Sun River Sun.
DAVID . AEtt.r...... .......... ... trr o
110. RUANKI.*................. * MAIAQGP
rtBal, per Ti,. ltricUtIiAdsanc..... 3.co.
Fao all over the country, from the
Zast, the West, the North and the
toath, aehea the cry, "Hard times."
In the Enstern Stateso irin mills, cot
+dn factorlei, and dozenof other man
aftetries that have given employ
ment to thouthiids of men and women,
are now closing down or reducing
twq.!rlpg force and production
ne'hali. . e read the daily dis
patches telling us of this, and wonder
why it il so. Why these hard times
that seem comfdon to every part of
ar ountr?. It eannot be dtue to the
gaclt.atthe election, is some might
think, for that is too recent to have
.6efteoted us atthistime. The cause
dthis depression must be sought for
Anther back. The assurance of a
change of administration is scarcely re
alized yet, and the policy of the new
administration is not positively known.
Perhaps, if we figured on the vast
production of our country during the
past few years, we might stumble on
Ahe reason sought. It is said that, by
the aid of labor-saving machinery, the
producing power of our sixty million
people has been multiplied until today
we can do more work, and do it better,
than three hundred millions of people
could have done it in the days of
Washington. One little girl can spin
or weave more in a day now than a hun
dred could'have done then; one man,
with his hand on the lever of his en
gine, can hoist more ore in a day than
a thousand could have done mn the
days when the Spaniards worked the
mines of Peru and Mexico; one ship
of to-day can carry more freight than
a hundred such as used to navigate
er sea coast of old, and can make a
half a dozen voyages in the time oe
cupied by the old-time crafts in mak
ing one. By reason of all this we
have a great surplus of manufactured
goods in all our manufacturing coun
tries. The warehouses of Great Brit
ain are, like our own, full to over-flow
ing, though the sun never set on her
vast domain, and with her mighty
commercial navy to bear her merchan
dise to her distant colonies. In our
own country we find that our agricul
tural people are suffering from an
over-supply. Labor-saving machin
ery has made it possible for one man
to do the work of dozeans on the farm
as well as in the factory. Farmers
cannot find a market for their wheat,
because the laborer who helped to
r.ow it does not eat--the laborer was
a machine. The myriads of harvest
hands that found work in the great
wheat fields of the North and West
are no more. Vheir places are sil,
plied by 'the self-binder, thi reaper
and the header. It is odd L,., t'e, a
country suffering from too much rood,
too much labor, and too much manu
factured goods, yet that is what ails
Uncle Sam's domain to. Look at
home-look at Montana; go into the
streets of any of our towns and count
the idle men; go into our farmers'
granaries and estimate the number of
bushels of grain that lay there await
ing a market. Ask the former why
he is not at work and the latter why
he does not sell his grain, and one
will say, "I can find no work," and the
other, "I can find no market"-over
production in each case.
Our nation in its upward rush to
greatness has forgotten many things
It has forgotten to educate its youth
in those accomplishments which ena
ble men to take a bit of almost worth
less material and transform it into a
gem. The youth who should have
ncquired this and kindred ac
complishments, as a man to-day,
stands idle or works on a farm, and
the gems of mechanical art which he
should have produced areo purchased
in foreign lands; and it is estimated
that quite three million dollars anuu
ally is sent away for them.
Why is it that our commercial navy
is the poorest in the world 7 Because
our youth and young men will not
"go down to the sea in ships." Our
few ships are almost entirely manned
by foreigners. When we build ships
and man them with our young men,
when' we establish trading stations
and build up trade in foreign and loss
enlightened lands than ours, and do
not have to depend upon foreign slups
to carry our merchandise to our cus
tolbers, then we may begin to be fi
nancially solid again.
Tau following dispatch to the Chi
cago Inter-Ocean shows the interest
taken in the appointment for Govern
or of Montana, but the classing of
Captain T. P. Fuller among the "out
siders" indicates that the sender of
the dispatch does not know a:: much
as he might: "Great pressure is be
ing exerted for the appointment of an
outsider to the Governorship of M0on
tana. The whole question hinges oil
the fears of the people that the capi
tal will be removed under the next
administration. They are iepecially
opposed to the choice of a man fruom
.west of the mountains. eologate Ma
ginnis is without serious opposition
on this score, having the general con
fidence of all classes. The candidates
from the Territory are Judge Knowloes,
who was so narrowly defeated for
Delegate to Congress; the Hon. Lee
Mantle, editor of the Butte Inter
Mountain; Col. Gecrge R. Eaton, an
ex-army officer of Bozeman, who has
large mining interests at Cooke City;
Judge Hedges, Superintendent of
Public Instruction for the Torritory;
and James H. Mills, editor of the
New Northwest- The outside appli
cants are Gen. Dan Butterfleld, of
Utica, N. Y.; Judge Howe, of No
braska, who was also an applicant
lately for First Assistant PostruA~ter
General; Chief Clerk Walker of the
Post-office Department; Thomas P.
