Newspaper Page Text
n account of the change of form of
a T tauls, and the lare riecrease in
amount of available space, a weekly
Ion will hereafter be issued instead
the semi-weekly. Wbhle our sub
bars will receive the paper but once a
pk, the one paper will contain as much,
ot more, reading matter thea the two
stofore iusued. The change. we be
e, will give general satisfaction.
THi SILVER QUESTION.
e following pertinent communi
n, from a thoughtful clear.
ted member of the silver oemmis
, will be head with much inter
It is from the pen of J. W. Por
of Charlotterille, Va. The Char
villleChronicle of recent datesays:
)te of the bugbears constantly pre
Ited by advocate of the gold stand
1, and one which has more weight
Ih many earnest yet timid, friends
bi-metalliam than any other is that
cannot, unaided by foreign nations
p silver at par.
ere are few Americans who do
profess at least to be in
or of bi-metallic money. But they
we cannot by our method, unsup
ed by other nations, bring ii
it. That, to attempt it by open
our minte, will flood us with the
r of the world.
xperience is always a safe guide
ow what is the experience of th4
hat was it rear neju goin as unuu N
e during the sixth decade, when to
mines of California and Australia of
red their treasures into the coffers
e world in a voluwne exceeding tc
fourfold the silver product of the fi
Id? Even when on the continent al
Europe entire nations refused to
'n it, it was held steadily by some t)
se although, so that the miner a
w the value of his ounce of gold n
ore he secured it.
Most of it went to Europe. b
What was it that held it at par with a
It. could not be any application of c
law of supply and demand, yet r
Id did not go below silver at the t
oguized ratio of 15j to 1. ii
he open mint of France might, o
those of other European nations o
ve beau closed to gold, yet it would t
ye been steadily held by the British
e Bank act of 1814 compelled the
k of England to purchase all
offered at £3 17s 9id per ounce,
ch is within a small fraction of
o man ever need sell for less
le the law stands, even though t
,000 or ten times that be taken
deed. there was no material de
e in the gold price of silver until
uce limited her coinage A little
the act compelleo the closure
her mints and those of other states
Europe which had acted with her.
here are many who believe that
nee could have maintained parity
she kept her mints open, because
iting the coinage caused the de
What has caused the decline of sil
ver as we call it?
May we not just as wisely ask what
caused the advance in gold?
Nay? far from wisely, for we show
irrefragable proof that it is gold
at has advanced rather than that
ver has fallen. We are not to
ure by itself, nor yet by the other
r that would be the veriest child's
How then have we proved it? By
e only test applicable.
The general range of prices
Throughout the world since the
pttempt was made to force the sole
gold standard upon an ignorant but
Under the application of the test
we find that silver has proved a far
pore stable indicator and measure of
iaues than gold. Gold was magni
Its dishonor, not its disuse is t he
fruitful cause of the vast derauge
ment under which the world has suf
fered. During this whole period the
world's use of silver has been constant
and increasing. Great Britian ha"
been the greatest market for silver
and with thrifty foresight has act
,ally managed to six the price of thai
at American product, and by fix
ng that, to set the price of Ameri
n wheat and cotton.
Not only has all silver been use;
fast as it is produced, but is use;
y by every civilized nation in itb
only that, but in every one o
the coined silver will buy just a
as the coined gold, and further
more no nation could well dispense u
with it in actual use. N
It is the people's money all over the ti
civilised world. a
Every American knows this is to be a
true of our own country, for probably ,v
not one in twenty uses gold at all. ii
What would be the effect; so much a
deplored as certain to follow our act n
of freely coining of silver, by the n
blind seer who have so long misled n
the American people? to
They say it will expel our gold. Li
Where 'ot To the gold standard ii
countries. What for?
For value recived. In what! c
Cheap silver! they say.
But we have ceased buying silver.
Our mints can take it and give silver
dollars, worth under our law as much
gold. Then they get gold when and
where they can, but what will be the I
effect of that.
If the exportation of the £2,500,000
desired by the Barrings to send to j
send to Argentina, caused such an
alarm as to excite a panic which
caused security holders there to lose '
hundreds of millions of dollars, what c
would be the effect of the importation
of even $50.000,000 or 100,000,000 of'
American gold? Would it not at
once act on the value of gold there,
and lessen its importance, its purchas- I
ing power, over all purchasing power, 1
over silver and all commodities? Sil- li
ver will no longer be cheap to use
against us in Indis. The conversion
of European coin into bullion to be
assayed for the American mints,
would indeed be a speculation for the
shrewd investor in Turkish and Egyp
tion bonds and Argentine cedulas.
