Newspaper Page Text
GREAT FALLS TAIBUNE.
SUBSCRIPTION RATES. On sop71 year, (in advawne) .............. $sj Oas copy months,.......................... 1.50 On. copy $ months......................... 1.)00 Specimen copiesp............................ 13 Strictly in advance. The i. a.lation of the TaIsuNn in Northern Montana is guaranteed to exceed that of any pa per published in the territory. Address all communications to the TRIBUNE. GazAT FALLS. MONT. A. C. LORLING, PARIS GIBSON. H. 0. CHOWEN, President. Vice-President. Sec. and Tress CATARACT MILL COMPANY, GREAT FALLS, MONT. HAVING assumed conatrol of the CATrInACT FLOUmRIa MIILL at Great Falls, we propose making such im provements as may be found necessary in order to keep up the excellence of the flour of our manufac ture. We will also erect the present season a commo dious warehouse for the storage of grain, so that we shall be able to conveniently bendle all the grain rais ed in Northern Montana. Cataract Mill Company. OUR BRANDS: DIAMOND STRAIGHT, GOLD DUST, SILVER LEAF. TO WHEAT GROWERS: We will PAY you the highest market price in CASH for all the wheat-you will deliver to us. We mean business. Cataract Mill Company. Protect Your Property Against Fire! BY PURCHASING The best Hand-Grenade Fire Extinguisher ever produced. Reliable, sim f pie, economical: will not freeze or burst. Resists the action of all climates b will not deteriorate with age. EXTINGUISHES FIRES INSTANTLY- i, Easily broken, can be used by any one. The liquid contained in it is abso- d lutely harmless to the flesh and fabric. Everything it touches becomes fire proof, for whatever it falls upon will not burn. We do not claim to extin- I tinguish conflagration, or usurp the place occupied by the Fire Department, o but we emphatically hold that no incipient fire can live where the HAY WARD HAND-GRENADES are used as directed, and thus conflagrations e or disastrous fires are prevented. BE CAUTIOUS AND DO NOT PUR CHASE WORTHLESS AND FRAUDULENT IMITATIONS. Send for full particulars and one of new pamphlets containing proofs of the wonder- a ful efficiency of our Grenades in extinguishing actual fires.-No Private d Residence, Hotel, Public Building or Manufactory should be without their o protection. Address, Geo. D. Budington, Territory g at., CkRHlAT F..ALLS, MONT. o" -~ ~ ~~_ - Ix ýý°n ECLIPSE Livery, Fee al Sale Stables, QCreat Falls, Monta.na Hamilton & Eaton, - Proprietor Corral and Best of Accommodations for Feed Animals. Broken and Unbroken Horses For Sale. NEW STORE! Dunlap & Arthur, ----DEALERS IN Grocries, Provisions, Harldware, Steel Nails, Etc. A Share of Your Patronage Solicited. Great Fallh, - - - Montana PIONEER HOTEL -reat Falla s, 1o CO t Best Table and Most IComfortable Rooms2 of any Hotel in Great Falls. Ctharges Ieason.nable Walker & Carter, - - - Prcs Dexter's Ferry Across the Missouri River above Sun river IS NOW RUNNING. . W. O. DEXTER, Prop. SREAT FALLS RIBUNE VOL, 1. GREAT FALLS, MONTANA TERRITORY, SATURDAY, MARCH 27, I888, NO, 46 EARLY SPRING FLOWERS. as WEITTah FOR THE TRIBUNE. F Who has not, at least when a child, enjoyed the pleasure of going out in search of wild flowers on the first of May? Often. I remember, on that ) date the spring was so backward that scarcely a blossom could he found. Wainter had such firm hold upon the earth he seemed reluctant to let go his frosty grasp. No warm wind from the great Pacific reached that region to send him flying northward with scarce a moment4notice and for this very reason, that winter stayed so long, every sign of spring was the more welcome. The growing willow catkins, "pussy willows" were pluck ed before bursting, their leathery coat removed by small and eager fing ers and the silky down of the "pussies" stroked and caressed in a way that would be much bottre appreciated by their fourle-gged namesake. The first few flowers to be found seemed strange and new each year. There was the bright, yellow buttercup nest ling closely in the prairie grass and often accompanying it what we called goslings, more properly termed wind, or pasque flowers. These two, always among the earliest to appear, were more closely associated with the com ing of spring than any others. Soon the delicate wood anemone, the blood root and various species of violets I could be found, and spring and spring i flowers had come in earnest. Of them all, the blood-root was an especial favorite with its pure white I bud peeping out of the encircling leaf, and appearing so suddenly from the damp earth, when all about were fal len leaves and dead grasses. Then I too, the orange-red juice it was ready I to shed from every wound, lent addit- I ional interest to this trim flower of c the groves. Whence came the bril liant color? and wherefore? What- t ever its significance, it proved a most c convenient substance for staining s each others hands and faces in care- t less sport. We thought the flower's t one fault to be, that the odd, round- 1 ish leaf would come up seperate from s the flower stalk, no matter how care- a fully pulled by childish hands, there- t] by taking away much of its attract- ti ive appearance when growing. In- s