GREAT FALLS TRIBUNE.
One copy I year, (in. dvan^: ) ... ..._ .. ".t
One copy I; months ..................... 1.'0
Onm copy 3 montis.... .. . . 1.tl
8p e :ci anl c:opies .. ..... ..... .. ... It
Strictly in i.d vmine.
T:r olrculation of th l TRIBUNE in No-thlhrn
Montant is ga trant .ed t:. eAx:,tl tait of anly p .
1pr publish, d in the territory.
Address all commuij -:ltiottl: to the
TitII3BNE, G(REAT 'A.LLs. MIO;T.
NOTICE OF FINAL ENTRY.
l.A.NI Oit(' .T tIELENA, J
April 20, ,iS9t
Notice is hrebhy given taI:lt tlt- fodlolli namced
settler has tiledl nottice of his ittcntion to mak'
final proofini support of his ei.m, an I tha t s id
proot will be made bcfite the Iteist r atl ie.
ceiver of the U. S. L.and Ofli^ ti lIelnm'i, i. T.,
on Juu, iti, Is6. viz:
('harl,,s Triplbtt. who mn)do HFormntead appli
cation No. 1.t: for the SE ', of Srction .), town
ship 17, N of R 1 W.
lie nam.es the following witnesses to prove his
continuous residence upon, and cultivation of
said land, viz: 'I homas L. (orhamn Ulidia, M. T.,
John P. Austin, (hestnut. M T V, illiam LcKee
and Alvin Hudson of Ulidia, M T.
F. AI)DKINSON, Relugister.
Notice of Final Entry.
LAND ()mFrCE AT HELIFNA, I T.
April 15, 155.
NOTIIC is hereby giv<n that the following
named ,;,ttlr lhas filed notice of his intend
thLin to Mnak- final proof in -upp:trt of his eldint.
"nd that stid l root will be nttd: beforeT. (.
Woods. Nit .ry Public in rnd for Lewis a:d
('larke county. font:.il., at Fiornce. ,11 T, on
May :1)7,INi. vie:
Luctien Ii. iaily, who mod " Pr- -mptcn D. Ri
No. firli for thl E1'. of NE'. if SW'. N., S
NW1t, see :2 town-hip i.i N of 7 W.
Hle n:tms It' tollow:ng witn.- see to provyi his
continuous r.isid-nee upoin. atld cultiv.:timt of,
said land. viz: Nelson J Sin'leton, Jam- s B Me
Donald, John Terral and William F, lty. all of
Augusta, M T.
P. A:KIN- _ N, Rc ister.
No:ice of Final En:ry.
uand Office at nleina. Monat
April 2,. Iti;.
NOTICE is hereby giv n t': t the followitn-
namntd settler hasfilhd notice of his intention
to make final proof in support of hik claim. an,
that said proli will be madte hbefor, the l,.i.t -r
tnd !tectiver of thui U. S. L. ndl c.flice .t nl.ler.a,
Mlontana. :1I T. on June ti, 1~a. . viz:
John P Austin. who m:,d, homnesto:d:ptlplien
lion No'21S for the Bi? NW\ htL sce 27.
township 17. N oi Ii 4 W.
He nni-:- ti. following w'tnas.se top'ov h :is
eoutinun- rtsilnce uIpon, and (uLt:.iv,tien ,of.
said Land, viz: t'his '1ripL.ttt. of c'hestnut. Lhos
L Gerham. Wm McKee and ALvin Hodson, of
F. ADKINSON. Reg, t r.
Notice of Final rntry.
Lan-1 Otir,- at t1. l"n, Montana, 1
April 17. le1.
