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SUBSCRIPTION RATES. On eeopy i yoar, (in advan3) ........... . $2.. On. copy 6 m onth, ........................... .'. On copy 3 months........................ . ..U; 8psciman copies, ....................... . 10 Striczly in adirsce. The tii alation of the TRanInNe in Nrthorn Montana is guaranteed to exceed that of any pa per priblished in the territory. Address al'communications to the "TRIBUNE. t rEATr FALLS, MONT. Patronize Home hdOustry! IThe CATARACT ROLLER LL .Is Making the Folow~iig Bran ,s: X x X X x X X Y X "STRAIGHT." Silver -:- Leaf." Protect Your Plropey Against Fire! BY PURCHASING -a li-Gena Firc The best Hand-Grenade Fire Extinguisheir ever produced. Reliable, sim ple, economical: will not freeze or burst. Resists the action of all climates; will not deteriorate with age. EXTINGUISH!ES FIRES INSTANTLY. Easily broken. can be used by any one. The li nid contained in it is abso lutely harmless to the flesh and fabric. Everytuiag it touches becomes fire proof, for whatever it falls~upon will not burn. We do not claim to extin tinguish conflagration, or usurp the place occupied by the Fire Departmeat, but we emphatically hold that no incipient fire can live where the HAY WARD HAND-GRENADES are used as directed, anl thus conflagrations or disastrous fires are preventedi. BE CAt'TIOUl S AND DO NOT PUR CHASE WORTHLESS AND FRAUDUFLENT IMITATIONS. Send for full particulars and one of new pamphlets clna inining proof0: of the wonder ful efficiency of our Grenades in ex:tinyuish.i,: n.atual fires.- No IPrivate Residence, Hotel, Public I3Uilding or Mian .fa.tory shvonhtd ie without thoir protection. Address, Geo. D. Budi,,ton, T erritory A"-t., C ELEAT FA ýýLLS, Mr ONT. GRAND Ft. Benton, Montana. STRICTLY FIRST CLASS HOTEL. Government Telegraph Office in Hotel. Special Rates to Families and Others by the Week or Month. FURNISHED ROOMS To Rent, With or Without Board. HUNSBERGER & CO., ECLI PSE G-reat Falls, Montatna Hamilton & Eaon , - Proprietor Corral and Best of Accommodations for Feed Animals. Broken and Unbroken Horses For Sale. NEW STORE! Dunlap & Arthur,. ---.DEALERS IN Groceries, Provisions, Hardiare Steel Nails, Etc. A Share of Your Patronage Solicited. Groat Falls, - - - Montana PIONEER HOTEL -reat 'Palls, "LoxVot Best Table and Most Comfortable Rooms of any Hotel in Great Falls. C1-h~ res REseasonabEle Walker & Carter, - - - Proms Dexter's Ferry Across the Missouri River above Sun river IS NOW RUNNING. W. O. DEXTER, Prop. SIEATi F ALLS3 1 ID UIE. VOL, i, GREAT FALLS, MONTANA TERRITORY, SATURDAY, FERBUARY 13, 1886, NO, 40 THE MORMON QUESTION, WRITTEN FOR THI TRILUNB. So long as the Territorial and'iocal government remain as at present, ex clusively in the power of the Mormon church authorities, the public peace will be in a state of menace. The re cent exhibition of mob violence in Salt Lake City which necessitated a call on the war department for troops by the U. S. authorities in Utah to sustain the common law of the coun try, is most suggestive of the state of affairs in the land of polygamy. The Mormon leaders have been heretofore credited with much craft, cunning and hypocrasy; where has it all gone? In defying the National authority, in attempting to take the law into their own hands they have placed themselves outside the pale of sympathy, a consideration, other than the outraged majesty of the law may give them for trampling upon it. The Mormon authorities are now getting food for reflection, they will be forced to understand that violation of the law is punishable in Utah, as in the States and Territories of the Union, and that what is a penitentiary of fense throughout ,the Union will no longer be tolerated with impunity, or condoned in Utah. Bishop Sharpe has already shown them a proper con ception of the duties of the citizen, in submitting to the law and renovating the institution of polygamy. The whole truth in the matter is. power has rested in the church rulers to an imperial degree, prudence and common sense alike would demolish even the twelve Apostles; that. defiance open and aggressive to the people of the U. S. must cease;that a line must be drawn somewhere sometime; that the twin relic ih about to be punished; that it has been a foul blotch on free Ame necan institutions, and must go where the "woodbine twineth, "and the soon er the better for all concerned. The peo p!le of the United States has shown the utmost moderation in permitting MIorm nism as an institution to exist at all. Thinking all along, and think ing in vain that time would do away with this local debasement, and per haps that the common sense of the many among the Mormon peop)le would evadicate the cancer of polyga my from out their midst. It is a sad commentary on the civilization of our time that in this Nineteenth Century, there should exist a people in any section of this country, so entirely morally debased, so full of the igno rance, bigotry and superstition of the darkest period of the middle ages, as are