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GREAT FALLS TRIBUNE.
SUBSCRIPTION RATES. On ecopy 1 year, (in advance) ........... u3. One.copy 6 montha ....................... .... ) One copy S months .................. .. 1.)u Bpeciman copies, ............................ 1 Strictly in advance. The il alation of the TRI.UNE in Northern Montana is guaranteed to exceed that of any pa per published in the territory. Address all!commnnications to the TRIBUNE. GREAT FALLS, MONT. ft £'v ( 4L & ' 2a3I/rq - LtA&j C.Vf4v u j~dVA 40. Q6d Eu4&MdjLk The best Hand-Grenade ire Extinuisher ,ver rod d. ib , sim Easily broken, can be used by any one. The nid contained in it i a proof, for whatever it falls upon will not burn. e do not claim to extin tinguish conflagration, or usurp the Ilaee occupied by the Fire Dpartment. BCHASE WORTHLESS AND FRAUDULENT I TAT NS. Sen for full particulars and one of new pamhlet containing proofs of the wonder fulThe best Hand-cy of our Grenades in extinguishing actual fires.--No Private m Rne, econHotel, Public Buildingnot freeze or Maufat ory hou be withoutt the f ll iritt protectiof, for whatever it falls upon n.ill not burn do not claim to etiAddress, t inguish conflagration, or usurp the place occ b the ire Depar t. t-P E .T FATlrS, TIONT. ut we emphatically hold that no inciPrent se an live where the s A C. B. Jacquemin & Co., WARD Have recently added to their stock a large onignmendt of goods suitable foration the H-oliday trade, consisting of CHASE WORTHLESS AND FRAUDULENT IMITATIONS. Send fortc. full particularlls and Sun iver trade solicited, containing Ords ofscriing the ful efficiency of our Grenades in extinguishing actual fires.--Nco Private article wanted, togther with the lrie ou are willing to payh without theive prompt attention from reliable paddrtes. es, airing r pecialty. B.Hale's Block, Ma in St., HeCena. Have recently added to their stock a large consignment of goods suitable for Great. Falls and Sun River trade solicited and Mail Orders describing the article wanted, together with the plice you are willing to piay, willreceives prompt attention fro reliable ties. 'e airing neialt . Hale's Block, Main St., Heiena. And Deaier in Watches, Clocks, Jewelry, Etc., A.iBRB' AD L'E Y SWatch Cleaning. 51.0 i Replacing pins in Broaches and Breast Pins. i. 3Tain bpring<. l.St) 111 \ thcrw.ork at !prortrionat ly low~ rice . I 1r -Piiiee fls .1 :Warranted t Year d ri l: mail from Great lfullts a n River and SWat. h Crystals, _25ts vicinities soliciteod- u_ t for LuminousDoor Plat(s 13 Main St., Helena. 1 3. GRAND -k=--.-. -- ...... UNION HOTEL, Ft. Benton, Montana. STRICTLY FIRST CLASS HOTEL. Government Telegraph Office in Hotel. Special Rates to Families and Others by the Week or Month. FURNISHED ROOMS To Rent, With or Without Board. HUNSBERGER & CO., ECLIPSE Livry, Fee ant Sale Stahle, Creat Falls, MontaE.na dos. Hamilton, - - Proprietor Corral and Best of Accommo~dtions for Feed Animals. Broken and Unbroken Horses For Sale. S .":bscroibe f'or tzhe GREAT FALLS TRIBUNE ~3(3, 9ea .. R EAT FALLS T IDUR NE, VOL, 1, GREAT FALLS, MONTANA TERRITORY, SATURDAY, JANUARY 9, 1886, NO, 35 A CHAPTER ON O WLS. The Members of This Great Fa iily i Residents of 3ontana. The Superstition in Regard to Them. WRITTEN 1FOR TIIE TRIUNE. In all ages, ancient and modern, owls have occupied a tprominent place among birds. Not only in their form and voice peculiar, but their nocturn- 1 al habits envelop them with an air of mystery that could be acquired in no 1 other way. In the old world they are 1 constantly associated with ruins and dessolation and solitude. There, vari i ous species have made their home for !hundreds, even thousands of years, among the remains of former civiliza tions. Was it not written of Baby lon: "But wild beasts of the desert shall lie there: and their houses shall be full of doleful creatures: and owls i shall dwell there, and satyrs shall dance there." With us in this newly 1 peopled land, these birds are more apt I to recall the damp, still wood, or se- I cluded glen, where the rays of the sun I scarcely penetrate; some vertible sleepy hollow where in the night 1 hours any superstitious fears we may possess would be greatly augmented i by thoughts of all sorts of hob goblins I and evil things that might pounce down upon one at a moment's notice. t Possibly could we behold two thous and years into the changing future, I we might see the descendants of our t owls, having long ago deserted the I scant forests, hovering about the ruins of this XIX century. We may be s.ur they would be regarded with the I same carious gaze by the looker on, c accorded them when living among ox- C isting ruins, and they would return - that gaze with the same slow stare, as l much at to say "we are the same, 5 whatever our surroundings." But. to return to some of the peculi- c ar attrilbutvs and characteristics of I owls. ihey have ever been esteemed c