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GREAT FALLS TRIBUNE.
SUBSCRIPTION RATES. One copy l year. (in adcane ) ......... One copy rmlonltl .......................... i. On. copy 3 mont .us ........................... 1. !: Specinman copies, ................... . itrictiy in ad vaice. The circulation of the TiuarN. in Northerli Montana is gara:nte,,d t I., :.rt )f iany j,a per published in the territory. Ad±daess all con-: ' ' t I. t TRIBUNE. GnrAET FALLS, IOiT. N &V P" Tj2.2v acs - 44tL L - .dji BY PU C1ASI NG R)LCB' TI4 - I S Easily broken, can be used by any one. The liquid contained in it is abso lutely harmless to the flesh and fabric. Everything it touches becomes fire proof, forjwhatever it falls upon will not burn. We do not claim to extin tinguish-conflagration, or usurp the place occupied by the Fire Department, but we emphatically hold that no incipient fire can live where the HAY WARD HAND-GRENADES are used as directed. and thus conflagrations or disastrous fires are prevented. BE CAUTIOUS AND DO NOT PUR CHASE WORTHLESS AND FRAUDULENT IMITATIONS. Send for full particulars and one of new pamphlets containing proofs of the wonder ful efficiency of our Grenades in extinguishing aetual fires.-No Private Residence, Hotel, Public Building or Manufactory should be without their protection. Address, Geo. D. Budincton, Territory Ag't., CIREAT r T-AýLL I T. Holiday Presents! C. B. Jacquemin & Co., MANUFACTURING JEI'KI LERS, Have recently added to their stock a large consignment of goods suitable for the HHoliday trade, c tsisting of Diamonds, iWarepnnes, Clocks, J iL-y, SpXDctaDcle, Etc. CHASE Womn l zORTHLEr ~.S.'y, A Fpe M ctAION s. SEncdfo Great Falls and Sun River trade solicited, and Mail Orders describing the article wanted,t together with the price you are willing to pay, wil receive prompt attention from reliable parties. , Ree.airing a specialty. Hale's' Block, Main St., Helena.Co Hale'& Block, Mlain St., Helena. * And Dealer in Watches, Clocks, Jewelry, Etc., LI Warranted 1 e1ar d. r by mail from Great. Falls and Sun Rivr and e Watch Crystals,2letgs I vicinities solicitel- _gt for Luminous Door Plates I 3 Main St., Helena. I 3. GRAND UNION HOTEL, Ft. Benton, Montana. STRICTLY FIRST CLASS HOTEL Government Telegraph Office in Hotel. Special Rates to Families and Others by the Week or Month. FURNISHED ROOMS To Rent, ,With or Without Board. HUNSBERGER & CO., 'ECLIPSE Livery, Fee an Sale Stables, Great Falls, Montana dos. Hamilton, - - Proprietor Corral and Best of Accommodations for Feed Animals. Broken and Unbroken Horses For Sale. ESubscribe TEer B t he GREAT FALLS TRIBUNE $S 3.OO a "Eeaz. OL, , GREAT FALLS, MONTANA TERRITORYJ SATURDAY, DECEMBER 19. 1885, NO, 32 SITKA, ALASKA. Reminisc ncss vy a Former Rellidcnt WRITTEN FOR THE T)IEUNE. The most southern and enjoyabhl portion of Alaska is Sitka, t1h capl tal, chief town and seat of govern meat. Some very useful improve meats were made by the military while in possession. At first there was no wharf. Vessels on arrivi1l anchored in the roads or middle o! the harbor, the cargo ibeing unloaded: by the aid of lighters or scows anu rowed to the landing, then carried u1. a flight of stone or wooden steps tc the dilferent warehouses. This wa.: found to be very laborious, cumber some and slow work. In loading or sending supplies to the dif erent posts of Tongas, XWrangel, Kodiak and Kenay the same process was perform ed. As a requisition was required to be made for material, and approved by the proper authority, before any could be procured, improvements were slow, having to utilize such ma terial as could be found outside of the quartermaster's department. There were a few old brigs or barges of a by-gone age lying near the wharf. The hulls were sound. Those vessels were run aground by the Russians at an early period in the history of Alaska. It appears they were pursued by the British, that power being jealous of any encroach ment in the vicinity of their posses sions. "It is an ill wind that blows nobody some good." The Yankee soldiers overhauled these abandoned vessels, (abandoned since the Crimean war) and found a quantity of pocket knives, razors and other cutlery,which they disposed of t5 advantage, and in a short space of time pooeeled off the copper and sent it to market. It then became a matter of consideration as to whether these