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The weekly tribune. [volume] (Great Falls, Mont.) 1891-1894, October 31, 1891, Morning, Image 4

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THE WEEKLY TRIBUNE;
sATURDAT. OCT0OBI, L. 186.
THE COUNTY BONDS.
No doubt the people of Cascade ooun
ty are thoroughly disgusted with the
business methods of the commissionen
who have made so many "bulls" in the
issuance of the county bonds, but thai
should not influence them to vote againsa
the bonds at the forthcoming election
We learn that the bonds for the con
struction of the Cascade and Fifteenth
street bridges, the purchase of the Town.
site bridge and court house site have
been accepted by the purchasers and in
a day or two the money will be placed to
the credit of the county. Then the
bridge here will at once become the
property of the county and will be free,
while work on the other structures can
proceed with all possible dispatch.
The bonds to take up the outstanding
warrants were declared illegal because
the question of their Issuance had not
been submitted to the people. The elec
tion next month is to cover this defect
and it is unquestionably to the interest
of the people of the county that the
proposition should prevail. It creates
no new indebtedness whatever but saves
money to the county by reducing the
rate of interest from 7 to 6 per cent. It
puts the business of the county on a
cash basis and warrants will bring them
in face value at any bank or store. This is
of course desirable and the only way
such a result can be accomplished is by
funding the outstanding warrants. The
matter being thoroughly understood we
do not see bow anybody can oppose the
bonds.
The TRIBvNE's kick has been against
the commissioners, their extravagance
and unbusiness like methods, and not
against the bonds.
A WORD ABOUT WOOL.
The Amercian Wool and Cotton Re
porter should be considered good au
thority upon matters which affect thoe
staples. It is not a political journal is
any sense of the word, and its numeroui
readers will bear testimony that it is ac.
curate in its market reports and con.
servative in its comments upon the con
ditions which govern prices. It has con.
c!usively shown that the McKinley wool
schedule has not benefited sheep men,
yet there are those who profess to be.
lieve that the decline in the market
price of wool is due to other causes. A
Maine correspondent of the Reporter is
among them, and that journal publishes
a lengthy communication from him in
which he emphasizes his belief and at
tempts to prove its correctness. To
this the Reporter thus replies:
Our position with reference to this
matter has been very clearly defined.
What is evident to any unprejudiced ob
server of the situation is that wool-grow
ers have not received any benefit from
the bill, and that those who were the
most clamorous for it have been those
who are today the least benefited by it.
As a measure calculated to improve the
position of the domestic wool-grower it
has not been a success.
In cont.nuing its comments the Re
porter contends that as a protective
measure the McKinley tariff has not
kept up the price of wool to its former
level, and adds: "The experience of the
past year has shown conclusively that it
is not safe to bank upon the McKinley
bill as a remedial measure for a declin
ing wool market, and manufacturers
have but little more cause for congratu
lating themselves because of its passage
than the growers, as we have before
shown in these columns. As a bill for
advancing the interests of the manufac
turer, It has been characterized fully as
much by its discrepancies and deficien
cies as by its merits.'
The TaRIBUL has contended all along
that neither manufacturers nor sheep
men have received the benefit from the
tariff which Mr. McKinley so confidently
promised them and that a high protec
tive wool duty will eventually drive wool
growers into mutton raisers. The change
is fast being made now as the annual
slaughtering of 20,000,000 lambs in the
principal wool growing states abundant
ly testify. As long as high wool duties
prevail the home supply must be confined
to the home demand. Our woolen man
ufacturers are shut out from outside mar
kets and therefore must adjust theirout
put to home needs, and that means
everything to the home wool grower.
THE SITUATION IN OHIO.