the bird pre-eminent of wisdom. Was not the owl, Minerva's favorite philo- x pher? And if we may belives the 1 poet: "Mid all the tribes of airy fowl, t Nought. is so wise as the horned owl; If in daylight he opens his eyes by chance, C tHe shuts them again with a satisfied I glance, t For the rays of the sun make all things c dim, And the light within is enoughg for I him." But what has this hermit, as he is often called, done to gain such a rep utation? Very little, I believe. It is utation? Very little, I believe. It is one of those not totally unknown cases where "appearances go a long 01 way." The bird's physiognomy isi peculiar among all its class. The in skull is broad and short, and the eyes i so placed in front that both can be directed at the same object without turning the head. This, itself, at times imparts a sort of half human aspect. Then too, they stand erect, with the whole face forward, and have u' all the slow, deliberate actions often n acquired with wisdom. The large, round, yellow eye itself adds rather a ludicrous aspect to the otherwise quite l solemn demeanor. I was never more impressed by this than once when coming suddenly upon a great horned owl perched just above my head. The bird heard a rustle, and, after much blinking, gazed about inquiringly, sc but without seeing the cause of his disturbance. Again, after making a slight noise, he drew his head back and loolked down at me square in the face. The view seemed unsatisfactory however, for he raised his head and gazed into the distance.as if to better e adjust the focus of his vision. Again he looked square at me and was again unsatisfied. Another adjustment and another gaze, when suddenly he seemed to discern some frightful ob ject, and bethinking himself of his re wings make off in all haste. He was evidently in much the same condition as the man, who steps out from a per fectly dark room into the bright sun- se light. Owls belong to the Strigidma, or nocturnal birds of prey, but some species can be found about at nearly sl all hours of the day, and all can see quite well in sunlight if given time to in adjust the eye to its surroundings. pf Compare, for an instant, the eye of the nearly related hawk -with that of the owl. The rapidly dilating and ar contracting iris and power of de pression of the upper eyelid, gives an air of energy and fierceness to the for- si mer, totally wanting in the latter. v When once an owl gets his eyes fairly opened they are round and yellow, with all the expressionless gaze of a glass eye in the human being. The hearing of these birds is al ways acute. The ear is large and well developed. It is whblly coneeal ed from view by feathers, but these tb ie o lightly over the opening as to o'er little or noimpediaentto sound Several species have tufts of feathers standing up ovor the eyes and often called ears, although really these tufts have no connection with the sense of hearing. As to plumage, no birds have a covering better adapted to passing through the air without noise. At night they may glide by within a few feet of one, but not the s rustle of a feather will be heard more than from some passing shaddow. It is no shaddow however, to the prey they are it s,.rrch of when transfixed b by long, sharp talons. Then rather, g it becomes the very embodiment of bone and sinew. f The owl most commonly met with d in this country is the Great Horned a Owl above mentioned. (Bubo Vir c ginianus, var?) Specimens measure ti about two feet in length, and four and t1 one-half feet from tip to tip of out stretched wings. The female is some what the largest, as is common among c birds of prey. The loud, resonant hooting of ihis bird and answer by its ri mate is wel known to almost every body, but. the bird has another utter ance not so cften heard, or recognized s. when heard, as coming from the same source. This last is a harsh scream, ti uttered with the falling accent and at regular intervals for sometimes hours at a time. It is heard, if in the day- s time, just before a storm, but oftener sl on some still evening, and it is the e: harshest and most disagreeable note a that comes fr)m the throat of any bird I know. Listening to the sound d at night as it pierces the air from n Rome heavy clump of timber, far re moved from all the deadening effects of civilization on the imagination, ti one is ahnost inclined to believe some it of the superstitions, of the quaint or I. gloomy, connected with the bird him- ri $elf. tl The Great Gray Owl, (Ulnla cin- b ?rea) larger o.en than the one we h The Great iray UVwl, (Uln.a cln ýrea) larger c~,en than the one we lave been speaking about, and with mt horns; and the Snowy Owl, Myctea scaudiea) more or less pure rhito all over, (this last only a winter ird from the regions far northward), ire other large species found in MIon ana. Then there is the long-eared tnd the short-eared owl, (Asio Aneri anus and Asi- accipitrinus) neither >f which are oftien met with here, and .he Burrowing Owi, (Speotyto cuni nularia hypogi a) often seen about rairio dog towns, and the Hawk Owl, Lurnia funerea) combining some of he characteristics of both hawks and )wls, and last and least of those found n this Territory, is the California 'igmy Owl, (Glaucidium gnoma) one >f the oddest little fellows imaginable. [his dwarf amnng his tribe stands ittle more than six inches high, but n his frame areall the characteristics if the larger birds, and in addition, noreover, quite a pleasing voice. My irst acquaintance with him was made ,bile living at Gold Run some years tack. Out hunting one day half way tp a mountain side, I heard a strange ioise, evidently made by a bird that oeemed to be on the mountain appo ite and nearly a mile distant. The tote might be represented by the syl able c-o-r p, uttered in a clear. rather nusical tone, without inflection and t short, regular intervals. Listening or some time, I at length determined o hunt out the source of so curious a ound. Passing down into the narrow 'alley I had not gone over a one bird of a mile before the direction of he sound seemed to change and hap )ening to look upward there was the >ird, perched on the very tip of a tall, lead pine close by, although the sound eemed no louded than when first leard. On shooting and examining he prize, it proved to be this specie rhich is said to be common on the ?acific slope, but not known before to te on this side of the range. When eturning, I met a man carrying a ri le, who lived far back in the timber. 3e said he had heard a curious sounid ll the morning and was going out "to ee what was up." I told him what I tad been doing and accordingly he urned back with me. This httle owl in his joy at coming pring, had wrought far more than ie intended with his mellow "hoot ng." Here, at least, two or more ersons with more or less murderous utent had started out to hunt him [own. "In silence there is wisdom," nd herein ordinarily lies the wisdom -f this bird. Only on two or three ocasions have I heard its call, but ince I have ran across several indi iduals in heavy timber quite distant rom mountains. This, as well as the arger species, live to a great exterit in mice, and as a class owls may be onsidered most useful birds. R. S W. Sharon, P tarribly excited over he mysteric of COL. hompson, wn and realthy .y. A FOREST RESERVE. Senator Edmunds Has Presented a Bill to Set Aside a Forest Reserve in Montana. Senator Edmunds has before the senate a bill to seb4apart a forest re serve in the northwestern Montana which, says the Pioneer Press, is so wise and necessary that it is almost too much to hope it will suicceed in getting through both houses of con gress. It adds: "No thoughtful man who has watch ed the steady disappearance of our forests and studied the effect of their destruction upon soil, upon climate, and upon the character of water cources and the prospects of agricul ture, can for a moment doubt that these wasteful generations are prepar ing the way for a painful and tedious period in the future, when it will be come necessary to build up by the processes of nature what has been recklessly and uselessly torn down. Not much can be done to stay the course of destruction, but can be done should not be emitted. Millions could not now purchase from the nation the great Yellowstone Park, whose wonders would to-day be partly ruin ed and partly the prey of private showmen were it not for the act which set it apart for public purposes forev er. An act as trifling may now secure a forest reserve and establish a pre cedent for like in the future. The district included in Montana is emi nently adapted for this purpose. It is mountaneous, and therefore unfit for the ordinary operations of agricul ture. It is now practically uninhab ited, and no rights will be disturbed. It lies near the source of several great rivers, and may help to keep constant their water supply. If, as provided by the act, no one is permitted under heavy penalties to live, hunt or lum ber there, nature would have one lit tle tract in all our portion of the con tinent to call her own. A similar rule might be followed profitably in many instances where Indian reservations are opened to settlement. If, when these embrace suitable tracts, a por tion were kept as a forest reserve something could be done in practical aid of the cause of forestry. We earn estly hope that this may prove to be somebody's business, that the bill of Senator Edmunds may become a law, and that it may be but the prototype of many to follow, which shall secure to all time for forestry purposes some small part of the public domain yet remaining unappropriated, and adapted more perfectly to this admir able use than to any other. T.IE BIG HOLE PLACERS. Town Talk: M. L. Pratt, one of the Big Hole placer claimants, has been in town during a few days past. He speaks very confidently about the mines, and