deed, a blossom without its accom- p paning leaf or leaves is often robbed of half its beauty. v In an early season, all of these flow- b ers and some few others, could be a found from about the middle of April tl and onward, but it would be rare in- c] deed to find a single plant in bloom p on April 1, or in the last few days of is March. o In this latitude in Montana, , although farther north than the regi on alluded to above, it is not uncom mon to find several species of plants in bloom by the beginning of April. I well rmember taking a ride some years ago over th, high prairies near the Belt mountains, after an unusual ly severe winter. It was the first of April and a day perfect, even above Montana days. The sun shone bright and warm, and just the lightest of spring-like breezes came from the west. Long banks of fleecy clouds lay spell-bound over the main chain of the Rocky mountains, which stretched for miles along the horizon to the westward. Here and there clouds and snow-capped peaks mingl ed in a brilliant whiteness that but in creased the intense blue of the else where spotless heavens. Great beds of snow, drifted deep by winter gales, covered half the ground, but on the warm hillsides and bare knolls, al ready blades of green grass could be found several inches high, and no less than three species of flowers were no ticed ,commonly in bloom. Once, coming over a slight rise, a full chorus of frogs burst suddenly on the ear. They were in a small pond formed of melting snow, On approaching every voice was hushed, but our back was soarcely turned before first one, and then another shrill voice piped up, and soon the momentary scare was forgot ten in the attempt of each cold blood ed individual to drown out his neigh bor's shrillness by his own. Nearly all the early spring flowers are distinctively prairie species, well adapted to grow with slight moisture, and to withstand both cold and wind. The majority are perennials, with tough, fibrous roots which sometimes send up two or three growths of foli age and blossoms, only to be cut down by frost, till finally the season is sufil ciently advanced to allow the seeds to form and ripen. Often the plants are so low that the blossoms scarcely ap pear above ground and the highest winds effect them no more than the gentlest breezes. This lack of long and delicate stems and- branches is noticeable among the earliest species, of several very different fimilies of plants. Of the pnlsefamily is a spe cies of rattle-weed (Astragalus triphy Ilus) growing in dense flat tufts an inch or two high, with the flowers 3, wedged in between the leaves so as n scarcelyto be recognized. This plant Sblossoms early in April, probably the t first of all its kind, so abundant in it the West. The ripe seeds in the pods . of many species having stems and a branches, sway back and forth and rattle in the passing breeze, whence n the plant takes its name of rattle n weed, but little less than an earth h quake would be required to sway the s pods of this particular kind. o Of wild parslei, a species of Hog's o Fennel, or Peucedannm (P. villosum) v may be cited, with its bright yellow clusters of small flowers almost resting y on the ground. Several other early species of this family are quite simi lar with their low, spreading foliage t and blossoms. Among composites is a species of Townsendia (T. sericea,) e with several clustered, white, aster i like blossoms, scarcely peeping out a above the surface of the earth. The - leaves are so reduced in size as to be I scarcely recognisable, and the whole I plant when dug up proves to be little more than blossoms and roots. Sev eral specimens of this last, almost in bloom, were found during the warm weather in February of this year. The figwort family has an early re presentative in what is known as Syn thyris, (S. alpina.) The first speci mens found are only a few inches high and well protected by a covering of dense, woolly hairs. The flowers are purplish, crowded together in a short spike. Then there is the Moss Pink, (Phlox Douglasii) belonging to the polemonium family, frequently to be found by the last of March in full 1 bloom. It acquires the name moss t from the dense, mat-like appearance 8 of its stems and leaves. The flowers s themselves resemble in form those of t. the taller cultivated species of phlox c of the gardens. Two other very early d spring flowers, but mostly confined in P this country to the mountains, belong t1 to the crowfoot family. One is a small n buttereup (Ranuncius glaberrimns,) P specimens of which I have collected el as early as April 9th. The other is s the common Wind-floweralready men- 8 tioned, and appearing at about the a-i same time, or even earlier than the fn preceding. o Before the close of April a good ti variety of plants may be found in e bloom, but new forms do not seem to o' appear as rapidly as in regions where it the weather is less subject to sudden u: changes. One of the most showy ai plants of the latter part of this month ti is a species of pulse known as Therm- ft opsis (T. rhombifolia.) The bright P1 yellow cluster of flowers much resem- ft bles the cultivated pea in form