Newspaper Page Text
THE WEEKLY TRIBUNE.
WATtIRDAY. B1PI'. 19. 15sl. JM''INLE!ISM NOT REPUBLI CANISM. The Minneapolis Journal claims to be with the majority of its party as to all issues of national importance, but it de clares that: "With McKinleyism it has no sympathy. for McKinleyism is not a republican arrangement at all. The term McKinleyismi is applicable alone to the tariff schedules." And then it adds: "Reciprocity, which was annexed in spite of the McKinleyites, is the dominant feature of the tariff dwelt ulin by the McKinley organs. They all talk of the glories of reciprocity. But how many of them jubilate moer the wooll schedules?" If McKinleyisil is not a republican arrangement. we would like to know wihat it is. I1. and hIis tariff have re ceived the enlorsel:letit of every repulb liean convrntion bIvh in the Union sinuce the passagte of is hill. Not ome of them 'repuduttd it. Ecrh swallow'dI it. wtool schedulh ainl all. without uattin.g 11 (y,". The. tiurnal. Howe'ver. is the frslt .o. , - tle inter 1ount:lailn :dev.ot a c"l111n 1of warning. to the ,wokilng.m.. of that ,ilIt not to be pnltrapl,.d 1.. theirl a'lphiatriI,. ttc. It t ellh ll, the ti.rs that ti, t isitolr will call the tarill a steal: lh(ey,.v ail y. I that the McKinley bill has raised the ast if living: that iprte.tion robs the nilny to enrich the fw: that rnli-I pIrocity is just the same as free Iralde, and if a little of it is good free trutade with all the worIl I lust Ie better. '"'he are going to say that the last congress r misapproplriated a billion dollars of putb lic mloney. They are goinlg to abuse d Ilarrison anii Blaine, and in the cloud of vituperation whie h they will raise they s will retriat and go over to lelehna and repeat the dose." a If that is all they are going to say the i gentlemen will tell nothing new to the i people of Montana. Even the Inter h Mtuntain, submerged as it were under a dnuse mnass of ignorance, knows all about e it and can repeat the counts in the in- h dictment against the republican party, as glibly as a trained parrot. But the a speakers may not content themselves in presenting the charges against the Inter Mountain's party so well stated by that bt paper itself. They will prove then to be at true-true as holy writ, and for that ti reason the Trtnu-s: would advise every voter in the state to hear thein, if pos sible, at the points where they will p) speak. l MaJ.. Mi Ki.m:.s answer to the gen- m tleman who interrupted him in a speech 1 with the question: "If your tariff bill is cc in the interest of the farmer why dlid ti you put hitldes on tlte free list'?" was not at honest or exactly truthful. His reply II was-: "We didn' t put hides on the free pt list; we found them tih're. ThI had cc Ieen on the free list for twenty years." cc lie should have answered, if he desired is to ie truthful and 'cndid: "I took hi des from thel free list and taritfed th-em at si ! t1 cents a pound, but the New England le; thiotiniakiurs callnl down to Washingtlon wl in a boly and imade suchii ai fuss about it of that I was t mtllt l [ied to put lthem iutLck ,i the free 1Is1 a-ain." That is thetrut.h' i .,f the nlittb .', but Jir. 31eKinh . i., m t I'e ... . t i -telb ue i ann n "let it . . 'li' .i IF.. 0 farIwr is litling oit \I 4 to riti g t eh i iiu. i t urned F iF. st, ti.l i'r,,.,m .,,i of -ilvr and h,. the \itu riF wllll iat r iI.r is llal il to t tler. It is %il1 known tI hat iusloingas the white metal lreallin a merltlalitall. tOlcounliity its market price is tixed in thi Liver pool and London niarlkts. The wheat speculators in tihose miarkets are now buying our silver at about 81 cents per ,unce in goltl. It is coined into rupees of regulation weight, sent to India and expended in the purchase of wheat which is brought to English markets where it competes with the American grown article. Our own silver is de Lgraded that it may be used in the pur ,hase of India wheat raised by coolie labsr to put in competition with Amueri ,'an wheat raised ,y free white labor. li England means war with lRussia she could not have se.lected a more fa vorale tine for herself than the present to force the issue with and humiliate her old-time enemy. Iussia must spend at least .-,i).%J.