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GREAT FALLS TRIB"-E.
SUBSCRIPTION RATES. One copy 1 year, (in advance) ............ . i One copy 6 months,......................... i.. One copy monts.......... ................ i, Spociman copies .......................... 1'. itrictly in ad vance. The circulation of the T.uaren :in Nrthern Montana is guaranteed to exceed that of any pa per published in the tercitory. Address all commnuicati,,ne to tih TRIBGNE. G(Cea.T FALLS, lONT. cJOt 6ohv 4eonly cCie B.Y PR .H SING The best Hand-Grenude Fire .xtinguish.r ever ,'oduce . Reliabl. sire will not deteriorate with age. EXTIX(AISHES IR-.. INSTANTLY. mroof, for whatever it &018 uiyn wºl not burn. We do not ehim to extinW ~AA ey 44~c~ fjr wv4L t we emphatil d t no ii t an lie he the H ARlD HAND-(ENADI S are usd as direted a, thus co1 gration or disastrous fires r revented BY P T1 . TO DDO NOT P ful efliciencv of our Gren*ads in extiu'ihin adr uaL tires.--No Private prwill not deteriorate wit Add I I Geo. D. Budin-ton, Territory Ag't., MEasily broken, can be Wed I i! i i u ied in i Havlute reently added to their st, k a larg e consi!ent oods suitableome for proof, for whatever i H id-11 trad, onsi nting of t ci t tinguish cond, l rathio , "oc s ,i the alac ocn i te ire IDepartIent. but Fallse and Sun .River trade soliited, aii d ' ail Orders de w ri the in he ARD Hticle wanted, toether with the price as dret willig to us conwill recetione or disastrous fi;res ;r.r peventel. c AN D DO NOT P[ - CHASE 1WORiTi-'I ISS AND F 2 , I' EDI T TI i'i'ATOtip;- Send furln full particulars aid one e ioln ow haul~l l ta1. conaining o ,;·s oft he wodier ful efiiciency of our Grenales 111 cx in i*.. Prii v -- J-c Residence, Hotel, Public lutildinor e1,' 1 ir -oulad be vthout their protection reliabparie airin a lt. Ge. I)Hale's Blockudint Main St., Heena. Ii yPresents! Q B. T aciiemin & Co., AIA1CiC I- RING JiL.I '. Have recently added to their o t!,:· a Iar e ceiv' iu~i'eint o ogoods suitable for the lb iiidv irade. ceasisting of Great Falls and Sun River tradesolicuited, aed flail oiders describing the article wanted, together with the pric'e '<ou are williing to pay-, will receive prompt attention from reliable parties. Repairing a ispecialty. Hale's Block, Main St., Helena. And Dealer in Watches, Clocks, Je eirv, Etc., A. BR AbD LE Y foratc1 ('lRpning. Fpol1lacit.> jin I n d Iro 1 ls ii r ast Pins, 10 l fin Sprinaa . u1.i l AHl ,tit r a rk 1t pro ortiately )low price-. Or W1arrantead 1 Yiarr d irs Iy- mail frnim cr-at t :,lls and Sun Rliver and SWatch ('rytal-. 25ts vi ,initi c olicitd- At for Lumicnous Door Plates I 3 Main St., Helena. 13. GRAND - UNION HOTEL, Ft. Benton, Montana. STRICTLY FIRST CLASS HOTEL. Government Telegraph Office in Hotel. Special Rates to Families and Others by the Week or Month. FURNISHED ROOMS To Rent, With or Without Board. HUNSBERGER & CO., ECLIPSE Livy, Fee Sale Stables, QGreat Falls, Montana. Jos. Hamilton, - - Proprietor Corral and Best of Accommodations for Feed Animals. Broken and Unbroken Horses For Sale. uT bAcribe -E''er ihe GREAT FALLS TRIBUNE $ 3.OOa "2"ear. SREAT 'ALLS R1 IBUNE, VOL, 1, GREAT FALLS, MONTANA TERRITORY, SATURDAY, NOVEMBER 28. I885, NO, 29 TIl y. EI3JN 1 OF 3!MOTA NA. D1)lcgaite Toole:'s Views About the Next N,-w y "tt The 1t:*:.=i Phase of the Qaies:ina of Ad:i Si, to the Union. HIon. Joseph i. Tc-iale Lbecme Mon tana's repres,,nitioec to Congress, says the Washington Republican, on the expiration of the term of Hon. ½Marni lýaginni:s on March 4, 1885. Born n i Missori, Col. Toole has re sided in Montana since boyhood and is familiar with the wants as well as the wonderful resources of that grow ing Territory. He has served with distinction as State's attorney, menm I)er of the legislative assembly, and of the constitutional convention of the Territory, and was chosen by the Democracy of Montana by a compli menntary majority to represent her in the forty-ninth Congress. He is now in the city looking after the interests of li:: constituents. 