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G 2. GI'ALLS T1RIBUNE,
VOL, 2. GREAT FALLS, MONTANA TERRITORY, SATURDAY, OCTOBER 2, 1886, NO 20 THE PRE-HISTORIC RACES. What the Aborigines of Northen Mion tana Left in the Way of Remains and Traditions. A New Banking Institution for Great Falls.-A Jiunaway Without Seri ous Results. The Pre-Historic Races. Of late years great interest has been manifested in the discovery of traces of pre-historic man in the United States. This has manifested itself by the various expeditions sent to explore the Pueblo cities of New Mexico and Arizona, the dif ferent commissions appllointed by various states to exhume the relies of the Mound Builders of the Ohio and Mississippi val leys, the great interest manifested in the traces of the Northmen in the New Eng land -tates,(the men who discovered this continent 700 years before the time of Col umbus.) and last though not least, the re markable Chinese documents giving a de scription of our Pacitic coast, the date of which is proved to be prior to the Christian era. Hitherto the broad expanse of .Montana has been ignored, though the renlains of dog-headed men in the vicinity of Fort Berthold in Dakota, in those mounds which stud the plains of the Loomis river, ap proach very near our boundaries. During my twenty ycaas sojourn in Mon tana and my numerous wanderings therein, I have always kept a vigilant watch for re mains of this description, and probably it may be of interest to some of your readers to hear the results. It certainly cannot have been more than three centuries since the horse was known among the aboriginal tribes here; thus the human race at that time must have always camped near springs and water courses, I and at the same time contiguous to places easy of defense from hostile bands. Search in such localities has always resulted in Jinding relics of such races, and the circles t of stones are always visible, which they used in weighting down the edges of thin circular tents or teepees which were con structed of the skins of wild animals, very often indeed, these stones though eight or ten inches in diameter have their tops flush I with tine surfhs' of the ground sinifying th1e 1 ,w pert;d since they were placed i .ite,. Not only this, but the stone iiple ments which they used in their ordinary occulpations are occasionally found, for at that time iron was unknown to these races. It is very interesting to note, that all these Montana stone imple:aents (arrow points, flakes, scropus, knives, etc.,) are indentical in form, shape, and make, with those used by the Aleuts of the North Pa cific coast, as also with the Post Tertiary drift implements found in the Somme val ley, Abbeville, an Ft. Ache:u. This re markable resemblance was distinctly shown at the Centennial exhibition where the different specimens were pla;ced in jux tapo::ition, giving Archio.ologi:ts this result, viz.: That uncivilized r:aces in all ages, who know not the uhe of iron, bronze, etc., are all actuated to work in the same chan nels of ingenuity, re:-ulting in similarity of product. In the Prickly Pear canyon remains have been found of stone jars, by Mr. James Fergus, associat:ed with bones which un doubtedly belonged to the MIammonth, that giant Pachyderm which ranged from Behr ing Straits to North Carolina. I had the pleasure of examining these. The jars had been used for carrying liquids, were about ten inches high and five or six inches across. They were made of hard micace ous stone, which was hollowed till the rim was about one-third of an inch thick. The fragility of the articles would forbid the idea that they had belonged to a migra tory race, and also the presence of large stone hammers with the cincture around the centre where the raw-hide band went around, shows that some race must have lived permanently on the spot. All these articles were plowed up while cultivating the ground, many being broken during that time. The remains of arrow points are numer ous in some localities, especially in those places where the buffalo and other wild an imals were stampeded over some precpi tous point of bluffs. One instance can be iven of one place on the right bank of ] Sun river about four miles above Priest's 1 Crossing, where in one day in 1877 I pick- i ed up over 300 fine specimens. At this ] place the base of the bluff is very alkali 1 and it seems as if a very large number of 4 animals had been stampeded in a heap, and then they had been slaughtered in one I heap. At the present time the pile of bones c are about three and one-half to four feet I in thickness, and and the bones have been 4 broken to extrabt the marrow. At this 1 place beside arrow points, I found flakes, i and one stone knife, nearly all of which are made of Obsidian, and, generally very beautifully linished. The material for this manufacture must have come from Worth, Wyoming. The absence of charcoal in I any amount on this spot, and the bones showing no sign of wasting would signify that the killers of these animals were un acquainted with the manufacture of pottery and must have cooked in a manner similar to that which the Assin aboine's did many years ago, that is, cook the game in its own hide. Having taken off the the skin, they pressd it down into a hole dug for the purpose, thus forming a receptacle that would hold water. In this primitive kettle, they then boiled the meat by immersing hot stones. 