says that over $1 per pan is no unusual result of prospecting. His claim is on :Gibbon's battle field, and the placer area is quite large. He says that no one should come there this winter, as they can do no work whatever, and those who might expect to depend on the camp for a living through the cold weather would inev itably suffer. THE STAGE DRIVER. While we lavish our sympathy upon those who suffer in parson and purse from the pitiless attacks of the wind, the wave and the rain, we think the stage driver should come in for a share. He must start at the time, re gardless of the weather and must not cease his endeavor to get the mail and passengers through on time if possi ble, although to do so he must encoun ter pitchy darkness, deep mud, pelt ing rain, sweeping blasts of wind and dangerous washouts. To him day and night are the same-it is only go ahead till he reaches the end of his drive and then turn around and go back. We fret if the mail be delayed but the one who has real cause to fret is the driver, who is himself delayed by the almost insurm.mntably diffi culties through which he is obliged to force his way. Give the stage driver a friendly greeting.-Ex. THE CATTLE BUSINESS. Says W. A. Paxton, a cattle king, in the Chicago Inter-Ocean: "The cat tle business is on such a basis now that a man must have money as well as luck to do well in it. In other words, it has passed under the con trol of big companies, and there is at present but one owner where a few years ago there were forty. Last year was a bad one on account of the de preciation m prices, but 1Inow believe that we have reached bottom, andithat the reaction will soon be felt Atleast Ihave been playing in that way. I have bouwht over 4d am e in three herds, on the strength of my opinion. It may happen that I have gone in a year too soon, but I feel that I have got in in time to take advantage of the rise next year. English cattle men, I should judge, are not of my opinion. Anyway, they have not been investing much money in our country this year, but that is where they have made a mistake. BOOMING NEIHART. LeRoy Leavett, a resident of Nei hart, is in town visiting friends and transacting business. He says Nei hart has excellent prospects and will be an excellent camp. A company of which the Toole Brother of Helena, are the leading members, offer a bond for $80,000, $10,000 of which is to be paid in cash, for one of the leads, and the owner is still considering the proposition.--Town Talk. A DESEIRTED) VILLAGE. A strange story is told of the dis covery in British Columbia, 500 miles north of the Little Dalles, of a desert ed town. There are twenty-six stores, some of them containing goods, two saloons, one of which contained two billiard tables, and a postoffice con taining letters dated 1856. But there was no human being in the neighbor hood. Old miners say that the story has foundation, though probably ex aggerated. About 1855 gold diggings were discovered in that locality,jand a considerable town sprang up, only to be abandoned when the placers play ed out and a new Eldorado was found and caused a stampede. A PIONEER. Dr. Hunter, the discoverer of Hun ter's Hot springs in Montana, says the Pioneer Press, who during his early residence on the frontier had many encounters with the Indians, said, while in St. Paul recently, refer ring to these encounters, that he would not mind fighting the Indians if they would only keep quiet. They scared a white man half to death, he said, by uttering the most unearthly yells all the while they were engaged in the attack. There bullets were generally harmless, as they were not provided with the best of rifles for long range, but their shouts unnerved the white forces so that their shots were not as effective as would be the case under ordinary circumstances. He said you could always tell when the Indians had enough fighting, as they would give their lungs and voice a recess. When the Indians become quiet an experienced frontiersman knew that the attack was over and that the In dians were prepari g to retreat. South Carolina negroes are emi ;rating to Arkansas because of the poor crops and high rents. George Francis Train thinks that it is a singular commentary on the Drient when he has to go to the Dccident, three thousand miles away, to print a book that everybody is inquiring for. The independent nailers and feeders ,f the Ohio valley, including all work nen at manufacturers' 17 cents scale, )rganized a national lodge at Wheel ng. Branches are expected to be established at Chicago, Terre Haute md elsewhere as fast as mills begin work. Nearly two hundred new laws were enacted by the last South Carolina Legislature. The law exempting Eactories from taxation for a term of ten years was repealed. An effort to re-establish the whipping post and n attempt to re-enact the divorce Law proved unsuccessful. Governor Hill in his message to the legislature, it is