'Poun have spent considerable time in the capital since your election," :aid a ltepublican reporter to Mr. Toole, "'has anything of special inter est'transpired affecting Montana, and how have you occupied your time?"T' "I have found much to occupy me hero in looking after such appoint nments as were likely to fall to jMon tana, and such departmental business as was incident to my official position. In the pursuit of these duties, ob stacles and delays which do not oh ta.in in private life are necessarily fre quent and sometimes perplexing, but the uniform courtesy and kindness shown me by tLe President, Cabinet o!Ji'ers, and the heads of bureaus have don,, much to counterbalance thlse diflicelties. "'*;Much interest has been felt in the cdur-ie to be pursued by the adminis tration relative to Territorial appoint menls. The histories of the Territo ries justifies the assertion that they have been considered in the past as a Sort of h:ospital for the care and main tenit. ce of political weaklings from thei St:ites but, happily, this policy is i iving way to a more just and en ihlitened public sentiment, which de m-ands that their local government shall be ittrti:led to their o, n citi zens. -T.i se¼timent was so potential that it found a place in the national platforms of both political parties in their last conventions. '-It is but fair to say that there have been departures from the platform in this respect in several instances, but in the main it has been adhered to: an w nd de ind cause for congratulation in even a partial realization of our hopes, especially in Montana, where tIh goveronor, scretary, and a number of other important oflicers have been chosen from residents of the Terri txry. "Montana seems to be attracting considerable attention in the east as a Territory of great possibilities," re marked the reporter. "Y es, and deservedly so. The Ter ritory is enjoying the greatest pros perity, and has a most inviting future. Since the completion of the Northern Pacific and Utah Northern railroads our population has rapidly increased, and capital has been attracted to us. Our valleys are yielding largely in agricultural products and vast tracts of desert lands are being reclaimed by irrigation. A million head of cat tle, 120,000 head of horses, and 1,200, 000 head of sheep are grazing upon the nutritious grasses of that Terri tory. Our mines are the most pro ductive of any in the country, and, although that interest is in its infan cy, the mineral output for 1885 will approximate in value $28,000,000." "How about your population?" "Our population is close on to 110, 000. No census has been taken for a long time, but the vote at the last election showed 26.969 male citizens over the age of twenty-one years in the Territory." "What are Montana's chances for admission as a State at this session of Congress ?" "Our people are naturally restive under a Territorial form of govern ment. It is restrictive of the larger rights, liberties, and aspirations of citizenship. A large majority of our citizens favor an early admission as a State, and to that end have formulat ed and adopted an admirable consti tution, and appointed a committee of leading citizens to present the same to the President and to Congress. Montana and Dakota might be ad mitted without changing the political complexion of the Senate. I have not even figured on the probability of accomplishing this, but it is among the things I hope for." RIEL'S VISIONS. A curious paper was written by Riel a few days before his execution. He had a vision, he said, and God di rected that all the rivers and moun tains, etc., should be given more Christian names. For instance, the Mediterranean sea was hereafter to be called Maria Dolorissima. The Rocky Mountains were to be called the Luminous Mountains; the North Pole, Via Marreno, after the Mexican general, and so on with a host of strange names for other prominent physieal features of the world. Jn another vision Sir John appeared be fore him and Riel charged him with having lied because he said be (Riel) was to be hanged on three different dates, and yet each time he was re spited. Sir John apeared to him on another occasion saying he was tired and desired him (Riel) to take his place as premier. This crazy idea ap pears to have taken a firm hold on Riel's mind, because when the two doctors saw him last he imagined they had come on the same mission. After repeating their