(JO for breadstuffs alone this year. besides she would be corn pelled to raise a big loan to continue hostilities. And Russia would not be alone in it. All the principal European powers would take a hand before peace would be declared. That nation will assume a terrible responsibility which first lets loose the dogs of war in Europe. T'H. ultimate result of the Salt Lake irrigation congress is concealed in the future. but it is apparent by its pro ceedings that there were some level headed men in attendance. The con gres formulated a memorial to congress asking that body to grant in trust to the states and territories all arid lands lying within their borders belonging to the public domain. The memorial is in line with western public sentiment upon the matter, which fact will lighten the labors d the committee whs duty it is to urge isous to comply with It. M'KINLEr' AXBWERS. While defending his tariff before th people of Ohio, Major McKinley is beinl asked some embarrassing questions b; the democratic press and by the Inquir ing farmers of that state. He recentl; addressed a large audience at Coshboctor where quite a number of questions wai asked and to which he replied. Hii answers may have satisfied himself ant his party organs, but they would be fa from satisfactory to an audience com posed of intelligent, thinking people The first question asked was: "Is it not true that the duty paid oa an article imported into our country ant called a tariff is a tax to be paid by thi person that consumes or uses the article. Major McKinley's answer was: "? revenue tariff is always paid by the con sunIer, 'beause if you put ai tariff on a non-ecmpeting foreign proaucit. a pro duet we cannaot produce in this countr) then the price of thalt product to us iI thli foreign prilc with the .\lmeriecr tiatff added, and that is paid by tiht A mllerican consumller. "In the case of a protective tariff, ii aiin1v for a time he paid by the a.nsumeli while we are building iap the indulstry but when wel hlava' raiachel the sui.l''es till Im tuafatrt' of' a ny prII dir t)lllll in th I'litd Statles under a i prll teting till, thriff a.itp ling at houtil l f ia il i r11e1 ittiola the pri fl. : ia the .hiericaan alaiulsl il l lue i'lt the ll ax. i l I rl atkin.g the questi' nu t "a s sati fiýt d ir cm(, ina 'd wit h the aIa swtaear. .ir. h'laiihl't alnf sei l talll. t a tari isa itax lprolf illa'i l i , aril!' is piced upt 1n tno artirii, w ,o itnot S111l" ý lnnoi p.' duce in thisit country. .il ina ntre we tarl nua t pruil ll l lila ltialu l i and h, nes I ia hlia. trilf f . il. ents pr' lllilound upon it i ila adireclt taax upon thill tol alllier. Hence i t flliows that a i dait) leva id il lipo all thllr articles .f which Vei l(Ill not lproducilte whlit we' cilionsume - wool fior instanceli is it tax. in lhe case f ai protective tiarilf he aldm Its tIll- ta luet be paid by lthe consuler, whilea iaw nait' his asophistry- while we lire uilding up the industry. W'hen that is acunplisheitd comillpetition, he says, reou aites the llrice. und the Amnericaln col siuctr hiies not paliv tile tax. 'Tihat is very pretty in theory and the I he' students in tariff lore linay believe t. But there are two objections to ale lapting it as truth which Mr. McKinley ins not removed. In the first place, uring the ll5years of this governuient's isstenee we haven't got a single indus ry in the country that isn't protected igher today than it ever wais before, the nle busingle business of sugar raising, quinine maanufacturing and one or two other inor industries excepted. We have leen building up the iron and woolen, ad steel and cutlery, and crockery and iware, and scores of others which may - mentioned, and still everyone of them hinks it needs more protection. The Seople are daily taxed to support them nd McKinley cannot dieny it. There is mnpetition among a very few of these aunufacturers -but among only a few. 'rotection has bred pools and trusts and unibines to keey up prices, and protee mn will breed more, so that prices for fy Amlerican naanufactured article will e placed at just that tigure, which will revent the foreign manufacturer from unlpting in our home market. The ausuiner will pay the dlifferenctl which I a tax. There is another proposition to be cton sidered in connection with \1r. tMcK:lii lev's alnwer. It is this. Any taritf law whic·h will make the American consumlller of Iany article pay Inmor for it than ll, wonuld witlhout tlie tarifft. alilt c:instmier is taxediil tio n aIIL ui t eyulaill tihe di itall up-. n to pilly t tihat tu \ p lr . u l - petition re.iulhitls th, pI i .".h"' ther t ill no L ,ng".i' h neeli for i h1irill upon Itl., article. It will be as c.h.ap or ehaplr than thi futreign hia-le ahttitleu without tliuh tairilf ulponi it. .