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tGREAT FALLS T NIBUNE.
SUBSCRIPTION RATESG w.s cop7y 1 7sr, (in sdvrn:o) ..............;$3 0 as copy 6mon ta ........................... . ~as copy 3 months ........................... i s8pa iman copi@iO .....:..... ................ •triot1y in aeivance. - The ilhealtion of the TBInEronin North.rn S.nana is gnuarantaed to exceed that of any pa per pnblishsd in the territory. d&-esall o... nmucatitonoth. VOL 2- GREAT FALLS, MONTANA TERRITORY SATURDAY MAY 22, I8886 NO, 2 A.C. C LtING, PAR IS C-I O.O, *O. 0. CUOWEN, President. V ice-President. Sec. and Treas CATARACT MILL GOMPANY GREAT FALLS, MONT. HAV ING assumed constrol of the CATARACT FLOurnIN M ILL at Great Falls. we propose making such im provements as may be found necessary in order to keep up the excellence of the flour of our manufac ture. We will also erect the present season a commo dious warehouse for the storage of grain, so that we shall be able to conveniently hb:dle all the grain rais ed in Northern Montana. Cataract Mill CmDally. OUR BRANDS: DIAMOND ---- -_-. STRAIGHT, GOLD DUST, SILVER LEAF. TO WHEAT GROWERS: We will PAY you the highest market price in CASH for all the wheat you will deliver to us. We mean business. Cataract Mill Company: iProtect Yorei Proper y Aiiist Fire! BY PF R.CH SING -HaywBar Tan-iO-IE- Fire The boest Hand-Grenade Fire Extinguisher ever produced. Reliable, sim ple conomical: will not freeze or burst. Resists the action of all climates will not deteriorate with age. EXTINGUISHES FIRES INSTANTLY Easily broken, can be used by any one. ,The liquid contained in it is abso lutely harmless to the flesh and fabric. Everything it touches becomes fire proof, for whatever it falls upon will not burn. We do not claim to extin tinguish confi.gration, or usurp the place occupied by the Fire Department, but we emphatically hold that no incipient fire can live where the HAY WARD HAND-GRENADES are used as directed, and thus conflagrations or disastrous fires s.re prevented. BE CA'ITIOiT'S AND DO NOT PU - CHASE WORTHLESS AND FRAUDUTLENT IMITATIONS. Send for full particulars and one of new pamphlts containing proofs of the wondor ful efficiency of our:Grenades in extinguishing actual fires.-No Private Rosidence, Hotel, Public Building or Manufactory should be without their protection. Address, Geo. D. Budington, Territory Ag't., CtREAT 'ALLS, MONT. i _ _____~- Y-Y III-~ ýeIP - ECLIPSE Livery, Fee d. al Sale Stables, Creat Falls, Mon'tans. Hamilton & Eaton, - Proprietor Corral and Best of Accommodations for Feed Animals. Broken and Unbroken Horses For Sale. NEW STORE! D n DEALERI IN k Groceries, Provisions, Hardware, Steel Nails, Etc. A Share of Your Patronage Solicited. Great Falls, - - - Montano PIONEER ..HOTEL Great =Falls, -.ont Best Table and Most Comfortable Roonms of any Hotel in Great FallEs. C.h.arges easoakble Walker & Carter, - - - Proa Dexter's err Acros the Missouri River above Sun river 18 NOW RUNNING. , 0, XTE , Prop -AKI! POWDER Absolutely Pure. This powder never varios. A marveiof purity etrength and wholesomeness. More economica than the ordinary kinds, and cannot be sold in competition with the multitude of low test, shor weight, alum or phosphrte powders. Soldonly in cns. lRoAL. BAKING PowIan Co.. 107 Wall st., Ntw York. JOHN W. WADE, Civil Engineer U. S. Dep. Mineral Surveyor. Special attention givento land surveying and irrigating canals. HELENA, MONT. ('CRLEts G GRIFFTHe ED.XUND Is(.caop.L County Surveyor RIFFITH & INGERSOLL, Civil Engineers & Dep. U. S. Mineral & Land Surveyors, Irrigatin; ditches and ranch surveys a ise'cialty. OFFICES: GiLE.\T FALLS & BENTON. R. A. F. FOOTE, DENTIST., Croadway, - - - Helena, Mh·nt. (ABOVE HERALD OrFICE) li P. ROLFE, Attornoy-at-Law, Special ttr:ntio-,Criven to land: entries of all kinds and to co ntests in the land orfice U S Deputy 1Miieral Surveyor Hl:lena and Great Falls LT- LOUIS HOTEL Ania Bll Toll Restaurant, Main Street, Helena FIRST CLASS IN EVERY RESPECT S' Siusher, - - Proprietor. D.D iNSON, Attorney at Law. Gives Special attention to Business in the U S Land Office, HELENA, MON'. DR. H. H. WYNNE, Helena, Montana, Eye, Ear and Throat Surgeon. Ietesntly attendant upon the large Eye, Ear, and Throat Ilospitals of Europe Vienna, Berlin, Paris, London and Edin bu rg. The eye,"ear and throat a special and exclusive practice. Spectacles sciertifi caily fitted to the eye. Catarrh of the Nose aRal1jThroat successfully treated. Office-Jac-ltson St, 6-'y PHIL GIBSON, Notary Public. Special attention given to Final Proof ot©es, Land matters of all kinds attended to Agent for First-Class Insurance Co's 13oth Fire, Life and Accident, Stock Handled Having at all times a list of men who are prepared to take stock on shares. GREAT FALLS. $1. 