Newspaper Page Text
GREAT ý t FALLS TIUBUNE.
Pniisrl r Euu .ery iitlF~y atre tri: t t. T.
WILL HANKS., PIcnUir n. .
PLEA_,E bear in mind that Gre:'t 1
Falls has the only flour mill in IMon
tana north of tHelena.
THE papers throughout the Terri
tory speak hopefully of the revival of
business in their re=pective plac!es.
---' --~-- -~
THERE is a rumor that at the next
Northern Pacific election, Jay Gonuld !
will attempt to get control of thei
WE are in receipt of the first nun
ber of the Gazette, published at Ana- t
conda by John S. Mills. The new
venture is a 7-column folio, and looks
AT the meeting of the b::ard (of
county commaissioners last week. the
report of the viewers in reg;:ud to the
road from Great Fails to iort lo(it
ton via Bullshead station., was ccept
ed, and 2UOU appropriated for its ;iin
mediate impl'rovem,ent. The lneasur:
was bitterly opposed by one E, the
member, but was carried by the vole
of Messrs. Wetzel and A ,rnoux.
THE Rising Sun made its a.lper
ance above journalist:c 1hori::zon at the
Sun river metropolis, last ThIirsda:y.
It is the same size of the late lahun:t
ed Sun, and is equal. if not superior
to it in many respects. :Ve hope the j
publisher will receive the supiport
which the appearance of initial nuim
ber should entitle himt to. M;av theit
Sun keep Iising until it rac'hes the
zenith, and there remain for lime a!nd i
FnoM Smalley's b-igralphy of Gov- v
ernor Hauser, we extract the follow
"In 18(14 r. Hanscr helpled to raise
money to pay the ox1;e,,is,.6s of a dele
gation to \\ ashingtii to r upon 1111
Congress the' divisi(In of Iaho. and
the estabishmiawnt of a new te:,rrit r, n
east of the Bitter Root .n n.tain1.
He went as one of the diclegates i,
company with Col. Sarn.rse and
Judge Edgerton. They were suecess-1~ -
fnl in their mission andi the territory n
of Montana was established. \hil!tl
in the east MIr. IHa:ser raised a Iltl
money to start a bank v ' ih in ti
ginia City, then the chie town of i :
territory. This was the 1b"'g-niaTg ,' i:
his career as a banker. In 1:i) ,- e1
ganized the St. Louis i-d 31.: .' a
mining company, and ereti d el i:...
smelter in the territorl-., o1 r
snake creek, at the towni of i...:.s.". s
In 1G66 the same company . (,, ,
the first silver null in M~oin .: a
THE Town Talk (" ce,*'
gether with the material a I ,. !l)::.:t.
was totally deslroyed by iitr', ,:l ihe
morning of the 15th inot. The !:r,
was the work of some cn-iand!l - ..
bug, who, if appreheendd. s.:ld bi
shot up the flume into the realms be
yond, without trial or nirexy. In its
"'firo edition," the Town Talk says: lx
"The loss of our office was very se- t
rious, but we are not di co.lg'ed.i
We have ordered a new and complc
outfit from one of the lcadin- fcndl
ries in the country. It wilil, here
inside of fifteen days. and then. the tr
Town Talk will be briighltr and lt- I
ter than ever before. Our loss will
spur us to more zealous efforts to er
make an acceptible paper--one" acts- th
ated with the over double desire, to !o
give the people a rattling, newsy pa- u
per, and to promote the great anl th
growing interests of "the only live
mining camp on the colninent."' ix,
IT is not out of place to republish bi
the Herald's brief report of Pr,)fes.sor to
Newbury's examination of the coun- ot
try around Great Falls, nearly one
year ago. Coming from so oemninnt .
a source, the report has attracted in
much attention, especially in the
"Prof. J. S. Newbury. of the Col- of
umbia School of Mines, Nowv York,ii
has arrived in the city from a trip
through the northern part of Mon- tit
tana. His special object was to make qi
an examination of the coal fields near
the falls of the Missouri and the min- r
ing districts of the Belt range. He te:
speaks in the highest terms of the
beauty, fertility and mineral resources- lic
of the country about the Falls, and
after spending many years exploring Cl
Western America, in which he has st]
traversed by different routes all the
states and territories west of the Mis- g
sippi, he says he has seen no country m
which, in grandeur, variety of surface wl
and agricultural and mineral resour
ces, surpasses Montana, and particu
larly that portion he has recently vis
ited. The falls of the Missouri sur- tiE
passes his expectations in beauty, wl
and economically are still more at- th.
