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TA,.rr vxrolmh' O T AINA.
GREAT FALLS is located at the Falls of the Missouri which furnish the greatest available water power on the Con tinent. Is within 7 miles of the most extensive Coal and Iron district in the West, immediately beyond which are rich Silver and Copper districts. It lays tributary to the best agricultural and grazing part of the Territory, and the pineries of the Upper Missouri and tributaries. It has made more progress in the past 8 months in proportion to its size than any other place in Montana, and is especially adapted by its natural resources and geographical position to become the leading manufacturing center between Minneapolis and the Pacific. The trip to Great Falls will amply repay tourists by the beauty of the scenery on the way, and they will find here the most magnificent series of waterfalls in the world, while the surrounding country is rich in picturesque scenery. To those wishing to improve property, lots will be sold at very reasonable prices. Fcr particulars address, II. O. CHOWEN, AGENT. GREAT .FALLS TRIBUNE. Published Every Saturday at GreatFalls, M. T. WILL HANKS. PumLIsumR. NOTICE. MR. GEORGE BUDINGTON is the 2u thorized agent of the TRIBUNE to so licit subscription, job work and ad vertising. All contracts made by him will be faithfully carried out by this office. NEARLY all the great western rail road companies are extending their lines to the northwest. The Chicago & Northwestern, the Rock Island, the, Manitoba, the Milwaukee & St. Paul, and the Burlington & Quincy are all being built in this direction. The in viting field has been Dakota with its vast wheat-producing area. The trans formation of a large part of Dakota from a wild, unsettled country to a cultivated and prosperous territory, illustrates the wonderful civilizing power of railroads. Dakota is tray ersed in almost every direction by lines of railway built or in process of construction. It matters not whether these roads all pay dividends at pres ent, or not; they show that the gen eral drift or direction of the most prominent lines is toward the north west. The roads to which we have referred, will not all be stopped at the western limit of Dakota. Some of them, and we think all, will before many years be extended into Montana westward at least as far as the main range of the Rocky Mountains. The creation of a great commercial center at St. Paul and Minneapolis, and one which at present naturally controls I the trade of Montana, will compel 1 Chicago to seek more direct railroad communication with this country. This she can do by extending herlines from southern Dakota into Montana ator near Miles City and so on through the Judith Basin to the valleys of the 1 Sun and Teton rivers. Chicago is too 1 wide-awake and too aggressive to t reach this country by any circular route, or to permit its trade to fall in- t to the hands of St. Paul merchants 1 without a desperate struggle. The 1 opening up of the great Milk river t country to settlement, as we hope, at b the next session of Congress, will soon n afford another inviting field for at c least one of the trunk lines referred to. The country between the line of a the Northern Pacific and our north- I ern boundary is generally very fertile and productive and is capable of sup porting a large population. The re sources of Montana are much more n varied than those of Dakota, and when properly developed, will yield much I more railroad traffic. In our opinion sý Montana has greater natural resources a than Minnesota, and will yield much a more freight when its population be- s' comes as great as that of Minnesota tj at the present time. Let us compare the two: Minnesota has an immense lumber interest, the country around the i eadwaters of the 1Mississippi and St. Louis rivers being well timbered. She also is a great wheat-producing St.,te. Upon: these two staples she relies mostly for her prosperity. Her railroads, which traverse the State in every di-ection, get their chief sup port from lumber and wheat. Minne sota has no coal and no iron, and is not a stock-growing country, except as stock is fed six months in the year. The resources of Montana consist mainly in lands adapted to the pro duction of the cereals; in gold, silver and copper ores and immense depos its of coal and iron; also in extraor dinary pastoral conditions which make it the greatest stock and wool producing sections of the Union. The great resources of Montana will before long be apparent to the world, and railroads, which for the past twen ty-five years have been the all-power ful factor in the growth of every west ern State, will insure for it a rapid growth in population