1 No other class would be at all likely,
l to court speculation sure to net a loss
of six or seven per cent.
s The American people have a right'
3 to look to the present congress for a
a fair, logical treatment of this. to them'
t an all important question.
0 Their voice is of more import than
e the utterances of a subsidized or
r mercenary public press. Though in
l numerable petitions and delegated
e lies, and in thunder tones at the
ballot-box have they protested against
h a continuance of the present policy.
Nothing done in the reign of Kiug
if George the Third began to equal in
It rank injustice the act which changed
e the standard money of our country
in 1873. It impaired the obligation
t, of all existing contracts, and it has
15 nearly doubled the burdens of the
h Our rebellion will be at the ballot
box. It has already begun. Let all
I who are concerned heed the fact.
Ill - ______
71IE LEI SL'TURli. r
The legislature is now diligently at u
work and a strong pull will be made e
to enact all essential laws before the
close of the session on March 5, so as,
to avoid the necessity of an extra
session. It is believed generally
among 1 he members that this can be
done. The senate with its member
ship of fifteen is making much bltter
progress than the more unwieldy
house where there are fifty-four mem-,
bers. and each of course has one or,+
more pet schemes for which he de
sires to secure precedence. In the
senate the work is up to date and
there is not a single bill on the cal
eudar, while in the house the general
orders file is loaded down, with sp e
cial oilers made for nearly every day,
of this week.
The only way in which the neces
sary legislation can be enacted before.
the close of the session is to begin at
once upon measures of that class to
the exclusion of all others. Senator
Becker's joint resolution for the ap
pointment of a committee of three of
the senate and seven of the house to'
act in the way of a "steering" corn
mittee to determine the order of busi-'
ness from this time until the close of
the session is a good one and should
prevail. It would insure th"' "n'et
mont of all needed laws.
If it is hoped to accomplish the re
sults sought the matter of the location
of the state institutions must be post
poned for this sesbion There is
nothing to be gained by their location
at this time in any event, as there is
no ni ney with which to enter upon
the vounstrution of buildings or to
wake oven i beginning toward found
ing any of the required institutions.
The constilutioi limits the indebted
, ness that iiay le incurred by the
state, and w' must wait until thestate
treasury is ii Ibttir ,. idition, or a
special election for that purpose is
- held. before we cai enter upon the
work of building ,ollegen. asylums.
I If the task of locating these several
institutions is entered upon now. with
only a few working days left. our
f solons need not expect to accomplish
a much if anything else. It would
- precipitate a contest that would list
until 19 o'clock midnight the last day. mt
fearly every town in the state is in
be field for one of the institutions, p
ad the contest must necessarily be a tbi
long one, to the decided detriment in,
f the state. Besides, in two year. thi
he state will develop rapidly; there TI
vill be new centers of population and co
iew conditions. As there would i.e mi
to money to apply to their estabnash . 1
nent we can not see that anything is it
o be gained by locating the institu- i
ions now, while much valuable leg- at
slative time would be lost. cl
By all means let the matter of lo- he
3ating the state institutions go over
until the next session. U
There are two bills before the legis
lature providing for the creation of L
new counties in northern Montana.
and both are founded on merit and o
The Valley county bill has been fa- a
vorably acted upon in the senate and it
will go the house at oice, where like a
consideration should be accorded it.
This bill asks that all that portion of 'f
Dawson county lying north of the a
ifissouri river be set apart as a new M
county to be called Valley. The req- tl
nisite population and wealth to sup- c
port a new county is claimed, and e
there is but little objection to the di- ti
vision on the part of the parent coun- c
ty. Glasgow will be the county seat
if the measure prevails. It is well
known that this portion of Dawson is
remote from Gleudive, the county
seat, and that at certai'i seavons of a
the year the latter can only be reached!
by making an 801-mile trip via F
Helena. This is a hardship and a I
missituation that should not obtain
Teton county is the second propo
sition, and if created it will be a near
teignbor of Cascade, adjoining this
county on the north. The bill has
been introduced in the house but has
not yet received consideration. With
out question the proposed county
wouiA have ample taxable property to
make both ends meet and in the
course of time will grow into a rich I
and important county. It has
rich agricultural lands, unsurpassed
ranges, and an abundance of coal and
perhaps other minerals. Railroads'
now penetrate the proposed county
and its development will be rapid.
