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GREAT FALLS TRIBUNE.
SUBSCRIPTION RATES. One copy I year, (in. dvan^: ) ... ..._ .. ".t One copy I; months ..................... 1.'0 Onm copy 3 montis.... .. . . 1.tl 8p e :ci anl c:opies .. ..... ..... .. ... It Strictly in i.d vmine. T:r olrculation of th l TRIBUNE in No-thlhrn Montant is ga trant .ed t:. eAx:,tl tait of anly p . 1pr publish, d in the territory. Address all commuij -:ltiottl: to the TitII3BNE, G(REAT 'A.LLs. MIO;T. LEGAL NOTICES. NOTICE OF FINAL ENTRY. l.A.NI Oit(' .T tIELENA, J April 20, ,iS9t Notice is hrebhy given taI:lt tlt- fodlolli namced settler has tiledl nottice of his ittcntion to mak' final proofini support of his ei.m, an I tha t s id proot will be made bcfite the Iteist r atl ie. ceiver of the U. S. L.and Ofli^ ti lIelnm'i, i. T., on Juu, iti, Is6. viz: ('harl,,s Triplbtt. who mn)do HFormntead appli cation No. 1.t: for the SE ', of Srction .), town ship 17, N of R 1 W. lie nam.es the following witnesses to prove his continuous residence upon, and cultivation of said land, viz: 'I homas L. (orhamn Ulidia, M. T., John P. Austin, (hestnut. M T V, illiam LcKee and Alvin Hudson of Ulidia, M T. F. AI)DKINSON, Relugister. Notice of Final Entry. LAND ()mFrCE AT HELIFNA, I T. April 15, 155. NOTIIC is hereby giv<n that the following named ,;,ttlr lhas filed notice of his intend thLin to Mnak- final proof in -upp:trt of his eldint. "nd that stid l root will be nttd: beforeT. (. Woods. Nit .ry Public in rnd for Lewis a:d ('larke county. font:.il., at Fiornce. ,11 T, on May :1)7,INi. vie: Luctien Ii. iaily, who mod " Pr- -mptcn D. Ri No. firli for thl E1'. of NE'. if SW'. N., S NW1t, see :2 town-hip i.i N of 7 W. Hle n:tms It' tollow:ng witn.- see to provyi his continuous r.isid-nee upoin. atld cultiv.:timt of, said land. viz: Nelson J Sin'leton, Jam- s B Me Donald, John Terral and William F, lty. all of Augusta, M T. P. A:KIN- _ N, Rc ister. No:ice of Final En:ry. uand Office at nleina. Monat April 2,. Iti;. NOTICE is hereby giv n t': t the followitn- namntd settler hasfilhd notice of his intention to make final proof in support of hik claim. an, that said proli will be madte hbefor, the l,.i.t -r tnd !tectiver of thui U. S. L. ndl c.flice .t nl.ler.a, Mlontana. :1I T. on June ti, 1~a. . viz: John P Austin. who m:,d, homnesto:d:ptlplien lion No'21S for the Bi? NW\ htL sce 27. township 17. N oi Ii 4 W. He nni-:- ti. following w'tnas.se top'ov h :is eoutinun- rtsilnce uIpon, and (uLt:.iv,tien ,of. said Land, viz: t'his '1ripL.ttt. of c'hestnut. Lhos L Gerham. Wm McKee and ALvin Hodson, of ULidia, Montana. F. ADKINSON. Reg, t r. Notice of Final rntry. Lan-1 Otir,- at t1. l"n, Montana, 1 April 17. le1. NOTI('E is herebly giv n t;; t the followinr nand s ttl - r has il.d not iceof his intntin i on make fiail proof in isupport of his claim, ndi Ihat said prool will he ln-d. before John P Ityats, Notary P'ublic in and for lewir ond Cla(rke coun ty, at Uliditi, Montana. on May t:t. ls. viz: John Durhy. who m' d' hm. -t a d tppliethion No. 2243 for Lot 9. soe int. Lots I and 25 ,s~ N. ec i9, townshipl I, N of E 1 W, He natm.-o tth following witnoses to prov" hi: continuous resid-nce npon. and cultivation on , said lad. viz: Thomas 'tT Fh lthy. Ilarrv'y D n:ull, Thonmas Cain, and Tobias B L.as', all of Ulidia, M T. F. ADKiiNSOtŽ. legister. PROFESSIONAL CARDS. JB. NFW \,:AN, PHYSI('IAN AND SURGEON, Zan Rivmr, - - Mont::re. ARTER & CLAYBERG, ATTORINEY-AT-LAW, Office: Main St., Foot of Broadway, HIIlrna, M.T. 2-14v R. A. F. FOOTE, DENTIST, Broadway, - Helena, Mcnt. (ABOVY HERALD OFFICE) I Er.ASTU D. EDOGERTON. ELLEEF.T D. WELD. EDCERTC- & .VEED. ATTORNEYS-AT-LAW, The Law of R.eAl E'stato and wat::' rights mnd a specialty. PARC=EN :LOCK--COP. MAIN AND BROADWA.Y, HELENA, M. T. ST- LOUIS HOTEL Lnd Bon Ton Restairant, " F Main street, Helcna S. SlusST CLASS IN EVERY RESPECT Ther, - - Proprietor. H P ROLE W F PARSER ROLFE & PARKER, Attorneys & Counselors Special attention givcn to Land and Miring.n ('laiurs and: oi ection;i. H ROE U. S. De?. Mineral Surveyor. (;REAT FALLS ('HAR.ES G (iRtIFIT.7I EDMUND lNGERSOLL (' unty (urveyor G RIFFITH & INGERSOLL, Civil Enineers & Den. U. S. Mineral & Land Surveyors, Irrigating ditches and ranch sureys a n spcialty. O FICE3: GREAT FALLS & .EN'TON. HL. HULL, CIPENTR11, ClNTACTOR, and Builder, Plans and Specifications for any De sired Building Furnished. Sitisfactison Guaranteed on all Con tract Work Sun River, - Mont S.S. WHITTIER, CARPENTER & BULDER. Job Wor ProllptlyAttended to f* Falls, - n aVOL a FALLS il IBUT E VOL, 1, GREAT FALLS, MONTANA TERRITORY, THURSDAY, MAY 28, 1885, NO, 3. ALFALFA 'LOVER. The Wi )rderfuil Gras;; That is ('laim ii:" the Attention of Miany Mon tanut !aneher', Its History and Origin. The alfalfa clover, which has re cently been introluced and cultivated in Montana. han proved to be all that is claimed for it. Our soil is of a ia ture well adapted for its su co.;sful Soe !tivation, and it has since its intro duction grown rapidly into favor amo:.g our ranchers and stockmen, and is destined to ben valuable factor to the successful propagation of the wool industry. Its ra;id growth and nutrious qualitie; makes it particularly valualble for theindulntry. It seem;s probable that in a few years alfalfa w ill take ithe place of all other tamie gra:. e in our Teritory. A his tory of this wonderful grass may prove o interest to many of our read ers who are contemplating experi m: nting with i4. Alfa'fa is tie genius Meiicago Salive. The g,,neric name is from the (G eek IMe.l:ka as it came to the Greeks from Media. London describes it as a de 'i)-rooting perennial plant, send ing up numerous small and clover-like shoots: leaves, p)innately foliate: leaf lets. obvate-oblong, toothed; the flow ers instead of being in a den:;e head as in clover are in erect racemes; thoe 1 corolla it a violet purple, and the many-seeded pods is spIrally coiled. These blossoms are rich in honey food. It does not thrive well in a compact, clay soil. or in any shallow soil having a clay bottom, but requires a sandy loam, the richer the bltter, such ani abounds in all the valley lands of ;Mo:t:ina. There is hardly a State or Territory in the L :ion where it wi:l not thrive. It is said that a soil which seem.; to be destitute of vegetalb'_e matter will, when sown with alfalfa, i in a few yvers be converted into a rich I blc:k loam, full of vegetable mol,. 1 his is of i::tere:t to our couiatr-, ( where the land is rich in mineral plant ( food, but io lackin iii e -,tt int" at ter. The ground should be ineclow, fine I and level. Newly-broken sod does rlot i do so well. It is a slow grower and i tender until well establi'she:d; need' t moisture to germ'::ate it; has been known to remain in the ground on.1 year without sproutint,-; should not be :;own before the middle of April in our climate. A good stand has been t obtained from a sowing made in July. 1 It can be sown broadcast with a Ca hown seed sower, or wish g'cin drill ( shut close, say to one sixtecuth of anu inch. with the teeth or dril's taken t out. Use harrow or brush drag. If t the ground is moist do not roll, as the t eead will not come up through the crust. We favor thick sowing, as a thin growth tends to coarse stalks. Some farmers say it should never be sown with other crop, though others have tried it and succeeded, and the Department of Agriculture, in its is sue of 1873, says it ahould be sown in connection with barley or wheat. Twenty pounds to the acre seems to be the accepted standard for seeding, though some favor using five pounds more. It has been proven by actual f c.2unt, that there are 144,240 seeds in one pound; as -there are 6,272,645 inches to the acre, twenty-five pounds and eleven ounce:; would give a little over one seed to the inch. This would be too thick if the seed be clean and t good, but considerable allowance must n be made for seed possessing no gor minating qualitieos. It has been sown on sod, but this practice is not to be recommended, Some times one, two, a and even three seedings are required before a good stand is obtained. It flourishes up to an altitude of 7,500 e feet above the level of the sea, but at points higher, is likely to kill out be fore strong roots are secured. It will grow to a height of nearly f nine feet, as has been shown by sepci mens measuring 106 inches, taken from the ranch of Gen.o Shields, of California. Itis almost impossible to say how deep the roots will go down, some claiming that they will reach a depth of thirty feet. It is on record, however, that in California, in 1872, a freshet out away the bank of a creek, exposing a section of an alfalfa field. The toots had penetrated to a depth a of twenty feet, where they 3d reach ed the water line, These Mots were closes together, but entiretyr discon- b nected, each one growing straight b through the soil to the watrr, at which point a cluster of roots or feeders were thrown out. How long it will live In the soil is a a qa.stion not easily answered E. R. Sizer, of West Las Animas, writes that he has read of fields in Ohili 400 years Rld, still bearing good oops It is known that fields planted si arv ye s ago are in gool yieldigii .eon "itidu ,1 nd we can thereto c ne nd > aetit.