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GREAT FALLS TRIBUNE.
SUBSCRIPTION RATES. One copy l year, fin advance) ............... ;:.) One copy I months,........................... .0 One copy 3 months.......................... 1.0)X Speciman copie , ............................ 10 Strictly in ad vance. The circulation of the, TRIBUNE in Northern Montana is guarantume to exceed that of any pa per publishe.d in the territory. Address all communications to the TRIBUNE, G(BRAT FALLS, MONT. ASTRAY. Afar in the west the sun went down In a shimmering mist of golden rain, As the grumbling herd swept o'er the crown " Of a grassy mound on the rolling plain. A thousand wild-eyed savage head, Spurred by the yells of a savage train, That swung the lash they had learned to dread With crack-like shots and maddening pain. "Round 'em up, Dick !" and a low-browed man On a horse foaun-flecked, and with rapid pant, Flew liik~ea hawk with wings aslant At the mutinous break in the foremost van- Then stopped aghast by a prairie spring. From ribbon-grass and pitcher plant Plaiting a girlish crown and ring. Sat the child of a wandering emigrant. Right in the track of a thundering herd! With round eyes staring at the sight, Beyond the reach of warning word, 1Her lip aquiver with affright, Right in the track of flinty feet, HIard as the owner of the ranch, HIer hair entwined with flowers to meet Death's face beneath that avalanch. Men did not speak in jest of Dick "Red Dick," though hair and beard were gray A son of the West with trigger quick, And at cards an oddly winning way. Black were the tales they might have told, Those devil's-aids in his buckskin belt, Of what one moan in his thirst for gold, iHad (done since lie as a child had knelt. Had he a heart? But yesterday A laugh of scorn would hale answered that, To-day-God found it, so they say, In that race with Death by the Rio Platte. Over the mound the horseman sped, Quicker than flash of a mountain cat, Till he reached the bellowing torrent's head, And the air sung shrill with his lariat. Heavens! 'Twas close. The shaky noose Circled her waist as the mad horse passed, 'Mid a roar like a cyclone broken loose, As the herd crashed down at the lasso's east. The crown she had made was deep in earth Ere she was a rod from the rivulet's flow ; HIer scarf on a bull's horn reached Fort Worth, But the girl swung safe from the saddle i bow. And Dick? From the noose to his own I arm I] lie shifted the child with a cheering nod, As he found that the mite had met no harm In her sudden flight from the prairie sod. And a thrill shot through his own wild heart That filled with a feeling so sweet and ' odd, I ,That it seemed from his old life miles t apart, t When the child, looking up, asked: "Is I you God ?" -Jo xN Patssrox;, in Congregationalist. --r I) CLIMIATIC CHANGES. Characteristics of the Range and Ranch Cattle Area with Respect to Temperature. The following is from the report of Joseph Nimmo, jr., chief of the bu reau of statistics: The characteristics of the range and ranch cattle area, with respect to tem perature during the different seasons of the year, are very clearly exhibited in the census temperature charts, and also in the annual reports of the chief signal officer of the war deaartment. On map No. 1, at the end of this re port, are delineated the January isothermal lines. These indicate ap proximately the relative severity of the winter season in various parts of the range and cattle area. It will be observed that these isotherms pay lit tle heed to parallels of latitude. For example: The January isotherms of 30 degrees sweeps in an apparently fantastic course through 14 degrees of latitude, equal to 967 statute miles, between Washington Territory and New Mexico. Such wide departures of the isothermal lines from the par allels of latitude are due mainly to the hypsbmetric characteristics of the continent, and especially to its orolog ical features. It will be observed that the point of lowest January temperature along the northern boundary line of the United States is about where that line is crossed by the Red river of the north, the boundary between the State of Minnesota and the Territory of Da kota. It will also be observed that the mean January temperature rises from a little below zero at that point to 20 degrees above zero in the nor thern part of the Territory of Idaho, and to 30 degrees above zero where the boundary line between Washing ton Territory and British Columbia touches Puget Sound. The northwest winds which during the winter months blow over Montana, VQL, 1, GREAT FALLS, MONTANA TERRITORY, SATURDAY, AUGUST 8, 1885, NO. 13 WSyoming, and which also sometimes reach western Dakota and Nebraska and northern Colorado, are compara tively warm winds, and evidently come from the Pacific Ocean. They are commonly known as Chinook winds. During certain seasons these winds have been so warm and so long continued as to melt the snows and to break up the ice in the upper Mis souri river and its principal