said, will call atten Lion to the vast increase in the state's 3xpenditures since 1880. Nearly all Af the state,s great income of $1;600, )00 yearly from the corperation tax Law; which was passed in 1880, has been swallowed up by those new ex penses. A Kentuckian recently unearthed a huge swindle in Havanah, by which scores of confiding Americans have peen inveigled into paying out mon ey to some sharpers who pretended they had buried several hundred thousand dollars in the ground near New York, and were willing to divide the money. It is understood that Senator Payne will oppose the confirmation of Judge Stallo, nominated minister to italy. Judge Stalb isopposed also by the eligious element. who afrm that he aparticular religions belief. As re igionentered into, the rejection of B'eit will probably paysome GREAT FALLS TPIBUNE. ADVERTISING RATIMS. Iweek... $2.1S 3.3 4 $ 6.'$ 9. 4$ 12. Smonth. 5. 6. 7. 10 15. I 5. I months 7. . 10. 15. 0. B months 9. 10.1 15. 30. 15. 110. 1 year.... it. 15. 25. I . 0. 10. Business notices in reading matter, 25 cents er line. Business notices 15 cents per line for first in rtion, and 10 cents per line for each subsequent asertion of same matter. NEWSOF THE WORLD. The Indiana Republican state con vention will meet Feb. 11 Dorlin F. Clapp for thirty years treasurer of Peekskill, N. Y. died Thursday. The consumption of anthracite coal has been larger this year than ever before. A site has been selected at Albany, N. Y. for a magnificent union Jewish temple. A fire in the rag warehouse of Philip Jacobs & Son, St. Louis, caus ed a loss of $23,000. The Brown woolen mill at Occum, Conn. was burned. Loss, $40,000; insurance, $30,000. A certain Scotch firm. through their agent at Boston, has been fined ;1,500 for undervaluing goods. Frank Quinn, who was nearly one hundred years of age, burned to death in his house at Lewiston, Me. John H. Lester, a member of the Wall street firm of J. B. Colgate & Co., died in a hack of heart disease. Thomas H. Hill, for ten years past a member of the Woburn, Mass., board ,f selectmen, was bound over for for -ery. The wagon manufacturers at Hom ar, N. Y., have ordered their employ as to give up the Knights of Labor ,r quit work. D. M. Graham, a prominent manu facturer of Pulaski, Tenn., commit Led suicide on the cars near the place ly shooting himself. W. C. McCray of Terra Haute, has a little old-style flat-iron with which his great grandmother used to iron Washingtons frilled shirts. All members of the Democratic flub at Canton, Ohio, who had a hand n hanging out an effigy of Senator Payne, are to be expelled. The reduction of wages in the ship ,uilding industry in England during ,he past two years aggregate from L7, per cent to 45 per cent. Rev. Daniel James Noyes, D. D. -ho for nearly half a century was ne of the most valuable instructers n Dartmouth college, died last Thursday. A Mennonite preacher at Reading ?a., is a strong advocate of faith cure ,nd is making many converts and oaptising them in the river. John Gourlay, of the "Slkipped by he Light of the Moon" company, re 'ently thrashed Mr. Dalziel, editor of he Chicago News Letter, for an ittack on the company. The first case of cremation was per ormed yesterday at the crematory of he Buffalo Cremation society. The tame of the deceased was withheld or private reasons. Fire at Artesia, Miss., destroyed very store in the place. The insur nce is nominal, and is all in New )rleans companies, except $2,250 in he Phoenix of Hartford. Loss $22, 100. A man giving the name of Morn on, and claiming to be from Guelph, )nt., claims to have been robbed of 3,700 at Detroit Mich. Jack Cum nings was arrested charged with the obbery. Gen. George C. Burling, a well :nown official of the Pennsylvania ailroad, died at Philadelphia. He erved all through the war and was >reveted brigadier geeeral for bra rery at Gettysburg. James McDade, the owner of the D00-acre tract on which oil was bis overed at Kane, Pa,, sold the same or $95,000. Thomas Griffiths, the tdjoining tract, has realized about )100,000 out of his land. William E. Corry,.who for .twenty tears has lived a hermit's life in the woods near Brown's Mills, N. J., died 'huraday. He was a man of more han orbinary intelligence, and was ed to adopt that life by domestic nfelicity. In a short time, it is said, the lead ng downtown wholesale houses.ain few York, many of which now close t 3 or 4 o'clock on .Saturdays, will lose at 1. There is also strong feel ng in favor of the movement among he publishing houses. Mayor Grace ordered that the dog ound shall be opened today, and hus given his sanetion t tthe pop Clar notion that dogs are' going mad a December. -Dog fanciers and iwners of valnabile hunting dg loubt whether dogs are raly dying f rabies. Two victims of Franklin urane, breo sident o hehohaire ounty, (N. Y) national bank, inter lewed him at Hamilton, OQ* &, n omsa` ofther fruds Crezý I the Aid'woul giveup utat g