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FOR THOSE WHO NEED FACTS A UOITT NORTHERN MONTANA. Opinions of a Military Officer on the New Wheat Belt-Good Crops of Oats MRaied Evelt by IndtUns. The veteran agricultural editor, Orange Judd. prints in the Orange Judd Farmer of Chicago a letter from a military officer stationed at Fort Assinnaboine. The in formation therein applies to the country around Great Falls and confirms the opin lons which Mr. Gibson has expressed up on their fertility. The officer speaks of the prairie lying to the west of Assinnn Loine, whence it extends for over a hun dred miles to the Rocky Ridge foothills of the main Rocky mountain range. He says that "it is intersected by several creeks issuing from the Sweet Grass hills, has an average of about 2,000 feet above the sea and is destined to become as fair a wheat country as any part of Dakota." "WATEr.-In travelling over the prairie and bench lands I see more indications of water close to the surface than I used to see five or six years ago on some of the uninhabiLed prairies of Kansas which are now covered with farms. Last summer I saw a well dug on one of the benches near Milk River at a point about 125 feet above the bed, and a supply of good water was struck between 12 and 15 feet Ibelow the general level. "The effect of plowing in a previously untouched coun try, in producing a plentiful rainfall,is too well known to need mention here. In 1880 this country shared in the great drouth which spread throughout the states, and the broad unplowed acres promoted th dryness. In 1887 and 1888, however,there was more rain than was needed for gar dens, and those out of the creek bottoms did the best. There are such large areas of bottom lands, that those who come in the first year or two will all be able to se cure such locations. In them there is no danger from drouth. When these bottom lands are plowed up there will be no more danger from drouth than in the eastern states, and the benches will make the finest grain fields, as they now fur nish the best grazing in ordinary years. You have the figures with regard to the rainfall, so I do not give them here. The effect of plowing is plainly visible along some of the old freight roads now abun dant on account of the new direction giv en to travel by the advent of the railroad. These roads cut into the rich soil can be traced for miles by the heavier growth of grass along them." The gardens at the post are very pro. ductive, and better than we used to have in Kansas, the Indian territory or Texas. The potato is similar in all respects to the Colorado product, and I preferred to use that potato in Kansas at a dollar per bushel to the native article at 50 cents. It was not only mealy and better flavored, but taking the winter through and consid ering their relative keeping qualities, was more economical. The past two years on some of the high land near the post the average yield has been about 170 bushels per acre. This is bench land and isin all respects like hundreds of miles of the bench land of the district. The bottom gardens give a large yield. A patch of wheat in 1887, sown in one of the high gardens, gave a good yield, but it was put In toolate and no record kept. We do not raise oats, purchasing by contract; but the Indian fields look as well as any I ever saw. I do not remember the yield per acre. We have not cultivated the afple tree, but there is no reason why the hardy varieties should not do as well as in Michigan. Melons, cabbages, tur nips, celery and in fact everything we have tried, has succeeded entirely. The rains cease early in August and the harvest season is so dry that the crops are not af fected by the frosts. SPIRAY OF THE FALLS. [From Wednesady's Daily.l Barnes & Collett transferred a lot today in Fairview addition to James Eccleston. O. G. Cooper and wife are in the city, en route from Helena to their Choteau home. Judge Dyes has married Tony Ander son and Mary Wannig, both of Sand Contee. Isaae Greenhood, the Helena merchant, spent last evening in the city and left to. day for home. Sportsmen Sinclair, Dickinson, Budge, G. W. Taylor and Criss went to Cascade today to shoot geese. Tthe railroad men's Iouses are being transferred to this side of tihe river. This indicates farther improvements. W\V. J. Sherwood