The Cincinnati Inquirer cannot reason
ably be accused of being "vociferously
hilarious" over Governor Campbell's
prospects in Ohio, or of rendering him
that stalwart support of which it is so
manifestly capable. But it can see the
drift of events quite as clearly as any
other journal in Ohio and has the can
dor to mark it out in its columns. Sec
retary Foster recently went to Ohio to
help out McKinley and this is the way
the Inquirer notes his arrival:
"Secretary Foster has come to Ohio to1
'straighten things out.' Sherman and
McKinley have made a mess of the sil
ver question and Foraker has been rant
ing on state issues in a manner not de
signed to do good to Governor Campbell I
and the rest of the democratic state ad- c
ministration, but all the same of service I
to them. I
"Major McKinley has been measured I
and the people of Ohio have discovered I
that he is a mediocre gentleman, even
on the tariff question. He has not suen-I
easefully defended the iniquitous meas.
E ure which was named for him at any
meeting, and he has been "bested"-a
we say in athletic circles-whenever he
has engaged in a controversy.
"Then along came Mr. Blaine again
the other day with a letter emphasising
the fact that he was opposed to the Mc.
Kinley tariff until a clause was put in
utterly at variance with Major McKin
ley's wishes.
"Mr. Sherman has increased the num
ber of free coinage men by his wrestle
with the silver question. He and his
t- pupils have demonstrated that they can
not consistently be against free and un
n- limited coinage of silver without being
ye against the present law, which he was
instrumental in bringing forth and
to which he held out as a bait to the third
be party at the beginning of the campaign.
"The assignment of ex.-Governor For
"' aker to attack the democratic state ad
In ministration was one of the grievous
errors of the republican campaign. There
ig is a vivid impression that the ex-govern
or is cutting capers in a glass house.
"Foster has many things to regulate,
but he hasn't the time between now and
the election to do the work, especially as
he is very lame in his public policy him
self. The head of a depleted "kiting"
treasury coming to Ohio to tell the peo
ple that every thing is lovely in finance
is a spectacle against which the intelli
gent people of this state will rebel."
The Inquirer ventures no opinion as
to the result of the contest but its state
ments concerning the situation do not
impart that roseate hue to McKinley's
Y prospects which ultra republican
e sheets give it. Campbell is making a
° noble fight almost single-handed. He is
not backed by an immense corruption
fund fried out of protected corporations,
nor has he the weight of the whole ad
ministration thrown in his favor. ' He is
breasting all with a courage born of
strong convictions of right, and making
for himself a name as an orator and
statesman second to none in the country.
and adding luster and honor to the
cause for which he is battling. If Gov
ernor Campbell win in this campaign he
will be a strong candidate for the presi
dency next year; if he lose he will still
stand as one of the most logical and e
fective speakers in America.
I' appears from recent dispatches the
the authorities at Washington have cor
cluded to throw open to settlement th
Fort Assinnibome hay reservation, th
coal field reservation and a portion of th
poet reservation. This is a move in th
line of the interests of northern Mon
tana which will be duly appreciate(
when completed. The reservations o
that post have been out of all propor
tions to its needs and settlers in the vi
cinity will hail with pleasure the fina
act which will give them lawful accesi
to lands upon which they could not en
ter. The trimming down process shoulk
be also inaugurated upon the Indiar
reservations of the country.
THE New York World shows that Mr
Blaine's claim that as a result of the re
moval of German prohibition "$15,000,.
000 to 820,000,000 of American pork will
be consumed per annum where not a
pound has been taken for ten years" Is
not sustained by the cold and unsympa.
thetic official statistics. In the two
years preceding the prohibition (1880.81)
the total exports of pork to Germany
were $1,865,858 and 1,778,514 respective
ly. It would take ten years at this
rate to market the amount of pork which
Mr. Blaine puts down as the export per
year.
THE TRIBUNE is not opposed to the
bonding of the county's indebtedness
when such bonding will save the pay
ment of interest by taxpayers. Nor has
it offered any objection to such proced
ure upon the part of the county commis
sioners. But it does object to the county
incurring unnecessary cost for the print
ing of bonds that are afterward found to
be useless. Careful, considerate county
)fficers should never make steps in the
lark. Davy Crockett's motto was: "Be
lure you are right and then go ahead."
rhe motto of some county commission
irs is: "Go ahead and find out afterward
whether you are right."