\Another it louestiailn w s: "Is it not trite that the taxing lpowers of the gotemrnmnntuare eixhausteui d whien it has raisedt an amuiount of money sutli cient for the administration of the gor ernrnment'" Major McKinley said: "My answer to that is that under the democratic rev enue policty from 1844 to 8!10 the taxing powers of the government a ure exhaust ed before money enough was ra.ised to pay the ordinary expenses of the gov ernnment." That is no answer at all. I'ndcer the Polk-Walker tariff of 184(1 the rates av eraged only '2 per cent, including the dtnties on luxuries. The compromise tariff of 1857. for which republicans as well as democrats were responsihle, re. duced the rates of the Polk-Walker tar ilf on the plea that the revenue was .ex ctessive. Mr. McKinley's tariff raises the average g0 per cent. Now come-s tlhe. questionl: If the taxing powers of the government were exhausted in the levy ing of duties, averaging ±2 per cent, and less in what condition are the taxing powers of the government that can't raise enough to run it under a tariff a:eraging (0 per cent? Will some Me Kinleyite answer? Still another ques tion Mr. McKinley answered was: "Is it not true that the founders of our federal government regarded a tariff as a means for raising revenue for the sup port of the federal government; in other words, a method of federal taxation?' Mr. McKinley's answer was: "The fathers of our country expressly declared that the object of the first tariff law ever passed was to raise revenue for the government and to encourage and promote manufacturing interests in the United Htates. "That first tariff law was not for reve nue only, but it was for revenue and to promote domestic manufactures. That was the law signed by George Washing ton and t ppoved by the fathers of the Lt r ys ansbl.wer Let Mr. MeKinley's answer be sc. cepted as true; that is, that our frat tariffl were for revenue and incidents protection, or, u he puts it, "to promote domestic manufacture." Let us ma what the average of those tariffs were and then we can more clearly determint whether they were levied for revenue rather than for protection: Pe91 Year. cunt Year. ser I ............ 1. . ...... ... . S.......... r 1 .............. 4 . 1811............... 11.tal 1ris.............. i7.: 1 * .3( .............. 87.511 I WIN......... .... 4( t.1 1M42............. '2. 51 1rI7.......... 47.11 1............... 2.451 McKinley's...... 60,Or *1I l)enounoea as the tariffof abominations. It will he noticed that the government started out with a tariff averaging a lit tle over 15 per cent. It wee increased and decreased between 1791 and 1861 as Mir. McKinley says, for revenue and pro tection. In 18(;1 it jumped from an average of 18.84 per cent to an average of :X;.'2 per cent in 1802 when the war tariff was put on. This kept increasingr all tlthe time iup to tlhe present timer a lire it is Gi; per cenet. Now were the tarilff from I 1;,2 to the present tirme for pri.rr lion or ri-rvenr'" if for r-v.nul turen aiecrding toi Ilr. hlhKinily they iont-i Ih'riy txlres uponI thie .A.rllllririil I'-i. isrinr: if fir protection whlut or lnt.i hll iIenI p11:lin it pubr lle dlitlt rf ov r . ,. (Niril.('i the war lelft rrt a rlgurry t t-le i, ul.. .1 little rorll ninrg will shown thi . reIiel that protection creates rivrinr " and that "'rcet. nu" is only niother i ,I it' fr- "tiax" i tax cl'llrectrttl flrom th Mir. .MKihiley says his high protective htrill' will curtail the revenues of the g.ioverinent. Iii also says w-e must raise .iHt541.0) ait day or .:;3G.t.ix rKO a year to rut the governmrent a larger sunr than ever l fore reiqhuired. Now if his pro tective tariff will curtail the revenue Ihere in thie namllre of coninmon sense will the government ind mloney to run itself. Will somr MicKinleyite please answer thins luestion also? Whiat a picnic (ivernr r iCampbell will have in piceking into pieces and scattering McKinley's arumnents to the fiur winds of ~Ilaven. Under the above cuption the Salt Lake Tribune, a republican newspaper, refers to New York's next governor, the Hon. Roswell P. Flower, in the following com plimentary terms: "The democratshave nominated a