and wealth. The history of all the States west of the Lakes, affords us an unmistakable guide to the development of Montana during the next ten years. Five or six years ago, this was an unknown land. To-day Montana heads the list in the mining world. Onthe wool ex change of Boston it stands first; and in the great beef market of the world it is without an equal. A Territory like this will soon attract railroads and capital, and e, ill insure for Montana r i t and the fall devel great re sources. TaE most inconsistent effusion the Husbandman has advocated for some time appeared in its last issue, when it says: "We sometimes think we make a great mistake in getting so much in a hurry to get our country's resources developed," and then goes on to state that the people desire to rest, and that'it would be better for all industries if immignation was dis couraged and foreign capital kept outside our boundaries for the next ten years; that there is no hurry al)out developing our mines, that when they are developed they should be owned by Montanians and not by outside capitalists; that the influx of immigration and capital into the Ter ritory will not do the present popu lation or any of its industries any good, etc., etc. The article is the most absurd and rediculous imaginable. How. for pity's sake does the Hus bandman editor ever expect to have the resources of Montana devel oped, other than by immigration and foreign capital? By waiting for the natural increase of the present popu lation of Montana to develop it, as the HIusbandman seems to advocate, it would still be a semi-wilderness on I~esurection morn. What Montana wants is immigration and capital. She has millions of acres of arable lands awaiting settlement, which at I present yield no revenue except that of beef. The cattle industry of Mon tana, carried on as it is at present, 1 will never make her wealthy. The I cattlemen contribute less proportion ately, to the general wealth and pros perity of the Territory than any other ] industry. Let the arable lands of the Territory be divided up into ranches, and see the invigorating effect it will I have generally. It would infuse new t life and enery into evergy industry. Capital would pour into Montana, un- 1 invited, and work our mines, erect manufactories, construct railroads I and develop all our varied resources, I many of which now lie dormant for c lack of enterprise and capital. Montana e has no surplus capital to invest in c these enterprises, what surulus wealth she has is already invested, much of I which is today suffering for want of f better transportation facilities. By v discouraging immigration and capi- 1 tal as counseled by the Husbandman t how long will it be before we are a nation of paupers? How long l can we manage to import our flour, a bacon, butter and cheese without par- I alyzing every industry, and hopeless- 1; ly bankrupting every man, woman g child in Montana? Is the next issue of the TRIBUNE will be published an article entitled, "Forest Fires and Their Disastrous Effects," from the pen of Prof. Mort son. The article is one of importance, and is ably handled by the Professor, who has given the subject thorough study and is able to speak authori I tively upon it. VILAs is seemingly grinding out postmasters to the entire satisfaction of his party, and the evident dissatis faction of the other party. It is won derful how tenaciously a 6-cent man will hang on to a 2x4 postoffice pay ing the princely salary of 14 cents a year. INDIAN AGENT STOTTSHEIMER Of the Southern Ute agency at Ignacio, Colo., has sent in his resignation. Gen. Miles will recommend that an army officer be appointed to take charge of affairs at the agency. IN an article published in the TRIBUNE some weeks ago, entitled, "Pond Life in Montana," the word "branchire" was construed into "bron chial," spoiling the sense of the arti cle. We regret the mistake. THE smallpox epidemic in Montreal has terrorized the people so that they throng the offices of the public vac cinators in such confusion that that policemen have been detailed to pre serve order. TrHE annual meeting of the Ameri can Forestry congress will take place in Boston, September 22, 23,24. The increased interest in this important subject insures an interesting session. Two health inspectors have been stationed by the government at De troit to prevent cases of smallpox, cholera, etc., from coming into that city, and thus into the country. THE Southern Apaches areagainon I the waipath. Ie WASHINGTON LETTER. n [From our Regular Correspondent.] e WASH:INGTON, August 21, 1885. ;o Notwithstanding the fact that the 's President is hid in the depths of the s woods and the Cabinet is scattered ,o