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Great Falls tribune. (Great Falls, Mont.) 1885-1890, June 11, 1885, Image 3

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GREAT FALLS TRIBUNE.
WILL IIANX , Pusri:n.
THE INDUC:MEr;Ts OFFERS .
"What are the inducements offered
by Montana to the Aettler?" and -what
business can I uigage in with 'rolit.
with a small capital?" are the usual
questions that are pouring into the
Montana newspaper oflices at the pres
ent time by na:nerons eastern inma1s
itors who are desiring to change their
location. A newspaper office is not
exactly a bureau of informat:oa or an
authority on the many industries of
the Territory which mar be profitably
engaged in, as une man may n ake a
success of a business while his neigh
bor, engaged in the same calling. may
make a decided failure. The average
eastern man has a hankering four the
cattle business, probably because he
has heard of the falmlous profits of the
industry; while o hers are enamored
by the success which has attended
those engaged in sheep husban dry.
Others are content with a choce
one hundred and sixty acres of Uncle
Sam's domain. on which to engage in
the pursuit of agrie-lture, an I still
there is another class of inquisitors
that want a "job" of some kin-d no
matter whaf
Now, as a general thieg the avera''
Montana editor has notbeie else to no
hut to answer these inquiries, and
dodge his creditors. the latter occupa
tion consuming mnre time than the
former. But. with all his failings
he is an ncconjmodating and
obliging p'rsnnage, and if a cor
respondent would ask him an even
bushel of questions he v o0nld feel
duty hbound to answer one and =01 of
them as try thfally as possible. and
would tell the man with a small capi
tal that if he has a will to work he
could not help but oucceed in Men
tanm.
the cattle business which in the
past, and is at the present time pay
ing a profit exceeding that of any
other industry in the Territory, will
do for a man to engage in that has
the requisite amount of capitalwhich
should not be less than from 873,000
to $100,000. The small owner has no
business on the cattle ranges of Mon
tana to-day, the expenses 'incurred
will exceed the profits. Large com
panies with capitals of from :5(0.O0t)(
to '2.IX0.t)) have also-bed all the
small owners. and control the ranges,
and can make it decidedly unpldesant
and unprofitable for a stranger with
a small herd who drives on what they
are pleased to term their range, with
out their consent. They rofu' e to
round-up with the new-corner. and
annoy him in numerous ways, until he
is glad to get out of the hs ni ss by
disposing of his hand to his persec.
tors. But a man with sufficient capi
tal to cope with the cattle lords. can
invest his money to no better advan
tage than in Montana range cattle.
The interest is so protected that the
loss, other than that of the elements,
or the declin- in prie '. is re hnol to a
-minimum. But for the eastern man
with no experience, and a meager
capital, we would advise him to steer
clear of the cattle industry, unless
confined to a small band, which he
can pisrsosally supervise and have
under his control at all times. Asso
ciated with ranching this would un
dou]'tedly prove a lucrative indltry,
as stall-fed beef comnmanls a high
price and a ready market.
Wool growing in Montana has
proved a succes:;, despite our rigorous
winters. Our wool is rapidly gaining
favor among the large manufacturers
for its fine, strong fibre, and we confi
dently expect to see it rival the Au
tralian and New Zealand product in
a few years. At the present no wool
produced in the United States com
mands a ITice in advance of the Mon
tana clip. The business is a safe one
as well as profitable. A start can be
made from a very meager capital, and
when once on a solid footing a man
with ordinary judgment and manage
ment cannot fail to make At a success.