conversation to Fath er Andre, he added that he believed they had been sent by Sir John-he thought perhaps they were members of the cabinet-to see whether he was tit for the place. Riel was always en deavoring to prove to Father Andre the truth of his claim to be recognized as a prophet. Recently he declared that soon there would be mourning in the courts of Capt. Neale or in his [Riel's]. Capt. Neale the other day fell from his horse and was slightly injured. Riel heard of this. "See," he said, "you will not believe me a prophet, yet now there is mourning in Capt. Neal's courts, that is, in his house." DIFFEREI:NT IHERE. An exchange asks, "what is a dol lar?" A dollar in Butte is what von render for eight drinks or~the"same number of cigars.--Town Talk. Different here. One dollar is legal tender for four liquors or the same number of rolled cabbage leaves. NT',ART_1 IN EI}.(?) Governor Hauser has telegraphed o Secret ary Lamar that Father Bron -li, a Catholic missionary, just in romni the Tongue river country, ro ports that the Indians in that country ore suffering for the want of food. Ihe report is discredited at the de partment as the agent has reported hat the usual supplies have been dis ributed, but inquiry will be made and supplies furnished if necessary. ('ATTLE DISASE IN MONTANA. CA'hrTTLE: DISASE IN MONSTANA.I A Fargo special says: It is said that said that some of the cattle now be ing shipped from Montana are afflict edt with the big jaw. Cattle shippers are afraid to ship these to St. L :al and Chicago, and are selling along the line. A Fare'o butcher bo. t three or four head the other dea. but it is declared the authorities gt after him, and he was afraid to sell them. The board of health will take the rant er u p. The following dispatch from ex Gov. Crosly .to the Inter Mo:nutain, expllains itself: N-:w Yornx. _,'.:. 16"". '3J5 To LEE MANTLE. luhttO, . 1. Smir: My interest in the present and future prosperity of Montana prompts me to offer my services in Washington for the benefit of the mining interests so seriously affected by Commissioner Spark's recent or der. I will heartily co-operate with Montana's delegation at Washington. Jxo. -)CHULER CROSBY. TIlE EXl,'[1lhA : L.,',,l:,. An extra sessio: of, the Legislature should be called this winter, if for no other reason than that of repealing the Bancroft school book bill. Before another year rolls around the Ban croft books will be so universally in use that it will look like a repeated hardship upon our people to be com pelled to buy other books. We ap prehend that an extra session this winter would develope some very un savory proceedings on the part of a few of its members.-Chronicle. We protest against anything of the kind. If the remains of last winter's fiasco should be resurrected, we are afraid they could not withstand the temptation to pass a few more idiotic measures. Montana cannot afford to take any more chances. ITS ALL HERE. Great Falls boasts of a steam saw mill, a steam planing mill and a steam louring mill. Verily, the great water power of that great city appears to be left out in the cold and unavailable. Townsend Tranchant. Evidently the Tranchant people _o not understand the situation. As to the the saw and planing mills, they are steam mills, and we feel proud of them. But the simple fact that they are steam mills, does not necessarially reflect any discredit upon our water power. Steam was used merely for the sake of convenience in handling rafted material. To have located these mills below the rapids where they could have utilized the water power, would have made the rafting :f lumber and logs to within a conve aient distance of the mills, impossi ble, whereas now they are able to gring their rafts as close as they choose. is to the flouring mill, at the last mo ment, it was found that in order to run the mill to its full capacity, would require a few more horse power than the water would furnish, without ex tending the dam further out in the stream, which, owing to the lateness >f the season could not be done. Ac ,ordingly a small threshing engine was hitched on. Our water power is not "boxed up" or otherwise obscured, but is open to observation, and if any nme doubts its power or