13 _UEs 13 The POQLICE GAZETTE will be mailed, sesurely wrapped, to any ad dress in the United States'for iree. months QL rogpipt f $i. ONE DOLLAR si. Liberal disaounts al e to post mastes agents aid l i ' Samplei copies mailed free. Address a orbr to RtLHARD K. FOX, TR NKAVY. f Written for the T'iBUss. C We ought to consider our navy t whVt it has done, and what it is capa- r ble of doing. Wo look back with e -pride, and study ~iith much satisfac- c tion this branch of the public service. We can imagine McDonoagh on the c lakes, and hear him say "we have met i the enemy and they are ours." We f can see Farragut in the rigging of the c Hartford entering Mobile bay, guidi s ing the ship through a sea of fire. s We ponder ever the deeds they have done and the examples their lives 0 have given us. There is no history a more valuable or more desirable to s know, than the history of our own c times. With that end in view we will c look at a Yankee Man of War.. t In the summer of '61 there arrived c in Washington navy yard, war ship Pensacola, now famous in the annals I of the country and still in service. t The Pensacola was built at the Pensa- ¬ cola navy yard in Florida, hence the C name. The Norfolk navy yard was set on fire and the shipping burnt or destroyed. Major Shuttleworth, of t the United States Marine corps, com manded the Marine barracks at Pensa cola, and cut out the Pensacola sloop I of war and sent her on to Washington to be completed. His action was timely. The Confederates subse quently burnt and destroyed the navy yard, Maiine barracks and fortifica tions. The loss of the Pensacola at t that time would have been a severe t one. Oar Government had few yes sells within reach, no money in the I treasury, and very little credit at home E --l-one abroad. Such were the con ditions staring President Lincoln's 1 administration in the early days of the war. So many officers, some of a the highest rank in the army and t navy, abandoned their country to fight against her, that great mistrust ensued thereafter. The govornment was feeling their cway slowly but sure- C ly. It is a singular coincidence that f not one sineIo eolisted maan, soldier I or sailor, could be found to follow the t pernicious courseoo their command- i ers going over to the enemy. Every enlisted man stood by the flag he i swore to defend. I Many of them were imprisoned, c notably so: in Texas by General C Twiggs and remained in prison-until t exchanged. The selection of officers for important commands, was one of 7 the greatest difficulties besetting the administration. The Pensacoa cornm- C pleted and equipped, was placed in c command of Henry W. Morris a Post I captain in the navy: It may be in t place to state here that in '61 there v was no higher rank---Post captain was Farragut's rank when he captur ed New Orleans. There might have v been half a dozen captains in the same l svuadron, each receiving same pay c and allowance. But the senior officer a took command by right of seniority r in case of death next in' seniority, so that in the battle of New Orioans 1 CaptaimB' Baley, Farragut and Mor ris were of level rank. The order of. the secretary appointing Captain I Farragut in command of the gulf a squadron, gave him authority and pre edence over all other . Commodore was a title of courtesy morw than any thing else. There was no such grade on the navy Register, . There is on board every U. S. war ship a complimeut of officers in pro porties to the number or strength of the ship's company. A vessel such as the Brooklyn, Hartford, Richmond I and Pensacola, are sister ships, or 1 ships of the same class and denomin ation. There is no longer any Frig ate or line of battle ships on sea. The fight of the Monitor and Merrimac, revolutionized the navies of the world. The monitors, rams, iron clads and torpedo boats are the fighting instru ments of the future, until they in turn are suoeeded by something more de structive. A sloop of war is a two decker, the gun deck, and the berth deck. The berth is forward, or the front part of the ship from the engine. On the desk the firemen, sailors, Marines and patty Oflicers abhide The potty oSicers are