old vessels could be moved out in a line with the landing place, into deep water, filled with rock, piles placed from them to the wharf, the space filled in and a wharf made to enable vessels to load and un load as in civilized cities. No sooner said than done. The boys set to work and in a short time the pier was made and vessels of the tonnage of the Great Eastern could come and go load and unload with every facility. Stepping on the wharf you pass a large store house built of massive logs. Here was the Russian store houses andT country house. Three times a day the bell rung--morning, to go to work, rum served; noon for d:aner, rum again, and at quitting time-rum again. The Russians marched in file by two's to the build ing; the company commander unlock ed the spirit room; a large tub well filled was brought out; a sergeant ' stepped in front, took out his book, i called the names in alphabetical or- t der, each man taking the copper meas- C ure, dipped it into the tub, raised it I to his mouth and drained it to the bottom, then passed the measure to I the next, and so on. Any man not 1 wishing to go for his rum, as stated, C could leave it for a week or a month a and draw it all at once and sell it to s the Americans. A good many availed i themselves of this privilege, and were a glad to get the American dollar. As I stated in a former paper, leather mon- r ey was the only currency, passing f from hand to hand. The stamp on the piece of feather gave it value. All I kinds of goods, wares and merchan- c dise were so bought and sold. Well a might the natives exclaim: "You may d say what you please, but there's noth- e ing like leather!" I The store house is on your left, f next comes the battery commanding a the "approaches" from every direction 8 by water and by land. To the right 8 and opposite the battery are the sol diers' barracks, large log buildings s much improved in lining, flooring and b ventilation. The Russians were ut- e terly strangers to sanitary conditions a or laws. The soldiers' quarters are e approachable by a wooden stairway. g Some seventy feet higher up is the o Governor's residence, a large frame C building substantially built, possess- s ing every accommodation, comfort and o convenience. The interior is very i+ handsome; the rooms are large and t+ can be extended on public occasions, is by sliding and folding doors. From P the summit of the roof there is a e tower, in which there is a light burn- s ing day and night during the winter f months. From the elevated position of the Governor's residence and the E height of the tower this light can be c seen from a long distance by vessels n coming into the harbor. At the Gov- I ernor's residence the writer saw for s the first time the celebrated "Russian t+ baths." It was in a middle-sized room, t1 in the centre of which the bath was t4 constructed; underneath there was a a space resembling a small bread oven. 1 Here the fire is started. Above this sl there is a much larger space resei- b bling a baker's oven. Ia this thern are placed a number of oval-shaped rocks, which are heated by the fire be low. To the left of this there arc some eight or nine steps, at the tor; of which there is a small iron door. When the rocks in the upper space are red hot, or noarly so, an attend ant pours in several pails full of wa tor; the chamber is at once closed. be ing filled with steam, and the sinall door referred to, at the head of the head of the steps. is opened. On the 1 nupper steps nthe heatis to some people is unbearabne, b'.Aeis is easily re_ edeld b1 dec;ending a step or two, or imore if required. It is graduially cooler, so that a person can have any degree of heat (4esired by descending or ascending. I'e construction of these baths is very simple. Every family in Great Falls City ought to have one. The room is the first de sideratum and chief consideration. Give Mr. Fritz a vacant room, and up goes your Ilusian baths quick as a wink, and at very little cost. For rheumatism these baths are known to be the most beneficial that human sci ence or skill has yet invented. Leaving the governor's mansion and the Russian baths, you return by the stairway you ascended. Now you are firmly pianted' on Lincoln street, nam ed after the immortal President. This street is the largest in Alaska. It ex tends from the landing at the wharf to Baranoff -Rock