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GREAT FALLS TRIBUNE.
Published Every Thursday attreatFalls, M. T. WILL HAIKN, PISImsr. THE WEST AND ITS FUTURE. It is bu~t a very short time since that "the West," as a term applied to a portion of the United States, convey ed a very indefinite and erroneous idea to the mind of the average east ern man. Even among the most in telligent, the opinion prevailed that its confines were the confines of civil ization, and that the Indian and des perado were the important factors of its social and political fabric. This is erroneous. The Indian is tame and tractable now. His companion, the desperade, has long since made his exit, giving place to a prosperous and law-abiding people. In connection with this an exchange says: Eastern people will find, by a visit to the West, a civilization equal in every respect to what they have left behind; a country peopled by an active, intelligent, aggressive, pros perous community, whose energy add enterprise are rewarded as they can not be in the crowded centers of the older commonwealths. In truth, this same West, with its teeming millions, matchless opportunities, virgin soil, and enexhaustible mineral wealth, is destined ere long to become not only the center of our political and com mercial system, but the manufactur ing and distributing center. The men of push and energy who are now helping develop it, rank among the most patriotic citizens. The Penn sylvanian or Now Yorker, who. prompted by a spirit of enterprise, or discouraged by limited homne oppor tiuities, left, to seek and push his fortune in the West, has not parted with his patriotic impulses. His new field of labor may enlarge his sphere of usefulness, but he is as proud, aye, prouder, if possible, of the American flag, than the folks at the old home stead. The change has broadened his views and developed faculties which otherwise would have remained dor mant, but it has certainly not miti gated against his ability to success fully contend with his eastern com petitor, from a business standpoint. The great bulk of those who are now settling, and who have settled in the West, are not only a pushing, but a reading and intelligent people. To those who have formed different opin ions of her people and her institu tions, we say: "Come to the West and see for yourselves." TO THE CAP1TALIST AND SETTLER. Montana offers superior induce ments to both the capitalist and set tler. Many of our promising indus tries feel sadly the need of capital to further their development. We have railroads to build, factories and mills to erect, beside which, there are other branches where capital can find safe and profitable investment. We want the settler, to produce the products to keep these mills and factories in active operation. Montana will furnish the soil, and of a nature too, that will make the production of grains and other products profitable. WHAT Northern Montana needs to further the development of her varied resources is capital. There are lying idle in the New York and Philadel phia banks at the present time over $190,000,000, which is paying the de positors only a very small percentage. By transferring a portion of this im mense sums to Montana, it would find a safe and paying investment to its owners, and would further the devel opment of the finest section in the United States. We have good mines of gold, silver. copper, iron and coal, which need capital to develop them, and without which they are compar atively worthless for the time being. We need capital to build a railroad, so as to place us within reach of a center where to find an outlet for the surplus of our products. We want capital to invest in our stock interests, whichwill insure a larger percent profit in one year from the investment than can be realized in four years, the way they have their wealth in vested, and it will be just as secure. Tas Sand Coulee coal field is des ftined to play a very important part toward developing northern Montana. The value of this immense deposit of coal is attracting considerable atten tion among the moneyed men of the east. The presence here of a party of prospectors, backed by a wealthy Iowa company, is conclusive evidence that they are coming to the front and will ere long have abundance of capi tal to develop and place their