to the navy what non-commission ed officers are to the army. The pet ty officer s8jan important factor in a ship at"sea. There are rfour uarter masters, selected from able :erienc ed seamen, either of whom are camp ble of navigating a ship. -One of those is on the look out~ ostantly, spy glass in han~bd, report to:the deck officer who iscnmmisned,every objector neident his duty requires. Nothing escapes their notiee, any negleot or dereliotion of duty brings repmanid or reduction to a lower grade in rank. The Boah waiu's mate ar qually iportat they keen foir saerlto ntenv h f fieer of the day in the army. The first cutter is called for the executive or first officer pext in rank to the cap , tain, or such officers as may rank with the executive, such as the chief 1 engineer, paymaster, medical officer or officer commanding the Marines. . The 2nd cutter is for officers sub: a ordinate in rank, or who d5 not meps t in the ward room. The launches are e for the ships's company or mei going o on shore in numbers or bringing supplies on board. The dingy is a 3. small boat for general use and for ! e general purposes for officers and men s alike, particularly so when a ship is y at anchor near a town or city: The o executive officer, will often use the a dingy in preference to having the .1 cutter unfastened and lowered, but the gig is supreme---when the gig is [ called away-or when the gig of: p another ship is approaching the s boatswain's mate and four or six messenger boys stand each side the gangway,when such officer is going e or coming; this is equal to a present s arms in the army. When the presi r dent or members of the cabinet; sea-n ,f tors or members of congress; generals - of the army or admiral of our own of - foreigh country come on board, the marine guard get in line. There are n so many rolls of the drum, and present s arms. The most popular and finest . show of honor is in manning the y yards. Every yard, mast and ships - side, is covered with seamen, and t three cheers given, a waving pf caps e throughout. In the days' before Commodore Foote, splicing the main e brace, followed great occasions- e such as maning the yards. Splicing the main brace consisted in issuing a s ration of "grog." Until 'G62 two rations f of "grog" were issued daily in the ,fnavy, in the morning and at noon d time, and in the army to fatigue or o working parties. Gunners mates look t after the ordnances, ordnance stores t and gun gedr, under the supervision of the gunner, who is a warrant of ,t ficer. The magazines are in the gun r ners sharge, and yon . generally find o the gunner a very smart man, who - thoroughly understands his duties, y and performs them beyond guestion e ing. The sailmaker's mates attend to mending sails and making tarpaulins I, or such other duties as may be re .1 quired. The carpenter's mates do all 1 the wood work, look to the pumps, s and see if any water of leak is 'round. f The master at arms, oftener called a "Jimnny legs," keeps the lower decks - clear and clean; searches all persons s coming on board ship, suspected or t likely to smuggle liquor, and places z the prison on board ship. In this work he is assisted by a ship's corpor all offenders in irons orin the brig. ie. a!l, also a sailor. Should a case arise where the master-at-arms is defied, or his authority resisted, the marines come to his assistance. The marines are a distinct and separate body of men, from the army and navy and may well be designated police at sea. Few commanders like to go to sea without the marine guardZ They guard the magazine, officers quarters, prisoners, and to prevent smoking, or any lights forbidden or prohibited. In case of fire they guard the boats. No boat can be taken or apjperched without an order from the e~euutivo officer: In case of war, they mnaw the' heavy guns, and act as sharpshootcrs. The headquarters are at Washington, convenient to the navy-yard. The entire force numbering about 2,000 men. The ranking officers and staff officers reside in Washington. They have barracks at Brooklyn, New York, Boston, Portsmouth, Philadelphia and Mare Island,. California. The shore duty of the marines con sist in grading the navy-yards and government property.. They receive same pay as soldiers in the army, and are under the authority of the navy department. They are subject to be sent slnywhere, at atny moment to serve on land or on sea. A battalion of marines, supported _Griffin's bat tery at the first "Bull Run." and