Sut RivEiR S N.
pIDLIHRDt KVRIIY TIIT.1INDAY AT
Sun River, Montana Territory.
pmySIECIAN AND BURGEON.
La River, " Montana.
IIAA0 D. MoOUTOHEON.
Wll loe gpeilal attewnrtion to ro1binessaoing,
the UuOti d ttun Lan Office.
,lIgI OALUK OLOOC. UCLRNA.
THOMAS H. OARTEA,
e: Main St., Footof BDroadway, eleaa, M.T,
DR. A. F. 001,
readW,. Helena, Meot.
(Alova HERALD OFiIcz)
JOHN W. WADE,
g, I. 3parTT LAND AND MINEUAL rinTEom.
Ordes for land surveylng at Bun River and vi
0lt ill reeive prumpt ttentlon.
Co. roedwa JaLac , ele
NOTARY PUBLIC A U. 8. LAND ATTY.
Isrvolla promptly attended to.
aBAaTUa D. RDOIrTON. RLIRT D. WID .
EDOERTON & WEED,
the'law of .m. a, sltat and water
rdllhts made a specialty.
NPAROUE SWLOK--COR. MAIN AND gORADWAT,
HELENA, M. T.
O O. MORTSON,
L3 Notary Public,
HAND COOLE., M.T.
Lepaulostrments of every deecrlption proper.
DR. WA ALLEN,
The doetorahu at Ihe soliitatilon of nnmheor
of our itisens, decided to makeo ,eriudrial velti
to Bun iver. Due notice will be given.
[Texs 81ftinf l,.1
During the war for Txas indepeln
dance, there was no battle or fight in
which the Mexicanns did not suffer
losses in killed and Wounded out of
all proportion to those which they in
flicted. Some writers have intimated
that the Texan-s exaiggerated the losses
of th, MIexicaus, Ilbut in this they are
r;i tll. 'The grie:ttlosses sustained
by the M.xiciu,.; ar,, tapable of a very
imple explanation. The Texans wore
men, for the most part, from the south
ern and western states. They were
unerring marksmen. They were ac
customed to handling the rifle from
boyhood up. Meon who rarely missed
shooting off the head of a squirrel,
or a wild turkey, were not apt to miss
when they fired at Mexicans.
On the other hand, the Mexicans
know nothing about the rifle. They
were armed with bell-mouthed blun
derbusses, called nesopetas, which
bore wide of the mark, even at a short
distance. When they came into con
flict with the Americans they did not
fare any better than did the British
veterans at New Orleans, or more re
cently in the Transvaual. This explains
why some of the Mexicans ran, and
also why some of them did not run.
When Gen. Cos, who was captured
at San Jacinto, was asked, when a
prisoner, at Galveston, how he came
to surrender a fortress with 2,500 reg
ular troops at San Antonio to less
than 850 American civilians, without
discipline, and almost without oflicers,
"Why, sir,- what could I do? We
could not even show a finger but it
was shot off. My men could not stand
it any longer. They would have as
soon fought the devil himself. I had
Some of the old inhabitants of San
Antonio still remember the pile of
skulls in the Mexican eameo santo,
west of the San Pedro creek. They
were the skulls of the Mexican sol
diers who fell in the fight on the Sal
ado with Capt. Caldwell's men. Al-,
most every skull was perforated with
a rifle ball.
The following graphic description
of one of the many battles that were
fought around San Antonio, will con
voy an idea of what a terrible weapon
the rifle was in the hands of the men
who made the names of San Jacinto
and the Alamo immortal.
"But of all the fights that over I
was in, give me the battle on Concep
tion, or, as it was better known at the
tim~e, 'the battle of the Horseshoe.'
It seeous now to be quite forgotten at
hoam, and was never known of abroad.
The capture of the Alamo made eo
mnuch noise as to completely swalrp
the glory of my pot scrimmage.
"The truth about the battle is this:
Ilurlison,with eight hundred men, had
t:tkon post on the San Autoneo river,
'"lnr dlistance below the town, and
'" 'A' he lay waiting for reinforce
nmots before he should attack a place
that, defended, by as many Americans
as it had Mexicans. would have boon
"It was deemed advisable to ad
vatlce nearer upon the town, and ac
cordingly volunte.rs woere called for
to'reconnoitre the country about the
enemy's position, and toysearch for a
safe and convenient spot for the army
to advance and encamp upon.
