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GRIEAT FALLS TRIBUNE.
WEEKLY TRIBUNE, PUBLiASEl EYBRY S.\TUI)DAY BY THE TRIBUNE PUBLISHING COMPANY, [INCOiLpOBAT D) ADVERTISINJ RA'TES FURNISHIED ON AP PLICATIO)N. SUBSCRIPTION RATES One cu.py 1 year, tin advanc~) ..............3. 'I One copy 6 mon ... ..................1 One copy 3 months ....................... . Sp.:iman cop ....................... 10 Strictly in adv:unre. The ei,culation of tihe Tl'i unNE in Northern Mlontana ia guarant~led to exceed that of any pa per published in the tarritory. Suh.crib.rlrs dli.ing their address rchang.d must setnd their for.L'i" address; this should be remnelm b ertud. Address, TrIBtU'E PUi.tSIItmNO (CO. SATURDAY. AUGUST 7, 18:s3i. ANNOUNCEMENTS. Political t nnonn,'llnt. wi'l he insrtri.d un d-r titis hwad from t:.w antiH the conv,,nti,tns meet for -:5 . '3Lth n.ol.tt nc-. m a.ney the order, otherwis: t.ry wtli n.t pt- ar. FOR ASSESSOR. I herth)y : nnunce m3v-: '.f as candidate for A, s.esor of C(htetu c.ty, subj,Ict to the action of the Cuntv .L ocrati r .l. ll'' r -ttion. A. B. HAMILTON. SixTY thousand dollars has been appropriated for the improvement of the upper Missouri. Probably we ought to b> thankful for small fa vors. \WE are glad to observe that the boys are really taking hold of the Fire company project, in earnest. Volunteers are called for. Sing out your names. THE Helena Independent is splen didly edited and progressively man aged. An able correspondent was de tailed from the staff to write up the different towns in Montana, solicit subscribers and arrange for prompt delivery of papers. In this he ad nmirably succeeded. We are glad to see enterpr:.se appreciated as is that of the In !,pendlent. In nothing is a liberal policy so prolific of good re sults as in the broad field of journal BRAD.STREET'S weekly report of the business situationt is not particularly cheerful. Business is generally dull tl:hi tune of y:ear. Every one is waiting with bate,! breath for the re sult of harvesting. The great wheat fields of Minnesota and Dakota will furnish better crops than anticipated. There is certainly a basis for hopes of business activity this fall. The build ing statistics furnished by Brad street's, covering twenty-five citiOs. a exhibit better le.ult than was looked for during the labor troubles of the spring. The aggregate exceeding last year's figures so far, but falling behind the record of 1884. The labor troubles had. however, a very deterrent influ ence upon building operations in Chicago and ctl)r cities where the strikes were most active. THE long looked for associate judge Las been sent us. or rather, been rais cl in our midst. Ju:ig: Bach is pro nounced by competent authority to be thoroughly competent in temp-era ,Ient, education and experience, to fill the high position to which he has been called. We commend this policy of appointing judges from the territo ry, the interests of which are so largely affected'by the judiciary de partment. Eastern politicians are always trying to pension their worth less relations with some territorial office. These parasites too often bring to the west a small capital of anything except conceit. Just now is the period during which precedents are to be established which will be hold up in the important cases of the future. The judges in old states can decide largely from the compiled de ei sions of their predecessors. The territorial judge must make the laws for the future. THE Dakota papers are still full of reports about that sea serpent in Lake Kampeska. This terror in spiring monster was first discovered and introduced to the imaginations of the credulous by an excursion party. We have been on excursions in Dako ta ourselves and are therefore quali fied to testify to the truth of the state rent that the serpent was seen. That don't signify its material existence. After imbiding a few drinks of that home-made, imported 1864 old rye ,one can see anything. One swallow may not ordinarily make a sulmmer but half a swallow of that Dakota ,beverage will make a whole lake full of infernal reptiles. Thei discoverers were fortunate in being able to leave the horrible denizen of Kamnpeska in its native waters. We have known men who carried those phantoms home with them from Dakota, ate. drank, walked and slept with them for days weeks and months. Beware of Dakota "booze" and the "see" ser pents will disappear. TIIE FATAL SIN OF IILENESS. England recoils in fierce revolt be fore the utter shamne of the Dilke Crawford tri.j. No wonder. Her place among the people of the earth is lowered by the awful revealiments. This trial, together with the showings of the Pall Mall Gazette last year, ought to cureogirls of any desire to ally themselves with! England's upper classes. Of course those things do iot make out a general case; they are simply isolated instances, bat they are a reminder that for years England has nursed a particular class, and paid taxes to support them