ArT last advices Maj. McKinley had not
accepted Gov. Campbell's challenge to
neet him in joint debate anywhere and
it any time before the election. The
lovernor was willing to cancel all his
lates and meet the major upon the
hrounds of the latter's choosing. Mc
Kinley, however, lost his appetite for
oint debates with Campbell at Ada and
as not recovered it. He will not accept
he challenge.
THERE is a bare possibility that the
3hilian junta will get its "Spanish up"
md refuse to make any reparation for
he unprovoked killing of the American
allor and the maltreatment of others of
he crew. In which case it becomes a
ertinent question to ask, What will the
dministration do about it? Probably,
imply recall Egan and sever diplomatic
elations with Chill.
AND now comes a Texas judge with a
eoision that the law prohibiting aliens
rom holding lands in this country is in
ontravention of our treaties with foreign
owers. If this decision be confirmed
y the supreme court of that state, and
i is thought it will be, the treaties of
be United States with foreign nations
lust be radically revised if it be desired
i prohibit aliens from acquiring title to
ur public domain.
r REOIPROfITY AND AMERICAN
PORK.
Every true American will rejoice whet
I new avenues are opened abroad foi
American products. This year, by a dis
pensation of Providence, the countr~
finds itself overloaded with agricultura
outputs. The season has been extreme
ly favorable to their growth and yields
There is a large surplus of wheat, corn,
oats and barley in the country. By ,
dispensation of the same all-wise Provi
dence, certain kingdoms and empires in
Europe find themselves comparatively
barren of breadstuffs. Instead of ex
porting they are compelled to import
them. They look to America to keep
them from starving. and this country is
finding a profitable market for all its
surplus cereals and meats. In plain,
homely, but truthful language, the
farmers of the United States are, this
year, prospering by the hunger and dis
tress of others. The European peasant
and mechanic must be fed by our farm
ers or starve. Our farmers are feeding
them.
In order to ameliorate the condition of
her suffering people the German govern
ment has removed its prohibition on
pork. The removal of the embargo
against it was wholly due to the neces
sities of the German people. Reciprocity
cut no figure in the case. The negotia
tions whereby the prohibition was re
moved were conducted by Minister
Phelps, the German government simply
insisting that the pork should be in
spected and none sent into that country
without a clean bill of health. Here is
what Minister Phelps himself says about
the matter.
Germans eat pork raw, and therein lies
the danger. On that account the Ger
man government is very careful in ex
amining even German pork, and it was
only fair that it should insist upon a
careful inspection of our pork. Ger
many promised all along that when this
was done our pork should be let in, and
it has kept its promise. I am especially
glad that I insisted in the policy of not
using threats against Germany. The
Germans will not take threats.
The negotiations with Germany were
I concluded at Saratoga last September.
In giving the news to the press, the pres
ident's private secretary, Mr. Halford,
wrote as follows: "The removal of the
pork restrictions has nothing to do with
any question of reciprocity, but is based
upon the acceptance by the German
government of the inspection of meats
by this government under the law of the
last congress." It will thus be seen
that the admission of German beet
sugar free of duty had nothing to do
with the removal of the German em
bargo on American pork. We may now
send a million dollars or so of pork to
Germany after it has passed through an
inspector's hands, but not a dollar of the
onerous tariff burdens imposed upon our
people is removed. German consumers
of our pork are untaxed, but the raisers
of the meat pay the same old tribute to
the great manufacturing corporations
in the eastern states.
NIEDRINGHAUS AND TINPLATE.
Mr. Niedringhous, if correctly reported,
would make it appear that although he
pays his workmen two or three times
the wages foreign tinplate workmen re- t
eelve and notwithstanding the duty upon
tinplate is increased under the present
tariff law from 1 cent per pound to 2.2
per cents. per pound, he can manufacture f
and sell pure bright tinplate at a slight a
increase over former prices. He also e
says, if correctly reported. that he is em- t
ploying 2,030 men in the manufacture of r
tinplate. The TInvUz is not prepared li
to say that Mr. Niedringhaus is a gentle- r
man who would willingly convey a false r
impression in a newspaper interview, but il
it is prepared to affirm that if Mr. Nied- t
ringhaus speaks by the card he has ad- h
mirably succeeded in concealing the a
extent of his tinplate plant at St. Louis t
from the newspaper men of that city, a
and indeed from the outside world. The b
TRIBUNE is further prepared to say that a
his "bright tinplate" has never appeared ii
in the American market to dazzle the ,
eyes of the purchasers.