tributa ries. As the swelling waters, filled with broken masses of ice, flow on ward, they at length reach a point in Dakota or Nebraska where the effect of the Chinook winds has not been felt, and where the Missouri river is solidly frozen. This, in certain in stances has caused wide-spread and damaging overflows. It has been found that cattle do not suffer much from the severity of the temperature of the northern ranges so long as they are able to obtain an abumdance of nutritious food. This is always the case when the winter snows are light, or when they are blown off the high lands. The storms most disastrous to cattle are usually those which occur in the latter part of the winter or early spring, and when, after a rain-fall, the grasses and shrubbery become cover ed with ice, and for several days the cattle are almost entirely cut off from their feed supply. Losses from the severity of the weather occur in every State and Territory from Texas to Montana. Sometimes it happens as has been the case during the past winter, that the losses from the se verity of the weather have been even greater in Texas than in Montana. Range cattle usually have heavy coats of hair which, when saturated with rain and frozen, cause their sufferings to be much greater than when expos ed to extremely cold but dry weather. The regions where losses on account of the weather are least are generally those where the cattle are best able to obtain sufficient food, and where they can readily find natural sheltering places from the violence of the winds. TIHE WICIKEID DIAMOND DUKE." Duke Charles, of Brunswick, whi died in 1874, "the most despicable figure in the most scandalous chron icles of our times,' is the subject of a most readable paper in the last num ber of Temple Bar. A visit to the Diamond Duke's famous hotel in the Champs Elysees must have been, to say the least of it, exciting. Aspring was touched, an arm-chair presented itself, and the caller was whirled round and up into the ducal ante chamber. This and the bed chamber were in solid iron; the very bed was iron. A minute violet shaped aper ture in the wall was the keyhole of the recess where the duke's strong hold, containing precious deeds and documents, hung over a well many yards deeper than the first foundations of the hotel. The cellars were strongholds like those of the Bank of France. There were iron cases crammed with guin eas, coffers untouched since Waterloo, containing gold pieces of eight gen erations of dukes, and there were thousands of 10 thaler pieces which had never been put into circulation. He kept no kitchen, for a cook was necessarily a poisoner in his eyes. He mixed his morning chocolate himself; his milk was brought from suburban farms in a sealed can. He left his millions to Geneva.-New Orleans Times-Democrat. GEN. GRANT IN BERLIN.. The Crown Prince of Germany has given a correspondent some incidents of Gen. Grant's visit to Berlin. Said the Prince: "I remember quite a military scandal that occurred while he was here. The officers and men on duty had orders to treat him with all possible honor in the way of sa lutes, turning out the guards, etc. But the sentries got it into their heads that the ex-President of the United States would go about in great style, in an open coach, like a sovereign, whereas he was almost always on foot and seldom accompanied by more than one or two persons. Well, the day he first came to see me he saun tered along Unter den Linden in an nonchalant way, and was past the sentries at the palace door before they saw him. Even then they did not know him, and perhaps would not have saluted him at all had it not been for the sudden opening of the doors by the valets who had been watching for his coming. Then the two soldiers came to a present. Gen. Grant threw away his cigar, lifted his hat to them, and passed indoors. The poor captain of the guard, when he heard of the incident, was wild with rage and chagrin." Subscribe for the TnIuBE. CURIOUS FACTS. Under Sheriff Tom McTague has returned from a long and fruitless trip. He left July 10th, went by N. P. 300 miles to Sand Point, thence north on horseback 45 miles to Bon i ner's Ferry on the Kootenai; thence by steam launch down the river and lake 160 miles to Beaconsfield; thence 40 miles on foot to a mining camp in British Columbia. He returned July 20th by the same methods. He never slept in a house while gone, had only a pair of blankets and it rained every night he was out. Still he had a good trip and says the British officers treat ed him splendidly. At the line on the river lives J. C. Rycart, the English custom officer. His wife, a niece of Mr. Wells, of Wells, Fargo & Co., is and Las for three years the only white woman in the country, and she ex pects to return to Buffalo, N. Y., this fall. When the steamers arrive at the line port, Mr. Rycart runs up the English flag. Dave McLaughlin, who lives half a mile this side, and is a thorough going American, as regu larly runs up a little American flag which has bleached till it is all one color. Yesterday Mr. McTague bought him a handsome bunting flag and sent is to him for a present. Mc Laughlin will be the happiest man in America when he gets it.