in idle ness, and has never impressed upon them, the absolute necessity of labor in order to create or preserve a race. These men living in idleness have simply ministered to their grosser de sires; their evil passions have grown with the food they have feasted upon, until the entire moral natures of many of them have been destroyed, and while they appear in public as sleek and smooth and high-born Britons, could the mask which they interpose between themselves and the world be withdrawn, leaving them revealed as they really are, they would be driven out from before the face of civiliza tion. The same results, no doubt, obtain in every land of Europe where there is a nobility; the same results will follow wherever in wealthy cen ters there exist a circle of young and old men, because of abnormal fortunes are given over to p)leasure. Old Rome went down to disgrace and slavery through just such practice. Greece, which was the France of the elder world, was shivered to atoms on that same shoal; there is no exception among the nations: when a majority of people become Dilkes and Craw fords, it is a sign that sentence of death against the people has been re corded, and that execution will speed ily follow. The remedy against it is to train men and women to toil, no matter how rich they may be or how favored; the thought to be impressed upon them is, that without labor they are worthless, and the richer they are the higher should be their incentive to become great by making lighter the burdens of their less fortunate fellow-men.-Salt Lake Tribune. THE INDIAN ('OMMISSIONERS. A canvass of citizens who are famil iar with the Indian situation and ac quainted with Messrs, Whipple and Larabee of the commission appointed by the secretary of the interior to treat with the Indians for a reduction of their reservations in this territory and elsewhere, say the selection as to these two members, could hardly have been better made outside of residents of the territory, in so far as our inter ests are concerned. Bishop Whipple is a friend of the red. man and is highly respected by them, but is fair minded and interested in the develop ment of the northwest. Perhaps he can accomplish more in reasoning with the redskins than almost any man who could have been placed on the commission. Mr. Larabee was formerly an army lieutenant, and walked into Helena from Corrinne, at the head of his company some years since, was stationed in the territory until he became familiar with its wants, and has since visited the terri tory. Mr. White was not known, per sonally, but one gentleman was found who vouched for his fairness, intelli gence and progressiveness. The gen eral feeling is that the commission will work to the end that the best general results possibly will be achieved. They should be cordially received and extended every courtesy and convenience, that their work may be simplified.-Independent. Eight members of congress have died during the present administra tion. REDUCING THE RED MAN'S PLAY GROUND. We certainly have reason to expect a wise solution of affairs now pending which point towards a reduction of the reservations. The commission recently appointed is made up of at least two gentlemen who ought to be posted upon the Indian question. We know of a certainty that the venerable Bishop Whipple is a man of broad views and with all his scholarly attainments is embued with good, hard western commmon sense. He has been the friend of friends to the red man but is not a sentimentalist. A residence of many years in Minnesota in early days when that state was the scene of Indian atrocities enabled the Bishop to learn their real character and their actual needs. Bishop Whipple is a progressive man who believes in fos tering laudable enterprises. A better selection for commissioner could not have been made. Mr. Larabee's long experience in Indian affairs ought to make him a fair minded, competent man. Mr. Wright was probably appointed on the same prin ciple that a juryman is selected. He must neither know of his own knowl edge or ever have read anything about the case. But if he is a broad mind ed man without prejudices (as a jury man should be) he too may prove to have been a wise selection. The commssion was appointed by the Secretary of the Interior under a provision contained in the Indian ap propriation act, approved May 25th, 1886, to negotiate with certain tribes and bands of Indians in Minnesota, Northern Montana, Dakota, Wash ington and Idaho for the reduction of existing reservations, and for the set tlement of other land matters. The commission is instructed to negotiate with the Chippewas in Min nesota for their removal and consoli dation and permanent establishment upon the White Earth reservation. This will include the Indians of Lake Winnebago, Leech lake, Mille Lacs, Fond du Lac, Grand Portage, Boise Fort and Deer Creek reservations. It is stated that the condition of all these tribes and bands is deplorable in the