The TRIBUNE is inclined to believe that
Mr. Niedringhaus, if correctly reported, t,
must have been in one of his jocular I,
moods when he informed a city reporter h
that he could make tinplate at a slight ii
advance over former rates. This belief n
is confirmed by the fact that the impor- R
tation of foreign tinplate is gradually as
suming its former large proportions but tl
at materially advanced prices-prices at a
which Mr. Niedringhaus could make g
"bushels of money" if he can do what he tl
says he can. The gentleman will, we l1
know, pardon us if we say that in view a
of the many "tinplate liars" who ooca- a
sionally pop up here and there in the u
country outside of Piqua, we have lost m
our appetite for them and will refuse to la
swallow what it is alleged he said a day w
or two ago in this city about the manu- tl
facture of the article. pi
ci
A Leader. t
Since its first introduction Electric w
Bitters has gained rapidly in popular fa- Ia
vor until now it is clearly in the lead is
among pure medicinal tonics and alters- gi
tives--ontaining nothing which per ti
mite its use as a beverage or intoxicant, Ji
t is recognised as the best and purest t
medicine for ailments of the Stomach,
Liver, or Kidneys. It will cure Sick
.headache, InIdiestion, Constipatom, and f
drive Malaria from the system. ts-lo
faction guaranted with sech bottle or Ia
moy will be refunded. Pric orly j
cents per bottle. Sold by Lpeyre Brs. f
MONTANA'S PRECIOUB BTONE!
Truly Montana is a great countr3
Nature east it in a heroie mould. It i
grand in area, grand in scenery, grand i
its resources, and yet its possibilities ar
not known. The largest and lonuge
rivers in the world rise within its bor
ders; the vastest volumes of water flo
through its confines; the grandest avall
able water power in the world is foun.
within its limits; the most beautifu
lakes dot its surface, cool, refreshin
sparkling mountain streams fed by thi
eternal snows up on the lofty, cloud
piercing peaks madly dash through prec
Ipitous canyons, laughingly join in peace.
ful vallyes and then unite to form rvly
ers upon whose broad bosom the orom
merce of the world may float. It.
mountains are girdled with great bands
of gold and silver and iron and lead and
coal which are only here and there
slightly punctured: its output of prec
ious metals far exceed that of any other
state or of any territory in the union,
its vast plains and plateaus, covered
with nutritious grasses feed and fatten
countless herds and flocks whose tender
meats are the delight of epicures; its
rich, prolific soils gladden the hearts of
husbandmen with their enormous
yields; its fuel supply would keep the
hearthstones of an empire glowing with
generous heat during countless ages,
while it has timber enough to fence its
03,000,000 acres of land in rod square
lots. Truly Montana is a great country.
But all its resources and riches are
not yet named. While the sands of its
streamlets and creeks and rivers hide
measured values of gold their bars and
banks abound in precious stones. Dia
monds and rubies and sapphires and
garnets and emeralds are being unearth
ed and added to the wealth of the world.
The old placer diggings on both sides of
the Missouri river above Great Fall
yield the firt three named in compara
tive abundance while the last two have
been discovered in other localities. The
sapphires and rubies are of all colors and
izes, pale blue, ultamarine and clear
white being the prevailing shades. All
re distinguished for their purity and
brilliancy. The diamonds are unusually
ine. While these stones have been
ound only in a few localities in the state
they will doubtless be discovered else
vhere within its boundaries now thatat
antion is being directed towards them
md preparations being made to mine for
hem upon a scale commensurate with
te importance of the finds.
THE LABOR CONTRACT LAW.
