GREAT FALLS TRIB"-E.
One copy 1 year, (in advance) ............ . i
One copy 6 months,......................... i..
One copy monts.......... ................ i,
Spociman copies .......................... 1'.
itrictly in ad vance.
The circulation of the T.uaren :in Nrthern
Montana is guaranteed to exceed that of any pa
per published in the tercitory.
Address all commnuicati,,ne to tih
TRIBGNE. G(Cea.T FALLS, lONT.
cJOt 6ohv 4eonly cCie
B.Y PR .H SING
The best Hand-Grenude Fire .xtinguish.r ever ,'oduce . Reliabl. sire
will not deteriorate with age. EXTIX(AISHES IR-.. INSTANTLY.
mroof, for whatever it &018 uiyn wºl not burn. We do not ehim to extinW
~AA ey 44~c~ fjr wv4L
t we emphatil d t no ii t an lie he the H
ARlD HAND-(ENADI S are usd as direted a, thus co1 gration
or disastrous fires r revented BY P T1 . TO DDO NOT P
ful efliciencv of our Gren*ads in extiu'ihin adr uaL tires.--No Private
prwill not deteriorate wit Add I I
Geo. D. Budin-ton, Territory Ag't.,
MEasily broken, can be Wed I i! i i u ied in i
Havlute reently added to their st, k a larg e consi!ent oods suitableome for
proof, for whatever i H id-11 trad, onsi nting of t ci t
tinguish cond, l rathio , "oc s ,i the alac ocn i te ire IDepartIent.
but Fallse and Sun .River trade soliited, aii d ' ail Orders de w ri the in he
ARD Hticle wanted, toether with the price as dret willig to us conwill recetione
or disastrous fi;res ;r.r peventel. c AN D DO NOT P[ -
CHASE 1WORiTi-'I ISS AND F 2 , I' EDI T TI i'i'ATOtip;- Send furln
full particulars aid one e ioln ow haul~l l ta1. conaining o ,;·s oft he wodier
ful efiiciency of our Grenales 111 cx in i*.. Prii v -- J-c
Residence, Hotel, Public lutildinor e1,' 1 ir -oulad be vthout their
protection reliabparie airin a lt.
Ge. I)Hale's Blockudint Main St., Heena.
Q B. T aciiemin & Co.,
AIA1CiC I- RING JiL.I '.
Have recently added to their o t!,:· a Iar e ceiv' iu~i'eint o ogoods suitable for
the lb iiidv irade. ceasisting of
Great Falls and Sun River tradesolicuited, aed flail oiders describing the
article wanted, together with the pric'e '<ou are williing to pay-, will receive
prompt attention from reliable parties. Repairing a ispecialty.
Hale's Block, Main St., Helena.
And Dealer in
Watches, Clocks, Je eirv, Etc.,
A. BR AbD LE Y
foratc1 ('lRpning. Fpol1lacit.> jin I n d Iro 1 ls ii r ast Pins, 10
l fin Sprinaa . u1.i l AHl ,tit r a rk 1t pro ortiately )low price-. Or
W1arrantead 1 Yiarr d irs Iy- mail frnim cr-at t :,lls and Sun Rliver and
SWatch ('rytal-. 25ts vi ,initi c olicitd- At for Lumicnous Door Plates
I 3 Main St., Helena. 13.
Ft. Benton, Montana.
STRICTLY FIRST CLASS HOTEL.
Government Telegraph Office
Special Rates to Families and
Others by the Week or Month.
To Rent, With or Without Board.
HUNSBERGER & CO.,
Livy, Fee Sale Stables,
QGreat Falls, Montana.
Jos. Hamilton, - - Proprietor
Corral and Best of Accommodations for Feed
Broken and Unbroken Horses For Sale.
uT bAcribe -E''er ihe
GREAT FALLS TRIBUNE
$ 3.OOa "2"ear.
SREAT 'ALLS R1 IBUNE,
VOL, 1, GREAT FALLS, MONTANA TERRITORY, SATURDAY, NOVEMBER 28. I885, NO, 29
TIl y. EI3JN 1 OF 3!MOTA NA.