"Ninety-two men stepped forward,
and I among them. We were ordered
to proceed up the river until within
six or seven miles of San Antone, and
after selecting a proper spot, to return
before night. The army was to march
and take up their new position on the
next daty. So off we started, every
man upon his own hook, for although
we had those among us who after
wards distinguished themselves as of
ficers, yet with the exception of an
old Indian fighting general, no one
assumed any particular command. We
had special orders to avoid any col
lisiotn with the enemy, and to retreat
at any symptom of danger. As the
men, however, were fairly 'froze for a
light,' there was little chance of their
orders being obeyed, if fortune should
send the Mexicans our way.
"Not finding any within the pre
scribed distance, we determined to ad
vance nearer upon the town, and push
ed on until we found, near the old
Mission Conception, and three miles
from Bexar, as lovely a camp-ground
as ever fell to the lot of weary soldiers.
A bend in the river, known as the
'Horse-shoe,' had upon its shore a
piece of bottom land, above which the
prairie rose like a line of wall, so as
to form a perfect breastwork, and al
though the latter was no more than
four feet higher than the 'bottom,' yet,
as it curved around on either side un
til it met the river, a better position
could hardly be conceived of. Wood
and water on the spot, the river for
our rear defense, and the prairie wall
for our front, no wonder that we gave
a cheer when we found it, and no won
der, either, that we determined not to
return to the main body, but to send
back two messengers, and for our
solves, to camp for the night and await
"All notion of fighting passed away,
and we foolishly imagined that our
present situation was unknown to the
enemy. We were about as wise as the
silly bird that hides her head in the
hush, and thinks herself perfectly
safe until a fire in the rear convinces
her too late of her error. We had not
been in our now camp more than an
hour before Mbexican women began to
come in, with 'polonces' and 'tortilas'
for sale. We bought of their ware:s,
and they immediately after leaving
camp, went up to Boxar and reportedo
our exact number. I found after:
wards that they had stated our force
at ninety-two, which it was at the
time, although two men were subso
qunottly sent back to Burlison.
"Night drew on. We made our fires,
cooked our suippers, eat, drank, mnoked
and waor merry. A guard was set,
and one by one the rest departed for
the land of Nod. Although camped
on i 'bottom,' I slept like a top. To
wards morning my neighbor--I al
most said bed-fellow, for our blankets
touched- grasped my log gently, and
woke me uip.
"Ill ;t!' he said in a low voice.
"'What is it?' inquired I, in a half
sleep and thoroughly cross tone.
"'Hush, for your life!' he replied in
a whisper; 'listen, do you hour any
"Like Bottoms, I was all ears in a
moment. Above the noise made by
the rushing waters at our feet, I hoard
a mournful and dismal sound, as like
the low -noan of a dog as anything
that I could compare it to.
"'Pshaw!' said I, 'its nothing but a
wolf or a hound.'
"'Yes,' replied my companion, who
was no other than the noted Colonel
Bowie. 'Yes, you are right; there are
wolves about, but the sound you hear
is the creak of artillery wheels.'
"'Let us alarm ourmen immediate
ly,' said I.
"'No such thing,' he answered;
'keep still; those rascals are on the
opposite side of the river and they ex
pect to surprise us. Let them think
so, if possible, until they make the at
tack. That wheel has saved us. You
1do not hear it again, and you will not,
for if they have no means of quieting
it, they'll send back for grease. I'll
bet now that those wheels are bound
round with straw or rags, sand that
the horses' foot are covered with cloth
or buckskin, to prevent any sound
from reaching us. Unless something
goes wrong with themr when they ford
the stream, you will hoar nothing
further until the artillery speaks.'
"It was a fortunate thing for us that
they were obliged to cross not more
than '200 yards below the camp, for
had they come down on the prairie
side, we would probably not have
hoeard them, as we would have boon to
"Bowie went cautiously about the
canp, and arousing a few old scouts to
help him), soon had every man in camp
awake and prepared, without the least
noise being made in the premature
"We spread ourselves entirely
atounid our small piece of bottom
land, facing the prairio, knowing that
thence must come the attack. iros
ently we heard the enemy cross the I
river. Had our senses not been sharp
ened to the utmost by a knowledge of
the impending and imminent danger,
we probably could not have distin
guished the slight noise attending i
their crossing, from the rushing sweelp
of the river; but so preteornaturally !
acute did our hearing hecomn,,. that
the low -toued words of omnmand
could be distinctly separated from the
other surrounding sounds. 'The.re was
just air enough to convey the slightest
noise to us without there being suf
ficient to disturb even a leaf.
