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GREAT FALLS TIIBBUNE.
PUELI.-ED BYD TIE Tribune Publishing Company. [Ifcosron~TrD In the grand fifteen million appro priation for the improvement of rivers and harbors, Montanar gets a beggarly $25,000. Benjamin Kimball and Darwin E. Ware, two wealthy mugwump law yers, have bought a. controlling inter est in the Boston Post. The west and novthwcst is getting a severe shaking up this spring by tornadoes. Kansas City was visited last week by a storm which destroyed quite a number of lives, and over 00,000 worth of property. The Utah & Northern doesn't pro pose to be idle while the Northern Pacific and the Montana Central are busy tapping the rich resources of this territory. The engineers of the company are headed for the Big Hole basin by the way of Bitter Root val ley. Montana has such resources in sight that all of the railroads are leaching out for the traflic.-Indepen dent. "A wail from the east" says the St. Paul Globe. Eastern uapers, partic ularly those of Pennsylvania, are sending up a cry of alarm over the exodus which is taking place from that state to Dakota and other por tions of the west. Within a week, it is stated, nearly 150 families have left four of the interior counties for Montana, and more are expected to follow. Governor West, Utah's new execu tive, had his first set-to with the Mor mons recently, and he received a hard tap on the nose as the result He had heard a great deal about the Mormon cry of persecution, and con cluded he would test the truth of it. Accordingly he called at the Peniten tiary and asked Elder Snow if he and his brothers would obey the laws of the land if pardoned for their past violation of the unlawful cohabitation laws. The reply was: "We are fol lowing the dictation of God and can not give way to the laws of man." That settles their chances of clemency and they will now remain in confine ment and serve out their full sen tences. A Helena special telegram says: General Manager Oakes, of the North ern Pacific, left this morning for the east. Gen. Anderson, chief engineer, left with the commissioners to pass upon the Cascade division at noon. C. B. Wright is at Butte today. Maj. Rogers, of the Canadian Pacific, is here after having passed over the route of the proposed branch from Maple river to Benton, to catch onto the cattle haul of Northern Montana, especially from the Musselshell and Sun River country. While here Mr. Oaks ad mitted that he expected the advent not only of the Montana Central, but of the Canadian Pacific and the Northwestern as well, and said the Northern Pacific would take whatever action may be necessary to hold its share of the field. In making his budget speech, Pre mier Norquay stated his intention of moving at an early date for a special committee of the house to consider the Hudson's Bay railway scheme, with a view of aiding it and devising some means of securing its construct ion. He believed he was in a position to lay much information before the committee regarding the scheme as would place it in an acceptable light to the people. He estimated that a vote would be taken on the question before any definite legislation was passed. His scheme is understood t be to have a plebiscit before a bile which he proposes introducing, to give such assistance to the road as will secure its construction, passes the house. If it meets with public ap proval, he will make it the main plank in his platform at thecomingelection. St. Paul and Minneapolis are en thusiastic over the probable Euccess of their live stock market project. They have the support and well wishes of the stockmen of the North west ranges, and if they fail to make a c mnection it will be their own fault. President A. B. Stickney has the fol lowing to say of the scheme: "Every thing looks very favorable for the success of our plans, and immediate steps will be taken to put them into effect at once.