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AS TO NEW NAVAL DRILLS
THE NEW INVENTIONS ARE MAKING GREAT CHANGES NECESSARY. wares oas Ls 1C in Geed shape is lis Matter Beeaess is New lhips Are Wew I Nlumber, but Perhaps He Wil Pll Through somehow. Just at present almost all the nations of the'world that have an army or a navy are interested in the subject of new drills and manuals to sunit the changes that mechanical improvements have brought about in small arms and artillery, powders and projatirs. The United States naval service is rather peculiarly situated in this respect, as the change from the obsolete wooden ve Ai qOA nTsa. eels to the new steel cruisers is only just began, and the older systems of drills are carried out oh board of the very large majority of naval vemels now in commission. Should the various propo stions for the incorporation of a naval reserve, now so much talked about throughout the country, be carried into efaeot, the drills will have, by sheer force of circumstances, to partake more of the nature of what has been the meth od for years than of what would apply more especially to improved breech mechanism, torpedo tubes and smoke less powders. The reason for thi is not far to seek, and lies chiefly in the fact that just at present the navy does not possess enough of the modern cruisers for its own pres ing needs, and the receiving ships and monitors that will probably be the ves sels first utilized for drill purposes by the poneers of the auxiliary naval forces, or naval reserve contingent, are aleady of a past day and generation. The foar mer were crack frigete of their time and were models in tIs days of smooth bore cannon and full sail powered ships the latter came in with the civil war, as soon after Ericsson's vessel proved her prowees at Hampton Roads as they could be constructed, and have hardly been in active service since. A half million of dollars, more or lees, is mentioned as the sum necessary to put them in condition for cruising service; but as this expendi ture seems exorbitant for the small amount of good they are to the navy at large, the secretary of the navy suggests their use as drill vessels for the naval reserve in its preliminary exercises to prepare itself to man the coast defense vessels in time of actual servioe. The usual custom aboard all menof-war is to have "quarters" at 9".80 in the morning. This is for the purpose of muster and inspection, to ascertain if all hands are on board and if they are properly dressed in the prescribed uniform of the day. The men stationed at the guns of the battery fall in alongside of their respect ive cannon on one side of the deck, the first division forward, the second next, and so on until all the piaces are taken. There are always a large number of men on board vessels of war who are not st tioned at the guns. They are the serv ants, the engineer's force, the various petty ofeers, whose general duties are below decks; the men required to attend to the steering of the vessel, handling the signals, sounding apparatus, et,.; also the carpenters, whose particular duties are to look out for and stop up shot holes and other damage during ap action; the gunner's gang, who do duty in the magazines and shell rooms, and the marines. All of these are drawn up on the oppo site side of the deck to that on which the gun divisions assemble; the powder di vision, as It is called, being forward, the JAMES JOUXsON, OrHAMPnION 0MM. engineer, next, the navigators next to them and the marines aft on the quarter deaok Although there is no hard and fet rule, the above order i the one quite generally observed on all veseels that have open deck for carrying the battery. The Inspection over, orders are given to the divieron ofoera regarding thespeal drill for the day, and for the greater portion of an hour in the forenoons and again in the afternoons drills are carried on. The routine ia varied, so that during the week the men will have received In etruetion at the battery for aotion. mail arm drill a infantry ad harphoot, oatla. and p drll, torpedo, both on ship boarndnd n boa; the handling of powder and projectiles, howitaes, rapid fire and machine gun, whiob, in addition to the usual drill sloft with -alls and spear, boat exercse under oars and mell, oocasionsllanding prtu., and, at rare intervals, encampment. on shore occupy a large po of the available hours, and give an opportunity for thor ough instruction in all that pertain to what would probably be the experience l~ a*tal service agaiat aen enemy. The gmon maet gneft.l? m use aboard the woodan sips arthe Smooth bore Sineh Iedslgtea ma . dring the civil war sard a few ye befre thnat