& there is no danger of its being shorl lived. Like the fruit tree, we ca seed it and leave a field as a legacy c value to those who follow after us. Europe, Asia and South Americ report wonderful yields, ranging fror eight to fifteen tons per acre ea.: I year. In California five or six crop aggregating ten tons to the acre, ar cut yearly; ili Colorado at least fou crop; are certain, giving from one t two tons each cutting. Some farmer say that six acres, well set, will prc duce more hay than forty acres of or dinary bottom land such as is foun, in the valleys of Color:do. The firs year, if sown early and a good stemn obtained, one cutting; second yea two, iho gh some, having extra goo. fortune, get three cuttings; third yeal -n'l thereafter, three. and four crop with a good after-gro .th remnaininy making excellent winter pasture There can be no question, therefore as to the abundant yield. Cut when in full b'loo:n, not later unless you want stalks instead of hay A farmer giv es the following concise directions: In making hay I generall; i cut one day. let it lav in the swatl and cure all next day. raking up ,arl. on the mornilg of the third; if the a.un should not shine clear, a longe: time may be required. ;ever shalk it out o.0 turn the swath in this conn try, as it will cure perfectly withonu it; and1 the more it is tiurned or dis turbed, the more it will lose of it: leaves anltl fine stems. (Cockit up im mediat1tel after raking, while yel damp with the ders:, if possible, and let it cure in the cock from one to three days belore stacking. It wil not shed rain like other hay, and must either he stored in barns or sheds, o, protected with canvas covers in thl ste'k, though cotton :l:heeting will ar swer perfectly as long as it lasts, which ". ill be two or three years. Af. ter being mowed, alfalflfa needs to lit until well wilted and then cured is the cock. else the leaves Lboeo:ne dry. cramble f0 and the best part of the cr,p is lo:,t. It is said efrer cutting, lay in s:um:hinc one cday, then put into. snug cocks, then to barn or ::tack. T P're"'ent tie l:'aves from Ibreaking, al falfa Im:ist be cured in the shade. It thought that it cannot be baled. but this is not correct, though it does pot bale as well as common hay. There is a sman:ll per cent. of los; in conse queunce of becoming dry and brittle, so that the finest and choicest leaves that are on the outside of the bale break and scatter in handling. The seed ripens to perfection in Col'orado, arn1 has been made a source of considerable revenue. After cut ting two crops, the next is allowed to go to seed. The seedis a little larger than red clover; when ripe it is yel low, plump and heavy. F - JiS AT HEL A.o F A ll .\ t'ES: A'T IlETT I:, ; tP low, plump and heavy. a FALL RA'ES AT HEIENA. Secretary Ppt e of the Agrieunltural, ) Mincral and Mechanical association, Helena, announces that the colt stakes - for the fall races are now open, nomni a nations closing June 1st. Each nom ination must be accompanied by $25 and a full description of the animal. The following are the races mention No. 4. Derby stakes --Running for three-year-olds, $50 each, half for fe t, $500 added; and mile and a half. No. 5. Helena stakes--Trotting e for two-year-olds, $50 each, half for a feit $20() added; to the colt making d the best time under 2:55, $100 extra: mile heats. No. 7. Pioneer stakes-Running for two-Fear-olds, $50 each, half for feit, $250 added; three-fourths of a mile. dNo. 13. Montana stakes- -Trotting . for three-year-o!ds and under, $50 0 each, half forfeit, $250 added; to the t colt making the best time undr 2:45, $100 extra; mile heats. THE Herald, published at Battle - ford, Saskatchewan Territory, in its last issue, has the following to say of n Her Majesty's proteges: "The petted Indians are the bad ones, The Stonies have been treated as being of a su ' perior race, and are the first to shed the blood of theilbenefaotors. Pound maker has been petted and feted, and a stands in the front rank as a raider. Little Pine, bribel to come north and kept in comfort, hastens to the garn age. CBig Bear, Vh9 has for years en joyed the privilege of eating the bread of idleness, shows his gratitude t by killing his priests and his best friends in cold blood. Little Poplar, a non-treaty Indian, has been liberally supplied with pov.