product alongside that of other countries. The Sand Coulee coal field has been prospected sufficiently to establish beyond a doubt that it embraces fully 350 square miles, and further work will undoubtedly yet add to this large area. The quality of the coal is es tablished. It has proved its worth, both prrctically and scientifically and has witlstood the most severe tests to which it has been subjected. CmEr among Montana's industreis whI c ray 'a handsome profit are cat tie, horse and sheep raising, all of which require more or less capital in the start. Farming will pay a good per cent. if conducted in a business like manner. Associate with this in dustry .that of stock raising of the different kinds on a limited scale, and it will pay handsomely. The dairy bus iness is another industry which has received but little attention. This it not because it is not profitable, but for the reason that the Territory is not sufficiently developed to admit of each and every minor industry being fully represented. Montana imports from the States two-thirds of the but ter she annually consumes, and eggs in carload lots. To this industry she offers unexcelled natural advantages for its successful and economical fur therance. Trx recent storms have shown the necessity of having a better road be tween Helena and Benton. It is right to have local roads through the bot tom lands for convenience sake, but for a main thoroughfare, and one of such vast importance as the road from Helena to Benton, where thousands of people are dependent upon its con dition for supplies, mail, etc., a better located road will certainly have to be selected at no distant day. The late flood demonstrated the unfitness of the bottom roads, and the only re course will be to establish them on the higher lands, which in every re spect are better, and will always be in condition to admit of travel. THE Livingston Enterprise has en tered on the third year of its publi cation. The Enterprise is a "way up" country paper. We trust it may live many years, and prove a financial suc cess to its proprietors, who are wide wake, enterprising newspaper men. FROt(M HELENA. HELENA, MONT., June 18, 1885. EDITOR GREAT FALLS TRIBUNE: DEAR SIR--Your paper comes to us in as good form as any paper that I have ever seen and is well worthy of your enterprising little town. Your editorial on "Inducements Offered," barring the editor's little joke, is just what the eastern people want to know of this great country. Having had about twenty years' experience in the east I feel that I can speak with some authority upon this point. It is a noted fact that some of our most val ued interests are corralled and the policy is not to advise those having money to invest of the real facts. In my judgment this is a great mistake and is doing Montana real harm. The more eastern capital seeks our Terri tory for the development of its mines of gold, silver mind coal, and for the building of such factories and smelt ing works as we need here, the better it will be for the final development of all these interests. The time has not gone by when we can yet hear the cry that the "railroad has killed the coun try." The railroad has changed the former condition of things and has united us with the outside world. No far-seeing man will say that the Nor thern Pacific railroad, considering that to certain points it has no compe tition, has not done excellent service, at a fair cost. Great Falls is destined be a large manufacturing town, having all the natural advantages that has made St. Paul and Minneapolis such prosper ous cities. With its coal fields that promise the supply for this whole Territory, and its immense water power, the town should be built dur ing the next few years without any doubt. Trusting I have not imposed on your good nature, I am very truly yours. L. V. STYLES. THE HORSE. The following from a Colorado pa per regarding the horse industry, while [perhaps not applicable to Montana, nevertheless contains some points which will prove interesting to our horsemen: Raising Horses has been regarded as the most hazardous and least prof itable of all farming. Too often country horse jockeys have furnished sires of the lowest cost and in the worst condition of fatness and idle ness, and village jockeys have made the profits whenever a horse has