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GREAT FALLS TRIBUNLE.
SUBSCRIPTION RATES. One copy 1 year. (in advance) ............... One copy 6 months,............ 1.. 0 One copy , m olths........................... 1.(t tpaciman copies .. ............ 1 Strictly in ad vance. The circulation of the TnRI.BrNin N rthern Montana is guaranteed to excoid teat of ant ia per published in the territory. Address all comn nl ,ti, tn t, l, TRIBUNE. GREa.T FALLS, MONT. " A o OW /° , O"A BY PURCHASING The bes Hand-GrenadFir Etnuihr r prod . eiable sim will not deteriorate with age. EXTINGUISHFS FIREJ S INTIANTLY. Easily broken, can e used by any one. The liquid contained in it is abso lutely harmless to the flesh and fabric, 1Evrything it touches becomes fire proof, for whatever it falls upon will not burn. We do not claim to extin ting.uish conflagration, or usurp the p)1e occupied by the e ire Department, but we emphaticaliy hold that no incipint lre can live whre the HAY WARD HAND-GRiENADES are used as directed, and thus conflagrations BY-,, P.NOT SIP - or disastrous tires are prevented. lBE CAUTIOUS AND DO NOT P CHASE WORTHLESS AND FRAUDVLENT IMITATIONS. Send for fll particulars and one of new pamphlets containiv g prodeofs of the wonder ful efficincy o fe o rur Grenades in extingi shing actual fires-No Pinvate Resily dence, Hote, canPublic Building or Manufactor shouldin be without theirs aso protection. Address,r tev it ls ul ll not cim to ti Ge. D. Bu udinton, Ter occ ritory A 't., Holiday Presentsi C. B. jacqjuemnin & Co., MANUFACTURING JEWELERS, t ave recently added to their stock a large consignment of goods suitable for the Holiday trade, consisting of DCHamnds, W atches, AND Fc, ewelry, SpectAcO es, Etc fr Great Falls and Snn River trade solicited, and Mail Orders describing the artile wanted, together with the price you anrefato wiling to pay, will reeive prompt attention from reliable parties. Repairing a speeialty. Hale's Block, Main St., Helena. And Dealer in Watches, Clocks, Jewelry, Etc., IIA .B RiA L Y EY I Main Springs, 1.5')i All oti r wiork at prorloriionately low prices. Or SWarranted 1 Year i er- hvy mail from Gireat Falls and Snn River and * Watch Crystals, 25ct' I vicinities solicited-Agt for Luminonus Door Plates I 3 Main St., Helena. I 3. L - ---I ~,--------9--- GRAND UNION ROTEL," Ft. Benton, Montana. STRICTLY FIRST CLASS HOTEL. Government Telegraph Office in Hotel. Special Rates to Families and Others by the Week or Month. FURNISHED ROOMS To Rent, With or Without Board. HUNSBERGER & CO., ECLIPSE Livery, Feelal Sale Stales, CGreat Y'alls, Montana dos. Hamilton, - - Proprietor Corral and Best of Accommodations for Feed Animals. Broken and Unbroken Horses For Sale. SubscriYe ""'oar t3=e GREAT FALLS TRIBUNE $3..00 a ea. VOL, 1, GREAT FALLS, MONTANA TERRITORY, SATURDAY, DECEMBER 5, 1885, NO, 30 PR.EDICTIONS AN) D htiGGETIOSS. WSITTEN FOR THE TRIf UNE. Growing tired of the dust, smoke, and monotony of city life, I decided to pack up a few necessaries and goWest for a change. It was not my inten tion to do more than take a summer's vacation, and then return home re freshed and invigorated, ready for a hard winter's work. With this plan in view I left Chicago early in June and came to Montana, my destination being the neow but fal-famed town of Great Falls. I arrived in due time, having passed through beautiful and picturesque scenery on the way. I had several notes of introduction to promonent men in the place. I was welcomed with true western cordiality and took up my abode with Mr. -- a man with a large heart, large views, and withal a thorough gentleman. Great Falls is only a new town and yet, it has an air of permanency that is possessed by very few towns as youthful as it. Its many natural facilities surprized me. I saw the grand series of water-falls which sur passes anything of that nature that I have ever seen. Their beauty is entrancing, but in these go-ahead times beauty is not so much admired as is something that contains motive power for manufacturing purposes. The Falls of the Missouri are full of sublime majesty and of power Power that can be utilized probably to an unlimited extent. There are numerous deposits of iron ore and coal, limestone that makes good lime for building p1ur poses, and sandstone that can be worked beautifully and easily in the Ihands of a skillful artisan, and an abundance of timber for the manu facture of lumber etc, all within easy access of the town. The bench lands for many miles around are rich and easy of cultivation. Comparitively little has been done to cultivate these lands as yet. But the crops t hat have been taken from them have yielded surprizingly both as to quantity and quality. These benches that to-day are covered with the nutritive prairie grasses, upon which thousands of horses, cattle, and sheep subsist the livelong year will, in the near future be covered with fields of waving golden grain: trees will be planted, neat and substantial houses will be erected, and in time the land scape that now looks so vast and monotonous will be covered with verdure that will surprize old Mont anians while eastern people who come will be delighted to remain and make their homes here Hundreds of old timers