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• REAT FALLS TRIBUNE.
SUBSCRIPTION RATES. On seopy year, (in advan c) .............. $.00 Onelcopy ` months,... ...................... 1.50 Oae copy 3 months .... ...................... 1.00 Speciman oopis...... .......... 1 Stritly in advance. The ii -elation of the Tanisaz in Northeorn Montana is guaranteed to exceed that of any pa per published in thy territory. ddress allcommunications to the TRIBUNE. GREAT FaL.S. MOST. A.C. LORING, PARIS GIBSON, II. O. CIOWEN, President. Vice-Presi.i'. nt. See. and Treass CATARACT IMILL COMPANYJ GREAT FALLS, MONT. H AVING assumed co-:strol of the CivrrRuCT Fl.o:_ ae.. MILL at Great Falls. w. I se rposc mlak!;g i' i it provementa as r:::~ y r v, Skeep up the exce!,,:i,:-o iL.r ,:·.: , i ture. Veo will also ,rect· ·t- e :'--n t - . :; a ::,: , dious warehouse for ti, ste'ag, ,o -,ai::. i shall be able to conveniently hmdl. a.ihc t grai' rs ed in Northern Montana. Catairact Mill Co.n-ip'Y OURº,BRAN DS: DIAMOND CATARACT, STRAIGHT, GOLD DUST, SILVER LEAF. t TO WHEAT GROWERS: We will PAY you the highest market price t in CASH for all the wheat you will deliver to us. We mean business. f Cataract Mill Company. Protect Your Property Against Fire! BY PURCHASING V Ha ar HanI-I irena Fire- ' The best Hand-Grenade Fire Extinguisher ever produced. Reliable, sim a pie, economical: will not freeze or burst. Resists the action of all climates e will not deteriorate with age. EXTINGUISHES FIRES INSTANTLY- I Easily broken, can be used by any one. The liquid contained in it is abso lutely harmless to the flesh and fabric. Everything it touches becomes fire proof, for whatever it falls upon will not burn. We do not claim to extin- : tinguish conflagration, or usurp the place occupied by the Fire Department, n but we emphatically hold that no incipient fire can live where the HAY- t] WARD HAND-GRENADES are used as directed, and thus conflagrations or disastrous fires are prevented. BE CAUTIOUS AND DO NOT PUR CHASE WORTHLESS AND FRAUDULENT IMITATIONS. Send for b full particulars and one of new pamphlets containing proofs of the wonder- ' ful efficiency of our Grenades in extinguishing actual fires.-No Private. ti Residence, Hotel, Public Building or Manufactory should be without their t] protection. Address, Geo. D. Budington, Territory Ag't., QR.EAT FALLS, MONT. o __ ______ _-_~ t] ECLIPSE Livery, F ee an Sale Stables, Olresat Falls, Montana Hamilton & Eaton, - Proprietor Corral and Best of Accommodations for Feed Animals. Broken and Unbroken Horses For Sale. NEW STORE! Dunlap & Arthur, ---DEALERS IN Groceries, Provisions I-Hardware Steel Nails, Etc. A Share of Your Patronage Solicited. Great 'alls, - - - Montana II I I- I I . . . . . . . . . , PIONEER HOTEL r eat E.'.11I, 2v1o1 t Best Table and Most jComfortable Rooms of any Hotel in Great Falls. C.arges Seasonab1le Walker & Carter, - - - ProDs Dexter's Ferry Across the Missouri River above Sun river IS NOW RUNNING. W. O. DEXTER, Prop. G] SGREAT FALLS TRIBUNE, OL. 1. GREAT FALLS, MONTANA TERRITORY, SATURDAY, MARCH 20, 1886, NO, 45 . GEN. BENJ. F. BUTLER, JJT~R*IN FORTHETBIEBUZ. Of all the great public men prom inently before the country for the last quarter of a century or more none have shown so much individuality as Gen. Butler. He is nothing if not or iginal. The best abused man in the United States, and the best kind of a man in the most comprehensive term. Public events placed Gen. Butler in many trying positions , here the most ardorous duties requir d i ~rn: '.,i. if not sternness in their ex ,':u°i:.. In the performance of such Sntnies the ,mnian never flinched. He has been found equal to the occasion and able in every emergency. The TCharleston Convention found him a demnocrat of the strongest type, but when he saw that the action of that convention forecasted a premediated dissolution of the Union there was only one course before him: a faithful adhereance to the Union, a generous and manly support of the Govern ment, and a firm resolve to stand by the flag, come what would. At a time when many leading poli ticans were on the fence, Butler rous ed up the patriotism of the "Old Bay State," marshalled her sons to pre pare for the coming fray, and led them forward in defense of Washing ton. The capture of Federal Hill and the masterly way he muzzled treason in Baltimore, is a matter of general history. He made way for the Union troops to arrive in the capitol by the way of Annapolis, and while in com mand at Fortress Monroe he gave the first ray of freedom's light dawn to the slave, rent the first rivet of his shackles when declaring him "contra band of war," thus giving the hunted fugitives safety and supplies inside his lines and heralding in advance general emancipation. Generals Hunter and Fremont were issuing wordy proclamations of no effect, while in the army of the Patomic fugitives from slavery were returned to the owners-so called. The most pacific measures of attempts at consolation became