of the C. St. P. & K. C. R. 11,, came in onil the St. Paul train today, and will visit C. W. Nelson of thle smel ter. Francis Miacowan, attorney and coun selor at law, formerly of Minnesota, nhas located in this city and has his office in tihe Luther block. President Collins brings good news concerning the waterworins. nTe enter prise is in satisfactory shape. The com puny may ask for bids this week for tie excavation work. Will Sanks' building on Central ave cue, next to the Park hotel, Is undergoinlg transformanlon and by the first of the month will be occupied by Barnes & Col left, the real estate and insurance agents. They will t it up in handsome tyle and have one of the best offices in thm city. At the new town of Cbinook, opposite the Belknap agency, six or seven hiouses have been erected and a considerable set. tlement has been made in that vicinity. Tom O'Hanlon is building a bridge across Mlilk river at that point, andti a good hotel will be erected in a short time. Thus the good work of settling up the great reservation goes on. Conductor Decker says that on Sunday evening at Glascow Tom lrDevitt shot lt. McGllcott in the left hand, shattering the thumb. It ap pears that McGilcott was drunk and had been quarreling with all he met. He tried to raise a row in the saloon where MeDevitt was attending bar. McDevitt deeming his life in danger fired atthe rowdy. McGilcott is in tihe hospital at Benton. Robert Vaughn and Dave Churchill are interesting themselves in thie matter of establishing a race course at this place. Land has already been secured for this purpose and a joint stock company will at onue be formed to carry out the project. It should be a fair as well as n racing os sociatlon and to the end that the first an nual exhibition of the Cascade county fair and racing association may be given this fall, no time should be lost. D R. tcGinnis of the passenger de partment of the Manitoba, and one of the greatest rustlers in tihe land, arrived on today's train frenom the east, Hie says tne immigration to northern Montana has but fairly begun, and that during the next sixty days it will reach big propor tions. Great Falls is naturally the cen ter of attraction, and most of the people are ticketed through to this point. Mr. McGinnis will remain in Montana a few weeks and will be in this city much of the time. Mr. Barnes ot Barnes & Collett says that this ought to be a great year for Great Falls and northern Montana. Cal ifornia, Washington territory and other places to which people flocked are over done. Montana is the one region that offers a broad profitable field for the in vestor. He tays people in the east are looking for better paying investments than railroad bonds and are putting money freely into real estate. lie con siders that if work were begun on the water power large sums would he invest ed here in houses and lots. lie considers that the Belt mountains railroad will make thinrs lively both here dml through out the mining regions. Aldermen Fairfield, lotchkiss, John son, Mitchell and Matthews attended the city council meeting last evening. May or Gibson presided. Ordinances to pro hibit animals from running at lhuge and conceroning fast driving were referred to the committee on ordinances. Aldermen Fairfield, Mitchell, Matthews and Beach ly were empowered to appoint judges and clerks of election as well as to select pollilg places. Petitions for sidewalks from the Iinot building to tile north side of tl:e alley way in block 313 on Second street and on the south side of Central avenue to Fifth street were referred to the committee on streets. alleys and side. walks. Mayor Gibson said that he un derstood Mlr. T. E. Collins had arranged for the machinery and other material for the waterworks. lie recommended that the council meet soon to hear Mr. Collins' statement and act on it. Mr. Kern re ported that the plats for the street grades will be ready soon. The council adjourn ed until Thursday evening. [From Thnrsday's Doaly.] Peas and asparagus are in the market. Alderman Wegner returned from Ilel ena today. Mr. and Mrs. Ira Myers are expected home tomorrow. Attend the concert at the Methodist church Saturday evening. Mr. Schmitz is making extensilveim provements in his saloon. Harry and Cornelius Sexton have be