AS TO NEW NAVAL DRILLS
THE NEW INVENTIONS ARE MAKING
GREAT CHANGES NECESSARY.
wares oas Ls 1C in Geed shape is lis
Matter Beeaess is New lhips Are Wew
I Nlumber, but Perhaps He Wil Pll
Just at present almost all the nations
of the'world that have an army or a
navy are interested in the subject of
new drills and manuals to sunit the
changes that mechanical improvements
have brought about in small arms and
artillery, powders and projatirs. The
United States naval service is rather
peculiarly situated in this respect, as the
change from the obsolete wooden ve
Ai qOA nTsa.
eels to the new steel cruisers is only just
began, and the older systems of drills
are carried out oh board of the very
large majority of naval vemels now in
commission. Should the various propo
stions for the incorporation of a naval
reserve, now so much talked about
throughout the country, be carried into
efaeot, the drills will have, by sheer
force of circumstances, to partake more
of the nature of what has been the meth
od for years than of what would apply
more especially to improved breech
mechanism, torpedo tubes and smoke
The reason for thi is not far to seek,
and lies chiefly in the fact that just at
present the navy does not possess enough
of the modern cruisers for its own pres
ing needs, and the receiving ships and
monitors that will probably be the ves
sels first utilized for drill purposes by
the poneers of the auxiliary naval forces,
or naval reserve contingent, are aleady
of a past day and generation. The foar
mer were crack frigete of their time
and were models in tIs days of smooth
bore cannon and full sail powered ships
the latter came in with the civil war, as
soon after Ericsson's vessel proved her
prowees at Hampton Roads as they could
be constructed, and have hardly been in
active service since. A half million of
dollars, more or lees, is mentioned as the
sum necessary to put them in condition
for cruising service; but as this expendi
ture seems exorbitant for the small
amount of good they are to the navy at
large, the secretary of the navy suggests
their use as drill vessels for the naval
reserve in its preliminary exercises to
prepare itself to man the coast defense
vessels in time of actual servioe. The
usual custom aboard all menof-war is to
have "quarters" at 9".80 in the morning.
This is for the purpose of muster and
inspection, to ascertain if all hands are
on board and if they are properly dressed
in the prescribed uniform of the day.
The men stationed at the guns of the
battery fall in alongside of their respect
ive cannon on one side of the deck, the
first division forward, the second next,
and so on until all the piaces are taken.
There are always a large number of men
on board vessels of war who are not st
tioned at the guns. They are the serv
ants, the engineer's force, the various
petty ofeers, whose general duties are
below decks; the men required to attend
to the steering of the vessel, handling
the signals, sounding apparatus, et,.;
also the carpenters, whose particular
duties are to look out for and stop up
shot holes and other damage during ap
action; the gunner's gang, who do duty
in the magazines and shell rooms, and
All of these are drawn up on the oppo
site side of the deck to that on which the
gun divisions assemble; the powder di
vision, as It is called, being forward, the
JAMES JOUXsON, OrHAMPnION 0MM.
engineer, next, the navigators next to
them and the marines aft on the quarter
deaok Although there is no hard and
fet rule, the above order i the one quite
generally observed on all veseels that
have open deck for carrying the battery.
The Inspection over, orders are given to
the divieron ofoera regarding thespeal
drill for the day, and for the greater
portion of an hour in the forenoons and
again in the afternoons drills are carried
on. The routine ia varied, so that during
the week the men will have received In
etruetion at the battery for aotion. mail
arm drill a infantry ad harphoot,
oatla. and p drll, torpedo, both
on ship boarndnd n boa; the handling
of powder and projectiles, howitaes,
rapid fire and machine gun, whiob, in
addition to the usual drill sloft with
-alls and spear, boat exercse under oars
and mell, oocasionsllanding prtu., and,
at rare intervals, encampment. on shore
occupy a large po of the available
hours, and give an opportunity for thor
ough instruction in all that pertain to
what would probably be the experience
l~ a*tal service agaiat aen enemy. The
gmon maet gneft.l? m use aboard the
woodan sips arthe Smooth bore Sineh
Iedslgtea ma . dring the civil war
sard a few ye befre thnat struggle, a
few Parrott gunsr the ptpounde pat
trn are also to b found, whe the largt
etgun san S.inoh rfle converted from
an 11namh Dalgre smooth bore.
The whole ob t of the drill I to so
pefet the new ntheir indlvidual duties
that when they are called tother to go
through the motions of ghting an
eemyy every detail will have been cre
olly attended to adthte wholebody will
act a-shittellmfit . l Themt
gun drll aio e ln sting looe althe
tackles that hold the gun in place when
the ship is rolling about, and in provide
lug the apparatus required to load and
fire, while thegun'sorewarrmthemelves
with cutlass and pistol Or rtles, as their
stations call for. Once a week at "genm
eral quarters" powderand projectilesare
brought up on deck and the motions of
loading and firing gone through with.
