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A Scrap of History.
At the time of the formation of a pro visional government by and for the settlers of Oregon in 1845, the Oregon boundary -as a burning issue between England and the iUnited States. Prior to that period neither government had appeared atliber ty to extend the jurisdiction of its laws to this part of America. In the judgment of McLaughlin, chief factor bf the Hudson's Bay company, the best way to protect its property was to accept the invitation ten dered by the Americans to join their gov ernment organization. Accordingly after a brief lapse of time, on condition that the company should pay taxes only on goods sold to the white inhabitants of the coun try, the officers of the Hudson Bay com pany became with all the British residents particsto the political compact of Oregon. It was a most timely :ction, the union of the lion with the eagle. For only a few days later the British fifty gun ship of war, America, arrived from Puget Sound. The British squadron of the Pacific then amounted to fiftee'n vessels, carrying over four hundred guns. The avowed object of tlis fleet w.: to "offer protection to her majesty's subjects in Oregon, if they re quired it." Had these proffers of protec tion, which really meant war, come a few weeks sooner, war doubtless would have been the result. "When they came to Vancouver," says Mr. Bancroft, the Pacific coast historian, "'thley expected to main tain England's hold of the north side of the Columbia river, but they found the I-ludson Bay company bound in an agree ment of mutual protection with the Ameri -cans; they learned of the fearless and res olute character of the colonies, and their rapidly increasing numbers, and were con stantly checked in their expressions of hostility by McLaugilin who assured them and even wrote to England that the coun try was not worth a war. Gordon, the commander of the man-of-war, America, is said to have agreed with ,McLaughlin, but entirely on different grounds. He was speaking literally, because he found the Nisqually plains a bed of gravel; and because being fond of angling, the salmon would not rise to the fly. A country where the fish were not lively enough for his sport was in his estimation worthless. But the salmon were not the only fish in Ore gon that refused to rise to the l1y of the Brisish angler." 'Senator Davis in the Northwest. ,Fnam the admirable acceptance speech -of senator-elect C. K. Davis, ;e make the following extract, showing his attitude to wvards Montana, as well as Minnesota and the whole northwest: The duties of a senator or represenative from this state will be intimately connected with the new nmat.west, of which Minnesota is a part. It is mow nearly thirty years since Mr. Seward, the most prescient of American statesmen, stood upon the steps of this capital and, looking into the seeds of time declared that he spoke from a place des ined to be the center of a great empire. This, like other memorable utterances of that prophetic spirit, was received with incredulity which has long since ceased mnd has been succeeded by belief, as hIs prediction has come to pass. HIe stood 'where civilization then stood, pausing up -on her western outposts. To-day there is ,not in the northwest a frontier from which such a prediction could be made. That which he forsaw exists. Great communi ties fill the area from the Mississippi to frhe Pacific, Washington, Idaho, Montana and Dakota struggling in the trammels of an unjust pupilage. The relations of Min nesots to thcse communities are of the most intimate character and will continue to be so. The empire of the northwest was founded here, and, for many years to come, the identity of interests will ma;me it the duty and interest of every citizen of this state to labor for its aggrandizement. I esteem it as one of the greatest privil -eges of my life to be called to a position where, in some degree, I can assist in the development of that vast region of which Minnesota is now the most powerful com ponent. Folob~ing a Dangerous Precedent. An Ottawa correspondent of the Jl;51 a ys: Yesterday an announcement was made that the imperial government has consented to send men-of-war out next season to assist in the protection of the Canadian fisheries. To the people of the United State., doubtless, this will be any thing but palatable information, but as a matter of fact it is simply following the precedent est fii.