Fuller, Internal Revenue Collector
for Montana and Idaho; and John
Tooker, of Michigan. Delegate Mn
ginnis is expected to arrive to-night
and will call on the President and
urge the selection of some one from
within the Territory. Ex-Governor
Crosby has also made an important
request of the President to make a se
lection from the list of Montana ap
plicants, on the general ground that a
resident of the Territory can give the
IT is probable that there will be a
renewed attempt at this session of
Congress to repeal the desert land
law. The objection to the law is that
it covers too many frauds, but we
think that there are no more frauds
practiced under it than under other
land laws in force in this country.
The trouble is that those who make
our land laws know very little of the
nature the country to which they ap
ply. The laws are not generally
adapted to the wants of the people, or
the character of the land disposed of,
so that the people who want land have
to adapt themselves to the laws and
in so doing necessarily warp them
somewhat. Under the existing
desert land law the Government gets
more for its poorest land than it ever
did for its richest in the great Missis
sipi valley. It has sold millions of
those richest land for 121 cents per
acre, and in every case gets $1.25 per
acre for all desert land. We fail to
see how there can be any fraud on the
Government in this. At most, only
one man gets more land than they
could without a law. The irrigating
ditches contemplated are often imag.
inary, but so far as our observation
has gone in this direction, thelaw has
added materially to the construction
of many large, permanent and costly
irrigating ditches. To repeal all the
laund laws except the homestead act
would work very disastrously to Mon
tana. A large portion of our prairie
land would never be taken up by
homesteaders, as the cost of irrigating
would be so great. There is no water
on the land, nor does it, nor nill it
ever, pay to construct separate ditches
for each 160 acres. Much of our lands,
if coverd with a fair supply of water,
w ould be inceroesed a hundredfold in
value. I:'rigating desert is full as ex
pensive and of as much general utility
as the drainage of swamps, and why
should not the same method of dis
posal apply to each? If the (General
Government will give to Montana
such lands as its own surveyoors roturn
as properly desert, we would be will
ing to answer that we would show
better returns to the public good, than
in the average of cases where swamp
lands have been thus disposed of. If
our pres.unt desert land act is to be r -
pealed. let the Governmeont at least
give the States or Territories where
the deserts are, a chance to redeeom
them to settlement and cultivation. If
this will not be done, let the law stand
and let our people adapt themselves
to the law by organizing into large
companies and let us have larger and
longer ditches and fewer of them.
AMoNo the bills before the Commit
too of Whole in the House is ono
granting the right of way to the Ciu
nabar and Clarke's Fork lailroad
company to connect the Northern Pa
cific Railroad with the Clark's Fork
mines. A similar bill has boon re
porton by Senator Sawyt r and is
ready for action in the Seunte. Ready
for a vote in the House are bills nu
thorizing the servico of civil and crimn
inal service issued by Territorial
courts within military and Indian
reservations and the Yellowstone Niu
tional Park; declarin , forfeited cort:in
lands granted to aid in the construc
tion of the Northern Pacific Railroad,
and authorizing the Benton Bridge
Company to build and maintain a
bridge across the Missouri river. A
measure affecting Montana people is
the Senate bill for the relief of citi
zens of Oregon, Washington, Idaho
and Montana who served in connection
with the United States troops in the
war with the Nez Iorce Indians., and
for the relief of the heirs of such as
were killed in such service. This bill
was reported adversely by the Com
mnittee on Military Affairs in March
last, but was called up a week later
for reconsideration, tand stands on the
calendar awaiting disposition. III the
same status is a bill authorizing the
Secretary of War to adjust and settle
the account for arimn, ammiunition and
accouttreiments hotweoo the Territory
of Montana alid the Uinited Sltites.