~sioi& ' nd other necessaries and thus enabled to spend all his time in traveling up and.down the land plotting mischief and pro paring for this season's ear, ~n of ruin. The petted Indians ha eproved the bad one, ad thisgives wigiht to the od ada e gtonly odI t .c rs e t _ A RA 'CHEI'S OPINION. f Montana Stock Raisiun}as Viewed by An English Cousin. The Mix i1l'; of t'ittle and Sheep a SF. S. Stimson, of tho Nc:thwe:;t Territory, visited this section a short time sinoe, anu on his return gave a i reporter of the Calgary Herald the following concerning our great stock interests. It is but fair to say that Mr. Stimson's statement concerning the mixing of sheep and cattle on the same ranges, which he sayshas proved t disastrous, will bear in.tigation, as !we hnave always behn (.er the ia r pression that the two indus.ries work ed together harmoniously. It is but natural for Mr. Stims::n to think, as all his associates do, whb ::e engaged in t: e cattle industry in the North west Territory, that the sheep and cattle imndstries are antagonistic to each other, and which has led to a division of the ranges between the two intere.ts: F. S. Stim onl, tmianagor for the Northwest Ranch Co., Las just return ed from Montana where he had been to buy horses for the use of the ranch. lIe brought back 50 geldings with him, leaving 50 brood mares to follow. In answer to inquiry as to the stock prospects of Montana this season. Mr. Stimson gave vent to the follow ing vigorous opinion: Stock p:ospects are better than they were a few months ago, especially in the Muns:els:hell country. The roason for this is found in the fact that there were 38 horse thieve; recently hung there. This has been a great relief to st:ckmen. You have heard of the re cent hanging of McDonald and Felix. I believe they both made a pious end. I Some recently elected deputy sheriffs in Montana are raising a howl about 1 it, but the general opinion is that as far as stock interests were concerned. the hanging was a gr 1.t soccess. Gioo 1morse.s are high, h it cayuses anu scrubs are cheap. Cattle are high, holding at l35 a head in the band. This is mainly on accounti :f the pros prct; of war in Europe. The antici pated demand for cattle in conse quence is making ranchers unwilling 1 to sell. Besides this the ranches are falling into the hands of large capital ists an:d these prefer holding on. How about sheep? Well, the experiment of mixing cattle and sheep grazing has proved disastrous to the cattle interests. In r fact the sheep have eaten tlan out. I South of the Dearborn range, as far as c cattle are concerned, is gone, the sheep h having eaten it ouC. On Birch and Dupuyer creeks, where three years t ago there was not a single sheep, there are now 70,000 head, and cattle mov- c ing off in consequence. The larger Montana owners are looking to Al- t berta now for a range, simply because e they see that in two or three years the ' I Montana ranges will be eaten bare. t TWENTY-E YEA T .- TI A.E YEARS OLD. Montana was twenty-one years , age on the 26th ult. The Dillon Ti bune, editorially, says: The vast changes that have bec made in twenty-one years are in mense. The transition from the stal of Indian occupancy to a stato of civi ization has been gradual and con plete. Twenly.one years ago the o: ganization of a Territory commence which to-day is a great commonwealt fast filling up with people whoi wealth is reckoned at over.F~one bhu dred millions of dollars. To-day Moi tana stands unequalled by any Stal or Territory in variety of miner, resources and in scope of oountr adapted to stock raising and to agr cultural purposes. Our mines of goih silver. copper, iron, lead and coal ma be said to be only partially discove ed and explored in the twenty-on years of our Tefritorial existence Through the ranges of mountair new mining districts are being di: covered continually, and the old( camps are giving steady and rentime tive employment to thousands ( men. With mineral reserves, seen ingly inexhaustible, i is hard to fori tell Montana's great .fature If os mining outlook is so !ight, our othe leading industries a ting brighter appearance. who- a familiar with the adva .iges of th west and south agree that Moioatana i the best region for soc ng in tb United States. Twenty-one years ag it was an unsolved problem as to tb adaptability of this a, sctioai, stoc raising. Our extensive natural range afford free pastirage for, miliong c domesticated animala, whius yerl increase alone is a mint W Oealth <a~ ~ & tbs . gTheo. 