FIRST NATIONAL BANi
OF GREAT FALLS.
CAPITAL, - - - $50,000.00
C. A. BROADWATER, - President
H. O. CaowEN, - Vice-President
L. G. PHELPS, - Cashier
A. E. DicKERMAN, - Ass't Cashier
E. A. BROADWATER, T. E. COLLINS,
PARIS GIBSON, MARTIN MAGINNIS,
ROBERT VAUGHN, JOHN LEPLEY,
H. O. CHOWEN, A. E. DICKERMAN,
L. G. PHELPS.
A general banking business transacted.
Exchange drawn on the principal points in the
States and Europe.
Prompt attention given to collections.
Interest allowed on time deposits.
GREAT FALLS TRIBUNE.
SATURDAY, JULY 2. 1887.
WALTER M. O'DWYER, EDITon.
TO THE PUBLIC.
Until further notice Will IHanks nrdl
have entire control ,f the lahily awndl ,"emli
Business Manager Tribune Publishing Co.
June 30, 1887.
GREAT REDI'C'ION WORhKs'.
It is now well understood that Mr.
James J. Hill and associate capitalists
will commence works at the falls for
reducing and refining gold and silver
ores, immediately on the completion
of the Manitoba railway to this place.
It is not, however, generally known
that these works are to be on a scale
of great magnitude, and that their
construction will involve the expen
diture of a very large amount of capi
tal. It is Mr. Hill's intention to es
tablish at the falls of the Missouri
the most extensive and complete
works on this continent for the treat
ment of ores, and Great Falls is to be
made the northwestern center for this
industry, the same as Minneapolis has
been made, through its water-power
and money power, the western center
for the milling of wheat.
At some eligible spot in this part of
the west capital and enterprise can
create a great center for reducing the
ores of the precious metals. The re
quisite capital and enterprise to build
up such an industrial center are at
hand, and Great Falls appears to be
the point selected. Now, the only
question to be decided is, can the
business be carried on here to better
advantage than at any other place in
or near the Montana division of the
Rocky mountains. We answer most
emphatically that Great Falls is su
perior to all other places in the west
for this business:
I. Because it has an immense and
II. Because it has an almost inex
haustible supply of coking coal, iron
ore and limestone.
III. Because, having an altitude of
only 3,300 feet, the ore from all the
mining districts of a vast mineral
region can be delivered to it at the
lowest price per mile known to rail
Added to these advantages is the
fact that Great Falls is situated in
the center of the best and most exten
sive agricultural portion of Montana.
It has been understood, for four or
five years past, that this place possess
ed unrivalled advantages for treating
the ores of the Rocky mountains, and
now the time is near at hand when
these advantages will contribute not
only to the benefit of Great Falls, but
to the prosperity and development of
The Rocky Mountain Husbandman
expects that this will be a good year
for the stock-raisers. It says: "The
beef market rules low, at present, yet
we have good hopes of better prices
this fall. We especially feel that
Montana beaves will bring a fair price.
There are several reasons for this.
We, in the first place, look for an im
provement in the market, and, in the
second place, will put forth a finer lot
of cattle than have gone east since
the first shipments in the early days
of the industry. Then there were
numerous steers four years old and
upwards, and they were fat and heavy,
Last year many herds, and some
trains already started east,were turned
back, and we will have thousands of
full-grown steers to go to the sham- 1
bles this year. In addition to this, the
grass isvery luxuriant and the ranges i
ire no being worked, and the cattle
.will have a most excellent opportunity
to fatten. In view of this fact we ex
pect to see Montana beef rate Al in
the Chicago market this fall, and, as
quality and weight always tells, it is
not unreasonable to expect much bet
ter prices than were realized a year
ago." It may be added that the stock
yards at St. Paul and Minneapolis
will render it needless to send our
steers to Chicago. This will reduce
the receipts in that market and help
to keep prices firm. We hope the
time is near when it will pay to dis
tribute dressed beef from Great Falls,
as well as from Kansas City, whence
the twin cities are now largely sup
THE LICENSE TAX.
County treasurers will be kept busy
collecting the license taxes which go
into effect to-day. The taxes impos
ed are direct, and as such are likely to
incur the hostility which such imposts
generally arouse. There are some
obvious defects in the law, which it is
hoped the legislature will remove at
the extra session. Among these is
the tax of $100 per quarter, or $300
year, on commercial travelers, which
cannot be imposed on those from
other states, although our own
"drummers" are subject to it. In
the good time coming we hope to see
all licenses disappear, except those on
saloons and gambling-houses. Such
is the case in Minnesota and most
commonwealths blessed with state
Pro Bono Publico
Since Adam's fall we all were made
Dependerts and to live by trade,
And he is the best that can produce
An article of the greatest use.
So, come, my friends, and let me take
The measure of your feet, and make
New boots and shoes with strictest care
And them that's old let me repair.
A. C. BROWN,
Third Street, near First-av. South. Great Falls
Across the Missouri river at Great Falls,
both above and below the mouth
of Sun river,
ARE THE SAFEST
the most complete and best equipped
of any on the upper Missouri.