to be found in Utah. From the time that ill educated, hypocritic Joseph Smith, formed a partnership with Sid ney Rigdon to compile the bookof Mor mon, to the present period, people are found to believe in the saintly divini ty of the Apostles, Bishops and Eld ers, a combination of greed, deceit, avarice and hypocrisy, almost without parallel in ancient or modern history. I have heard it asserted by many of the brethren in Utah that the plates from which the book of Mor monism is compiled, was show to Joe Smith by an Angel of the Lord, and that no eye should look upon them except those of this self-styled, self made prophet of the church of the latter day saints: And, with this and with this and such assertions, are blended a woman's curiosity, going to show that Rigdon's wife wanted to know what Smith and her husband were about but without avail. Every night so seems the mythological yarn, Joe Smith when the days inscriptions and interpertations were concluded in obedience to the mandate of the An gel of the Lord, buried the plates out of sight so that no human eye should behold them. But Mrs. Ridney Rig don cautiously watched Joe to see where he hid the plates, which was near a large tree. Finding opportu nity she proceeded to the "tree" to in vestigate the secret, when lo! and be hold two large LioNS were at the place defending the sacred plates-all brass every bit of it. Now when you find a people, young and old (the leaders ex cepted) believeing such trash as that, believing that there is amongst them individuals who are favored by noc turnal visits from the Angels of the Lord, and empowered to perform mir acles, the miraclists being at the same time the biggest profligates, liars, and vagabonds beneath the broad blue canopy of heaven. It may well be asked what can leg islation do, however remedial, useful or beneficial in such places as Utah? The Edmunds' bill may do much to guard against outrages and suppress crime, but no code of laws can or will make a people moral or virtuous. Examples are contagious and the low stupid, blunted sensibilites of the Mormons are incited to follow in the footsteps of the numerous councilors of the church in Utah. We have in the United States Mis sion and Evangelizing boards without number. Millions of dollars are con tributed annually to propagate the gospel to the heathen. It is not nec essary to go abroad to seek him, he is at our door and no effort made to in struct, reclaim or regenerate him. Dr. McWilliam of Deer Lodge Institute, representing the Presbyterian board, done good work in pas of Utah by establishing schools, a teaching the Mormons himself in se l and church -opposition, threats and menace were used to intimida him, but be heM the "fort" againg 'errible odds and could no doubt give a very inter esting account of his missionary labors. The birth of Mormonism took place under the manipulations of Smith and Rigdon, and advanced to its highest pitch of power under Brigham Young. Distance lends en chautment to the view, and most cer tainly distance lent largely to Brig ham, investing him with sublime qualities, natural endowments and ex traordinary administrature abilities, which would bear considerable pair ing down. I am inclined to think that audacity, experience and a vast amount of cheek were the weapons that gave Brigham Young such pow or over the Mormons as a people. In many respects he was inferior to Or son, Pratt or John Taylor, but over shadowed them in being the recog nized head of the Mormon church and civil Governor of Utah, under Buchanan's administration. It was perhaps in the latter capacity that he showed to greatest advantage in the eyes of the Mormon people, for pow er and patronage remained at his dis posal to distribute to his followers. Brigham's policy was to exclude the Gentiles, or according to his saintly harangue in the Tabernacle, "to send them to hell across lots" and this great christian sain, chief of the twelve Apostles, prophet, seer and re vealor in the church of Latter Day Saints, was not above suspicion in con niving at if rinot encouraging the put ting out of the way onleoxious indi viduals, by the hands of the "Aveng er;" and destroying Angels- --a typical band of assasins. The trial of John D. Lee, Bishop of the Mormon church at Salt Lake City for inciting the In dians, and for participation in the Mountain Meadow Massacre, develop ed the fact that Brigham Young was an accessory before and after that massacre, according to Lee's testimo ny. There is no denial of this, nor can there be for if Lee was the insti gator and participator in a massacre of innocent people, men, women and children, (the rehearsal of which is enough to cause the blood to run cold) and Young was entirely ignorant before the atrocious deed was committed, he was quickly informed thereof, and instead of punishing Lee or bringing him to justice, he show ered place and position upon him, making him a probate judge, and giv ing him the privilege of taking unto himself twenty-six wives-the latter considered a