-ihed before the Washing ton treaty came into operltion. The promi nent official on interrogated as to the cor rectness: of the report, said it is true that the imperial authorities has consented to send out one or two gunboats next spring to assist the marine police in enforcing our fishery rights. Quiet Elegance, The Union Pacific emigrant cars, which are phlain sleeping cars, are being fitted with curtains for the berlhs and supplied with cocking stores, sinks for washing dishes, and other conveniences-: With .ocean steerage fare at $13, and luxuries Overcoats Blankets 1887. EVETY MAN'S INTEREST Not wishing to carry over until next season as;y wintar goods, I will sell what I now have on hand at prices that will pay every per son to buy for next winter, the goods I am offering, which are: Ovrcoapts, Gloves, Bles and Fr Cals. Furapsrris t _ C__otier. Fur a p Gloves like these on the western plains, no Irish m an need submit to British oppressions tor a single day. lie can emigrate to the boundless west so cheaply and comfortabliy that staying at home is nowhere in c(,lm parison.--Solt Lake Trib rne. Hardings Parfner Captured. On Wednesday morning last Sheriff T E. Jones quietly boarded tho north bound train, avowedly for Glendale, but when the train rerched Melrose he forgot to get off, and the next "-e heard of him was when he stepped off the train on Thursday I on Thursday night with a prisoner in tow. SHis crime dates a long way back, but the details of the murder of George Ferguson, the Glendale stage driver, and the convic t tion of Harding are too fresh to need re citing. lIowever, there is a chapter of secret work connected with the case which will soon come out. On the night of May 22d Sheri ffJones began his tireless work in the search of the murderers, and on the 29th Harding was run down in Butte. With but a faint clue of identity JTonesbe gan the search for his accomplice, and it was as difficult and relentless as it was tiresome. The details will be gven later, and it can only be said now that the net work of circumstances so pointed to -Mi chael Kennedy- that County Attorney Barbour swore to a complaint, on infor mation and belief, charging Kennedy with the crime. It was ascertained that he was in Butte. A man nimed Ken nedy was arrested,but tur:ned out to be the wrong one. Then Sheriff Jones went up as stated, and he and Marshal Jolly ar rested Kennedy at Cectarville, and he is now in the Dillon jail.--Exaniiner. PHIL GIBSON, Insuralce and Real Estate. North Brtish & Morcautile Insurnezme Co. Fir.'rn'ls Fund Clifotoraii Commnercit~ Fidelitg d Casualty " Lands bought and sold on Commission Houses and stores to rent. Forwarding and PReceiving. BERT HUY, Architect, GREAT. FALLS, M;ONT. HUBERT MIV RitN, Carp.te , h1atior ' Builder. GREAT FALLS, MONTANA Estimata on all kinds of buildings furnished on application Correspondence solicited. Job Work a Specialty. Shop oppoite Great Fallsf Livery St ble. Dissolution Notice. Notice is hereby given that the co-partnership heretofore existing between Manery and Josiah Peb per under tlh firm name of Man cry & Peeper has bhen uliss",lved by mutUilu con a-nt3 Mr. 1aeper retiring. The bunsinesF will be carried on by Mr. Manery, who will collect a 1 accounts due the late firm and pa: all hill,. Great Fails. IS:SAC MANEIIY. Jan. lst 18T7. Josiah l'e.por. NOTIC'E. LAsD OaFICE AT HIENANA. MONi., January22. a217. a Complaint having been entered at this office by Frank E. Erwin against Robhrt E. Robinson for abandoning his homestead ontry No. 1559, dated March 21, 18., uponith S.W. 1_ N. ET. and lots 8, 4, and i. section 3, Tp. 1O, X. Rtngs I East, in Lewis and Clarke county, Montana with a view to the cancellation of said entry; the said parties are hereby summoned to appel)a.r