about generally the work in all the )r offices at the' National headquarters goes on just as smoothly as if Mr. At Cleveland and all the Cabinet were in it the way. The secret of this is that y the Departments are full of thorough it ly trained and reliable clerks long ac d customed to attend to their many du y tics, one of which is to instruct the )f Cabinet Officers and Bureau Chiefs in a delicate way, what to do. When 1- I was a boy I used to wonder how y the President of the United States t got through his onerous and multi plied duties. I did no then know any thing about Bureaucracy and the e $1800 Chief Clerks. These experi enced and accomplished $1800 clerks 1 make the duties of Administration e smooth and easy routine for unskill ed Presidents and Cabinets. e The dispersion of the heads of the t Government has not had the effect to a lessen the ranks of those who are a anxious to draw pay in the humbler walks of office. These are still here C in great numbers and are urging t their claims with great vehemence. t It is said that a mob of them actually invaded the bed chamber of Mr. La mar, the Secretary of the Interior, 3 last week, and although Mr. Lamar is - an early riser, they found him with only the drapery of his couch about him. Stormy times are predicted 3 next winter, when Congress meets, and when the office seeker will be I backed by his Congressional Delega r tion. There is talk that when Congress meets and the appropriations for the maintenance of the civil service are being considered by the House, it will be proposed to cut down the salaries of clerks and other classes of employ ees. It is urged that Government employees are overpaid in comparison with the same classes in the employ ment of private firms. One reason for thinking that the civil "service would afford plenty of good clerks at lower salaries is the fact that few of those who now pass the examination are unwilling to be appointed tem porarily as copyists until vacancies occur among the grades of clerks. Every vacancy for a copyist is taken by those who have passed the higher grade examination. Whenever changes are made in the law, it is not believed that they will be of a kind to please the spoilsmen. They hope to have the law amended so that when a person passes the civil service examination he may receive a certificate to that effect, and with that in his pocket he can seek out his Con gressman, who will, after the old plan, when the spoils doctrine prevailed, go to the head of a department and say that he wants his man appointed, provided as he is with a certificate that he has passed the civil service examination. Even if the Democratic majority in the coming Congress shall develop enough members to amend the Presi dent will sanction it, and no repeal of the.law could be passed over his veto. It is expected that instead, President Cleveland will direct that the rules be amended so as to include within their provisions officers of a higher grade than those who are now affected by it. It is said that the Navy is at last to be overhauled to weed out.shirks and sinecures. The Naval Officers who who have frisked so gaily in the sa lons of Washington, occupied the front seat at the Opera, and been so much admired In the fashionable promenades of the city will be sent out upon the rough sea. Poor fel lows, it will make some of them very sick. Our Navy is top heavy with of ficers, and all sorts of places have to be devised in order to give them something to do. The serviceable vessels only 39 in number while there are over 1400 Naval Officers of all ranks from ensigns to Admirals. If the United States Navy had four times its present number of war ships it would not lack for full-quotos offi cers to command them. The state auditor of Illinois reports that the late long legislative session cost $66,000 more than the last. The government spent $1,000 drap ing the postofice and custom house in NOw York in memory of Glirnt LATEST GENERAL NEWS. Only one-fourth of the 100 consul ates in Great Britain have been filled. Minister Denby has been ordered to give the consular service in China a close overhauling. The fruit business in New York has been injured by the presence of cholera in Europe. There are six or eight consulships in China to be filled, with pay salar ies of $3,500 and $5,000. Dorsheimer's new paper in New York, founded on the old Star, will be called the Telegraph. Californians will celebrate the an niversary of the admission of the state into the Union of States on Sep tember 8 and 9. General Superintendent Egan, of the Canadian Pacific railroad, denies that the frost has injured the wheat in Manitoba a particle. Belva A. Lockwood has a letter in the Pall Mall