Considerable money has been lost in
Montana in the industry, we admit,
but in every case it can be traced to
mismagement, not to any defect of the
country. The only prevalent disease
is scab, which is successfully treated
in its most virulent form by the care
ful master. No business wiW take
care of itself, and the man wio en
gages in the wool-growing business
mist expect to give it his attention,
otherwise he will make a failure. An
eastern man with a capital of from
g4,000 to $10,000 can make a very re
spectable start. The expenses to be
incurred the first year will exceed
those of the next three. It is calcu
lated the clip will pay all the ex
penses of running a band for a year,
nd the increase is net profit. Ordin
ary sheep by the band are worth
at present from $2.75 to $3.50 per
head. A band of sheep contains from
1,000 to 1,300 head, more or less, and
are handled by one man, the year
round, except during the lambing
season. A great many sheep are
driven into the Territory from other
seotioas, whore they can be precurod
chnaper, but for th3 im2x)rcencoJ
m -n w shing s > ga e in the i icu
try, our advice wo id be to purchase
acclimated she; p, an.1 take none but
tlie o di'ary risk. For the amonit
capital and lab ir require" , no bu i
ncss p .s i e ter in Monti na to say
h1 n wo 4l growing.
STh .0 iring to engave i1 fors
i: s r ra-iching as it is termed here-
c f uhnl a large scope of iirabe land
f om which to make a choice, and if
they employ the means nec uda iiy
adopted in the east, cannot help but
ma:e it a suCCeSS. Strict grain rais
ing will not prove as profitable as
inixel farming. Let the mean who
desires to engage in this industry,
nake butter, raise poultry and hogs,
a'id we venture to say he will make
as much money as those engaged in
other industries. The idea of a farm
er contfnng himself to cultivating no
other marketable product than oats,
which they have done heretofore, and
buy their neet, lard. eggs and butter'
Why it is simply preposterous, and
oe olly wonder that they have man
aged to keep the wolf from the door.
Let the farmers test the value of Mon
tinaila soil and puoduce those products
which the werchant is now impurtirg.
and the industry will pay a profit.
Monitanas l e chi land is too valuable
for more grazing purip)ses; it will
lproduce wheat. The stock interests
have no title to the land. The land
is yours if you comply with the laws
regardin'g it.
WVE are promised a long article
shortly on the horse, from the pen of
a ge.tleman thitoughl' acquainted
with the industrv.
Tur wool clip in northern Mont:pna
will heo marketed fully a month in ad.
vance of last year. It is estimated
that two-thirds of the crop will be
sold at torne.
HON. JAMEs FEIrRs, a member of
the late lamented., gos after editor
Sut -rIlilke an irate mother-irn-law
in r iaard to the salarr bill. It looks
as thoagh o. S. would have to let go.
Tax transfer or a goodly portion of
A. N. I -r & lIr.'-s extensive bui
ni-ss to re(at h all i of Irvat inmpor
tl:'e, ;and alr large ilr' s will nat
urall ' llow in their wk.Cap~ital
re(':- ?; r t in~e tllmeat will find no
Stter pla oc than Great Falls. Her
many a-v y.es justifles this asser
tion1.
Tur lioneer Press sums uip Mon
tana moli a in a column article, in
which D) sate Toole is made to ap
p -- ia lre- evyed monster, while
ox-?V-l to 21aginnis is working the
ýsure thing" racket for Governor
Calrpentelrs offlcial shoes, and Hon.
S. T. Hanser is held up as a prevari
cator. The United States marshal is
to lose his official hen I shortly, but
his successor is not nared.
Tur Secretary of the Interior has
decided that larnds purchased by the
Unitc-d States and transferred to the
Interior Department, are to be re
garded as a part of the public domain
held in trust for the people, the same
as land acquired by cession. The
question arose from the discussion of
the act of July 5, 1884, provided for
the transfer to the Interior Depart
ment of certain land formerly used as
military reservations.
WITa good wagon roads centering
from every direction; a reasonable as
surance of railroad communication
with the outer world at no distant
day; the greatest available water
power in the known world; the largest
and best coal field west of the Missis
sippi, and surrounded by the largest
acreage of agricultural and grazing
land in Montanait would naturally pre
seat itself to any unprejudiced and fair
minded man that Great Falls pos
sessed all the advantages necessary to
make her a city of great importance.
Iv would be impossible to calculate
the value of the rin. which visited us
last week, although the stock interest
sustained sonic slight loss. The range
was suffering badly; the 'grass pre
senting a woe-begone appearance, aid
stockmen were disconsolate. The
ranchmen were not less affected ; their
crops were at a stand-still, and seem
ed to be deteriorating. All classes
were grumbling, and it looked decid
edly blue. But since the rain, the
crops and grass have taken a now
lease of life, and promise an abundant
harvest, and all interested are corres
pondingly happy.