proved worth the buying. In many sections this is now changed. The farmers provide valuable stallions of their own, raise enough horses of a good class to attract city buyers, get good prices, and make the business highly profitable. Whatever class of horses may be raised, if enough are to be found to gether to enable the buyer to secure them in carload lots at uniform prices, I he can afford to pay one-third more for each one than he can pay if they I are widely scattered and must be i hunted up, priced, and brought to gether at a great expense. Where but one horse of a kind is 4 owned, be is liable to be sold for half his value, or to be held at a fictitious price until he eats his head off anid is past selling. The selling-value of a -4 hor~se depeuns on the estimation in which he is held. An isolkkted owner cannot well tell what that should be.,1 Often an iznquiry or a visit from some -one at a distance ~doubles the asking price of a horse. Recently a Missou ri man had a Morgan colt that he was eager to sell at five hundred dollars. But when one was ready to go five hundred miles to buy the colt if he suited, asked the price of the animal, the owner replied that it was worth one thousand dollars, but that he would take eight hundred. Such cases are of so frequent occurrence that a buyer cannot afford to hunt up scattered horses and bring them to gether, after paying anything like the value they would have if they were all in one neighborhood. In the more progressive parts of the country breeders are learningtto join breeding one class of horses, to raise the best of these to sell as early as possible and to make handsome profits. BLOODED BULLS. Thirty--Seven Thousand Dollars' Worth Given Away. The benevolent purposes of our wealthy men have shown themselves in many ways, but we know of none of a more practical natare than the purpose, which has been carried into effect, of Mr. James J. Hill, president of the Manitoba railroad company. Mr. Hill has a fine stock farm about twelve miles out from St. Paul, where the eyes of the lovers of fine stock have sparkled and glistened with pleasure many times at the sight of the magnificent specimens of blooded stock kept by Mr. Hill. Not satisfied with his efforts in the immediate vi cinity of his farm, Mr. Hill has dis tributed along the line of the Mani toba road a large number of blooded bulls of some of the best breeds for the purpose of improving the stock belonging to the farmers in Minne sota and Dakota. Mr. Hill's project first went into effect in June of 1884, when he distributed ten Galloway bulls, four Shorthorns, and twenty Polled Angus bulls, all thoroughbreds. This year he has distributed sixty Polled Angus and forty Shorthorn thoroughbred bulls. For each bull a contract is signed by both Mr. Hill and the party who takes charge of the bull. In the preamble is stated the desires and purposes of Mr. Hill. It recites that that gentleman "is in terested in, and desirous of promot ing, the successful raising of stock in Minnesota and Dakota, and deems it important to the development, suc cess and profitableness of this indus try that the breed of stock in said State and Territory should be im proved, and to this end has imported into this country, and is now engaged in Minnesata, blooded stock, from which he is desirous of disseminating through the State and Territory afore said better and improved breeds." The parties who have possession and management of the bulls during the contracts must give them the best care and feed them in the best way to promote their usefulness. During the months of May, June, July, Au gust and September of each year, each of the parties in charge of the bulls shall have the use of the bull for two of his cows only, so long as the contract lasts. Provision is made in the contract that to the proper ex tent of the capacity of the bull, all cows brought shall be served, not to exceed a certain number each week, the number being stipulated for each week in the year, and all parties bringing cows for service are to be treated alike. Referees are designated who shall have the right to enter up on the premises of the one having the bull in charge, for the purpose of see ing that the animal is properly cared for, and whether the contract in all its terms is faithfully observed. If from any reason