0 twent- neo years is gratifying. It can not be otherwise to a people who have toiled to develop an empire of wealth. ;iEN. ('YSTTEP'S WIFE IN DAKOTA. Like most people who have gainel their knowledge of Indian3 in that direct and practical manner, Mrs. Custer does not appear to have found inuc.i in them or their way of life to be admired. She grants that under certain circumstances they can be brave, and even self-sacriticing, but they are fundamentally cruel and treacherou;. Their onra.ty towards the white race is not only fix ,d and dead ly, but essentially b'rbarous. They are not contenrt with merely killing a vwhite man, they delight to torture him to death by inches, and to tear the body apart and burn it afterwards. Their treatment of prisor.ers, especi ally women, is such as will not bearr plain telling, and of coursa Mrs. Cu ter was in imminent feia" always of falling into their hands. "My danger in tLis connection," she s:.ys, "was twofold. I was in peril from death or capture by the savages, and liable to be killed by my own friends to ",re:ent my capture. I had been a subject of co:nversatin amongth the officers, being the only woman, who, a' a rule, followed the regiment, and without discussing it much in my presence. the universal understanding was that any one having me in chargeo in an emergency where there was close danger of my capture should shoot me iujstantly." More than once she foundr herself in a rituation where it seemed to her i this alternative would have to be exe cuted to save her from a worse fate than death; but fortunately she al ways escnaped at no more serious cost than a fright that left her limp and unconscious. After a certain experi ence of that kin; , she says, the Gen eral thought she might rather not go with him in advance of the troops, but ::he insisted upon continuing to do so. not because she was so ciurageous, si. reeanilvy - dmits, but becaiuse "it was infinitely worse to be left behind," imagining what may be happening to her husband. i ' The New York Herald thinks it "strange that the Southern States, with an abundance of rich grasses, 1 short, mild winters and comparative n nearness to the great Northern mar kets, should let the greater part of the s cattle trade remain in the hands of p men in the Far West." If the Herald Swould reflect that quite one-half of ' the -tockmen in the Far West, are e Southern-born men, it might con - clude that there are peculiar reasons r why the Southern States do not, with there mild climate and cheap lands, e engage extensively in raising cattle. e The chief reason is probably what turned back a shrewd man who went from Idaho to the New Orleans Ex position this winter, and who on fgoing determined to investigate the I matter end see if a master-stroke of business could not be mad : by gath ing up a large tractoi land and stock ing it with cattle. He did investi gate and returned without embarking in the enterprise. He found that the insects in that region in the hot weather neutralized all the advantag es of rich grasses, and added to them was a tick which prevailed every where, and which, burrowing into an imals, made it impossible to fatten them except by stall feeding and con stant attention. These drawbacks a:e sufficient to explain why South ern men prefer to come West to se cure stock ranges rather than to en gage in the business in the homes of their childhood. How widespread these objections may be of course we do not know, but fancy that they pre vail generally wherever thero are woods and streams south of the south ern boundary of Kentucky. There are things worse than even cold win tern on beef cattle.-Salt L. Tribune. The value of the hay crop of Mon - tana would surprise the people if complete statistics could be gathered. r In anti-bellum days, once when taunt r ed by a Southern Congressman. Thaddeus Stephens, Pennsylvania's great Commoner,, said: "You. say 'cotton is king;' yet T.ell you that the hay crop of the commionwealth of Pennsylvania is worth more motey > than the .cotton p.od.et of all the ?i Southern States." And he had. spo ken the truth, ithough the propostion was a tartling one at the time. Few men ealize the vastness of this crop, and fewer still ..e importent part it plays in the upbullding of a happy and contented people. A lany should be found on eve il ~ ~ .