pooh! pooh! at the idea of farming being made an universal success in Montana. Min ing and stock raising are the only things that can ever succeed according to their notions. Notions! yes, and C that is all they are; and very foolish t and narrow notions at best. I may not be much of a writer but I can see quite plainly that the future history t of this Territory will be a grand I combination of agricultural, stock raising, mining and manufacturing t interests; such a combination as no i other State in the Union has ever seen or ever will see. There are many av enues open to manufacture in the Territory and the facilities at Great Falls for such purposes are unsur passed. Already, men of means are be ginning to see and as a result the town rejoices in a fine roller process flour ing mill of nearly 100 barrels capacity per diem, two large saw mills, one of which has a lath and shingle factory and planing mill in connection, while the other has a planing mill and a sash, door and blind factory. The town also boasts of a brickyard,where very good bricks are made. There is considerable talk of woolen mills, re duction works, for reducing ore and refining works for refining bullion. Montana is a splendid wool-grow ing country and woolen mills and fac tories will spring up which, if equip ped with the latest improved machin ery, will be capable of competing suc cessfully v ith any market in the whole co rntry. There is another industry that I think could be made a source of great income to the Territory, and that is the production of flax. Flax would grow here, and if its growth as a reg ular crop could be effected, just im agine the results! "First and foremost, linen factories would be erected, and next oil mills. would come. Mustard grows wellhere and would make a sure crop. In England the manufacture of mustard and oil cake is carried on inthe same mill.!A large quantity of the mustard consumed in the United States is imported from England. Colman's mustard being the favorite make. We could easily grow and manufacture all of the mustard required for home consumption. Now if some of the most intelligent farmers would turn their attention e:en to flax and make experiments in growing it I think excellent results could be obtained. There is a kind of flax that I have seen here that is very similar in size and appearance to the common kind and it flourishes luxuriantly; why not the com mon flax? Agriculturists seem to be inclined to be backward in making experiments. Most of them prefer to go on in the old rut and if anyone does experiment and make a failure at the outset, people say ah! ha! I told you so. Such should not be the way, for whoen a man. experiments in such directions he is ,.oing a pubic ser vice-something that should receive encouragemuent. I feel very much in terested in Montana. It is a grand country and has a glorious future be fore it, and if any of my friends want to migrate, I shall recommend Mon tana as the country and Great Falls as theirterminus. X. ('LOSINt 1 OWN. As preliminary to the general clos ing down of mills on the 1st of Janu ry, say the Inter-Mountain, decided on by the mill men of Butte, the Lex ington Saturday shut down thirty stamps, necessitating the dischage of about seventy-five men. At others of the mills stamps were also hung up aggregating an additional number about equal to those at the Legington. This is on account of the outrageous ly high freight rato on salt charged by the Union Pacific railroad. THE U. P. BRAN(CH. We understand that the Union Pa cific company surveyed a route for a railroad across northern Montana- from Helena to Benton--sevelal years ago, and that the stakes are still standing. Sun River is, of course, on the line of the survey. Now it seems that. are again looking over the route, and if the N. P. pe rsits: i run ning to Butte, as now soonmiS certain, the U. P. will very likely retali:tia by invading the N. '. compa y. --Rising Sun. The Sun is mistaken. The U. P. company have never yet made a sur vey of the route, bat some time ago we believe an official of the company made a trip over the route--in-cog- and followed the Missouri river from a point near St. Peter's 2hission,. No stakes were driven that any one knows of. A bEnWSPAPER CHANGE. The Inter-Mountain and Miner of Butte-and, by tho way, both of them excellent journals -are apparently sworn enemies, or at least the pubhlic is naturally led to suppose they are, by the quantity of mud they sling at each other through their respective columns. But the Inter-Mountain does the handsome towards its rival in the following concerning the re cent change in the management of the Miner: Mr. C. O. Zeigenfuss, for several months past editor of the fiier., has it is learned purchased the iistBrest in that journal so long held by Mr. H. T. Brown. In one respect the change is to be regretted and in another it is a gain: it results, we believe, in the re tirement of Mr. Brown from journal ism in Butte, in which he has distin guished himself as being a conserva tive and successful newspaper busi ness manager; but on the other hand it secures to Montana in the person of Mr. Zeigenfuss, one of the most com petent journalists for practical re sults yet in the Territory. The