rediculous guards had been placed over the homes and other property of persons in arm ed rebellion against the people of the United States, Gen. Sherman has defined war as cruelty and destruction but that defi nition had not yet reached the line of 1 the Patomic in t1-2. The contraband from being local became general, in the course of time, National. Every paper had some thing to say about the contraband, the reliable contraband, and the most reliable contraband coming inside our iines inporting awful and important in formation etc. The term contraband originated with Gen. Butler, and there is not much hazarded in saying that all the information derived at any time from the most reliable con traband was of a most unreliable na ture. Gen. Butler had been singled out for command of the Gulf department and concentrated his force at Ship Island-a large sand bar putting into the Gulf. The troops in the com mand were volunteers chiefly from Massachusetts, Maine, Connecticut and.New York. There are few places so barren or desolate or disagreeable as the dreary island on which the soldiers were encamped, going through the general routine of a sol diers duties. Early in April Admiral Farragut, (then captain) ably assisted by Admiral David D. Porter, (then commander) arrived at the South West Pass. Farragut commanded the squadron-to push on to New Orleans, while Porter with his mortar fleet kept pounding away at Forts Jackson and St. Phillep, the former on the left and the latter on the right bank of the Mississippi. Both of those Forts were considered im pregnable. They were judiciously armed and well commanded. It is doubtful if Forts Jackson and St. Phillip could be prudently attacked by a land force, Jackson particularly. The great Admiral David Glasgow Farragut surmounted every obstacle, and on a fine day in April made afool of Gen. Beauregard's prediction that the "Crescent City" was impregnable from direction of the gulf and could not be taken. Following up in wake of the squadron with part of his force Gen. Butler landed at New Orleans. The band striking up "Picayune But ler has come to town." The New Orleanists did not welcome Gen. But ler, of course they new he was at Ship Island and having inplicit faith in Beauregard's impregnability, they never dreamed of his getting there, but he did.. A picayune was the smallest coin coined in New Orleans; the wits were in, the habit of giving that appelation -to Gen. Butler, when he was on Ship sland; their mortifi cation can be imagined when they be held him march 'through the city at the head of his army of occupation, and his band in cheering strains play ing 'Picayune Butler has come to town." On his arrival in New Or leans Gen. Butler was met by tumult and discord. The Confederates had abandoned the city, the wharves, cot ton press piles of coal and several vessels were in a blaze, incendiaries had been at work and the most select ed mob outside of Paris had control for a short period. The Naval author ities had, previous to General Bat lers arrival, taken possession of the Mint, Custom House and National buildings. The State flag was taken down from the City Hall. On the Mint and Custom House the stars and stripes waved once more gently in the breeze, and the order promulgated that any one found attempting to haul it down would be fired upon. The Naval authorities I suppose want ed to have all the eclat attending their great victory-and great it certainly was, not alone for the navy but the entire country. But they found after hoisting the flag they could not spare force enough to defend it. The de tachment of marines and sailors in possession of the public buildings were menaced by the mob but held on until properly relieved. After the sailors and marines proceeded aboard their ships, one Mumford, a sporting man round town, hauled down the flag from the Mint, trailed it in the dust, tore it up in shreds to be dis tributed among the howling mob, too cowardly to go with the Confederate soldiers to thefront, but brave enough to be an enemy in the rear. Mumford was tried for that crime by Military law, found guility and sentenced to hanged on the spot where the flag had been torn down from the Mint. The sentence was put into execution and Mumford was hanged. I learned from authority that it was the intention of Gen. Butler to commute the sen tence to expulsion outside the lines, but a gang of desperadoes formed in the city menaced him with instant death if a hair of M.imiord waa touch ed. They enclosed to the General com mand:ng, that menace with the typical coffin profiled at the top. That as a matter of course entirely changed the intention of Gan. Butler. Had he reprieved the condemned man the gang would ascribe it to fear of the threats.they had made and grow bold er in consequece. Gen. Butler is the last man in this country to be intimi dated by mob law. Thus it was that the sentence of the court became con firmed and the foolish and unfortu nate man met his death by the action