Newspaper Page Text
GREAT FALLS TRIBUNE.
SUBSCRIPTION RATES. One copy l yoar, (in advance) .............. w';.tJ One copy 6 mont:a,......................... t.50 Ono copy 3 months........................ .1.' 8paciman copies, ...... ...................... 1u Strictly in advance. The t ii ulation of the Tl'ivcrzin Northern Montana is guaranteed to excced that o;f ant pa per published in the territory. Address all'communications to the TRIBUNE. Gine.AT FALLS, MONT. BY PURCHASING ple, economical: will not freeze or r. it the ti o all climate will not deteriorate with ag. EXTINGUISHES FIRE. INSTANTLT. Easily broken, can be used by any one. The liquid contained in it is abso lutely harmless to the flesh and fabric. Everything it touches becomes fire proof, for whatever it falls upon will no)t barn. \We do not claim to extin tinguish conflagration, or usurp the place occu)pid by the Fire Dopartment. but we emphatically hold that no incipient fire can live where the HAY WARD HAND-GRENADES are used as directed, and thus conflagrations or disastrous fires are prevented. BE CAI'TI(OUS AND DO NOT PUll CHASE WORTHLESS AND FRAUDUI. .NT IMITATIONS. Send for full particulars and one of new pamphlets (containing proofs of the wonder ful efficiency of our Grenades in extinguishing actual tires.-No Private Residence, Hotel, Public Building or Manufactory should be without their protection. Address, Geo. D. Budington, Territory Ag'\t., CGREAT FAgLL`, 1OIT. Holiday Presents! C. B. Jac(ueIIill & Co., MANUFACTURING JIEWELERS, Have recently added to their stock a large consignment of goods suitable for the Holiday trade, consisting of Diamods, Watches, C1cks, Jed,, Spectacles, Etc. Great Falls and Sun River trade solicited, and Mail Orders describing the article wanted, together with the price you are willing to pay, will receive prompt attention from reliable parties. Repairing a specialty. Hale's Block, Main St., Helena. And Dealer in W\atches, Clocks, Jewelry, Etc., A. BR ADLEI Y ) Wacetch leaning. ..~i: ,r, ,hlacign ins in Broac.s. and . -reast Pins, 10i RMIt Sp fritg-i $1.3 i oH ,her wrh a: propi!rtiately lw price . On ir Warranted I Year dý,rs iby mail rorn Grea;t Falls and Sun River and * Watch (ry-tals, 25cts I icinitis soliited- Agt for Luminous Door Plates I 3 Main St., Helena. I 3. GRAND = _ UNION HOTEL, Ft. Benton, Montana. STRICTLY FIRST CLASS HOTEL. Government Telegraph Office in Hotel. Special Rates to Families and Others by the Week or Month. FURNISHED ROOMS To Rent, With or Without Board. HUNSBERGER & CO., ECLIPSE Livery, Fee al Sale Stables, C.reat Falls, Montana dos. Hamilton, - - Proprietor Corral and Best of Accommodations for Feed Animals. Broken and Unbroken Horses For Sale. S..'bscri'be El"or thl.e GREAT1FALLS TRIBUNE $_3.0 a Y ear. GREAT IFALLS 'RIBUNE) VOL, 1, GREAT FALLS, MONTANA TERRITORY, SATURDAY,IJANUARY 2, I886, NO, 34 REM1NESCENCE OF THE WAR. ¢oR THE TRIBUN,. It was early in '64, when Grant was still holding Lee in his grip, and the greatest soldier of modern times was marching from Atlanta to the sea, that the intelligence arrived by the dispatclboat Gettysburg of some dis aster to our forces in North Carolina. There was a force at the town of Plymouth supposed to be strong euol- i, Ii 'i _l t i u2 la.2.. J ...--Ui' . su':i fri ;ld ferry -i,-bat,. I:ut the times were such ii:hat tlhe gove't( ntl,?i of necessity, availed itscif of every thing within reach that could be roen dered servicable. It was well known to us, at the period spoken of, that two large and powerful iron-clad rams were fitting out on the Roanoke river, with a view of destroying the small naval force in North Carolina, and smash things generally. At the time a joint expedition was in process of formation, to ascend the Roanoke, to capture Fort Branch on the way and cut out the iron-clads or destroy them. Before this expedition was got in shape, the Rebel ram Albemarle, swept down the river without opposi tion until reaching Plymouth. The situation in all its force presented it self to the two Union officers com manding the land and naval forces in that section. The town of Plymouth is situated on the left bank of the Roanoke river about two mile above its mouth, where it empties into Albemarle Sounds. A few miles in the distance could be seen" Roanoke Island, captured early in the war by the forces under Gen. Burnside. Had the Union forces at Plymouth been forced to retreat they must have done so by water.and the ad vent of iron-clad ram, barred the way. (Gen. Wessell, commanding the Union forces, found himself surrounded by land and water. Generals Branch and Hoke of the Confederate army, were in the rear of the town with a large force. and the Albemarle in his front on the river. Both the Confed erate generals and the troops in their command, were raised in that section. and were familiar with every foot of the country. If there was any way of escaped from the place by the hemm ed in forces it must by the capture or destruction of tae Albermarle. To that end the U. S. naval officer and the small force under his command bent all their energies. Ascending the river in his wooden vessel to grap ple with