extreme, on account of the un productiveness of the lands of their present reservations, most of which is covered with pine timber, and in the case of the Lake Winnebago and Leech Lake reservations the construc tion of dams and reservoirs at the headwaters of the Mississippi by the government has induced disastrous overflows. Damages thus sustained will b considered in cennection with the negotiations. At the FORT BERTHOLD RESERVATION, In Dakota, the commmission will ar range for the purchase by the govern ment of a portion of the reservation. It is learned that these Indians have more land than they need, but have no money with which to purchase stock. From Fort Berthold the com mission will go to Northern Montana to negotiate with the Blackfeet, Pie gans, Gros Ventres, Assinaboines and River Crows for the purchase of a portion of their reservation, which contains about 22,000,000 acres, or about 10,000,000 acres, occording to their views of the Indian office, in ex cess of their needs; also to negotiate with the upper and middle bands of Spokane and Pen d'Oreilles, in Wash ington and Idaho territories, for their removal to the Colville, Joco or Cceur d'Alene reservations, with the con sent of the Indians on these reserva tions, and for the cession of the lands thus vacated to the government; and also to arrange with the Coeur d'Alene tribe fo the cession to the government of their lands outside the limits of their reservation. By the act of May 15, no agreement entered into by the commission with the Indians can take effect until ratified by congress, and according to the instructions furnish ed the commissioners the free and full consent of the Indians must be made a prerequisite to all negotiations and fair and just compensation must be given for every right transferred to the government. In regard to this matter Mr Atkins is reported to have said. "I believe that these Indians have been badly treated, and that the gov ernment owes them money which should have been paid long ago. They are suffering for the necessities of life, and my first step will be to re lieve their immediate distress. The $25,000 that congress has appropriat ed will be laid out only after a thorough investigation by the com mission. I believe that we have the best commission that could be secur ed for this Indian work. Judge John V. Wright is an honored citizen of my own state, who has been a lawyer and judge there for many years. He is a well-read man, of sound judgment, and will make a valuable member of the commission. Mr. Larrabee has been long connnected with the Indian bureau and knows the rights of the Indians under our laws and treaties as well as any person in the interior department. Bishop Whipple, who has kindly consented to serve on the commission, you of course know" AN AUTHORITY ON ANARCHISM. C. L. James, an alderman of Eau Claire, is an anarchist in theory and has been requested by A. R. Parsons, one of the Chicago anarchists on trial there, to go to Chicago and testify as to the theory of anarchism. He thinks the consideration of the theory by the jury may cause the practice to appear less terrible. Mr. James is reported to be a son of the English novelist, James, and a very shrewd and plausible advocate of his peculiar notions. In the North American Review for July he definees Anarchism. He says that to under stand the theory of Anarchism "it is necessary to make a careful distinct ion between possession and property. Possession is the power, right and privilege of using anything which is inseparable from man's life on earth. Property is the right to use or with hold from use, * * * and this right evidently is not natural but is derived from government, which, moreover, itself sprang from war, and under all its forms is designed pri marily to maintain by the military power the claim of property owners to withhold from use in order to exact a tribute. Hence the apothegm 'property is robbery."' "Anarchists," he says, "care little or nothing for the difference between democracy, repub licanism, aristocracy or monarchy." The essential thing is that under all these systems the rich employ the brave to maintain by force their meth od of robbing the poor and timid; and the important distinction between different phases of this robbery is n o political but economic." He traces briefly the history of labor from the condition of chattel slavery, down through the develop ment of machinery, the centralization of capital, the growth of monopolies, the crowding out of small manufact urers by large corporations, the de struction of technical skill, the in creasing frequency of periods of en forced idleness-all these things, he says, tend to increase the revolution ary discontent. The dangers which he claims to forsee have been averted, he says, and the catastrophe which is sure to fall upon the modern system of production for profit has been de layed by the extension of the market into new countries, but when this pro cess