beyond the sub urbs. On each side of the street are stores and dwellings, solid, handsome and durable. About the centre of Lincoln street (or so much of it as is inhabited) stands the Ruasian church, beautiful iaside and handsomely orna mnented. The Russian Emperors have from time to time most liberally con tributed to this temple of the Lord, where Russian men, women and chil dren kneel down and ipray. TheI l ,est villainous and outrageou:s robbery on record in Alaska's hintory was pirpe trated here. It was a most sacreligi ous crime, and went undlstected and unpuani.hed. There is a mngnificent chime of boils attached to tthe ch arch. The bell-ringers a.scend from the out sideby ladders to the belfry. During the night some r-illans ascended to the belfry, drawing the ladder up af ter them and letting it down on the inside from the dome. which is :.rm ed of glass. The pillage was then effected. The altar ornaments, sacred vessels, of gold and silver, and even the clasps and ornaments of a large Bible, presented by the Empress of Russia to the Archbishop, was disfig ured. Such an act as this-such a deed was never heard of among the Russian people--anything so vile and base was unknown. Although a re ward of S1,000 was offered, for any information that would lead to detec tion and conviction of the robbers, no clue could be found. Gen. Jeff. C. Davis, the coimanding General, did all that was possible for him to do, but failed, and in feeling and forcible language he stigmatized the robbery of the ahurch as vile beyond measure and disgraceful to humanity. In speaking ta the writer on the subject, he expressed himself as willing to go any length to find out and punish the perpetrators of such a horrible out rage against a people so poor, peaco I1 nl an rnnRffonrlinr It leaked out afterward in some way how the robbery was committed, and criminals who were concerned in some other crookedness were dishonorably discharged from the army and expell ed from the territory. After their ex pulsion it was said the "goods" stolen from the church were disposed of to a Jew who kept a kind of trading store in Sitka, and by him melted and sent to Victoria, B. C. To the left of the Greek church stood the Alaska Times office. It may be said of that paper that during its existence it was the advocate of mor ality and virtue, of equal justice and equal rights for all under our form of government, and the greatest amount of personal liberty governed by law. Conducting a newspaper even in a small town is not reposing on a bed of roses. In exposing and suppress ion of -vice, the vicious damns the edi tor; hlikewise in crime, in politics and in every kind of rascality demanding publicity. The editor is doubly damn ed, denounced, assailed, and often as saulted. We were not altogether free from menacings in remote Alaska. Paul B. Ryan was city marshal at Sitka for a long time. He was an ex cellent, trustworthy officer and a good man in everything the term implies. For some cause he resigned and was succeeded by one George Washing ton Brady. Now Mr. Brady was what the writer designated him (previous to his appointment): the butt end of a blackguard-and the writer was not mistaken. The new city marshal showed his capacity as a peace-maker by going into a billi.r4 saloon and mercilessly assaiiing Mr. Woods, a lawyer of the town, and. one of the Smot genial, affable and considerate men in the community. Not, content with u,-i,, his walkin-stick, he went for his shat gun to complete the work he had begun, but was prevented by some byst:anders. MI. David Shirp ser, an old-time Californian and mer chant of San Francisco, was in com pany with MIr. Woods and informed the Times of the outrage, no provo ecation wthatover being given to Lra('. In its next issue the Times dealt to the marshal with an unsparing hand. His appointment was condemned, his conduct denounced as ruffianly and outlawry, and the common (council) scounlrels who could sanction placing such a rascally vagabond in any posi tion of trust or responsibility were unworthy to be vested with the small est modicum of local authority. Therefore the Alaska Times called for the cancelation of the marshal's app.ointment., otherwise it would re quest the commanding General, from whom the common council derived any seeming authority (for real au thority they had none) to legislate them to go home. Mr. Brady was in office three days and was disgraceful ly dismissed, and forthwith he went to shoot an editor-to kill him on sight. J. MI0tTA A'; ('iI ISTEIN;G. A lady correspondent in Minneapo- f lis sends the following explanation of how our Territory received its name I to the Herald: i3 "Seeing in a Montana paper a cue - ry concerning the origin of the name i t: of that Territory, I write you the fol- s lowing for your information: At the i time your Territory was orguanized several names for the new country i was proposed. Colonel Cyrus A!