very great honor among the Mormons. The reader will un derstand the whole gist of this mat ter better when bearing in mind that Brigham Young was governor of Utah, and bound to execute the law, but instead discourage inquiry or in vestigation. There was no railroad in those days and communication in consequence, very slow, hence it was that a consid erable time elapsed before the mur der of the emigrants became known to the government; and when it was known and commissioners sent out from Washington to inquire into and investigate the massacre, Brigham and his followers, those connected with the horrible deed, placed iton to the Indians very conveniently, and so it remained until the free element the miners, prospectors and workers, came rushing into Utah from the states, and in due time became in full and true information of how the emi grants were murdered at Mountain Meadows. It affords no pleasure to recite the tragic manner in which Bishop John D. Lee and his confederates done their ghastly work; surpassing in bar barity anything done by the Indians on desert or plain. But it is a matter of history, and any church denomina or individuals, participating in or sanctioning such infamous develtry, ought to be expelled from the United States, or sent to hell across lots with vengeance. In this connection it will not be forgotten by a good many, that the U. S. District Attorney for Utah was remiss in his duty in not arraign ing and bringing Brigham Young to justice. But a cause was assigned for it, that Brigham had money plenty, and on such occasions could place it where it would do the most good. One thing certain isass d in a position to kno Howard was a richer man by $50,000 or $60,000, leaving Salt Lake City than when he came there. On the other hand it may be considered that great difficulty existed in getting tes timony, as no witnesses would appear against Brigham Young. Besides it was impossible to get a conviction in Lee's case without the connivance of Brigham Young, and hence a compro mise was entered into. Be that as it may, Lee was thrown over by the Church and Saints, of which he was ornamental and exemplary, and jus tice, slow but sure, was avenged by his execution. There can be but little doubt but that Brigham Young found at this time, the sceptre of power and authority, departing from him. The execution of Lee impressed him with impending fear. The railroad he could not de stroy. The Gentiles could not be kept out. There were besides, too many apostate Mormons; of all, these were the enemies most to be dreaded; they knew all about the Endowment, Aven gers and Destroying Angels. Times were not as they used to be in Utah, had they been, six feet of soil would entomb every apostate opposing "tithing" or the will of the rulers in Israel, which is Salt Sake City. But there was still a strand of the old rope left; that strand was polygomy. The more men and women drawn into the vortex of guilt, the more supporters were to be reckoned upon; as all such were living in open defiance of the United States, and must of necessity sustain Brigham Young. It was the boast of the prophet, seer and revela tor of Utah that he could have any law passed by a Mormon legislature, sanctioned by congress. Money was an important factor, and no man understood better than Brigham Young the force of addition, division and silence. It must be that the followers of the prophet are not so cute as he was, or probably the fault is with the tith ing returns. Or it may be that the United States officials are more hon est, and more diligent in the line of duty. It would be a part of wisdom on the part of the Church leaders to disavow polygamy and throw the vile thing into the Great Salt lake. Tell the unthinking multitude what the President of the United States thinks about it. He says: "There is no future for it, or the system that sanctions it, which is not opposed to all that is of value in our institutions. There should be no re laxation in the execution of the law now in operation, and I will gladly approve of further discreet legislation which will rid the country of this blot upon its fair fame." As already shown, Bishop Sharpe, one of the cleverest men in the Mor mon church, has gone back on polyg amy. He will not remain in a defiant attitude towards the United States. The law he says is too strong for him and he bows in submissisn to its strength and justice. It would be well for all the Mormons to follow his ex ample, and abjure this twin relic of barbarism. The Edmunds Bill, how ever stringent, does not apply to the majority of people in Utah who dis countenance polygamy. They can be Saints as long as they like, and be lieve in Brigham or Joseph, or both, but they must not sin against the law. it was enacted to be enforced wherev er it became necessary, and it is past denial that the laws have not been respected or enforced in Utah, as they have been throughout the .ountry. The Mormon rulers in Utah are more potent than the President of the United States. They possess a