Gazette of London, ex trolling the "Maiden Tribute" arti cles in that journal. New York cigarmakers are sending money to Key West to aid the strike of the 1,600 cigarmakers there, who have been out for over two weeks. The crooked Mike Mullen has been reinstated as lieutenant on the Cin cinnati police force, on the ground that the government has pardoned him. The introduction of natural gas in Pittsburg and Allegheny has decreas ed the annual consumption of coal there to the extent of 60,000,000 bushels. Some of the Pall Hall Gazette's contemporaries in London charge that the Pall Mall's special revelations were drawn from old police court rec ords. At the present rate of., subscription to the Grant monumental fund in New York it will take 2.000 days to raise the $1,000,000. That is nearly six years. The next general conference of the IMethodist Episcopal church will be oeld in New York city in 1886, accor cling to the recent determination of the authorities. Thousands of English tourists have taken courage from Earl Carnavon's peaceful progress in Ireland and are pouring into the island to behold its beauties. Joseph Perkins died at Saratoga, N. Y., a few days ago. He was one of the foremost citizens of Cleveland, and was president of the largest or phan asylum in Ohio. The financial career of King Louis of Bavaria will soon be closed by the declaration of his bankruptcy by the the landtag, and the assignment of a guardian for the spendthrift. Washington Territory papers detail the earnest efforts of the authorities and citizens to have the Territory well represented at the New Orleans exposition next autumn and winter. CANADIAN NARROW GAUGE COM PLETED. A Winnipeg special, dated August 25th, says: The Galt railway, which runs from Dunmore on the Canadian Pacific, to Belly river, making an ac cessible route to the coal regions, was completed to-day. The line is a nar row gauge and is eighty miles long. This company, it is said, intends ex tending its line into Mkontana. Three parties of surveyors will be in the field September 1-one starting from Lethbridge, or Chin coulee, another from Bull's Head lake, and the third from Seven Persons creek-to look out a route for the extension of the line to Fort Benton, and will arrive here about Sept. 15, compare notes and make reports. This news is au thentic, coming from Donald Grant, the chief contractor, and W. H. Bart ley, chief engineer, of the Gait rail way. It is said that the company will probably extend their line to Butte. The extension to Butte is no doubt agitated with a view of supplying that camp with coke and fuel. The coal mines of Lethbridge are the most extensive of any in the North west, and a market can be found for the output. MONTANA PIONEERS. The regular annual meeting of the Pio neers Association of Montana convened at the court house in Helena last week, and was called to order by the President, Mr. James Fergus. There were present Vice Presidents Joseph A. Brown, of Beaverhead, and W. Y. DeLacy, of Lewis and Clark; Recording Secretary, Geo. H. Irvine, IT, and a large number of mem bers. The following resolution offered by J. H. Shober, Esq, was accepted: Resolved, That the following named: persons, constitute a committee to prepare and make suitable arrangements for a Pioneer banquet atitle nnnarmai meet-. ing of this lot . . o .witr. T. Hauser, Nick Ie A . Fl eree, 4, M iolter an4 GeOCERIES. HA.DWAaE. GROCERIES HARDWARE GROCERIES HARDWARE GROCERIES IHARDWARE GROCERIES HARDWARE GROCERIES Ei l HARDWARE GROCERIES HARDWARE GROCERIES DEALERS IN HARDWARE GROCERIES HARDWARE GROGroceries ardarel, l eral Merchandise HRDIWARE GROCERIES HARDWARE GROCERIES HARDWARE GROCERIES Sash, Doors, Nails & BuiIfing Material HARDWARE GROCERIES HARDWARE GROCERIES Great Falls, - . Montana HARDWARE GROCERIES KHARDWARE i--GENERAL--- 4 MERCHANDISE I IThe following offices were chosenfor l the ensuing vear: President-: ' D. eadt Vice Presidents Beaverhead-Joseph A. Brown. Chotean--Jesse F. Taylor. Custer-Thomas H. Irvine. Deer Lodge--Dr. Musigbrodt. Jefferson-N. Merriman. Meagher--Granville Stewart. Madison-J. II. Williams. Missoula--Frank Woodv. Lewis and Clarke--Chas. Rumley. Silver Bow--W. Y. Pemberton. Yellowstone-P. W. McAdow. Dawson-J. X. Beidler. Fergus--James Ferguis. Corresponding Secy--C. Hedges. Recording Secv--J. Russell Wilson. Treasurer-S. T. IHauser. NOTICE OF FINAL ENTRY. LAND OFFICE AT HELENA, MONT.. August 29, 185. NOTICE is hereby given that the following named settler has filed notice of his intention to make final proof in support of his claim, and that said proof will be made before E. E. By water, Notary Public, in and for (hotean county, Montana. at Sand Coulee, on Oct. 10, 1885, viz: William L Allen, who made Pre-em tion D.S. No. 6031 fortthe W', S Ehi, N EI w SW 5,-SE N W'.1, Section 32 Tp 20, N of B 5 E. He name the following witnesses to prove his continuous residence upon, and cultivtion of said Land, viz: Samuel D)ean. Itarris J ('lark. James G( Anthony, Gran -McKean, all of Great Falls, Montana. F. ADKINSON, Register. NOTICE OF FINAL ENTRY. LAND OFFICE AT HELENA, M T, t August 29. 