D1)lcgaite Toole:'s Views About the
Next N,-w y "tt The 1t:*:.=i Phase
of the Qaies:ina of Ad:i Si,
to the Union.
HIon. Joseph i. Tc-iale Lbecme Mon
tana's repres,,nitioec to Congress,
says the Washington Republican, on
the expiration of the term of Hon.
½Marni lýaginni:s on March 4, 1885.
Born n i Missori, Col. Toole has re
sided in Montana since boyhood and
is familiar with the wants as well as
the wonderful resources of that grow
ing Territory. He has served with
distinction as State's attorney, menm
I)er of the legislative assembly, and
of the constitutional convention of
the Territory, and was chosen by the
Democracy of Montana by a compli
menntary majority to represent her in
the forty-ninth Congress. He is now
in the city looking after the interests
of li:: constituents.
'Poun have spent considerable time
in the capital since your election,"
:aid a ltepublican reporter to Mr.
Toole, "'has anything of special inter
est'transpired affecting Montana, and
how have you occupied your time?"T'
"I have found much to occupy me
hero in looking after such appoint
nments as were likely to fall to jMon
tana, and such departmental business
as was incident to my official position.
In the pursuit of these duties, ob
stacles and delays which do not oh
ta.in in private life are necessarily fre
quent and sometimes perplexing, but
the uniform courtesy and kindness
shown me by tLe President, Cabinet
o!Ji'ers, and the heads of bureaus
have don,, much to counterbalance
"'*;Much interest has been felt in the
cdur-ie to be pursued by the adminis
tration relative to Territorial appoint
menls. The histories of the Territo
ries justifies the assertion that they
have been considered in the past as a
Sort of h:ospital for the care and main
tenit. ce of political weaklings from
thei St:ites but, happily, this policy is
i iving way to a more just and en
ihlitened public sentiment, which de
m-ands that their local government
shall be ittrti:led to their o, n citi
zens. -T.i se¼timent was so potential
that it found a place in the national
platforms of both political parties in
their last conventions.
'-It is but fair to say that there have
been departures from the platform in
this respect in several instances, but
in the main it has been adhered to:
an w nd de ind cause for congratulation
in even a partial realization of our
hopes, especially in Montana, where
tIh goveronor, scretary, and a number
of other important oflicers have been
chosen from residents of the Terri
"Montana seems to be attracting
considerable attention in the east as a
Territory of great possibilities," re
marked the reporter.
"Y es, and deservedly so. The Ter
ritory is enjoying the greatest pros
perity, and has a most inviting future.
Since the completion of the Northern
Pacific and Utah Northern railroads
our population has rapidly increased,
and capital has been attracted to us.
Our valleys are yielding largely in
agricultural products and vast tracts
of desert lands are being reclaimed
by irrigation. A million head of cat
tle, 120,000 head of horses, and 1,200,
000 head of sheep are grazing upon
the nutritious grasses of that Terri
tory. Our mines are the most pro
ductive of any in the country, and,
although that interest is in its infan
cy, the mineral output for 1885 will
approximate in value $28,000,000."
"How about your population?"
"Our population is close on to 110,
000. No census has been taken for a
long time, but the vote at the last
election showed 26.969 male citizens
over the age of twenty-one years in
"What are Montana's chances for
admission as a State at this session of
"Our people are naturally restive
under a Territorial form of govern
ment. It is restrictive of the larger
rights, liberties, and aspirations of
citizenship. A large majority of our
citizens favor an early admission as a
State, and to that end have formulat
ed and adopted an admirable consti
tution, and appointed a committee of
leading citizens to present the same
to the President and to Congress.
Montana and Dakota might be ad
mitted without changing the political
complexion of the Senate. I have
not even figured on the probability of
accomplishing this, but it is among
the things I hope for."
A curious paper was written by
Riel a few days before his execution.
