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-r~REAT FAL~LS TRIBULE.
SUBSCRIPTION RATES. One copy 1 ye.r, (in advance) ............... s..h, One copy 6 n munthl........................... , One copy 3 mont.s.......................... L.'I bpecim an cpie.................................... 1J Strictly in ail vance. The til ulation of the TarlstNEin Northern Montana is gca:ant,.nld .o -xcoed i at c. any pa per published in the territory. Address ali'comn ,:uicat one t t t. aiitL .E. (i,1l ,1 F"ALL;i,. LION". Jo/1 Rv/IaP OII. ('it.L Easily broken, can be used b y one. The liquid contained in it is abso lutely armless to the flesh and fabric. verythin it touches becomes fire tingufish conlagratiou, or usurp the place occpied by the Fire Department, u2BY 1 *A.i a t'Hc SI but we emphatically ho that no incipient fire can live where the HAY Theor disabestrous fires are nd-Gprevented. BE CAExtinuTIOUS AND DO NOT PUR will not deteriorCHASE WORTHLESS AND FRAUDULENT IMITATIONSTA. Send TLY.r full particulars and one ofused by any one. The liquidets containing proofed in it is abso-. lutely harmless to the flesh and fabric. Evetory shig it tould be without thes becomes ire protection. for whatever it falls upon wddressill not burn. We do nt claim to etn tinguish conflagration, or usurp the ice occupied by the Fire Department. wiora disastrous fires are prevented. BE CATIOU S END DO I P full particulars and one of n ~w pamphlet containie' proofs of the wonder ful efficiency of our Grenades in e xtinguishing atuaul fir.os -No Private C. B. JacqLumin ,o0., 1AN 1 .CTURING JEW11UI:, Have recently added to their stock a large consigannt orf goods s.uitiable for the Holiday trade. consi'sting ofr 'tia 'o'ds Watches ' tlo,, Je ly- -e tIT 1Ktt s. ft. Great Falls and Sun River trade solicited, and Mail Ordrrs describing the article wanted, together with the price you are willing to pay, will recsive prompt attention from reliable parties. ilepairiag a specialty. Hale's Block, Main St., Helena. And Dealer in Watches, Clocks, Jewelry, Etc., A.B RIAID LE Y i lees f p Watch Cleaning. $1.50) iReplacing pins in Broaches and Breast Pins, 10 11 nfo r Main Springs, $1.50i All other work at proportionately low prices. Or Warranted 1 Year ders by mail from Great Falls and Sun River and Sf Watch Crystals."cts ; vicinities solicited-_Agt for LuminousDoorPlates I 3 Main St., Helena. I 3. GRAND UNION HOTEL, Ft. Benton, Montana. STRICTLY FIRST CLASS HOTEL. Government Telegraph Office in Hotel. Special Rates to Families and Others by the Week or Month. FURNISHED ROOMS To Rent, With or Without Board. HUNSBERGER & CO., ECLIPSE Liver, Fee a Sale S lles, Qreat Falls, Montana dos. Hamilton, - - Proprietor Corral and Best of Accommodations for Feed Animals. Broken and Unbroken Horses For Sale. Subscribe e'or tlhe GREAT FALLS TRIBUNE $ 3OO a rear. VLI, G, GREAT FALLS, MONTANA TERRITORY, SATURDAY, DECEMBER 26, 1885, NO, 33 j onR THi lTRIUNE. The great American statesman whose name stands at the head of this article was born in Florida, Orange county, New York, in 1801. His an cestors were Welch on his father's and Irish on his mother's side, and settled in the New World at an early date in its history. At an early age he was sent to the academy at Goshen, and at fifteen to the Union College, from which he graduated with high honors; he afterwards studied law and was admitted to the bar in 1822, and the next year entered into part nership with Judge Miller, of Aub urn, New York. In 1828 he was tendered the Con gressional nomination, but declined it, and two years latter was sent to the state senate. In 1834 he was nominated for governor, but lost the election. In 1838 he was renominated for the same office and elected by an overwhelming majority. In 1849 he was sent to the U nited a::nd .. . :,:t . and remained in that ,,i:b ,,:i M ;'. Lincoln's e:ection, whean i' "V i: ed lhe posit ion of Secretary of O i: e in hi> Cabinet, which he accepted and h.Ild during Mr. Lincoln's and Mr. Johnson's administration. Mr. Seward was looked upon and justly so, as one of the most able men in tie senate. He was not a great or popular orator, neither was he gifted with that personal magnatism so con spicuous in many of our statesmen. But few of our public men reached such eminence. He filled many posi tions with rare ability, and was the choice of the Empire state for the presidency. During the war he con ducted State affairs in a masterly manner. and near the close of the re bellion narrowly escaped death at the hands of an assassin. During his lifetime he was a pronounced liberal, opposing knowknothingism as he did the extension of the slave power. For :lmay years he was the recognized lsadtr of the republican party; orig :::iillg" 1,;:livy mnueastluv'i'. of great nia ii eal i~mportance. Of him it may be triuthfily said. he made history, and Nxll be f all time r':corded on its age ass one of the greatest ,of Ame'-0 Sic - blatesllen. To 'Williai if. Seward. more than anl other man. are we indebted for the purchase of Alaska. At the time the treaty was affected` he wass _ubhject e:t to