the iron monster, and if pos sible, board her. The unequal fight took place in front of Plymouth--the combatants not twenty yards apart. The Union commander soon discover ed that every shot aimed at the Albe marle had no effect, as her plating of 41 inch railroad iron, turned the mis tles harmlessly away. To get a shot at the Albemarle between wind and water was the last hope. Coolly he went to work to accomplish it and aimed the shot, which reboluded, and killed him where he stood. This end ed the engagem-.ent. The Union vgs sel got out in a crippled condition guns dismantled, and the decks streaming with the blood of the dead and dying The Southfield, an old New York ferry boat, converted into a gun.boat, fell into the hands of the enemy and Wessel's command made prisoners. Such were the disasters reported at the Division headquar ters. While these movements were taking place, another force of a different na ture was getting ready to deal with the Confederate iron cruisers. A very young man named Cushing, a native of New Hampshire, and serving in the U. S. Navy in a subordinate posi tion, proposed a methodof putting an end to the Rebel rams Albemarle and Consort. His scheme was pronounced impracticable and impossible of exe cution. "I can do it," he said, and after much intreaty permission was grant ed him to address the Secretary of the Navy in reference to his project. Mr. Fox, the assistant secretary lent a willing ear and placed the matter in a favorable light before Mr. Wells, the secretary. As everything relating to this enterprise was mark-ed "dis approved" by the senior officers of the Navy, Secretary Wells hesitated in giving his approval., Cushing stood firm as the granite hills from which he came, and pressed the chief of his department with such earnestness, that Secretary' said he would place the matter before the President. "Place me before the Presideit," said Cushing: and he did,- ,President Lincoln was at all timesaipproachable and carried no .red tape." Promptly the order was issued to permit Lieut. Cushing to carry out his project. In fifteen years service, I never saw officer or man more oibfideit of him self and his undertaking than Cush ing. "I'll do it," he said, "you'll see I'll do it," Hurridly a boat was got ready at Norfolk, Va. A launch boat convert ed into a steamer, from which no steam, smoke or sound escaped-all repressed by some skillful contrivance. The armament of this boat consisted of a howitzer, torpedo and a few small arms. Anyother supplies or assistance needed were to be supplyed by Capt. ''c('o',b of t:he Shamrock, then flag hl, i: ,,e wate.rs of North Carolina. :, r,:ach C:,!,t. McComb under the :hen circ :aisamnes Jeemed impossi ,,... j To pass from Virginia-a part .,f which was in our possession-into North Carolina, and evade meeting the enemy was no easy matter. To this day it is unaccountable to many, as it is to the writer, how every move ment on land and water of ours, reach ed the Confederate authorities. To get over this barrier even with the few who from necessity had any knowl edge of the enterprise, seemed im probable. When all was ready, a report was given out when the craft would start, but a start was made 48 hours before the time named, and in the hazy gray of morning rounded the small town of Edenton, N. C. Some nondescript, as the lookout from the vessels reported, was seen moving along the shore. This nondescript was Cushing and his little party, who, when the mist cleared away, hoisted the flag, and made for the flag ship to report to the flag officer, Com. McComb. Having met this gallant officer on previous occasions, a most warm and cordial reception was ex tended. McComb was then in the bey day of his life. His son accom panied him everywhere as his secre tary and clerk. "So you'll be just in time for Launigan's ball," he said to to Cushing. There were in his command some four or five double enders. so called by being built to head in any direction without turning as other steamers do. These vessels were buiit to do service on inland waters and pIrn ved luoot servicable. Their arm:am ;n1t was heavy, consisting of six, eight and nine inch shot and shell guns, and two swivel or pivot eleven-inch grape and canister guns. These gun.s can be worked with extraordinary rapidi ty and are most effective. From some of the officers we learn ed that the Albomarle had come out from her moorings at Plymouth, ac companied by a regiment of soldiers on other boats to witness the destruc tion or surrender of the Yankee fleet. The fleet, such as it was, was all double-enders, and under command of Cormod(re Iolanethon Smith. Capt. Francis A. Roe, whom I had known inin Washington in '(1i, was in command of one of the double-enders. He was a native of Virginia, but stood true to the flag, and had no peer in his branch of the service. He was executive officer of the Pensacola, off Alexandria, Va., when McClellan was organizing the army of the Potomac, in '61, and went down to the gulf with Admiral Farragut to capture New Orleans. More attention, 'probably, was given to him on account of his being a Southern man, just the same as there was to Farragut and General Thomas. Capt. Roe was a tall, dark, swarthy man; a countenance and eye like Gen. Mahone of the Confederacy. Somehow or another with all his fine abilities, promotion came very slow to ,him, like the the irascible Gen. Bragg. 