He had a vision, he said, and God di
rected that all the rivers and moun
tains, etc., should be given more
Christian names. For instance, the
Mediterranean sea was hereafter to
be called Maria Dolorissima. The
Rocky Mountains were to be called
the Luminous Mountains; the North
Pole, Via Marreno, after the Mexican
general, and so on with a host of
strange names for other prominent
physieal features of the world. Jn
another vision Sir John appeared be
fore him and Riel charged him with
having lied because he said be (Riel)
was to be hanged on three different
dates, and yet each time he was re
spited. Sir John apeared to him on
another occasion saying he was tired
and desired him (Riel) to take his
place as premier. This crazy idea ap
pears to have taken a firm hold on
Riel's mind, because when the two
doctors saw him last he imagined they
had come on the same mission. After
repeating their conversation to Fath
er Andre, he added that he believed
they had been sent by Sir John-he
thought perhaps they were members
of the cabinet-to see whether he was
tit for the place. Riel was always en
deavoring to prove to Father Andre
the truth of his claim to be recognized
as a prophet. Recently he declared
that soon there would be mourning
in the courts of Capt. Neale or in his
[Riel's]. Capt. Neale the other day
fell from his horse and was slightly
injured. Riel heard of this. "See,"
he said, "you will not believe me a
prophet, yet now there is mourning
in Capt. Neal's courts, that is, in his
An exchange asks, "what is a dol
lar?" A dollar in Butte is what von
render for eight drinks or~the"same
number of cigars.--Town Talk.
Different here. One dollar is legal
tender for four liquors or the same
number of rolled cabbage leaves.
NT',ART_1 IN EI}.(?)
Governor Hauser has telegraphed
o Secret ary Lamar that Father Bron
-li, a Catholic missionary, just in
romni the Tongue river country, ro
ports that the Indians in that country
ore suffering for the want of food.
Ihe report is discredited at the de
partment as the agent has reported
hat the usual supplies have been dis
ributed, but inquiry will be made
and supplies furnished if necessary.
('ATTLE DISASE IN MONTANA.
CA'hrTTLE: DISASE IN MONSTANA.I
A Fargo special says: It is said that
said that some of the cattle now be
ing shipped from Montana are afflict
edt with the big jaw. Cattle shippers
are afraid to ship these to St. L :al
and Chicago, and are selling along
the line. A Fare'o butcher bo. t
three or four head the other dea. but
it is declared the authorities gt after
him, and he was afraid to sell them.
The board of health will take the rant
er u p.
The following dispatch from ex
Gov. Crosly .to the Inter Mo:nutain,
N-:w Yornx. _,'.:. 16"". '3J5
To LEE MANTLE. luhttO, . 1.
Smir: My interest in the present
and future prosperity of Montana
prompts me to offer my services in
Washington for the benefit of the
mining interests so seriously affected
by Commissioner Spark's recent or
der. I will heartily co-operate with
Montana's delegation at Washington.
Jxo. -)CHULER CROSBY.
TIlE EXl,'[1lhA : L.,',,l:,.
An extra sessio: of, the Legislature
should be called this winter, if for no
other reason than that of repealing
the Bancroft school book bill. Before
another year rolls around the Ban
croft books will be so universally in
use that it will look like a repeated
hardship upon our people to be com
pelled to buy other books. We ap
prehend that an extra session this
winter would develope some very un
savory proceedings on the part of a
few of its members.-Chronicle.
We protest against anything of the
kind. If the remains of last winter's
fiasco should be resurrected, we are
afraid they could not withstand the
temptation to pass a few more idiotic
measures. Montana cannot afford to
take any more chances.
ITS ALL HERE.
Great Falls boasts of a steam saw
mill, a steam planing mill and a steam
louring mill. Verily, the great water
power of that great city appears to be
left out in the cold and unavailable.
Evidently the Tranchant people
_o not understand the situation. As
to the the saw and planing mills, they
are steam mills, and we feel proud of
them. But the simple fact that they
are steam mills, does not necessarially
reflect any discredit upon our water
power. Steam was used merely for
the sake of convenience in handling
rafted material. To have located
these mills below the rapids where
they could have utilized the water
power, would have made the rafting
:f lumber and logs to within a conve
aient distance of the mills, impossi
ble, whereas now they are able to
gring their rafts as close as they choose.
is to the flouring mill, at the last mo
ment, it was found that in order to
run the mill to its full capacity, would
require a few more horse power than
the water would furnish, without ex
tending the dam further out in the
stream, which, owing to the lateness
>f the season could not be done. Ac
,ordingly a small threshing engine
was hitched on. Our water power is
not "boxed up" or otherwise obscured,
but is open to observation, and if any
nme doubts its power or availabilty, a
risit will certainly dispel them.