of his associates. There are few men so cool headed or temperate in his ac tion as Gen. Butler. The course of the desperadoes presented the alterna tive of giving away to them or sup pressing them, the latter course was adopted and the mob disappeared. The Red Bills-red handed from many murders, found security behind iron bars. Gen. Butler became in formed that a large amount of money belonging to the people of the United States had been abstracted from the Mint and lodged with the Belgian counsul for safe keeping. He requir ed this money returned to the origin al, lawful owners. [Meeting with re fusal, his previous demand was en forced and the ingots deposited in the Custom House to the credit of Uncle Sam. All the foreign consuls at New Orleans rose up menacingly and pro tested against the violation of the consulate. Those fellows were active agents for the Confederacy, which in no wise tended to moderate the firm attitude of Gen. Butler toward them. In keen, cutting and decisive langu age the Commanding General inform ed the bunch of foreign consuls that they appeared to forget their calling, necessating his reminding them they held their positions from the United States government, not from the Con federate, and if they did not conform to the duties of their office, they would be supplied with passports and ordered to leave within forty-eight hours. The British consul was rather prominent in those proceedings and quite malignant in his line of pro cedure. The removal of Gen. Butler has been attributed to foreign inter meddling. The money he seized was returned and converted into purchas ing arms and equipments to aid the rebellion. President Lincoln was ready to sustain Gen. Butler, but for State reasons Mr. Seward influenced his removal in order toplacate foreign powers. The manly dignified bear of Gee. Butler in mxatious questions was fully in keeping with his high rank and responsibilities. The ery of "mad dog" has been so often raised against him, calumny, ' slander and abuse without stinta but, nevertheless the great faot remains, that Gen. B. F. Butler from the inception to the close of the rebellion, has rendered great and inestimable service to his country. Big Money in Her Old Cook Sfove. A young woman of Dakota moved a few months ago from the Black Hills, and while debating whether or not to move her old cook stove also, was of fered 1,000 shares of Iron Hill stock for it. The stock was then thought to be worth just about as much as the paper on which it was printed. She took the offer, and has already been offered $2,000 for her stock, is hold ing on for more money, and the shares are still rising. An Interesting Experiment. Virginia Chronicle: Vail Brothers parted out 20 head of steers from their beef cattle two months ago, and divid ed them into two parts, weighed each band separately, and put ten into a close corral, where they had free access to hay and water. There was a high board fence around them, where the inclosure did not face the barn or some other building. The other ten were marked and turned out into the open field with the other cattle. After five weeks of feeding the two bands were carefully weighed, and the result was slightly in favor of those fed out in the field. --*- Sound Sense. An excnange says that it is a very easy matter for a newspaper, by the publication of one small item of news, to incur the ill-will of an individual to whom it has been a constant source of benefit for years. It is strange that when such an item is published the individual should jump at once to the conclusion that the writer had him in view when writing it, and that all the paper had formerly done for him should be in a moment forgotten, but such is frequently the case. Some people seem to think that a paper should agree with them in every ques tion, when, of course, such a thing would be impossible. No matter what side it takes, it is certain to offend somebody. This is one of the beauties of journalism. The Silver Dollar in 1794. In the congress of 1794 the subject of the emblems and devices for the new silver dollar to be coined at the Philadelphia mint. came before the house. A southern member bitterly opposed the adoption of the eagle for the emblem on the reverse of the coin, on the ground that "the eagle is the king of birds, and hence neither stuit able nor proper to represent a nation whose institutions and interests were wholly inimical to monarchical forms of government." "Perhaps a goose might suit the gentleman," replied Judge Thatcher, "as it is a rather humble and republican bird, and moreover, the gosling would answer to place on the dimes." The fierce southerner took the playful rejoinder as an insult, and sent a challenge to the judge, who promptly refused to fight on so slight a ground. • "Will you be branded as a cowardt" asked the southerner's friend. "Certainly, if he pleases," replied Thatcher; "I always was one, and he knew it, or he would not have challenged me."