NOTI('E is herebly giv n t;; t the followinr
nand s ttl - r has il.d not iceof his intntin i
on make fiail proof in isupport of his claim, ndi
Ihat said prool will he ln-d. before John P Ityats,
Notary P'ublic in and for lewir ond Cla(rke coun
ty, at Uliditi, Montana. on May t:t. ls. viz:
John Durhy. who m' d' hm. -t a d tppliethion
No. 2243 for Lot 9. soe int. Lots I and 25 ,s~ N.
ec i9, townshipl I, N of E 1 W,
He natm.-o tth following witnoses to prov" hi:
continuous resid-nce npon. and cultivation on ,
said lad. viz:
Thomas 'tT Fh lthy. Ilarrv'y D n:ull, Thonmas
Cain, and Tobias B L.as', all of Ulidia, M T.
F. ADKiiNSOtŽ. legister.
JB. NFW \,:AN,
PHYSI('IAN AND SURGEON,
Zan Rivmr, - - Mont::re.
ARTER & CLAYBERG,
Office: Main St., Foot of Broadway, HIIlrna, M.T.
R. A. F. FOOTE,
Broadway, - Helena, Mcnt.
(ABOVY HERALD OFFICE)
I Er.ASTU D. EDOGERTON. ELLEEF.T D. WELD.
EDCERTC- & .VEED.
The Law of R.eAl E'stato and wat::'
rights mnd a specialty.
PARC=EN :LOCK--COP. MAIN AND BROADWA.Y,
HELENA, M. T.
ST- LOUIS HOTEL
Lnd Bon Ton Restairant,
" F Main street, Helcna
S. SlusST CLASS IN EVERY RESPECT
Ther, - - Proprietor.
H P ROLE W F PARSER
ROLFE & PARKER,
Attorneys & Counselors
Special attention givcn to Land and Miring.n
('laiurs and: oi ection;i.
H ROE U. S. De?. Mineral Surveyor.
('HAR.ES G (iRtIFIT.7I EDMUND lNGERSOLL
(' unty (urveyor
G RIFFITH & INGERSOLL,
Civil Enineers & Den. U. S.
Mineral & Land Surveyors,
Irrigating ditches and ranch sureys a n spcialty.
O FICE3: GREAT FALLS & .EN'TON.
Plans and Specifications for any De
sired Building Furnished.
Sitisfactison Guaranteed on all Con
Sun River, - Mont
CARPENTER & BULDER.
Job Wor ProllptlyAttended to
f* Falls, - n
aVOL a FALLS il IBUT E
VOL, 1, GREAT FALLS, MONTANA TERRITORY, THURSDAY, MAY 28, 1885, NO, 3.
The Wi )rderfuil Gras;; That is ('laim
ii:" the Attention of Miany Mon
tanut !aneher', Its History
The alfalfa clover, which has re
cently been introluced and cultivated
in Montana. han proved to be all that
is claimed for it. Our soil is of a ia
ture well adapted for its su co.;sful
Soe !tivation, and it has since its intro
duction grown rapidly into favor
amo:.g our ranchers and stockmen,
and is destined to ben valuable factor
to the successful propagation of the
wool industry. Its ra;id growth and
nutrious qualitie; makes it
particularly valualble for theindulntry.
It seem;s probable that in a few years
alfalfa w ill take ithe place of all other
tamie gra:. e in our Teritory. A his
tory of this wonderful grass may
prove o interest to many of our read
ers who are contemplating experi
m: nting with i4.
Alfa'fa is tie genius Meiicago
Salive. The g,,neric name is from the
(G eek IMe.l:ka as it came to the Greeks
from Media. London describes it as
a de 'i)-rooting perennial plant, send
ing up numerous small and clover-like
shoots: leaves, p)innately foliate: leaf
lets. obvate-oblong, toothed; the flow
ers instead of being in a den:;e head
as in clover are in erect racemes; thoe 1
corolla it a violet purple, and the
many-seeded pods is spIrally coiled.
