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GREAT FALLS TRIBUNE.
HINTS TO YOUNG ARCHITECTS. i', itten for the Tribune. In the first placa it is necessary to be as familiar :s possible with the plans and other drawings of the building to be constructed. Nothing is of so much ser vice in rendering the labors of the super intendent valuaile to his employers and himself as a thorough understanding of the projected buil ling which will enable him to foresee the conse(luences of every step, to juige of the position and work manship of each part of the edifice, while in progress of construction, with refer ence to its final use and finish. His duty is only half fulfilled if Ile blindly trusts to the accuracy of the pluns. lie sh uld examine, conlparl : and correct them nui nutely, thoroughly, and frequently. It is impossible in the architect's othice to avoid all mistakes in drawing or figuring. but such as escape the eye of the busy professin:l llin can easily be ietected by a little care in comparing them with the wvork on the ground, and this duty clearly behlon,, to the superintendent. Not only should lie make sure of the ac curacy- of the platas, but he must look oat b.for.lhand for other points which mi:n affect or hinder the construction when once hogun. If, for instance, the dirawinis show stonel and brick work bonded toge:ther in elevation, it should be his duty at once to p)r"cure bricks of the kind toU he used in the facing, 'n1l lay them tiup in mortar joints of the usual or specified w idth, in order to ascertain with certainty- the height which a given num ber of courses of bricks will lay. It is comlmon in such work to assume that five courses of brick will lay one foot in height, and the detail drawings for the stone work are often made and figured accordingly. If, then, as often happens, the particular brick used is a little thick er or thinner than the standard, the stone once cut from an imperfect assumption will fail to bond properly, and, if it can not be recut, must either be thrown away or inserted as best it may, the wide joints and irregular lines bearing witness to the incompetency of the one who directed the work. Even supposing the plons to be correct, the superintendent will find many oppor tunities for saving both contractor and owner from the annoyance and expense caused by ohe carelessness of workmen. It is impos,ible to get the ordinary me chanic to concern himself about the future matters which will _depend upon his work, and a little foresight in supervision will prevent nmany careless deviations from the drawvings or specifications, which, al though the- contractor would be bound to correct th'in, he will he glad to have de tected in season to save him that expense and will show his gratitude by special endeavor to please. Another important point in etlicient supervision is, after in- 1 -pecting the materials delivered, to make slre that tho(se rejected are r moved fronl the premises. If they are marked for re jection, as they should always be, let the mark be on: the fa, of the cracked or thin sto:ne, or on te 1"p"rI ..,le of a "waney" flonr-bo:ari. s:, that it can 1)e recognized if it shoull lie a'terwards palutin the work. If s-uch prrecautiuu is not t:.ken, and if thle marks are not made in such a manner that thy cannot be rubbed or ptlfned off, imaterials once discarded will be smug gled in:, the building in spite of the in- t junctions of the superintendent or con- I tractor. It is impossible to be too thorough in each p.,rioidical inspection of the build- i ing. It x ill not dlo to examine one porion day ine and anoither the next; the prop- I er way is tO go all over tihe structure at each visit. \i herever a man is working or has 1een working since the last inspec tion, go.e :dl see what he Las done. In this w'y it will be possible to g::in that definite know.ledge of every portion of the structure, which is the only security i against concealed vices of workmanship. One other precaution must be observ- 1 ed: le nt nt the young architect put too much faith in what workmen say to him. Thle best of them dislike to pull down or f -change what is already done, and if ad- 1 vertence or temporary convenience has 1 led them into palpable violations of the specifications, they will often stretch the truth considerably in their excuses and explanations. Some are much worse than- this, and will deliberately avail