A head of 3~000 O ontana sheep will
-e wintered in Antelopre county, N1b.
Only Roller Process Mill in Northern Montana!
C't% ctlm1r l ill
GREAT FALLS, M. T.
The Best and Latest Improved Machinery.
The Best Quality of Flour Possible, Manufactured.
-:CASH PAID FOR WHEAT:--
ChOlowen & Jennison, Proprietors.
The Northwest Magazine of a re
cent date says that the murderon
assault upon the Chinese in Wyom
ing should secure as a warning tc
corporations seeking cheap labor,
The assault was brutal and indefensi
ble, but similar results will follow all
efforts to introduce Chinese labor in
masses east of the Rocky Mountains.
The yellow man cannot be imported
in large numbers into the east totakE
bread out of white workingmen's
mouths, without creating grave dis
turbances always likely to culminate
in murderous riots. Labor is poorly
paid now and insufficiently employed
in all parts of the east. To attempt
to supplant it by importing herds of
Chinese heathen, who live on rice,
sleep fourteen in a room, and have no
families to support, is a crime against
society and an outrage on the poor of
our own race.
NO OCCASION FOR ALAR M.
A Washington special says: A gen
tleman who is in a position to know
states that the alarm felt at the sup
posed attitude of the administration
toward the Northern Pacific land
grant is simply boyish. The- presi
dent has never attained the idea of
taking the grant away from the Nor
thern Pacific, nor is this the policy of
Secretary Lamar or Land Commis
sioner Sparks. The latter made it a
point in a recent argument concern
ing the cutting of timber from gov
ernment land by the Montana Im
provement company. The same ar
gument has been made pro forma by
other commissioners. It is no new
thing. The abuse of Mr. Sparks on
this score does not come from the
friends of the Northern Pacific, but
from other sources, where rascality
and fraud have met their deserts. The
New York Sun in an able editorial
takes strong grounds for the North
R FOREIGN COMMERCE.
OUR FOREIGN" CO3DIERCE.
Chief Switzer, of the Board of
Statistics, has completed the annual
report on foreign commerce. It
shows a falling off in trade during
the last fiscal year of $93,251,921.
Comparing our foreign commerce
with that of other nations, Great
Britain stands first, Germany second,
France third and the United States
fourth. The most notable features of
our foreign trade during the last
fiscal year, as compared with the
trade of 1884, was a decrease in im
ports of merchandise of $90,000,000,
and a falling off in exports of gold of
$32,000,000. The decrease occurred
mainly in imports of sugar and molas
ses, silks,wool, and manufactures of
silk and wool, iron, steel, and the
manufactures of iron and steel.
Great Britain not only takes about 60
per cent of our agricultural and
manufactured products, but also a
larger share, amounting to 27 per
cent., of our manufactures than do
Central America, the West Indies
and South America.
Baptiste Boucher, one of the prom
inent leaders in the half-breed rebel
hon, arrived in the city recently, hav
ing fled from impending doom.
Boucher was severely wounded dur
ing the fight at Batouche, and had
permission to remain with his family
until he recovered from his wound.
He bears with him letters vouching
for his good character, and also let
ters from Bishop Grandin and Gen
eral Middleton urging upon him to
keep his parole and surrender; but
seeing how affairs were working, and
not wishing to put a halter around
his neck, he skipped the country and
came to Montana. He feels justified
in breaking his parole from the fact
that he has a wife and fifteen child
ren-nine girls and six boys. The
letter from Bishop Grandin states
that he would probably not suffer
more than three or four months' im
prisonment, but Boucher did not care
to take chances. He has a claim in
the Sweetgrass Hills which he is
working. He went before the deputy
clerk of the district court and declar
ed his intentions to become an Amer
THE INDIAN QUESTION.