were good targets for the enemy, on ac count of the white cross belts, now entirely out of use. The firemen And coal passers are under control of the engineers, class as chief, 1st assistant, 2d assistant, etc. Assistant engineers are not- comreissioneo:.e ers. The paymaster iasues rationsand clothing has a clerk, and assistant pays officers and men, and of spplies inalea open purchase, subject the ptain or superior officer. The kedical officer and distant are gentlemen and in every ease commissioned. There are no =a g assistant surgeons, : or con tract doctors, as in the army. Masters, mates,o cppeter, gunner, 4a see to it, that all under their control does the same. The most active, diligent and perhaps the ablest officer on a war ship is the executive officer. Nothing can go wrong without his knowing it, even to the minutest de tail He is nest to the commander, the most responsible. He holds the - same relation to his chief, a chief of staff does in the army to the geheral. In baittle he displays all those at tainments for which our naval com imanders are conspicuous, IHe has the crew well instructed to do every thing that onghlat to be done--in a given case-and do it well. At the I sound of the gong or drum, every man is at his station, and in his place. There is no appar.nt hlrry or ex citoment and but few words spoken. iA motion of the hand do:Ž3 all the I talking. There is no address or stir -ring appeal m:vao as is sominties in the army. It is an understood thing Ithat every man will do his leoel best, more he cannot do. (CO ,CL DED NEXT \%i i.) The Sweet-Grass Murder. Ben. Short arrived in the city last evening from the Sweet- Grass bills, bringing report of one of the most horrible murders in the criminal an nals of Montana, which took place at the camp on the 10th. From what we can learn, F. T. McPartlan and a man nmamed Moley became. involved in a dispute in regard to Rhode Is Sland-its size, boundaries, or some thing of the kind. Both hailed from that state and stoutly held to differ ent views on the subject under dis cussion. Finally McPartlan drew an outline of the little state, and when Moley questioned its accuracy, the former commenced the assault with a knife, stabbing his victim in. the neck, arms, breast and abdomen. The stab in the neck severed the jug ular vein, and was sufficient in itself to have caused death. Thy wound in the abdomen was frightfal to look at, the bowels protruding. Short says it ! was the most horrible sight he ever wi' t:nessed. There were a nunber of witnesses to the assault, and the general opinion seems to be that the killing was un provoked. McPartlan was promptly arrested and put in irons, and a mes songer sent to Ft. Benton to notify the authorities. Deputy Sheriff Coatsworth went out this morning to bring the prisoner in, An inquest was held over the reimains of Moley and a verdict rendered in accordance with the facts. A few level-headed men in the camp saved fMcPartlan from being lynched. McPartlan was well known here. He was one of the first miners in the Maiden district and was one of the former owners of the Collarmine, and has herotof.re borne a fair reputation Of. Molev but little could be aseertain= ed. He was an oIdbunf whacker, hav ing worked for Ben. Short and others. On the return of: the deputy sheriff we will be enabled to give further par ticulars. The prisoner, withoutdoubt will be turned over to the United States authorities,, the crime having been eommitted on the Indian re servation.-River PreSs,. Trouble in the Hill In the Black Hills, near Jachson, 4eorge Vugn and another man were living in a cabin. Lucas Seper came there on the 2nd, to prospect Vayga thought Seper was going to boost him from the premises? loaded his gun, one barrel with buckshet and the other with rifle balls, and ahot Seper as he was sitting on a log- ten'feet. away, with the buckshot;: the other barrel he fired at his ~partner, breaking his leg. Seper died i tantly. At mid night a day after, Vxga' was taken out and hanged by tFe aitizenS of Drytown. In The Show Business.. Thomas,King, an old froritier~isw is on a mountain tributary of tha Yellowstone, capturing and training mountain lions for Eastern menag eries. King is an old and suceeifnl hand at the hazardous empyen following it in the Black: Vhil years ago. He says there is a heavy de mand for his wares, and they bring large prices. A Big ;heme. S. P. Largi, in the iniests of a heavy Pennsylvania cattle, and lan company