"At last they were all over, and then
slowly and carefully did they march
round to take post on our front, pre
paratory to their intended attack. We
could hear them range themselves, but
a thick mist was rising from the river
and everything was by this time con
cealed from our eyes. We could even
hear them unlimber the cannon, and
were very sure that they were in reach
of our rifles. What weary moments
were those, as we lay, silent as the
grave, expecting every instant to hear
the roar, and feel the hurling storm
of their artillery. But the fog had
disconcerted them, and although it
was but little past 8 when we were
first alarmed, the ruddy tint imparted
t, the dense mass of vapor, now told
us plainly that the sun was rising.
"Never can I forget that weary
watching, but its prolonged anxiety
was as nothing tothedreadful feeling
of suspense we experienced when the
fog commenced lifting, and we could
see the feet of the horses and the
lower part of the wheels of the artil
I lery. At this moment word was whis
pered cautiously through the ranks
for each man to pick out his mark,
and to fire from a rest, at the word of
command. Higher and higher the
fog drew up. It was evident that the
I decisive moment was at hand. Offic
ers passed in front of the line of horses,
"'Take a tree.' whispered Bowie to
me; 'take a tree, the nearest one to
our breastwork that you can.'
"A cool breeze fans our fevered
cheeks; dense mass of vapor rolls up
as a curtain; there stands the horse
fully revealed, there are the cannon,
there the gunners whirling their
matches, there the trumpeter with his
instrument already at his lips to sound
the charge. All this we saw, but only
saw it, for at this very instant the
matches were extended towards the
cannon, the horsemen drove their long
rowels deep into the horses' sides, but
ore the iron storm hurst forth, ere the
horses had made the first leap, or the
trumpeter blown his first note, a sten
torian voice from our ranks shouted
"Down went horse and rider, d(own
gunner and trumpeter, and riloe hall
and grape shot met careering in mid
air. The confusion in their ranks was
indescribable. Checked in full career,
the horses wheeled and ran; every
man at the guns was shot down, and
for a mothent we thought the contest
was over. But no; they know our
numerical weakness too well, and hav
ing again formed, here they came
dashing up in splenldid style. The
strife was now to obtain the mastery
of the artillery. We dared not take
them, and determined that they should
"'Fire it to them in the face and
eyes, boys,' shouted Bowie, 'neverl
mind their backs.'
"Up they came, and just as the lead
ing squadron reached the guns, down
went every mian of the front rank, and
away went the rest.
"Another charge, and the same re
sult; then came a bold attempt to
withdraw the cannon without our line
of fire, and here more courage was
exhibited than I have ever seen in
Mexicans since. They surrounded
the guns, dismounted some men, and
absolutely gave us a harmless salute;
but again every artillery-man bit the
"The enemy, forced to abandon their
field-pieces, once more retreated, and
their officers evidently held a long
and warm consultation, in full sight,
but out of our line of fire. Some of
our men wished to make a rush for
the cannon, but to have been caught
on the prairie would have been de
struction, and the proposition was de
"The enemy were in trouble; the
men had apparently had quite enough
of it, and we could see the officers
whipping them into rank with their
"On they came again, and as they
draw near, Bowie's voice is hoard once
"Steady, boys, steady! Wait your
"We did; and I firmly believe that
throe out of four of our shot told.
The destruction was awful; no Mexi
can could stand it. As they broke in
confusion, a man-the sergeant major
-dropped from his horse, hammer in
hand, and endeavored to spike one of
the guns. He fell, shot through the
head. Our men, no longer to be re
strained, now dushled out up)on the
prairie, seized the guns, and the tight
"Had they donothi.; before the enoe
my were thoroughly dishoertened and
cut up, not one of us would have lived
to have told the tale, but all the light
was fairly taken out of our foes.
'iThe field was won, with no greater
loss upon our side than two men
slightly wounded. Bowio approached I
"'Colonel,' said he: 'I believe this is
your first light. What tree did you
"'I could aot tell fortho life of me,
"'Come with me, and I'll show it to
you,' he answered, and taking me a
few steps pointed out a sapling about
six inches through. 'A pretty shield
for a full-grown man,' said he, and I
thought so, too.
"We did not wait for another visit
from our Mexican friends, but, hav
ing spiked the cannon, we threw them
into the river, carried off the aumu
nition, and made the best of our way
back to Burlison's camp,."