--Ar gonaut. At Cape Cod 40.000 terns have been killed in one season by an agent of the hat trade. At Cobb's Island' on the Virginia coast, a New York woman has succeeded in filling a contract with a Paris millinery firm for 40,000 skins of gulls, sea swallows and terns at forty cents apiece. Brick Pomeroy says: "Every time I pay rent I am. taking that much away from a home of my own." That probably accounts for the way Brick has of looking up new quarters ever and anon just before rent is due, but, thanks to the ways of this wicked world, some 'of our best citizens are often troubled that way. A novel case of boycotting is report ed from Greensborougb, Ga. A young man has won the affections of a cigar dealer's daughter, but the father forbade him 'the house. The young man organized a club of sym pathizers who refused to buy cigars of him. unless the father raised the barricade. Latest accounts say he is weakening. It is really to be hoped that the affair will end in amoke. The population of London now ex ceeds every other ity, anientor mod em, in the world. New York andall its adjacent cities are not equalto two thirds of it. Scotland, Switzerland and the Australian colonies eahs con tains ewer souls, while Norway, hIer via, GreeceaDn Denmark havesearee lyhalf asmay Yetatthebeginaig of the present eotury the opulation of London did not reach one ailliot.. Gold and Tin. We learn by aletter from Deadwood that on the slopes of Nigger Hill, in Rawlins Mining District, "gold is found in large nuggets, and also stream tin in extraordinary large piec es. A Mr. Idiff took from his placer mine on the west slope a nugget of gold mixed with quartz worth $140 for the gold it contained, but on account of its peculiar shape and being mixed with quartz is valued more for a cabi net specimen. The same miner, whilst working on the east slope some time ago for placer gold, found a piece of stream tin (cassiterite) weighing 5 lbs., 2 ounces, assaying 75 per cent. tin. The intrinsic value of which is only 75 cents, but on a3count oflthe unusual size it is considered as valuable a cabi net specimen as the gold nugget, stream tin rarely occurring in such big pieces. . The source of the tin ore has been found, having come from the tin veins in the. immediate vicinity, but the source of the gold so far has not been found, but it is generally suppos ed to be in the immediate vicinity from the fact that a great many nuggets have quartz attached to them and are rough and scraggy, whereas if its source was at some distant locality it would have been worn smooth the same as washed pebbles, and the ouartz would have been worn from the metal.-Independent. Pickling Railroad Ties. In the early history of the Union Pacific, the company treated ties with a preservative process something simi lar to the following as described by the Rawlins Tnbune: The Union Pacific is about to estab lish a laboratory, as it were, at Lara mie, for preserving railroad ties by what is known as the zinc-tannin pro cess. The apparatus consists of sev eral iron cylinders six feet in diameter and 111 feet in length. An iron track runs through these cylinders, and cars built on a two-foot gauge are rnm in loaded with ties, iron doors close up the ends and the work of treating the ties begins. Each cylinder will treat 400 ties at one time and make three runs a day, so that about 2000 ties per day will be turned out with two cylin ders. The works will give employ ment to forty laborers and will be in operation by the first of May. The patentee has constructed a plant for the Atchison, Topeka and Santa Fe road, one for the Rock Island, in Chi cago, and one in St. Louis. The pro cess is claimed to keep the pine wood from decaying, though not from suf iering the wear and tear to which soft wood is liable. The Mormon and the Chinaman. A Morman going southward, A Chinaman going West- They stopped beneath a sign board To sit them down to rest. "Now what a damned mean country This is!" the Mormon said; "A too-muchee must glo' countlee!" And Chin Wong shook his head. "Oh, whel you g)in', Molmon?" "Look up and you will know." The Chinee climbed the sign board, And read "To Mexico f ." "And where you going, heathen?" "Look upee," said Chin Wong; They read the other sign board, "This road to reach Hong KonglW. Wealth in the River. Millmen estimate that at least ten per cent. of the bullion product of the Comstock lode has flowed into the Carson river in the form of tailings. If this estimate is correct its sluggish waters now roll over a bed literally covered with the precious metals rep resenting a value of $41,000,000. Dr. Rae is confident that by his projected dredging process, sluices and electric batteries, he can resurrect and add at least two-thirds of this buried treas ure to the world. The doctor will superintend personally the construct io' of his boats and dredges, and will be ready to begin dredging by thelst of June. Russia is building a $2,500,000 ram. We predict that it will become the boutt of as many newspaper jokes as the seventy-five American goat. The old axiom that "Two parallel lines can never come together," has been knocked to finders by the rail road companies. A sausage sixty-four feet long has just been made in a Pennsylvania fac tory. It is doubtful ifBismarek ever sausage a large one. A young wifein -Boston is seeking a divc ne oa the ground of brutality. She tells a story of terrible cruelty, but perhaps her husband had suffic lent provocation. Sbhe admits that she played on a vie r The treasury ils sya paper Sdola lasts ftyyeahs ad a silves dl tlasr 100 ys. The reten.ti of the, GREAT FAIAl TRIBUNE. ADVERTISINMG RATs. Lweek...