come telegraph messenger boys. The city drain from Central avenue to First avenue South is being opened today. Stary displays a gun which he says that old fraud, Brigham Young, owned. Hotchkiss & Hawkins have replaced their old stove by a new one of the lat est pattern. The store next the Rocky Mountain telegraph office is being prepared for two or three occupants. Phil Gerlach expects to have one of the finest saloons in town when the store next Albrecht's is altered for him. Al Hockett is in great glee at the Belt mountains railroad news and looks for lively times in the mining camps. The famous fowlers, Leslie, Sinclair, G. W. Taylor, Budge, Brady and Dickinson, returned today from Cascade laden with ducks and 18 geese. Spoils enough for one day surely. Mrs. Lefeboure, sister to Mrs. Hawkins, came in on the eastern train today. Mr. Lefeboure will arrive soon with a car load of horses and cattle, and they will make Great Falls their home. Mr. Wernecke is putting in large French plate glass windows in his build ing, now occupied by Mr. Beckon's New York Cash Bazaar. These add greatly 'o the appearance of the store. Mr. Davenport has returned from Hel ena, where he has been playing to crowd ed houses and winning fame as Father Tom in "Myles na Coppoleen." He and John Gerin have many attractions in view for the opening here next month. Prof. Beggs intends to give another of his popular dances on next Wednesday evening, in Kingsbury hall. These soci al dances are becoming quite a feature in social.life in Gseat Falls and are eagerly looked forward to by the young people. Tickets can be had of any of the pupils of the school for $1. The TaRnUNE is enabled to state on the highest authority that the contract for the building of the Belt mountains branch will be let in a short time, and that work will begin as soon as the frost is well out of the ground. The apparent purpose of the engineers now in the field is to run the line from Belt direct to Nei hart, and before summer wanes 'that great silver camp will have a railroad "right uip the gulch." It will be seen by the legal announce ment that the city election will be held on Monday, April S. Two aldermen are to be elected from each ward, one to serve one year and the other two years. The officers to be chosen are mayor, police magistrate, city attorney and city treasurer. The polls will open from 8 . m. to 6 p. m. There will be no registration. The voting will be carried on in the usual way, as the Australian method will not go into effect until after June. No call for conventions has yet been issued. Last year only a citizens' convention was held. Commissioner Clingan returned yester day from the Pacific northwest, where, in company with his brother, Dr. Clingan of Sioux city, he has spent the past two or three weeks. He spent a portion of the time with relatives at Portland and had altogether a very pleasant visit. Mr. Clingan says that country is settling up rapidly and that the 'dtles of Spokane Falls, Tacomas, Seattle and Portland are In the flush of booms sueh as were never before known in that region. He failed to see, however, wherein that country is the superior, or even thle equal, of Man tans, and thinks this new state is by far the best to stay with. The people of Great Falls should not losae sight of the importance of tree plant ing this spring. Owing to the continued mild weather trees should be transplanted as soon as possible, as the sap is already rising. The building of the waterworks should stimulate our people to do much tree planting this spring, as we cannot afford to lose the growth of trees one year. Those who are about to plant trees should give the matter careful attention and see that the work sdone well. When trees are transplanted they should be ex posed to the air the shortest possible time, as the sun and wind dry the roots very auickly. It is folly to transplant trees unless preparations are made to protect them by nigh, strong guards or by fences. We notice a great many trees were plant. ed last fall without such protection and that the bark has been stripped offi by horses. It would be a good thing if the city council would impose a fine upon people for tying horses to tlres. The following are the minutesof a meeting held yesterday at the M. E. church, atthe suggestion