T. A. Wall is in town and is the hnp
iest man in fur tornitoriens. Mrs.
\Vall presented him with ia fine, bouni
cing boy on the 24th inst --Preo:s.
Sraxmrwo of hard times, let us'tigatb
call the attention of our readers to a
subject which has baen advodtied by
us ilnce the first issue of. the Sue.
We haro Ahown again and again-lhat
thousands of dollars are sent out of
this section annually for the purchase
of pork, bacon, lard, cheese, candles
and many other articles which are the
direct product ofltho fart. Our far
mers to-day have their granaries filled
with gain they cannot sell, and yet
our merchant's find ready sale, at
enormous profits, for the above-men
tioned products. 'Now, if instead of
oats you had raised' wheat "barley,
peas and corn, and haid aoqgIrotettrhe
crop into p rk, chickohes and turkeys,
you would now have something that
would sell in any town iti MIbethnn,
or which ,mighlt event be shippel East
at a profit. Perhaps it is wtitl of our
business, and perhaps our. farmer
readers will say so and feel that they
know their own business best. Well,
we have said our say for tholast time,
gentlemen, on this heads but our
opinion is now, and always will be,
that the farmers of Montana are
largely to blame for the present corky
times, not intentionallyof course, but
through an oversight or lack of fore
The Cowboy band that made the
music for the St. Louis Cattlemen's
Convention, is probably the wealthiest
band in the worldl. Their united for
tunes exceed $20,000,000. Their mu
ice may not be the sweeter for the
sunrplus of "filthy lncre." We have
heard sweet music from bands not half
so rich. It is fortunate for us poor
fellows that all the music and har
mony of souls are not confined to the
The Crow Reservation Lease.
WAIAsnxoTOx, Nov. 26.--- Mr. Magin
nis, delegate from Montana, comes
early to the city for the purpose of
presenting to the secretary of the in
terior the earnest protest of the people
of Montana against the proposed lease
of the Crow rest rvation in that terri
tory to a syndicate of Colorado cattle
men, who on account of the senatorial
contest in Colorado and their promin
once in that stlte, it is feared, have
extraordinary influence with the Sec
retary of the interior. Secretary Tel
ler has emphatically placed himself
on recold ngainm.t granting leases to
cattle monopolies and barring out
"There is ab yet no reason," says
Delegate Maginnis, "to believe that
he has changed his views, but these
cattle companies have had their emis
saries among the Indians. the Indlian
agent has been in their hands, and
they have confidently boasted that
the secretary would not dare to refuse
t he confirmation of the lease. The
Indians would gain no benifit from
the lease, because claims for cattle
killed would more than equalize the
amount of rent agreed to be paid by
sylndiato. Three millions five hun
dred thousand acres would be lo.ked
up. The settler would never concur
in this, and continued reprisals would
Lo sure to bring on a war."
Mr Maginnis says that Secretary
Toller has always I ecn right on these
questions, but with a lpending sonat
orial election in the state it is feared
that the influential Colorado syndi
cate, which desires to invade the
rights of another territory, may cause
him to deviate from the policy to
which he has hitherto adhered. If it
does it will, in the delegates opinion,
cause severe strictures upon the ad
minstration aid be a source of pre
sent trouble and bloodshed in Mont
A dastardly shooting affray occurred
hero last Thursday night, in which
Frank Marshall, son of a L. T. Mar
shall. a boy of nlsmt 18 yours, was
rc(iously wounded in the left foot.
Yol:g Mu'r hlnll was on his way home,
and in pas.ing back of Mr. P'oehett's
house was conlfronoted by a man who
covered Lhim with a revolver. In on
cllavorijlig to got hold of the gun it
'as kntckt downwatrd and dis
charged, the ball passing through the
boy's in.tep, inflicting an ugly wound.
The would be murdoaer or his motive
is not known. Under the treatment
of Dr. Lapulmo the victim is doing
well. W e hope to be able to report
thb ealpture and incarcoration of the
criminal at an early date.--Maiden
A couple of weeks since Acting
Governor Tookor pardoned Elisha
Roaeed, serving a seventeen years' son
teonce in the penitentiary for the mur
doer of Eugene Garland at Phillips
burg on March 25, 1881. It is said
that the petition for the pardon was
signed by Martin Mauginnis, W. W.
Dixon, Edward W. Knight, Joseph A.
