Newspaper Page Text
Changea on the Kar til's Surface.
New York Sun: The lighthouse* keep er at Reykianes, the southwest point of Iceland, discovered on July 21* last that a new island had suddenly appeared above the water, about nine miles from the mainland. Nine weeks ago the British Consul in Iceland visited the is land, which he describes as a black vol canic rock of small extent. In this neighborhood several islands have from time to time risen to the surface or sunk out of sight. Geological writings give a great many instances of important changes on the earth's surface that have been made within historical times. The stupend ous volcanic eruption of Krakatau on Aug. 27 last year entirely changed the physical aspect of the Sund a Straits. A part of Krakatau was shot out of the'/ sea and dropped into the straits eight miles northward. The greater portion of the island, containing several thous and million cubic yards of earth, was hurled through the air over Zaug Is land, and plunged into the channel sev en miles to the northeast. These two new pieces of land, which have been named steers and Calmeyer Islands, now appear above the sea where previ ously 240 feet of water existed. Where the volcano of Krakatau stood a sea fathomless by a line of 1,000 feet now exists. General Sir J. II. Lefroy recently call ed attention to the fact that ninety-six more or less extensive tracts of land are known to be rising or sinking. Geolo gists tell us that the Atlantic coast be tween Cape Coil and Cape Ilatteras has been sinking for centuries, and the sub sidence has not yet ceased on the coasts of New York and New Jersey. The Indians who lived on Manhatton Island when the Dutch colonized it two centu ries ago, said that in the time of their great-grandfathers it was possible to cross Hell Gate dry shod from one bank to the other. Prof. Guyot estimated that since the colonization of the coun try, this part of the coast has subsided twenty-three and one-half inches every century. Science is not yet able to tell in ac cordance with what laws these upheav als and depressions of the earth's crust occur. Geologists, however, have been able to fix almost exactly the limits of the areas both of upheaval and subsid ence. There is now no doubt that many of the islands of the southern Pacific Ocean are the lofty portions of a continent which sank until the water covered it. Other parts of the Pacific Ocean bed are gradually rising, and are thrusting here and there new islands above the sea. While the greater part of the Ameri can continent is slowly rising, Australia is gradually sinking. Lieutenant-Com mander DeLong found evidence that Bennett Island had risen one hundred feet within quite recent times. Thus year by year the earth is reconstructing its seas and continents. One of the most startling and roman tic features of border life occurred re cently on the Wild Horse prairie, thirty miles north of Los Angeles, when a band of wild horses, under the lead of a noble sorrel stallion, came galloping over the plain to reconnoitre a company of surveyors engaged in making a sur vey of the tract. The band dashed toward Capt. Keller and his party of surveyors till within about 500 feet, when the leader halted in a grandly proud and defiant manner, w ith neck curved, nostrils distended, erect, and tail on dress parade, and all then ranged themselves on each side of him like squad of cavalry in a battle charge After surveying the scene for a moment the leader galloped proudly away, fol lowed by the band in the most graceful and dignified manner. The scene was most romantic, and the picture of the lordly leader, with his most obedient subjects in their fleet and graceful motions, was worthy of an artist'i pencil. There was another band of wild horses on the same prairie, under the leadership of a dark mahogany bay stallion, with black mane, tail and knees, In this band there are two white horses, while the rest are bay and sorrel mainly. Few people are aw T are that at the base of the Sierra Madre, only thirty miles from this city, wild horses roam in their native beauty and crop the rich grasses that grow on Wild Horse prairie. Yet such is the fact, and their sleeck ap pearance and graceful motions are the admiration of all beholders. -Los An geles (Cal.) Express. How The Presidency Is Decided. Each state is entitled to as many elect ors as it has senators and representatives ia congress, and these are voted for by the people, so that the president and vicc-pres ident are not chosen by the people at all it amounts to the same thing, however, as «sch elector in either or any party is nom inated with special reference to his party fealty and invariably represents by his vote those who elect him. The voter is not confined to districts or localities, but casts a ballot containing the names of all the electors his state is entitled to, the candi dates obtainingthe greatest number of votes being elected, the same as other candidates for office. On the