This section of Choteau county is re
mote from the county seat and it is
but a matter of justico that the new
division be made at the earliest day
possible. There is some question as
to boundary lines between the rep
resentatives of Choteau and the pro
moters of the new scheme, but that
ought to be speedily settled on an
equitable basis and the bill passed.
All familiar with the situation must
aduit that it is a just and meritorious
Northern Mtotana is "bigger than
all outdoors" and new counties should
be created as fast as wealth and pop
ulation will warrant it. Valley and
Teton counties should be given ex
- istenee before the present legislature
J'I!HE s l..*IRY RllL. et
One of the subjects receiving inucli at
tention at the hauds of the le slature is a
that of regulating the em ijinnsatio n if
county officials. This is certain to be ai
subject of engrosstng interest it every
session. If tha salary system obtains an
effort is sure to be made to ia unge to <1
fees, and vice versa. In Montana's brief
career this "switch" has been made sev- ti
eral times, and we venture ti say the
settled policy will not be adopted it this tl
session. Prior to the meeting of the list
territorial legislature a salary 1ill was in
force. It ivas eminently unsatisfactory
and a salary and fee bill, which was
thought to be justly based, was enacted
at that session. Now there is a ilanlr
for salaries without fees and the lion-e
has adopted a mensure of that kind. It I
bids fair to pass the senate its well ail i
become a law.
For the purpose of ippirtioning al
aries, the counties are divided into three
classes, on the basis of property viuiti
tion. In the first class are comities its
Ing an assessed valuation of more ic'in
$8,000,000; second class, $4,Klt).0tlO and l
less tihan $8,000,000: tbiril cts', tieliii5
t4,000,000. This brings the division a
followsa: First class, Lewis; at t(ahi ,
Silver Bow, Deer Lodlge, ('ascal .li
souls: second class, I'hoteau. IIster,
Meagher, Park; third class, lieuverheild,
D)awson, Fergus. .Jefferiin. '1aliison.
Yellowstone and Gallatin, plating a.
cude, the yvouueet conity in tie ,t ate, in
the top category.
The salariei agreed upon lii it '
ricus oilleers, according to the riunty
clissictitiaii ll- as flilows'
First theeia. i i
Sheritf f... j . a(AM) ii :i 1.
Clerk and recorder. a (N) '1
Tret onr.. . agh 1M .c
t lerk ifth lii court ... tti utti c
As~eissat' . .. 2' N) 2iOi ilti
Supt. of ubiic bit
I ituntt attorney. i lti 1 i IS'
I There were a tes objectors ti hi
I .lhime hit It riceiv ii at most liti' iu
mous endorsement of the house.
One question remaines to be passed
upon and that is whether the bill
shall take etect at once or upon
the expiration of the terms of the present
incumbents. Ii justice to the officials
the latter proposition should prevail.
I They were elected under the present
combined salary and fee system and to
make the change during their term of
ottice is virtually a breach of contract on
the part of the state. Besides we doubt
if the counties will be much the winner
if the proposed liberal salerles, with
allowances for deputies, prevail. It is
clear to us that the Cascade county eoficials
have no vigorous kick coming.
The following telegram appeared in a
recent issue of the Regina, Alberta,
1,"Lwrilm mtixu.Jan .ii.-In consequence
d of the surly selfishness of the Great
Northern. things are in a lad way here.
The company has any amount of coal at
t' Great Falls but there it sticks, Jim Hall's
d line refusing them cars, saying they have
I a coal mine of their own."