rapid advance in popular favor which the Miner has made under his able edito rial management is sufficient evidence of the fact. -----------~--- - LOST MINES. An old miner says that the exist enco of the rich placers of the Green, Wind and Snake rivers has been known from a very early day. Untii the late fortunate discovery by the Oregon prospectors, the location of the placers has been shrouded in mys tery. In one of the early 50's late in the fall, thre cameinto St. Mary's sta tion, on the Old Ben Hollidays over land route, an unkempt and grimy miner, bearing on his back a large sack of gold dust and nuggets. He said he had been at work all summer on the big watershed, but would give no certain information. He and his precious pack at once departed for the east. Early in the succeeding spring he appeared once more at St. Mary's accompanied by two compan ions and a good mining outfit The three men struck out for the big di vide, and were never heard of after wards. Whether they were killed by the Indians, or made their pile and went out by the other slope is still an open question. It has lately been ascertained that men have been working secret placers in the mountein recesses of the Teton basin all summer. Nothing definite has been learned of the character of the placers, but the stealthy workings and the time consumed leads to the supposition of rich diggings. Stead's next crusade will be against I the London police, where reform is greatly needed, ( Gen Grant's book, his publishers Ssaky, will net the-estate over $500,000. The Cataract mill at Great Falls is only paying seventy-five cents per bushel for the best wheat now. They give in exchange for live bushels of wheat one hundred pounds of flour that it, one hundred pounds of flour for three hundred pounds of wheat. We have heard a good many farmers express the opinion that this is not a fair deal.-Ft. Benton River Press. The usuit intelligence of the Press seems to have deserted it. At least it was conspicuous by its absence when the above was penned. The benefit which will accrue to northern Mon tana by the establishment of this mill, is so great that it seems prepos terous to imagine for a moment that the Press does not realize the fact. If it does, is it not a decidedly small piece of business for a newspaper which assumes to be interested in the development of the Territory, to en deavor to create dissension, and pre judice the farmers against such an enterprise as this by giving publicity and authority to such bosh? which has a decidedly frail foundation, if it has any at all. Suppose some customer of one of the Benton merchantile houses should imagine he had been unfairly dealt with, and so express himself, would it be the right thing to do, to rush the complaint into print without having a fair understanding of the whole matter? and even then it is a matter which no reputable newspaper would have any thing to do with. Before making any complain the Press should inform itself as to market price paid for wheat at other points in the Territory. At Bozeman only sixty cents per bushel is paid for soft wheat, while here the price paid has been considerably in advance of that figure. It should also be taken into consideration that the quality of wheat raised in northern Montana' this year was very poor, as a rule, and badly mixed, consequently it re quires more handling and care than it would otherwise. Then again, the Press is horrified because only one hundred pounds of flour is given for three hundred pounds of wheat. How does it know that such is the case? We have seen wheat brought to this, market that we should dislike to give fifty pounds of flour for the whole load. On the other hand, parties who have brought in a fair quality of wheat have realized a good price for the same, and were perfectly satisfied. At to the alleged numerous com plaints of "not a fair deal," we do not believe, notwithstanding the general good reputation of the Press for truth and veracity. Among the many ranchers who have marketed their wheat here, there are sure to be a few who will complain because they did not get the top price for a poor quali ty of grain. This class of persons are to be met with every where, and knowing this, it is unaccountable to understand how the Press was led into making such a statement. We are satisfied that nineteen out of every twenty men that sold their wheat here, were perfectly satisfied. There was nothing compulsory about the matter. If they choose to sell their wheat they were paid every cent it was worth, and the money realized they were privileged to expend as they seen fit. The frice of flour ranges from $3 to $3.75 per one hun dred pounds, which is cheaper than any other flour of the same quality can be sold at in this market We satfied that the proprietors of the mill are endeavoring to do as near right as possible, and by paying the pro ducer a good price for his grain, and selling the flour at a proportionate price, it is the means of putting more money into circulation than it would by paying a small price for the grain and selling the flour proportionately low. In the future, when the Press goes out of its way to make any statements of a like character, it will only be "giving a