The Tramnp and the i'oker.
A good story comes from Troy, Lin
coln County, which is told at the ex
pense of a landlord whose love forthe
exciting game of poker caused him to
part with a well filled wallet one night
last week. Having ordered a load or
two of cord-wood from a farmer, the
latter in due time delivered the same
in front of his customer's residence,
when not long after a seedy-looking
individual ecane along armed with a
saw and buck and securing the job
went to work in dead earnest, for
which he was to receive the muniflcent
sum of $1. Accomplishing the task
just as the bell rang for supper, he
was asked to partake of the meal,
which invitation he accepted without
much pressing. Supper over, he was
paid the dollar for the wood job, and
loitering around the store he heard
his benefactor invite several friends
there to join him in a friendly game
of poker, to which they readily as
sented. The heaver of wood looked
complacently on the game for a time,
and addressing himself to the host
requested the privilege of taking a
hand, saying that although apparent
ly destitute, he would blow in the dol
lar, and adding that cards were the
cause of his present degraded position
All advice on the part of the play
ers for the follow to hold on to his
only dollar proved unavailing and
filally he was admitted to the game.
In a short time he found his winnings
swelled to 850, when, exasperated,
one of the party raised the pot to
$200, thinking by that means to freeze
the fellow out. Going down in his
boot-leg he pulled forth a roll and
covering the bet, soon found, to the
dismay of the crowd, that the "boo
die" was again his. A scone followed
which at onu time promised to become
a cause colobre at Troy, but tre cheek
of the wood-sawyer carried himi suc
cossfully out of the woods. ieo was
sarrounded by the crowd and threat
etied with death, arrest, cremation,
pulveriziang anttd even a dose of dyna
mnite did he not return their money.
Did he do it? Not at bit of it, but
drawing a pair of Smith & \V'essons
he defied themt all and threatened the
"whole crew" with arrest for running
at gambling house. No arrests were
made, and the tramp taking the train
for St.. Louis bade the Trojans at gon
tlo "ta-tat, au revoir," until next time.
- St. Louis;'lobe-Domoernlt.
lie Let Go.
The janitor of the Dimo Museum,
on Market street, was dusting oil the
anacodlllas early this morning, iwIhen
a woman appeared leading a man who
had evidently just finished tinting
the bailiwick a dark purple. "Come
in here a moment, dear," said the wo
man, coaxingly. "Ain--hic-got 'imo,"
hiccoughed Ihe frightful example;
"got ter-hic -- moot man down town
--him--in or important biz." "But
I want you to look at some bologna
sausage before I buy it," and dexteri
ously paying the door-keeoper, she
steered her worse half up in front of
the boa-constrietor case. "Those look
nice, don't they, George?" The rat
tied citizen glared at the serpents,
clung to his wife's arm and muttered
huskily, as he wiped his brow with
trembling hands: "Are--hic--are
those sausages--hic--Maria?" "Why,
of course, dear. How many shall we
get?" With a hollow groan the mis
erable man started for the door.
"Take me home, Maria---take me home
and send for the doctor! I'm going to
swear off this time for good! It's
time for me to lot go!"--San Francis
Agreed at Last.
A well-dressed gentleman on Madi
son street car was invoighing against
roller-skating rinks, declaring that
they were devices of the devil and
that he would like to see them broken
up. He would head a subscription
for the purpose of making war upon
them at any time, and if $100 was
not enough he would double it.
Pretty soon another gentleman
standing near him joined in and said
he held the same opinions himself.
As he was starting a movement against
the rinks he was glad he met him and
would like to have his name. The
other accomtmodatod him.
"W\hat is your businoes?' asked the
"I'm a salouon keepor. WVhat's your
"\ oei ahoom-! I'm proaching just
European business circles are very
much disturbed over the strained re
lations Ibtween England Russia. Ex.
T. J. Edwards of Sterling, Kansas,
sixty-seven years old, was shaved for
the first time in his life on inagurntion
day. He still lives.
The Savannnh, Ga., people paid 1
i thousand for their gas a few years
ago, and now they got it for 50 cnuts
a thousand. Competition.
Joseph Mansfield of Orandin, Dak.,
chairman of the farmers' committee
of the lRed river valley, nud editor of
a farmers' paper called the Investiga
tor, has become insane. He fled from
Bismark to Valley City, because he
feared somebody was going to kill
Deeds, Mortgages, Contracts,
and all Le a Instruments
Colloct0los lade For Non.Resldent.