-aage- -- ec:· THE ANGES OF MIONTANA. ThI Promising Outlook for North western ('attle Interests: The Itbound-ups Already ('oulinli. el!. A cori'.stident of the St. Paul Pioneer Press, writing from Fort Keogh, gives a very intcresting ac count of the outlook for the Montana cattle interest. We reproducethe fo'! lowing extracts from the letter: The cattle interests of the North= west were never in a more promising condition than a.t the present writing. We are in the midst of our sp:ing round-ups, and the stookmen gener ally are jubilant over the prospects of a fine calf crop. The past winter, al though an unusually severe one, was not very hard on stock, as a careful riding of the ranges during the cold season and :ince has shown the per cent of loss to be no greater than that of previous seasons. It would be useless to disguise the fact that herd owners were at one time more or less alarmed as to the result of continued and severo cold on their unprotected herds; but the fact that their animals did weather the season successfully without apparent suffering, and with only ordinary lo;ses, hasbeen not only a matter of great gratification to them humanely and pecuniarily, but also a revelation as to the adaptability of a cold country for the success.ul raising of stock. The fall of 1881 was a con tinuous Indian summer until about December 10, when the cold weather commuenced in dead earnest. Stock went into the winter in prime condi tion, well equipped with fat, Even the late arrivals, commonly called "pilgrims" or "doughies," owing to the abundance of grass and lateness of the scason, were better prepared 'th e r to stand a severe co they certainly gota fe But like all our no it was protracted, tho ous, and was bro ken , at exactly the rig welcome chinook wigh ed the tempera ture I trathing spell, T the stock basi nHss i in fact, through out th est, is irt quite a heal cowboy legisla ture open to their inter ests while in session at Helena, and the consequence is that the cattle business is receiving a boom this sea son never experienced in former years, One iinportant item is noticoab'e th's season, and that is the high grade of animals which are being imported for stock purposes, On the Miles City street corners orne hears nothing but "Polled Angas" cr "Short-horns" con tinually discussed by everybody. It is a good sign that thoroughbred stock is slowly but surely driving the scrubs to the wall. Galloways, Short horns and Angus, whose pedigrees can be traced back to Bonny Scotland or some other high grade country, are coming in by the car load on nearly every stock train. Common stock is not good enough even for the poorest ranchman now, so that we may expect to see the days cf the weak, scrawny calves numbered in the near future. At no other time in the history of the cattle industry in Montana has it given such promising results as at present. After a hard winter-to come out with less than usuadl losses, with no diseases of any kind, and a probability of a large and healthy calf crop this spring-the stockman can complacently regard the future with "great expectations," and con gratula"e himself that he came to M ontana to raise his herd instead of going to some other less favored country. country. I CARRYING A BURDEN. Few classes of business men whose operations are at all extensive are carrying such a burden of debt as ha: been assumed by the average ranch man of the west. They are generally of a moneyed class, but have as a rule not only inivested their surplus, but have drawn largely upon their per sonal credit. So great is the genera] confidence of these men in the future of their business that they have no! hesitated to avail themselves of. out side financial aid, in enlarging it to an extent that they would regard as hazardous if directed in any other (than il. I& the face of fournaist i f~roreIn many parts of the east ovei the wild chances of- profit in a bus* ness so liable'to be affected byc tj brigorsio io ti.e seaso, th.. who a best informed concerning te b tions surrounding rianehia ' a paonstantl r f I aret GREAT FALLS TRIBUNE. ADVERTISING BATES. :Wck. I$I=jK3.18 4.1$ . Il: 13 Imt 1. t 5. . 7. 1 lr i15. '5, Simo;na' i 9. 10. 15. 30. 1 55. 11p, 1 yar... 1 12.1 1 25. I 50. 