very strong man as candi date for governor of New York. More than that, he is a bright, all-around man of affairs. We believe he is a bigger man than any one in the United States thought Grover Cleveland was when he received the same nomination nine years ago; and we believe he is a dead straight honest man. We have seen a great many sneering items about him in the republican press, but never saw his in tegrity questioned. Above all he hls an ample fortune, being a two or three or four times millionaire; and money makes at great difference in New York, even if none of it is corruptly used. "Mr. Flower, four or five years ago. had the presidential bee buzzing very loudly in his bonnet; but when lie was here blout a year ago and was questioned as to his political aspirations he said, pleasantly: 'I have been discharged cured.' It seems lie has had a mild at tack again, and if he shouldl e elected in New York lie woutl have a regular political lay fever in his had wh,-n presioehntial nomiliilojii time i"Allmes nelixt slllluntr. Iadhee·d. w.e helieve. shouldl he hie ,le-eid hie will Ibe the candidate. ai eleet;ion \ ill n-ie himi a niiglty prestige. II oulni lbe famI n in tlwhom thel frll nlld ol ('lv. t;,iv and ll hill couldl ioi, proi ise ruit ifully. "\\V, take it that today hII, fceels us thio.gl hi star was in the ise.ndant, andI we think lie hlias a riight to, feel that II)e:mo,,a,'vr-i' clubs organized through out the state at this time will be able to do a year of excellent preparatory work incident to the first presidential election in which Montana has a share. The club plan has proved to be a success in sastern states, it will be especially use !ul here where party organization is not as compact as in older communities. rhe indications are that the formal in auguration of the movement at the meeting to be held in Helena will bring into consultation representative demo crats from every section of the state. I )enocrats of Montana have last year's 4plendid local victories to stimulate them. They can win again next year, and one useful agency to that end will be in the organization of active clubs.- Anaconda Standard. We: have fallen upon no more signifl eant indication of the waning influence rf so-called Boston culture that is afford ed by announcement that the convicts if the Connecticut state prison have re volted against beans. We had from tim to time heard rumors of dissatisfaction about Browning and Delsarte. But this attack on the bean is a stroke at the very citadel of New England's intellect ual supremacy. -Brooklyn Times. Tau people of New York may choose between a Flower and a Fassett. The selection will be determined by the ex ercse of two of the sense--taate and smell. Ir there is a man in America more severely soored than anotherby the press of the country that man is Russell B. COTTONWOOD TREES. It may be somewhat premature to speak about fall tree planting, but as the time is not so far distant when many prefer to set out shade trees it may not be out of place to say something about a tree which appears to be a favorite with a majority of tree planters, but which if Prof. Charles A. Keffer of the South Da kota college can be credited should not find a place in the yard or on the road side in this state. Thisgentleman writes to the Orange Judd Farmer that during a recent trip through northwest Iowa, southwest Minnesota and southeast Da kota he was struck with the number of (lead cottonwood trees to be seen from the car windows on the tree claims and in wind-breaks. No other tree has been so much used by prairie tree planters as the cottonwood. It is a cheap tree is one reason, and then it succeeded so well in central Iowa and some others of the prairie states, and was so easily grown that settlers chose it in preference to trees of greater value but of slower growth. Iulot, aysa the professor, the last three years of unusual dry weather in the Ipor tions of the states he visited, have de ulonstrattd the unlitness of the cotton wctoo for dry lprairies. According to his stateu nltit the treesl seenetl to thrive un til they hald attained a height of ino feet or lti feet, a ,l then whei the planters hal begtuln to think they were safe uainst iny eneliy thcy ,begun ,dying. Iii found single rots if enttonaoods standing along roads and division lines in perfect health, while on the same farm cottunwoods of the same size, closely