first Wednesday in Dec ember the electors who have been chosen meet at such place in their respective states as the legislature thereof may provide and proceed to tote first for the president, then for vice-president ; three certificates of the result are made, one of them for warded by special messenger, another mailed to the president of the senate at Washington, and the third filed with the judge of the district in which the electors cast their votes. On the second Wednes day in February, in the presence of Con gres» the president of the senate announces the result of the voting by electors and offi ciaHyprociaims the men having the highest pujnber éf votes duly elected as president 'and.'vice-president. The inauguration takes place on the fourth of March follow* üaf— and this if fill. A the'/ to a Barrels Apples ! 50 Boxes Oregon Apples and Pears ! 2000 LBS. OF GANDIES FOR THE HOLIDAY TRADE. OALJROFRNIA HONEY, In the Comb and Strained in Fancy Glasses and I in: Apricots, Grapes, Peaches Peeled and Unpeeled, Pitted Plums Sour and Sweet, Prunes, etc TOBACCO and CIGARS, A Complete Stock A Full Line of Staple and Fancy Groceries, At Lowest Prices at IT. G. lÆattHiessen. BIO HORN re a a of CURRAN & LENIHAN, —dealers in— FARGO BEST FLOOR ! $3.40 per Sack In five-sack lots. Liberal discount in greater quantity. Fargo No. i Straight $3.00 CORNER OF MAIN AND LEWIS ST., LIVINGSTON, MONTANA 1 GEO. W. METCALF & CO., Feed and Sale Stables, CORNER MAIN AND CLARK STREETS. FINEST "TURNOUTS" IN THE CITY, Tourists and Travelers carried to or from the remotest points with safety and dispatch Horses, Mules, Harness and Wagons bought and sold. Oats and Baled. Hav, Stock boarded by the day or week. Spectal attention given to Gentlemen Drhers Terms as reasonable as any in the city. Call and see us. CLEVELAND & HENDRICKS Have given us the exclusive right to sell Boots & Shoes, Hats & Caps, GLOVES AND MITTS, And a complete line of gents' FUBirisTiinsra-s At lower Prices than any firm in Montana. Republicans and Democrats call and be Convinced. Merrill & Mclnerney. BOSTON BOOT & SHOE STORE, Main Street, • Livingston, M. T. Livingston Bakery ! Main and Second Streets, C3E3CAS- Prop Fresh Bread, Pies and Oakes delivered daily by wagon. 'WETZSTEIIT'S -AND SAMPLE ROOMS, ENËD. A cordial invitation invitation is extended to old friends and visitors. Come and see me Thompson Bros., 1 Arc stm Ju lhe lanil of tll0 ]j vm „. w j t u oue 0 f the largest and most complete stocks ol etOTHWC, Gent's Furnishing Goods Boots and Shoes Staple and Fancy Groceries, I11 the Territory. Their stock is JSEW,direct from the Eastern market, and they have 110 OLD, Second-Hand stock of Shelf Worn Goods to palm ofT on customers at regular prices. jjgpYou are invited to examine their mammoth stock and learn their prices to lie convinced that they are selling a better class of goods for less money than any other house in Gallatin county. Remember their location, MAIN STREET, LIVINGSTON, M. T H. FRANK, Park Street Clothier, Has just received a large stock ol Ready-Made Clothing, GENTS' FURNISHING GOODS, Cloths and Underwear Of the best quality, and for the next 30 days special inducements will be offered. -MERCHANT TAILORING-- Our cutting and fitting department is complete and we will guarantee satisfaction Park Street, Livingston Parlor Restaurant, Always has been and is still the leading Restaurant of the city. Ey strict attention to bus iness and always giving the best of everything we have made it so. Thaukiul for past favors, we ask a continuance of the same. OYSTERS all STYLES. FOULKS & KELLEY. a Main three*, Four doors from Postoffice. CEPERLEY & AYRAULT, Real Estate, Insurance. AND MINING AGENCY. Town Property for sale, improved or unimproved. Agents for Eight of the Strongest and most reliable Insurance Companies. Quartz and Placer Mines lor sale in Emgrant Gulch. Quartz Lodes in Clark's Fork and Qu.u tz and Placer mines in Mill Creek, Hear airfl revice Gulches. Fine ranches for sale suitable for agricultural or grazing purposes. it Sale ! ol to I I Please to take notice ■ - that the undersigned have bought and will close out, re gardless of cost, the stock of goods formerly owned by Smith & Hagy, consisting of Dry Goods. Groceries, Hats & Caps, Boots & Shoes, LADIES' AND GENT'S FURNISHING GOODS! Etc., Etc., Etc. For Cash Only. Remember that this is no catch penny advertisement, gotten up for the purpose of deluding the public, by selling them one article at less than value only to cinch them plenty on the next, bjit is a bonafide Closing out Sale, of the aforementioned STOCK AT LESS THAN COST. The goods will be sold at the old stand of Smith & Hagy, Main street, and at this place the public can find for the next sixty days, BARGAINS Unprecedented in the trade history of Montana. Never mind the Presidential elec tion for you cannot vote anyway, but spend your time rustling cash with which to maKe for yourselves money at this SALE EXTRAORDINARY. G. H. Carver & Go.