tractive, for they furnish an amount an
of accessible and conveniently dis
tributed water power greater than
can be found in any other part of the fri
continent, and perhaps the world. mi
"The adjacent coal fields are exten- du
sire, the coal of good quality, some of bu
it making good coke, the beds regular
and very convenient for mining, and
from five to eighteen feet in thick- au
ness. When opened up and reached m<
by railroads this and the coal field
lying further north on the Milk river wi
cannot fail to contribute vastly to the
prosperity of the splendid agricultur
al and generally timberless country
which surrounds them." by
. 'o d '' ".,: , (4rat :Fi1l to f,.rt}-:
ion En-lei .aln;;a.i ':.llu has
St'purely sectional stir. has been stub- ]
t, borh"'l op-:sed~ , an-! car'ied overi
. 'from one meeting to another on s', ,re
trivial pr(-text, until t! ' last mee'ting. I
when the fairness aun justice of the
petition was a.know,:,le by t,'o of I
f he commi.o:a.ro: r.> who vutld "yes."'
and the measr'e was curried, a: it
should have ben when first pre:.ct
Se:. Mr. WeizeL]. chairman of tihe
be ard. dli'd the follo.ing ,lausilde
,1,,o.ns why the road should be estab
" li d wed:
1st. For the reauson that dmring
two an'd a hait terms of snrvice1 as
Co tlliV collnission:ir I have never
seon a petition signed by so many :
1goo.d ci'euns and tax pay,'rs.
2-I. 4eil'ins 1 the ltd as now1 ew
eid l repui'te le is the shilte-.t, hest
:t watr',-d a"::d m,.ore eai:ly traviuld in I]
- Wl seasons ,,of th1 yo- tIlan any ther a
1 '.a1' lh'IhtiM fr,4n41'1 Foit Benton It
UI:t F allis. - Wi ¾h an ex!,peniitire
-i .0<50 it w1_l bye much eatier for
iht -. or li,:ght ,wag"-s than
,y t.o , o!l ivc ro'ad of the saum i
S 'l.'h -e .ig r it of this paece. s
",d. - -,'n i t ll hn it a gret
:0 10 '-'l iir of to,, i.- tln m 0ny other
(a- r', vi.: he i.ople liv .ing on the
1plT r.:i:1 above the Ifal.s. Sand 1
i0n it c':il:iot be shortetned aldvantaig
I ous 111
La-tlv. That it is my duty to those
r who elected 1110 to serve them ucousci- I:
Setio sly and justly, as I believe I i
anu do ing in this case.
( W. S. WArT-Era.
ITEI fol.Vi:,Ig new il.ntruetions, is
sued in, aerd,(ance with or ders from a
SCon:nsisio::er" Sparks, of the guieral l
land. o'/",k'.t 10l' tive 0o alquirig titlej r
to publc latuil. will doubtless meet e
ith dil-l ro1-a of -euntrs and s
monopit..-. rt will prove henetieia: eli
to hnIa- ide settlers:
The claml I1-t ilt . :st how at last :
i sX iloit. , resi'ie next jreceding.i 01
dlae of Final lroef, which must be s
ma.d, on the day and at the advertiscd r(
place. 1esidienco must be a.t ual in- I
habiianc0 of, and not 'c'asi( .otal visits t1
the land. The party must nit a. l w
resite u)o ' n, cultivatex and improve la
the 1a-:d for at l 'st"' the peri.d a1ove
nnteli-,,,d. Pe-ns doing buskne:-ns in
i 1 to., , or r(id.._ , ahe eo- el- ', wh rt o
th1a (In i tI1 h1nd ,nrtered or filh.dI for sl
,of ,::r ts, 'o 't: :,lly ]ivgl on ti he o
h.la:.. . ust not ,-e al lowed to .'.eg ire I
k1(' il;.,1eo by ..' etext or .-s.ml- er
1 c' Ue-iit'r tv, re.id i,'c.' " The t.