fair deal" when it looks up all the facts and guages its blast accordingly. ILLEGAL FENCING. Washington special: Reports from special agents of the general land of fice indicate that little od no attention was paid by cattlemen who enclosed public lands, to the president's mes sage of last summer commanding the removal of fences. Commissioner Sparks has sent about forty letters to the secretary of the interior, each let ter specifying and describing an ille gal enclosure of public land, giving the name of the holder or holders, and each recommends that the matter be brought to the attention of the at' torney general with the view of an institution of both civil and criminal proceedings against the oftendea Sparks also recommends that these eases be laid before the. presideul with the request that he exercise the authority conferred upon him by con Igess to make use of the military to secure the removal of the fences. NEWS OF THE WORLD. Galveston has a yellow fever scare. Believers in faith cure are holding I a convention at Pittsburg. The steamer Brooklyn ashore at Anticosti, is reported breaking up. Minnie Disher of Columbus, Neb., has been asleep twenty-nine days. Nearly 4000 window glass factory pots are out of blast in the country. The South Atlantic harbor conven tion will meet at Savannah, Ga., to-day. Last Friday the president received and disposed of 187 visitors in sever minutes. Virginia democrats are quarreling bitterly over the United States sena torship. The Missouri river improvement convention will be held at Kansas City. Dec. 19. The new Sunday law in Vienna forbids printers to dog any work on Sunday evening. Miss Helen Wolfe of David City, Neb., is the first woman appointed notary public in Nebraska. iRepresentatives of fur hat manu facturers of the United States formed an ass.ociation in New York recently. The German government, on ac count of the increased military ex penses, will increase the duties on spirits. S. R. Holt, who opened the ballot box at Indiapolis with a hatchet, has been arrested and held in $1,000 bail. London bankers talk of closing their offices at 1 o'clock Saturday af ternoons, as is the habit of the Man chester bankers. The Florida sponge fisherman have just commenced the season's business. The annual yield is about 350,000 pounds. The smallpox is spreading rapidly na Charlottstown, Prince Edward Is land. It was taken there on a stea mer from Montreal. William Fuller of Lewiston, Pa., while hunting last week, had a des perate fight with a genuine porcupine, which he killed with great difficulty. Only two of the fifteen members composing the rivers and harbors committee of the last congress failed to be re-elected members of the For ty-ninth Congress. The British government has dicid ed to annex New Guinea, provided the Australian colonies will pay $75, 000 a year toward the expense of the government. Diptheria is prevalent at Patchogue L. I., and the public schools are closed. Four deaths nave occurred in as many days. On Jan. 29 the Kansas people will celebrate the quarter centennial anni versary of the admission of Kansas into the Union. Mc. Dougall Foster, the runaway boy of Chicago, has been found at Oakland, Cal., while trying to steal his way on boaad a China steamer. At the monthly meeting of the Western Export association in Cincin nati, yesterday, the December price of whisky was fixed at $1.00. The anti-prohibitionists at Leaven worth, Kansas, are boycotting Col. Anthony's paper, the Times, on the ground that it is turning to prohibi t tionist sentiments. St. Louis is making strong efforts to become the location of the World's Fair in 1892, and thinks she has al ready crushed Chicago's ambition in that direction. Thomas Sheffery of Orleans, Neb., has a cat farm. He raises cats and ships them by the car load to Denver, where those of the male gender sell as high as $5 each. The new madhi of the Soudan is El Senoussi, for years a holy dervish of Tripoli, who predicted that the dead madhi would fail, and that he was a fraud. The raid on lower Egypt has been projected' by El Senoussi. C. A. Taylor, an American drum mrr, was arrested at Piedras Aegras by a policeman for gazing curiously at some Moxican women who were wasshing clothes. He was released by the authorities after demonstrat ing that he had no evil intentions. Captain Snyvdr. of the Cincinnati base ball beam, was reported to have seduced aod run away with Mrs. Ollie Smith, wife of a prominent Cincin natian. Ollie disappeared, but Sny der turned up with an alibi and threatens to sue the Cincinnati pa pers for libel. The master in chancery at Salem, Ill., in the case of William Wilkins and others against the unknown heirs of Wassie McCary and others, has sold the estate for $871 The estate has long been in litigation and the heirs will receive $5.35 each to pay them for their trouble and expense. While Jack McElroy and Philip Owens, farmers, were going home, near Jacksonville, Texas, they were fired on from ambush. Owens was immediately killed. The sheriff and posse have arrested three men, three of whom are suspected. Verily the Helena mining boom boometh, and the flush times in which Col Mulberry Shellers flourished are upon us. While a citizen was going to breakfast this morninghe wasap proached by three different men m the space of a few minutes on t sibjet of new mining speculaions - Uerjas GREAT FALLS TRLBULJE. ADVERTISING RATES. fweek_.. $2 . Is . 