Newspaper Page Text
GREAT FALLS Tj;IBUNE.
SUBSCRIPTION RATES. On *copy 1 year, (in advance) ............... P.i Onecopy 6 monthse...... ........ .......... 1.. 7) One copy 3 months........................... Lt. Spsciman copies, ................... ... 10 Strictly in advance. The tip ulation of the TRIBUNCNin Northern Montana is guaranteed to exceed that of any pa per published in the territory. Addr.e INallcoo GtoaA ,.to tLLe , VOL, 1. GREAT FALLS, MONTANA TERRITORY, SATURDAY, FERBUARY 27, I886. NO. 42 . . . .. . . . . .. . .. . . . ..U,. . . . . . . .. . . .. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .. . . . . . . . . . . . . .... . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Patronize Home industry! The CATARACT ROLLER MILL Is Ma1ing the followinflBrnrls: X X X X XXXX XX - DIAMOND -X X X XX X X X X "STRAIGHT." ,,COLD oUST 1 "Silver -:- Leaf." Protect Your Properly Aainst Fire! BY PURICHASING -HaywH GlaO-Grae- Fire The best Hand-Grenade Fire Extinguisher ever produced. Reliable, sim ple,'economical: will not freeze or burst. Resists the action of all climates; will not deteriorate with age. EXTINGUISHES FIRES INSTANTLY Easily broken, can be used by any one. The liquid contained in it is abso lutely harmless to the flesh and fabric. Everything it touches becomes fire proof, for whatever it falls upon will not burn. We do not claim to extin tinguish conflagration, or usurp the place occupied by the Fire Department, but we emphatically hold that no incipient fire can live where the HAY WARD HAND-GRENADES are used rs directed, and thus conflagrations or disastrous fires are prevented. BE CAUTIOUS AND DO NOT PFUR CHASE WORTHLESS AND FRAUDUILENT IMITATIONS. Send for i full particulars and one of new pamlph!ets contining proofs of the wonder ful efficiency of our Grenades in extinguishing actual fires.--No Private Residence; Hotel, Public Building or Msnufactory should be without their protection. Address, Geo. D. Budingrton, Territory Ag't., -1 CRtZEATM FAS L, MON'T. GRAND UNION HOTEL, -Ft. Benton, Montana. `; STRICTLY FIIiST CIASS HOTEL. Govern ment'Telegraph Office in Hotel. Special Rates to Families and Others by the Week or Month. FURNISHED ROOMS 1 - To Rent, With or Without Board. HUNSBERGER & CO., ECLIPSE Livery, Feef ali Sale Stales, Great Falls, Monitana Hamilton & Eaon, - Proprietor Corral and Best of Accommodations for Feed Animals. Broken and Unbroken Horses For Sale. NEW STORE! Dunlap & Arthur, ----DEALERS IN Groceries, Provisions] Hardwar e, Steel Nails, Etc. A Share of Your Patronage Solicited. Great Falls, - Montana PIONEER HOTEL Grnat FE''alls, 2v"ox t Best Table and Most Comfortable Rooms of any Hotel in Great Falls. C0harges IEeasona'ble Walker & Carter, - - - Prc.s Dexter's Ferry Across the Missouri River above Sun river IS NOW RUNNING. :WM. 9. DE)Tr~I, Prop. CLIMATE OF ALASKA. WRITTEN FOR THE TRIEUtNE. The climate of Alaska in many re spects resemble that of Washington Territory, where it. rains only seven days in the week. The density of the forests in both of those Territories. may account tfor he heavy rainfall. In the spring and fall seasouis in southern Alaska, the rainfall is light but continuous, coming down eternal ly and forming the most hazy, misty. murky, cloudy and foggy of all atmos pheres. In the winter rain and snow seems to have entered into an agree ment, as both decend together, getting well mixed up, forming slush in the streets in such a way as to make trav eling disagreeable. In course of time side walks were completed, and elean ted enough from the streets to afford being kept dry and clean. During the winter months in Alaska the sun has got some hiding place and can not be seen. From this, however, it must not be inferred as existing the six months days and nights of the Esquimaux region. All winter is bright enough and clear enough to perform out door work from 8 a. m. until 3 or 4 p. m. This fact is potent to any one having any knowledge of the Territory or ever been there. Notwithstanding this, reports have been pullished about the great ice field, and the con tinual six months days and nights of those latitudes. I have seen such re ports furnished by an assistant surgeon of the army, stationed for a time at Sitka, Alaska. In extenuation of such an immense draw on the imiagration faculty it must be said the doctor was a young man, inexperienced in the world's ways, unused to travel munch away from home, and therefore in need of friendly sympathy on account of loneliness. wtant of comforts, and so far away from ever'y joy, accounts of such a nature given to random, and without any forethought or reflection are calcu!ated to mislead and do not deserve publicity or attention. The snow fall at Sitka varies from four to eight inches on the level, sel dom remaining on the ground for any length of time, and very often melt ing as it falls. The mountain ranges are wrapped in perpetual snow from pre-historic ages. It has been affirm ed by the old residents in employ of the Russian American fur company, that some thirty years ago the snow fall on the streets in the town of Sitka, reached the depth of fifteen to twenty feet creating a constant requisi tion for the shovel,.in order to make a i passage way from house to house. 