listinct and separate government. rhe legislature is composed entirely if Mormons; also the local govern ment, police and county officials. They issue their own paper money; .ood only in the section where it eminates. Some of this money is good n the stores and some is not. There in 'shingle" money, which will purchase hingles and nothing else. So with store" money to purchase dry goods md groceries, and "leather" money to purchase leather. Outside of Salt Lake City and the nining towns, no one outside of the Jhurch can go into business, because ;he money circulated will not pass in my other place, and besides, dealings with the Gentiles is strictly prohibit d, except by the leaders. Freedom )f speech does not exist, and of what s going on in the world outside of Utah, the masses are stupidly igno -ant, and ignorantly indifferent. J. A Squaw Taks a Bath. At a late hourAast night the Indi ins now camped near the river were alled upon to howl over the narrow escape from drowning of one of their -oy and demure brunettes. Several iquaws were prowling about on the river in the hope of finding some ar ticle of clothing or valuable imple ment, which might be left on th'e ice by the men now engaged in cutting the frigid material. A splash, an ag onizing Ki-yi anid! a chorus of discor dant wails aroused the slumbering bucks, who rushad to the rescue. The squaw who dropped into the chilly waters was loaded down with heavy blankets and it was with the utmost difficulty that she was saved. Just as she was reached by one of her associ ates she was disappearing beneath the ice, but her long and flowing tresses served as a preserver. The unfortunate being was nearly dead when taken back to camp.-Bismarck Tribune. Chinese New Year. The custom of celebrating their New Year has been kept up by the Chinese in this country since their advent, and for two weeks from the 2nd of February of each year the time is devoted to mutual entertain ments and congratulations, and is ob served as a general holiday by the ce lestials. The better class of the Chi nose issue little slips of red paper, on which is printed in Chinese charact ers an invitation to call at his home or place of business and partake of his hospitality. These invitations are sent to friends and acquaintances, and mutual calls are made and general good feeling prevails. On the tables may be seen all kinds of meats, Chi nese candies, bottles of Chinese whisky and gin, cigars and cigarettes. The custom, when at first observed by the Chinese in San Francisco; wasim posed upon the lower classes of the white element, who entered every "open house" in the Chinese quarter, and not only helped themselves to whatever they desired at the time, but filled their pockets with cigars and cigarettes. At present persons wish ing to see the sights in the Chinese quarter at New Year's are escorted around under charge of a police offi cer, and many ladies and gentlemen take advantage of this to satiefy their curiosity to see how the heathens live and enjoy themselves.-Town Talk. A Curiosity. AnNevada exchange says that away down in the southwest of Nevada there is a remarkable cave in the side of the mountains. Near by a little rill of water pours down the slope, soon to be swallowed up by the thirsty soil. The broken-off shafts of arrows are to be seen sticking in the soft rock that constituted the roof of the cathe dral-like dome. It is said that many years ago a party of the race of Sho shones were driven into this cave by their hereditary enamies the Piutes. Their defense was so stubborn that the Utes proposed a peace, and in this cave the council was called, and the peace made was to last so long as a single arrow remained imbeded in the rock overhead. One by one the lore of Indian tradition is folded up and steals on moccasin tread into the realms of shade. His canoe is disap pearing from our lakes. In the fast ness of Arizona he utters now his last red and lurid protest. Who can wit ness the passing away of the only real American race without an emotion of of pity for their fate. No Rest for Chinamen in Alaska. On the 15th ult. the mining town of Juneau, Alaska, was startled by a ter rific explosion about 5 o'clock in the morning, when everybody was asleep. Everybody rushed to find the occasion of it. On investigation it was- found that somebody had put a large case of dynamite under a house occupied by a half-dozen Chinamen. The explo sion was so great that it completely destroyed one side of the house but fortunately it did not hurt any of the Chinamen. The explosion was so heavy that it did a great amount of damage to several stores in the neighborhood and especially to some drug stores that were in the same block. On the following day the citizens held a meeting and raised a sum of $1,500 as a reward for the arreat and conviction of the parties who caused the explo sion, but to the present have not been able to find the guilty ones, and if they had been found, with the feeling there was in Juneau, there is no doubt they would have been lynmched by the citizens. Over the Range. Charles C. Conley, well known to Mfontana and Dakota cow men, died recently at Hot Springs, Ark. He had formerly been an inspector for the Wyoming stock association and of late years worked for the Hash knife and EG outfits, He leavcs a widow in the Black Hills. Uncle Sam's Debts. According to the statement issate by the treasury department, the prin cipal and interest on the public debt amounnted to $1,20 , 08l 42, Feb 1.. GREAT FALLS TRIBUNE. ADVERTIBI.G RATSZ. I. d-*te a'I . g tweek... $ 2. $ .4$ t. jS 6.