struggle, a few Parrott gunsr the ptpounde pat trn are also to b found, whe the largt etgun san S.inoh rfle converted from an 11namh Dalgre smooth bore. The whole ob t of the drill I to so pefet the new ntheir indlvidual duties that when they are called tother to go through the motions of ghting an eemyy every detail will have been cre olly attended to adthte wholebody will act a-shittellmfit . l Themt gun drll aio e ln sting looe althe tackles that hold the gun in place when the ship is rolling about, and in provide lug the apparatus required to load and fire, while thegun'sorewarrmthemelves with cutlass and pistol Or rtles, as their stations call for. Once a week at "genm eral quarters" powderand projectilesare brought up on deck and the motions of loading and firing gone through with. Primers are snapped instead of actually fring the guns, which latter is only done onoe in three months, when the quarter ly target practice Is gone through with. Until within the last foer yearse but little proper system was observed atthisquar terly firing, and it was, quite generally apt tobe regarded as more or less of a bore that must begonethrough with and endured simply for the sake of earrying out what the regulations prescribed. Lieut. Forsyth-Meige, for some years gunnery instructor at the Navalacademy, drew up a most excellent system, which he introduced in the North Atlantic squadron while under the command of Admirals Luce and Joett. This consast ed of two parts-an individual practice in which the vessel and target were both anchored about a thousand yards apart, and each gun was fired separately, the scale of merit depending both upon the celerity displayed in firing a certain number of shots and in the smallness of the area covered by these ahote. A medal was presented to the most anooestful gun captain. The man win. ning the greatest number of times was James Johnson. His work was re markable, especially as his gun was in competition with some of the rifled guns. The gun which he fired was one of the broadside Slnch smooth bores of the flagship Biohmond. This method of individual pr.ptice was in tended toleadup to what was termed battery practice, in which thetrget was again stationary, but the vessels were under way, steaming around it through an arc of 90 degs., and at somewhat over onethousand yards off. The prie in this a was a small triangular flag, whisk OA's ae oem >x u aOce. the usucessful vesel carried at the tfos The number of shots fired while the vee sel was inthefiring ar, aewell as the distribution of thres shots, were the two quantitles used in determining the figure of merit. The cutlass drill is the same as broadsword exeroise, the men being armed with wooden sticks, having a large leather guard. This is an excel lent musole developing drill, and when properly exeouted is quite well worth wathbing, particularly at ite olose, when a regular set-to is usually encouraged. The pistol or revolver drill s for the pur pose of instruotion in handling that wea pon, and to teach the men to become good map shots. The drill in the man ual of arms, the loadings and frings and the skirmish drill, as u fr as simple de ployment and aoustomdng the men to the various bugle calls are concerned, are about all the instrcution in "soldier ing" that can well be given cm ship board. Mob tactica, marchings and re views, as well as a more extended skir mihing and rifle target firing, have to be postponed uril a navy yard or some convenient port is reaohed. The only torpedoes at preent furnshed vessels are those known a "sper torpe does," which are used both from long booms fitted alongside of the vessel, and smaller ones for working n the steam launohes. Improvising torpedoes, tnes and fittings from one's own resources forms a valuable feature of this exerise. Gun cotton is ite exploaive now eued in al naval torpedoes. The newer vessels are to be fitted with automobile torpe does, which are, of course, an Immense change from "a bag of powder at the nd of a stick." Profiaciency n handling the various types of macinue and rapid fire artillery consists, not only in the ability to load nd e with rapidity nd pres ion, but also to thorougaly m ter th true inwards the various kinds of arms and to be able to dismount and re assemble the pieces as readily as say ex pert in the factory as which they were made. By this means alone can the de lays caused by a amming at breakin o some one of the many parts be l overcome when the time of actual ma in battle arrives. The powder division iL compoeed largely of servants and aso alled non-ombare The band aboard flagships i usually pled n the div combatants, the ppowdar diion trelly one of the