- 1< d-rich, then a Minnesota congressman, h having heard of the romantic Indian It legend of the home of the good spirit, the land of the mountains, proposed the Indian name, Montana, as a fit g name for the new Territory. His (C suggestion was adopted and your ti Territory received the name it has since borne." We have the word of several cld- a timers who resided here when the t] Territory was organized, that the above is incorrect. They say the name was derived from the Spanish. a __________ti A prominent stockman in conversa tion with a Press reporter, stated his belief that the Bloods have been un justly accused of stealing horses from settlers and the Indians who have done the most stealing during the past summer and fall are from the Blackfoot agency. In two instances he has traced it to them, and is now convinced that they are the thieves. It is a habit of theirs to steal horses when starting out on an expedition. ride them to some point in the Judith I and iMusselshell country, abandon them and make a clean-up from the settlers in that section. "Flopping Bill" recently recovered four head belonging to the Benton & St. Louis Cattle company near Fort Maginnis I and returned them to their owners. The above seems to be the general conviction of stockmen in this section. It is claimed that the Blackfeet run the horses they steal in Montana across the line, where they exchange them for others stolen by the Bloods from the Dominion ranchers. It is known that the Bloods have a large number of Montana horses, and it is also claimed that the Blackfeet have I an equal number of horses that are t not Montana stock. Verily, the un tutored wards of the nation are learn ing to utilize the boundary line equal ly as well as the intelligent bank cashier. CAPTURE OF MORGAN. Our readers, says the Inter Moun tain, are familiar with the tragedy i that occurred at Birch creek, Beaver- I head county, on the morning of the C 5th of July last. As Fred Haining, wife and child were returning from a I call they were fired upon from am bush, Haining killed and the child so seriously wounded that the amputa- I tion of a leg was necessary. Circum- j stances pointed directly to W. D. Morgan, who was at one time married ( to Mrs. Haining, as the author of the hellish deed, but all attempts to se cure him proved unavailing. Happily Sheriff Jones, of Beaverhead county, found a picture of Morgan in a pho tograph gallery at Dillon and had copies of it printed, with which he flooded the country. Some were sent to Victoria, in the British possessions I where Morgan at one time lived. The result was his arrest by the authori ties of that place and a summons to Sheriff Jones to come and get the c prisoner. Sunday eveningthe sheriff with Morgan in charge was a passen- I ger on the south bound train for Dil on. The finale of a bloody tragedy will be decided as required by law at the next term of court in the county seat of Beaverhead. - Tea Pittsburg mills are employed exclusiv4ely "maing naturals pipe. I OUR COM3MON FOOD F.SHEif. 'Ie I ock3y untaln lok Tr ,at. r.oI rnTE r:IBUNE. When with his lively r:ava tie potent sun Slas pierved the st:crea:i and roused the It in race. TIen issuingo cheeri'il, to thy sport repair; Just in the dubious point wherewith the pot 1 Is mixed with the trembling stream, or S shere it boils roun!d a stone, or from the bott o;ied bank Rlverited plays in undula ting flow, Tiaere throw, nice juilding, the de'lusive fly: And a you lead it rou;tdl in artful curve With Ce attentive mark the springin:.g St raight as ab,,ve the s'face of the flood They w':nton rise, or urged by h::nger lea!. Thlen ix :ith gentle trwitcl, the !:arbed hok. So.me lghtly tosing to th' grassy t:,k. And to the shel.ir g s1.ri iow idraggin .iih vaiou andi: pa1.oirtined to their force. If yet too