- We have incorporated our company, and that organization will at once proceed to build a new stock yard in West St. Paul, a two story brick barn 300X600, for the ac commodation of cattle. It will be the largest structure of its kind in the northwest, and be capable of contain ing 3,000 steers. We will fill it with cattle this fall from the Montana ranges and feed them all winter. This action Will place us in the position to sell "feeders" to the farmxers this fall with the agreement" to buy them back in the spring. Our plans are fairly perfected and will he carried out without delay. I think that, within a very few days, another cor-. pany will be organized tokujild- -just such another barn as o nrsind to do velQp the same plans.' iHISTORY OF THE EIGHT-liOUi MOVE MENT IN AMERICA. The history of the movement for a shorter day's work in this country is thus given by Iradstreet's: "Agita tion began about 1825," and the first decided victory was secured in 1840, wiwhl' President Van Buron 'proclaim 'ed' the ten-hour day. Gradually this became the custom in the building trade, and, considering industry all in all in this country, that is about the average length today. Massachusetts and I.hode Island are the only states which have a compulsory ten-hour law for factories; but many other states have poesed eight and ten hour laws, I simply declaring, butanot compelling. Ii By President Grant's proclamation in r 188, and by the Act of Congress soon following, the eight-hour day was or dered for all the Government yards and workshops, and, with some ex ceptions, this has been theoretically the rule. "The advocates of an eight-hour day can make a strong point by de monstrating the ever increasing pow. or of steam and its progressive sub stitution for hand labor. The Eng lish statistician Mulhall, in his recent ly published work on the 'History of Prices,' makes aonumber of generaliz ations which are full of force in this connection. Taking the working hours of Europe and the United States, he shows that while population since 1850. has -risen 34 per cent., working-power has increased 105 per t cent., and as a consequence of this five men can now accomplish as much r as six in 1870 or eight in 1850. It is also stated that the world's steam power is now five and a half times what it was in 1850, and has nearly doubled since 1870. It is such facts as these that the labor organizations are now utilizing in claiming that an eight-hour day would create a demand for one-fifth more labor, and thus bring back into the field of labor the hundreds of thousands who are now idle. It is not thought that a reduc tion from ten hours to eight would result in an equal production with the same number of operatives as as the case in the decrease from twelve to ten. It is not probable that the body is overworked, as a rule, at the pres ent time. It is thus seen that the movement is an old one with a new _ face, and that its consideration in volves other elements than have en tered into the case in time past." A NEW DEPARTURE. The Northern Pacific officials are in correspondence with Gen. Hazen, of the signal service bureau, looking to the introduction of a weather signals service along their line of road. The idea is to divide the line into divis ions, according to the ideas of the sig nal service bureau, and keep the peo ple posted as to the weather at these different points by means of the teie graph sand signals which will be plac ed on the cars of the company's trains. These signals will be somewhat simi lar to those used by Observer' Lyons at St. Paul, and will be made of tin. They will be changed at each division point, so that people along the line can tell the nature of the weather at the division point east or westof them at the time the train passed that point. The signals will be of great service to farmers living along the line, as they will not only tell them what the weather was at the point next to them bvt also what the indications are for the twelve or twenty-four hours suc ceeding.-Pioneer Press. Hereford Cattle. The Hereford cattle get their name from the county in England in which they originated. They are the prize fat beef cattle of England. They and the Devons are the oldest known reeds of domesticated cattle. Their flesh is evenly distributed in streaks of red and white of the fat and lean. They are the nearest solid beef, with out waste, of any bovines in existence. Nature seems even to have grudged them logs in her desire to make meet of them, They have been bred to beef for centuries and there is less waste in them for beef than there uis in the Shorthorns. They are not great milkers in themselves, but when cross ed with our native cows make useful dairy and farm animals. Crossed with Shorthorns they would make very fine general purpose cattle. The Herefords wereintroduced into this country half a century or more ago, and they are now scattered into most parts of it. Whenever you see a dark-red cow with a white face and a white stripe down the back, that cow has Hereford. They