the contract is not kept, then Mr. Hill has the right to take away the bull and place it else where, without previous notice, the party having the bull being liable for damages for any breach of the con tract. If the contract is faithfully kept for four years, then the bull be comes the absolute property of the one having him in charge; but until then it remains and is the property of Mr. Hill. During the existence of the contract the person having the bull in charge is entitled to charge one dollar, but u.o more, for the ser vice of each cow. With such gener ous provision made for the improve ment of the breeds in Minnesota and and Dakota, those comnmunities should become noted for the uniform excel lence of their breed of cattle; for all of which they will be under everlast ing obligations to Mr. HilL THE WO'?L MARKET. Bradstreet's last report of the wool trade says: "Interest in the wool trade centers for the presentin the in terior where the markets are active, if not excited, and prices strong. On the seaboard nothing has occurred to interrupt the comparative dullness of the present month. Stock of desira ble wools are light, and some kinds, as for instance Ohio fine delaine, are virtually out of supply altogether. Manufacturers are buying ,only for current needs, and these are for sev eral reasons smalL While not a few -prominent factories are extremely busy on order business, others are prodneing no more fabrics than her tpfore, and their owners see n pros pet of an imediato resumption of fullope " A SUCCESSFUL BEAR HUNT. Five Bears Killed From a 'Single Camp. The credit of killing the most bears in the shortest space of time in the Rocky Mountains in modern times belongs to our fellow-citizen L. B. Wells. It was less than three weeks ago that Mr. L. B. Wells, of Helena, and George S. Gordon, of Prickly Pear valley, armed with Winchesters and provided with a traveling and camping outfit of wagon, horses, tent and supplies, started on the hunt for a valuable horse that had strayed away Mr. Wells while fishing on the Little Blackfoot some five weeks ago. Getting upon the tr i1 of the lost horse, they followed on until they found themselves ij the mountains between Nevada cre and the town of Drummond, in Deer Lodge county. Finally losing the trail among the rugged peaks of the highest ranges of the Rockies, the hunters resorted information from therandhmen living -down in the valley , who gave them pointers that carried them to the al most inaccessible parks that were known to be hid away in the moun tains surrounded by thick timber, marshes and lakes. It was in such a place as this that our hunters, while looking for the haunts of a band of horses that were believed to be corral led somewhere in one of these parks, that they saw bear signs enough to show them that they were in the midst of these savage brutes, and that they must be constantly on the watch for fear of being pounced upon from their lairs. Mr. Wells was accompanied by his famous hunting dog, whose intel ligence in the woods has proved re markable in former trying occasions, and whose sagacity at the present time tested his value to his master and his companion. The situation of "bears to the front of you, bears to the right of you, and bears to the rear of you" got so interesting that it was a ques tion of whether the hunters would hunt bears or be hunted. In this anxious quandary it was not long be fore the dog gave tongue in a man ner that indicated something extra ordinary, and as the music came near er and nearer it was but a few mo ments before bear number one came in sight, snapping and snarling at the dog at his heels. The hunters dis mounted in a moment and prepared for battle. On came a large grizzly, or silver-tip, rolling and tumbling from side to side in his efforts to got away from the dog. As he came with in sixty yards of Mr. Wells' Winches ter and presented a favorable spot for a dead shot, he let drive and planted his bullet between the shoulders of the bear and his backbone. Mr. Wells, knowing that he has given bruin his death wound, and throwing another cartridge into place for fear that there were two of them, he called to Mr. Gordon to come in at the death. The hunters then gathered around the huge monster, which, unable to get up, was clutch ing and biting the under brush and everything in reach, while the dog amused himself tugging at the hams of the dying bear. In about fifteen minutes the bear was dead, with only one bullet hole in his skin. During a week spent in the recesses of these mountains Mr. Wells killed five bears. The remarkable part of the killing of the bears is that each one was killed with a single bullet. The territorial bounty was obtained from the treasurer upon the cirtificate from a Justice of the peace in Deer Lodge county.