'nere is no Intense cold in s5outh ern Alaska. no cold weather at all in comparison to what prevails inl the states and territories of the great Northwest. The softening of climate in such high latih,tle-. are attri.nted.l to the warm wind- we vle-,' inc Montana throughut the wi .ter months, and to the shelter ,f the mountain ranges and the fore-ts. In the more northern portion of the country the winds are more severe as at Kdiak and Kenay. Near the latter place grass is most abundant, and grass to a height of six feet. Some such consideration as grass and hay in abundance weighed with Li"out. Schwatka, when resigning his commis sion in order to go in with capitalists in the business of stock raising on a large scale. The knowledge derived from three years experience exploring in Alaska, has familiarized Lieut. Schwatka with the many advantages presented for stock raising, and other varied resources. It is very possible that a portion of that vast Territory may be converted into agricultural settlements; cereals of all kinds have been grown already-so far back as seventeen years ago, potatoes, onions, cabbage, lettuce, carrots and parsnips were raised on the islands by the sol diers, the yield was excellent and abundant. The Indians have been in the habit of raising potatoes from time immemorial, and disposing of them in the markets. Some of the Russians have raised as fine a crop of potatoes as could be seen anywhere, and culti vation has been carried on in rather a crude way. It is within the range of possibility that grain crops with prop er cultivation and care can be brought to mature. The months of April, May, June, July and August give the very best kind of weather, the four last named show the most agreeable cli mate and temperature in the world. The days are rather long, but are warm, clear and full of sunshine. The sun riseq between 2 and 3 a. m., and appears behind the mountains be tween 8 and 9 p. m.. The soldiers found reveille and tattoo at Varianse, with previous experience, the -calls, however,'were sounded, the boys in blue turned out to answer rdll call, to turn in again. The attention oft the Division Uminmandet, at San Francis co being called to the subject a change was made to conform to the general usages of the service. During the summer months the nights are very short; on those fine nights one can read out doors at 11 o'clock, after that a good smoke, and look to the east the skies are red presaging the coming Here is to be seenn in all their glory and grandeur the Northern Lights, the most magnificant spectacle the human eye can gaze upon or the mind dwell. Beholding the aurora bore alis in other sections -. but a poor in dication of the brilliancy and length ness exhibited in Alaskan latitudes In the summer time everything is green, the scenery and surroundings grand. The numerous islands dot ting the bays, clad in verdure and cov ered with wild fruit and flowers, the volcanic mountains in the distance the great ranges- -snow capped through the lapse of ages; someine cover ed with timber, some rocky and pre cipitous -and Mt. St. Elias and Fair weather 18,0)00 feet above the level of the sea. On the mountain side (Mt. Davis) and close to the summit, there is a green patch such as would make a good sized park, in the center of which there grows a large, tall pine in the form of a cross. Tradition has it that this tree was planted in its irXes Sent position and grafted in its present shape by a Catholic Missionary Priest many years ago. It can be seen quite plain from the town of Sitka, a distance of six miles, reminding the observer that the pioneer of christianity and civilization preceded Russian discov ery or occupation of Alaska. In referring to the forestF of Alas ka, that able writer Mr. E. V. Smally writes in The Northwest. "Alaska forests contain enough timber to sup ply the world. The forests of pine. spruce, fir and hemlock cover every island of the Archipelego and a goodly portion of the mainiaud. The trees are straight and tall, and grow close together. The only sawmill at pres ent in o.peration is at Douglas Island, and so far there has not been a cord of timber cut for shipment. The trees. as a rule, do not always cut up into good sized board :. For fuel, however, the wood is excellent, and much of it is available for building purposes. There is little decorative wood, although the yellow pine is rickly colored and might be used to advantage in interior work. Alaska spruce is an excellent variety, and of ten measures five feet in diameter. It is considered the best spruce in the world and the supply is very abund ant. In the interior of the country I timber is of much heavier growth[ than on the coast and on the islands. Regarding the hemlock, there is a large supply, and the bark compares favorably with that of all the