are patient, good-natured animals, and steers make valuable oxen, are popular in the West and make a greatly im proved cross with the wild Texas cat tie. They are one of the best breeds for this purpose. The Herefords are regular show cattle at western exhibi tions, and take many 1prizes. There is really no more valuable beef ani mals than they. The bull's deep brisket descends in a solid weight of beef well nigh to the ground. .h adstreets' Report. Spepal telegrams to EBradstreots in dic tathat the ageneral tradesituatio is less fiaverabl than a week agoes This is due mainly t the partial par t alysis of business in Chicago, as well as to the disturbed industrial situa tion at Milwaukee, Cincinnati, St. z Louis, Baltimore and elsewhere. At s Chicago no businessi of a wholesale - character worth mentioning has bsen done, and merchants generally are awaiting the settlement of the labor troubles. A noteworthy incident is the determination of the Chicago met al furniture works and lumber yards 1 employers to shut down rather than to accede to what they regard as an just demands. Telegraphic reports indicate that 325,000 men have taken part in the eight-hour movements, that 175,000 have struck, and that 150,000 have received concessions without having to strike. Some 35, 000 have gained their ends by striking. the outlook for an early or general - clearing away of industrial disturb ances is not bright. A Dead John. The body of an unburied China man who had died on his way up the river and was brought back to Salmon City, Idaho, by his countrymen and fellow travelers, was stolen from the cemeteiry there. The sheriff and lead ing citizens made great efforts to re cover it while many considered the matter a joke. Finally the body was found in the brush two miles southof town, bycthe aid of hunting dogs, and hurried in the usual way. 1 ---+-- - Huamming birds are being success fully raised in captivity in California. The much-heralded Thackary car nival at Boston last week was a com plete fizzle. A North Carolina man recently elop ed with his wife's two sisters, and is now living with them. The barb wire manufacturers are trying to form a pool to handle all the products and divide the profits. A bill in the New York legislature prohibiting liquor selling in the capi tol restaurant is likely to become a - law. 1 Recorded real estate transactions at Kansas City one day last week ag gregated $651,000, the largest on rec > ord. The slow sailing vessels are again reappearing as carriers of tea to Lon don owing to the high rates of steamers. -Jesse Edwards has recently been ac quitted in a Georgia court of the al leged murder of his wife thirty-two years ago. The war ships Tennessee, Brooklyn, Galena, Swatara and Yantic sailed from Key West for New York last week. Edwin Stuart, son of Gen. Edwin A. Stewart, U. S. A., had his skull fractured recently by being thrown from a horse near Wigham, Colo. T. B. Ltimer, a prominent mom ber of the New York petroleum and - mining exchanges, committed suicide by shooting Unknown dynamiters caused a $13 000 fire at Laurel. Ind. Insurance $7.000. The place was nearly destroy ed by fire recently. Notwithstanding the great floods in MIassachusetts this spring, the death rate for April was far below the aver age for the month. There is said to be a band of sixty anarchists in Massachusetts awaiting an order to make an outbreak similar to that in Chicago. George Hesserich, a barber at Mem phis, Tenn., has, by the death of an uncle in Brazil, fallen heir to an es tate valued at $5,000,000. The ravages of sea lions and porpois es in the Western salmon streams is so great this year it is proposed to offer a bounty for their scalps. The leaders of Boston culture have determined to rebuke the aristocracy of Washington by tendering a recep tion to Fred Douglass and wife. The first steel rails ever made in the South from southern made steel were turned out at Chattanooga last week, and were a splendid success. Tennesseeans are urging the ap pointment of Col. Felix A. Reeves of Tennessee as judge advocate general of the army, in place of Gen. Swaim. The American refinery of SanF ran cisco last week reduced the price of all sugars a quarter of a cent, making them the same as those of the Cali fornia refinery. The Walker (Ala.) county court house has been destroyed by fire twice within eighteen months. It is believ ed someone is trying to destroy all record of rand titles. The bill before the New York legis