at this office on the 17 day of March, 1897, at 1it) oclock a. in. to respond and furnish testimony concern ing the alleged abandonment. Said testimony to to be taken before Geo. W. Taylor Notary Publicat Great Falls, Mont., an the 1lth day of SMarch, 1,,7. S. W. LANOHORNB, Register. NOTICE. In the Probate Court in and for Choteau County, Territory of Montana. In the matter of the Estate of I Order to show cause why order EDWARD W. BALL, of sale of real es I tote shall not be Deceased I made. SILAB A. BEACILEY, the administrator of the estate of Rdward W, Ball, deceased, having filed his pstition herein praying for an order of sale of all of'the real estate of said de ceased, for the purposes therein set forth, at pri vate sale. It is therefore ordered by the jade of said court that all persons inteested in the estate of said dece.+ased, appear before the said Probate Court or.on Monday. the 14th day of February, 1887, at 10 o'clock in the forenoon of said day, at the court room of said Probate Counr at the city of Fort Benton, in said county of Choteau, to show cause why an order should not be granted to the said .dministrator to sell so much of the real estate of the said deceased Edward W Ball as shall be necessary. JNO. W. TATTAN; Dated January 5th, 1887. , Judge Notice of Final Entry. Laud Offi. at Helena. Montana jan. 17. ltti. iOTICm is hereby given that the following namedeettlsr has filed noticeof his intention to make final proof in support of his claim, and, that said proof will be made before thle clerk of District court in and for Choteau co. Montana at Fort Benrton. Mont. on March 12. 1.57. viz: Frederick r. Thurston. fer the Nli NR BSE's NE1.4 Sec 29 and N-W1-INW 1-I Sec 28 tp 20) NR 4 E. He names the following witnesses to prove his coxtinnous residonce upon, and cultivation of, said land. viz:Sil. A. Beachley. crank Pottle; Philip Gikhon, Herbert P. Rolfe, all! of Great ralls, Mont. S. W. I.Anuon.tu, Register Consolidated Natices of Final Entry. "re U. S. Land Ofice, Helena, Mont.. Jana-, 1.17 Notice is hereby given that the following nam ed settlers have filed notice of their int.n to makefinal proof on their respective claims be fore the clerk of the Feurth Judicial District at Fort Penton, Montana, on the l9th day of Februa ry 1,.87,aiz: 'Jonathan D. West. on pre-emotion D S No. 7, Si. forthe I ; s eeý 2 1)Tp 2N -i) E Witaueass: William Dann. Patrick Sweeney, Ti hew Foley arndti Albert J.HIuy all of G reatFella Montana ..etrick Sweeney. on pre-emiption D 9NO 7850, f Lots 1i. aand . sec3'Tp2)NR4 E Witnesses: William Dunn. Jonathan D West, Philip Gibson and Matthew Foley all of Grea Fills, Miontale Matthew Foley, on pre-emption Ds No~783l. for 1 5 l US of tea and oat Straw, 6ou S40 Tors ýf ay, - Also a hod aorrall for 'Stock. WANTED: 50 or i5 cows to take on shares for 2 or 3 years. Apply to G. W. GOODMAN, Belt P. 0., Miontana. GOLDMINESALOON SEXTON & McGEDDY, Props. Fine Brands of Liquors and Cigars in Stoek 1st.Ave. Souta,Great Falls. Witesiess: \ý !liain l)unn, Jnt'athan D West, Star V. V. .arter and Patrick Sweeney all of Giriet F:l's, io' ntina William Dann. on prz-emotion D s Nos 8) for theLot 4, s NMl-t and Sw'l-I El-t lec 3TP L). Ni 4 E witnesses : Pat!ick Sweeney. Jonathan D w et, .atthew r 1 "_y and Louis w Peck. all of Great Falls, Montana. S. w. LAn ao3raN. Register Notiee of Final ntry. Land Offi-: at Helena, Mont 1 Dee- 17th. 1,4ý4 Notice is hereby given thatthoiollowing-nam ad settler has filed notice of his intention to make final proof in snpport of his claim and that -aid proof will be made blefore Jao. W. Tattan Probate Judg:. Ciloteal county. at Y1ort Benton, on January 29th, ls87." viz: Franklin J. Ogilvie wh-e mads Pre'omotion DS No. tJai for the NW1 4 ee 82 Tp 20 NRi 4 E. He names the following witnessea to prove his conrinuons residence up on and cultivation of, said land, viz: Howard (riss, Grow H. McKean< James East- I man antd Will Hanks, all of Great Fe lie, l' cat. S. W. Langhorne, Register. Notice of Final Entry. Land Office at Helena, Mont. Dec 1. 