This brought torth the following reply
from the Lethbridge News, which is cer
tainly In i position to ascertain and
I announce the exact facts:-"As soon as
W j we noticed the above report a represents
1- tive of the News visited the office of the
?- company, and found out that it wan
d entirely false. So far from 'things being
in a bad way' here, the daily output of
2- coal Is in the nelihborhood of 1.200 tons
at mnd is greater than at any previous timn
in the history of the coal company. Twe
train loads of coal goes each day to Urea
s Falls, and the balance is shipped to the
7 Canadian Pa itic railroad at Dunmore
A The company are making arrangementi
d for securing several large contracts fo
is supplying smelters in Montana, and arn
a adding extensively to the roIling stoci
i on their lines of railway, in order to t.ee
the increasing deniaud for their coal
Neither is their any truth in the repor
that the company are refused cars t
move their coal from Great Falls, Th
at most amicable relations exist between th
as A. It. & (. Co., and the Great Norther
as railway. In nearly every town and cit
h- In Montana, Gait coal is in the marks
ty and finds ready sale. The market is a
to present only lonited by the capacity o
he the rolling stock on the road."
AN VOPA'Ie.-JiUSE. o
There ought to lie no further delay in tl
providing Great Falls with a suitable
opera-house, one that would serve the
purposes of the present and until a ma- (I
jestlio monument to ihespis may be t
reared here. It is well understood that c
an opera-house will not pay enormous
dividends frow the beginning, and there-*
fore private capital is naturally slaw toi
seek investment in si-h an enterprise.
Inducements must be off-red by our pub. t
lie-spirited citizens, and if the proper
steps are taken tlis "long-felt want" may
be soon filled. It is not creditable to our a
city if 6,000 people, with a widespread t
reputation for push and enterprise, that
there is not :i public hill in the city ca
pllble of holding 200 people. In the t
opitnioin of the Tnt tineN the board of
trade moild not do a better work than to a
grasp this problem ant< devise ways and
mootii to provide an opera-house for f
Great Falls at the earliest possible day. t
If a stuck coiupany were formed and a
pnrtion of the necessary funds
subscrited some line would doubt
less be found whlii would put in the major a
portion of the capital and carry the proj. I
ect to speedy completion. The house i
might he built on First avenue north, i
where ground i- comparatively cheap
and we have no doubt the investment
would prove a good one. With a suitable
hall or opera house every company of
merit 'hat coines to iMontana would ap
pear in this sity. which would stand to
day, rent to iieleni. and Butte, the best
show town in the state. The board of
traille will meet tomitrrow evening, and
why not take up thiis quistion and start
the opera house ball running?
THE1 1 H/ELl'sA PGH.TOFFI ('..
According to our dispatches from liel
saii thi president yesterday sent to the
senate the name of 'I' II. Clewell for
postmaster at Heleni. This ends a much
talked of conftlit over patronage between
the two alleged senators from Montana
and the sun iof his pli. The two fore
niiied gentlemen proposed JIuies
- Walker of the IHerald, but as Prince itus
sell ,wns the only other Republican
paper in Helena, lie was afraid Mr.
IN tller would learn something concern
cin its circus ' - in, si le objects. The iib
Sjetion see5s,, to have been sustained by
th- president. It is now in order for the
iielena .lur:,..l to come out and say that
Russell never opposed Walker.
iThrough all this petty squabble Col.
(a rtil t - liitlifully disihirbed the
duties to which he was appointed by
f i i- riends iti ei-Preelient fleve
tland i positively that the efforts to cdin
strue hi- ants tree-coinage letter as in ex
'ilicit and deliberate declaration of his
tit} t u-ier legislation in any form are
ti It ju-tite I ny blil real sentlinents iIn the
dsaer que tiont It is now stated upon
r, :ia-ie authority that he has tii ti red
e~hatit ,lly Ia-d unequivocally that lie
merely iiteiued in his letter fo express
ii- ;usigient as to the particular bill now
noili g in congress; that he is not hostile
to bi-metalism,and meant only to express
his disapproval of free coinage as pro.
posed a the Vest bill. He especially dis- i
approved, it is claimed, of such extreme I
legislation immediately preceding the
projected International silver conference,
as it would undoubtedly increase the dif
ficulty of agreeing upon an international
silver coin should the United States large
ly Increase its stock of silver dollars by
free coinage. Mr. Cleveland ought to
t write another letter and more fully ex
r pound his ideas on this subject.
a MR. PORTER, superintendent of the al
leged census of 1890, unites with Mr.