,. t'r of t:(?. imic-ovmens s and jIt
1 t rf o: the Cla~inint."l
'.i? i.; 1 sai; to be :-oine fo;i -
S.n to . h, rm aor hnt the Ca nadian
' Pa.]ifc e.pay ,re -erioleny conslid
,n the i dvii.abity if condticting
a ln'uch r.al to tap thl.s poion ofI
rorntana. That the road V ouii:ld p,"
n so~ there is Io doubt an w
hel:e e the company is cognizaint of d
the fict. and hut for the general de
p''4".-Iion, would i re thi:;, have made a
_move in this dir'eetion. The late John e
'lOer'e of ia' lv:,, I. mianll who iil .
tr'avelled e:tensivelyi over nortlhern
1 ont'm. aend who was a practical b
engineer and a close obsorver, told h
the writer of this. that a road by fo!
lowing the Muddy, would find a nat- p
IIal road-loed from the boundary to ti
the Sun river valley, traversing the r
I best portion of the country interven- p
ing W\\heln the company decide to o
builid, it might be advisable for them n
to instruct their engineers to look tl
o--er this route.
T:rE railroad companies operating
in the Northwest are kicki~ng and c
Sighting among themselves like cats 0
and dogs. The enevitabe outcome a
of the broil will be extension of all a
lines so as to invade as much as -pos
sible each others territory, and a cut
ting and slashing of rates will then
quickly follow. This war may possi
bly be the means of hastening the
building of another line into this i'
THE unlawful enclosure of the pub
lie domain by stockmen, has been a
promptly set down upon by President tT
Cleveland, who has ordered said ob
structions remioved. Montana has ai
several hundred thousand acres of a
government land is enclosed by stock tl
men. We can point to several cases t
which should be looked into by the w
special agents. r
"Poxe Lrrr IN, MONTANA," is the ti- ai
tle of a communication in this issue si
which is worth reading. It is from he
the pen of Fred Anderson, a herbalist ci
and naturalist of some reputation. pl
GREAT FALLs has surprised its t,
friends and dumbfounded its ene- bi
mies the past year. Next year it will c
dumbfound its friends and decently ft
bury its enemies.
Mas. HELEN HUNT JACKSON, a gifted m
authoress, is dead. Her death will be1
mourned by the entire literary world.
Tu wheat crop throughout Dakota
will fall 30 per cent. below the aver
age yield. tli
MEA HER county is still protected
by two sheriffs, pi
"L,.., e'en the microscopic eve,
Full "N :ure :filwans 'Bith life; one won
a Waitiing t'e v'it:.1 breath, when Parent
Shali bdI the spi:'t low. The hory foen,
b- Ju ul:t id -tre.ats, clnits the living cloud
er )f lestilnce. Tl'hrugh 5hubterrarieni cells, e
\~ heire sear'ching sunbeauls searce cian
find a ".ray,
ig Earth aninmated hea ves. The flowerv leaf
11 Wants niot itj soft in.halitants. `'cure
i ithin its winding citidal, the stone i
1 olds iiul'titudes. * * Wiiee the pool
S t:ans r::ntled o'er with gren, invisible t
tAni. the iio:tin _" veredure, millions stray.
•* * Nor is the stream
it Of puret crystal, nor the lucid air,
I i Thou 'lTgh lie transparenll t vac!ancy it scens, f
Voild of their urlnen peopole."-UoCWVI'.En.
Tfhei wiring was dry but the sum
mer was unusually wet. The prairie
was dotted with small lakes and
ponds of standing water. These vari
e os lakes and pronds have teemed and s
nv those that still exist still teem with
myriaJs of living- creatures. Many e
of these animals are invisible to the t;
in naked eye. Their structure is sur- b
trn prisingi, interesting and often beauti- i7
Ti 'l, poet quoted above desires to l
In im'pres upon our minds the fact that b
a. Il nature is full of life, seen and un- p
seen. We breathe it, eat it, drink it, t,
I at tiranp ale upon it daily. Much r
itiat o e at and drink is so full of life
d in mni:nte forms that were we able to
see this life our food and drink would b
ed 1e positively repulsive to us. iBut
1 thanks to an Alwiso Creator, we c:aln
nat see it.
SThe present article has to do with
ci the inhabitants of the ponds already
mentioned. More than one gentle
man of Great Falls has noticed a t) -
eniar form of life which appeared al
is most si.ddel:ly in the various ponds
nm about the town. Sveral friends have
al enquired of the writer what these ani
q mals are. They be.long to that large
class, the Crustecea which is repre
I seated by the crabs, lobsters, crayfish,
eft. They mast be placed in the
Mraxi 1osa, but we cannot until farther
Cexamination pilace them in their prop
er ftu:ily, for they agree with the de
Sscriptions of several families in some
Srelpect, blit agree with none in al'.