4.4 $ 6. ,3 9.1 $ '1. imontk. 5. 6.i 7. 10'J 15 5. Smonths i. 8. j 10.1 15 0. ; . 6 monLue 9.. 10 15.1 30.i . 11 I year.... I 12.1 50. ! 101. , 200. Bauiness not:ces in reading matter, 2i ce:_t or line. Business notices 15 cents per line for first in rtion, and 10 cents per line for each snbsequent nsertion of same matter. JOURNALISTIC REFLECTIO';S. We notice that the Townsend Tranchant has already commenced booming the county division schemes, and in the current issue shows con clusively by the assessor's figurek that M3eagher county is perfectly able to stand being divided into several new counties and still be able to look after herself in a decent manner. There seems to be no question but that the next legislature will be called upon to divide several of the larger counties. Regarding the proposed county of Valley, it says: We cannot, at pres ent. give the exact assessment of the entire proposed Valley county, as we have not the figures for the Jefferson county portion of it. However, we expect them before long, and can speak more advisedly on the matter. We venture that the total figures for Valley county will reach $1,700,000 this :year. The Inter Mountain say General Howard has been making a careful examination of the military necessi ties of the northern Nebraska frontier and gives it as his judgment that Forts Niobrara and Robinson should be made permanent and large posts. He recommends the entire rebuilding of the latter, which will be soon reached by the railroad. But why these elaborate precautions in north ern Nebraska, which is not exposed to one-tenth the extent as Montana? It is true, that is the range of the Sioux, but they are now no more than any one of Montana's hostile tribes. S*** The St. Paul Globe takes this com fortable view of the war in Asia: "The Asiatic war fires are burning. It is not our fight. But we have sup plies to sell for cash. The more war on the other side of the big waters the more demand for our meats and breadstuffs. This may be a selfish view to take of the conflict, but that is just the extent of the interest this country has in it." General Sheridan's recommenda tion to the department concerning the much mooted Indian problem, are sensible, and meets with the approval ,f all who have given the question any thought or consideration. If his suggestions ace acted upon, it will be a boon for Montana, where over 30, 000,000 acres of its lands are given over to the occupancy of a handful of thriftless savages who care nothing for it. The Chronicle says "by this move a large tract of the valuable land now withheld from those who would become actual settlers, culti vate and cause it to blossom as a rose. Nothing has retasded the growth of Montana to such an extent as the lack of government land open to settle ment. One-fourth of Montana, com prising the very best farming land in the territory, is held by Indians and military reservations. One-sixth of the land so held would be more than ehough for such purpose, while the opening to settlement of the remain der would bring a flood of farmers and stockgrowers to our domain that would soon increase our population two-fold. Then again, the Indians encompassed by white settlers could not rove at will and be a constant menace to the stockmen. The emi nent general is absolutely correct in his views, and not until they are car ried out will the vital Indian question be satisfactorily settled." * * The Helena Herald says it "would like to see our very suspicious Com missioner of the General Land office concentrate his zeal for the public service upon the methods employed by the Mormon church to secure all the land of any value in Utah. We have an idea that he might open up a very rich lead by prospecting dili gently in that quarter. It is the gen eral impression that the Mormon church uses its alien material to se cure titles to itself, by a vast and reg ular system of fraud and perjury. NEWS OF THE WORLE. Butte had a whist tournament last week. Gambling is on the decrease in Butte. iBozeman is threatened with a church fair. J. Ellis, a former merchant of Boze man, is dead. Ex-Treasurer Welch, of Silver Bow county, is in Butte assisting the of ficials in straightening outhis affairs. Mr. Pitts, who it was thought was fatally shot by one Harte a short time since in Boulder, is rapidly recover ing. The Dearborn Sheep company, do ing bnusiness in the South Fork of Sun river country, have been disincorpor ated. H. J. Hoppe, in charge of the Na tional Park hotel, says that the report to the effeet that furniture is being sold and removed from the hotel is wholly untrue. The Jefferson County Sentinel says that Soule Bros. IMerriman and Ben nett have located a carbonate magne sia mine on Warm Spring creek,which is at present attracting considerable attention. Henry Neihoff, of Benton,' had a lively brush with a small partyof In dians last week who were attempting to ru off a band of horses belonging to him. About twenty shots were- ired, at short range, but so for S. hwn, no onnawas Ihit, hi&ti=` v fot r