-New Northwest. A party of gentlemen, whose names we shall withold for prudential rea sons, went on a little fishing excur sion recently. All went smoothly un til a large catfish was caught, which two members of the party wanted. It was agreed that straws should be pulled and ownership decided that way. The party who lost was not satisfied and demanded another draw, which was given him, when he lost again, and not only lost the fish, but his temper and threw the catfish back into the raging Missouri. This in censed the winner and he applied some choice epithets to his opponent which were returned with interest and a bloody battle seemed imminent, when the loosing party suggested a duel with shot guns at short range. We did not learn that the challenge was accepted, but we have been told that seconds were appointed and all the preliminaries settled, when the ire of the contestants was cooled and the matter somehow adjusted. We are glad that the conflict did not come off to carry grief into happy homes which would have been rendered desolate in case by accident the shots had hit either contestants. At all events both parties are now in good health and spirits and are no doubt a little a shamed that a catfish should breed serious trouble.-River Press. Two well-known people from Butte recently arrived in Anaconda, and last Sunday concluded to tie the nuptial knot. Accordingly the female party to the affair, Miss Lydia Spencer, who still remained in Butte, was sent for and was met at the train by her intended, "Kid" Whitney. After pur chasing a wedding ring and indulg ing in other luxuries, itis alleged that the swain sought the parson and as certained that his marriage fee was 88. This was rather embarassing, as the total amount of the "root of all evil" in their possession netted $3.10, and with heavy hearts they concluded temporary postpone the cermony, and after a ramble on the hills Miss Sybil returned to Butte. Yesterday, how ever, she returned to Anaconda, and it is presumed that both are now hap py in the enjoyment of their martial vows.-Anaconda Cor. Town Talk MEXICO'S NATIONAL DRINK. What the Napa valley is to San Francisco, the western reservoir to Ohio, or the Orange county dairy re gion to New York city, are Los Llanos de Apam to the city of Mexico-the principal difference being that magilev is milked in lieu of cows and pulque is the product. Some idea of the magnitude of this kind of agriculture may be derived from the fact that two special pulque trains run daily into the capital city with the same regularity that milk trains come into our metropolitan cities, yielding the railroad a revenue of $1,000 a day freightage. The legend runs that somewhere about the year 990 a Tol tec Indian, whose name was Papant zin, was firet to discover that the juice of the agave Americana might be dis tilled into a beverage fit for the gods. Desiring to bring the new blessing into royal favor, he commissioned his only daughter, Xoahiti (signifying the "Flower of Anahua"), as cup bearer to the king. This ancient Hebe, we are told, was young and beautiful, and the monarch not only drank and praised the pulque, but manied the maiden. And .to this day the bever age of old "Pap"-as no doubt his dutiful descendants Ulled him for short-is the universal drink of the lower classes of Mexico, and no doubt it is one of the most healthful bever ages in the world. When just right it is milk white, thick and ropy, much resembling buttermilk in color, taste and consistency. The Indians are passionately fond of it-the one solace and comfort in their lives of toil and penury, as nature has placed exhaust less fountains of it by the waysides and in the deserts. Traveling Ameri cans turn up their noses at the first taste of it, but generally end by be coming as dihigent julque drinkers as was old Papantzin himself.-San Francisco Chronicle. ARMY SHARP SHOOTERS. Competitive Marksmanship at Fort Snelling. An event of much interest to the army and all interested in rifle prac tice will be the annual competition of selected marksmen at Fort Snelling, Minnesota, this month. There are seven regiments serving within the limits of the Departmen of Dakota, Gen. Terry commanding There are ten companies in each regi ment of infantry and twelve in every regiment of cavalry. Each company annually sends to Fort Snelling one enlisted man-selected by reason of his skill in marksmanship. In addi tion two commissioned officers from each regiment are sent there. Includ ing the representatives from regiment al bands and expert shots belonging to the general staff of the army, there is thus concentrated at Fort Snelling a battalion of sharp shooters-the picked men of their respective organ izations. Under .the supervision of proper range officers, practice begins about August 3d at distances varying from 200 to 600 