Stockgrowers' Journal: Speaking
of the Indians the president asks
"shall we give them schools and
churches and agricultural implements
for use on their reservations, or shall
we deed them lands iaeverality aind
leave them to their' own reourcsr"
Answer: Give them all the lands they
have any use for in severalty. Sell
the immense amount that will remain
and with it provide a fund to furnish
them everything they need for a
certain time. Do not leave them to
their own resources, but protect them
as children in all their rights. Make
their lands ina!ienable for a long
period of time. Use the ample funds
that will arise from the sale of their
lands that they have no use for in
doing this and elevating them from
their present degredation. Stop the
system of isolating them on huge re
servations, break up their tribal
relations, destroy the power of petty
chieftians, let them mingle with the
whites and in a few years much
progress will have been made in the
much to be desired civilization of
these unfortunate, ignorant, and dis
honest human beings.
Cottonwood brings S8 per cord in
Fires have done great damage to
the southern Montana ranges.
Butte still keeps up her reputation
for scandals, robberies and general
Salesville, a little burg nearn Boze
man was almost entirely destroyed
by fire recently
Indians made a raid on the Teton
recently, stealing a few head of hor
ses from Lawrence House and Oak
Niles Rump, an old time rancher of
Confederate gulch, near Townsend,
has skipped, leaving numerous dis
consolate creditors in the lurch.
Butte toughs are a personification
of walking arsenals. One was recent
ly jugged who was packing a Win
chester, two navy revolvers, a bowie
knife and a dirk.
The Stockgrowers Journal says a
number of cowmen have sold their
cattle in St. Paul this season, and real
ized better prlces than they would
had they shipped to Chicago.
Two cow punchers named Jack
Moore and Fred Choate got into a
dispute at Miles City last week, and
lit into each other with knives. Moore
was pretty badly cut, and Choate was
Lola Dona, who was jailed in Ben
ton last week for participating in the
recent shooting affray at Rocky
Point, in which one Ray lost his life,
had a hearing before Judge Spencer,
and was discharged. The evidence
showing that the killing was did in
Mr. J. T. Armington told a Pioneer
Press reporter recently, that the trial
trail of his sheep from Benton to the
Devil's Lake extension of the Manito
ba had been highly satisfactory, and
that this route would be used to some
considerable extent next year. This
firm alone have 15,000 head on the
Belt creek range. The sheep, he said,
had arrived at Devil's lake in prime
Hunter's Hot Springs in the Yellow
stone country, have been sold to the
Northern Pacific railroad for some
thing more than $20,000. Possession
to be given next May. The doctor
located these springs in early days,
and knowing that some day they
would bring him a respectable com
petence has staid with them like a
brother. During the late Indian
wars, the doctor had little or no troub
le with the reds. They seemed to
consider him "good medicine" and
would not for the world harm a hair
on his head, although he was situated
almost in the heart of the Indian ter
NEWS OF TLIE WORLE.
The soldiers guarding Garfield's
tomb will be removed Jan. L
A gang of 250 negroes recently left
North Carolina to seek employment
in the West.
The bog cholera is still raging in
South Essex, Ont, Over 150 farms
have been quarantined.
Willis Parker of Meridian, Tex., has
confessed to the murder of a man
named Pickett last summer.
Capt Jas. Wilson, a wealthy fruit
packer of Baltimore, was recently
neatly bunkoed out of $2,500.
Cincinnati is testing public senti
ment on the advisability of holding an
industrial exposition next fummer.
The pay of the county clerk of San
Patrioio county, Tex., $60 a year, and
there are but few candidates.
Michael Davitt has promised to per
sonally assist Miss Helen Taylor in
her contest for member of parliament
The Brazil Block Coal company of
Indiana has bought the Drew & Was
son mines, thus ayingthe foundation
for a giant monopoly.
ittebur is tring to raise moey
to erect an exposition buildinglarge
enough to justify it in trying to secure
the next national convention.