-Herald. RIEL'S FATE. The Canadian press seems to be in favor of rigorous measures in dealing with Riel. The Toronto Mail says: "No doubt the general public will to a large and wide extent imitate the conduct of the troops in General Middleton's camp, who maintained an attitude of stern reserve during the reception of the prisoner. The law will take its due course, whatever that may be. Our people, our sold iers and our government have in this affair proceeded with dignity and firmness and spirit and these will characterize them to the end." The Toronto World says: "Riel should be dealt with in the stearnest manner, and the best way to bring the hostile Indians to their senses is to make an example of the instigator of the rebellion. Neither his race nor creed should be any cloak for such a crime as he has just committed." Says the Toronto News: "The hanging of rebels has gone out fash ion; but Riel's case is not an ordinary one. He should either be hanged or shot. Who will intercede for the scoundrel? Will Blake, to capture the French votes by asking for Riel's release? Dare Sir John-let the mur derer free? Not much, Riel must hang. Dumonthad grievances. He was a resident and a brave man. If mercy is to be shown, he should re ceive it." A correspondent of the Pioneer Press visited the home otLoui Rie mother, near Winnipeg, and among other things says `Ia Riel'a hou; frwame and covered 'with glas rge ail, four inchesinl Pope 11 sent to Lo uiel companied by a medal, as a recogni tion of services in the rebellion of 1869. The pope, so assert the family, represented the nail to have come out of the cross upon which the Savior was crucified. The family thoroughly believe the story and keep a light burning constantly underneath the place where it is hanging on the wall. The nail looks ancient enough tohave come out of the ark. It has a large head on it and resembles much the nails used for hanging pictures. Louis Riel always carries the medal hung around his neck. Riel's mother is an intelligent looking old lady of about seventy-five years. She is still smart, but grieves day and night over the impending fate of her son, as she fears he will be hanged." Notice of Final Entry. Land Office at Selena, Montana, 1 June 19, 1885. NOTICE is hereby given that the following named settler has filed notice of his intention to make final proof in support of his claim, and that said proof will be made before the Register and Receiver of the U. S. Land office at Helena, Montana, MT on July 3L 1885, viz: Robert S Ells, who made homestead applica tion No 2199 for the NE'4 SW'. and Lots 2, 4, 5 and 6, see 11,township 19, N of R 2 E. He names the following witnesses to prove his continuous residence upon, and cuLtivation of, said land, viz: John Comer and Jeptha J Comer, of Sun River, M T, David H Churchill, Holena, Mont, and Win Ulm, of Sun River Montana, F. ADKINSOt'l, Register. NOTICE OF FINAL ENTRY. LAND OFFICE AT HELENA, MONT.. } June 19, 1885. 1 NOTICE is hereby given that the following named settler has tiled notice of his intention to make final proof in support of his claim, and that said proof will be made before E. E. By water, Notary Public, in and for Choteau county, Montana, at Sand Coulee, on July 31, 1885, viz: Benjamin K Shumate, who made pre-emption declaratory statement No 6620 for the NE'S of N E', section 9, and the Ws of NW?4 and N4I of SWR , section 10, township 18N of R 5 E, Ile name the following witnesses to prove his continuous residence upon, and cnltivtion of said Land, viz: Robert S Ball, Andrew T.Phillips, Sohn Bennett, and Robert Ray. F. ADKINSON, Register. NOTICE OF FINAL ENTRY. LAND OFFICE AT HELENA, M 1, Mary 27, 1885. Notice is hereby given that the following-nam ed settler has filed norice of his intention to make final proof in support of his claim, and that said proof will be