'Twas said he was all all the time in hot water. It appeared that when the ram came down the Albemarle Sounds to destroy the Yankees, Capt. Roe rushed for him at full speed, striking him a terrible blow, but in doing so broke all the fore part of his own vessel, added to which he made an effort to grapple with the enemy and board her. Failing in this, he had sacks of powder on deck to throw into the smoke stacks of the Albemarle and blow him up. After a terrific combat the enemy was forced to retire, and the regiment that came down to help capture the Yankees, were taken prisoners, and just as they were captured, sent to Norfolk to be disposed of as prisoners of war. Capt Roe did not fight his vessel according to regulations, consequent ly trouble sprung up between him and the flag officer, now Admiral, and both were removed from the scene of the conflict, and that was how McComb of the Shamrock, arrived to be just in time for "Lannigan's ball." With him and the other coihmanders there appeared to exist complete harmony, although with some there was no dif ference in rank, except that conferred by seniority. Such was the state of things when Cushing put in an ap pearance. A short council of war was held, "an .everything," as Capt Mc Nally would-say, "settled in the most - amicable manner." e Subsequent events shlwed that th, Confederate forces at Plymouth were t informed of the attempt about to be made, and had the Albemarle en o trenched alongside the batteries of thE 11 town, and had a number of logs secur . ed around to prevent the full force o: 3 the anticipated blow striking her 11 Above the town, the same precaution e were adopted, although attack was not U. expected from that quarter. A mar of the country showed that an attac! was feasible from the upper side ii ea force could be got there. The Ro - anoke and Chowan rivers run on a t parallel line for some distance. Be tween the two is a considerable stream called the Middle river, which, in Splaces, was so torturous and narrow that seldom, if ever, had it been utilized previous to the time of which I write. The stream is an arm or spur of the Roanoke,branching offat a point r a short distance above the town of - Plymouth and empties into the - Sounds between the mouth of the Roanoke and the town of Edenton. t The intermediate space between the I Roanoke and the Middle rivers is an impassible swamp. This rather lengthy description is necessary on Saccount of the positions of the con tending forces and consequent results. An attempt was made in the forenoon to ascend the Roanoke, but was found to be impracticable. The heavy guns of the enemy commanded the applroaches, and no vessel of wooden build could breast the storm of iron I hail that fell on all sides. McComb backed out. falling back to his old an chorage. There was, however, some - thing learned of great importance. About a mile this side of the approach to the town of Plymouth, the old New York ferry boat referred to in the fore part of this article, was found to be moored across the passage way, hav ing on board a strong picket guard. From each end of the craft, a number of logs secured by chains, extended from bank to bank. To inTnrn hei rýlodrnnfoni n of tho 'o insure the destruction of the Albemarle it was necessary to, capture this craft and all on board, without any alarm being given. That after noon volunteers was called for to per form the task. and so many respond ed, that a selection had to be made. Soon everything was in readiness, and only waiting for the moon to retire behind the hills. At last the small party got on their way: the sailors pulling with muffled oars, the soldiers cool and steady. The torpedo boat bringing up the rear. Silence and darkness shook hands together. In a short time the hull of the old South field became visible. Nearer and nearer, and no picket boat in sight. A few moments more and the old fer ry boat was in posseisson of its orig inal owners. After the capture of the Confederate guard, they were placed in the hold and the hatches put down to prevent any alarm being given. It was a complete surprise, and augured well for the success of the expedition. In a few moments, the logs secured to the Southfield were removed, and on went Cushing and his few men to glory or a grave. Hedging close to the right bank of the river he careful ly approached the Albemare. It was then about 2 o'clock a. m.; the lights were burning brightly in the town and soldiers' quarters. Sentinels pac ed up and down the wharf with measured step, and close by lay the doomed vessel. Now or never was the work to be done. Down came the avenging messenger; the middle of the stream was reached, when the re flection of the lights on the shore fall ing the water, brought into view the steam launch. The challenge came hurriedly: "What boat is that ap proaching?" Noanswer. Again and again came the challenge. "You'll know damned