2 The site, and remains found there are very interesting, but I consider that the relics are considerable later in age than those n mentioned before. Another interesting place. somewhat F similar to the last mentioned, is near the I St, Peter's Mission, but I have not person ally exanmined it. It was also used for a stampeding ground andt rough walls are It yet in existence behind which the Indians fi would hide, and as the herd approached ri turn it either to the left or right. At va rious points on the Missouri below this I E have found traces of camps where I have p picked up parts of implh,i ents. they are - hnwever, not so perfect as those of Sun f river. In concluding the article this coming P week, 1 will refer to othetr localities in S Northern Montana, and give some tradi- n tions now held by the Indians. O. C. 3. A New Bank. Charles Y. Keuloch and George Martin, s< wealthy capitalists of Lakota, 1). T., visit- b ed Great Falls about two months ago. o They were so much pleased with its pros- t pects that they have now returned to re main and embark in the banking business. 'l 'These gentlemen, with their capital and ri business ability will be a great benefit to e] this place. What the Ladies Say. ir The ladies who went to hear Col. San- tI ders speak all agree that they could have ri made better use of their time had they V gone to C. P. Thomson's and examined v, his new fall goods which have just arrived. New fall and winter hats, elegant tips and plush trimmings. Sackings for ladies and n children; winter dress goods, hose, gloves, is and everything in fall goods are at the lowest prices ever offered in Northern Montana. A Singer seowing machine on the easy terms of $5 per month can be T had from Mr. Thomson, who is the county ti agent. 2t B A Runaway. Last Sunday Mayor Sullivan of Benton. arrived here with his family and thi. fol lowinf day started for i,,, . \1i!,e Smiicwhrý ý).tivetel iere andli· thi e 1 Ir fals his teamn became unn:ind gea iie a ran away, throwin, Mr. iSullivin 1s wife and d:ii hiter out, but fortunat'iv not seri ously inj.riie. any of them. The buggy was pretly badly spliintered, and the unrn- t ly hiorses .truck Out over the pr irie vaih a part of it attached to thein. It wa' a di, cidedly inionvenient and v.pensive acci dent, but the ma:yor is ,itisfid to get of: as lightly as he did. Religious Notes. At 11:30 a. m., on Sunday the Rev. John Reid will commence a short discourse, at the close of which the Lord's Supper will i be celebrated. The memlbers of the branch church in Sand Coulee have beeoon invited to attend. In the evening the Rev. James M.L Largent will preach, his topic being: "No Cross no Crown." This is a good r subject and embraces a wide fiehi of thought, si we expect to hear something of considerrihle inter'st. At 1i0:l0 L m. the Union Sunday school commences, and t at 3 p. m. the First Presbyterian Sunday school will open. Every Wednesday evening a prayer meeting is hehld, an on Friday evening the choir meets for prac tice at the residence of Rev. Reid. Last i Sunday night it was given out in church that owing to the absence of a town clock, the time at the postoflice should be recog nized as the standard whereby church-go- a ers should gn:ige themselves so as to be in h time for the beginning of the different ser vices. All meetings except the choir meet- ' ing 'will be held in the school house. Evening services at 7:30 p. m. A hea'rty 1 welcome is extended to all. 3 Read and Learn. r Two years ago this winter a feeble at tempt was made to organize a Literary so- b ciety at Great Falls. The affair was start- I ed, but, suddenly, the leading lights of the fi institution dropped off and permitted the q thing to live or die. Well, like the end of o a candle left burning in the socket, it b sputtered and flickered a pale, dim flicker n and went out, we suppose, into the outer n darkness, for nothing has been heard of it a since. Recently, however, a new spirit of is adventure has developed and a few brave h men have decided to