made before J P Dyas, a Notary Public, in and for Meagher county, Mon tana, at Uilidia, M T., on July 10, 1835 viz: Samuel Adams, who made D. S. ho, 6732~for lots 2 and 3 section 29, lots 7 and §ion 19, and lot 10 section 2i), tp 19 N of R 2E. He names the following witnesses to prove his continuous residence u pon, and cultivation of, said land, viz: Samuel Dere More, of Sun River, M T. Charley B. Holt, of Sohnstown, M T, Lewis Shultz and David C. Eaton, of Sun River. M T. F. ADKINSON, Register. PROFESSIONAL CARDS. JB. NEWMAN, PHYSICIAN AND SURGEON, San River, - - Montana. DR. A. F. FOOTE, DENTIST, Broadway, - - . Helena, Ment. (A&ovu HERALD OFFICE) GERABTU. D. EDGERTON. ELBERT D. WEED. EDCERTON &KWEED, ATTORNEYS-AT-LAW, Th. Law of Reeal Estate and water rights made a specialty. PAICEXN DLOCK-COR. MAIN AND BROADWAT, HELENA, M. T. 6T- LOUIS HOTEL K) And Boll Ton Restaurant, Main Street, Helena FIFRST CLASS IN EVERY RESPECT S. S1usher, - - Proprietor. H P iROLaE W F PARuEza ROLFE & PARKER, Atorneys & Counselors Special attention given to Land and Mining Claims and (ollections. H *RLE U. S. Deha. Mineral Surveyor. GREAT FALLS CHIARLES G GUIFFITH EDMuND INtaERSOLL County Surveyor GRIFFITH &INGERSOLL, Mineral & Land Surveyors, Irrigating ditches and ranch surveys a specialty. OFFICuE: GREAT FALLS A BENTSIN. TENTH YEAR OF PUBLI9ATIOM The only illustrated Magazine devoted to the development of the Great West. Contains a vTat amount of general Informatiln, and ape. etal articlesoon smbjects of tntreatto all. Ably conducted! BaSperbly ilustratedt Only $2 a year. L. Samuel, Publisher, No. 121 7ront street, Portland, Or. Herman Wildekopf, House, Sign and KlIsalmininq aid Fi A SPECIALTY Inter for eosingoa Pae r-3 n in dnetoorer X188 1885 FRA MYERS. E. G. MACLAY. Great Falls Lumber COMPANY. Ira Myers & Co., Proprietors. Manufacture and Keep in Stock all Kinds' of Dressed Lumber, Dressed and Matched Flooring Dressed Siding, Finishing Lumber, Lath, Shingles and Will Fill Orders Direct From the Saw if so Desired. Win. Warner, PROPRIETOR Great Falls Hotel, Boarding by the Day or Week Livery & Feed Stable in Connection CHARGES REASONABLE. Great Falls Blacksmith Shop, WM. J. PRATT, PROP. [LACKSM1IllhIG AND REPAIRING OF All KINDS. I am prepared to do any class of work in my line, and in a most thorough & 'workmanlike manner. All work done on short notice. ALb DI1SEASES OF IIIE F~1~EB 1AUSUCgSSFUllY1 Livery, Druft and Mule Shoeing. Cor. 1st & 3d Ste. - - Great Fal S.S WHITTIER, CARPENTER & HILllER. Job Work PromDllYAttelded to Great Falls, - Mont. HiL. HULL, and Builder. Plans and Specifications for any De sired Building Furnished. Satisfactison Guaranteed on all Con tract Work Sun River, - Mont MRS. W. W. EVANS, seamstress ani Dress laker. SATISFACTIONIGUARANT'ID Cutting and Fitting a Specialty. Sun River, - . Mont CARTER & CLAYBERG, ATTORNEY-AT-LAW, Ome.: MaiaSt., Pootof BroadwaZdhlaa,M.T. 244w llJ~tllli, DLIG. JILLIIA An A 1. good White Shirt, full widlh, French faced sleeves, everlasting back stay, linen bosom and bands, overstitch seams, 0s . eacl, 6 for .3.00 COLLARS. 16c CUFFS, 20o. best qualy hneat extra eavy, 4-ply. Warra f: All dew syles. is warnmted wlmsuta &*s WQ le ar mhosir Freýk 'ast , a f i oNoich ut Tsshr Ursuline Convent -OF TIE HOLY F'A'ýtlI Y. Near Ft Shaw, M. T., The Ursuline Nuns have lately opened a school at St. Peter's Mission for the young girls of the country. Ever advantage for .acqniring a com plete education is afforded by thisinstitution Terms: $10 per month; Tuition free. Music Lessons $5 a month. For further particulars apply to Rev Mother M. Amadeno Superior, Fr Sa&w, Moxr A boarding school for boys has also been opened at the same Mission under directionofthe Tesuit 1 F'a~thers The object of this institution is to afford means of solid mental and moral educa tion for the boys TERMS: Tuition free. Board $10 per month, Apply to REV J. DAMIANI, S. J. F RHAW, Mowt A.gista Exchange! Craig & Sturman, Props. Fulest Brads of iqlours, Choice Imported Cigars, Fine Old Brandy and Whisky, Extra XXXX Wines, Etc., Etc. Good Billiard Table And Private Ciab rooms. Aesets, ]eat. OLD AGENCY, MI. T. George Richards, Pror., Livery, Feed and Sale Stable in connection Stages to the railred sad on pDatainthe. FORT SHAW, REPAIR8 AKl INDWATWHES, JWELEY, ETO be SPE U c T ril II