themselves of the credulity and inexperi ence of the young architect under whose authority they come, to obtain from him, both before and after the execution of the work, such concessions from and in terpretations of the strict letter of the specifications as will be most to their profit. It is difficult for one who is not .quite certain that he knows how to dis tinguish between flesh and damaged ce- s ment, to persist in rejecting a lot of which I lie has suspicions, but which the builder declares to be not only of the best quality , but the only lot of that quality which can c be procured without seriously delaying the work, and if the superintendent is found to be accessible to such represen- bi tations, his credulity is sure to be tested m on many other points. The only way in ti which young architects can escape being of occasionally made victims of such prac- dc tice, is for them to make up their minds m what is right by the best light they can, no and insist )upon their directions being fol- a e lowed. \\itl a little thought and assid uous study of other buildings in process s~ of construction, it need rarely happen o that their orders will be unreasonable, and a tirml stand on such occasions as arise in tile early stages of the work will not only make their subsequent duty lighter and pleasanter, but \rill often save them ultimate discredit and regret. B. A Areak of Nature. d The first morning wa sighted the little 1-a island Montain of Lecko, whose stonly in b outlines are those of giantess turned to th 0 stone, and miles beyond we came to the ul Island of Torgbaetta, which is the most IV V wonderful freak of nature along the Nor- to dI wegian coast. We saw it fronm from afar al :: asa giant's hat floating oil the water. a it SIluge crown and brim of bale granite, tile lit t. hrli riiing well above tlhe water, and tile st crown more than 800 feet high, pierced w u nearly at the top with a hole ilhat runs Ct II through the granite crown like a tunnel it n Sailing to\\ard it on the placid blue wa ter the eve camne in line with the tunnel o0 k and we saw s-traight thlrough it to the sky it: Si:eyond This windlowt trough 1the moun- W tair w as reached by a long climb from Il Y the other sidle, and when we reached the fu 0 opening in the mounlltaill there was a tli 1 view through it ia through a telescope of je the sea with a score of islets beyond. The is sides of the tunnel are as square and true hi as if they had been blasted out by a mi- w nner, and beginning with a height of 62 I feit the floor drops until at the lower end jo dI the vaulted passage is over 200 feet in el height. The work torghatta means a "market hat," such as is worn by tie e peasants now, and in the age of legends w was worn by the bad brother of the gi- a antass of Lecko. The brother had inter- Ju Y cepted the messengers from the giantess' at .s lover, Ilestmand, and kept the pair apart T e for so long a time that the lover, finally `v d enraged, shot an arrow at the brother le while he was in bathing one day and tl t, pierced hat and skull both. The arrow's t flight was something like 100 miles from cc li Hlestmand's bow to the foot of the giant- w e ess, where it finally fell, and she, seeing pi - the blight through the aperture in ther v. brother's hat, turned him and Hesmand wn e and herself all to stone in her despair. J1 The trio are now chief objects of interest se 1 along th:s stretch of coast, and the natives dt ° lift their hats in mock reverence to the y giantess as they pass by, and the tourist 0 flutters the leaves of his red guide-book th and putting his finger on the page. recites n e the tradition and measurements to the * 1 nearest ear. Tile tourist steamerl s always a st top to land passengers who want toclimib th up to the tunnel, and the women and th e children from the neighboring farms go d with pitchers of milk to sell to the breath- a less climbers on the way.--,orr.r, LIt.r Ii lfh ,4. LJ,,,u f;fl,c-I),*O rm, ot. Perhaps He Did. I Mr. Erasmus de B:lank is a very re- c spected citizen of the West Side, living c on the flat in the lower part of twn. Mr. de Black is also a prominent mcm- r her of the ancient and Accepted order of Suns of Agon, which holds meetings at v the call of the president wh:enever there f is business of sufficient importance to a warrant it--at least so he tells his wife. r 1IImportant business is becoming alarm- i. ingly frequent of late, with no prospect of 2 a a let-up till after election, and the order s Sholds almost nightly sessions at their r t "rooms." 