- However, e wiil endeavor to deseri:e
is the animal as it is. In the first p!ace
Ty we give the Ite urements of the
!e largest sl.,'cimoen found:
Total length from tip to tip, three
, inches: length of shell, three-fourths
of an inch; length of body behind the
.hi, one and ione-fo urth inch: length
So tail. one nod one-sixteenth inch.
re No danger of us swallowing such a
Seroature wiho. It knowing it. Just
e think of swa!lowi:ng one in th!o dark!
ul x hat a luscious and ' juicy morsel it
, would be. How nicely and pleasant
ly it would tickle one's throat as it
Sand riggled its way down
On tbhe upper side and anterior por
ti n of the body this creature has a
shield or (shell called the carapace,
whiich is shaped similar to the upper
ohell of a turtle. This shield covers
t.he head, thorax and the sides. Its
posterior rotion is cut in an anterior
direction ahnost in the shape of a
gothie arch. A raised line or keel -
runs down the centre from near the
eyes. Around each side between the
margin and the keel is a raised sur
face shaped like a horse shoe. The
body is composed of rings or seg
ments and the shield is considered
merely an enlargement and overlap
ping of the first ring. It is joined to
the animal only at the head. Each
ring has from a few to many small
points or spines, placed on all sides
of the body where the bronchial do
not interfere. And at the sides of
the body each ring is a small hook
curved toward the tail.
The animal breathes by what are
called bronchial, which take the place
of lungs. Some of these bronchial -
are partly developed into legs or feet I
and serve the purpose of catching
food for their owner. So, this one
set of organs serves the purposes of
breathing, locomotion and foraging.
The extremity of the tail is forked.
Each fork comes to a fine point and
is covered with minute bristles all
curved toward the point.
When the animal is in a healthy
state the bronchial, which are placed
along the lower side of the body in
two rows, are kept in almost constant
motion. They look quite interesting
as they vibrate in the water, causing -
a constant current to flow around
them. Any little animal that gets in
to this whirlpool had better make its
will, for it is doomed to enter the
mouth of its captor and die.
Unlike most of the Crustacea, this
animal is comparatively sensitive. Its
sight is also good. When in an un
healthy state the bronchial are sur
charged with blood of a dingy, pur
plish hue. The margin of the shield
and the horse shoe mark upon it also
turn red. The bronchial become fee
bile and almost motionless, finally the
creature turns on his back and peace
fully yields up the ghost.
This is what always happens if
many of them are kept in one jar of
water for any length of time, for they
breathe up all the air and actually die
of suffocation and blood poison.
This species is carnivorous, or flesh
eating. It preys upon smaller species,
thousands of which are contained in
the water. But there is a kind it I
seems to relish best of all-branohi
pus stagnalis, we take it to be. It is
a common sxpecies in Europe. It is
foirnd often in great numbers in small
puddles, and most abundantly after a
heavy rain. The eggs are capable of
t being dried up without .injury, and
are hatched soon after being moisten
t od. We have no space wherein to de
Is, tcribo this species, having already ex
at ceeded the limit.
ft Nature is full of the grand, the sub
re lime, the marvelous. She offers a rich
om inental feast to all who care to increase
de their knowledge of our earth andiist
inhabitants, by spreading before us
the rich pages of her ponderous time,
i which continus so many deep and
F. W. ANDERSON.
e Great Falls, August 15, 1885.
The mysterious disappearance last
id spring of H. M. Horton, assignee of
th artin Emigh, has never been clear
1y ed up, and his whereabouts from that
s0 time is involved in mystery. It has
r- been rumored for some time that
:i- Horton was probably murdered here
and his body thrown into the Missou
to la river. There is some evidence to
at back up this theory, but it is not our
u- purpose to direct the least suspicion
t, toward anyone, and the sifting of the
,h rumors must be made by others, if at
fe all. The report that Horton fled to
to Miles City, thence to the Canadian
Pacific and afterwards to Farwell, is
Id believed to be entirely mythical.
it Missoula Times.