Hyde, W. B. HIundley, W. H. DoWitt,
S. T. Hauser, and 26 others, and is
conditioned on Reed leaving the Ter
ritory within threeoo months, never to
voluntarily return. Roed is one of
the men who last sumner asked for a
pardon on the ground that he had
partially invented some valuable mt
chines and deserved tin opportunity to
bring them to perfection. We are in
formed that the people of Dooeer Lodge
county are considerably exercised over
the pardon, as Road hal two fair
trials, atind was convicted in bolth, atod
the nmulrder wats generally considlorod
without good cause. Those who wore
in.truawettal in getting the p)tar'dol
will probhalbly hear about it in the ft'.
.A fDVEBTI!F MENTS.
NEW- ART STUDIO I
Galcn Block, Main Street, Foot of Broadway,
Eel.ez 1a, Mi -. amza. .
Photographs, Crayon, Oil,
and Water Color Portraits.
mST'Am-.nemD 1 se e.
LOEB & BROTHERS,
MAIN STREET, HELENA,.
othig, Gent' Furishig Goods, California Blankets,
Boots and Shoes, Trunks, Valises, Hats, Etc.
Messrs. Loeb & Bros ire offering nnpreeedented prices in their house.
Having no rent or rnlesmen to pay, they give their customers the beuefit dt
rived fromn the economical mannor in .whioh their establishment iv conducted.
Thils powder never varies. A mrvelof purity
strenpth id wholt cmenog. More cerdnomnlc
tllnn lhl onliianry kinds, and cunnot ha md in
corap, tit o with thr o ultitudoof low teat. short
woightd slur or phoplerte powders. leoldunly In
can t. RO'YAL BUAsr Ii'OWDuI (Co.. 107 Wall ai.,
FT. SHAW, M. T..
repairs all kinds of
WATCIIS, JEW'ELRY, &C,
A spc'irtlty of watch repairing.
Worn or broken parts of watches which have
been ren.wed, will oe rcturned with watch.
--Satisfaction -:- Guarauteed-
Finest appointed establishment in
None Bunt the Finest Goods Kept In Stock.
Rocognized Headquartoans of the
ELEGANT CLUB ROOMS
Next door from Steell & Co.
MRS. WM. MORGAN, Proprietor.
T'li proflrliteore' , of thelto v nhiennd Ihandry
wolthl r.w,. j,'tlfelly nrtl u.lcu to to he people of
tlls pIia hto e.t le will dl
1ISI-C1LASS LA[IIftY WOIIU,
At reasonable rateo .
J. lhl C1T! lli'S
Meals at all Hours.
Tables Snuppllled with the best the
market afn'rds at all seasons.
Catering to Balls and Parties Spe
cially attended to.
John Devine's Block, Sun River.
O)bthiud, alRd all PATENT BU INISS at h.mo
or ahrondl ttcld to for )IODEItATE kEEIr.
Our ofik'. is oluut.t thu U1 N. 'uttt Otdirno,
anId we unotn nJttailu/'0,'lt i lean tine tlln thou.
romut •from WANMIINO'I'I)N
I1ndl ,(II)Dl Oi D II)lrAWIN(i. Wui ndvloa uns to
', vilit< fo llof thrru;. l tol w i ('fAlt(}
i F'I: UNLIS PI'ATIENT IN AI,.,OW'ND.
W r fpr. hlro, to thu Postmurttor, the Supt. of
Ml' ;,- ld.r Div., and to oilhliialhi of th U.i N.
I'uti· (l1tt . FOor' ircuIlr iul dvlcr, tort., aUd
rfliiiti,'o, to aetual cicirot il your own IoUttO or
colluty, writo to
('. A. SNOW & CO,
OppoldIt Patent OiltMr, W.shngton, D, C,
BOOT and SHOE
All repairing done in a neat and
RO ' 3 .0 BLOOXK,
SUN RIVER, MONT.
J. M. WOOD,
All work entrusted to me will hbe
SUN RIVER, MONTANA.
King Bee Restaurant
Ii now open to
Receive Day Boarders.
Tables Furnished With the
Best in the Market.
Travellers and day boarders will
find this a good place to stop at.
All JOE, Prop.
H. F. WELHOUSER,
(Gardener and Dealer In
DAIRY and (ARI)IDN PROI)UCIi
If you nre In ned of Milk, Ilutter or Vege.
tolala, you will do well to give him a call.
uorkluy ave.. kSun Rivor.