Several Mormon missionaries were
driven out of South Carolina over the
boundary line into North Carolina re
cently, by the indignant citizens.
The British-American Bank Note
company of IMontreal is said to have
defrauded the Dominion government
of $150,000 by an evasion of duties.
Gen. A. C. Jones, the retiring Unit
ed States consul at Nagaski, Japan,
was given a magnificent entertain
ment by the leading citizens, recent
Another Standard Oil scheme is re
ported. They propose buying all the
wells operated by a rival company
for the purpose of crushing out the
Bismarck is said to have expressed
strong disapproval of a project by one
of the petty German princes to sell
the gems of his art gallery to an
Geo. S. Boutwell will deliver an en
logy on Gen. Grant before the Web
ster Historical society about Dec. 20,
in the Old South meeting house, Bos
Since the laying of the foundation
for the Schiller monument, the Chi
cago admirers of Gothe propose to
honor his memory likewise with a
The eisteddfod in Scranton, which
was the largest and most successful
ever held in this country closed last
week. Over $2,000 were given away
Rev. Dr. Houghton accompanied
Capt. Williams of the New York po
lice, last week, to witness one of the
biggest raids made on gambling
houses in that city for years.
Launt Thompson's equestrian stat
ue of Gen. Burnside, to cost $35,000,
is nearly ready for casting in bronze,
and will be set up in front of the
Providence (R. I.) city hall.
Over a thousand prominent and
fashionable people attended the wed
ding of Miss Elizabeth Knevals to
Frank B. Wesson, the law partner of
ex-President Arthur, last week.
Carl Schurz's offer for the Boston
Post has been declined and arrange
ments have been made to provide
fresh capital and continue the Post as
a straight-out Democratic organ.
Typhoid fever is alarmingly preva
lent in South Brooklyn, N. Y. Physi
cians are unable to assign a cause, as
the disease is principally in houses
that were-closed during the summer.
A silver box, shut at a wedding in
Hartford, Conn., the other day, is to
be kept under seal, like that of Pan
dora, till the time for the silver anni
versary, twenty-five years hence.
It is charged in New York that
President Cleveland has subjected
himself to the penalties of the civil
service law by handing Lamont
$1.000 for political purposes in New
Five cases of smallpox were dis
covered in a New York tenement
house last week, and the helth officers
think the family have sowed the
seeds of the disease throughout the
The ram which was used as a test
of the French Pond, L. 1, crematory,
was reduced to white ashes within
two hours, under a heat of 2,000 deg.
A human body can be incinerated in
George Muller, who has charge of
several orphans' homes at Bristol,
Eng., and who makes it a point never
to ask for anything except by Iprayer,
announces that something over
$200,000 has been sent to him this
Minister C. D. Jacob will start for
Bogata, the capital of the United
States of Columbia, on Dec. L He will
spend several days examining the
Panama canal work, and will report
upon it to the government at Wash
The board of trustees of Princeton
college have approved the stringent
action of the faculty in reference to
hazing, and it is understood that
Princeton will not be allowed to play
Yale at the polo ground on Thanks
At a recent fair given;at Sknow
hegan, Me., by the W. G. T. U., there
were exhibited a piece of lace and a
pin ball made by the mother of Ralph
Waldo Emmersen more than 100 years
ago, a Turkish inlaid table over 250
years old, and a squirrel made of
about $10,000 worth of condemned
Society circles in the town of Be
allesville, West Va., are in a state of
turmoil over the simultaneous disap
pearance of William Riley, --of the
milling and merehandising fim.. o
ixon & Riley, and M osu 4 ,
the wife of a well iaowi r
the parties econusec:;ted ,with :
-best- ismlies o~f ~eatt esi~ ernr~ ~ bi ·
GREAT FALLS TRIBUNE.
Smonths 7. 8. 10.1 15. I 0. 55.
a months 9. 10. 1 15. I 30. j 55. 110.
1 year.... 12. 15. 25. 50. 100. 200.
Business notices in reading matter, 2, cents
Business notices 15 cents per line for irst in
rtion, and 10 cents per line for each subequent
nsertion of same matter.
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