It appears that the law to prevent the
importation of laborers, under contract
is standing in the way of the succesful
prosecution of some of our "infant" In.
dustries. Niedringhaus wanted to im.
port some Welsh tinplate makers, but
that law barred them out. McKinley
made tinplate at Piqua without taking
lemons from Welshmen. But as that
kind of "tinplate" can be made by any
one who has a full complement of arms
and hands no leasons are needed. A
couple of Japanese were imported not
long ago to teach American laborer.
how to make an ingeniously contrived
children's vehicle, but the stern unyield
ing inspector of immigration pounced
upon and hustled them out of the coun
try before they could say Jack Robin
son.
And now comes a pearl button case.
A Mr. Zeisler has brought machinery
from Europe to Chicago for the purpose
of making cheap pearl buttons and gath
ering in that 200 per cent. tariff upon
them which now goes into our bank
rupt national treasury. After Mr. Zels
ler had imported his machinery and
rented his building and made his prepa
rations to gobble up three dollars for
less than one and imported a few Aus
trian workmen to show him how to make
his pearl buttons, that Nemesis in the
shape of an immigration inspector reads
that cold, clear cut law to the gentleman
and sends back his "foreign pauper la
bor" from whence they came. And now
a howl goes up all along the republican
line because that law is a boomerang
which strikes its makers.
The law was passed to prevent the im
portation of foreign labor under con
tract, yet foreign pauper labor is flood
ing the country every month and we
have no law to reach them. They come
in direct competition with the laboring
masses of our own people and not a
whisper is raled by the republican press
against them. But now that two or
three men or corporations that wish to
monopolize as many industries and
gather a most onerous tariff tax from
the people are stopped by the contract
law from carrying out their designs we
are told that too much attention is paid
to the letter and not enough to its spirit,
and that the admission of foreign work
men to teach Americans certain secrets
in the manufacture of certain articles
would be no violation of the law. Verily,
the labor contract law is returning to
plague its framers. By the way, why
can not Americans go into foreign coun
tries and learn the desired trades? Or
why can not the ever-inventing. ingen
lous Yankee discover even a cheaper and
better way to make tinplates, Japanese
gimoracks, and cheap pearl buttons than
that employed by the Welsh and the
Jap and the Austrians? Why can not
they?
W. B. Chamberlin has just returned
from the east with an immense stock
of silverware and rich jewelry, all the
atest novelties in aterlin lver, rich
ewery, lade.' watches a large stock
st diamondaot7-tf
WHAT THE TARIFF 18 DOING.
Just what the MoKinly bill has done
for the country is sen in the fact that
during the firt six months after its pas
sage the number of mercantile failure
in the United States increased 11 per
cent, with an increase of 47 per cent in
the liabilities of the failed firms during
the same period. In Canada the amount
of liabilities in the same time decreased
29 per cent. From Jan. 1 to Sept.1 of
the present year the number of failures
in the country reached the enormous
number of 8,886, the highest in its his
tory for the same length of time. The
effect of the measure in depressing busi
ness is indicated in the failing off of 11
per cent in bank olearings in six months,
which means a shrinkage of (8,000,000,
000 in business transactions. The con
sumption of pig-iron has fallen off 33 per
cent and the revenue of the government
has fallen off $47,000,000 in customs
duties during the last eight months,
while its expenditures have greatly in
creased in that time. It is also ascer
tained there was such a falling off in re
publican votes last November that the
party was beaten by a popular majority
of 8,000,000. The wages of workingmen
has been reduced in 300 manufacturing
establishments in the country, while in
not one has it been increased. All these
facts are brought out in an able article
in the Minneapolis Times of recent date
and none of them have been challenged
by the republican press. And the Mc
Kinley bill is just gettingin its work.
GOOD NATIVE CATTLE.