arin an" eai';I dec:eived, A tu. :;es .r y sea L.e n IIds you. r pliant Jt11;, l ritousl: of hie youtih, end the short ipade I. ha- %ej -:.d :.so ?ital light of heaven, ,iio- t dis.e .:1::': , ^..d ' :-, k into the stream The speckled ,ctatihe throw. But should sin re From hin. dri h:unt, beneath the t'ngled Of peuda.:t trees- the monarch of the brook, i'ehoret s youa then to ply your finest sit. ---TliOM P:ix'N's SEASONS. Here we are once more in our ver dant camp! We have come trout fishing. Far . overhead the gentle summer breeze sighs softly among the monarchs of the forest. Out there on yonder gnarled limb sits a squirrel chattering merrily to his mate; and there on a bough above us blithly sings a little bird. At our fooeet the limpid stream flows tinkling and gur gling over the stones; while just be low, the foam-capped water falls laughing and dancing over a minia ture cascade, like children romptug and clapping their hands in childish glee, when released from school. Circling around yon beetling eraig is the bald ea;.e, the king of birds; and, peering from th.t little clump of aldero, across the stream are three timid deer. Everything is peaceful, Nature is in a happy mood. Present ly lth soothing breeze dies away, and all is still. Hark! what sound was that ' Only the report of a distant rifle. Nay! it rumbles again louder than before, and with ominous voice. 'Tis thunder! A clondflits across the hitherto unclouded sky. A storm ap proaches. Black and frowning masses gather fast. The wind rises again. This time it is an icy blast; it howls and shrieks through the forest, bond ing giant trees like reeds, and laying saplings low. We harry into our tent and silently watch the violence of the elements. On comes the storm with a mighty rush. The stream whose bosom so lately dimpled and sparkled in the sunlight now is black and seething; it lashes the shore in infan tile fury; and the lofty trees creak and grown as though in an agony of torture. Darkness overshadows us, but not a word do we exchange: we are absorbed in contemplating the storm. The lightenings flash in lurid sheets or in far-reaching crooked streaks: the thunder roars and the rain decends in torrents, deluging everything. But loud above the noise of the storm we hear the trees falling in all directfons with many a terrific crash, and now and again we hear huge boulder -bounding along, over turning all cb;jtcie3 in their impetu ous decent from the mountain top. At last the storm subsides, the kain ceases, the clouds roll away and dis close a gorgeous sunset. Once. again the squirrels come forth from their snug retreats, and the birds sing thei vesper hymn and retires to roost. Suoe was the experience of our first day in camp. Next morning we hurridly disposed of our breakfast in our eagerness to bo off fishing; then we set out with all the necessary paraphernalia for a good day's work. X. was in high spirits, and lifted up his voice in song. Among the many pieces he sang, one is well worth re peating. It is a snatch from the 'Angler's Song': Our art can tell the insect tribe that ev ery month doth bring, And with a curious wile we know to mock its gauzy wing, We know what breeze will bid the trout through the curling waters leap, And we can surely win him from shallow or from deep; For every cunning fish can we a cunning bait provide, In the sport that we court by the gentle river side. Where may we find the music like the music of the stream? What diamond like the glances of itsever changing gleam ? What couch so softas mossy banks, where through the noontide hours Our dreamy heads are pillowed on a hun. dred simple flowers? While through the crystal stream beneath we mark the fishes glide, -To the sport that we court by the gentle river side. X. has a fulnfl rich voie, and the happy strains of the sons floi o GMREAT FALLS TRIBUNE. ADY9XTISING 1' .i.I. 1 ano 2k. 0.I Z15. Y5. j ono th S j . 1 15. it SJ. j a. Smonhs I. ! 1. 15. i 0. 55. 1 . 17a ar... . 1. I. ý 53.I( i. ; - 1 '. ( 20. Bumiiess noici; in rrading mtir., 25 eLlnts or line. BAu4inss& nct.c,' 15 conr. ,-r i:nr or f:rst in rtion, and i0 e ,nts per i for rcharubsquennt asertion of varm nmatter. on the morning air, re echoing from canyon to canyon so i ded strangely sweet and melodious. X. is an excellent fi: 1. .rm^n. but da the trip I sponk of I nghi almhnost as many trout as he di, andi all the real big one- :o.n.t th.eir way to my hook. MBy comi:an:on il" ::many an other unsciti.ie man 'tgltti there were at lnot four or ve' species of trout found in tlf we:t. I to;l him that evven the b i'g ;la::'-trou of the C,,lrubia River wa-; the sae as the filsh w' ' o' then eatchi?.'