Li- ------ - - - -- --
2 Absolutely Pure.
SThils powd r never varies. A marvei of purity
11 reogth and t whlesom.,ieness. More economical
than Ih tindinary kindl, and cannot be sold i n
comp-titon with i; nlmultitudef low t1st, shor
weight. alumi or phlosphrte lpowdcrs. Soldonly in
a c':a. Ioin L t I.\ li No PFOWI;ERi (C.. 107 -Wall St.,
it U-Z is
.-a·"-.l'-. h a.i:d eptk.,
21Gr. '216 -
;' . 5tchc*,wfith orcr
it -' ' imr-,citlons - a
! .', - FieSit re Gallery.
V V'eshovale Prices
r.1 , oeds for
__ u. . 'eils how to
cost of every
u cif, ddtiui, wear, or
: .-aLri:.ation gleaned
o."f ahie world. WVe
" ,y F 1 to any ad
cS O: - ct. to defray
us - . s- Let u hear from
; WARD & CO.
- :: venue, Chicago, UII.
Great Calls, )Mont.
A- h Wah, Proprietor.
b Laundry Work Solicited. Satis
° JOHN W. WADE,
fk Civil Engineer
U. S. Dep. Mineral Surveyor.
.8 wc'nl a~ ention givea to land survey;ng and
irrigating cana I.
SII ELENA, MONT.
t iP ROLFE W F PARKER
g IOLFE & PARKER,
Le Attorneys & Counselors
Special attent;on Oven to Land and Mining
('!ais and ('o'lections.
H P. ROLFE,
U. S. Dep. Mineral Surveyor.
CHARLES G( GRIFFITH EDMUND INGERSOLL
_ GRIFFITH & INGERSOLL,
d Civil Engineers & DeD. U. S.
Mineral & Land Surveyors,
Irrigating ditches and ranch surveys a specialty.
OFFICES: GREAT FALLS & BENTON.
D R. A. F. FOOTE,
Broadway, - Helena, Mont.
(ABOYV HERALD OFFICE)
The SILVER PALACE
....................... * ..
, Imported XXXX Hennesy, 7 yars.
25 cents a drink.
XX Hennesy, 4 years old, 125 cts.
Extra Fine 4X French Brandy,
25 cents a drink.
Fine Domestic Wine 12 . cents:
t Imported and Domestic Cigars at
124 arid 25 cents each.
I NEIRY A. FRY, Prop. S
G mnE.T F, L'
Located at the Falls of the Missouri, the
ON THE CONTINENT.
IN THE PART
OF THE TERRITORY
Agricultural and Stock Raising interests contend
for pre-eminence in the surrounding coun
try, every acre of which is available for
one purpose or the other.
Within Seven Miles of the Town is the
Largest and Best Coal Field
In the Territory, Under!aid by Great
The Neighboring Mountains are Rich in Precious
Metals and the Combination of
Coal, Lime, Iron and Power!
Insures the establishment of large Reduction Works and the treatment of
the ores of the Territory at this point.
Manufacturers of all kinds should correspond with us. Liberal reductions made on lots to
those wishing to improve. Address, H. O. CHOWEN, AGENT.
GROCERIES A L HARDWARE
GROCERIES - DEALERS IN HARDWARE
GROCERIES [ HARDWARE
GROCERIES s, 11aLIraUeL& General MIctal e Hi ARDWARE
GROCERIES sh, DUr, ails & Bilding Materia HARDWARE
GROCERIES Great Falls, - - Montana HARDWARE
GROCERIES HARD WARE
i-GENERAL-- i MERCHANDISE (
Helena &BentonStage Line Great Falls Blacksmith Shop,
Coach for Helena leaves Sun Riv- WM. J. PRATT, PROP.
er every evening at 8 o'clock,
Coach for Fort Benton leaves Sun BLACKSMISG ND REPAIRING FAll KIN lS.
River every morning at 4 o'
clock, except Monday morning I am prepared to do any class.of work in my line, and in a most thorough &
J M POWERS, Manager. workmanlike manner. All work done on short notice.
T- LOUIS HOTEL IS4S.S OF Tl1 T E I SIIS
AI BOi Treet, Helena Livery, Druft and Mule Skioeing.
Main street, Helena
FIRST CLASS IN EVERY RESPeCT Cor. 1st & 3d Sts. .4 . Fjaf
S" Slusher, - Proprietor.