sev,"e criticism, generally by ers ,: difT' ring politically, and who were not so well informed as he was on the extent and resources of the vast territory acquired from the Russian government. In 1869 Mr. Seward and party pro ceeded to Alaska, and received the most cheering and cordial reception from all classes. The Alaska "Times" heralded his arrival by sending out an extra edition giving a sketch of his great life and service to his country. During his stay in Sitka he was the welcome guest of William Sumner Dodge, collector of the port, and may or of the town. The military and na val officers, American and Russian citizens, were equally anxious to do him honor-doing everything in their power to render his visit pleasant and agreeable. After spending a week or two at the capital of Alaska, the Sec retary, his son Frederick and Judge Hastings visited the Chilcat country, inhabited by a numerous and power ful tribe of Indians. The presence at the time of Profes sor Davidson of the Smithsonian In stitute at Washington, accompanied by a corps of assistants, made ihe!. event most agreeable. There was a total eclipse of the sun observabil ini that portion of Alaska at the time. The arrival of Prof. Davidson and staff brought out the Chilcat tribe of Indians in great force, and when the eclipse came on, the warriors became scarred, rushing pell mell to the set tlement and casting themselves pros trate on the floor of their dwellings. To them it appeared that the world had come to an end, also the happy hunting ground. In a few minutes, however, Old Sol came out bright and shining as ever, and oh, what a rush the Indians made to have a good look at Professor Davidson. Their joy and gladness was indiscribable, and the Professor suddenly became the greatest man in the world. Sec. Sew ard was nowhere in comparison. No wizard of the North;no necromancer of the dark ages could do what Profes sor Davidson accomplished so easily to made the sun hide in darkness and then bring him.out again in brilliancy and brightness. The Chilcat warriors could not understand it, but pronounc ed the Professor, at once, the greatest Boston man, i. e., American chief in world; or the world ever seen. It was while taking observations that Prof. Davidson and party discovered a mountain of iron uar Where they stood. In his progress through Alaska, Mr Seward became more and more con vincoed of the great value of his pur chase-the forests, the fisheries, the mines and the seal rockeries impress ed him greatly, besides he considered Alaska the public highway; the half way house and recruiting rendezvous between the United States and Asia. In a national and political point of view, the cession of Alaska has great significance, and particularly so at the time the treaty was effected. It was in the mind of Secretary Seward that what foreign power and intrigue sought to accomplish, was the destruc tion of the Union and the wreck of liberty. The coalition between Eng land, France and Spain: England by the way of Canada:France by the way of Mexico; and Spain from Cuba. The plan of intervention was well laid, but the success of the Union armies South and West destroyed forever the "'alli ance" interineddling in American af fa ..-. W' I. Seward lived to see - .i , ., !,l from Mexico by the ,o_! e .,i h i, United States. He , urd the iimperial despot of France that tle goverinnent of the United States would look upon the establish meet of a monarchy in Mexico, an ad joining sister republic as a menance to republican government, and re quested the withdrawal of the French troops from that country within the period of three months. From thence may be dated the downfalL. o. Napoloon III. He found himself face to face with the powerof the American people. He withdrew and left Maximillian to his fate. The Mexican people cowed and dispersed, because convinced that the U. S. army was coming to assist them. Believing this, there was a general uprising and the imperial monarchy and monarchs mburied in the gloom of the grave. Mr. Seward also lived to see the Alabama Claims paid, a:!l the supl;r cilious superiority of Great Britain brought down a peg or two. Previous to leaving Alaska, Mir. Seward sehlee"ted somne filbser--red and yelloiv cedar, which he had saw ed into blocks and sent to his honmin New York. Visitors to his residence at Aulurn will :ee this Alaska cedar lining his sitting rooml alnd !ilrary. At Sitka, -Mr. Seward delivC rr.d a pub lic address at the Greco-Russian church. The large building was crowded; not a word, not a sentence was lost to the vast audience. In re referring to Alaska - it was the Alaska of the future he he dwelt upon. The Rus sian Archbishop and clergy were as tonished at the amount of informa tion possessed by the great statesman. Said the venerable Archbishop, "This good and great American statesman. who is distinguished in every path of life, knows much more about the coun try, its people, its resources, its cli mate and situation than any Russian living here all his life. Leaving Alaska, Mr. Seward went on to Mexico. No man ever received such a reception