call a meeting at the ri school house next Thursday at 7:30 p. m. t Now, if our citizens know what an excel- b lent thing a genuine Literary society is, st they will not miss this opportunity to ar- re range for organized amusement for the 11 long winter evenings. The originators of ii this society intend to make things pleasant, df entertaining and profitable, by furnishing of good subjects for debate, recitations, songs, te lectures, etc., all of which will be conduct- tr ed in a respectable style; no ruffianism be- tJ ing tolerated. Ladies are invited to co-op- tt erate in this laudable scheme. Let every- ei body attend the deliberation meeting. Re- C member the date. pm PISCATOHIAL PLEASURES. in The Pleasure of Trouting in Northern es Montana Streams Pieasantly D)e pitced iy I-ry -- An Enthusiastic Lover of the Sport i, Sanders D)ole up in Poetr3 by Our SJanitor. Id Trouting o' Belt Creek. T, Ti T, ribue: y The bright and 4tiirkli'n wa.terS of the mIlountain rivers and-tre'al.s of Northern Montana are alive Xith that prinice of the at Finny Tribe ,) deart, the di.cillies of old e Isaac WWalton--the i.o,,k trout. " The scenes that o Isaac. loved to por re tray--ni ere the mei.ndering river doiws us from its ource in tLq highl:uniis, along the rich valleys and mea ow la:nd of "Merrie England"--where, ti- mi;mtain ,torrent e pours its flood d;wnltlhe steep -id,- of the 5 Highlands and boeuda over the riock. from thence wend uj its coiparativoly Splacid way to the E-tuary of the Nortihern in Sea that e:lcompit - tile shlores of the 1- vwriters' native h iii-Scothand, at' ever present to our nmini e connection with the many enjoyablbe Iis. tory lpramulniIlations in the days of r ',ti V :I. iften ha:ve we n, scooped from out th r rapid waters such it- baskets of p:cl l " by man 0. of the seductive tip th:,t alwi:ys affordcl true delight to the aithu!.>!-tic lover of 9e sport. It wa :h i,' arinng from id remembraanc.,s ::h lt-', and with an to enthusias.,m knowIn I ly to thoe11 who enjoy and appireciate t.h d iights of a re:al fish ing trip, that we det4namined to investigate the claim onf Northen 3Iomnt , that her re rivers, "for sport are the be.t on earth." sy We were fortumate idbeing located in the d very center of this fsherman's Paradise, vd viz:-the rising city ,f Great Falls. The id mighty Missouri rivee on which the town s, is so beautifully hce :ed, is itelf a very e rgolgonda for tfih, and arge specimens are being constantly haulld from its depths. e The water below the ilig-ialls, not far from :y the town, never fail le lover of the roal. But true to min-ncts mm eid assoiactliaoas, we determined thlt upsi .ais occasion one of the maIntain t tre :. uiatas to be the scene of our exploration.i./ ).'ly a short timNe e for: this the w-, .......-' - d-" to ine hin -.r 0 < ' , a t .in nedi ; in ti:0 o 1 ' "'l mt:.v--wh-r. 11)h f, .-Tre;m called Belt ore,,.;, d:-ihts 1:ln" :ftr ]-,:-,inna its T sou:,ce hbla tit) it t k. "l;'t r,-Ig?.. of pmnun hv were piu redl Iinto , " :;r, of the tiinyV .on tents of it w r: ,h then ,terrin ed, if oppor Btunit ;il.d, to made a per sal0:1 ilni- tI'.; 'ti,.. I:112e BD it creek was I -a'.ec`eui tar hie trip. ago, a iu-.ty with to tod loaking .'rrel-, might have hIie-n .:e Tking in its frcight in fr'nt of the Par f i.l Aers thr)ss the country the writer :it his friend, a, enthu siastic for the' sport t himself, s.tarteiid. Soon we were in Sani .Coulee, to be in the near future, the scene ,f a great minilngin dunt y ---from thence rer th tab. land, crossing Box Elder, ad irain mountine the slooe by a witnw. i rodl. to the fine, undulating bench l d beyond, leaving that pironinteln!'and rk, Belt butte on our left, with Wolf e ':1 Tirer buttes:loom ing up in he distance Eventually, by a pictutre:que road, we a down in the cou lee called Neill cre and after going about a mile further the top of the hill beyond. Far down b onw under our feet we saw Belt creik, it waters rushing and winding along betw n its cottonwood groves and luxuria:nt der growth with the hicgh bluff escarpmene of variegated tints glowing in the sun of bright September day and for a back- . nd the lofty Belt range of mountains s ly cut against the sk--a perfect pictur f beauty and fer tility. Down the ste declivity with the brake "hard on." a. into the valley. Thence we take ourse es to rest and re freshment for horse nd man. Subse quently, by a few mil drive, we arrive at our headquarters for next day or two, being met by a smili welcome from a well known and fae sting young lady whom we had the ple are of meeting on a former occasion. C r hostess' husband was away in the mom uins, but expected home shortly. Mer hile, up rod and reel and casting line ith two or