Benevolelce and Charity!
I wish to inform the citizens of
Sun River rand vicinity thi I have
obtained the permission of the
Sweet By and JBy Club to open a
lunch counter in their club rooms,
known among the lroftne as Kel
ly & Robinsons Salooo, where
hereafter any one can obtain a
square meal on short notice.
Fresh O ters a spe
F Catr ot By By CluE,
Chief Catoer Sweet By & iy Club
Agusta Ezch:.n e!
Craig & Sturmnan, Props.
Finest Brands of Liu0o ,
Choice Imported Cigars,
Fine Old Brandy and Whisky,
Extra XXXX Wines, Etc., Etc.
Good Billiard Table
And Prlat Club rooms,
Agusts, . Mont,
L. L. MOORE & CO.,
Wove Wire Beds,
COTS, - u
One-third Your Life is Spent In Bed,
Helena, - , a t.
For Sa1. by Goe.9t o!! ":^o.
. IADYLi)I1 SEMENTS:
TLower stain Street - ..,- ,. dle e. It
Kleinschmidt Bro.'s & C ..
General Dealers in
Groceries, Hardware :z'
cloth ..', -e z.t' . .
lHats, Caps, Boots and Shoes, Trunks, Valsi;, .
1[ GEST & CI(EAPEST1 HOUSE N .MOTAA, :"'
Kliusohnmidt 3iMos'bi h
N. B. Send us a list of such goods as you desire to bayo 5nm1
will name our lowost prices by return mail.
Hardware, Cooking Stove
kiE I T-ZROrT WTOV'CýSt,
For Camp and Round-up purposes. .
Tin and Granite-ironware, Forco-pumpl,, Rubber Hos., Gus.-pl i
SHaw, Chisels, Augurs, Braces and Bits, Butts, 8trap .býes, ,
Locks, Dog Chains, Cattle Chains, Knives and Forh aad
other l'able Cutlery, Saud Paper Meat Saws, Pad
locks, Axes, Hatchets and Hammers, Coalt .
Oil Stoves, Scrows and Nails, Et.
Mail Orders receive Prompt Attentidn,
UVN RIVER, MQITA.
Fort Benton, Montana.
THE LEADING HOTEL OF MONTANA. #
The U. 8. Military rolegraph Office
is located in Hotel.
Finest and Latiest Hotel in the West
Firnt-clnso vocommn dationn for travoljrn.
aGed Nni,ngi ro.om. for ('ullnoHrrnl
men. PFilln irrl l billird hell l in cou lcr.
tion. Cil 'ruas rtsrunnuble
IIunsberger & Travers. !
Ft. Shaw & Florense i ed. :
m Good accommodations tor A-d
and beast Biest liuoras and eigg
e ea ive usa call. oa t
Livery, EED & SALE Stables I
J. W. Nixon, Prop.
The finest Turnouts in the Territory will be found at
Give me a Chil,
H,; ntluo ,lcets oflfurr d to thl Trunnwort.y Driver wll be farmied wtib ~l
Trcovlig.T lgtlic llir, a In lOr cloute Ctolu .- Outl wiht i dUtlrti c.
by the day, wuui, or month. I lJreors boarded at reaeonable rs .a
(or. inurkly Ave. & (arroll Sit. da .l t -t
- ---- - - -` -- · --- -------- ----
Sun River Southern Stage L1Ze.
JON, IIIDERfBlAND, PROP.
Traneporte United Ctatea . Sai , lTwo per wook-Tuesday and l)rIl -bet a
Puseneoer and L'sprseal end U d 5.. S.ael..Ia.m·,
Town Lots and Ranche Property For Sale:
Correspondence Sollcited. Sun Rilver, Mont.
LHaving purehased the business of Whig
l.,.c R ouhlt reo;lpctfully announce that tbq
Sill do wticlhing and ironing at lower pi' e
tll their lpredlcesisor, and do better wotk.
-----·-- - -.--- -- -·---- -~--..-.------~,
CARTERIIVLLE, - - Y T.
I.y Cuorrebpondence Solr ited.
Thim rofe ýiona tonsorial arot
I-. fully nuanoutue to the lo"l '
p,,rtuungo of th, 1ri, M . .. t........ .:. shampooing a epo cialty,. Ladl- . bs-rdrsss- -
Town and Ranch Property for Sale.
' :- ': !:' . UN IVuI, M,
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