on 'Mexican soil. Until his arrival at the capital it was one continuous ovation. Senor Ma tias Romeo, the Mexican minister to the United States, informed his peo ple how it was with him in Washing ton while the French were in posses sion ofjhlis'comtry. Not a foreign "rep resentative," he said, "would recog nize me. I did not represent any crowned head, therefore they would not know me, and my country was in the power of the enemy. But this great man, this lofty, dignified and distinguished American statesman, at all ti an, and noticeably on great public ouccasions, showed me most friendly tl .and_ marked recognition. I was a w eh-ome visitor to him always, and now all Mexico should turn out to salute him and do him honor." And so they did, from the President down. All Mexicans vied with each other in showing respect and esteem to the man above all others who de served it. As Secretary of State, he was the persistent and powerfull ally of Mexico when that country was hard beset; assailed by traitors with in and enemies on all sides. Surely it must have been most gratifying to Mr. Seward and the party that ac companied him, to be greeted with such enthusiasm and rejoicing. The last ten years of his public life passed hastily. The cares and sor rows and the assassin's daggar mark ed his features. He died in October, 1872, having attained three score years and ten. Quietly and silently he pass ed away, full of years and full of hon or. He will always be remembered by the student of history in connec tion with the purchase and cession of Alaska to the United States. J. It is now declared that the disease from which horsesin Chicago aresuf fering is not epozootic, but -a trouble occasioned by drinking impure water. NOT ORLE FUcIIT. 'Th, county commissioners and the River Press arzŽ having a war of words concerning the assessment of stock cattle in this county. It appears ithat the board of commissioners in structed the assessor to list stock cat tie at the uniform price of $22 per head. The assessor thought other wise. disregarded their instructions, which right no one will question, and listed cattle at $25 per head. When the corunissioners met as a board of equalization, the assessor's report was taken up, and on a vote-there being only two commissioners present-as to whether his report should be sus tained, one of the commissioners voted "yes" and the other "no." The report not being rejected, was clearly sustained. Later on, at another meet ing, the commissioners not acting as a board of equalization, it was proposed to give the cattle men -who were advised to pay their taxes - a special rebate for the amount paid on their cattle over $22 per head. There being no fund pro vided by which the treasurer could legally honor these rebates, he refused to notice them, and the commission ers in return rejected his report for the quarter ending December 1. This is a plain statement of the facts as we understand them, and so far as the TniBUNE is concerned, ends there, as we do not propose taking any sides in the matter, further than to state that we believe that the assessor and treasurer did their duty in this matter. Any of our readers are privileged to think differentently if they choose. Commenting editorially upon the rejec tion of the treasurer's report, the Press says: The board of commissioners are still at it; still hurling whereases and resolutions at a defenceless people; still claiming that the board is the as sessor and the latter officer a nonen tity; still harping about a board of equalization "not sustaining the as sessor," when the vote was a tie; still making breaks of the most horrible character. The freshest piece of folly emanat ing from is its action in "rejecting" the report of the treasurer because he did not comply with the celebrated "'order No. 1," established, contrary to law and common sense, a special re bate fund for the benefit of the cattle men. This is the cap sheaf of tLe whole business. The treasurer's re port, as is well known, comes up to the end of the quarter--December 1st. He can take cognizance in his report of no official act or business after that date, and still the honorable board of commissioners "'reject" his report for the quarter ending Docember 1st be cause he did not obey an order issued by them December 9th! The treas utrer might, if he chose, take cogno zance of that order in his next quar terly report, but it is clearly not his fault if the commissioners were a mat ter of nine or ten days too late in is suing the celebrated docunient. The result of this matter will be that the treasurer--his report being unapproved--can pay out no money, can redeem no warrants, and the county must suffer a considerable loss in the way of interest. THE COOK COURT MARTIAL. A Bozeman dispatch says: "Lieut W. Cook, of Fort Ellis, is being tried by an army court-martial on charges of assault, preferred against him by Mrs. C. L. Gilman and Miss Kit Dorsey, ladies of the fort. Eleven army officers have arrived to conduct the case. Lieut. Cook has secured four of the most able attorneys in the Territory, and