Remember, when crossing the Missouri. to
take the new boat, and avoid all darger. Good
approaches to both boats. W. O. DEXTER.
A . G. LADD, M. D.,
PHYSICIAN AND SURGEON.
Office hours: 9 to 11 a. m. and 2 to 4 p. m.
Oifice at Lapeyre Brothers' drug store.
JH. FAIRFIELD, M. D.,
PHYSICIAN AND SURGEON.
Great Falls, Montana.
F B. NORRIS,
All dental work done carefully and thorough
ly. Gold Crowns, Parcelain Faced Crowns and
Bridge work a specialty. Great Falls, Montana.
JOHN W. STANTON,
ATTORNEY AT LAW AND
Will practice in all courts of the territory.
Special attention given to real estate and mining
cases. Great Falls, Montana.
GEORGE W. TAYLOR,
ATTORNEY AT LAW AND
Special attention given to real estate and land
entries. Office: Over Nathan's store, Central
avenue, Great Falls, Montana.
THOS. E. BRADY,
ATTORNEY AND COUNSELOR
Office: Central avenue, opposite the Park hotel,
Great Falls, Montana.
S A. BALLIET,
ATTORNEY AT LAW AND
Rooms 4 and 5 Birkenfeld Building. Main Street,
JAMES M. AUSTIN,
ATTORNEY AND COUNSELOR
Commercial. collection and real-property law
Careful attention given to U.S. Land Office
Buys and sells real property.
Titles examined and abstracts furnished.
Taxes paId for non-residents.
Office in Talbott House (near Bank of Great
Falls), Great Falls, Montana.
Notice for Final Proof.
U. S. Land Office, Helena, Montana,
May 27, 1887.
Notice is hereby given that the following
named settler has filed notice of his intention
to make final proof in support of his claim, and
that said proof will be made before Register and
Receiver at Helena, Montana, on July 19, 1887,
viz: John P. Dyas, administrator of the estate of
John Carroll, deceased, who made pre-emption
.S. .No. 6252. for the SW. 7 of the BE. t of
section 2, and the N. t' of the NW. t and the
NW. / of the NE.! of section 11, in township 18
N., range 1E.
He names the following witnesses to prove his
continuous residence upon and eultivation oa,
said land, viz: James L, Perkins, William C.
Swett, Georie HMNpllery and GeorgeTravis, all
8.WA LANGUQt NE, Reglater,
ALL ABOUT GREAT FALLS.
Facts for Our Visitors on the Fourth
-The Growth and Prospects
of the City Briefly
The city of Great Falls, as our visitors,
may observe, is located beautifully at the
famous series of cataracts of the Missouri,
at the junction of the latter river with
Sun river-one hundred miles north of
Helena and forty miles south of Fort Ben
ton, the head of navigation. It is sixty
miles from the main range of the Rockies,
forty miles from the Big Belt mountains,
all of which are rich in mineral resources.
It is surrounded with picturesque scenery,
and occupies a natural townsite upon
broad, gentle-sloping bench-lands. It is
laid out with wide streets, and lots 50 by
150 feet. A system of parks and drives
has already been inaugurated by planting
and maintaining trees along the entire
river line of the townsite. Over $400,000
will be expended here in improvements
during the present year. No town in the
west has started with such varied re
sources, backed by unlimited capital.
A GREAT RAILROAD CENTER.
By the 1st of October next, Great Falls
will be the western terminus of the Saint
Paul, Minneapolis & Manitoba railway,
and the eastern terminus of the Montana
Central; the former connecting it with
Lake Superior and Saint Paul and Min
neapolis, the latter with Helena, Butte,
Anaconda and other important mining
districts of the Rocky mountains. Another
road will also be built immediately from
here southwest into the coal and iron
fields of Sand Coulee. This branch will
be extended into the siver-mining section
of the Belt mountains, thus making Great
Falls, at once, one of the most important
railroad centers in Montana. Here at
Great Falls will be erected the western
machine shops of the main line of the
The falls of the Missouri furnish the
larges available water-power on the con
tinent, estimated to be equal to at least
one million horse-powers. The bed of the
river is such as to guarantee absolute per
manency of the water-power, and the
sources of the Missouri are such that the
volume of water varies but slightly
throughout the year. Improvements upon
the falls are to be commenced immediate
ly by the construction of dams and canals,
preparatory to the erection of works for
reducing and refining the ores of this
country. The engineering work has al
ready been commenced under the super
vision of one of the most eminent hydrau
lic engineers of the day.
COA.\L AND IRON ABUNDANT.
In close proximity to Great Falls lie the
vast coal, iron and limestone deposits of
Sand Coulee, covering, so far as known, an
area of about three hundred square miles.
This coal makes an excellent quality of
coke; and the iron, being almost entirely
free from phosphorous, is especially
adapted to the manufacture of bessemer
At this immense water-power, surround
ed, as it is, with an inexhaustible quantity
of coal, iron and limestone, the ores of the
precious metals can be treated at a less
cost per ton than at any other point on
this continent. It is the intention of the
Great Falls Water-Power & Townsite
Company to commence at once the erec
tion of works -for reducing and refining
gold, silver and copper ores, and for the
manufacture of iron and steel. This work
will be pushed to completion as rapidly
as possible, in conjunction with the de
velopment of the water-power.