0 It was after an unusu:dlv long session a of this kind Thursday night that De 1 I Blank arrived home somewhat late, or ( c t rather quite early-in the morning. a Winding his watch with his latch key, 1 he carefully deposited it in the wash-ba- a sin, stowed his few remaining dimes in t Shis watch case, then suddenly sat down I with a thud that awoke the baby. t During all these necessary preparations I r for seeking his downy couch his better a - half had watched him with suspicious z 3 fire in her eyes. V S'What smell is that, my dear?" she re- 1 3 marked as le succeeded in extricating t I a foot from one of his boots. I "Clovsh," my love.' s 1 "But that other odor, sir ?" t "Allspice, my sweet." r "But I smell something else." "Oh, (hic) that's cinnamon." s "Yes, but I smell something thet isn't spice at all." "Oh thash an apple I ate 'fore I came c (hic) in." s r "Well I should think," she remarked c slowly and very emphatically, "that if you had just taken a good drink of brandy t and eaten a free-lunch sandwich you I would have all the necessary for a good c mince pie." De Blank sighed as he crawled into bed with his other boot on, and muttered something to the effect that tpossibly he t did, he wasn't sure.--B Paul Herald. I Gloom Producers. This office is almost daily in receipt of big, over-rawn envelopes full of a style of manuscript that is anything but exhilera ting. It comes in ul on us in the fresh glow of an otherwise happy life and bows us down. It is gloomy, sad, dispiriting, dis mal. To read much of it causes headache, neuralgia, sickness at the stomach, loss of aplpetite and kindred diseases. It coInmes bringing gloom and desolation so frequently that we have hung up a sign of TitE MORGUE It is sadl to think of a once sunshiny and cheerful room rendered so different. Much of this glooOmy m:mucinript comes labelled "humorous." It is always exam ined w:th crare. In the rouni of of life in F this office half of each day goes to looking Ra up points'in this mxatter. In some instances pl t we hv:-e kepit up thei wa:ry search hour af - ter hour. We have gone througmh it fromn r all directio'ls. We Ii h :ed s:l.nked up on I it from 1e hind and tried to seize tihe point lbefore it could e('ape, but seldonl with scces. We have c'avled throx',h a 1 weary waste of tuselss words alnd attmpt s ed to bounxce oil the point while it dlcilit but 1 it hao usuxlly manao-ed to got away. AWe have cxmployvd a detective to trace 1 out the loinit and if possi: !le drag it from its hidingi placen. Iiy after cday hie hias worked iand watched. Week i in and week I out he has beetn ion th ttrail, following a I faint Llimmer of hope, trying~ to fathom thle misteryv and to;r the veil fromn the ob i ject of his searclh, but withiout success. IHe I is growing hxxgard over his task. We aek himi at nigh t what succ-es landl al.e \wcirs wearily. "no clew yct." S Wh:at really ought to accompany these I joke is a ground plan and front ad rear elevations.-Eiterline Bel. SConjurer and Juggler. s Out of the S,'ttLrdy, R, ror comes this as to the difference between a conjurer and ju,,'"gler: "The gentleman in a dress-h'at, and with a foreign accent, who borrowed t your watch and your friends's hat, and who 'vanishes' the former and makes an ome lette'in the latter, and then revealslto yon Ihat the watch is in the omelette-the gen s tleman who accomplishes this marvel is a conjurer, a marician, an adept in the art of white magic. The performer who spins a plate on the end of a stick in his left h:nd r while he is keeping three balls in the air jwith his right hand--this performer is a tjuggler. The- '.injurer does that which t seems impos.,ible and leaves y:' in weon der as to the meani whereby he', deceived t dificult, ):it you aret ni-er; i di:b t a, , the way in which it w. don, '. ,r 't:irt i nothing hidden.:,nd th.: f<,te:: ,, 'e ,iinl it st· f. In short, t conjurr de 'i-e. you itti the juggler does not: this is the vist ,,f the matter. and we may - fiirthr ir and say that if the j g-'hit r us,- ." `'f:i'ko'-- ,1 .. r t device for atssisting his still---e :-., taken :n. illegitimate advant -gi . Downing the Tip Fiend. But this tip btsiness worried me. I lay awake uigl.ti until I gv-t over on the continent, whereýther dihin'rt have