and rE has a delicate perfume not common o0 among Montana plants- Another bl plant growing on the.elevated prairies w towards the mountains is Balsamor- lii rhiza (B. saggitta.) A cluster of do coarse, more or less arrow-shaped at leaves, surround a stem bearing rather tr large, usually solitary heads of yellow U1 flowers, not unlike sunflowers. Often di the plants are in full bloom the last w; week of April, and later in the season in when all traces of flowers and seeds fa have disappeared, the harsh, dried leaves still remain to rustle in the au- t tumn breezes, and but recall to mind st the rapid changes of everything hay- cc ing life. The roots of this plant con- m stitute an article of food among pt various Indians. a A family of plants not yet noticed are the violets, at least three species 3 of which may be found in bloom in - April. The yellow-flowered kind (V. ) Nuttallii) is the most widely distribut e ed, growing everywhere on hillsides. - A blue violet (V. canina var. adunca) and a larger growing species with white flowers (V. Canadensis) are limited to damper grounds. E And last, but not least of April blossoms, is the Yellow Fritillaria (F. pudica,) of the lily family., It is usual I ly formed on damp and more or less i shaded slopea, The handsomne, solit ary flower nods tupon its stalk, but as the pistil enlarges and ripens, the stem straightens out, bearing the large, egg shaped pod erect. The above is not a gomplete list of plants blooming in April, but simply includes some of the Corpmon and more striking forms, _. S. W. Big Sale. A St. Louis syndicate last week pur ch1sed 1200 head of cattle from stock men in Walla Walla at $24 a head. They are negotiating for another pur chase of $80,000 worth. The cattle are to be taken into the British poss essions, north of Montana,lor grazing. The conductors and drivers of -near ly every street ear line in Cincinnati have given the company until this week to answer.i demand for twelve hours at .$, to)b.a piddaily. Y- Helena's Opium doints. in The majortty of the citizens of He rs lena are not aware of the extent to as which the degrading and debasing at habit of opium smoking is carried on le in their midst, so says the Independ n ent. Not alone among the Chinese, is but among the white, men, women d and girls of tender age are being d gradually drawn into the vicious cir e cle, the fumes of the pipe encircling e- its victims in a deadly coil from which h extrication is almost impossible. e About a week ago three girls of re spectable parentage were seen to en ' ter, either in a fit of curiosity or oth i) erwise, an opium joint on the south= R west corner of West Main and Cutler g streets. They stayed in this den y about an hour, and out of regard for their parents the police, who saw e them enter and emerge, refrained s from arresting them and from divulg ing their names. There are in Chinatown about six "joints" or opium dens that have more e or less patronage among the whites. Some members of the demi monde are regular customers, although their female clientale does not end there. The male patrons are more numer ous, howover, and chiefly recruited from among the professional gamb lers. Ah Sam, on Water steot, has six bunks and at almost any hour of the t · day one or more are occupied by some c opium fiend, either "hitting the pipe" t or in the various attendant stages of t t intoxication. I A house on the north side of Water 3 streets contains fourteen bunks and i is much patronized by the citizens of t l Wood and Bridge streets, a bank en- c trance from East Bridge affording a a shady means of approach. Opium t" smokers are invariably ashamed of f' the habit, and when the case becomes a chronic not only know and feel the fl depths of their degradation, but are S peculiarly sensitive to it. A visit to e the house mentioned at an early 0 morning hour in company with a i police officer, found "ix bunks occupi- a ed. Two white women were lying in fi separate bunks in a deathly, lethargic J1 sleep, while one white man looked up d at us with a silly giggle, evidently cE not comprehending anything or rec- C ognizing us, and sank back again on p: the bunk. A Chinaman with shrunk en, pallid face, and skin drawn tight over the high cheek bones and reced ing forehead,was twirling the thick liq- st uid around the end of a long needle and filling the pipe. Holding it over hi the lamp he ignited the bubbling and hi frothing drug, and with an air of su- A preme satisfaction inhaled the power- ti ful fumes. The silence of death le reigned supreme, not a word was said on either hand, and amid this horri ble stench the lost and enslaved whites herded with the filthy Mongo lians, unconscious even of their own degradation. Vice is usually made attractive, but there was nothing at tractive here. Bunks made of rough, vnplained boards, dirty sheets and dirtier pillows, a room about 10x10, with no ventilation, and the filthiest imaginable surroundings. What a lii fascination there must be in the pipe. w Ah Hung, or some such name, owns the shacks 1, 2, 3 and 4 on Cutler a street. In the first of these, after considerable delay, we obtained ad