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GREAT FALLS TRIBUNE.
WEEKLY TRIBUNE, PUBLIS H EV.MRY SATURBDAY BY THE TRIBUNE PUBLISHING COMPANY, S[INOORPOATEmD] WILL ILNYKS, President. IT. O. CHIIOWEN, Vice-Pres. C. M. IVEBS'TLR, See. and Treeas ADVERTISING RATES FURNISHED ONAP PLICATION. SUBSCRIPTION RATES. Onscopy 1 year, (in advance) ...............$.00 4ocopy 6 months......................... 1.50 Obe copy 3 months........................ 1.S0 O is an copies......................... 10 Strictly in ad vance. The icaulation of the TnRIBuNin Northern Montana is guaranteed to ex. eed that of any pa per published in the territory. ýnbscribers desiring their address changed must send their former address; this should be ramembered. Address, TRIBUNE PUBLISHING Co. SATURDAY. APRIL 23, 1887. No HIYDRAULIC ENGINEER has yet meaS ured the water power owned by the Great Falls Water Power & Land Company, but men who have had years of experi ence around some of the great water powers of the East estimate the available water power from the head of the rapids to the foot of Rainbow falls to be not less than 1,000,000 horse power. This im mense water power can all be made avail able at the Black Eagle and Rainbow Falls. TIE Montana equine is rapidly advanc ing to the front, and the industry promises much to the careful breeder. The Stock grower's Jcernal says that the western range-bred horse is steadily gaining in fa vor is a well known fact, that their supe rior endurance and soundness of constitu tion is admitted. This country is particu larily adaptlt to the business of horse rais ing and there is no danger'of the business being overdone; the foreign demand and the demand from the eastern cities will always exceed the supply for years to come and the range-bred horse will al ways hold his own. TISE SALEs of lots in Great Falls are steadily increasing. Not a day passes that a number of sales are not made with the building condition attaqhed. The buildings already under contract with the townsite company, to be built this year, will not fall far short of $300,000. Never in the history of the country west of the ;Mississippi has as much confidence been shown in any other town so far distant from rail and water transportation as in Great Falls. The plain reason is that in vestors have faith in the great water power advantages of this place, and the substantial resources for the employment of capital and labor that lie immediately around it. The fact cannot be decried that we have here more solid advantages for the building of a large city than are found at any point in the Far West. T.AEE is a law, although somew hat of a t dead letter, which forbids the importation e of cheap labor. When this law is put into a effect to protect natural born or naturaliz- 1p ed American citizens, it is a good law, but when it is to protect those who are not American citizens,.it is a veiy bad one. o Mr. Powderly, and men of his ilk, have P been placed at the head of labor unions to protect, among other things, the members f thereof from suffertig by the importation i of this cheap labor. While it is not the intention of the writer to comment upon r labor unions, he must say that it is a no- - ticeable fact that many of the loudest talk- t ers in these labor unions are not citizens N of the United States, and that therefore n they have no right to protest against other t foreigners comingto America to earn their bread, no matter for what wages they i work. The object of this article is to in vite the attention of Mr. Powderly and labor unions to the fact that a most flagrant case of importation of cheap labor has oc curred, and is to be repeated, and worse than all the labor comes from Africa. The 1 following article from the Chicago Herald will explain the case. "J. B. Parkes, a substantial farmer, liv ing near Kingston, Madison county, Ken Atucky, has successfully trained a force of -seven large monkeys to work in his hemp fields and to break and prepare the hemp :for market. They do the work more quickly and better than the men he for perly employed, and at about one-fourth the cost. It required about four months of patient labor to train the animral#but they now dB their tasks with rare intelli e . The monkeys are sent to Mr. rkes by a brother who is in business in Capetown, South Africa, and who has seen the animals put tosimilar uses there. Mr. Parkes has sent for. ten more of the useful imitators of human workmen, six of them to be used by John W. Taylor, a neighboring farmer, whobe is also an exten silveraiser of hemp." h-d. eof Darwin, has America dome to this Up, trales unitos, Powder around loosely, bttihaveeurge bloomtl Most of the imported cheap-w - "a s tothe place where McGlyjULaem went ofnf:,lns THE spirit of liberality which is mani- I fest by the people of Great Falls when v any enterprise of true merit is brought to c their notice, augures well for the future I prosperity of the place. There is a con- 1 spicuous absence of the pigish policy of t wanting everything for nothing. The re- i cent meeting called to