1885. S Notice is hereby given that the following-nam ed settler has filed norice of his intention to make final proof in support of his claim, and that s.id proof will he made before the Register and Receiver of the U S Land Office at Helena, Montana. on Oetol~h r 13, 1885, viz: John B Traxler, who mrb~ Homestead Appli cation No 145:2 for the N.A', SWt , S'2 SwV', section 35, tp 21, N of R 1 W, and Lot 4, section 2, t 2), Nof R 1 W. He names the following witnesses to prove his continuous residence upon, and cultivation of, said land, viz: Samuel T Arnold. of Fort Shaw. Montana; Elwin F Wation. John J Ellis and L E Hull, of Sun Hiver, Mentana. F. ADKINSON, Register. Notice of Final Entry. Land Office at Helena, Montana, i August 13 1885. NOTICE is hereby given that the following named settler has filed notice of his intention to make final proof in support of his claim, and that said proof will be made before the Register and Receiver of the U. S. Land office at Helena, Montana, H T. on September 18,1885, viz: George L. Harvey, who made preemptRmn D. S, No 5733 for the S1" SE'4 sec 17 and the W'- NE3, sec 20, tp 25 N R6 W One names the following witnesses to prove his continuous residence upon, and cnLtivationiof, said land, viz: Henry B. Wade and George W. Kinney of Choteau, Montanta and Jolhn WVWade and John W Eddy of Holena, Montana F. ADKINSON, Register. POWDER Absolutely Pure. This powder never varies. A marvei of purity strength and wholesomeness. More econom:eal than the ordinary kinds, and cannot be sold i n competition with the multitude of low test, shor weight, alum or phosphrte powders. Soldonly in cans. RoTAL BAnmx PowDuI Co.. 107 sVall at., New York. WATCH AND CLOCK CLEANINGV AND REPAIRING. Give Me a Cal THO ROZE - RnuXiv, Int DEVINE'S HOTEL, SUN RIVER, - MONTANA Best meals and Most comfortable rooms of any Hotel between Benton and Heaena. Piano in Par lor for use of guests. RATES--Room and Board per Day, $1.50 Parties Travelling Will Please Not Hesitate to Wake me at any Hour of the Night. JOHN DEVINE, " - - PROPRIETOR Great Falls Blacksmith Shop, WM. J. PRATT, PROP. BLACKS1Tll1NG AND REPAIRING OF All KINDS. I am prepared to do any class of work in my line, and in a most thorough & workmanlike manner. All work done on short notice. All DISEASES OF THE FEET TREATED SICCESSFtLLY. Livery, Druft and IMule Shoeing. Cor. 1st & 3d Sts. - - Great Fall. JOHN W. WADE, Civil Engineer U. S. Dep. Mineral Surveyor. Special attention given to land surveying and irrigating canals. HELENA, MONT. H P ROLFE W.F PARKE ROLFE & PARKER, Attorneys & Counselors Special attention given to Land and Mining Claims and Collections. H P. ROLFE, U . S. Dep. Mineral Surveyor. GREAT BALLS CHARLES GGBIFFITH EDxUND INoGEsoLL County Surveyor G RIFFITH & INGERSOLL, Civil Eljineers & DeD. U. S. Mineral & Land Surveyors, Irrigating ditches and ranch surveys a specialty. OFFICES: GREAT FALLS C BENTON. D R. A. F. FOOTE, DENTIST, Broadway, . - - Helena, Mont. (ABov HERALD OFICR) GAT- LOUIS HOTEL SAin Bon Tol Restaurant, Main Street, Helena FIRST CLASS IN EVERY RESPECT. 8' Slusher, - Proprietor. OThe BUITER. GUIDIE t Iosa Murh ad Sep. S3Gun faoees,wihowver 3600 namesasiosa-a oVWs wholeLaas Pasle. direct to consesers on a01 goous hr personal or saMy -e. lls how to order, una gives emet east rof vrm thing you use, eat, datik, weuy or have ain with. These IWVALtUAJB E BOOKS contra tasatbrmatu ensed from the marklet of the wal. We will mail a oosp PRMl to spa a. dres uposn reetpt of r 10 s to defray xpensme of wsa . rLet usw bes frm you. Bmopeothfl, MONTGOMERY WARD & CO. 21r sa s22W.arh ...3 CLaeau Nb -10,000 Poles and Posts FOR SALE. 1 E. W. Dagren & Co, GREATPFALL W F. Mules br Sale! I The undersigned offers for sale, or will trade for cattle One Span of Good Mules For further information apply't&-- ANN DOCKERY, Great Farts. STOP AT SThe SILVER PALACE _ ............ ............ 4 SALOON AND -GAMING _EMPO1RIM Imported XXXX Hennesy, 7 yars. 25 cents a drink. XX Hennesy, 4 years old, 121 ets. Extra Fine 4X French Brandy, 25 cents a drink. Fine Domestic Wine 12~ cents. U Imported and Domestic Cigars at 12) and 25 cents each. HENRY A. FRY, Prop. HINESE LAUNDY Great Falls, Mont. Ah Wah, Proprietor. Laundry Work Solicited. Satis faction Guaranteed lenean& Cthe ea 8moeol " -jexI d