soon," muttered Cush ing, and so they did. The howitzer on the steam launch replied to the volley of musketry; the few guns and revolvers, ditto. But the final answer came in the rush for the ran; everything on board of her became alive with motion Itswas no use, however; Cushing, lanyard in hand, lowered the torpedo and force ed his little craft over the logs. The torpedo made its way under the ram, and there exploded with a terrific re port. Cushing dived under the water and escaped to the swamp; two of his men were killed and two taken prisoners. Among the latter was Major Swan, now living in New Hampshire. A few days after the event described, the town of Plymouth was again in our possession and so remained until the close of the war. The Albemarle was raised, repaired and sold for a large sum to a foreign power. Plymouth was of little im portance in itself;,but the raw might have done as-the Merrimac did; ical enulable damage., Her consort was not completed when thehe curtain of rebe1l lion fell at Apomattox. 3. SEN. JONES' ALASKA GOLD I~INE A Big" Bonanza in Alaska, and the Senator on Top Again. Letters from San Francisco anc Alaska report that the Hon. John P Jones, who on March 4th of this yeal entered upon his third term as a U. S Senator from Nevada, is once more or the high road to fortune by virtue oi his share in the Paris gold mine or Douglass Island, Alaska. When Jones was elected to the Senate in 1872, tc succeed ex-Gov. Nye of Nevada, hE was the, boss millionaire of the Comstock lode, and was reputed to b: worth some $5,000,000 as his share of the profits of the bonanza struck in the Crown Point mine, at that time the richest mine on the Comstock. but which was soon sinrpassed by the big bonanzas of the Consolidated Virginia and California, which gave their col ossal fortunes to Flood & O'Brien, Mackay, and Fair. Like other mnon who have become suddenly rich by a stroke of good luck, Jones embarked in many and varied speculations, and dropped his money almost as rapidly as he had ac quired it. He went into a great min ing enterprise in Kern county, Cali fornia, in company with ex-Senator Stewart and the late Trenor W-. Park. The enterprise ended in a total fail ure and the loss of a very large amount of money. He started the watering place of Santa Monica, near Los An gelos, and built a railroad which never paid its running expenses. He built an extravagant building for a Turk ish bath in San Francisco, and finally in 1879, shortly after he had entered upon his second term in the Senate, he invested his bottom dollar in the delusive Sierra Nevada mine, which was expected to rival the Consolidat ed Virginia in the bigness of its bo nanza. The Sierra Nevada, at the north end of the Comstock lode, had been worked for several years, the assess ments had been many and frequent, the dividends nil. The shares had dropped down, down, to 85 cents, when news came that a bonanza had been struck. The mining sharps and spec- ulators of San Francisco had decided that Consolidated Virginia was about played out, and they rushed into Sierra Nevada an ran the shares up to $215. The higher they went the more eager were the speculators to get in. Even such astute mining men as Jones, Flood, Skae, and many others were caught. The bubble burst and the shares dropped almost as rapidly as they had risen. The are again down to 75 cents. Jones' Crown Point mil lions had changed hands, and the mining outlook on the Pacific coast was decidedly gloomy. Nearly coincident with the collapse of the Sierra Nevada boom, gold was found by two prospectors from Sitka in a small creek on the coast of Alas ka, near the Indian villages of Takou and Auk, about 150 miles northeast of Sitka. The prospectors followed the course of the creek up a gorge between high and percipitous mountain to its source in a plateau about three miles from tide water, and there found indi cations of surface deposits of free gold and several promising veins of quartz, When news of the discovery reached Sitka it stirred up the few white residents of that sleepy little town, and there was a general exodus to the new diggings. Thie pinccr and quartz veins were quickly located and claimed, the officers of the United States steamship Jamestown, station ed at Sitka, being early and eager lo cators. They expected that when the news reached San Francisco it would cause an excitement there and a rush to invest in the newly discovered gold field. In this they were disappointed. Mining interests in San Francisco were under a cloud of distrust, and the moderate and small operators were cleaned out, and had nothing left to invest in Alaska mines, even if they had believed in them, which they didn't. The camp at Harrisburg, since changed to Juineau, attracted only the floating whites of Sitka and Wran gle, with a contingent of gold hunters from the exhausted Cassiar placers in British Columbia. Every foot of placer ground was staked off and worked with more or less success, but on the quartz lodes, which needed capital to develope them, work was limited to the assessment work requir ed by law to complete the titles to the claims. There was no capital in the camp to pay for machinery, and none could be had from San Francisco. The second and third summers brought a few recruits from San Fran cisco, Portland and Victoria, but- they were needy prospectors seek-ing.oea tions that would cost not hin Finding every promisin spot on the placers of the uiaidland takeni up, the new eeoentur eitheir'attetion GREAT FALLS TRIBUNE. .ADV RTISING RATI-. I mont. 5I. 8.1 7. 