reaches an end it will fall. Anarchy, then, according to Mr. James is the inevitable end of the present tendency. "That only," he concludes, "is reform which antici pates in a less painful manner the work of revolution." We believe with the Minneapolis Journal that of the two, James is the more dangerous man, though Parsons is an inciter to murder and arson. Organized society, with all its coordi nate elements of the home and the family and the church and the school and every form of associated interest or corporative effort is in greater dan ger of being undermined by the per nicious theories of the Jamses than of being blown to pieces by the bombs of the Fieldens. The socialists, it is thought, insti gated the recent riots in Amsterdam. The total number of deaths resulting in twenty-seven. The czar has written to the sultan expressing amicable sentiments and trusting that their relations will al ways remain friendly. Imitation eggs filled with whisky are being smuggled into Rhode Is land in large quantities. DR. ELY ON THE RAILROAD QUES TION. Professor R. T. Ely, who began a series of "social studies" in the July Harper's with a paper on the general bearings of the railroad problem, takes up in the August number a more specific discussion,of the econ omic evils of the American railroad system. Dr. Ely maintains the prop osition that "the needless waste of railroad competition has been suffici ent to provide good comfortable homes-a whole house to a family for that part of the entire population of the United States not already pro vided with such homes." He accepts as a low one the estimate that one thousand millions of dollars has been squaedered in needless construction, the West Shore and Nickle Plate roads alone amounting to one fifth of the sum. He further suggests the enormous drain upon the economic resources of the country occasioned by the current operation of unneces sary competing and parallel roads. Again, he maintains that the railroads have not been planned according to any intelligent scheme, and that they not only come into needless compe tition with one another but that they frequently parallel and destroy, for transportation purposes, natural and artificial waterways. These things entail enormous burdens upon the re sources of the country. Dr. Ely cites as instance of economic waste the fact that freight frequently passes twice over the same track to get the benefit of reduced rates from a favored point. He next considers the evil arising from the manipulation of the railway stock market. He shows how the op erations of the managers on 'change tend to the loss and detriment of the great body of shareholders, wreck railroad properties, and demoralize the young men of the country. Of discriminations he writes forcibly and at length, and he shows with what deadly effect the granting and with holding of special favors is blighting the commercial prosperity of the country. Dr. Ely isan economist, of the modern, scientific school, who studies facts impartially; and his case against American railway manage ment is all the stronger because it is conducted in the spirit of an econo mic investigator. There is another and more favorable view to take of the railroads, and it is in order when ignorance and hostility propose dan gerous methods of restriction and control; but Dr.Ely's conclusions are sound from his standpoint, and it is exceedingly important that the pub lec should grasp some main facts and ideas as firmly as he has done. -Minneapolis Tribune. DYNAMITE GUN BOAT. The house has appropriated $350, 000 for a dynamite gunboat that can do more smashing in five minutes than a big iron-clad can accomplish in as many days. The cost of the lat ter is about ten times greater. The dynamite boat is said to run at rail road speed and is provided with a pneumatic gun throwing a loaded projectile which explodes upon impact, a charge of two hundred to five hun dred pounds of dynamite. These wads of concentrated destruction can be thrown a mile and at the rate of one a minute. This apparatus is ahead of all modern war machinery. BRIEFS. Fires in California mountains are reported from almost every quarter. Gold in Buenos Ayres is at a pre mium of 134 per cent. There are said to be 50,000 Mor mon children in Utah. Germany has just put on a line of steamers to Hong Kong. The highest birth rate in the United States is in the south. In Louisiana there are 148 children born each year to every 1,000 women of child-bearing age, 156 in Georgia and 187 in Texas. In New England the rate is 82; inthe west about 122. The senate committee on public lands last week ordered a favorable report on the house bill forfeiting lands granted the New Orleans' Baton Rouge & Vicksburg Railroad com pany. Nevada stock men predict thatnext winter will be a hard one on stock, as the grass is all drying up on the ranges. The sugar crop of San Domingo is small and of poor quality, but the to bacco crop is large and of a superior kind.