These blossoms are rich in honey
It does not thrive well in a compact,
clay soil. or in any shallow soil having
a clay bottom, but requires a sandy
loam, the richer the bltter, such ani
abounds in all the valley lands of
;Mo:t:ina. There is hardly a State or
Territory in the L :ion where it wi:l
not thrive. It is said that a soil which
seem.; to be destitute of vegetalb'_e
matter will, when sown with alfalfa, i
in a few yvers be converted into a rich I
blc:k loam, full of vegetable mol,. 1
his is of i::tere:t to our couiatr-, (
where the land is rich in mineral plant (
food, but io lackin iii e -,tt int" at
The ground should be ineclow, fine I
and level. Newly-broken sod does rlot i
do so well. It is a slow grower and i
tender until well establi'she:d; need' t
moisture to germ'::ate it; has been
known to remain in the ground on.1
year without sproutint,-; should not
be :;own before the middle of April
in our climate. A good stand has been t
obtained from a sowing made in July. 1
It can be sown broadcast with a Ca
hown seed sower, or wish g'cin drill (
shut close, say to one sixtecuth of anu
inch. with the teeth or dril's taken t
out. Use harrow or brush drag. If t
the ground is moist do not roll, as the t
eead will not come up through the
crust. We favor thick sowing, as a
thin growth tends to coarse stalks.
Some farmers say it should never be
sown with other crop, though others
have tried it and succeeded, and the
Department of Agriculture, in its is
sue of 1873, says it ahould be sown in
connection with barley or wheat.
Twenty pounds to the acre seems to
be the accepted standard for seeding,
though some favor using five pounds
more. It has been proven by actual f
c.2unt, that there are 144,240 seeds in
one pound; as -there are 6,272,645
inches to the acre, twenty-five pounds
and eleven ounce:; would give a little
over one seed to the inch. This would
be too thick if the seed be clean and t
good, but considerable allowance must n
be made for seed possessing no gor
minating qualitieos. It has been sown
on sod, but this practice is not to be
recommended, Some times one, two, a
and even three seedings are required
before a good stand is obtained. It
flourishes up to an altitude of 7,500 e
feet above the level of the sea, but at
points higher, is likely to kill out be
fore strong roots are secured.
It will grow to a height of nearly f
nine feet, as has been shown by sepci
mens measuring 106 inches, taken
from the ranch of Gen.o Shields, of
California. Itis almost impossible to
say how deep the roots will go down,
some claiming that they will reach a
depth of thirty feet. It is on record,
however, that in California, in 1872, a
freshet out away the bank of a creek,
exposing a section of an alfalfa field.
The toots had penetrated to a depth a
of twenty feet, where they 3d reach
ed the water line, These Mots were
closes together, but entiretyr discon- b
nected, each one growing straight b
through the soil to the watrr, at which
point a cluster of roots or feeders
were thrown out.
How long it will live In the soil is a a
qa.stion not easily answered E. R.
Sizer, of West Las Animas, writes that
he has read of fields in Ohili 400 years
Rld, still bearing good oops It is
known that fields planted si arv ye s
ago are in gool yieldigii .eon "itidu ,1
nd we can thereto c ne nd > aetit.&
there is no danger of its being shorl
lived. Like the fruit tree, we ca
seed it and leave a field as a legacy c
value to those who follow after us.
Europe, Asia and South Americ
report wonderful yields, ranging fror
eight to fifteen tons per acre ea.:
I year. In California five or six crop
aggregating ten tons to the acre, ar
cut yearly; ili Colorado at least fou
crop; are certain, giving from one t
two tons each cutting. Some farmer
say that six acres, well set, will prc
duce more hay than forty acres of or
dinary bottom land such as is foun,
in the valleys of Color:do. The firs
year, if sown early and a good stemn
obtained, one cutting; second yea
two, iho gh some, having extra goo.
fortune, get three cuttings; third yeal
-n'l thereafter, three. and four crop
with a good after-gro .th remnaininy
making excellent winter pasture
There can be no question, therefore
as to the abundant yield.