mittance. A white man of fine ap pearance had jumped from a bunk L and was ready to leave when disturb- P' ed. He expressed himself as wishing C to rid himself of the habit and "wish- le ed to God" he had never hit the pipe. es He said he was "tapering off day by Ii] day." Yes, tapering off to the grave. ra There is a "joint" freely patronized a by a Wood street siren a little above m Quang Hing & Co's. store on West fo M]ain and, one a door or so away from te Tong High & On Kee's place. re The pipe stems are made of bam boo. About fqur inches from the end, the pipe is attached to the stem. The smoker, with a dexterous twist, takes on the end of a needle enough of the black extract to form the size of a pea and puts it into the pipe. I The pipes are usually made of brass. He holds this over a small lamp and in a Bsort time ignites, draws and ex hausts it in a few long inhalations. The effect on a beginner is to make him feel light headed and airy. He rapidly loses comprehensiaqn and finally falls intoQ heavy sleep The curse of opium smoking is a deadly one, and we trust the Territo rial law-makers will legislate for its suppression. .Like an octopus, it is extending its deadly creepers among our own people, and unless the tide is stemmed will cost.the community dearly. The city council have recent ly passed ac ordiance prohibititing the usage by Uhinese iomen of houses situated en West Main, in ene Chinee s ack oºn a corerl as nailed and boarded up the doors and. windows fronting on Main street, and made a side entrance on the side fac ing on an alley leading to Clore.. The Bear's Paw Mines, All of the old miners, especially those who took part in the Bear's Paw stampede of 1878, are still firm in the belief that gold and silver quartz exist there in large quantities, and when they can return without fear of molestation work will be resumed. The history of that stampede is famil iar to all of our readers. Miners came back from the Black Hills; old pro spectors who had abandoned the pro fession for years were lured to the Bear's Paw by the cheering reports which were almost daily received, but the collapse came when the military authorities interfered, and the miners were forced to discontinue their work. i A few, more during, quietly returned and commenced operations, to make a practical test of the richness of the ore. Denni IHlin and Pat Din thue work ed there all winter; they were supplied with tools, forge' etc., plenty of food, and wvern determined to ascertaiR for a certainty what there was, and during the winter thaw ran a tunnel in nine ty-two feet. But further operations were stopped by some one stealing all of their food while they were at work. The following day all of their valuable tools were stolen. They then aban doned the work and returned to Ben ton to obtain more supplies. During their absence the tunnel was jumped by a Bentonite, and again jumped by another man from Milk river. Dennis has always believed that in a short time they would have reached valuable ore, other parties had rich claims there and when the time is ripe many of them will return. Rich ore has been found at the head of Gravelly coulee, and good placeor prospects can be found on nearly all of the streams. Some of the ore which has been assay ed r'ns up into the hundreds. The opening of the reservation will give an impetus to mining in the Bear's Paw, and notwithstanding ~t r nemotntess from the main range, men whose judgment in such matters is excellent declare that they will be found of ex- i ceeding richness, and will prove that Choteau county is not a non-mineral producing section.-Press. A Deserted Montana Town. B. C. W. Evans, writing from Bear Mouth to the Northwest Magazine, says: The other day I got a cayuse of a miner farmer near the station here, forded the Deer Lodge river and headed up Bear gulch for Bear Town. At the apex of the delta-like mouth of the gulch I passed through what was left of the old town of Bear Mouth. It has dwindled down to a number of frame log buildings, on each side of what once was the main street, and numerous tumble-down log cabins and shanties in the suburbs as it were. It looked deserted and gloomy-not a sign of life to be seen or heard. The quiet strangeness of a vacated mining camp is a peculiarity comparable to nothing else. Less than two decades ago Bear Mouth was all bustle and life. In some of the old log buildings where business was carried on, over $100,000 were cleared in business, within the short time the town existed. A Large Lease. Stockgrower's Journal: Maj. T. H. Logan, of the Home & Cattle Com pany, has just returned from Ottawa, Canada, where he has consumated a lease of two million acres of Her Maj esty's real estate, lying something like 200 miles north of the company's range in Montana. The lease is for a term of twenty-one years and was made at the average price of three fourths of a cent per acre, and by its terms the occupants of the land are released from all taxation during the entire term. By way of commencing the job of stocking this immense range, the management of the company wil this year place 26,000 head of cattle on it, and will from time to. time increase the number. It is said that th.acwco try is admirably suited for grazing purposes, being well watered and sheltered. A Celestial Visitor. A comet of unusual brilliancy is now journeying tswards the earth at the speed of 50,000 miles in a s~oond. The celestial wandere.wiR be visible the firat of April, and abant tlye mid dle of Miy will he only 1, 00 distant, which is the nearest he4aniu ing visitor will approachtfisp~ui in its journey around the dS. The Milwanukne & St- Paul has ar ranged to build a branch from SctI land northwest through Hutchinson southwest corner of Aurora county, and ece o throe:r GREAT FALLS TRIBUNE. ADnarT G L Tlo P LTwek... $ $Si.i$A. $. i$ .II 12. t month. 