Clarkson in the opinion that the demo
cratic press of thl country is far superior
to the republican mad has a much wider
circulation. Turi undoubted fact he ad
mitted with sorrow and regret at the To
ledo blow-out in honor of McKinley.
a Mr. Porter also pointed out the fact that
a not only are the democratic papers more
enterprising and more successful, but
I that several of this ablest repulictan pt
pers are unsound on the tariff and thus
it are givug aid and sustenance to the en
5 esi. "It is 0almost 5-fe to say," r-i irked
e the census man, who ought to know,
"that the circulation of the fri-- trade
y democratic newspapers is twit'- hli it of
dlie republican newspapers." Neither
Porter nor Clar son have yet si- ,ested a
t mentus of turning the tide of p1iultrity
le of the democratic press.
ts IT is said that a monster petition has
ir been signed by Great Falls peopila and
-f sent to the legislature praying for the
cannexation of Neihart and larker dis
tricts to Cascade county. If this is trin,
I' it is Indeed a queer proceeding. It seemn
it to us that after the petpIle of these d-
at, tricts absolutely refused to sign a pe
te titlon to annex, that that should have set
tied it. Nelhart has none but the kind
e. liest feeling toward 5ireat Falls. but she
its does not hanker after being tied to het
or piapron strings. Some lhay we want a little
re county of our own, bit if we once get
hooked ui with Cascade, our name it
1k Dennis forever afterward.-Neihart Her
al. The Herald need not be alarmed, as
irt no such petition has been sent to the leg
to islature. however, we believe that Nel
he hsrt and Biarker naturally belong to Cas
he -ade county, and that it would be to the
rn decided interest of the people of both
tY districts to be attached to this gruwinM
et and progressive county.
of Wu At- has become of the bill for an oil
inspector? It is known that a strong
lobby is working against It. A lill o0
so great importance must noit te lost sight
of. The author of the measure should
take great ere that it is brought before
in the attention of the house very soon.
he For the information of our esteemed
is contemporary we will say that it has gone
be to join the bills providing for a state en
tat ciner, it state inspector of coal mines, r
lus state railroad commission, a state bureau
re- of labor, a state examiner. and others a
to that intere-ting chuartter. I1 n-t like
te. ly i lat h w ill be if di- i r k hi a u ntil
ib- ithe next sess:'mnor the b '_silatuire.
Itrat.l is pushing forward that great
railroad enterprise. the Siberian railroad.
and it is to lie completed In two or three
years. A ariter familiar with the country
sayC it will la 7,(t0) :nio in length, anld
the eastern tarmi iis a ill he sat five daay
fram .lapa: It aill give Hfa-eta the trade
of Japan waid l(iii a asith Europe and en
able it to aomipate a'tth the Pacific roads
of Alnaert a far tih- traffic not derived
from ( hili a. eape-in ly in the carriage of
ten, which : it, haert q uality by sea
raunsprt .a ii.
aril irt-e.. - alt at w- ia at
tenterprising demoi . ii " , - "
in Montana's future era r: iaanulaa
ing aity, hal increased it: size fromi four
to eight plages, and make- a rely neat asp
pearance in its new form. Ioatng may it
wave it it tights fairly, is true to its
friends, just to its rivals and in harmony i
with it- constittttents, as it so far seems u.
to be. It is a pity that ar mulch cannot
be stal for any other paper in Great Falls.
itaea of donatains of lund for the pro
plaeai to'ungregatianal college will not tie
recei ved later than April 2 and bids for
laimat onu of money not later tani May,.
1" i, time our citizetns were giving this
-abject serious catnideratiim if they
woull secure this institution of learnint .
a ieat Fills Is the natural site for it anut a
united effort rhould he made to secure
it, lasatiar here.
Ltiiti i i-siAN Ea.i-i lJonsa 'alif North
I akota wrote the auditor at 'Waslaluattoa
askin a ta have hi, salary far Ma:" h, when
his te-m begin,, :ahnaiiaced to him. Fail
ing it this he ' aist on to WVshington aind
*aua ht to laaa hia t al'aiy i t a yeair iv
pathecated. Jtohnsntia I evidently in cona
gr"s for blt , iary, and lie wants it right
ITf in fact ii year before it is earned.
Nairtlh 1akata aught to ae proud of hala.