has begun a serie of extet ivedithes, coveri thosad acres of the rich. bottoms of Baver Creek, 4wenty-five ,m o oif Lander, Wyornin g: Tom' h are rear the reeert srirveey o the North 1GREAT FALt9 TRIBDNE. WEEKLY TRIBUNE, PL*BI.5ED ZWM r RATVrDAY nr THE TRIUN PUI-dIIllU CO9AiY, ADVEaIRT8sING IATES FURN tUIED OA=l PIUCATION. Subscribers desiring their addrssa cha~igrd must send their former addrees; this should be remembered. Address, TPurnei POmALs.ro Co. WASHINGTON LETTER, [From our RegularCoffespritdent. WAsaigTOt, May 7, 6 While the country is shocked by the news of the bloody strikes in diffetent western cities, "All is quetalong the Potomac." Washington is~indeed £ quiet city considernng that it in itself the scene of a strike. There ao bfe seen on the streets knots o wh-ýso bearing and dress sta as workingmen, and thefact are so iissembled indeates are on a strike. T here seem t n w med T n's of the week in conge.rave not been so interesting in character as usual, or perhaps i should say that events in onigression al committee rooms have been more interesting than those in the house and senate. There was a little sensa .tion in the house judiciary committee room while the anti-polygamy bill was being considered. Judge Baskiin who is representing the Gentiles of Utah in advocacy of the bill, is a re markably impressive old gentleman.. It was through his efforts that the Mountain Meadow massacre of of settlers was traced to its perpetra tors twenty years after its occurrence, and his experiences in Utah have teen varied and thrilling. He read to the committee the affidavit of a young: English woman who stated that she. had been converted to Mortnonism by her lover, who came to this cosntry. and ieturned to England as a, .br mon missionary finally bringine- her-' back here with him. After entering; the Mormon church and marrying ac- cording to the Mormon mode she dis covered that her marriage was a po, lygamous one. Upon this discovery. she made .revelatins and gave de-. scriptions that weorrrevolting in chap- acter. At the conclusion of his rs. marks, the judge pointed to a hand- some young wduaii" sitting: by the. side of Miss Kate Field, aid anapune ed that she was the victim to: whom: he alluded and that she was ready to, undergo cross-examination and verify the statements. SAfter ten day's discussion the son F ate passed the post office appropraI > tion bill, together with the amend Swment appropriation e800,(01 for subý i sidies to American v -sesl fcer l - 3 itig the mails. Senator Pltmbi of. I Kans., referring to the opposition of 1 the Southern senators to the ubsidyt amendment, took occasion to remark that the South was behind the times. It responded, he said, to the wishes and principles inculcated by Calhoon,. enforced by Taucey and representedi today by Jefferson.Davis,. Senator Morgan of Alabama- hero Sinterposed tor.omment upon~ the um fairness of this class of argument. HEf |complained that it was made at: so, late a stage of the debate that the Southern men could have no tinme to reply to it. As for .i~elf,- e'ery name mentioned by the sienr fron Kansas was conse tted in- lie mem ory as the nam' of an lhobo be and . greit man. He hoped the state ofE · Kansas might sometime produce sues Sa chesacter as Mr. Calhoon, Mr. Taue. ey or Mr: Davis. Mr. Plumb answer ed that the Smith was today taking up the song where it left off in 1861,. : and herenticised the course of sena tors who .would ask for :illions to'a impove the Missississippi foreom.meree" but were notwilling to vote aything to develope commercef.romr .flautb of the. Msissippi to other'ldi Certain society ciralesli hve bee la*n - initerested4 ini* event which has jast takesi place in connection. with the fasmilyeof Coll eiome Bonn- pare, whi~rsesin this city, and who m a great niphew, .€you may remember,. of the 1st. Napo:lee On Wednezday. gCol. Bonaparte's stepdaughter,.M..-.. EIdar, aged frect,-who teool tile 'whiste w yaivg &year fok the blookz veil and the'pempetbal vows of& aian +. -poverty4, -'istity, nd obed ' a. She will be knowniiet h r religion,.is sister Mary de Sale.. The you' girl's action was a surprise to many.-, Not only was she i muJc aimired iw fashiornable drcles, but her sround ings have always been most attrastre - andlher athome on '-K" street is one tl aeldsomest in thecity. Sle nev er had any dnesm for societ, how ever, and since she left school has been disposed to be a reluse in her elegant abode. Idy r 2Ilr4iak q