Primers are snapped instead of actually
fring the guns, which latter is only done
onoe in three months, when the quarter
ly target practice Is gone through with.
Until within the last foer yearse but little
proper system was observed atthisquar
terly firing, and it was, quite generally
apt tobe regarded as more or less of a
bore that must begonethrough with and
endured simply for the sake of earrying
out what the regulations prescribed.
Lieut. Forsyth-Meige, for some years
gunnery instructor at the Navalacademy,
drew up a most excellent system, which
he introduced in the North Atlantic
squadron while under the command of
Admirals Luce and Joett. This consast
ed of two parts-an individual practice
in which the vessel and target were both
anchored about a thousand yards apart,
and each gun was fired separately, the
scale of merit depending both upon the
celerity displayed in firing a certain
number of shots and in the smallness of
the area covered by these ahote.
A medal was presented to the most
anooestful gun captain. The man win.
ning the greatest number of times was
James Johnson. His work was re
markable, especially as his gun was
in competition with some of the rifled
guns. The gun which he fired was
one of the broadside Slnch smooth
bores of the flagship Biohmond. This
method of individual pr.ptice was in
tended toleadup to what was termed
battery practice, in which thetrget was
again stationary, but the vessels were
under way, steaming around it through
an arc of 90 degs., and at somewhat over
onethousand yards off. The prie in this
a was a small triangular flag, whisk
OA's ae oem >x u aOce.
the usucessful vesel carried at the tfos
The number of shots fired while the vee
sel was inthefiring ar, aewell as the
distribution of thres shots, were the two
quantitles used in determining the figure
of merit. The cutlass drill is the same
as broadsword exeroise, the men being
armed with wooden sticks, having a
large leather guard. This is an excel
lent musole developing drill, and when
properly exeouted is quite well worth
wathbing, particularly at ite olose, when
a regular set-to is usually encouraged.
The pistol or revolver drill s for the pur
pose of instruotion in handling that wea
pon, and to teach the men to become
good map shots. The drill in the man
ual of arms, the loadings and frings and
the skirmish drill, as u fr as simple de
ployment and aoustomdng the men to
the various bugle calls are concerned,
are about all the instrcution in "soldier
ing" that can well be given cm ship
board. Mob tactica, marchings and re
views, as well as a more extended skir
mihing and rifle target firing, have to
be postponed uril a navy yard or some
convenient port is reaohed.
The only torpedoes at preent furnshed
vessels are those known a "sper torpe
does," which are used both from long
booms fitted alongside of the vessel, and
smaller ones for working n the steam
launohes. Improvising torpedoes, tnes
and fittings from one's own resources
forms a valuable feature of this exerise.
Gun cotton is ite exploaive now eued in
al naval torpedoes. The newer vessels
are to be fitted with automobile torpe
does, which are, of course, an Immense
change from "a bag of powder at the nd
of a stick." Profiaciency n handling the
various types of macinue and rapid fire
artillery consists, not only in the ability
to load nd e with rapidity nd pres
ion, but also to thorougaly m ter th
true inwards the various kinds of
arms and to be able to dismount and re
assemble the pieces as readily as say ex
pert in the factory as which they were
made. By this means alone can the de
lays caused by a amming at breakin o
some one of the many parts be l
overcome when the time of actual ma in
battle arrives. The powder division iL
compoeed largely of servants and aso
alled non-ombare The band aboard
flagships i usually pled n the div
combatants, the ppowdar diion trelly
one of the mot importnt in the ship,
uponits ooolneusand otvity depqn the
maintenance t anlnerrptd pplr
of ammunition, a sr ays of great
Importance, but to ths days of rapd
fir guns one that requires much more
bard work than ever before.
The surgeon's divon lly three o
four in number only, is bdplontd
men es-p detailed frm the gun's
arews in ame the wounded require a
tes tlon. A portion. esy about a third of
the enginer' force, is dl*rbstd he.
tween the powder and gun dvislons Il
addition to the regaler utles the powder
divijon is exercised at the battery and
at small ams, in order to"e cai o
loo.tin a.y r the vsel, whe bat
talon is shore forh tgPn s
of- action to look out after bap
-ering the signals, $he soundings and
the repair th t necessary to her
rigging hall, sparsor wslls, and we al
drled'with Tiflis r ok.ties
drelly wurcn n a ana onoe o 'tig
st ttrds ý is eoatuand to
try, in whlh they attain an up
usual degree of proahoteny in the course
of a three years' cruise. Their duties
aboard ship dtffer materially hm those
of the sailors, as they perform setry
and orderly duties, three or tour of them
being continually on guard dut day and
alght. Should there be ayipr e os at
e Wohw mraauL
any time, it falls to lotof themaranes
to see that they do not esaepe. The mas
rine corps s one of the, oldset military
organisations inthe outtsirysand its of
alseno le been proved on many a arit
SPRAY OF THE FALLS.