availabilty, a risit will certainly dispel them. A head of 3~000 O ontana sheep will -e wintered in Antelopre county, N1b. Only Roller Process Mill in Northern Montana! C't% ctlm1r l ill GREAT FALLS, M. T. The Best and Latest Improved Machinery. The Best Quality of Flour Possible, Manufactured. -:CASH PAID FOR WHEAT:-- ChOlowen & Jennison, Proprietors. CHEAP JOI!N. The Northwest Magazine of a re cent date says that the murderon assault upon the Chinese in Wyom ing should secure as a warning tc corporations seeking cheap labor, The assault was brutal and indefensi ble, but similar results will follow all efforts to introduce Chinese labor in masses east of the Rocky Mountains. The yellow man cannot be imported in large numbers into the east totakE bread out of white workingmen's mouths, without creating grave dis turbances always likely to culminate in murderous riots. Labor is poorly paid now and insufficiently employed in all parts of the east. To attempt to supplant it by importing herds of Chinese heathen, who live on rice, sleep fourteen in a room, and have no families to support, is a crime against society and an outrage on the poor of our own race. --4------- NO OCCASION FOR ALAR M. A Washington special says: A gen tleman who is in a position to know states that the alarm felt at the sup posed attitude of the administration toward the Northern Pacific land grant is simply boyish. The- presi dent has never attained the idea of taking the grant away from the Nor thern Pacific, nor is this the policy of Secretary Lamar or Land Commis sioner Sparks. The latter made it a point in a recent argument concern ing the cutting of timber from gov ernment land by the Montana Im provement company. The same ar gument has been made pro forma by other commissioners. It is no new thing. The abuse of Mr. Sparks on this score does not come from the friends of the Northern Pacific, but from other sources, where rascality and fraud have met their deserts. The New York Sun in an able editorial takes strong grounds for the North ern Pacific. R FOREIGN COMMERCE. OUR FOREIGN" CO3DIERCE. Chief Switzer, of the Board of Statistics, has completed the annual report on foreign commerce. It shows a falling off in trade during the last fiscal year of $93,251,921. Comparing our foreign commerce with that of other nations, Great Britain stands first, Germany second, France third and the United States fourth. The most notable features of our foreign trade during the last fiscal year, as compared with the trade of 1884, was a decrease in im ports of merchandise of $90,000,000, and a falling off in exports of gold of $32,000,000. The decrease occurred mainly in imports of sugar and molas ses, silks,wool, and manufactures of silk and wool, iron, steel, and the manufactures of iron and steel. Great Britain not only takes about 60 per cent of our agricultural and manufactured products, but also a larger share, amounting to 27 per cent., of our manufactures than do Central America, the West Indies and South America. ANOTHER IEFUGEE. Baptiste Boucher, one of the prom inent leaders in the half-breed rebel hon, arrived in the city recently, hav ing fled from impending doom. Boucher was severely wounded dur ing the fight at Batouche, and had permission to remain with his family until he recovered from his wound. He bears with him letters vouching for his good character, and also let ters from Bishop Grandin and Gen eral Middleton urging upon him to keep his parole and surrender; but seeing how affairs were working, and not wishing to put a halter around his neck, he skipped the country and came to Montana. He feels justified in breaking his parole from the fact that he has a wife and fifteen child ren-nine girls and six boys. The letter from Bishop Grandin states that he would probably not suffer more than three or four months' im prisonment, but Boucher did not care to take chances. He has a claim in the Sweetgrass Hills which he is working. He went before the deputy clerk of the district court and declar ed his intentions to become an Amer ican citizen.