mot importnt in the ship, uponits ooolneusand otvity depqn the maintenance t anlnerrptd pplr of ammunition, a sr ays of great Importance, but to ths days of rapd fir guns one that requires much more bard work than ever before. The surgeon's divon lly three o four in number only, is bdplontd men es-p detailed frm the gun's arews in ame the wounded require a tes tlon. A portion. esy about a third of the enginer' force, is dl*rbstd he. tween the powder and gun dvislons Il addition to the regaler utles the powder divijon is exercised at the battery and at small ams, in order to"e cai o loo.tin a.y r the vsel, whe bat talon is shore forh tgPn s of- action to look out after bap -ering the signals, $he soundings and the repair th t necessary to her rigging hall, sparsor wslls, and we al drled'with Tiflis r ok.ties drelly wurcn n a ana onoe o 'tig st ttrds ý is eoatuand to try, in whlh they attain an up usual degree of proahoteny in the course of a three years' cruise. Their duties aboard ship dtffer materially hm those of the sailors, as they perform setry and orderly duties, three or tour of them being continually on guard dut day and alght. Should there be ayipr e os at e Wohw mraauL any time, it falls to lotof themaranes to see that they do not esaepe. The mas rine corps s one of the, oldset military organisations inthe outtsirysand its of alseno le been proved on many a arit SPRAY OF THE FALLS. [rsam Wedaesda's Dllar.1 Fur Overcoats at cost at The Boston. The average temperature today was 42 degrees. Sure cure for La Grippe-the Blue Point Oysters at the City Meat Market. The snow is disappearlng from the gpround under the influence of the mild temperature. A child of Mrs. Hsackhaw's and one of Mr. Epperon's children, near lelt, are reprted sick. Wm. Glasscok, chief manger for A. Nathan at Sand 'oulee, was in the city on business yesterday. The Stockmen's National bank of Fort Benton commenced business today, sup planting the Bank of Northern Montana. The case of the state against James Adamson, indicted for horse stealing, co Supied the day in court at Benton yester day. Reece Anderson and a party of four men arrived at Benton yeterday with another large shipment of gold bullion from the Spotted Horse mine. While eating his dinner at the Oascade hotel today, one of the boarders became so sock with the inflgenza that he could not go to his room without assistance. Photographer Shipler received this week a fine eryscope lens manufactured by Voigtiarider Lohb, Brauuscheig,and he is now able to turn out still finer work. The plaus for the Great Northern de. pot have come and are now at the office of the Townsite company. It will be a two-story structure o neat design and without any doubt will "fill a log felt want". Mr. J. S. Bely e veteran stub se from Three Forts. lJust daui.ed dli ver; tg twoear of stock ctttie to W. L. Al. in, of Chestnut. These cattle were brought from the Gallatin valley where the range is very short and will fatten on the rich Smith river range. Engineer Westerbery wee epngaged y.eery in running llnes for the per. nanent location of the Greet Northern track at the western terminus of Central avenue. The track will be chenged so that it will croes Oentral avenue nearly at riht angles and the new depot will be buil south of the croussig. Messrs. Elmer B. and Hugh Parsons bought Allan Wood's Highwood rannh about a month ago, and will cultivate it next summer. This Is said to be one of the choicest places on Highwood. Mr. Wood will move up into the Dupuyer country and locate with the family., and engage in farming end stokralslng. River reos. The trunk line recently resolved todis continue the use of private stock cars. This movement, in the opinion of many stockmen isatep in the wrongdlrection, if It shell, result in the ultimate banish. ment of the mproved, stock car by the in the arrying trade of cattle to he Chicago thdiarket. bThe ci pounlldmter Is dohi o biAg busiesu.. He has about 45 hedahof stook in hia earl. The stock owners sould r member that the onger the stock remain in the pound the greater the ohsrge, end take steps to releese their favorite bo vine. The edict has gne forth that no stock shall be permitted to run loose within the city limitl. T.ke warning. The manly form of Harry Taylor he. been prostrated by on unlusually severe attack of llneu. The medisal iernity heave been unable , yet, to determine whether he he the feshionnble Is grippe or phUthlslo and eonsequently they here determined tolet him weet Tknglihe is very feeble at prmnht mseyfriends hope fore speedy recovery. Edwin Alls, customs omer, A. . Honey, David O. Smith, Colin lGe, In specwer .o o a with four 0 soeI end oout