Cut when in full b'loo:n, not later
unless you want stalks instead of hay
A farmer giv es the following concise
directions: In making hay I generall;
i cut one day. let it lav in the swatl
and cure all next day. raking up ,arl.
on the mornilg of the third; if the
a.un should not shine clear, a longe:
time may be required. ;ever shalk
it out o.0 turn the swath in this conn
try, as it will cure perfectly withonu
it; and1 the more it is tiurned or dis
turbed, the more it will lose of it:
leaves anltl fine stems. (Cockit up im
mediat1tel after raking, while yel
damp with the ders:, if possible, and
let it cure in the cock from one to
three days belore stacking. It wil
not shed rain like other hay, and must
either he stored in barns or sheds, o,
protected with canvas covers in thl
ste'k, though cotton :l:heeting will ar
swer perfectly as long as it lasts,
which ". ill be two or three years. Af.
ter being mowed, alfalflfa needs to lit
until well wilted and then cured is
the cock. else the leaves Lboeo:ne dry.
cramble f0 and the best part of the
cr,p is lo:,t. It is said efrer cutting,
lay in s:um:hinc one cday, then put into.
snug cocks, then to barn or ::tack. T
P're"'ent tie l:'aves from Ibreaking, al
falfa Im:ist be cured in the shade. It
thought that it cannot be baled. but
this is not correct, though it does pot
bale as well as common hay. There
is a sman:ll per cent. of los; in conse
queunce of becoming dry and brittle,
so that the finest and choicest leaves
that are on the outside of the bale
break and scatter in handling.
The seed ripens to perfection in
Col'orado, arn1 has been made a source
of considerable revenue. After cut
ting two crops, the next is allowed to
go to seed. The seedis a little larger
than red clover; when ripe it is yel
low, plump and heavy.
F - JiS AT HEL A.o
F A ll .\ t'ES: A'T IlETT I:, ;
tP low, plump and heavy.
a FALL RA'ES AT HEIENA.
Secretary Ppt e of the Agrieunltural,
) Mincral and Mechanical association,
Helena, announces that the colt stakes
- for the fall races are now open, nomni
a nations closing June 1st. Each nom
ination must be accompanied by $25
and a full description of the animal.
The following are the races mention
No. 4. Derby stakes --Running
for three-year-olds, $50 each, half for
fe t, $500 added; and mile and a half.
No. 5. Helena stakes--Trotting
e for two-year-olds, $50 each, half for
a feit $20() added; to the colt making
d the best time under 2:55, $100 extra:
No. 7. Pioneer stakes-Running
for two-Fear-olds, $50 each, half for
feit, $250 added; three-fourths of a
dNo. 13. Montana stakes- -Trotting
. for three-year-o!ds and under, $50
0 each, half forfeit, $250 added; to the
t colt making the best time undr 2:45,
$100 extra; mile heats.
THE Herald, published at Battle
- ford, Saskatchewan Territory, in its
last issue, has the following to say of
n Her Majesty's proteges: "The petted
Indians are the bad ones, The Stonies
have been treated as being of a su
' perior race, and are the first to shed
the blood of theilbenefaotors. Pound
maker has been petted and feted, and
a stands in the front rank as a raider.
Little Pine, bribel to come north and
kept in comfort, hastens to the garn
age. CBig Bear, Vh9 has for years en
joyed the privilege of eating the
bread of idleness, shows his gratitude
t by killing his priests and his best
friends in cold blood. Little Poplar,
a non-treaty Indian, has been liberally
supplied with pov.~sioi& ' nd other
necessaries and thus enabled to spend
all his time in traveling up and.down
the land plotting mischief and pro
paring for this season's ear, ~n of
ruin. The petted Indians ha eproved
the bad one, ad thisgives wigiht to
the od ada e gtonly odI
t .c rs e t _
A RA 'CHEI'S OPINION.
f Montana Stock Raisiun}as Viewed by
An English Cousin. The Mix
i1l'; of t'ittle and Sheep
SF. S. Stimson, of tho Nc:thwe:;t
Territory, visited this section a short
time sinoe, anu on his return gave a i
reporter of the Calgary Herald the
following concerning our great stock
interests. It is but fair to say that
Mr. Stimson's statement concerning
the mixing of sheep and cattle on the
same ranges, which he sayshas proved
t disastrous, will bear in.tigation, as
!we hnave always behn (.er the ia
r pression that the two indus.ries work
ed together harmoniously. It is but
natural for Mr. Stims::n to think, as
all his associates do, whb ::e engaged
in t: e cattle industry in the North
west Territory, that the sheep and
cattle imndstries are antagonistic to
each other, and which has led to a
division of the ranges between the
F. S. Stim onl, tmianagor for the
Northwest Ranch Co., Las just return
ed from Montana where he had been
to buy horses for the use of the ranch.
lIe brought back 50 geldings with
him, leaving 50 brood mares to follow.