lature to provide a humane mode of putting murderers to death appoints a commission to ascertain what meth od is more agreeable than hanging. They are authorized to examine witnesses. F. H. Walker, the ex-statistician of the New York produce exchange, says the decrease of wheat seeding in England is not over 10 per cent, in- ' stead of 25 or 30 as has been stated. The average acreage given to wheat l raising from 1867 to 187. was-3836,- i 890 acres, but there has been a grad- i si falling off every year since tben, i and last =year only 'A253,0)2 we. 1 were tip~ what, a lEWS OF THE WOELD.. Copper ore has been found in Knox county, Neb. The English sparrow, has made its appearance in Californiaj The busijpess portion of Pataskala, Ohio, was wipedout by fire last week. It cost Kansas $3~500a for military service during the recent strike at Parsons. It is generally believed in Wash ington that Congress will adjourn about July 1st. Illinois will vote this fall for a state treasurer and a state superintendent of schools. Louisville society is.excited over a great fight arranged for between a one-eyed dog and a coon. Thirteen towns in Maine at the[ spring election'abolished the district system of schools. There are four hundred liquor saloons in Lowell, Mass., and only twenty-four bakeries. Omaha receives $1,5000 a month from licenses granted to keepers of houses of ill repute. Farmers in southern Nebraska are selling their corn in. the field for 10 cents a bushel. Black diphtheria is raging with terrible violence at Big Rapids, Mich. Every case proves fatal. Al J. Stuart, a pugilist of consider able note on the Pacific coast, com mitted suicide at San Francisco. The Boston & Albany railroad has a circulating library of two thousand volumes free to its employes. The first arbor day in Manitoba was generally observed throughout the province as a semi-holiday. One hundred and forty medical students at the university of Vermont have boycotted an obnoxious professor. Dr. James S. Mackenzie, one of the best known physicians in the United States, died at Baltimore of heart disease. German war vessels have been or dered to the North sea to protect Ger man fisheries against Englishmen who take unfair advantages. An incendiary started a fire in the Madison streei theatre, Chicago, Wed nesday night, which was extinguished after a trifling loss. John Boynton Hill, who drafted the original Maine liquor law and wrote histories of Mason and Old Dunstable died at Temple, N. H., recently, at ihe age of ninety. A syndicate repressnted by Socre tsry of State Timme of Wisconsin has bought the the Valley iron mine in I Northern Michigan, peying $150.000 for the property. There were 3,000 volumes in the library of Congressmen Hewitt recent '- ly destroyed by fire. Het intended d giving them to Co.ýer institute as a le special library. Wyoming lakes are so charged with 3- soda that it accumulates in great e quantties around the edges, whence it is hauled away and worked into commercial forms. During a violent wind storm a Mr. and Mrs. Jackson and their babe were smothered to death under a tent at a camp meeting in Johnson county, Y Kan. Many others were injured. g Minnie Wallace, a handsome young singer in Stetson's Milkado company died at Boston of self-inflicted injur ies. She died refusing to reveal the name of her seducer. While the supervisers were investi gating the management of the San Francisco house of correction, six des ° perate prisoners cut a hole through r the walls and escaped. The Ohio treasury is bankrupt, asa e result of democratic extravagance and mismanagemert, and it is probable the state's paper will go to protest be-. fore the June taxes are collected. 1 Providence, R. L, liquor dealers and t others have petitioned the supreme court to abrogate the constitutional amendment prohibiting the sale of liquors, claiming the amendment was not legally adopted. Dr. Ameden of Glenn's Falls, N. Y. who has been experimenting with rat tlesnake venom as a remedy for lock jaw, thinks it will also prove efficaci ous in rabies. Chief Mangus, one of the Apache Indians, has been missed during the recent raid, and is believed to have been killed while attacking a ranch some time ago. The Reading (Pa.) News, one of the most influential-Democrat newspapers in the state, has permanently suspend ed, the owner declining to advance 20. per cent. as demanded by the em ployes. - Owing to reports sent home by Swiss women converted to Mormon ism, the