lveen and Interpreter of the Northwest mounted police, three Blood lndiens arrivedrt night nfter si days' ourney or i from Fort Mcld eo Theoeyame on the old road via Pies.a. Duper end Bynum a.d report a rough trip. Noet mucoh snow was enoounneredutll they reached PIa. g T"hey Thin severa of the horse lie m to be tried this weel Thois Leer eýmsleoneofthe finest iece of mtg orkl qeliy, and beag -thes rdutoftf eba evd e ecllen tds f The arched clg colored fresco, eley with is finished in oil, . he al loeted with od teut, theo o I fv lahedith yr door from %q% Srpq e . I mom. iger. siw ari;ys fosebris tii~n~L~~E~L7~~L~,a00o This space is re served for A. Nathan, the One-Price Cloth ier, Great Falls, Mont. RIGHT THIS WAY Don't be backward in coming forward1 and don't fall over yourselye. in the rush. We are no robber., so we wont hold you up. Don't let ay body hold yodown. What do we mean We mean tat its about time for e.erybod to ]kow that we are on deck again with a SUPERB STOCK OF WINTER GOODS. In Ladies', Mlsses' and Children's Cloale de have a moat complete line. We strt them at S to $80. Don't buy Cloake elsewhere at 96 per cent more money. Boots, Shoes and Rubber Goods. We haBe a most complete line. The celebrated Boohester Seminary Ladle. Flne Kid Shoe a 8.50 cannot be duplicated for $5. In Drees Goods, Hoery, Notins, etc., it will you to look us over as we are satised we can save you money. In Millinery we have a most 1i Etline, and with an experiened trimmer we can please the moast MAIL ORDERS 3OLICITED. R. 0.d B 5KON, Prop'r New York Cash Bazaar, Great Falls. L. mad, P G r.0 K s.r CATAlRACT IILL COIPAlY Merchant Millers. anYo ses o to hefollowlg hoonde of ihegra.da hour Diamond, Gold Dust, Cataract, Silver Leaf Golden Fleece. CASH- PAID FOR WHEAT. MILL FEED FOR SALE Or1IOI - At Mll, foot of UC al A.e. Bat ·lo. Men H. NALBACH, Leading Merchant Tailor, Al the latest stee in OVUrOOATING, BSUITINGs and PANTS in toot. A portlfo of your patrorag.e mreepeotrll eoitead. M" wBraie oods and priga bearebupatgelwrere. Nlet door to te P- li OGrena Flls, Mout. The 8. ' aM C -ulh Co. OIh apitalSI, * 0 p pp,0t 0 ........ . .. . s e U. . lbpedoitd it the N. . usamrue Dept. -auUU O 4e qt 'latse Gesets, Fd it amd Mni Boiler pDeseioe. BUY LOTS IN North Great Fall Where the Greatest Rise in Values of Desirable Real l:t during 1890o is certain, The BosToN & MONTANA COMPANY have selected NoRTa G]: FALLS as the site of their IMxENSE FACTORIES, which will ftu, constant employment to thousands of workmen whose CASH W. will circulate every month in NoaTH GREAT FALLS and vicinity. AN IMMENSE DAM is now under contract to be constrtl across the iMissouri river above Black Eagle Falls at NORTH Gi FALLS at a cost of a Half Million Dollars, and will furnish power Hundreds of Mills. Other improvements will rapidly follow wi. will create a demand for more mill frontage and the Coulter, 1l bow and Crooked falls will be utilized all of which are wi: a few minutes' walk of NORTH GREAT FALLS. Special induce2., to those who desire to build homes.I CHOICE LOTS ONLY $100 TO $350, on easy terms. Will double in value before your secon'd payi. "falls due. J. 0. 6RENO. Park Hotel, Great falls, Mont Or A. K. BAIIOUR. Helee, Mlint BACH, CORY & C( Great Falls, Montana. Groceries, Hardware, Crocker, Stoves and Tinware. We carry the largest stock of Groceries ar Hardware in Northern Montana. GROCERY DEPARTMENT. This ltonc is all new goods of the best grades only. We buy everything in car from first hands and our prices cannot be met west of the Missourl river. Hardware Department. This is the largest and most complete stock carried In thus portion of the t ritory. This stock Includes Mining Tools, Steel Iron, etc., Blacksmith SuppliI all kinds, Bulder's and Geesrl Harldware, Heating and oaking Stoves an a asaortment of Tin and Granite Ware. jJ. H. McKNIGHT & CO., DEALERS IN Rushflorl Steel Stein and Tabula Axle Wap SPRING WAGONS, BUGGIES, Buck-Board, Road Cauts, John Deere Plows, Harrows and Farming Impleme' Tents and Wagon Sheets, Wind Mlls and Pomps. Cooper's Sheep Dip. Team.: Baggy Harness, Saddles and Whlps. EXTRAS FOR MACHINERY. Oerl Ave., ser Thisd e. . Gret Ft S. C. Asway. C. A. Hbao.DwrT S. C. ASHBY & CO., HELENA AND GREAT FALLS. SWEET BROS. Common - Sense Bob - Sleighs SIITHEl FARM AND SPRING WAPON, ie agriag~, Bagies, Phtnos, utters UB(oa9BOAaieS AND ROAD CARTS. W ýýý W isn tooek a tll Ibi of Team and Buggy Harness, Saddle .. ,. oltmO tC oi__ um Drusis, eto. Also /.om, Dis, Spr, Tesaa 8·iiZq o pw51, aDiirl and Seedeu, pers DrUIlPlanet Jr. Go' MIa Sa@ Di s al11 Tabts W Con Covars, Feed MillsBab Wire, r.1 DEDERIOK HAY PRES88ES. 18MTA' i9W MA.HINERY.