In answer to inquiry as to the stock
prospects of Montana this season.
Mr. Stimson gave vent to the follow
ing vigorous opinion:
Stock p:ospects are better than they
were a few months ago, especially in
the Muns:els:hell country. The roason
for this is found in the fact that there
were 38 horse thieve; recently hung
there. This has been a great relief to
st:ckmen. You have heard of the re
cent hanging of McDonald and Felix.
I believe they both made a pious end. I
Some recently elected deputy sheriffs
in Montana are raising a howl about 1
it, but the general opinion is that as
far as stock interests were concerned.
the hanging was a gr 1.t soccess.
Gioo 1morse.s are high, h it cayuses
anu scrubs are cheap. Cattle are high,
holding at l35 a head in the band.
This is mainly on accounti :f the pros
prct; of war in Europe. The antici
pated demand for cattle in conse
quence is making ranchers unwilling 1
to sell. Besides this the ranches are
falling into the hands of large capital
ists an:d these prefer holding on.
How about sheep?
Well, the experiment of mixing
cattle and sheep grazing has proved
disastrous to the cattle interests. In r
fact the sheep have eaten tlan out. I
South of the Dearborn range, as far as c
cattle are concerned, is gone, the sheep h
having eaten it ouC. On Birch and
Dupuyer creeks, where three years t
ago there was not a single sheep, there
are now 70,000 head, and cattle mov- c
ing off in consequence. The larger
Montana owners are looking to Al- t
berta now for a range, simply because e
they see that in two or three years the '
I Montana ranges will be eaten bare. t
T .- TI A.E YEARS OLD.
Montana was twenty-one years ,
age on the 26th ult. The Dillon Ti
bune, editorially, says:
The vast changes that have bec
made in twenty-one years are in
mense. The transition from the stal
of Indian occupancy to a stato of civi
ization has been gradual and con
plete. Twenly.one years ago the o:
ganization of a Territory commence
which to-day is a great commonwealt
fast filling up with people whoi
wealth is reckoned at over.F~one bhu
dred millions of dollars. To-day Moi
tana stands unequalled by any Stal
or Territory in variety of miner,
resources and in scope of oountr
adapted to stock raising and to agr
cultural purposes. Our mines of goih
silver. copper, iron, lead and coal ma
be said to be only partially discove
ed and explored in the twenty-on
years of our Tefritorial existence
Through the ranges of mountair
new mining districts are being di:
covered continually, and the old(
camps are giving steady and rentime
tive employment to thousands (
men. With mineral reserves, seen
ingly inexhaustible, i is hard to fori
tell Montana's great .fature If os
mining outlook is so !ight, our othe
leading industries a ting
brighter appearance. who- a
familiar with the adva .iges of th
west and south agree that Moioatana i
the best region for soc ng in tb
United States. Twenty-one years ag
it was an unsolved problem as to tb
adaptability of this a, sctioai, stoc
raising. Our extensive natural range
afford free pastirage for, miliong c
domesticated animala, whius yerl
increase alone is a mint W Oealth
<a~ ~ & tbs . gTheo. 0
twent- neo years is gratifying. It
can not be otherwise to a people who
have toiled to develop an empire of
;iEN. ('YSTTEP'S WIFE IN DAKOTA.
Like most people who have gainel
their knowledge of Indian3 in that
direct and practical manner, Mrs.