of Prof. Wer ner, to take the initial steps towards the or anization of a chorai soiete. Mr. Wilcox was elected chairman and W. P. Dodson secretary. Mr, Dodson stated the object of the meeting and after remarks by several parties present, all being fav orable to such an organization, a commit tee of three was appointed by the chair to see all the musically inclined people of Great Falls and secure their consent to join such a society. Mrs. Hawkins, Mr. Dodson and Mrs. Sorrick were opp'ointed as such a committee. This committee was also instructed to see that arrange ments could be made in regard to secur ing a suitable hall. They are to report at the next meeting. After further discus sion the meeting adjourned subject to the call of the chairman, due notice of which be given through the city papers. Great Falls h1as much musical talent and there is no reason why the proposed organiza tien should not be a complete success. Great Falls will no doubt celebrate Arbor day this year with more than or dinlry aridor. Governor Leslie makes a strong appeal in his proclamation ap pointing Tuesday, April 16, as the day: lie says: "Tree planting and tree culture engaged the hand of the Great Creator, a1imost simultaneous with man's begin nilg on errthl, nd the very first conver saltiol the Lord Ihad with iman after his creation, was with reference to the "trees of the garden and the fruit thereof." Ever 'since that morning's conversstion, clothed in the spirit of command, tree culture and dressing the vile have had place in the life work of men in all coun tries, kingdoms and nationalities. The legislators for the people of Montana have not been unmindful of the reining in fluences and value of this great interest, but have by laws made provision for iii place in the field of progress here amidst these Rocky mountains inlaid with gold and decorated with green gross and imil lions of flowers." Accordingly, the gov ornor recommend* and exhorts "the peo pie of every household, and all the teach ers and children to go forth on that day and engage in ulanting trees, beautifying homes, cemeteries, highways, public grounds, church yards and landscapes; and especially that the youth be taught and trained on that day, and their thoughts and taste be directed to the dec oration and love of this department of work so full of refinement and blessings to the world." Do Not Suffer Any Longer. Knowing that a cough can be checked in a day, and the first stages of consump tion broken in a week, we hereby guaran tee Dr. Acker's English Remedy for Comsuomption, and will refund the money to all who buy, take it as per directions, and do not find our statement correct. For sale by Lapeyre Bros. The following from the pen of Mr. L. P. Bardwell, editor of the Marion (Iowa) Pilot, will, we believe, be of interest to many of our renders. He says: "It is with pleasure that I certify to the real merits of Chaomberlain's cough remedy. I have used it in my family for years and have always found it most excellent, and especially for colds, croupalndsore throat. It is safe and effective. For sale by Lapeyre Bros. Notice of Election. Noticoe is hereby given that on Monday. the 8th day of April, A. D 1889, atthe places hereinafter designatedy an eletio will be held in the city of Great False, Montana. for the purpose of elet oin a Mayor a Police Malstrate, a City Attor. nay, a City Teoasrer and two Aldermen each for the First, Sand, Third and Fourth wards of said city, one Alderman for eah wardto serve for oneyear and one to serve for two years, which election will be open from 8 o'clock in the morning and oontinne open until o'look in the afternoon of the same day. The follow Ltg are te deaslgnatd pollig places, iudgesand clerks nf election, townst First Ward-Addle's office on Central avenue. Clerks--Emmet Rne, Thomase Hunt. Second Ward-her e at Jail buildinn. Judges-Pete Macdonald Charles, reen, R Laone. Clerk--Jaohn Gsrin W. Winters, Third Ward--innepalls Houase. Jodge. Jerre Qesnelle, Gteo. Arthur, E. V. RBoIntta. Clerks-J. Meor, J. M. Addle. Fourth WardS: An. Beachly'e bailding on Centr.l avenue. Judges--Juoe h Jelica. A. C. U . Lord. Clerks-W. I, iLor, Win. Al By order of the City .onocil. JOHN W. STANTON, Great Falle, Men., sMarch 1, 188Ciety Clerk. School Meeting. The annualmeeting