missionaries in Switzerland are being attacked right and left. Many of them have fled te~` country and others are prepari a t follo Mrs. BttieBruce, in jail shall, M., for infanticide, sheriff with a list of. - wifl whomii mnate, and James D. Smith has been elected president of the Now York stock er change. Barnumu has presented oe of Juzr be's tusak to the Conneticut Historical society. Atlanta and Now Orleans are- try ing to secure a fast mai from Wash ington and New York. Eight hundred buildings have been erected in San Diego, Cal, during the past six ~pnths. The annual convention of the Illi nois State Dential society began at Rock Island last week. The shipment of gold from the mint at Qhrlette, N. C this year, is larger than at any time since 1854. A printer at Chicago was so freight ened during his initation into the order of Forresters that he has since died. Pennsylvania cattle men are ditch ing thousands of acres of land in Wyoming and will open up a mamoth ranch. A tornado struck Leavenworth, Kan., recently, and did an immense amount of damage to property. No one was killed, but one man was dan gerously hurt. A sharp swindler is victimizing Illi nois politicians by means of bogus drafts by pretending to be Eugene Field, the Chicago humorist Er-Senator Conkling has gotten over his aversion to reporters, and re cently sent a $20 subscription to the cemetery fund of the press club. Postmaster Taylor of Mount Holly, Pa., was arrested, charged with de stroying the commission of his suc cessor. Rev. W. M. Kinsley and family, at Alliance, Ohio, were poisoned by eat ing boiled rhubarb leaves. Mrs. Kin sley is dead, but the others may re cover. NOTICE OF FINAL ENTRY. LAND OFFCE ASI HELENA MONT., l April 26, 1895. Notice is hereby given that the following nam ed settler has filed, notice of his intention to make final proof in support of his claim, and that said proof will be made before Charles Spen cer, Probate Judge at'Fort Benton Montana, on June 7, 1886, viz: Herbert O. Chowen who made Preemption D -S. 6789 for the NEi of Sec. 20, N Range 4 E. He names the following witnesses to prove his continuous residence upon, and cultivation of, said land, viz: Wordon P. Wren, Phillip Gibson. and Silas Beachly of Great Falls, Montana, and Alford B. Keeler, Fort Benton, Montana. 8. W. LAnooaGnE, Register. Notice of Final Proof. LAND OFFicz AT HELENA MONT. March 25 1886. 5 Notice is herebY given that the following nam ed'settler has f~id notice of his intention to make final proof in support of his claim, and that said proof wiil hbe made before George E. Hay. Notary Public at Great Falls Montana, on May 8S, 1886, viz: Thomas C. Clines who made Predmption D. S. 6985 for tho N W 1-4 Sec 21, Tp 2 N tange 4 E. He names the following witnesses to prove his continuonus residence upon, and cultivation of, said land, viz: Joseph Hamilton, John Eaton, Jonathan Goon and Paul Rumsey, all of Great Falls Mont. L. W. LAWOROBN. Register. Notice of Final Proof. gnd Office at Helenl Montana r May 3,18.. Notice is hereby given that James Travis as administrator of the estate of Philemon Travis, deceased, has filed notice of his intention to make final proof in support of his claim, and that said proof will be made before the Register and Receiver of the U. S. Land office at Helens, Montana, M T, on Friday July2,1888, viz: Phele emon Tranriwho in his life time made Home stead application No.1497 for the N% of SEL and 8 i of NEt Sec2, Tp 18, N R 1E. And the said Ad * ministrator names the following witnesses to prove continuous residence upon, and cultivation o of said land, viz: John B. Taylor Charles L. Johnson, John B. Beam of Gorham. Meagher co. Mont., and William Bickett of ifelena Lewis & Clarke co. Mont. r. 8. W. L.A.Gonaeu.. Register. Notice of Contest--Timber Culture LAND OrFFiC AT HELmEA, M. T, March 27,1.i6. Complaint having been entered at this office by Frank 8. Hyde spinst John W. Reed for fail ure to comply with the law as to Timber-Cul ture Entry No. 746 dated August 13, 1883. upon the Lots 3, , 5, 6 Sec 22, Township 19 N, Range 3 ,E, in Meagher County, Montana, with a view to the cancellation of said entry; contestant alleging that said JohnW. Reed has not complied with the requirments offthe Timber Culture law, and e has not broken any part thereof. The said par ties are hereby summoned to appear at this otaice on the 15 day of May 18886, at 10 o'clock a. m., to respond and furnish testimony concerning said - alleged failure Testimony in said esse to be taken before Wili Hanks Notary Public at Great Falls, Montana, on the 8th day of May, 1868. 