yards, and the competition continues for about two weeks, at the end of which time the twelve best shots are selected and constitute what is known as the Department Team for the Department of Dakota. The Department of Dakota is a sub division of the Military Division of the Missouri-Major General Scho field commanding. Gen. Schofield's command includes also the Depart ment of the Platte, the Department of Texas, and the Department of the Missouri. From each of those four departments a team of twelve selected experts in rifle practice is made up. These forty-eight men begin a contest at Fort Snelling in September and the twelve best shots so determined, make up the Division team. Later on the team for the Division of the Pacific, Gen. Pope's command, and the team from the Division of the At lantic, General Hancock's command, meet, and from these thirty-six men is made up the army team for the year. Great interest is taken in these com petitions by the entire army, and the War Department has adopted a very liberal policy in the matter of prizes for superior marksmanship. These tangible proofs of skill comprise med als, both gold and silver, sharpshoot er's crosses, marksman's pins and buttons. The buttons are neat devices repre senting a target. They are about seven-eighths of an inch square, nick el plated, and are worn in pins on the coat collar. It takes three years to earn a marks man's pin. The pin is about two inches long and a third of an inch wide, made of silver, and is worn on the left breast of the uniform coat or blouse. To such as are fortunate enough to attain the score of a sharpshooter 90 per cent. at all ranges up to 1,000 yards-a handsome Maltese silver cross is given. " This is also worn on the left breast, and taken in connec tion with the pin, make a nice appear ance. Fifteen years ago the officers and men of the army paid little or no at tention to rifle practice, but within the last four years daily practice, April to October, with the rifle has been made mandatory, and we now have the finest army of marksmen in the world. Officers and men are trained in shooting off-hand up to 200 yards, kneeling or sitting up to 300 yards, and lying down at ranges up to and including 1,000 yards. They are also practiced in what is known as skir mish drill. This necessitates firingat unknown distances over unfamiliar ground, the marksman being required to run, halt, and about, run again, for ward ofi back as the order may be; halt again, about again, and so on un til in all not less than ten halts have been made. At no timedoes the skir misher approach to nearer than 200 yards to the target. Generally about MILLS AND FACTORIES-GREAT FALLS. 1884 1884 1884 1884 1884 1884 1885 1885 1885 1885 1885 1885 1884 1884 1884 1884 1884 1884 1885 1885 1885 1885 1885 1885 1884 1885 1885 1885 1884 1884 IRA MYERS. 1885 00 185 1884 1884 E. G. MACLAY. 18i 6 I5 1885 1884 1884 1885 1885 1884 1884 1884 1884 1884 1884 1885 1885 1885 1885 1885 1885 1884 1884 1884 1884 1884 1884 - 1885 1885 1885 1885 1885 1885 Great F allsou 0e1pany MANUFACTLTUE AND KEEP IN STOCK ALL KINDS OF Rough AND DRESSED Lumiber, DRESSED FINISHING LUIMBER AND MATCHED FLOORING R 3 LATH AND SHINGLES. All Kinds of Moulding. Orders Filled Direct From the Saw if Desired. CATARACT ROLLER SILL, ]FULL ROLLER PROCESS FULL ROLLER PROCESS FULL ROLLER PRFCESS FULL ROLLER PROCESS FULL ROLLER PROCESS. FULL ROLLER PROCESS FULL ROLLER PROCESS FULL ROLLER PROCESS FULL ROLLER PROCESS To be Completed With Latest Improved Ma chinery and Ready to Run on the Coming Crop. Cho -en. e. .i niso, .- ýopietors A. M. HOLTER & BRO., GREAT FALLS PLANING ILL. Sash, Door and Blind Factory. 1881 SIDING .LIMBEllR, LATH AN SfNLIES, FLOORING 1885 Hardware & Buiilding Material. Chas. Wegner, - - - Agent. Lumber Yard at Sun River Crossing Lumber Yard at Johnstown, THOMAS ROSE, AGENT. ED DAvis, AGENT forty shots are fired within five min utes, and the marksman moves over at least 800 yards during that period of time. This practice is of the greatest practical value and involves accurate judgment and instantly guessing dis tances, combined with bottom and steadiness. Practice is also required to be had upon moving targets, and the coming competition at Fort Snelling promises to be highly interesting and valuable. -Herald. BILL NYE'S VISION. Night before last, after I had regis tered at the hotel and been assigned "the last room in the hotel"-I use the language of the hotel clerk-I went into the dining room to tea. It is not my custom when traveling to smile on one in whose heart a hope might spring up to be dashed to the earth by my departure. If I have caused pain in that way I did not in tend to do so. I can joke and carry on and have a real good time, but I do not wish to inspire in any breast hope which may be blasted, ah, alas! too soon. It was not long before I discovered a beautiful blonde of the female sex at the farther end of the room beneath the chandelier. Her skin seemed to be of a delicate sea-shell color, and her hair was corn-colored. Her