. Ialo in forne d hiLm : t n Tlowstone trout was the s:aU ', tI. Hi could not Ibllieve it. In fact. he mildly g;..-:ed that I "ws Ae-i':g a fish Sor'yi. !, T : ... vi on !.1'ieo vwhat I f:!. you i yu -'c-e it in black and white i .'um1.' »n;,'d r.ehiable work on fiASe. 1-e a i ,e woeol: -; I pro duced the fol'>win: extra",t `hilch is from 0B1 3U't'n . 'f 1n', tne, States Fi. the of -o: th ', ,. i':, 5. Jor' an ri, G ilbert) T.. ue n dii i came is Salmo purpuratu..--P!.la. The b owmn trout ,f the r Iek , `mountains and C":(':' renio, b runding in alithe Sit.c....S. of A"a.Lka, Oregon and Va:higt2 Ter;it.,ry, where it dvece',d;; to s:t w::ter, and reaches the weight uf 2 lpnames; (Columbia river, Charles J. Smith) also in tlh Y.,!;. -.a:to'+ :':r'ion, the upper Mi> i-orit, uper P Rio Grande, Co:or:ado, and to Iak.s of .he Great Bain of UtahT--being abundant in Utah L: 1e. Thsey are not common ...th f. Mn Shasta in California. Th!s s'e`ie is ip,,r 1ntly the parent stock, f'om lhich our other bl . (' ac.-s tro t have scarcely as yet. BI.::: me disterentiated. Considerable o aIC! vari ti on occur, ispecially in size, co .r.ion and size ,f scales. The 1nd M loteh's on the lower jaw boetween ith. denlarvy bones Ind the tmem,1o.:i jo(inin. thorn is t'nr: rcn d n n 1!_r. ? ?.,! )er CoLIStanIL nL ila 'iT rcnifc. This trout is calL the S:imnon trout of the Columbia, Tellowstone trout, Lake trout, and loky ?Mountain Brook trout. As : b:::t bove, it va ries greatly in ..i-e and coloration. While upcn our fishing excursion we caught fish that were nearly black, fish that were green fi tf that were almost yellow, f-ih with many spot', fish with few spots; big fish, thick fish, slim fish, fish with throat all ver milion which shaded ofi to a warm glow on the breast, and fish with only a more patch of red under the chin. Yet although the fish we caught va ried so much in size and appearance, they all bore the characteristics which proclaimed them all to be one and the same kind. The trout found in the locality of the Great Spring is ident ical with the species found in the creeks. Our trout spawn in the au tumn. At some periods of the year many people can not catch them. In fact, I have heard many an old hunt er say that they would bite only at certain seasons. But the truth is, the bait must be changed to suit the time of the year, and sometimes to suit the locality. If this important matter is skillfully attended to trout can be caught with hook and line every month in the year. Little or no fly fishing is done here, grasshoppers being the nearest al proach to flies that most people use. The trout is a very smart fish and is easily alarmed; therefore, he must be approached carefully, or off he goes like a dart. He is carniverous and a cannibal. Many fine trout have we caught by using a piece of spotted skin or the tail or eye of another fish of the same species. There is a little fish found under the stones in the brooks that is often usod for trout bait, with groat success. It looks like a miniature catfish or I.nllhead. Some people call it a stickle back; but the name is erroneous, for the fish is doubtless a species of mill ers-thumb. Some hunters say that this little fish eats the eggs and fry of the trout. If such is the case, it must consume vast quantities, for it is very voracious. I have however, examined the stomachs of many of these mill er's-thumbs and found them to con tain small water-beetles, their larvae, the grubs and larvim of beetles and flies, whose early life is spent in the water, and of the buds of water plants; but I have been unable to find any traces of eggs or of young trout. FnrD. Ax.uDtaoi. Ex-Congressman Hoar is lectur ing in Michigan. There is a movement in New York city to make the city its own gas mak er and so escape the extortions of the private companies. "Jugw mp" is the fashionable.name of prohibitiosists who want to dshut the bars and run the brown jug for private consumption. The Nez- Perce News rpot killing of'an enormous ba the Little Salmon, which has kiledtwo -. syfrweA tea .ecnl