Custer does not appear to have found
inuc.i in them or their way of life to
be admired. She grants that under
certain circumstances they can be
brave, and even self-sacriticing, but
they are fundamentally cruel and
treacherou;. Their onra.ty towards the
white race is not only fix ,d and dead
ly, but essentially b'rbarous. They
are not contenrt with merely killing a
vwhite man, they delight to torture
him to death by inches, and to tear
the body apart and burn it afterwards.
Their treatment of prisor.ers, especi
ally women, is such as will not bearr
plain telling, and of coursa Mrs. Cu
ter was in imminent feia" always of
falling into their hands.
"My danger in tLis connection," she
s:.ys, "was twofold. I was in peril
from death or capture by the savages,
and liable to be killed by my own
friends to ",re:ent my capture. I had
been a subject of co:nversatin amongth
the officers, being the only woman,
who, a' a rule, followed the regiment,
and without discussing it much in my
presence. the universal understanding
was that any one having me in chargeo
in an emergency where there was
close danger of my capture should
shoot me iujstantly."
More than once she foundr herself
in a rituation where it seemed to her i
this alternative would have to be exe
cuted to save her from a worse fate
than death; but fortunately she al
ways escnaped at no more serious cost
than a fright that left her limp and
unconscious. After a certain experi
ence of that kin; , she says, the Gen
eral thought she might rather not go
with him in advance of the troops, but
::he insisted upon continuing to do so.
not because she was so ciurageous,
si. reeanilvy - dmits, but becaiuse "it
was infinitely worse to be left behind,"
imagining what may be happening to
The New York Herald thinks it
"strange that the Southern States,
with an abundance of rich grasses,
1 short, mild winters and comparative
n nearness to the great Northern mar
kets, should let the greater part of the
s cattle trade remain in the hands of
p men in the Far West." If the Herald
Swould reflect that quite one-half of
' the -tockmen in the Far West, are
e Southern-born men, it might con
- clude that there are peculiar reasons
r why the Southern States do not, with
there mild climate and cheap lands,
e engage extensively in raising cattle.
e The chief reason is probably what
turned back a shrewd man who went
from Idaho to the New Orleans Ex
position this winter, and who on
fgoing determined to investigate the
I matter end see if a master-stroke of
business could not be mad : by gath
ing up a large tractoi land and stock
ing it with cattle. He did investi
gate and returned without embarking
in the enterprise. He found that the
insects in that region in the hot
weather neutralized all the advantag
es of rich grasses, and added to them
was a tick which prevailed every
where, and which, burrowing into an
imals, made it impossible to fatten
them except by stall feeding and con
stant attention. These drawbacks
a:e sufficient to explain why South
ern men prefer to come West to se
cure stock ranges rather than to en
gage in the business in the homes of
their childhood. How widespread
these objections may be of course we
do not know, but fancy that they pre
vail generally wherever thero are
woods and streams south of the south
ern boundary of Kentucky. There
are things worse than even cold win
tern on beef cattle.-Salt L. Tribune.
The value of the hay crop of Mon
- tana would surprise the people if
complete statistics could be gathered.
r In anti-bellum days, once when taunt
r ed by a Southern Congressman.
Thaddeus Stephens, Pennsylvania's
great Commoner,, said: "You. say
'cotton is king;' yet T.ell you that the
hay crop of the commionwealth of
Pennsylvania is worth more motey
> than the .cotton p.od.et of all the
?i Southern States." And he had. spo
ken the truth, ithough the propostion
was a tartling one at the time. Few
men ealize the vastness of this crop,
and fewer still ..e importent part it
plays in the upbullding of a happy
and contented people. A lany
should be found on eve
il ~ ~ .-aage- -- ec:·
THE ANGES OF MIONTANA.
ThI Promising Outlook for North
western ('attle Interests: The
A cori'.stident of the St. Paul
Pioneer Press, writing from Fort
Keogh, gives a very intcresting ac
count of the outlook for the Montana
cattle interest. We reproducethe fo'!
lowing extracts from the letter:
The cattle interests of the North=
west were never in a more promising
condition than a.t the present writing.