$LI3$ 51$ 4.1$ 6.1$ 9.1 $ 12. 1 month. I 5. 6. 7. 10' 15. 2. 3 month. 7. 8. 10. 15. 20. 5. S months 9. 1u. 15. 0. 55. 115. I year,... 12. 15. 25. 1). 200. SOD. Business notices in reading matter. 25 cents or line. Business notices 15 cents per line for Anrt in eartion. and 10 cents per line foreach ubsequent insertion of samematter. $1 and $2 bills in the treasury has forced about $13,000,000 of silver into circulation above the usualamount. Three thousand colored people have left the Southern states for the extreme West, and as many more will shortly follow. They go, they say,. because they areoffered regular wages as farm hands, and are becoming im povenshed in the south by high rents and small margins. The "preacher" is the latest swind ling dodge being worked in Centeal Iowa. He calls on his way distribut ing bibles, and often presenits the fam ily with a handsome book. He then asks for dinner or other meal, and. takes a receipt for twentyfive cents paid for it A few months later the neighboring bank calls for the pay ment of a note for $150.25. In a recant novel we discover the gentlemanly villain at one moment "lazily puffing a German pipe, and staring up at the ceiling;" on the next page we suddenly find him "throwing away the end of his cigar," and a few lines further on he is "lazily puff ing at his cigarette, and smiling with a superior air." Perhaps it will not be necessary to inform our readers that the novel was written by a wo man. "Oh, no, I suppose you weren't in- - toxicated last evening when you came homer' said Mrs. Dnmbledigg to pa tient husband. "No, I was merely tired and went into the library to enjoy a cigar." "You were perfectly sober, were. your' "Yes, perfectly." "Then, please explain, if you can, how you came to mistake my bustle for your smoking cap and went to. sleep with it on your head. Your Connecticut man is usually sharp at a bargain when he gives his mind to it, A Waterbc.- weekly newspaper made an invariable rule to . charge $1 cash for a year's subscript ion, and $1.25 when the subscriber was in arrears. One suberiber was three weeks behind when he went to renew his subscription the other day. He offered his dollar and was told that $1.25 was the price. "I'll stop my paper," said the subscriber. "There are 12 cents 1 owe you for the - three papers." After the editor had pocked the 12 cents the subscriber handed out the same dollar and said he guessed he'd subscribe for a year. He saved thirteen cents by the oper ation. He is 75 years old.-Spy. The "pen-and-ink man" is still a mystery to the officers of the secret service, says a Washington correspond ent. The most stenuous efforts have been made to catch him, but he has eluded their vigilance so far, and there is not the slightest trace of his identi ty or locality. The "pen-and-ink man" is the person known in police circles who makes counterfeit money with pen and ink so cleverly as to pass it without detection. The secret service has about fifty specimens of his handiwork, which have passed the scrutiny of the bank clerks and tellers, and been detected by the experts of the National Bank of redemption agency of the treasury department. The "pen-and-ink man" devotes most of his time to twenties and fifties. He has made a few $10 notes, but the bulk of these captured are of the de nominations indicated. The secret service officers believed for a long time that the "pen-and-ink man" was some expert who merely employed his leisure time in counterfeiting. They have given up thatwtheory and are now firmly convinced that he is making a living at it. The reason given for thins is that the oflicers have information that he produces one of these counterfeits each week, which returns him only fair wages. The "pen-and-ink man" is a wonderful ex pert. and he is an instance of a man who prefers doing wrong at less wag es than he could earn by doing right in a respectable vocation. NEWS OF THE WORLD. Yale's chess club has began a series of games with Columbia players. The claret vintage in France in 1885 was the smallest for many years. J. W. Janergan, a veteran actor well known in the West, died at Bos tou. The water in the Hudson river is lower than it has been for twenty year. ThesPerevian government is doing. its best to suppress gambling in Lima . Albany inpreparing for mnoineteL 1bib0ntennial celebraticpen V' SS of