of Sehool Distriot No. 4 of Cascade coaunty,Montana for the election of Distriot Offioers and for the ransaeotion of such business as may come before the Board of Trun. tees, will be held at the school hose on the first Saturday in April, 1889, The polls will be open between the hoow of 2 and 4 clokp.m. B. F. STICKINEY. L. POLLACI. J. F. WoINss, District Clerk. Trustees. Great Falls, Mont., March 15, 1889. Geldon ver White 1Yyandotte . vied u) ins. Cute= loges free, sorem this winter by our birds. Now for sale cock and 8 hens. W.C. .Polish, score O to %; alslo White Le n sWhite CeoChins et. Address, J.. M. ACOMBMER CO., et, Chorles, Minn. Garden Seeds We have just received a complete stock of Standard Voegetableo, Field and Flower Seeds, -Of the HIGHEST EXCELLENCE, Which we can furnishl In any quantity at Eastern Prices. om Tur orders solicited. Lapeyre Bros., - Greet Falls, Stephens, lyanllCo PROPRIETORS OF T.E BARKER BAKERY Coffee House aod Grocery. CLENDENIN, MONT. We are prepared to supply the wants of the cemp GIVE US A CALL, rivG7o-Stoo @MMISSION MERCHANT GREAT FALLS, M. T. This is the only offie in the Territory doing a general business In stock. peinal attention aid to Hormese, Cattle and Saep, both in herds and numbers to snit the Location sentral and in direct line wilh- St. Paol, Chengo and sO pointawest. Am preared to faminsh atock to any pointeat or wehst in nembers to suit the buyer. Persons having stoalk for sale will find it to their interest to liet the same with me. Correspondene solicited. J. J, KENNEDY. AN ELEGANT New Line of SE R COA T S ! Just Received AT HARRIS The Clothier GREAT FALLS. . - HELENA. ------------·---- Powers & Trigg, Furniture Store. HAVE N ;STOCK ALL KINDS. OF FURNITURE, FURNITURE MADE TO ORDER ALL KINDS OF REPAIRING DONE. r Our business is conducted on a square basis and at LOW PRICES. We also have a carefully selected stock of UNDERTAKERS' GOODS, and give prompt attention to funeral calls. Embalming in all its branches carefully and neatly executed. Our motto is. "To B oN Ture ." New - York CASH - BAZAAR. NEW QUARTERS IN THE WERNICKE BLOCK. Look out for our announcement of ar rival of New Spring Goods. R. D5 BECKON, -----,..-_ ·,·Po. H. NALBACI - Leading Merchant Tailoir, OF NORTHERN MONTANA. Just Received a New Stock of Sping and Summer Clothes. Second St., bet. Central and First Ave. North F. W. WAIT E, -DEALER IN Furniture, Parlor Goods MATTRESSES, BEDDING, ETC. Expert Tonsorial Artist. Park Hotel; Great Falls. In Connection, the BeestAppointel Bath-Rooms in the Oity We are after U. Do you understand? We want you to know tlhda the very best goods at a price lower than that made by any other merchant in the city. R UTJ 2 US? R U on 2 US? Are you on to our perpendicular plan of doing lbpi. Are you on to our stragh tforward methods? ' Come and get acq~ai..l.ed with them and you will join the nro say: There is no place to buy the best and cheapest of everything . and Boy's wear like A. NATHAN, the One-Price Clothie hereyowill always find the latest styles in Ha Noveltiesin hirts, Nock thebeet Clothing in the market. In tact everythia in our line at prieaes as lw i: Spring Goods by freight. Spring Goods by expe Spre, ing Goods rriving every d, o s nnd get our prioes, r ift you cannot come yourseif, send your order and a iitw. thadedto. 8. C. AeRnnv. C. A I e S. C. ASHBY & CO., HELENA AND GREAT FALLS. cat SWEET'S PATENT " Common - Sense," " Aretic"Wand " AI BOB SLEDS. MItchell Farm and Spring Wagdns. Harness, Saddles, Bridles, ' Fine Carrages,Buggles and Phutons. Saddle and Horse Blankets, CI luckboards,;Carts, Etc, Fur Lap Robes, Curry Colmbs, Ba DEDERICK HAY PRESSES IN STOCI AlýAi rG TIES. Furst & Bradly's Sulky; Gang and Walkina i HARROWS, HOOSIER DRILLS. J. H. MOCNIGHT & CO DEALERS IN Pam al Sring Wago WH'IPS, COOPER's SHEEP DIP, EWi G MACHINEBS Mowers and Reapers, Threshing Machi and the .ai Woag ps Qsntral A ip, gar Third tst CreOapt Fll, SHOf!1 4 ! OSl0E Budge & Kenkel, CENTRAL. AVNUE. be Boots! Boots ! Boots,, ,AS PR AIDa oa,3 be Hids;Sheep Skns, Furs and Tall Eastern market prices P~i. for all the aboveltock. Prompt ! given to all shippenls m tope.' Quotations urnished on aPP.. Warehouse ae R. R: track ad ,Third aye, South. Office oppoe., Park Hotel. 4ddir, s l Theo. Gibson, (treat Falls, M.