TIHE FLOUR INDUSTRY.
Not only will the wheat grown in
northern Montana be tributary to Great
Falls, but the connection of this point
with the wheat-fields of the Saskatchewan
and the Pacific coast will make it the larg
est and most prominent flouring town west
AGRICULTURE AND GRAZING.
Great Falls is situated in the garden
spot of Montana. The lands surrounding
it for hundreds of miles, yield most abund
ant grasses; and. its prairies and table-lands
are especially adapted to the raising of
wheat, oats and barley without irrigation.
At the very doors of Great Falls are
found in unlimited quantities building
sandstone, than which there is none better
in the United States. It varies in color
from white to deep brown, and is suscepti
ble of elegant dressing. Here, too, are
large deposits of brick clay and terra-cotta
A GOOD CLIMATE.
No climate is more healthful than that
of Montana. Although it occupies a high
latitude, its climate is so influenced by
winds from the Pacific ocean that its mean
temperature in winter is about the same as
that of Central Illinois. It has periods of
intense cold, but they are of short dura
tion. Though the weather is warm in
summer, the nights are rendered cool by
gentle mountain breezes.
TIlE POPULTATION INCREASING.
The present population of Great Falls is
about one thousand and is increasing rap
idly, although no effort has been made by
the townsite company to induce people to
come here. The natural advantages of
Great Falls are such as to insure its be
coming the greatest industrial center west
of Minneapolis; and as thousands of men
will find employment in its various indus
tries, its growth is sure to be rapid and
substantial. It will, at no distant day. be
come the most populous city between the
Mississippi river and the Pacific ocean.
An Established Fact is that Prices are Lowest at the
I xO , L B .A.. ..A...
HELENA, MONT, Send For Samples & Prices and be Convinced.
MURPHY, MACLAY & CO.
Wholesale and Retail
and Dealers in
S. E. Cor. Central Ave. and Second St., Great Falls.
Great Falls, Montana,
Dealer in FURNITURE
Bedding, Mirrors, Chromos, Cabinetware, etc.
Complete STOCK and LOW Prices.
MLVJail Orders olicited.
A. M. HOLTER, Pres. M. M. HOLTER, Vice-Pres. J. W. McLeod, Sec. & Treas.
CHAS. WEGNER, General Manager.
HOLTER LUMBER CO.
Incorporated. Capital, $100,000.
I 881 A8lso0 in Cllone, Gat Falls PlinMi
Lumber, Flooring, Siding, Shingles, Lath, Doors,
Windows, Lime and-Building Material.
DR. R. F, FOOTE,
Broadway, . - - Helena, Mont
(ABOVE HERALD OFFICE)
J. D. MrlNTIRE, (HAS. MCINTIRE,
Chief Engineer Sun R. Canal. Co. Surveyor
MclNTIRE BR S.,
GREAT FALLS. - - - MONTANA
J OY & FITZPTRICK,
58 Chamber of Commerce, St. Paul
Hf P. ROLFE,
Special attention given to land entries of all
kinds and to contests in the land office
U S Deputy Mineral Surveyor
Helena and Great Falls
FIRE, LIFE AND ACCIDENT
A line of the strongest and
most popular companies. Assets represented
S.. P. PANTON,
Office: First door east of First National Bank,
CANARY & SHAW,
Wholesale Dealers in
Proprietors of the Sand Coulee Lime Kilos,
Leave orders at Bank of Great Falls.
L. S. AUSTIN,
Walker Building, Main St., Helena,
Results by return mail or by telegraph, as
Send for a circular of instructions for mailing
ore samples, etc.
ALEX. R. LAPEYRE. BEN E. LAPEYRE.
Dealers in Fresh I)rugs, Patent Medicines, Paints, Oils, Lamps, Wall and Building
Paper, Cigars, etc. Prescriptions compounded at all hours.
Central Avenue, Great Falls.
DUNLAP & MITCHELL,
Dealers in Groceries and Provisions.
A Share of Your Patronage Solicited.
Cor. 3d ave. south and 2d st. GREAT FALLS, MONT.
Eclipse Livery Stable
HAMILTON & EATON, Proprietors.
Cor. First Ave. South and Fourth St.
Corral and Accommodations for Feeding; the Largest and
Best Stable in Great Falls, Montana.
. PWe have a cook and bunk-house, together with cooking utensils, free for the use of patrons.
H. O. CHOWEN, PRESTON KING, F. B. WILCOX.
President. Vice-President. Sec. and Treas.
CATARACT MILL COMIPANY
Manufacturers of the fol- Cataract,
lowing Brands of High
Grade Flour: Gold Dust,
CAST PAID FOR WHEAT. 111L FEE FOR SALE.
Great Falls, Montana.
GOLD MINE SALOON
Charles McGeady, Proprietor.
Fine Brands of Liquors and Cigars in Stock
First Ayenue South, bet. Third and Fourth Streets, Great Falls-
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