-Press. THE INDIAN QUESTION. Stockgrowers' Journal: Speaking of the Indians the president asks "shall we give them schools and churches and agricultural implements for use on their reservations, or shall we deed them lands iaeverality aind leave them to their' own reourcsr" Answer: Give them all the lands they have any use for in severalty. Sell the immense amount that will remain and with it provide a fund to furnish them everything they need for a certain time. Do not leave them to their own resources, but protect them as children in all their rights. Make their lands ina!ienable for a long period of time. Use the ample funds that will arise from the sale of their lands that they have no use for in doing this and elevating them from their present degredation. Stop the system of isolating them on huge re servations, break up their tribal relations, destroy the power of petty chieftians, let them mingle with the whites and in a few years much progress will have been made in the much to be desired civilization of these unfortunate, ignorant, and dis honest human beings. TIIE TERRITORY. Cottonwood brings S8 per cord in Benton. Fires have done great damage to the southern Montana ranges. Butte still keeps up her reputation for scandals, robberies and general cussedness. Salesville, a little burg nearn Boze man was almost entirely destroyed by fire recently Indians made a raid on the Teton recently, stealing a few head of hor ses from Lawrence House and Oak Hanley. Niles Rump, an old time rancher of Confederate gulch, near Townsend, has skipped, leaving numerous dis consolate creditors in the lurch. Butte toughs are a personification of walking arsenals. One was recent ly jugged who was packing a Win chester, two navy revolvers, a bowie knife and a dirk. The Stockgrowers Journal says a number of cowmen have sold their cattle in St. Paul this season, and real ized better prlces than they would had they shipped to Chicago. Two cow punchers named Jack Moore and Fred Choate got into a dispute at Miles City last week, and lit into each other with knives. Moore was pretty badly cut, and Choate was jailed. Lola Dona, who was jailed in Ben ton last week for participating in the recent shooting affray at Rocky Point, in which one Ray lost his life, had a hearing before Judge Spencer, and was discharged. The evidence showing that the killing was did in self defence. Mr. J. T. Armington told a Pioneer Press reporter recently, that the trial trail of his sheep from Benton to the Devil's Lake extension of the Manito ba had been highly satisfactory, and that this route would be used to some considerable extent next year. This firm alone have 15,000 head on the Belt creek range. The sheep, he said, had arrived at Devil's lake in prime mutton condition. Hunter's Hot Springs in the Yellow stone country, have been sold to the Northern Pacific railroad for some thing more than $20,000. Possession to be given next May. The doctor located these springs in early days, and knowing that some day they would bring him a respectable com petence has staid with them like a brother. During the late Indian wars, the doctor had little or no troub le with the reds. They seemed to consider him "good medicine" and would not for the world harm a hair on his head, although he was situated almost in the heart of the Indian ter ritory. ----*~- - NEWS OF TLIE WORLE. The soldiers guarding Garfield's tomb will be removed Jan. L A gang of 250 negroes recently left North Carolina to seek employment in the West. The bog cholera is still raging in South Essex, Ont, Over 150 farms have been quarantined. Willis Parker of Meridian, Tex., has confessed to the murder of a man named Pickett last summer. Capt Jas. Wilson, a wealthy fruit packer of Baltimore, was recently neatly bunkoed out of $2,500. Cincinnati is testing public senti ment on the advisability of holding an industrial exposition next fummer. The pay of the county clerk of San Patrioio county, Tex., $60 a year, and there are but few candidates. Michael Davitt has promised to per sonally assist Miss Helen Taylor in her contest for member of parliament for CamberwelL The Brazil Block Coal company of Indiana has bought the Drew & Was son mines, thus ayingthe foundation for a giant monopoly. ittebur is tring to raise moey to erect an exposition buildinglarge enough to justify it in trying to secure the next national convention. Several