Under the above caption the Drovers
Journal observes that: "The prevailing
low average price of live stock, especially
cattle, is due almost entirely to the low
average quality of the daily offeringa
In looking over transactions reported in
the Drovers' Journal the first half of the
present week less than fifty loads of cat
tie sold above $500, and only one lot
was good enough to bring over 6--two
loads averaging 1,557 lbs., selling Wednes
day at 60.25, but this particular bunch
was 'nothing to brag on" as a week ago
1,586-lb. steers sold at $6.45. Prime cat
tle sell readily at satisfactory prices but
there are comparatively few being mar
keted, while thousands of so-called good
cattle are being received daily. The
excellent quality of western rangers this
year operated against the expected ad
vance in ordinarily good natives and
helped to lower undesirable native cattle.
In a few weeks the season for westerns
will close and then desirable corn-fed
natives will probably fare better as the
general demand in this country is good
and no matter how many cattle are pre
paring for market on the new corn,
preparation takes some time."
ABOUT PRICES.
Clean, cold-cut facts do not bear out
the republican statement that prices
have not been raised by their tariff law.
In a recent speech at Lawrence, Mass.,
Governor Russell showed they have been
materially increased upon many articles
in common use. As this is a "campaign
of education" all facts bearing upon the
interests of the people at large and in
any way affected by the McKinley tariff
become pertinent matters for considera
tion and discussion. Here are some as
presented by Governor Russell:
Gloves now cost at retail from 25 to 50
cents a pair more than they did before
the McKinley tariff law was enacted.
Common lace curtains that cost 37%
cents a pair now cost 45 cents. Those
that cost $2 now cost 2.40.
Plush garments that cost $20 now cost
$25.
Pearl buttons have advanced from $9
to $14 a gross. Shirt buttons are $1.17 a
dozen instead of 75 cents.
Common woolen Astrakhan cloth costs
$4.50 instead of $3.50 a yard.
Bilk plush garments have advance i
from $B to $13; woolen hosiery from 57
to 50 cents a pair.
The rates of duty on certain kinds of
cloth including Kersey, corduroy cloth,
and French cloaking have advanced 30
per cent, while the prices have advanced
from 32 4-10 to 44 4-10 per cent.
Underwear was advanced from 10 to 25
per cent. Blankets have advanced 8%
per cent and manufacturers refuse to ac
cept orders for future delivery. Neck
ties have gone up from 33% to 50 per
cent. English water-proof cloths that
cost $1.75 per yard now cost $2.25.
Glassware has gone up from 6 to 2d
per cent and clockery from 5 to 12. Th&
price of common foreign window-glass
has advanced nearly 39 per cent, of
ground glass 104 4-10 per cent, of com
mon American window-glass from 17%
to 33 per cent.
Gov. Russell obtained the above price
list from a retail store in Boston doing
a business of millions each year. They
are the actual prices charged now and
before the McKinley act was passed.
fMany more might be added to the lit.
Those given, however; completely an
swer the silly campaign story that prices
have not advanced under the present
tri.f law. It would appear to the aver
ge student in political economy that
any tariff which adds taxes upon an ar
ticle would increase its price to the con
iumer. This stands to reason, and how
nan can be made to believe that added
axes lower prices passes comprehension.
MR. NIEDRINOHAU. says that even if
is were indicted for importing foreign
abor under contract "it would make no
lifference anyway." And he is right.
With the administration on his side, the I
aw and the grand jury are a long way
rom amounting to a majority.--St. Louis c
tapublio. a
eInure your property with Phil Gib
oa. C
In an artiele on "Our Mon iV
tion" the United States ul
tempts to show that we hav
money in oirculation and
the further purchase of silver do
the government should eeom l
another peps it publishes a lih
foreclosures on town and fari Do
in Valley county, Nebraska, as bou
enty foreclosures in Dawes cou,"
state. In the one article it co
our money per capita is suelt
legitimate purposes; in the oth at
knowledges the farmers of N line
terribly short on cash. pl
nearly two dollars of ldyer per l
our one and yet that nation is sts
take all it can get. The Invs lee
not harmonise with facts. U
SiBoux CIT has its corn palace bri
Paul is talking about having a a
lumber palace instead of an lee l b
What is the matter that Greit n
cannot have an ore palace? It h e
material almost at its doors. No
advertisement of its resources one
made than a mammoth buldi ut
structed of gold, silver, copper, elt
iron ores, marble facingsand oeol
in here and there, all of whlih so
fully abound in ts violinity. The
prise is worthy of the considers t
our public spirited citizens.