5 6. . 7. 1tj 15IL S. s month 7. 8. l.. IL, 31. s. s manthe I t. 21. U. 10. s. N. I year.... LI 1i. .1 . 3..t . M. Buelines Ioowes in readins mater. it **ne or line. Business notices 1cents per line faort irst is ) eartio, and 10 cents perifni foreachiubeqesast imnsrtion of sme mOster. MELANGE. Senator Van Wyek, of feobrask*, has introduced the following bill to fill a long felt want in the territories, and especiairyihn' Iontana:: No lands granted to any railroad' shall be ex empt from local taxation by states, territories or other municipalities, on account of the lien of the United State for the cost of surveying and r conveying the same, or because no patents shall be issued. Any such - lands sold for taxes shall be taken by the purchaser, subject to the lien for such costs to be paid as the seretary of the interior may provide, the act only to apply to lands opposite to and co-terminous to completed portions of roads and in organized counties. If any r.:lroad corporation required by law to pay the costs of surveying lands granted by congress shall for thirty days neglect or refuse to pay any such I costs, after demand by the secretary of the interior. the attorney general shall at once commence proceedings to collect the same. The Bay State Cattle com nany, of Nebraska. recently bought of the Union Pacifie Railroad company 350, 000 acres of land lying between North Platte and Ogalalia. There are few apparently rospost-. able men who are either actively en gaged in the anti-Chinese demonstra tions, or lending the law-breakers moral support in the form of approval of their acts whenever they fall short of actual riot. There are not many of these, and when their cases are con sidered critically it is found they are but a squad of axe-grinders, who. think they are doing good political work by making themselves "solid with the boys." In this they are. greviously in error, and were that all, no one would take the trouble to al lude to them; but, unfortunately,. their connection with the agitation misleads those not familiar with the, status of the movement, to believe that responsible citizens are engaged in this lawless cr ade. . Suae is. f.. from being the case, and our Eastern friends are assured that the business men, property holders, industrious and reliable working men and respect able citizens generally are almost unanimously opposed to every form of violence, intimidation or unjust treatment of the Chinese or any other foreign element in our midst.-West Shore. A state and anti-Chinese convention at Sacramento, Cal., recently adopted a long memorial to congress. Reso lutions were offered opposing vio lence, but advocating an uncomprom ising boycott, and requested the ap pointment of a committee to solicit subscriptions to hire ships to depart C.hinese. First Sheep Shipment. Two thousand sheep arrived in St. Paul last evening from Montana, en route to Chicago, the first shipment this season. They came in double dock cars over tha Northern Pacific, but will likely be sent from here in single deckers, the lines in the North western Traffic association refusing to carry sheep in double deck cars. It is thought after April 1st these hnes will either ship sheep in double deck cars or allow a discount of about 25 per cent from cattle rates. Unless they do this the Montana sheep in dustry, to a large extent, will be ruin ed. The same charge for a car of sheep frcm St. Paul to Chicago has been made as on a car of cattle. The latter weigh double the amount of the former and bring double the amount of money when marketed, and the railroads will probably make a reduction in their tariff on sheep. St. Paul Globe. The Sandal-Wood of Japan. Passing by a shop you see cords of wood cutinto small blocks about six inches long. This you learn is noth ing short of shoe timber. These cords of wood will speeeily be converted inito shoes of various sizes, at prices ranging all the way from four to twenty cents. The wood is called kiri, and is very light. The clogs are still further lightened by hollowing ont the center. Soy in piett of fact, 4here is little trai u eth i al the shoes heavy, alt ht~IgithIy u'eap so to the inexperiencede lierve. It must be admitted, tjwy a ne aneasonably elamsy. the shoes worn by the eed, and are fast.nd by iand p: ing fromuithe side over the wer part of the in st-p With this same kind t tiade bureaus, nd the gmade adjustable in tio f. Owing to, oter wood those boxes may r.,l