Authorlisd to take Final Proof in land case
and naturalist foreign born citizens.
BUN RIVEIR SUN OFFICE
Near Ft Shaw, M. T..
The Ureullne Nuns have lately opened a schoeol
tlntt. Petor'Mst dion for the youngut rIr of the
plete educatIon is ao'loed by tisl inuttutl'on
Terms: 810 per molth; Tuition
free. Music Lessons U5 a month.
For further particulars apply to
Rev Mother M, Amadeno Superlior,
FT ISAW, MoI.N
A borrdinse'sbool for bo.s has slso been oato n
at t ise in under dlrectlnoftle
The object of this institution is to afford
means of solid mental and moral educ.
TElWtM Tui tion free. Board $t per month,
Apply to REV J. DAMIANI, , o. J r
"OLD AND TRIED"
HELENA, : MONTANA.
Aggregate assets represented over
Among other companlia- Mutual Life of New
York. Travelers' (Aceident) of Ilartford,
A Ilrrpooland London arni lobes
(Fire) Insurance Co. of Norh America,
a uom of New York.
J. P. DYAS Loatl agentL.
Agut t&E Exch.tge
('raig & 'Sturman, Prope.
[Finst Brands of Liquos,
Choice Imported ('igars,
Fine Old Brandy and Whisky,
Extra XXXX Wines, Etc., Etc.
Good Billiard Table
And Private Club rooms.
J. l,. c(1OTIIELL'S
Meals at all Hours.
T'ables Suplllied with the best the
iatirket affords at all seasons.
('attering to Balls and Partices Spe
cially attended to.
John Devine's Block, Sun River.
Finest appointed establishment in
None But te Finest Goods Kept In Stock.
Recognized Heodquarteas of the
ELEGANT CLUB ROOMS
3oext door from lotell & Co.
J. M. WOOD,
1 All work entrusted to me will be
sa ithfully done.
SUN RIVER, MONTANA.
H. L. HULL,
Sarpenter, Contractor &
lWihe to, inform the pulhii' that Iln will ron
Ontlo to |[email protected] c'Oiiah t itlald other gtnoradl Jihlo ig.
SPlhano ad op',iticntlo u furoisldd nds ttl/furc
tion gunrutued. A rr. ., 1M .
Snow F!akE e Laundry,
Wnashing and Ironina doito on short notice.
Y FAMILY WASHING A SPECIALTY;
SA tir.ion (I;uartaltood. Prices ltRemnnolll
U*I5Ht W W IEVANH, INtrg.nt Ht., Pulln Rivr.
Reduction in Prices.
I THE -
Having Charge Steell & Co.'s
Store, a Offering Goods at Special Prices
JNO. T. ATHEY, AGENT.
Livery, FEED &SALe Stables!
J. W. Nixon, Prop.
The finest Turnouts in the Territory will be found at
Give me a Call,
TBpteal! ondneo nte offered to the Truetwortb Driver wllbe r mleed with ie
Travolng t'ulbiti, and'f Tornoute furnl out. when ired.
by the day, week or mouth. Hlorse boarded at reasonable rate.
Cor. Ilerkflr Ave. & Carroll t. Bas rvle, L .
Ktsselpaugh, Carter & Co.,
Would announce to the people of Sun River and the surrounding coun.
try that they have opened a Lumber yard here.
First-Class Lumber and Building Material at
$30. per m.
Contractore and Builders will do well to examine there stock
Make any contracts for Lumber until you have figured with these
r. gentlemen. Remember they will not be undersold.
"- -- - -. ,.., g
S 16e4. 15<.
Clarke, Conrad AM Curtin,
HEAVY, SHEL I
w AND BUILDIN
Solo Agents for (le Prie Sliver,
Superior ' ooking stovws.
AC(TIV E WIHOUU TIRON RANOG
Ordo on licited, whichl will re.
eiv- prompt uad ounrful arran.
52, 54 & uMAIN UT.
Has all kinds of
Lumaber, Lath and Shfinges
SConstantly on hand and for sale at his mill on the South Fork. Or
filled and belivor at the lowest figures. P. O. Address, Florence, M. T.
WHOLESAL A RETAIL DEALIRS IN
W5 H. U1M & .O.,.,,
.U, 111 Ul,G RO CES1 IB ,
yFlour, Grain, Tobacco & Geueral Merchandise,
All kindsl nf farm products hought and sold.
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