three tempting flies-then f strodi to the river before supper. Altho Ih this part of the stream is not consider so good, we were rewarded with a exlfy number of magnificent trout. T' dashing manner in which a Belt trout nes at the fly evi dences an ignorance o the deadly nature of the tempting lookli morsel-which af ter our experience the Old Country trout, is to say quite re ehing. Here, all that is needed is ani bit of color and 1 there does not appeart be any great nec- I essity of selecting ye flies. In the Old ' Country, unless your are the counter part of those part ~ ..es that happen for tl ltime being, to be h.etching on the river baks, you might ::s well isph on the dry road a i the water for the fish will nlot co"dsci end to loi:k at, mtuch less take 11 ,our flies. The .:,hiinr tic refort,, for ites; (if we in: us the he pressloni u'"dno' ati"d trout, is a m.uch easier n tter, rand tIall that i heeded by a:L novice', to I'nsue sulr e,, i to have the ri-lht kind of 1ickle, and to learn how to throw his line so that the lies will not li'ght on the water not with a splash, to fri!;;hten the tfi-h. but iith that light flicker so that they will drop on i?. wiater over the nlses of i-iur ginny frieum, just as the natural fly iJs- en to (drop. h)o this keeping well out of sight if the dcay be bright, and you have him, dead certain. Well, to makie a lo"ng :story short, the fol lowini dayn we had "a reiiular pie-ni(:." -Notwitht-tandin,- thir fiact tihat we kept our Slhost- table re ilarly anid amply suppi.ed with trout durin-g our stay, w,; had a i:arge d quantity left to tike hlome-about 25 lbs. of trout and a Iar"e quantity of white fish, which, thr iughi not equal inquality to trout. are an excellent table fish anud give gr;..tt sport in c-tching them. To anyone who e ,njoys btautiful seucnry, the upper iw.t valley is in itself suiticie,it to repay one for the trip. Th' river dushes along between high, perpiendicular limestone rock-, of hlies, fro mi it iream:y xwhite to pink and red, i which intensities the bright ;green of the cotttonwoodlt rees. At the place called the "sluice bxes" it runs between two enl;r mous c(liis for a considerable distance- the water rushling over the rocky b(otitom. end down into the placid pool where by careful observaxioin one may detect the eweird forms of the tinny inhiabitants sail ing along in the d-ark depth-s below, made emore dark by the shadows thrown over the waters' surf-ace by the towering cliff on its margin. This is one of the sights which a true angler loves and after the s anxious, busy life in the city, he is repaid for days of toil and and goeshome refresh ed and invigorated. Northern Montana abounds in such scenes and in such sport. • .its rivers are as fertile in fish as its coulees, ybench lainds and mountains abound in game. The city of Great Falls, pictures quely situated on a grand sweep of the Missouri, on an undulating plain, surround r ed by highlands stretching to the horizon, with the great river bounding over the series of falls below the town, is the very centre of all this region so attractive to the sportsman and lover of nature. The soil in its vicinity is adapted to a great deal more than grazing. All that is needed is 4 capital and energy to develop itsresources. N. s. The Muse Broke Lose Again. in The par.,dy which some unknown ad ,. '_:irer f. Saeders' prepared for the meet ing last Monday evening, suggestedLto our Sjanitor .the idea of trying his hand at the wheel. lie round out the following, which h::a:t ale':st one virtue, that of be ing bri.-: rOETICAL PIIRO':P Y. Old IWah IIi)ss'l i inspecte d, d An' he's shlih to Li rejected, Cli n1bin' up de 'lecihun staire' ii'! how he'll kibk and yell, Whon de votes dar story tell, Cimhbln' up de 'locshun sta~rs. O! I hel:h de voters singin' " Dar voice clearly declares, I):it ,iJo cavn't help a winnin', (Cli:nabi' up de 'iccahun stairs. Lr.s Sanders am a speaka' But in votes he'll be do weaka' Climbiu' up de 'leeshun stairs; 0! how he'll cuss his fate, - When he finds dat he's Tooi le) ate, . Cnimbin' up de 'lecshun stairs. Choruas. SA.iao. Democratic Rally. aThere will be a grand democratic rally at the young men's club rooms next Satur day evening, at which time H. R. Buck, J. SW. Tattan and T E. Collins will be up from Benton to shake hands with the boys. For Sale. A good business building on Central I avenue is offered for sale. Inquire of E t J. Canary, Great Falls. tf For Sale. A nice lot of Sand Coulee hay at reason able rates if taken before Nov. 1st. r 2t GEO. F. FIELD Coal ! Coal ! Leave orders for your winters coal at this office. Order early in order to be pre pared for the cold weather. GEO. BUDINCrTON. Strayed. Strayed from my ranch two miles east of Great Falls, one bay horse, branded. o9 and vented S on left shoulder. Has white stripe in face, three white feet and saddle matks. Was draging long rope with iron [ pin attached when last seen. A liberal re ward will be paid for his return or for in formation that will lead to his recovery. S. V. V. CAnTER. A Caution. All persons yie hereby cautioned in re gardto running the band of horses branded W on right thighand -"- onright shoulder on or off the range F near Red butteas. Guilty parties will be prosecuted to, the full extent of thelaw, and any person giving. information which will lead to th. detection of such will be liberally rewarded. 