eastern i rees used in tanning establishments." In "69 the Government established a sawmill at Sitka and turned out excell ent lumber for building purposes. Mr. Seward when in Alaska sent some de corative wood to New York (referred to in a former article) it is, however, useful information imparted through the columns of the TrBUNE to the people of the United States, that a fragment of the public's domain con tains timber sufficient to supply the world, which cannot be said of any other country on God's green foot stool. During the operation of the Government mill at Sitka, there was a corner in coal, and somebody was clearly defrauding Uncle Sam. Coal was delivered at Sitka from Boston at the cost of $26 per ton, on the plea that a particular quality of coal was needed to run that particular sawmill. At the same time Mr. Peck of Nanai mo, B. C., a few days sail from Sitka, was delivering coal at $7 per ton, the coal being of a superior quality. An American citizen living at Sitka, had fitted up a small steamer to ply in shallow water around Sitka, helping to load or unload as the case might be-there was no wharf at the time in the port of Sitka, consequently all in coming vessels came to anchor in the channel, some few hundred yards from the store houses, and all freight taken by lighters from the ship to shore. Such was the condition of af fairs when the cargo of coal arrived, and the citizen here referred to ten dered his steamer to bring the coal to the storehouse, but was not employed. Subsequently M. Rudolph a Jew, got loan from the army Quartermaster of the Government scows, and hired a number of Russians to sack the coal, place it in the scows, row it to the store house and secure it: When the wort was done, as agreed Mr. Ru dolph paid the workers in pieces of pasteebetrd, good only at his own store. The Russians demurred to the kind of currency placed in de.irlation by fr.- Rudolph, `ott there appeared no remedy -they must taike the paste board and trade at his store and get shaved without stint. In the mean time a prominent citizen and a lead ing merchant of the town informed the local paper that the coal contract belonged in its entirety to the Depu ty Collector of customs, and the Jew's allowance was all he could make out of the Russians by extortion. On the other hand, Captain Chaplan and John Peterson came and complained at the newspaper office of the outrage committed on the Russian people in withholding payment for the work performed. As those gentlemen spoke English and honestly represent ed their fellow counutrymen, indigna tion toward Mr. Rudolph became quite natural, as he had the reputa tion of being the biggest rogue out of jail. Messrs Chaplan and Peterson were men of considerable property, they were advised to purchase the script given to the Rnssians, present it in bulk for redemption, and in case of refusal apply to the court for re dress. This advice was adopted and Rudolph came to time and paid the money. How the Government settled ac counts with the smart little man who came out from Washington to be Dep uty Collector of customs in Alaska, was not ascertained. The idea of the people paying 26i a ton for coal when it could be had for $7, caused consid erable local controversy. It is a no ticeable fact, that in remote sections of the country, such as Alaska the worst stamp of officials are to be found. Tha greatest diligence is needed to Irmake all that is possible out of the position held, regardless of right or justice, or the wishes of the people. . . .-- e . ... Tropical Petrification. A conglomerate rock from Austin Bluffs is exhibited at Colorado Springs, Colorado, which bears the impress of a palm leaf originallly over two feet long, but now broken off below the tip. There are many other rocks at Austin bearing impressions of tropical flora. uround Hog Day. The boss weather prognosticator of Wood River says that ground-hog day comes on the 14th day of Febru ary instead of the 2d, as many erron eously claim. He says he kept a pet ground-hog ten years, and he would always crawl out on th 14th; and if it was a clear day, so he could see his shadow, he would go back and h-1 would pop for six weeks among the elements in the way of snow storms, cold snaps and blizzards. Gambling in Oregon. Baker City Tribune: Under the Oregon law a person who loses money at the gaming table is entitled to re cover double the amount, and a Port land party who deposited $125 in a faro bank has recovered judgment for $250. This idea, an exchange thinks, might word well in the suppression of other vices. For instance, if a per son who took a drink at a bar and paid for it should be entitled to go back and demand two more drinks free, the saloons would soon go out of business. Boycotting Chinese at Laramie. At Laramie, Wyo., the Chinese have been ordered boycotted and this is the way the Boomerange puts it: There is mourning among the moon eyed wrestlers of the washtub. for they have heard that a boycott against Chinese laundrymen is about to be in augurated. The