1.83 Notice is hereby given that thefollowing-nam ed citizen has filed notice of his intention to make final proof in support of his claim, and that said proof will be made before the Clerk of tt e ith Judicial District of Montana in and for Chotearrcounty. at Fort Benton. Mont., on Feb ruary 19. 1887, viz: Felicia H. Kimball who made pre-amption D S No 6270, for the SwA..i Xwl- and Lots 3 and5 sec 4 and S1-4I NE1-I see 5. Tp 19, N R 3 east. ne names the following witnesses to prove his continuous rsidcenai upon and cultivation of said land. viz: David Thomas, of Johnstown, Mont.. John Comer of Sun River, Mont., Urina Wakefieldand Willam Morgan of GreatFalls, Montana. 8 W Langhorno; I9tgister Notice of Final Entry... Land Office at Halena.Mont. Dec. 29th. 1846. . Notice is heraby given that the following named settler has filed notice of his intention to make final proof in support of his claim, antd that said proof will be nmade before John W. Tattan, Probate Judge in and for Chio tean County at Fort Benton, on February 7th 18+.1 viz:.Josephus Hamilton, r::,, made Ho-. esteadl application No. 2780 for the ..e5'i - s ,. 2t ) N R I east. He names the following witnesses to prove his continuous residence upon, and cultivation of said land,viz: Gustave Kriakson, Joisothan Goon, dward T. Canary and Jerry Quesnele, all of Great Falls, Montana. S. W. L.ANGHOnc , Register. Notice of- Final:Entry. Land Oflit. sai aletna, Mont i Dec -29, 1886 Notice is hereby given that the following-nam ed settler has filed notice off his intention t, make final proof in support of his claim, and that said proof will be made before the clerk of the 4th Jadicial District Comurt in and for (?hoteau county at Fort Benton on February 12, 18.7, viz: William F. Junkin. who made pre-emption D s No6.91 for the Lots 1 and 2 andE.. Nwl- see 31 Tp2t), NR4east. IIo names the foll swing-witnesses to prove his continuous residence upon, and cultivation of said land, viz: James j.]aenstman, Nathaniel W Dunbar, Hiram H. Horton and Thomas F. 8em mes, all of Great. Falls, Montana. S W Langhorne, Register NOTICE OF FINAL ENTRY. Land Office at Helena Montana Dec 29, 18186 Notice is hereby given that ths following nam ed settler has filid notice of hisintention to make final proof in support of hisstlaim, and that said roof will be made before John W Tattan Probate Judg°, and ex-officio clerk. ('hoteau county, Montana at Fort IBnton, Mont on Febhruary 12? &187. viz George A, Chichester, who mad' pre-emption D s No 6,. 254. fortheE ' NSE-land E'' 8E1-4 sec:lTp20) 1 NR t east. He names the following witnesses to prove his continuous residence noon. and eulti. ration of. said land, viz: Jama, J. Eastman. Nath aniel W Dunbar, Hliram H. Horton and Thoumas F. Semmes, all of Great Falls. Montana. F. W. La.ghorne: Register JyO FRITZATIIRICK., ARCHI HUT& 5i8 Chambher of Commerce, St.. Pau! H P. ROLFE, * • Attornoy-at-taw, Special attention given to land entries of all: kinds and tocontests in the land office Ut U DS ty MiRJen. STurveyl Helona and G(eat FaIls In adv.ete will seene the GREAT F '.LLsTatRIBUn ~IOS. URSULINE CONVENT --OF ThE At Saint Peter's Uission NearpOrt - Shaw,,ML T. Will ReRai Wednesaky Septcalab~!;1886.. This institution is sit'mted in one cb the most, beautiful locations in Mon.tana. nder the diree-. tion of the Ursuline Nuaa;for the ptr~pseof af-. fording the young girlU.every advantge.or. ob-. taiuing asilid and usei.. education. - Tnitionfree. Bonad$..kper mont, For fr, ther yarticulars address MOI HER SUPERIOR, For'wt.s2hlard* ST. PETER'S MISSION' Boarding - School - fore--foys. Under the Directiges of the Fakhers of tke. Socie jof Jesus. Will Reopel Wednsday Septera er-r; I&f8. The object of thisinstitution is- hafford means f a eolid, moral, .antal and ph-ieail ed.q natn to ioys. Tuition free. Board $10 per m.nth. Forfusr ther particularsa yaply to r. J. DAMLI.-I S'., b. h a vw Di(mt H. HICHA.DLE , ASSAYER, Griat Fall%,. MRSit. Saimples sent by mail'ot-eapress carefiuly assayed, and` zetarns prom]t~y made. Chargas rrson able.. This SpactSeservu'fDr'ie -- IIt• Edge WM. CROOKS, PROP. Over 6,000,000 PEOPLE USE FERRY'S SEEDS 1 tm FERRY 4a&t tREa to atiR