[rsam Wedaesda's Dllar.1
Fur Overcoats at cost at The Boston.
The average temperature today was 42
Sure cure for La Grippe-the Blue
Point Oysters at the City Meat Market.
The snow is disappearlng from the
gpround under the influence of the mild
A child of Mrs. Hsackhaw's and one of
Mr. Epperon's children, near lelt, are
Wm. Glasscok, chief manger for A.
Nathan at Sand 'oulee, was in the city
on business yesterday.
The Stockmen's National bank of Fort
Benton commenced business today, sup
planting the Bank of Northern Montana.
The case of the state against James
Adamson, indicted for horse stealing, co
Supied the day in court at Benton yester
Reece Anderson and a party of four
men arrived at Benton yeterday with
another large shipment of gold bullion
from the Spotted Horse mine.
While eating his dinner at the Oascade
hotel today, one of the boarders became
so sock with the inflgenza that he could
not go to his room without assistance.
Photographer Shipler received this
week a fine eryscope lens manufactured
by Voigtiarider Lohb, Brauuscheig,and
he is now able to turn out still finer work.
The plaus for the Great Northern de.
pot have come and are now at the office
of the Townsite company. It will be a
two-story structure o neat design and
without any doubt will "fill a log felt
Mr. J. S. Bely e veteran stub se
from Three Forts. lJust daui.ed dli ver;
tg twoear of stock ctttie to W. L. Al.
in, of Chestnut. These cattle were
brought from the Gallatin valley where
the range is very short and will fatten on
the rich Smith river range.
Engineer Westerbery wee epngaged
y.eery in running llnes for the per.
nanent location of the Greet Northern
track at the western terminus of Central
avenue. The track will be chenged so
that it will croes Oentral avenue nearly
at riht angles and the new depot will be
buil south of the croussig.
Messrs. Elmer B. and Hugh Parsons
bought Allan Wood's Highwood rannh
about a month ago, and will cultivate it
next summer. This Is said to be one of
the choicest places on Highwood. Mr.
Wood will move up into the Dupuyer
country and locate with the family., and
engage in farming end stokralslng.
The trunk line recently resolved todis
continue the use of private stock cars.
This movement, in the opinion of many
stockmen isatep in the wrongdlrection,
if It shell, result in the ultimate banish.
ment of the mproved, stock car by the
in the arrying trade of cattle to he
bThe ci pounlldmter Is dohi o biAg
busiesu.. He has about 45 hedahof stook
in hia earl. The stock owners sould r
member that the onger the stock remain
in the pound the greater the ohsrge, end
take steps to releese their favorite bo
vine. The edict has gne forth that no
stock shall be permitted to run loose
within the city limitl. T.ke warning.
The manly form of Harry Taylor he.
been prostrated by on unlusually severe
attack of llneu. The medisal iernity
heave been unable , yet, to determine
whether he he the feshionnble Is grippe
or phUthlslo and eonsequently they here
determined tolet him weet Tknglihe
is very feeble at prmnht mseyfriends
hope fore speedy recovery.
Edwin Alls, customs omer, A. .
Honey, David O. Smith, Colin lGe, In
specwer .o o a with four 0 soeI
end oout lveen and Interpreter
of the Northwest mounted police,
three Blood lndiens arrivedrt
night nfter si days' ourney or i
from Fort Mcld eo Theoeyame on the
old road via Pies.a. Duper end Bynum
a.d report a rough trip. Noet mucoh snow
was enoounneredutll they reached PIa.
g T"hey Thin severa of the
horse lie m to be tried this weel
Thois Leer eýmsleoneofthe
finest iece of mtg orkl qeliy,
and beag -thes rdutoftf eba
evd e ecllen tds f
The arched clg
colored fresco, eley with
is finished in oil, . he al
loeted with od teut, theo o
I fv lahedith yr
door from %q% Srpq e . I
iger. siw ari;ys fosebris
This space is re
served for A. Nathan,
the One-Price Cloth
ier, Great Falls, Mont.
RIGHT THIS WAY
Don't be backward in coming forward1 and don't fall over yourselye. in
the rush. We are no robber., so we wont hold you up. Don't let ay
body hold yodown. What do we mean We mean tat its about time
for e.erybod to ]kow that we are on deck again with a
SUPERB STOCK OF WINTER GOODS.