Mormon missionaries were driven out of South Carolina over the boundary line into North Carolina re cently, by the indignant citizens. The British-American Bank Note company of IMontreal is said to have defrauded the Dominion government of $150,000 by an evasion of duties. Gen. A. C. Jones, the retiring Unit ed States consul at Nagaski, Japan, was given a magnificent entertain ment by the leading citizens, recent ly. Another Standard Oil scheme is re ported. They propose buying all the wells operated by a rival company for the purpose of crushing out the latter. Bismarck is said to have expressed strong disapproval of a project by one of the petty German princes to sell the gems of his art gallery to an American. Geo. S. Boutwell will deliver an en logy on Gen. Grant before the Web ster Historical society about Dec. 20, in the Old South meeting house, Bos ton. Since the laying of the foundation for the Schiller monument, the Chi cago admirers of Gothe propose to honor his memory likewise with a statue. The eisteddfod in Scranton, which was the largest and most successful ever held in this country closed last week. Over $2,000 were given away in prizes. Rev. Dr. Houghton accompanied Capt. Williams of the New York po lice, last week, to witness one of the biggest raids made on gambling houses in that city for years. Launt Thompson's equestrian stat ue of Gen. Burnside, to cost $35,000, is nearly ready for casting in bronze, and will be set up in front of the Providence (R. I.) city hall. Over a thousand prominent and fashionable people attended the wed ding of Miss Elizabeth Knevals to Frank B. Wesson, the law partner of ex-President Arthur, last week. Carl Schurz's offer for the Boston Post has been declined and arrange ments have been made to provide fresh capital and continue the Post as a straight-out Democratic organ. Typhoid fever is alarmingly preva lent in South Brooklyn, N. Y. Physi cians are unable to assign a cause, as the disease is principally in houses that were-closed during the summer. A silver box, shut at a wedding in Hartford, Conn., the other day, is to be kept under seal, like that of Pan dora, till the time for the silver anni versary, twenty-five years hence. It is charged in New York that President Cleveland has subjected himself to the penalties of the civil service law by handing Lamont $1.000 for political purposes in New York Five cases of smallpox were dis covered in a New York tenement house last week, and the helth officers think the family have sowed the seeds of the disease throughout the entire neighborhood. The ram which was used as a test of the French Pond, L. 1, crematory, was reduced to white ashes within two hours, under a heat of 2,000 deg. A human body can be incinerated in thirty minutes. George Muller, who has charge of several orphans' homes at Bristol, Eng., and who makes it a point never to ask for anything except by Iprayer, announces that something over $200,000 has been sent to him this year. Minister C. D. Jacob will start for Bogata, the capital of the United States of Columbia, on Dec. L He will spend several days examining the Panama canal work, and will report upon it to the government at Wash ington. The board of trustees of Princeton college have approved the stringent action of the faculty in reference to hazing, and it is understood that Princeton will not be allowed to play Yale at the polo ground on Thanks giving. At a recent fair given;at Sknow hegan, Me., by the W. G. T. U., there were exhibited a piece of lace and a pin ball made by the mother of Ralph Waldo Emmersen more than 100 years ago, a Turkish inlaid table over 250 years old, and a squirrel made of about $10,000 worth of condemned greenbacks pressed. Society circles in the town of Be allesville, West Va., are in a state of turmoil over the simultaneous disap pearance of William Riley, --of the milling and merehandising fim.. o ixon & Riley, and M osu 4 , the wife of a well iaowi r the parties econusec:;ted ,with : -best- ismlies o~f ~eatt esi~ ernr~ ~ bi · GREAT FALLS TRIBUNE. ADVERTISING RATES. Smonths 7. 8. 10.1 15. I 0. 55. a months 9. 10. 1 15. I 30. j 55. 110. 1 year.... 12. 15. 25. 50. 100. 200. 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