To.a 1.,i tai ~! Minneapells i= bline
boaaed a lhi- friend- lir secretary of
the tra aan.a to hal the ti.cancy e nird by
Suciminaa'- death. auwry is - _reat a imn
cleir ]i-t i- iiaitm (h i al t i a itesalaa. llowi -
ever, like i-aiel Manaiur, lie might aur
p rise ah,. o n t , ( n- th ing, t -e kaiw%
how to t,. nine Iii- ors it: tic m in a
a A a, ino a by the report of the ia' r. ,-!
health of Butte a-i mean . iiperat rii a
a that place, aihiia aS till- '!1 11 ''a- -
I Hrocky aiaountaima., ah. II- of .- a
iiuaia was 2i8t.88 tii km, an a eing I and
s the iuighest 5i. TI:iia -
V cliianat" of Caulifornuaaa rii au1t1cr cunt
THat last issie of the Great Fart
TIBUNEa comes to us with a new heas.
and in an enlarged form. The Taent,!sa.
has staid with the daily proposition few
several years, keeping pace with tae
town with every issue. Its enlarged astr
improved form shows that the tow& ic
TuE house htas rightly decided that tike -
present salary and fee system must cents
tinue during the terms of the present 1a%
cumbents. We think the several conntis.
are to be congratulated cn the Issue. T'bI
salary bill passed by the house will be
the most expensive legislation of thwrr
class ever enacted in Mlontana.
GEN. IlENitY IIANTIN. a SIBLEY, Wise
died at his houne in St. i'eiul this weelk .
wies a central and enmmanding Oguewe
among the pioneers of the northwest Fb
was the first governor of M.1innesota ama
his history is that of Minnesota and tiew
Dakotas. For half et century he wit
prominent in that region.
eT ietShadow of Free Trade" is tsw
subject of a leader in the Hlilena ifera .i
We presume it refers to .1 im ilaine's e "
ciproeity schemie, whtch. however. is ne
the eubstance than the' -bldow oe fe <
trade. ileciprocity" meee sound betue-,
but it is another name for the sameethe ir:
I'iere*e IIe:e ieee:N, tfee religiou, cra2.)
who tried to kill his sweetheart in Ner f
Minneapolis a few nights ago, writes. L.e
not trouble yourself to find me. tor I leea.
gone to a paece where the stars neer
shine and sun never rises." Peter', pre- -
ent address must be iteuete, Mont.
Ttce Engineering and Mining .Cere-r.
of February 1. quoted Be.'ton & M lert,2ae.
stock at 411 and Butte & Iboston at i .
r There was a little put In the latter a i
e the report that the new eutte plant of ta.<
t company wax in full operation.
Ueee .e' See lees paid >et00,000l oee %.x
, count of contested elections siece 1 E.
. Before that date conetestaut, were'
q. uired to pay their own expensee , .l 1
was not a had rule.
e *RVEYOitR MEET.
h The Great Northerne and Northern Pcea's .
g ~ Come Together.
The Northern l'aeific and hret \~-;r,
ern surveyors have coeol ce ,,'
ii East Fester Creek. lThe lorner ee aner
g the permnent loeetione. ene t:e leette
ef preliminary line. ---Ie'elee 'ity News
et 'There are now twof plretie.s runecn c
d preliminary line e fler the e;rent Northe,
e one on East the -thee on We-t Foe
Engineer Stevene, in ch erge o`.
d (party on East Foster creek, reports :
grade there to be muucl I.lietre thai,
eeay previous tee rvey- eaeled.rn the (el :
a In view of the .at n, ie , ,I etlusf e ee
ceeost of Iellelieee., iet to meetion ite "
mincched ee t of operaftion, ther. speed
h et l ti ee doubt that the last s-,:,:
Creek re et. will ee chosen. Thri wet
it place Iela vei p " hie emtile ..
two trans eenl r. .flra ho cc
A cream oft 'a'"au
Iligliest of all in I~el tie L tr '
~U..'. Gocerhl11aa 1;r1 1. . I lý
uNCLECi .1 ,. IA I, OIH/
'aber's Goldirn Fan~aie PIibi4
SURE! SAFE! (EI In
Ii THE APHRO MEDICINE COMIPA!'i
IYei terni IRrgne, lkx27 LOUtTL, 1%.
Bold by G3reit Fiall druaaista.
I1 " 1''}"APHRODITI'4E'1
t. ;..e . _ .. F
THE APHRO tv.LiJ1u".u.E Co.
For -"' , If. . eyr ' . Great F`