clothes also were entirely new, I should judge, and made especially for her. On her finger she wore a diamond ring with perfect ease. She knew just how to work that finger in order to get the most possible glitter out of her dia mond. Every little while I would look over there and revel m her beauty and I thought she was not entirely insensible to my charms. All that evening she was in my mind. I dreamed that night that I swooped down upon her and carried her away to the remotest boundaries of the world in a special car. The next morning I awoke hungry, for I didn't eat much supper the night be fore. I went down to breakfast, wait ing and fooling away my time, hoping that she would come while I was in the breakfast room, and I would fill myself up with the beautiful vision and a cup of coffee. Anon she came. She sailed into the room with calm disdain and an air of hauteur, and such things as that. The head-waiter waved his hand like a self-acting duke in a theatre and gave her a seat at my table. A thrill passed up through me and I laid down the vulgar sausage which I was about to feed myself when she dawned upon me. I ventured then to look across the table at her in the full glare of the new-born day. The first thing that I discovered was that she hadn't put her yellow wig on straight. It was a little higher on one ear than the other, which gave her the air of a young man who has over-monkeyed with the flowing bowl. This showed to the casual spectator a glimpse of her own moth-eaten, sage-brush hair peeping out like the faded tail on an old buf falo robe. Then I knew that we could never be more to each other than friends. Her nose was red also, and she had not been properly calcimined. In the hurry of dressing she had missed her nose with the powder-rag and that organ-meaning, of course, the nose, not the powder-rag--loomed up robust and purple in the ghastly waste of cheek bones and other osseous forma tions. Ah, what a pain it gave me to see my beautiful vision fade thus before my eyes! Then I thought how I had smiled o'n her the evening before, and how, perhaps, a new hope had sprung up in her heart, and I feared that when she knew it was all over between us the shock at her time of life might kill her. I left my hot pancakes, with the maple syrup all over them, and fled out into the din, the hurry, and the tireless rush of the mad, mad world, trying to stifle the memory of that broken heart. Should she see these lines I hope she will not think bitter ly of me. I still admire her as a well preserved ruin, but love in such acase would be a hollow mockery.-Milwau kee Sun. THE SOAP CAPER. A very successful swindle, operated by street peddlers, is what is technic ally known as the "soap caper." Any common soap will wash the dust out of a grease spot, and a person is apt to come to the conclusion that the stain itself has been taken out, until more dust accumulates on the grease and he finds himself mistaken. For the purposes of the swindle two fel lows will buy a lot of cheap soap and cut it up into small pieces, which are daintily perfumed and nicely wrapped in fancy colored paper. This is all the stock in trade needed, except a generous allowance of cheek One of the fellows dresses himself up like a dude and generally conducs himself so that everybody to whom he appeals makes fun of him. Perhaps he does sell a few pieces of the soap, for it appears to do what is claimed for it, but he purposely makes such an ass of himself that nobody wants to trade with him. Soon, when he is boasting of how much soap he can sell in a day, a common looking fellow in the crowd calls out: "Well, why don't you sell it then?" and at once they get into a wrangle, which is ended by the plain fellow betting that he can sell more soap in ten minutes than the proprietor of the stand can sell in half an hour. The bet is generally quite a large one, and as sympathy is entirely with the commonly-looking fellow the crowd comes to his support and he rapidly sells out his share of the soap, and finally also disposes of the greater part of the other's pack ages. It if needless to say that the fellows are confederates, and are play ing into each other's hands. Two good operators can make tremendous profits by working this game, and they run no risk of being arrested. " Do you ever have a dreadful tir ed feeling come over you?" asked a patent medicine manufacturer of a friend,. who complained of not feeling well. "Oh yes, often, " replied the friend. ' You should try a bottle of my cure all flow often you experience this tired feeling?" "Every time I see your advertiut menton the fences." GREAT FALLS TRIBUNE. ADVERTISING RATES. 1week... 2.1 i 3. ( 4. $ 6. S 9.1 S 12. 1 month. 5. 6. . 1r 15. 25 3 months I 7. . 10. 15. 0. 55 6 months 9. I 10. 15. 30. i 55. 110. 1 year,... I12. 15. I 25. j 50.I 1o). 2o). Business notices in reading matter, 25 cents per line. Business notices 15 cents per line for first in sertion, and 10 cents per line for each subsequent insertion of same matter.