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T VOL. 2. NO. 36. LIVINGSTON, MONTANA, SATURDAY, FEBRUARY 28,1885. PRICE 10 CENTS Pfingsten gnirrjwi#. LIVINGSTON, WEIGHT & HENDEY, MONTANA. - Publishers. SATURDAY. FEBRUARY 28. 1885. iUBUCRIPTIOS RATEH—PAYABLE IN ADVANCE. One year..................................... Six months................................... * J™ Three months................................ 1 rj Single copies........... ..................... 10 Mies Jennie A. Henderson is authorized to re ceiveand receipt for subscriptions to the Weekly Enterpiiise at Mammoth Hot Springs. ADVERTISING RATES. WAVE One Inch .. j j Two Inch.. Three Inrh.j Fsur Inch . 1 O war. Col.. Half Col... ; One Col. ...Ii 1 1 -to 3 75 5 75 7 50 10 50 15. 2 7.1 6 00 9 00 12 00 16 50 24. 3 75 H 50 11 50 16 00 22 50 33. 4 50 : io so 15 00 19 00 28 00 42. A 00 13 50 19 (X) 24 00 36 00 60. 9 no 23 00 35 Of) 45 00 69 00 108. 15 00 :vt 00 5« 00 72 00 106 00| 180. TERRITORIAL OFFICERS. Governor—B. Platt Carpenter, neiena. Secretarv—John 8. Tooker, Helena. Delegate' to Congress—Martin Maginnis, Helena. Audljor— J. P. Woolman, Helena. Treasurer—D. II. Weston. Helena. Superintendent of Public Instruction—Corne lius Hedges, Helena. . Attorney-General—J. A. Johnston, Helena. 'OUtfkt Attorney—1st District— H. N. Blake, ^pfetric/Attorney—2d District—W*. Y. Pember ^ District Attorney—3d District—J.A. Johnston, ^ChU-f Justice— D 8. Wade, Helena. Associate Justice—W. J. Galbraith, Deer Lodge, John Coburn, Bozeman. U s. District Attorney—J. M. DeWitt, Butte. IT. s. Marshal—Alex. C. Botkin, Helena. Surveyor-General—John 8. Harris, Helena. Clerk 1st District Court— Theo. Muffiy, Virginia City. Clerk 2d District Court—R. Lodg L. Davis, Deer Cleric 3d District Court-A. II. Ikattle, Helena. Collector of Internal Revenue— T. I. rimer, Collector of Customs—T. A. Cummings, Ben ^°? T 8. Assaver— R. B. Harrison, Helena. life* Wer of U. S. Land Office, at Helena-* ran |i Aakfi^on. __ /BAL^TIN COUNTY. St)**iff~ 4- J- EdsalL I}i»zenian. Treasurer— Ed. K. Ferris, pozeman. udge—C. 8. Hartman, Bozeman. County Clerk and Recorder—James Gpurley. Probate Jude Assessor-T. P. McDonald, Livingston. County Superintendent of schools—Mies Adda M. Hamilton, Bczeman. » oroner— R. D. Alton, M. D.. Livingston. Countv Commissioners— S. L. Holliday, Liv ingston; W. H. Tracy, West Gallatin Mon igrton, East Gallatin. „ „ p, Livingston Precinct— R. W.; Hanson, M. ^Consta!*«*- Jphn Winnett, J. Cornwell. J E, IIENDRY, * Uxitbd States Court Commissioner, Livingston, Montana. JOHN A, »AVA0B, 8 Notary Public, A VAGE A ELDER, JOHN II ELDER, N. P. Land Agent. Attorneys at Law and Real Estate Agents Practice In all the Courts of fl»e Territory. Main street. Livingston, M, T. TAMES FOWLIE, ^ ATTORNEY and Counselor at Law. Practices in all the courts of the territory, Notary Public. Real Estate and Collection office, . „ Office—Main St., near P. O-, Livingston, Mont. JJOBERT D. ALTON, M. D. Surgeon Northern Pacific R. K. Co. G BORGE HALDORN, ATTORNEY AT LAW. LIVINGSTON, MONTANA. jy B. PERRY, PHYSICAN AND SURGEON. LIVINGSTON, . MONTANA. Leave orders at P. O. drug atore. Bank of Livingston STEBBINS, MUND & CO., Livingston, Montan« Transacts a GENERAL BANKING BUSINESS. Exchange on all the principal cities of the United States and Europe. (vtbrebt Allowed on TIME DEPOSITS. Collecti in? made a specialty. Correspond ence solicited. ASSOCIATED BANKS. Stebbins, Mund A Co., Miles City. Stebbins, Mund A Co., BilUngs. Stebbins, Conrad A Co., Buffalo, Wyo'g Merchants National Bank, Deadwood, D. T. Stebbins, Mund A Fox, Central, D. T. Stebbins, Fox A Co , Spearllsb, D. T. A. L. LOVE Cashier. SECOND HAND Printing Office, Nearly New, FOR SALE CHEAP The material consists of one Washing ton Hand Press, one Pearl Job Press, with Type, Stones, Etc., in quantity to suit purchaser. Address, WRIGHT t HENDRY, LIVINGSTON, M. T. ed, in in ly on the the one set J. the the of and a »EWS OP THE WEEK. J™ rj 10 Senator Don Cameron is seriously sick. Frank James is free of all charges in Missouri. The Peruvians have an Indian war on their hands. The Prince and Princess of Wales are about to visit Ireland. Mrs. J. B. Raymond, wife of the dele gate from Dakota, is