secure aid for the t completion of the Neihart road is a fair sample. It required no long-winded, flowery speech to attain the object in view. A simple statement of facts, with the as surance that the money subscribed would be honestly expended upon the road was all that was needed to open the purse strings of our people. The subscription which amounted to over $1000, collected 4 in less than six hours, in a town of the 3 size of Great Falls is something remarka ble. To the resident of Neihart, who are laboring so dilligently to secure the com - pletion of this highway, this subscription I will go a long way, not only in the amount e of labor it will pay for, but it will cement a kindly feeling toward our place, which in an indirect way will be returned to us doubled many times. It will also go to show the people of the prosperous camps of the Belt mountains, that Great Falls has an interest in their prosperity and will as sist them in any enterprise which is de serving. IN- POINT of railroad advantages, Great Falls will soon take the lead of all -MSon .tana towns. The close of the present year will find it the equal of any town in the territory in railroad facilities, and here after, as other railroads are built into Montana, Great Falls can be easily reached from the east without crossing or tunnel ing through ranges of mountains. This is already looked upon at the East as the strong point in Montana, because of the certainty that it will be the great central point for treating the ores of this country, and because of its coal and iron interests. - When therefore the development of the water power is begun, and the working of our coal and iron mines is fairly com s menced, all railroads heading toward I Montana will make this an objective point. 1 Where freight is produced in large quan tities railroads are sure to go, as is illus trated by Minneapolis and Butte, two most important freight - producing and labor- employing centers. AccoRDING to the Chicago- Jeornal of Commerce, says the Bismarck Tribune there are over 21,000 miles of new railway projected for this year, and while it will simply be impossible to get sufficient steel to rail this unprecedented extension ofva :io :s iine-s. it4s conlidently expected that I at least 14,000 miles will be completed be t fore January 1, 1838. This, with the old 1 track to be relaid, about 18,000 miles, will require over 4,500,000 tons of steel. It is said"that steel rail manufactories are re fusing to take more orders for this season's t delivery. Jim Hill, who last year bought the steel for the Dakota extension of the .tlanitoba road, saved over $800,000 by the r transaction-the difference in the price of 1 rails last year and this. The year of 1887 will be a year of railroad booms and town site speculations. Money is plenty a throughout the country; confidence in pres ent values and future stability is unshaken, o and the west will come in for her share of prosperity. UNLIKE many of the great water powers t of the land, that at the falls of the Missouri 1 will never suffer from drought. Those t who caw the Missouri river here at the falls last summer, the dryest season known in this country for years, will remember that after the rapid decline ofethe spring rise the river maintained the same un varied flow during the summer and until the cool weather of October caused its volume to increase somewhat. This is a most important advantage, and is due to the fact that the Missouri river is fed by never-failing springs, found everywhere in the mountains, from the National Park north to the International boundary. THE April number of Smalley's North west Magazine, is devoted almost entirely to the industries of Minneapolis, and con tains illustrations of many of the elegant buildings in that city. Mr. Smalley has has done a great work for the northwest, particularly that portion contiguous to the Northern Pacific railroad. While in Hel f ena a few weeks ago, he told the writer that he would be a passenger upon the P first train which entered Great Falls on the Manitoba line. He. has great confi I denceintheprosperousfuture'bf our grow. ing city. Ovma two hundred and fifty men are now employed .upon the Montana Central i tunnel near Wickes. Thia force will be increased' as fast as borom can be made. e Upon the Manitoba extension work is pro Sgressing rpidly, andievery effort is being " made to push it ahead as far as possible early in the season, so that any unforseen bo obstacle which may come up later on, will t: not interfere with the completion. of the Sline to rea.1 ta It the stted time. is AT themheeting of the oonta ckStock growers o t at Miles city recent ly, Mr. Molder of the Manitoba railroad who was present, was called upon to ad- r dress the meeting, and briefly stated "that a his read was not prepared at present to lay down any policy owing to the unset- ii tied state of affairs brought about by the , inter-state commerce law, but that when the Manitoba got into Montana and was preparedl for business they would befound willing to meet the people half