1 Itj sW , B-.'uiness notices in reading matt-r, 25 cents p r line. Business notices 15 cents per line for first in. sortion, and 10 cents p'r line for each subsequent insertion of same matter. ranch property a common article un der the sheriff's lairmer? The fact th- is, an execution issued against a ranchman is ai novel document indeed, and there is many a wide scope of bleak frontier on which such an in nul strument has never been seen. art While this vindicates the confi. ac- dence of cattlemen, it is evidently na felt to be just is well not to overdo o! the thing of undertaking to do an im mense business on a slender capital, th The pressure of the times is felt oa ng the plains of Montana, as well as else wg. where; and the effect is seen in a dis ;g position quite general net to enlarge erP- bsiness operations too strongly at of the present time. There is no great al- quantity of ranch stock on the mar as ket, and yet an occasional holder is Nul ready to ease himself of a load by sel )ld ling out. Just now is a period of >er quiet on the froitier; yet while but tat r little is being done in the way of be pushing the cattle induitry, there is •rd no tendency to discouragement, and ss prospects are regarded with serenity ed by those who, if there was any ground ed for alarm, would be the first to discover Ils its existence. Nothing but the sudden ply appearance of malignant contagion th on the plains can seriously impair the ly confidence of the cattlemen. Im THE QUARANT!NE. aI a1 The Piounr, published at Mandan, ig Dakota, says of our quarantine: l- Montana's quaranti tie against cattle ut coming from Missouri, Illinois and .r other States is causing great loss and ek hardship to stockmen. A Mr. Fly, li- who has 1,000 head of cattle destined en to Springdale, Montana, has been at ed the Mandan stock yards for two days to because the quarantine officers refuse ss to allow him to enter the Territory, °d his stock having came from Missouri. re Although they are apparently free ta from disease, he will be compelled to ur turn them on the range this side of 'd, the Montana line and herd them for - 90 days. He has some $15,000 or $2 ,e 000 invested in this lot of cattle a "k will have to buy ponies and hire he a- ers to take care of them. This qu II. antine business of the stockmen i- Montana will virtually drive out h- the small dealers and stockmen. com te pelling them to buy their young bulls a- from large owners at their own fig r- ures. The stockmen's association of id Montan has evidently been arranging le for the present state of affairs to a- profit by it, as they have an unusual s, number of young bulls on hand for s the occasion. A retaliation of quar antine on the part of Illinois would of entirely destroy the stock interests of of ha rlp r~~, '.L ,, , t THE MORMON P ROTEST. It The authorities of the Mormon Church have sent to the Provident an appeal for what they are pleased to - call justice, and a protest against the iniquity done by the United States courts in sending holy saunts to prison for committing the crime of polyga Imy. The gist of their argument is is that polygamy is morally right be cause Brigham Young once said that et its righteousness had been revealed to him from heaven. But it is reinem 'y bered that the doctrine of "blood e. atonement"--which was put into practice in the Mountain Meadow massacre and in many single murders, was also justified by the Mormons on o the the ground cf "revalation" of the s, Brigham Young sort. But thelaw of a the United States holds murder to be a crime and treats it as such in spite of anybody's "revalation" to the con n trary. and precisely the same thipgis etrue of polygamy, The protest goes - on to protest against thecourse of the United States in making the con sciences of the people generally bind ing upon those wno think differently. d But that is precisely what we do in the ease of other criminnls, Many an enterprising burglar would like to be held exempt from pupishmept for his offences on the ground that he does i not share the prejudices and consci entious scrupels of the community generally as to the impropriety of house-breaking, i- -----s----- THE TREASURY FISD. e In speaking of the recent discovery it made in the Treasury at Washington r- the Philadelphia Newsr ays: d. "The recent find in the Treasury count of a box eontaining old jewels and a4lsk of attar of. roses is de scribed as the pro of President t- Monroe, given to him bythe Japanese o government. It~ hsaid ithat these gaiftwelreplaed IlttPreasury tutil SConusa should give its conisotto the np e thearticles. Astwe c had uo relations with the J r government of aav kind v n #, t ois mory sa ot sta d. Thereis no o Iidne lhat ethey wurintee ed S onree. Theae it ns, iri ýl r f J,~22~~22~~2 Vat;