$ 9.1$ 12. 3months 7. 8. 10. 1 0. 6 months !. 10. 15, 30. U5. 110. I year.... 1. 1 i. .I 1. I D.4 100. 200. Business notices in reading matter. 25 cents er line. Business notices 15 cents per line for first in osrtion, and 10 cents per line for each subsequent insertion of same matter. MELANGE. Col. Nelson of Indiana, tell the Pi oneer Press that "if Senator Voorhees stands by R. C. Pollard he will be confirmed judge of the first judicial district of Montana, notwithstanding the warfare being waged against him. Still, Senator Harrison will make a strong fight against Gen. John Co burn's successor." The Glendive Times says the late glove fiasco in that place was a one sided affair from the start, and that it is well for one of the bruisers that it ended as itAid. The Sun's Washington special says: The disposition to help the Red man along by liberal legisletion in the path towards self-support and citizenship is growing very strong. Nearly all the general and comprehensive Indian bills in the present Congress aim to assign lands in severalty and to empower the Government to buy the surplus lands of the Indians at a generous price and to invest the pro ceeds so that the various tribes will have a large annual income from this source. Captain Paul Boynton is selling his large collection of trophies, pre paratory to an exploration of Lake Titicaca, in Peru, which is said to be the home of the decendants of the Incas, and on the island of which it is believed the ancient temple still stands, filled with golden vessels. The captain believes that the lake is the true source of the Amazon, although it is 1,000 miles from what is now considered head waters of that river. Seven editors are members of the present house of representatives. They are Boulette, of Maine; Burks dale ,of Mississippi; Haynes of New Hampshire; Pulitzer and Merriman, of New York, and Scranton and Swope, of Pennsylvania. It is understood that there is con siderable opposition to the confirma tion to Mr. Beecher, who was appoint ed collector of customs at Port Town send, Oregon, simply as a reward for the political services rendered during the last Presidential campaign by his father-the Rev. Henry Ward Beech er. Mr. Beecher was formerly a pur sur on one of the steamers runningon the Pacific Coast, and the reputation he acquired in that occupation ap pears to have been such that both democrats and republicans are now opposing his confimation. It Was Not From Montana. In St. Paul, a Swede named John Hanson choked to death with a piece of meat that he was trying to swalt low. Can be Accommodated. We believe that Mr. May, who has been on the Northwest Cattle compa ny's ranch, intends to start for him self and is going down to Montana to buy stock.-Calgary (Alb.) Herald. Coming, Yes, Coming. The time when in gentle spring time twilight the horned toad sings his sweetest lullaby, is nigh. The time when the 'whangdoodle' and toad will sit in the eve and tune their jewsharps to the music of a spring zephyr, is nigh. In other words, spring, gentle spring, is nigh, gentle Anni. Rather Tame. The great Grit authority on the Northwest has the following to say regarding the rebel Indians in Stony Mountain: "Big Bear is learning to be a carpenter. He plies his saw and hammer with great steadiness, and it would be hard to read in his deep, black eyes the longing for the wide plain, the swift shaganappies and the trusty rifle." Roosevelt on Cow Boys and Indians. In a recent lecture in New York Theodore Roosevelt gave additional evidence of his admiration for the cow boy and his contempt for the Indian. Eere is an extract: "I suppose I should be ashamed to say that I take the western view of the Indian. I Ion't go so far as to think that the only good Indians are the dead In dians, but I believe nine out of every ben are, and I shouldn't like to in quire too closely into- the case of the tenth. The most vicious cow boy has more moral principaL than the" aver ige Indian. Turn 300low families of New York into Ne* JeThey, support them for fifty years in vicious idleness nd you will have some idea of what bhe Indians are,. Reakless, revenge fbl, fiendishly eral, they rob. and murder, not the oew boys, who can take care of themselves, but the de lenceless, lone settlers o the plainsa hs for the soldiers ;i Indian chief mOo asked Sheridan a cannon. What! do .on wan til. my soldi rs with it"3 arske the genera: =ma,' repliedthe e'dif; 'want to kill cow boy; kll eoldir e with -elbt'