way in the establishment of business relations." TILE northwestern Indian commission, now treating with the Idaho Indians, has been d'cted by the department to hasten their la or so far as consistent. It is the desire of the department to have all the preliminaries executed before the next session of congress, so that the treaties may I be reported and actedjupon early in the ses sion. It is thought that the rapid advance westward of the Manitoba extension, has stirred up the officials. THE APPOINTMENT of Judge McCon nel of Tennessee chief justice of Montana by President Cleveland is a flagrant vibla tion of the plank inserted in the platforms of both parties at their last presidential convention. While there is no question as to the ability of the appointee, yet Mon tana has suitable material to fill all its offices within the gift of the president. TIHE offer of President J. J. Hill of the Manitoba, to return 75 per cent of the bonus subscribed by the citizens of the town of Aberdeen, Dak., to secure the en try of his road into their city, is certainly a remarkable one, and so different from the adopted policy of wealthy and soulless corporations, that it is deserving of wide dissemination. THE River Press thinks the sensational "specials" relative to the Blood Indians will culminate in the Dominion govern ment taking steps to prevent a repetition of their raids. TERRITORIAL TIDINGS. Deer Lodge will soon revel in the luxury of water-works. The output of the Drum Lummon mine for March was nearly ,j200,000. Boulder is enjoying a temporary boom, the effect of the railroad work in that vicinity. The salting of a prospect hole near Butte was the raging sensation in that camp last week. O The Utah & Northern railroad has 500 men engaged widening the guage of its line in this territory. S hoteau had a shooting scrape last week, , in which one Charles Skeels shot his mis 1 tress through'the hand. s They had what is termed a jug-breaking - festival at Townsend last week. Wonder s if it is a prohibition scheme? t The Drummond & Philipsburg railroad survey has been finished, andwork will begin at once upon the grade. Helena has two base ball nines. They may expect a challenge from the Great Falls club before the season has ended. Travel to the National Park has already commenced. It is thought the number of visitors will be greater this year than ever before. Out of a band of 8,000 cattle ranging on the upper Yellowstone there was a loss of less than 8 per cent by actual count during the past winter. Deer Lodge has been howling for a town hall for a long time, and according to the New Northwest arrangements have been effected which will secure its erection. There is likely to be a scrap to the finish' between Jim Bates and Jack Law rence, of territorial thumnping fame. Won der what has become of the law in rela tion to prize fighting? BRIEFS. A rock-slide at Buena Vista, Col., killed eight or ten men; Clapp & Davies, jewellers, Chicago, have failed for $275,000. A well-known spiritualist was exposed in Boston recently. Last week's immigration was 13,585, mostly Scandinavians. Secretary Whitney is thinking of organ izing a naval reserve. The Illinois house has passed a bill to freeze out alien land holders. Second Auditor Daymay succeed Judge Maynard as second comptroller. The treasury department refuses totake 1 trade dollars in'payment of dues. :Federal and state authorities are clash ing over Sliquor pase at August, MIe. Ten arrests have been made at Fontana, SWi., for tar and fearshsrin . .a . a Qom. Werner, a teanher i a sauburb of Milwankqe, killed a iefrator pul Te coeilon bil was ,deuece y a i nse Washington mah meeting. 'he Unutaat chnrk- cha .losed a fourn s+as sefouas lm - I.ow ? At Lena, Wis., James Carlin shot Mau rice Beanschaud, mistaking him for an old enemy. It is stated that Commander Green pos itively forbade the British men-of-war to seize Tortugas Island. Mrs. Sarah E. Howe, of Boston, of Woman's bank fame, has absconded with $5,000 of the depositors' money. Secretary Whitney has awarded to the Bethlehem Iron Works company, of Penn sylvania, the $4,512,938 contracts for steel. Premier Norquay by a coup d'etat re tained himself in power in Manitoba re centy. The roads to run the boundary will be granted. The consumption of distilled spirits in this country increased from 43,000,000 gallons in 1840 to 72,000,000 gallons in 1886, of wines from 4,000,000 to 22,000,000, and of malt liquors from 23,000,000 to 642,000,000. The managers and trustees of the Amer ican school of classical studies at Athens, and Greece, gave a dinner to James Rus sell Lowell in New York. Addresses were made by George William Curtis and Mr. Lowell. The remains of Abraham Lincoln and wife have been transferred from the secret grave to the north vault of the monument at Springfield. The President's body was remarkably well preserved. A Corner in Wheat. San Francisco special: It is becoming more evident each dad that wheat on this market is being cornered. Those who are s not in the ring positively assert so, and a call