it is thought that he will succeed in vindicating his charac ter from the disgraceful charge." N. P. LAND DECISION. Col. Geo. Gray, general counsel for the Northern Pacific Railway, when asked about the recent decision of the United States Supreme Court in re gard to the taxes of that company said: "The suit of the Northern Pa cific against Rockers, county treas urer of Trail county, Dakota, which has just been decided, is in no re spect different from two cases decided by the same tribunal, in which the Union Pacific Railway was a party. The first of these decisions was in the December term of '72 and tie other rendered in the October term of '74. Rockers, as county treasurer, wanted to collect taxes on Northern Pacific lands in his bailiwick, and suit was brought to restrain him from so do ing. In none of these cases was the title of the railroad company involv ed, but inasmuch as Congress had pronounced that the patent to lands should not be obtained until they have been surveyed and conveyed by the railroad companies or other par ties interested, the Supreme Court held in all cases that retention of the patent was security for the payment of costs and the United States having, a legal title and that much of inter est in thelandsno t4tyor Territorial authority can tax the lands. The ti tle to no acre of land in Dakota Ter ritory, held by the Northern Pacific company, or sold by it in any manner whatsoever affected by this decision. The company has always been willing to pay, but the want of surveys and the general inactivity of officials in the land office have prevented pay ments from being made. AN ALLG(EI) TIIIEF. Some time since a young man from Spokane arrived in Butte and after remaining here a short time went to Spring Hill on the U. & N. R. R. to work:. While at that place he was arrested on the charge of stealing a saddle from Thad Wade who keeps a livery stable on the corner of Mon tana and Mercury streets. He appeared boeore Judge French on Saturday and plead not guilty to the charge, and bonds in the sum of $100 were required for his appearance at a hearing that was set for this after noon. He at once produced the money and was released. For some time past a deputy sheriff from Washington territory has been look ing for the man, having a vrrant for his arrest on the charge of cattle stealing. The deputy sheriff has spent some time in Butte looking for him, but without success. He had about become discouraged when on Sunday he ran right into his arms on Main strset, and served the warrant. The party arrested stoutly protested his innocence, but was of course obliged to accompany the officer. The 'two started for Washington Territory Monday.-Inter Mountain. 310RMION LAND FRAUDS. Cheyenne Sun, 12th: Captain I. F. Evans, special agent of the gener al land office for Utah and Southern Idaho, was here yesterday and left on last night's train for Salt Lake City. A Sun representative, in talking with him abont Mormon affairs in Utah, asked him what the situation really is. He replied that there would not be any danger from preconcerted riot. as l1 preparations for such things wouMl be carefully watched, and there would always sufficient force at hand, civil and miiitaIy, to suppress. The real danger lies in sudden outbreaks and riots where the Mormons are largely in the majority and where great damage could be done before a force could be brought to check it. As agent of the land office, Captain Evans says he has discovered numer of cases of the coolest kind of land frauds, which have grown out of dense ignorance on the part of the lower element of Mormons. and the duplicity and cunning on the part of the head men. The ignorant and unnaturalized proselytes of the Latter Day Saints have taken possession of vast tracts of land, and have believed that they held it in fee simple from the church, the government not being considered in the matter, and they have thereafter deeded the land to the church leaders, Brigham Young heretofore and President Taylor now, who hold it under the titles presum ably obtained by homesteaders and the like. NEWS OF THE WORLE. Diptheria is spreading in New York, and it is frightfully malignant. Five Arab beggars, who recently arrived at Castle Garden, are to be returned. Capt. John H. McLaren, a wealthy Maine shipowner, died at the age of eighty-five years. Dr. H. J. McHugh, one of the best known surgeons in Connecticut, committed suicide by poison. Samuel W. Patchen, a prominent Wall Street broker, fell down the steps of a club house and broke his neck. Lieut. Samuel E. Allen, of the Fifth United States artillery, was married in Brooklyn to Miss Conch ita Terry. Thieves got away with the elegant sdver table service of the Philips Congregational church at Watertown, Mass. A man named Carmichaet, cashier for McMaster & Co., Toronto, default ed for $30,000 and skipped to the United States. Much uneasiness has been caused at the Vatican by the pope's suffering from another attack of his chronic disorder of the bowels. Logan Carlisle, a son of the speak er, has gone to Wichita, Kan., to practice law. Another son of the speaker is associated with him. Tony Denier, the famous "Humpty Dumpty," has retired from the stage. He is worth $100,000, and lives in great style in Phicago. . Klausmeyer, niember of the firm of Specker, Buddeke & Co., Cincinnati, has gone to Europe, leaving a short age of $110,000. Charles H. Fisher, chief engineer of the New York Central & Hudson River, Lailroad company, has been' taken .ian insuane asylLt GREAT FALLS TRIBUNE. ADV.]LTISLIG BRALTEZ. Lw1 we ...iS2. I 3.1S 4. s 6.