spe cial;y. F Catr ot By By CluE, Chief Catoer Sweet By & iy Club Agusta Ezch:.n e! Craig & Sturmnan, Props. Finest Brands of Liu0o , Choice Imported Cigars, Fine Old Brandy and Whisky, Extra XXXX Wines, Etc., Etc. Good Billiard Table And Prlat Club rooms, Agusts, . Mont, L. L. MOORE & CO., ainufacturers of Wove Wire Beds, -Fpoi---. COTS, - u LOUNGOES, HOSPIAL BEDS, Family Beds. One-third Your Life is Spent In Bed, RODNEY ST., Helena, - , a t. For Sa1. by Goe.9t o!! ":^o. . IADYLi)I1 SEMENTS: Granite Bloc TLower stain Street - ..,- ,. dle e. It Kleinschmidt Bro.'s & C .. General Dealers in Groceries, Hardware :z' cloth ..', -e z.t' . . lHats, Caps, Boots and Shoes, Trunks, Valsi;, . 1[ GEST & CI(EAPEST1 HOUSE N .MOTAA, :"' Kliusohnmidt 3iMos'bi h N. B. Send us a list of such goods as you desire to bayo 5nm1 will name our lowost prices by return mail. JAMES GIBSON, -DIAL3R I.l Hardware, Cooking Stove kiE I T-ZROrT WTOV'CýSt, For Camp and Round-up purposes. . Tin and Granite-ironware, Forco-pumpl,, Rubber Hos., Gus.-pl i SHaw, Chisels, Augurs, Braces and Bits, Butts, 8trap .býes, , Locks, Dog Chains, Cattle Chains, Knives and Forh aad other l'able Cutlery, Saud Paper Meat Saws, Pad locks, Axes, Hatchets and Hammers, Coalt . Oil Stoves, Scrows and Nails, Et. Mail Orders receive Prompt Attentidn, UVN RIVER, MQITA. --RAND- UNION HOTEL! Fort Benton, Montana. THE LEADING HOTEL OF MONTANA. # The U. 8. Military rolegraph Office is located in Hotel. Finest and Latiest Hotel in the West Firnt-clnso vocommn dationn for travoljrn. aGed Nni,ngi ro.om. for ('ullnoHrrnl men. PFilln irrl l billird hell l in cou lcr. tion. Cil 'ruas rtsrunnuble IIunsberger & Travers. ! Ft. Shaw & Florense i ed. : m Good accommodations tor A-d and beast Biest liuoras and eigg e ea ive usa call. oa t -m z--u-v Livery, EED & SALE Stables I J. W. Nixon, Prop. The finest Turnouts in the Territory will be found at these Stables. Charges Reasonable Give me a Chil, H,; ntluo ,lcets oflfurr d to thl Trunnwort.y Driver wll be farmied wtib ~l Trcovlig.T lgtlic llir, a In lOr cloute Ctolu .- Outl wiht i dUtlrti c. by the day, wuui, or month. I lJreors boarded at reaeonable rs .a (or. inurkly Ave. & (arroll Sit. da .l t -t - ---- - - -` -- · --- -------- ---- Sun River Southern Stage L1Ze. JON, IIIDERfBlAND, PROP. Traneporte United Ctatea . Sai , lTwo per wook-Tuesday and l)rIl -bet a Puseneoer and L'sprseal end U d 5.. S.ael..Ia.m·, r-eorge Steell, Town Lots and Ranche Property For Sale: Correspondence Sollcited. Sun Rilver, Mont. LHaving purehased the business of Whig l.,.c R ouhlt reo;lpctfully announce that tbq Sill do wticlhing and ironing at lower pi' e tll their lpredlcesisor, and do better wotk. -----·-- - -.--- -- -·---- -~--..-.------~, Kissilpaw, Oarter&Co., CARTERIIVLLE, - - Y T. I.y Cuorrebpondence Solr ited. Thim rofe ýiona tonsorial arot I-. fully nuanoutue to the lo"l ' p,,rtuungo of th, 1ri, M . .. t........ .:. shampooing a epo cialty,. Ladl- . bs-rdrsss- - Town and Ranch Property for Sale. ' :- ': !:' . UN IVuI, M,