We are in the midst of our sp:ing
round-ups, and the stookmen gener
ally are jubilant over the prospects of
a fine calf crop. The past winter, al
though an unusually severe one, was
not very hard on stock, as a careful
riding of the ranges during the cold
season and :ince has shown the per
cent of loss to be no greater than that
of previous seasons. It would be
useless to disguise the fact that herd
owners were at one time more or less
alarmed as to the result of continued
and severo cold on their unprotected
herds; but the fact that their animals
did weather the season successfully
without apparent suffering, and with
only ordinary lo;ses, hasbeen not only
a matter of great gratification to them
humanely and pecuniarily, but also a
revelation as to the adaptability of a
cold country for the success.ul raising
of stock. The fall of 1881 was a con
tinuous Indian summer until about
December 10, when the cold weather
commuenced in dead earnest. Stock
went into the winter in prime condi
tion, well equipped with fat, Even
the late arrivals, commonly called
"pilgrims" or "doughies," owing to
the abundance of grass and lateness
of the scason, were better prepared
'th e r to stand a severe
co they certainly gota
fe But like all our
no it was protracted,
tho ous, and was bro
ken , at exactly the
rig welcome chinook
wigh ed the tempera
ture I trathing spell,
T the stock basi
nHss i in fact, through
out th est, is irt quite
a heal cowboy legisla
ture open to their inter
ests while in session at Helena, and
the consequence is that the cattle
business is receiving a boom this sea
son never experienced in former years,
One iinportant item is noticoab'e th's
season, and that is the high grade of
animals which are being imported for
stock purposes, On the Miles City
street corners orne hears nothing but
"Polled Angas" cr "Short-horns" con
tinually discussed by everybody. It
is a good sign that thoroughbred
stock is slowly but surely driving the
scrubs to the wall. Galloways, Short
horns and Angus, whose pedigrees
can be traced back to Bonny Scotland
or some other high grade country, are
coming in by the car load on nearly
every stock train. Common stock is
not good enough even for the poorest
ranchman now, so that we may expect
to see the days cf the weak, scrawny
calves numbered in the near future.
At no other time in the history of the
cattle industry in Montana has it
given such promising results as at
present. After a hard winter-to
come out with less than usuadl losses,
with no diseases of any kind, and a
probability of a large and healthy
calf crop this spring-the stockman
can complacently regard the future
with "great expectations," and con
gratula"e himself that he came to
M ontana to raise his herd instead of
going to some other less favored
I CARRYING A BURDEN.
Few classes of business men whose
operations are at all extensive are
carrying such a burden of debt as ha:
been assumed by the average ranch
man of the west. They are generally
of a moneyed class, but have as a rule
not only inivested their surplus, but
have drawn largely upon their per
sonal credit. So great is the genera]
confidence of these men in the future
of their business that they have no!
hesitated to avail themselves of. out
side financial aid, in enlarging it to
an extent that they would regard as
hazardous if directed in any other
(than il. I& the face of fournaist
i f~roreIn many parts of the east ovei
the wild chances of- profit in a bus*
ness so liable'to be affected byc tj
brigorsio io ti.e seaso, th.. who a
best informed concerning te
b tions surrounding rianehia
' a paonstantl r f I
GREAT FALLS TRIBUNE.
:Wck. I$I=jK3.18 4.1$ . Il: 13
Imt 1. t 5. . 7. 1 lr i15. '5,
Simo;na' i 9. 10. 15. 30. 1 55. 11p,
1 yar... 1 12.1 1 25. I 50. 1 Itj sW ,
B-.'uiness notices in reading matt-r, 25 cents
p r line.