= 9. i$ 12 1 month. SE. . 7 . 10' 15. 2a. I months I 74. 8. 1 10. 15.: 30. 55. A monthl 9. 10. 15. o. 55. 110. 1 year.... I l. 1J. 1 5. . .0. 100. 200. ausiness notices in reading matter, 25 cents or line. Business notices 15 cents per line for first in rtion, and 10 cents per line for achisnbsequent nsertion of same matter. ADVICE TO HUSBANDS. Now as the "swearing off" day is near, the TRIBUNE presents to its read ers a few suggestions that husbands will do well not to follow if they de sire domestic felicity during the com ing year: Don't trouble yourself to be on hand promptly at your meals. Your meals. Your wife will keep your sup per as warm as toast in the oven for you. She enjoys your tardiness. Don't hurry. It's vulgar to hurry. Don't begin to eat your breakfast as soon as you sit down at the table. Bury yourself in the morning paper first for about fifteen minutes. Then your breakfast will be nice and cold and less liable to give you the dys pepsia. Your wife enjoys eating hers in silence and then watching you bolt yours. It increases feminine amia bility. Don't hesitate to remark on the thinness of the coffee and the tough ness of the steak. Remarks on the demerits of the food are encouraging to your housekeepers, and an accom plished cook may thereby, be made of an inexperienced and amiable wife. Don't hang up the towel when you have finished using it. Toss it lightly to the top of the picture frame or onto the head-board of the bedstead. Your wife expects to put it in the clothes hamper, anyway, and by the time she has walked a few yards on the bed springs, or joyfully rescued it from the picture, she will be pleasantly re minded of the hamper and of-you! Don't neglect to kick up a row if your buttons are not all on and your underwear in perfect order. Don't spare any pains to encourage habits of domesticity in your wife. Many exertions in this direction have been known to transform a light-hearted girl into an incomparable house keeper. Don't feel any hesitancy in inquir ing of your wife what she did with the $2 you gave her four weeks ago. Carelessness in monetary matters has been known to engender extrava gances of a very serious nature in wo men. Never forget the old saying that "a woman can throw out of the back window with a spoon more than a man can pitch into the front door with a shovel," and "willful waste breeds woful want." Don't fail to break up a few articles of furniture the first time she reads one of your letters or looks into your pockets. The exercise may notnbe agreeable, but the impression you make may'do you a good turn in the future, as she is liable to find some thing she would not approve of. Don't contract the habit of waking easily. You will beoften annoyed by the children if you do, and when your wife rises in the morning to build the fire she feels as fresh as a bird and she loves to see you enjoying the re freshing slumber of an innocent child. Don't let her know your are awake. Don't allow your wife to handle any money in running the house. Pay all the bills yourself, and then you know just where all the money goes to. Women are not experiencedLin monetary matters. They are liable-to pay their lady friends' car fare,(and they are fond of ribbons. Some are. even addicted to foreign mission THE CHINAMEN. There can be but little doub the Oakland Times, but that the timent of the Pacific coast will be Ii tened to and carefully considered by the present congress. And there is no reason for apprehension thliat all will be done that can be. We tro well an ably represented, and the agitation o the Chinese question here, having drawn the attention of the western and southwestern states to the dan ger that threatens them in the near future, we may most reasonably ex pect iheir air and cooperation in se curing the strongest legislative enact ment that congress has the power to pass. Pour in the petitions; they will prove a thousand times more potent than threats. Governor Hauser, says the Hel ena Herald, is in Washingtonulooking after the interests of Montana, and suggesting Montana as a good pair for Dakota. He can set up the re sources of Montana in a most convinc ing way, and catches the Democratic members with her pretty uniform and solid record for Democracy. If any one can secure our admission as a State from this congress we believe it is Gov. Sam. Hauser, and father than miss Statehood we wouldbe willing to bear, for a season, the 'doubtfnl honor of going in as a Democratic State. Congressman Prico of Wiisconsin, will intro"uce a bill auothos refinding of the direet tax from: ceartain states in 11-6. .