patient wearer of the pigtail is perplexed, for he doesn't know whether "boycott" means de capitation or expulsion. In the mean time he continues to mangle shirts and mutilate collars and cuffs in his buttonhole-destroying foundry. Want the Earth. Big Horn Sentinel: There is a foreign corporation whose herds range in .ohnson county that is pressing the scheme of grasping the public domain a little too far. This is one of their old tricks. A man who was in their employ as a cowboy for the period of four years lost his job last summer for refusing to prove up and turn over to this foreign corporation a desirable tract of land, on which he laid claim about the time he entered into the employ of this company. They did not stop here, but wrote let ters to other outfits, requesting that the man they discharged be not given work on account of his refusing to comply with their wishes. Some people want the earth and the full control thereof. The Montana Central. Operations of this companiy re be ing pushecd nith undiminished vigor at all points. C6ntracts already let on the trunk line include grading for the full dis tance of the upper canyon of the Prickly Pear between Johns' and Mitchell's ranches. Enginelis are cross- sectioning and brush cutting is proceeding through the bottoms. The three surveying parties are mak ing rapid progress with preliminary and locating lines through and north the lower canyon. Grading contracts on the Rimini branch have all been awarded. Brush cutting along that part of the line tra versing the Ten Mile is under way. Jurgens & Price have sixty men cutt ing and delivering ties. In all 250 men, including surveying parties, are now in Ihe employ of the company. This forcc will be doubled and threlbb:ed as soon as they can be handled to advantage.--Herald. The Cascade Tunnel. Portland Standard: When Y. G. Bogue, principal assistant engineer of tho Northern Pacific, was in town last Saturday. he was asked by a Standard reporter when work on the Cascade tunnel would be commenced by con tractor Bennett. Mr. Bogue said that the work had practically begun already. Bennett is sending provis ions. camp equipments and supplies of all kinds into the mountains by sleds. Tents and camp houses are being erected as rapidly as possible. and every preparation is being made so as to commence the opening of con struction work by the 1st of April. Work will be commenced on both sides of the tunnel, and 200 or more men will be employed regularly. It is the way generally with contractors in boring a tunnel to sink a shaft midway letween the portals of the tunnel and then commence from this central point to work both ways to wards the openings. In the case with the present tunnel the circumstances are different, as the tunnel is bored through a very high point and the distance in the centre from the surface to the floor of the tunnel is something over 1.000 feet. For this reason work can only be pushed from the two por tals onward. Mr. Bogue said that the contract with Mr. Bennett was a bona fide one, and will be carried out to the letter, as the other contracts with that gentleman have been. A Doubter. The Rural Spirit is of the opinion, says the Herald, that S. S. Huntley, in claiming to have driven a team of "the Montana horse" one hundred miles in less that twenty-four hours, tells a big yarn--in other words, the story is disbelieved. The Rural Spir it is respectfully informed that he can satisfy himself of the endurance of Montana raised horses by stepping out here and taking a hundred mile spin on his own account. We have plenty of native teams left that can travel the distance-100 miles-with in the time stated without distress. However incredulous people of the States m a y b e regarding the recorded performances of Montana roadsters like that related by Mr. Huntley they stand good and remain unquestioned here. Some years ago Neal Howie, U. S. Marshal, on a summer's day, made the distance between Helena and Virginia City- 125 miles-between sun up and sun down. Excepting the intervening mountain divides of Prickly Pear and Boulder, up and down which he eas ed his animal by leaving the saddle, he rode his horse on alternate walk and lope, from point of departure to point of arrival. The time actually consumed in the journey, counting in halts for rest and feed, was fifteen hours and some minutes. In all can dor we say to the Rural Spirit, never attach improbability to a Montana horse story, Crowfoot and Riel A Montreal special says: Crowfoot, tLe celebrated Blackfeet chief, has been telling a government agent how Riel urged him to join in a general Indian war. He asserts that Riel vis ited him in Montana in 1880, saying that he intended to unite the Metis, Crees and Blaekffeet and the Ameri can Sioux under Sitting Bull on the border. At that time Sitting Bull was in bad order in the United States, owing to the Ouster massacre. An in terpeter who was with Crowfoot du ring the interview with Riel eorrol.r ates the story of the Blackfeet chief, and adds that Riel told them that he was backed by influential persons in eastern Canada. Crowfoot complahins that the grass onhis reserve at Black foot Orsiag has been destroyed by fire for two years from sparks froun the Canadian Paoifio loeomotives, and that his laim for comupe.ation has not been settcd at Ottawa. Ofther wise he spaeesto wU atfe with his treatment GREAT FALLS TRIBUN4E. ADVESVTISING RATO$. tweek... IS 2.