In Ladies', Mlsses' and Children's Cloale de have a moat complete
line. We strt them at S to $80. Don't buy Cloake elsewhere at 96 per
cent more money.
Boots, Shoes and Rubber Goods.
We haBe a most complete line. The celebrated Boohester Seminary
Ladle. Flne Kid Shoe a 8.50 cannot be duplicated for $5.
In Drees Goods, Hoery, Notins, etc., it will you to look us over
as we are satised we can save you money. In Millinery we have a most
1i Etline, and with an experiened trimmer we can please the moast
MAIL ORDERS 3OLICITED.
R. 0.d B 5KON, Prop'r New York Cash Bazaar, Great Falls.
L. mad, P G r.0 K s.r
CATAlRACT IILL COIPAlY
anYo ses o to hefollowlg hoonde of ihegra.da hour
Diamond, Gold Dust,
Cataract, Silver Leaf
CASH- PAID FOR WHEAT. MILL FEED FOR SALE
Or1IOI - At Mll, foot of UC al A.e. Bat ·lo. Men
Leading Merchant Tailor,
Al the latest stee in OVUrOOATING, BSUITINGs and PANTS in
toot. A portlfo of your patrorag.e mreepeotrll eoitead.
M" wBraie oods and priga bearebupatgelwrere.
Nlet door to te P- li OGrena Flls, Mout.
The 8. ' aM C -ulh Co.
OIh apitalSI, * 0 p pp,0t 0
........ . .. . s e
U. . lbpedoitd it the N. . usamrue Dept. -auUU O
4e qt 'latse Gesets, Fd it amd Mni Boiler pDeseioe.
BUY LOTS IN
North Great Fall
Where the Greatest Rise in Values of Desirable Real l:t
during 1890o is certain,
The BosToN & MONTANA COMPANY have selected NoRTa G]:
FALLS as the site of their IMxENSE FACTORIES, which will ftu,
constant employment to thousands of workmen whose CASH W.
will circulate every month in NoaTH GREAT FALLS and vicinity.
AN IMMENSE DAM is now under contract to be constrtl
across the iMissouri river above Black Eagle Falls at NORTH Gi
FALLS at a cost of a Half Million Dollars, and will furnish power
Hundreds of Mills. Other improvements will rapidly follow wi.
will create a demand for more mill frontage and the Coulter, 1l
bow and Crooked falls will be utilized all of which are wi:
a few minutes' walk of NORTH GREAT FALLS. Special induce2.,
to those who desire to build homes.I
CHOICE LOTS ONLY $100 TO $350,
on easy terms. Will double in value before your secon'd payi.
J. 0. 6RENO. Park Hotel, Great falls, Mont
Or A. K. BAIIOUR. Helee, Mlint
BACH, CORY & C(
Great Falls, Montana.
Groceries, Hardware, Crocker,
Stoves and Tinware.
We carry the largest stock of Groceries ar
Hardware in Northern Montana.
This ltonc is all new goods of the best grades only. We buy everything in car
from first hands and our prices cannot be met west
of the Missourl river.
This is the largest and most complete stock carried In thus portion of the t
ritory. This stock Includes Mining Tools, Steel Iron, etc., Blacksmith SuppliI
all kinds, Bulder's and Geesrl Harldware, Heating and oaking Stoves an a
asaortment of Tin and Granite Ware.
jJ. H. McKNIGHT & CO.,
Rushflorl Steel Stein and Tabula Axle Wap
SPRING WAGONS, BUGGIES,
Buck-Board, Road Cauts, John Deere Plows, Harrows and Farming Impleme'
Tents and Wagon Sheets, Wind Mlls and Pomps. Cooper's Sheep Dip. Team.:
Baggy Harness, Saddles and Whlps.
EXTRAS FOR MACHINERY.
Oerl Ave., ser Thisd e. . Gret Ft
S. C. Asway. C. A. Hbao.DwrT
S. C. ASHBY & CO.,
HELENA AND GREAT FALLS.
Common - Sense Bob - Sleighs
SIITHEl FARM AND SPRING WAPON,
ie agriag~, Bagies, Phtnos, utters
UB(oa9BOAaieS AND ROAD CARTS.
W ýýý W isn tooek a tll Ibi of Team and Buggy Harness, Saddle
.. ,. oltmO tC oi__ um Drusis, eto. Also /.om, Dis, Spr,
Tesaa 8·iiZq o pw51, aDiirl and Seedeu, pers DrUIlPlanet Jr. Go'
MIa [email protected] Di s al11 Tabts W Con Covars, Feed MillsBab Wire, r.1
DEDERIOK HAY PRES88ES.
18MTA' i9W MA.HINERY.
xml | txt