nickel coins, and an ltu.i stnt'k mie. I cabled to my partner fot a quart each of bright nickels and e;-celt pieces. You see the.y f look like silvert and the porters and t waiters and pro: inent citizen: t:,ok them for silver United States coins of cont-ider c able more valueiian was t~ie case. 5er vice and attentiths which cost other toumr ists dollars, I got for cents. I. received S23-cent bows fct 5 cents, and 10-cent r smiles for S cens, and went through Eu r rope flying high.. But finally I ran short of coin, and them I gave the genial brig I ands my card, with my Cicago Board of Trade address, tlerely remarking kindetr carelessly, "Jus;tcall around to the office and I will 0. 1. your bill." It was a paralyzer. It "t Irorized the comtnunitv " and worked likedl charm. A French por I ter at Calais, whI could ttalk a little En, 1 lish, whom I st ck on my way back, was the only one whi didn't appear thankful. SHIIe looked at tl! card and then at me and asked, 'Vat .has zees Okay, Messiu, z:at you vill mal to me " I told him I would furnish te information for a dol lar. You see I ad by this time got into the European fay of doing business. Next time I c across I will work a scheme that wih make these tip sharps tired. I find tit I can get a peck of pennies galvan d with oroide for about $2, and then th e will be 1cent of intrin sic value and $ 9 worth of deceitful ap pearances abo ny racket. Of course I can only work is where English is not spoken or read The prominent citizen 1 of Europe who ives strangers informa. tion is consider le of an institution, but 1 I propose to d n him individually and I collectively.--( iago Inter-Ocean. The strength f the Prohibitionists in SNew Jersey . ausing anxiety in the ranks of the ublicans. ECLIPSE Livery, F eel a Sale Stahle, Cf reat Falls, Montana Hamilton & Eaton, - Proprietors UNS CORRAL B0lIK K J f A-nd best of Cokd ' lc' Acc i oatfin; UtenslS , Furnished free to FEED SFREIGHTERS, Ranchmen and all other S - AA nimaIs. patrons of the Eclipse. Broken and Unbroken Horses For Sale., It ____________________- CORSON & HULL Great Falls, - Mont. House, Sign Ornamental Fine Graining and Kalsomining a Specialty. Carriage Painting Neatly Done to Order. SGREAT FALLS MEAT MA RKET C. N. DICKINSON, Proprietor. IN.1olesale aodc REetail "ealer IN BEEF, PORK, MUTTON, a SAUSAGE, ETC., ETO. YOUR PATRONAGE SOLICITED. VPIONEER HOTEL Great F'alls, M.J"orat-, PAUL GRELLMAN Prop. j Having leased the above Hotel and refitted the same we solicit the patronage of the public. Best table and most comfortable rooms of any Hotel in Great Falls. Charges reasonable First atona a W. G. Conrad, - President irst National Ban John W. Power, - Vice-Pres , OF FT. BE\TOL . E. G. Maclay, - Cashie DIRECTORS: I Tk . T. PTF wer.. G. Corad, . . .Poker,C.E. Conrad,. F. Atki-z),n, 1. S. Ford. T. A. Cumlmings, E. G. Mae!ay. --J. GIBBONS,- 0 P2AC(TI(:AL HarlleRON -AND iSadle Maker. Rc£wirin Neatly anr Promplty AiteneRl to HUIY'S BUILDING. GREAT FALLS, - MONT URSULINE CONVENT --OF THE- At Saint Peter's Mission Near Fort Shaw, M- T. Will Ro0Den Wellesday Septcmfer 1, 1886. This institution is situated in one of the most - beautiful locations in Monta.na, under the direc tion of the Ursuline Nuns, for the purpose of af fording the young girls every advantage for ob taiineu a solid and useful education. Tuition free. Boaad .10 per month. For fur ther yarticulars address MOfHER SUPERIOR, Fort Shaw, H. T, ST. PETER'S MISSION Boarding - School - for - Boys. Under the Directions of the Fathers of the c Society of Jesus. Will ReopDn Welnesday Septeaber 1, 1886. i The object of this institution is to afford means of a solid, moral, mental and physical education q to boys. Tition free. Boar$1i0 permonth. For fr ther particulars apply to REV. J. DhMIANI. 8. J., Ft. Shaw, i. T. TAKEN UP. Came to my ranch on Deep creek, S baytp m one sorrel mare, and one black mare, all branded T on both shoulders. Owner can have same by -M, OxatT , A aMont, . Jackson's MUSIC STORE BROADWAY, tiHele na, - Montana. G. W. JACKSON, Prop. Sold at Eastern Prices B. With Freight Added. bH. H. CHANDLER, ASSAYER, Great Falls, Mont. SSamples sent by mail or express carefully assayed and returns promptly made. Charges reason 6" able. n Fast Freight Line T. -BETWEEN- - Great Falls and Helena. ainaa S. HIns. Prop. Baotmnd trip mad in fae iedays. Charges Bea b sonable. irnv, eorders atTazmwpoffitoe.