2t G. F. FaIE . ( SANRDE:,'S SOFT SOAP. Horse; or. 1Th; N'thenl Paitf'r"s ti its treat F'lis and Fully Convinces (fur People That lie is the Man they Udn't Want. Sanders tioft Soap. The h:md-bilts announcing that the "sil ver-tonrgu.ed" war-horse wouo neigh i Great Fit Falls ond:y evening, brought a gLodily numnber of people to the Park ho tel to hear him. ti. P. Iolfe acted as chairlmaln of the meeting and made a few introductory reLmarkL wh'ch he ihad f:n td as aplpr)priat. to the LI:'-, Hie tt1e CaiedI ii , t . l:," consist ingf of :bo". , x : ladi,: and :-gtleit n to render th' .: :Sp:m d Dann, whic they .!i '" :.1: .xg-ll, :' m;uIner. AI L' ::0 ' : i', .:t .lu-. l l,' it 1d by the m iLe ha:d ,: _ f"y.u l.:c,. ,,I,-lC introdnetId A. J. I': ,ic ,y ot 1_ . . It u l n hi.per +tI t.o'ld thi:t from'- youl .rt'a ti we -: i hL "a _ -ech on:l:y .aiwnled bIy the colo.el hiLhnelf. So all the vast( ) audi ence waL hushed, awaiting the burning el oquence of young ('raven. HIe arose with the calm as-urance depicted on his coun tenance, that the great issues which have worried the greatest statesmen of the country for thirty years were to be settled by himself right then and there. He has a good voice and probably could speak a declamation or an oration first rate, but his effort last Monday evening was certainly a great disappointment. He went away back into buried issues and stirred up that old political rot which we have all tried tried to forget about for our own and our country's sake. Then he tackled the tariff question, where he found himself badly swamped, and so, finally acknowledged that he didn't know much about it anyway. If young Mr. Craven is going to act as groom for the old war-horse during this campaign he ought to be furnished with speeches. and o? fnall acinonlcd~red thathe _., ' No one can deny that C's. S;nders is a splendid speaker. r I, a, munii in beauti ful words which im ehas ei r ready at his command. lie tortures agi" t bcautifrl ly that his auditos. are nlhe z:t w-iiling to have truth sa:rioiced to art for the sake of being enlrtai :d' He coats his sophi-tr pillsi oPer a hh hnoey waka a- s-,: Slouwed witl a reliil that i., however, soon dispelled by terrible griping pains in the in tellectual divestive orrans. The colonel don't impress anyone with the idea that hl is sincere. Hle is brilliant, meteoric and ready, but when he has finished, his hear ers feel al)bout as tiey do ai'fte a good con cert or play. About the time the meeting closed the tardy bon-fires commenced to glow and the anvils awoke to disturb the good peo ple who had gone home to. -ieei?. The grand feature of the evening., however, was the shouting of the afttle-cry of Freedom, by the Glee club. This is a parody on the good old patriotic song. As it is full of "alleged" wit, we beg leave to inflict it upon our readers: aMONTANA'S BATTLE-CitY. There are many good and valiant men Among, us here to-night; Shouting the battle-cry of Freedom, Who are not bound by party lines; Who vote for the right, Shouting the battle-cry of Freedom. Montana forever; loudly they cry, With Sanders to lead us victory is nigh, So we'll rally rounil the flag, boys, We'll rally once again, Shouting the battle-cry of Freedom. They have come from ranch and work-shop, They have come from forge and mill Shouting the battle-cry of Freedom; From mines and from the ranges, Where roam countless herds at will, Shouting the battle-cry of Freedom. Chorus: Merchants, bankers, doctors, lawyers, With an editor or two, Shouting the battle-cry of Freedom; All are here and all are ready At the polls good work to do, Shouting the battle-cry of Freedom. Chorus: These want more than empty promises, They vote for no man's Tool(e); Shouting the battle-cry of Freedom,. And vow on next November To rebel 'gainst Hauser's rule, Shouting the battle-cry of Freedom. CA4has: Montana forever, loudly they cry, With Sanders to lead us victory is nigh, So we'll rally round the flag, boys, We'll rally once again, Shouting the battle-cry of Freedom. GREAT FALLs, Sept. 27, 1886.