10' 11.j i . Smonths 7. 8. 10. 1. 2. 55. I monthis .! 10. 1. 3o0. 15. 117. 1 Tear.... I li. 1. 31.. .. i 1 0. X70. 1iuoi oss nouoces in rsedinc man..r, 25 cents or line. Business noticce 15 cents per line for first in rtion, and 10 cer,ts per line for eachsubsequent nsertion of same matter. to Douglass Island, which is separat ed from the mainland by a channel a quarter of a mile wide and navigable for the largest steamers to Ha rrs burg, or, as it is now called, Juinean. Above Juineau the channel narrows to a canor passage. Douglass Island is about sixteen miles long, and four or five miles wide. Its surface is bro ken up into high hills, covered with pine forests, which rise abruptly from the water. Indications were found of gold in a small stream leading up into the hills opposite Juineau, and loca tions were made without any very sanguine hope that they would ever rival in value the locations on the op posite mainiand. A_ Mr. Treadwell, a builder and con tractor of San Francisco, went to Ju inatau, partly for his healill and partly to look at the mirning district. After prc :sp) cting thi, m'Uning claims in the mnanland platea:1 and on the island, ho bought the unworked claim on the island now known as the Paris mine, for ~ii00. After prospecting it enough to be entirely satisied with his pur chase. he returned to San Francisco and formed a partnership with four wealthy men to own and work the mine. The work was to be prosecuted quietly and economically until it could be shown that the property had a positive value, which would warrant the erection of large works. The joint property was divided into six shares Treadwell retaining one share: Col. J. J. Fry, a former partner of Sharon, taking one; Edward Fry one, Horace James Freeborn two. Treadwell was appointed manager, and returned to the mine. Tunnelling was begun and actively persecuted, and a small stamp mill sent up. SWhile this was going on a strong party of squatters had taken possess ion the top of the hill, had stripped it of timber, and found a rich placer which they claimed the right to work on the plea that the mining location bought by Treadwell did not cover the placer claim. They were in the wrong, and were tresspassers without a shadow of right, but there was no court in the Territory to expel them. They were men who, whether right or wrong, would not give up the ground until they were forced to yield. So they held on for more than two years. and took off about $200,000. Senator Jones acquired from Mr. Freeborn one-half of his Freeborn's. one third interest in the mine. This will uudoubedtly make the jolly Sen ator a rich man again. The Paris claim covers 1,500 feet of mining ground running parallel with the ship channel. The ground rises up some 300 feet above the water and has been tunnelled for a distance of 400 feet from the water frbnt. The tunnel has a gently rising grade down which the ore-ladened cars descend by gravity to a large 120-stamp mill which has now been at work about six months. All the mining and milling work is above the high water level. Supplies for the mill and mine are landed alongside of the mill. Wood and wa ter are abundand, and no gold-pro ducing mine in the world is more fa vorably situated for easy and econom ical working. Experts who worked for years on the Comstock declare that the Paris mountain covers a larger mass of ore that can be profitably worked, than has ever been found in the entire Comstock lode. The popular senior Senator from Nevada is to be con gratul&d upon an investment which will yidl him an income of $250,000 to $300,000 a year The success of the Paris mine is starting active developments upon the adjoining properties on Douglass Island, as well upon the hitherto neg lected claims on the opposite main land. Prospecting is being actively carried on above and below Juineau. and there is strong evidence in favor of the belief that Alaska holds many valuable deposits of gold, and will soon rank as one of the largest con tributors to the world's stock of that precious metal. The Grand Island (Neb.) Times wept and turned its rules whea Vanderbilt died. A new Republican paparz the Tri bune, hastappeared in Philadelphia. The project of dividing Washing ton Territory meets with little favor either east or west of the -Cascades. The deficit in the accounts of J. E. Stitt, city trearurer of Wabash, Ind., is $2,900, but he stoutly maintains that he knows nothing ofathe defalca tion. Tha present senior elas of.. ln bia college, New York, propose, upon graduation, to leave a memorialin the shape of a $1000,000 colletg gy.n M.i Millbank of New YorV -is building a $%90,000 villa on th_'sf$e of the famo `old mansio onae own ed by Willia ' lL Tweed, at Greeu wil onn.