attention to the fact that the present ruling prices are higher here than those of the wheat market anywhere else in the i- world. William Desbach, president of s the Produce Exchange, has bought enorm ous quantities in the lastlthree months, 2 and is till taking all he can get. Those who hie reason to know say hp is buying not only on his own account, but also for the Nevada bank and John W. Mackey, and the intention is to run prices up high er, until they have absolutely cornered the entire surplus wheat crop of California. Several members of the Produce exchange have filed complaints against the alleged , corner, and have petitioned the directors t to set a figure for marginal purposes, be yond which no member of the board can go. A Gold Nugget. News reached here yesterday that a nugget, supposed to weigh 40 oun:ces. was taken out of the placer ground known as the Gallavan & Booth claim, on Potosi gulch, yesterday morning. This is the largest find in the shape of a nugget yet obtained in Cceur d'Alene, and if the news is verified it will prove a rare golden egg for the lucky owners to possess at the approach of Easter. The intelligence was brought to Murray by a reliable party and much confidence is placed in the report.-U-.ur d'Alene Sun, 9th. ---e----- The girls at Bryn Mawr have adopted the Oxford cap and gown. Some of the Vassar students want to do likewise, but President Taylor forbids. Both they and the Bryn Mawr girls are pretty enough without any old-fashioned scholastic dis guise; but there is no reason why they should not wear it if they want to. H. 0. Chowen. . C. M. Webster. Chowen & Webster, Dealers in Real Estate. Abstracts of Title Furnished. Great Falls, - - - Montana. fouse, ign& arriage Iainter. Graining, Glazing, Paper-Hanging, Wall Coloring and Mural Decorating, a Specialty. .-----All Work will Receive Prompt Attention.---- Estimates Furnishen on Application . Leave orders at Ben Lapeyre's drugi store. GREAT FLLSr, Rol.' Grand Union Hote Coal tor Sale. The undersigned are prepared to ftrni coal on short notice. JoE HExnam . tf. GEO. MATHEWS. Notice. From this date on meals sent or taken out will be charged extra. D.C. EnHRHuAT, Prop. Park Hotel. -i ;Notice-Timber Culture. U. S. Land Office, Helena, M. T., April9th, 1887. S Complaint having been entered at this office by William J. Bower against John Woods, far failure to comply with law as to timber culture entry No. 1191, dated January 22d, 1I885 upon the NY, NW and N14 NE34 see 27, tp 20N RS E, in Lewis and Clarke county, Montana, with a view to the cancellation of said entry; contestant al leging that the claimant has failed to break or caused to be broken five acres of land the first year. and has up to the present ti~ie failed to comely with the requirements of the timber edl ture law. The said parties are hereby summoned to appear at this office on the 27th day of May 1887 at 10 o'clock a. m. to respond and furnish testimony concerning said alleged failure. Said testimony to be taken before Gee. E. Huy,Notary Public at Great Falls, Montana, commencing on the 20th day of May A. W, LAxoaoax Register. Notice--Timber Culture. US. Land Office, Helena, Montana, March 80, 1887. Complaint having been entered at this ofice by Gust Albert Johnson against Alexander N. Burczynski for failure to comply with law as to Timber-Culture Entry No. 1455, dated March 18. 1886 upon the E % NE 3 4, SW % NE 1. and NE t Si ?1 of section 21. township 19 N, range 3 E, in Choteau county, Montana, with a view to the cancellation of said entry: centestant alleging that the claimant has failed to break or cause (o be broken, five acres of land the .cst year, and has failed up to the present time to comply with the requirements of the timber-culture law. Wherefore, the said parties are hereby sum moned to appear at this office on the 92th day of r May, 1887, at 10 o'clock a. m., to respond ad furnish testimony concerning said alleged fail u ore, The testimony to be used to be taken be fore Geo. E. Huy, notary public, at Great Falls, Montana, on the 17th dai of May, 1887. SI . W. LaicHoxa, Register. tNotice of Final Entry. Land Office at Helena, Montana, April 19,1887. Notice is hereby given that the following-nam ed settler has filed notice of his intention to make final proof in support of his claim, and that said proof will be made before Register and ' Receiver at Helena, Montana, on June 14, 1887, viz: Lewis L. Jones who made pre-emption D. 8. No.4134, for the 13i SW14 and lot 9, section 12, and lot, section 11, tp. 19,N. B, 2 east, 'He names the following witnesses to prove his continuous residence upoe. and cultivation' of, said land, viz: William Negus and Coles P.Van Wert of Helena, Montana, Henry Evans and Alfred A. Berbank of Truly, Montana. S. W. LA.enoaN. Register. J. A. CARRIER, Watchmaker & Jeweler, P. D. Builiug . reat Falls. Repairing of all kinds done prompt lo and warranted. Charges Reasonable. Fine watch repairing a specialty. 3 ERT H.Y, Architect. GREAT FALLS. MONT. J H. FAIRFIELD,M.D. PHYSICIAN AND SURGEON, Great Falls . . . . . Montana.