Tas McKinley tariff act havint
creased the tariff tax on cloakse
cents per pound and 40 per cent t,
cents per pound and 00 per cent, '
of cloakmakers in this city has sh
love for the working men and w is
reducing wages 20 per cent. -The
York World.
IN Tas aIIGWOOD 3IIOIe I
A Tribuneo Represetatv Witrles T
oepe sad he AAhie ot the
steekme.* ell
NORTxAerT Or TRn HIOnWo00o (1
October 21st, 1801.
The busy season for ranchmmen i
most over. Haying is undoubtedly
longest and most laborious work
which the ranchmen contend, -
from July to November. The
of hay harvested in Montana this yes
far in excess of that in any previous
in the history of the state. The
will average from 25 to 50 tons by
ranchmen to 1,000 to 1,500 by the
stockmen.
The harvest of grain, oats, barleysl
wheat is nearly all threshed or sta*
which places it out of danger. 1
acreage sown is large and the yy-l
exceptionally great. The yield of Y~
tables is unlimited. Montana hat
ficient potatoes and cabbage to su
all the Rocky mountain regions. N
with the shipment of cattle, which is
most complete, the ranchmen can re'
for the winter to his merited rest and
balance his ledger, and there is no dou
the ledger will balance with satisfact
to him.
This region of country ha been
ticularly fortunate. The Shonkin co
try has long been settled and is rich
many resources, and is the home of
of the oldest stockmen and ranchmen
Montana. There is a good range h
for stock, especially for large ranchmt
extending from the Highwoods to t
Missouri river and the Judith region
the east and south. There are but few
streams in the central portion of it, eoit
furnishes a large grazing area for thes
who control the water surrounding it.
A few of the larger cattle kings on the
Shonkin, who have immense herds ii
this region are Lepley, Kingsbury and
the Milner Livestock oompany haviql
some 12,000 or 15,000 head each. Below
these, toward Benton and the Missouri
are the large sheep ranches of the Pat
tersons and Col. Rice. There are three
brothers of the Patterson, each heavily
llaged in sheep raising. These are all
old sheep men, having fine stock and ex
cellent accommodations for the care of
sheep in winter.
There is quite an amount of excite
ment on the round-up this season. The
cattlemen are all in good humor because
of excellent sales of cattle and splendid
winter ranges and add some excitement
to the chase. It seems there are more
than a common number of wolves,
cayotes and occasionally a bear on the
range, and these furnish a rare delight
for a cowboy's chase. A cowboy on a
muscular steed is the swiftest runner
that roams the plains. This may not be
generally known, but as nevertheless
true. As soon as a wolf or
coyote is seen be is given
chase and headed off from
the coulees or places of concealment and
in less than two miles he is winded and
overtaken by the cowboy, who lassoes
them as he would a calf. They would
bite the rope off like a stick, but are
prevented from doing this by jerking or
keeping a tension on the rope. The
Bhonkin round up has already captured
twenty-six wolves and sixteen coyotes.
which for the furs and bounty make
them valuable game. The boys have
only captured one bear so far, though
they have come across a band of five at
one time. It happened that only one
rider was close to the band. They were
near a rockylgulch and as he approached
them they sprang to their haunches and
the hore became unmanageable with
lear. Before the horse could be turned
about all bhad disappeared except one,
end the cowboy got him at ninety paces
with a 5-caliber six shooter.
nmoke tMe Best, t. a P.'s Amerlea.
QRIAT FALLS
Purchasiug llusin lssAgy
P Ws t mde ue.Bd et as ueteu d fo
-"L' Y P oPttstd to mo en s pDop Md m4
re ssirie iaformatia promptly as
. Uolaes.temp.
F. H. FEDERHEN,
I at Ulm Houee Oroat Palls.

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