$ 3-. iS 4.1$ 6I 9.I1 $ 1i i I month. 5.1 6. 7. 1f 15. S months . 8. 10. 15. 3 : 5 S monthsI 9. 10. 15.1 WO.i 55. 1131 1 year,...I 1L I 0.M .0 r Business notices in reading matter, 25 aentt or line. Business notices 15 cents per ini foot Alrt in eartion, and 10 cents per line for each fubsequen insertion of same matter. MELANGE., J. A. Campbell came down from near Custer early in the week. He had received a "greeting" from his excellency President Cleveland, re questing him to be here and explain about some fencing he had on some of our Uncle Samuel's arl' estate: Campbell is a jolly, big hearted, good natured, accommodating gentleman, and he agrees that whenever Grover makes the music he will waltz to it,. and says it will afford him a great. deal of pleasure to roll up his wire and file it away for future reference.' He would advise those who have fences around public lands to tear" them away at once and save expense,. as the Department of the Interior are determined to inforce the President's proclamation and the laws relating to fencing the public domain. By giv ing prompt assurance that his fences. will not be standing after the first of' June, the suit against him has been discontinued, and he will not again bring down the wrath of the govern ment by intruding on its real-estate.-. -Stockgrowers' Journal Col. W. F. Sanders is quoted by a. Pioneer Press reporter as saying: ."I have just returned from Washington, where I find the sentiment for the ad mission of Montana and Dakota very: strong. It is not so much of a parti san question as it has been represent ed, either. It is assumption to claim that there is a compromise with a. political bias at the bottom of the deal.. The question of -population and ma- - terial resources of the territorial ap plicants enter more generally into the • question than has been generally ad mitted. Gov. Hauser and Delegate Toole of Montana, with myself, regard Montana's prospects for statehood as quite promising. Of course Dakota would be admitted at the same time as Montana. As to the pending legis lation as to the forfeiture of the North ern Pacific land grant, I can but say that it is a question for the courts rather than for congress or Commis sioner Sparks to determine. In an interview in the Chicago News, Gov. Pierce of Dak., says: "I had a conference with President Cleve land, and found him very favorably disposed toward Dakota. Instead of. the bulldog, domineering disposition which he has been pictured as having, - I found him, unassuming and ap- proachable, You would have no more . trouble in talking with him than ap proaching anyone with whom you are intimate. He puts you at your ease at once and sits at his table and chats with you quite glibly and pleasantly. He recommended Judge Church, whom he appointed chief justice of the territory, to my attention saying that I would find him a good one. There were probably twenty-fivemen who had been pressing the claims of candidates for the place, but Mr. Cleveland told me the appointee had no papers on file at Washington, and had never sought the place. He had rembered having met Judge Church, and having a conviction that he would be a good man for the position, had appointed him." There is quite a probability that the government will appoint a com mission of officers and locate them here for the purpose of purchasing cavalry horses for that portion of the army stationed in this part of the northwest. There is no place in the country that affords better facilities for the purchase of good strong cav alry horses than Miles City. Arrange ments are already being made to put something like a thousand head of good heavy saddle horses on this mar ket in the spring, and others would be drawn here when it is once know that this is a horse market. Montana is famous for producing the best boned, pest winded and hardiest horses known to the country, and Miles City being in the hear, of the stock raising section of the territory, would be a convniient place for government pur chasers to locate in order that they wight have the pick of a large lot of good horses.-Stockgrowers' Journal. -- --*- - Chinese Burials in 8an Francisco. All Chinamen who die in San Fran cisco must be buried "in abox of suit- • able dimensions made of redwood boards, not less than one inch iq thickness, and lined with sheet lead notless than fivepoundstothesquaro foot, which shall be soldered a licensed pi amber. Such a box shall have a brass vent serew ome ai a half inctes in diameter, with a flange and lock-cut, which said screw shall be spidered to th bIsdoi the inside of the bottom the bo, six inches from the qttu t ibox"