planted. were almost all dead, having dlited during the past two years. It sim ply goes to show that the cottonwood is it tree demanding at great deal of room and that it is not adapted to close plant ing. It is a native of river banks and sand-bars, where its roots are always in reach of water. hut even in such loca tions the majority of the trees are usual ly short-lived, very few reaching large size. Close planted as they are for shade, or pIlanted in dry road side lands, the aver age life of the tree is very short. That is the reason we say that in Montana. where water cannot always he obtained for irrigation, the tree planter should se lect variety of trees for shelter belts, or shade plats which will steadily increase in value, and which are longer lived. Aside from its feeble tenure on life it is a "nasty" tree, scattering a gummy flower all over the adjacent country, which draws and supports innumerable destructive insects to itself and to im mediate foliage. Tree planters should try some other tree for shade and other purllposes. Timn: story which has been going the rounds of the press about Francis Mur phy, the temperance reformer, alienating the affections of Mrs. Fisher from her husband and marrying before she was divorced from E. F. Fisher, proves to be a canard of the first water. Mr. Murphy has shown to the satisfaction of the most skeptical that the story has no foundation in fact. I1" is now stated that Blaine may Slpeak in Ohio. It is dollars to marbles lie will (do nothing of the kind. Pre-pariIng for Hot WrVatlhr. The following tehlegram from White wright. Tex., indicatis that the people in that vicinity do not intend to be caught \Vi'rr.wrri +rr, Tev., ,June' 2. 1891. C(hamberlaimn Co., I tes Min.es, J.owa N- Slld us at once one gross ('chaner lain-" ( Colie. Cholera and D )iarrhoea I.tem edy, 25 ient sizte. and two dolzn :) cent siz. WVe are entirely out iand have had nar ly fhorty calls for it this week. O. Y. RxnT1'i. & Co. This is just such a medicine as every family should be provided with during the hot weather. It never fails and is pleasant to take. For sale by Lapeyre .Bros, druggists. Joe Conrad carries nothing but the nmost reliable I)ress Silks. If you want to rent a house call on Phil Gibson. Watermelons at Dunham's only 3 cents per pound. Just received, a tine assortment of White Flannel, at Joe Conrad s. Fresh peaches, pears, apples, plums, sweet potatoes, tomatoes, cantalopes water melons, bananas, huckleberries etc., etc., at Eaton & Chamber's, 411 Cen tral ave. BINDING TWINE -AT GREAT FALLS PRICES. E. R. CLINGAN, BELT, MONT. LAPEYRE BRO WE CARRY A FULL LINE OP Drugs, Medicines, Cheminals, Artiles, Paints, Oils, Glass, Lamps, Wall Paper, Stationerl. PBESCRIPTIONS A SPECIALTY. J. H. M'KNIGHT & CO DEALERS IN ( I -iT THE SCHUTTLER AND RUSHFORD WAGONS. .gricultural - Izrp.lex.e. JOHN DEERE PLOWS and HARROWS, Rushfcrd Wagers, Spring Wagons, Bloggles. Buck-Boards, Road Carts, To and Wagon Sheets, Harness and Whips. Agents for Cooper's Sheep Dip. Central Ave., near Third St., Great Falls, Mo HARDING & CAVERLY, Wool Commission erohlanlts 182 Federal Street, BOSTON, MASS. Liberal Advancements Made on Consignments. Sight Draft 1' Original Bill of Lading Attached. O. S. WENTWORTH & CO., Heating and Ventilating Engineers CONTRAOTORS FOR High and Low Pressure Steam and Hot Wat Heating and Ventilating Aparatus. JOBBERS IN STEAM FITTERS AND ENGINEERS SUPPLIE Agents for the Furman Hot Water Boilers. Creat Falls, Mont. REALTY BLOCK. H AR D WA RE. HOTCHKISS & HAWKINS, Have the finest assortment of Shell, Bailding and Heavy Hardware in GREAT FALLS. Estimates for PLUMBING furnished on aplsl: tion. All kinds of PLUMBING ANL TIN WORK DUNE TO OaDkFF Call and get prices. Stone block. Central Avenue. A. M. HOLTER Presldent. M. M. HOLTER. Vioe.Prtident. ALFRED LUBEIIO, Sec.rre Holter Lumber Co. Inoorporated. Capital. $100,000. IN CONNECTION GREAT FALLS PLANING MILL. -Dealer In ulomber, Florin, Sidig, Shingles, Lath, Windows, DOORS, LIME and BUILDING MATERIAL. Charles Wegner, Manager. Fresh Bread, Delicious Cakes California Fruits, New Candies and the best brands of Cigars at LYALL'S- BAKERY. Bread Delivered to all parts of the eity free. releohone Io- 139. .. A. LYALL Prep'r, 3d St. Rubottom & Gilchrist, Interior Decorations, Painting Wall Paper, Wildow Shadee sad htures. Pietaree. Ires and lousd Street North, E. . . at Fall