THE Canadian Pacific railway com
pany have notifled the American
railway lines that it will no longer
carry passengers from the United
States and eastern provinces into
Manitoba and the Northwest at im
migration rates. It is the intention
of the Canadian Pacific to force the
force the traffic over its own line north
of Lake Superior, which is now com
pleted. The effect of this may be to
arouse competition on the part of
American railways, and the settle
ment of the western states may be
advanced at the expense of the Cana
dian territories.
THE advantages possessed by nor
thern Montana will never be realized
or appreciated until the advent of a
railroad. The natural advance of our
varied industries will necessarily be
slow w:thout the tL of c'nrc;tion
with the outside world. Men m` y
say that the canntryis not sufficiently
Si eelopd to justify the building of a
road, but they do not know whereof
they speak. They are unacquainted
with ozr vast resources, and fail to
calculate the effect the building of a
road would prodnce towards develop
ing them. Noithern Montana de
iaonds a railroad, and the first cor
poration that comes to our succor will
not find us an ungrateful peopla.
AT the Commissioners meeting last
week it was unanimously decided not
to grant the petition for a road from
Great Falls to Bali's Head. What
objections the board had for not
{ granting the petition we are not in
formed. It was asked for by some of
the heaviest tax-payers in the county
who certainly have a right to expect
some consideration and bnefit from
the money they annually contribute
to the county. Nevertheless, the road
j from Great Falls to Ball's Head has
been laid out and is now in good con
dition, and will certainly be traveled
to some extent. If the commissioners
do nut ciI fit to grant the tax-payers
suffiie nt money to keep the road up,
it will 1e done by private subscrip
tion.
Tun growth and l)rosptxity of Great
Falls is mot a matter of pafrenage.
Its natural advantages places it far
beyond the poser of man to control.
Its magnificent water power sur
rounded by a country able to produce
sufficienit to justify its utilization will
make it a Ireat city despite all oppo
sition mortal man can invent. The
idiotcy of its enemies in decrying it
has the effect of showing their dense
ignorance and unmanliness. Great
Falls would scorn the patronage of
this class, and so far as their senso
less va orings against it are concern
ed they amount simply to nothing.
The future of Great Falls is assured,
while the future of the poor fools
that. imagine they are injuring its
prospects, is not.
COME WEST.
The Chicago Curreit gives good
advice to the growlers of the East, as
follows:
Let the moneyed men of the East
who are quarrelin g and undercarrying
C ene West with the ir capital. Tim, s
are unquestioniably better out here.
Ihailway problem, of far greater con.
plexity than those of the East are set
tled here e iaer than the simplest form
of cut-throat war on the seaboard.
Come out here with your sixty mil
lions of congested capital and silver
will keep rising until the whole fi nan
cial question shall have settle.l itself.
And that is the only way it can ever
be settled.
Let them come further West. They
will find plenty of fine investments
waiting for them. Good investments
in every form of property. They can
buy real (state and build and ble sure
of a fair return; they can buy stock
farms and stock, gold and silver mines,
or can invest in any of a dozen forms
of property, where their money will
be safe and a fairer income will be as
sureed than they can hope for in the
East. If their complaints against the
« est are sincere: if they really fancy
that the men of the West are given
opportunities which are withhul l from
them, let them come and share the
advantages which the West offers.