8. W. Laoxoaonz. Register. Notice of Final Proof. LAnD Orvci AT HELENA, MONT., t March 23 188. Notice is hereby given that the following named settler has filed notice of his intention to make final proof in support of his claim, and Bthat said proof will be made before the Register and Receiver at Helena Mont. on Monday, May 8 1886. viz: Jame NTravis D. . 57871 for the of 81E-4of SeandJ of N.l-4of aee 10 Tp 18 N, Bange . E. He names the following witesse to prove his ontinuous resiteao i upon, and cultivation of, said land, vi: John B. Ta lor and Wi. Bickett. of Helena, e Mont., and Carles Johnson and John B. Beam, of Gorham, Meagher co. Mont. S. W. LnoonE, Register. Notice of Final Proof . Lain Onin A HELENA MNT., April 1,1880. f Notice is hereby sen that the oll -i named settler has fled notice ef his intention make find.lproof in support cf this claim and that srd P oof will be made before Will Hanks Notary Publicat Great Falls 3 T~ n May 17 18 vI: AlbertJ, Buy who made Homestead aplication No. 274 forthe Lots 1 and 2, E.%: .W34, Se. 1Tp. 38, N. Bange IE. He names the following witnsses te prove his continuous residence upon, and cultivation of. saidland, vi: Christopher Dickinson, Herbert O.Chowen George D. Budington and John H. Fairfield all of great Falls, Mont. B. W. LAIeoaEN. Register. Notiee of Final Proof. LANpOyrpic AT HELENA, Mown., April 1st, 1886. s to make final roof in oupfrt ~ohi clahm, and that sid profwll be made before Wilt Hank [ Notary Iubiic, Choteas county, Meiont nf Great Falls. Montana, on May 17,1886, via: Ale ander K. Ogilvie, who made Pramption DBi No. 881 for theoWi, secsl, to I N. R 43.v He na.metheo owing witneeses to prove his continuous residece pon, and cultivatitle of., said land, via: James Walker. Jame Eastman 4 Paul Inussy and George F,. ield, all of Great Farls, Montana. 8. w . LAseoon, Register. S orice of Final Entry. to mareke "firnal pro t .tsclait and= that eaid proof of Register slid: ver at Helena, Montana, on alu a, is 'YR en ~1~W~afso ~.~ ~ 2Utkeiatr E~~i McKay Brothers, -Brick Makers, Contractors and Builders. Wholesale and Retail Dealers in Brick, Stone, Lime & General BUILDING MATERIAL. Great Falls, - - Montana Beachley Bros. & Hickory, General News Dealers and Statoners. Canies, Ntas, Taa;, ClLars and Smoters' ArticleL Prices to Suit the Times. GREAT FALLS, MONT Great Falls Blacksmith Shop, WM. J. PRATT, PROP. BlLACKSMITlINAG AB) REPAIRI OF ALL KINDl I am prepared to do any class of work in my line, and in a most thorough & workmanlike manner. All work done on short notice. ALL DISEASES OF IIHE FEET TREAT1D SUCCESSFllY. Livery, Draft and Mule Shoeing. Wm. Warner, PROPRIETOR Great Falls Hotel, Boarding by the Day or Week Livery & Feed Stable in Connection CHARGES REASONABLE. GREAT FALLS MEAT MAEKET MYERS & DICKINSON, Proprietors. WXT1lesale and detail ealer IN BEEF, PORK, MUTTON, SAUSAGE, ETC., ETC. YOUR PATRONAGE SOLICITED. Warner's Independent: Stage and ExpressýLine to Agusta, Choteau, Sun Ricer,UIidia and Great Falls. Connecting at Great Falls withy Dexter's Express for Benton & Neihart. & Lower Rates, Faster Time, Better Accommodation No Night BidipR, Leave Helona every Sunday a.m I .Leave Great Falls every Thursday Arrive at Greiat Flls Monday I Arrive at Helena Friday. Special Iducements to Commercial Men. g PARIS GIBSON. T. e)l.6 810 ATTENTION WOOLMEN! t 'Two-Year Old Delaine ertrhes Rams from the celebrated io es of Gee. Campbell's Sons, of Verr montl These rams will be here by say`lst. and will therefore be in exeellest condition for the euinl season. They are especially adapted for thbi climate and are noted for tieir St.es sa hardihood. We will sell these rams at a very low figre and we invite your early inspeCtisa of them. Prompt attention given to cortespondenee. For further particalars Address PARIS GIBSON & SON, Great Falls, Momtana. PATRONIZE HOME INDUSTRY. -Watches, Clock and Jewelry repairing and Cleaning. r SATISFACTION GUARANTEED and all WORK WARRANTED. STHOMAS ROSE, ' Sun River, - . . nt , John W. Power, , VietIrII First National Bank,I Kohw. . o .o". OF FT. BENTON. E. G. Maclay, - C..hi.. DIRECTORS S. T. Hai er:T, Poe. w, W.O. onrad, J. W. Por,. C.0o., I F. Atkl eon, ii.,l. Ford,T. A.Cumminbg].. M., Iacl - Higgins Hoiuse AR FALLS,- - I1ONTAA i - IIII.,i H. . HIGGINS,? ROP. Largest and Best Mtel in the City, U1t fA. Ufl ABREB MA Era iio