Business notices 15 cents per line for first in.
sortion, and 10 cents p'r line for each subsequent
insertion of same matter.
ranch property a common article un
der the sheriff's lairmer? The fact
th- is, an execution issued against a
ranchman is ai novel document indeed,
and there is many a wide scope of
bleak frontier on which such an in
nul strument has never been seen.
art While this vindicates the confi.
ac- dence of cattlemen, it is evidently
na felt to be just is well not to overdo
o! the thing of undertaking to do an im
mense business on a slender capital,
th The pressure of the times is felt oa
ng the plains of Montana, as well as else
wg. where; and the effect is seen in a dis
;g position quite general net to enlarge
erP- bsiness operations too strongly at
of the present time. There is no great
al- quantity of ranch stock on the mar
as ket, and yet an occasional holder is
Nul ready to ease himself of a load by sel
)ld ling out. Just now is a period of
>er quiet on the froitier; yet while but
tat r little is being done in the way of
be pushing the cattle induitry, there is
•rd no tendency to discouragement, and
ss prospects are regarded with serenity
ed by those who, if there was any ground
ed for alarm, would be the first to discover
Ils its existence. Nothing but the sudden
ply appearance of malignant contagion
th on the plains can seriously impair the
ly confidence of the cattlemen.
Im THE QUARANT!NE.
a1 The Piounr, published at Mandan,
ig Dakota, says of our quarantine:
l- Montana's quaranti tie against cattle
ut coming from Missouri, Illinois and
.r other States is causing great loss and
ek hardship to stockmen. A Mr. Fly,
li- who has 1,000 head of cattle destined
en to Springdale, Montana, has been at
ed the Mandan stock yards for two days
to because the quarantine officers refuse
ss to allow him to enter the Territory,
°d his stock having came from Missouri.
re Although they are apparently free
ta from disease, he will be compelled to
ur turn them on the range this side of
'd, the Montana line and herd them for
- 90 days. He has some $15,000 or $2
,e 000 invested in this lot of cattle a
"k will have to buy ponies and hire he
a- ers to take care of them. This qu
II. antine business of the stockmen
i- Montana will virtually drive out
h- the small dealers and stockmen. com
te pelling them to buy their young bulls
a- from large owners at their own fig
r- ures. The stockmen's association of
id Montan has evidently been arranging
le for the present state of affairs to
a- profit by it, as they have an unusual
s, number of young bulls on hand for
s the occasion. A retaliation of quar
antine on the part of Illinois would
of entirely destroy the stock interests of
of ha rlp r~~, '.L ,, ,
t THE MORMON P ROTEST.
It The authorities of the Mormon
Church have sent to the Provident an
appeal for what they are pleased to
- call justice, and a protest against the
iniquity done by the United States
courts in sending holy saunts to prison
for committing the crime of polyga
Imy. The gist of their argument is
is that polygamy is morally right be
cause Brigham Young once said that
et its righteousness had been revealed
to him from heaven. But it is reinem
'y bered that the doctrine of "blood
e. atonement"--which was put into
practice in the Mountain Meadow
massacre and in many single murders,
was also justified by the Mormons on
o the the ground cf "revalation" of the
s, Brigham Young sort. But thelaw of
a the United States holds murder to be
a crime and treats it as such in spite
of anybody's "revalation" to the con
n trary. and precisely the same thipgis
etrue of polygamy, The protest goes
- on to protest against thecourse of the
United States in making the con
sciences of the people generally bind
ing upon those wno think differently.
d But that is precisely what we do in
the ease of other criminnls, Many an
enterprising burglar would like to be
held exempt from pupishmept for his
offences on the ground that he does
i not share the prejudices and consci
entious scrupels of the community
generally as to the impropriety of
THE TREASURY FISD.
e In speaking of the recent discovery
it made in the Treasury at Washington
r- the Philadelphia Newsr ays:
d. "The recent find in the Treasury
count of a box eontaining old jewels
and a4lsk of attar of. roses is de
scribed as the pro of President
t- Monroe, given to him bythe Japanese
o government. It~ hsaid ithat these
gaiftwelreplaed IlttPreasury tutil
SConusa should give its conisotto
the np e thearticles. Astwe
c had uo relations with the J
r government of aav kind v n
#, t ois mory sa ot sta d. Thereis no
o Iidne lhat ethey wurintee ed
S onree. Theae it ns,
iri ýl r f J,~22~~22~~2
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