They need not live here unless they
desire to, and, still, if they were to
once come and get a taste of the fresh
air of the far West, they would come
a second time; they would vibrate be
tweernthe East and West for two or
three years, and then would settle
down to live where the winter is not
freighted with the breath of Labrador,
and where the summers are not like.
suburbs to the original Sheol. There I
is every reason in the world why East
ern people who are able should come
to the far West. It would expand.
their ideas about a great many things
They would gain new ideas abc ut dis
tance; they would learn something of
what it is to blaze the trails over
which civilization with stainless san
dals is to follow; they would find
where, in mountain and river, in col
ors that can never fade, some of. Na
ture's loveliest pictures have been
patuted; they would see with their
own eyes what pains Nature took to
guard from intrusion her treasure
chambers, covering them with crags,
drawing around them the mantle of
the desert and placing Desolation a
sentinel to guard them. They would
find a generous and just people, too;
a people quite worthy of their ac
quaintance, and who, armed with the
legends and experiences and discip
lined by the hard life of the West,
would furnish them with amusement,
if not, sometimes, with instruction. I
After the journey they would appear
to better advantage at home. They
would know a great deal more than
when they came away, though they
would not perhaps admit the fact, and
never again, after a good visit West,
would they pity the people here and
grieve that all the advantages of civ
ilization are denied them. By all
means let them come West.-Salt
Lake Tribune.
SWORN TO KILL RtIEL.
A Winnipeg special says: A secret
society has been formed here, com
posod of men who were imprisoned
by Riel, both in thiz zan in the pro
vious rebellion, and those who have
had friends or relatives put to death
or tortured by the rebels, all of whom
have taken oath to have Riel's life if
he is not sentenced to death. The
society will send representatives to
watch the trial at Regina. This
movement is encouraged by the act of
the French half breeds here to raise
money to aid in Riel's defence. The
rebellion has demonstrated how ut
terly useless is the mounted police
force and Gen. Middleton has advised
the government to lose no time in
abolishing it. Riel is fast be
coming an object of contempt among
the Rio ian Catholics, from whom it
was expected that he would receive
aid in his trial. Rev. Father Andre
of Prince Albert states that he was
visited by Riel before the uprising,
who offered. if he would lend his in
fluence to the half breeds in the rc
bell)o10 and get other Catholic priests
to do likewise; that the church should
receive half of all the half-breeds ob
tained by the rebellion. Father An
dre indignantly refused to hear of
such a proposition. Riel thou offered
to leave the country ft the government
would give him $2,000. He complain
ed bitterly of the way the government
treated him in 1379, Sir John Mac
donald having promised him $3.000
which he did not receive, to leave the
country. Sir John Macdonald, he
said, stated in the house that he had
only given him (Riel) : 1,000, but as a
matter of fact he had received through
M. Prue over 4.000. These are facts
never before made public, and their
publication will create a great sensa
tion all over Canada. R1el told
Father Andre that unless the govern
ment gave him enough money to car
ry himself and family to Lower Can
ada he would raise a storm than would
cost them $830,000,000 and much blood
to subdue. Father Andre asked his
infiueuce to induce the government to
comply with Riel's demand, but the
government replied that they did not
wish to hear anything about Riel and
they would do nothing. This porcip
itated the rebellion. Riel at once
sought revenge. Half terrified, the
half-breeds flew to arms. This is the
inside history of the half-breed rebel
lion of the Northwest.
3MUIII)EIi ANi) SUlI(DlE.
A Bozeman, Montana, special tele
g, r, dated June 2d. to the Pioneer
Press, says: La:-t night W. H. Mc
Murtie, of Gallatin, went to the resi
dence of Mrs. Kate Allen, a highly
respected widow living mýn the Ma li
son, and earnestly importuned her to
become his wife. This Mrs. Allen re
fused to do, whereupon McMurtie
drew a revolver and fired, wounding
her in the hand and shoulder. She
ran from the house toward a neigh
bor's, M1Murtie following with a fn
silade of pistol shots. Finding his
victim had escaped, he returned to her
house and shot hiniself through the
heart. He had frequently remarked
that life without Mrs. Allen was not
worth the living.
3MUTTON SHEEP.
AN exchange says: One of the ar
guments in favor of mutton sheep
over cows and beef cattle is the small
amount of capital required to start in
this branch of husbandry, the comn
paratively small amount of care in its
conduct, and the quick returns it
makes. They multiply so rapidly that
a score will soon become a hundred,
and this with little care except at
lambing time. With little pains a
small flock can be cheaply bought in
the autumn which in the spring will
make a return of wool and lambs that
will often pay the first cost and not a
little of the winter's keeping.
Beachley Bros. & Hickory,
General News Dealers and Stationers
Caudies, Nuts, Tobacco, Cigars and Siiokers' Arlicles.
Prices to Suit the Times.
William H McKay James F McKay
McKay Brothers,
I K
MAK ERS,
Contractors and Builders.
Wholesale and Retail Dealers in
Brick, Stone, Lie & General
BUM ING MATERIAL.
Great Falls, ,- Montaba
MURPHY, MAOLAY & C0.,
GREAT FALLS, - - - MONTANA
DEALERS IN
Sash, Doors, Nails, Tarred Paper, and Building
Material of all Kinds.
Also ealersin GGENERAL MERCHAND ISE O All
Ursuline Convent
--OF THE
HOLY FAMILY.
Near Ft Shaw, M. T.,
The Utsuline Nuns have lately opened a school
at St Peter's Mission for the young girls of the
country. Ever advi:ntaie for acquiring a com
ilet' education is affoid d by this institution
Termts: SI 0 per mo1th: Tuition
free. Music Lessons $5 a1 mo1th.
For further poti ulars apply to
Rev Mother M. Amadeno Superior,
FT SHAW, MONT
A boarding school for boys has alsosheen opened
at the s us Mission und r directionofthe
Tesrtit I '_='athuers
The object of this iustitution is to afford
means of solid mental ard moral educa
tion for the boys
TERMS: Tuition free. Board :,1l per month,
Apply to REV J. DAMIANI. S. J.
Fr SIIAW, MONT
Aguta Exchange!1
Crami & Stun tlia't. Props.
Brandst 811 $ of Ul (101,
Choice Imported Cigars,
Fine Old Brandy and Whisky,
Extra XXXX Wines, Etc., Etc.
Good Billiard Table
And Privato Club rooms.
Agusta. Mont.
OLD AGENCY, M. T.
George Richards, Pror.,
Livery, Feed and Sale
Stable in connection
Stages to tLe i ailu .d tyd ti poi n 'n th
Territory.
MRS. W. W. EVANS,
iseanlstress a1d Dress Mager.
Cutting and Fitting a Specialty.
Sun River, - . Mont
TENTH YEAR
OF PUBLICATION
The only illustrated Magazine devoted to the
development of the Great West. Contains a
vast amount of general informatlon and spe.
cial articles on subjects of interest to all. Ably
conducted! Superbly illustrated!
Only $2 a year. L. Samuel, Publisher, No. 122
Front street, Portland, Or.
1884 18fe
IRA viYERS. E, G. MACLAY.
~~~V it IsLs e
COMPANY.
Ira Myers & Co., Proprietors.
Manufacture and Keep in Stock all. Kinds of
Dressed andd
Lath, SIfu1ingle and
Will Fill Orners Direct Frmni the Saw if so Desired.
Wm.Warner,
PROPRIETOR
Great
Eoarding by the Day or Week
Livery & Feed Stable in Connection
CHARGES REASONABLE.
Great Falls Blacksmith Shop,
WM. J. PRATT, PROP.
Blil~lfllMAND WO INGff1 OF ALL KINDS.
I am prepared to do any class of work in myline, and in a most thorough &
workmanlike manner. All work done on short notice.
ALL JiISEASES OF 11ff FEET i1IF1E.JD.SEIJCESSHJ[MWO
Livery, Draft aad Mule Shceing.
Cor. 1st & 3d Sts. - - Great Fall
GREAT FALLS
C, N. Dickinson, Prop.
A Choice L~ig of Meats Kfept Iollstaltly Oil Haild.
YOUR PATRONAGE SOLICITED.
CR188 & HARVEY,
Blacksmiths AND RepairerS.
Horse Shoeing a Spebialty.
We desire to thank our friends for past favors end will be thank.
ful for a liberal remembrance in the future.
ESrA BjI.satan~ 8177.
The Minneapolis Sheepskin Tannery,
AND DEZAL5I8 IN
HIDE8, SHEEF PELTS. FURtS. TALLOWI
G~insra.ni 8n eneca Root.
S esp "P1tsa. Spcat

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