dead. The Marvin Safe company's factory in New York burned; loss $230,000. A fire in Chestnut street Philadelphia destroyed $200,000 worth of property. The Granniss block in Dearborn street Chicago, was burned. Loss $150,000. Colonial troops for service in the Sou dan are being hurried forward from Aus tralia. Three thousand carpet weavers of Yonk ers, N. Y. have struck for an advance in wages. Failures last week in United States and Canada 290 as compared with 270 the previous week. An explosion of natural gas at Wells burg, W. Va., destroyed one building and killed six persons. It is understood that Gen. Rogers, mem ber of congress from Buffalo, N. Y., will be the next public printer. At Bluewatcr, Arizona, a railroad col lision killed John Breed, Jr. and Morris Barth, young merchants. An avalanche in the Selkirk range on the Canadian Pacific killed two men and seriously injured three more. Mormon migration from the southern states to Utah is beginning. A party of 100 started a few days ago. The house of Neal Shanks at Nashville, Ohio, was partially destroyed by dynamite. It is believed to be the outcome of a local feud. Edward Vogely book-keeper in the Butler, Pa., Savings bank speculated in oil and is missing along with $40,000 to $60,000. John L. Sullivan's wife sues her brutal husband for divorce on the ground of cruel and abusive treatment and confirmed drunkenness. Capt. R. F. Hughes of the 3rd infantry and Capt. E. M. Heyl of the 4th cavalry have been appointed inspectors general with the rank of major. Granada is greatly alarmed by fresh earthquake shocks. Several land slides have occurred. A portion of the famous bathing place has fallen in. Hal. Gasling, U. S. marshal for the western district of Texas, and his deputy were killed at New Braunfels, Texas, while attempting to arrest robbers. At Las Nariss, Mexico, Jose Gallegos, a maniac, murdered Don Miguel Montano and his wife, wealthy residents, and then cut the throats of his own wife, two daugh ters and a son. The Texas Pacific land grant forfeiture bill has been passed by the senate and now goes back to the house for concur rance or non-concurrence in the amend ments. It forfeits the entire grant. The trial of Cunningham and Burton suspected of having caused the late dyna mite explosions in England has been post poned until Monday next. The govern ment claims it can convict the prisoners. Bya collision and subsequent fire on the Virginia Midland road five men were kill ed, $75,000 to $150,000 in cash in the ex press car safe burned and the largest loss in mail matter suffered that ever occurred in the United States. Cleveland's inaugnral address is nearly completed, only needing a few touches to make it complete. It will be short not over 1,200 or 1,500 words and will clear ly define the position of the president on public matters. The Chicago dyamiters held a meeting on Sunday afternoon. The most violent speaker was Mrs. Persons who said if the men wanted a leader she would fill her apron with dynamite and lead them to the work of destruction. At the investigation of the Philadelphia insane asylum fire Joseph Nadine, one of the in mates confessed that he had been supplied with a match by Peter Schroeder one of the attendants, with instructions to set fire to the building, which he did. Nadine is an imbecile. The trial of Joseph C. Mackin, William J. Gallagher, Arthur Gleason and Henry Biehl, on charge of conspiracy to affect the result of the election for senator in the fourth Illinois district (Chicago) at thc Presidential election last November re sulted in the conviction of Mackin, Galla gher and Gleason, and the acquittal of Biehl. D. G. Swaiin judge advocate general o the army, court martialed on the charges of conduct unbecoming an officer and a gentleman and neglect of duty, has been sentenced to suspension from rank and duty for twelve years and to forfeiture of one-half his pay for that period. His of fenses were duplication of pay accounts and failure to report the facts concerning a like offense on the part of Col. Morrow. a ed on all a in on are in in England is apprehensive about Russian manifestations in Central Asia hut |the Russian government assures England that they do not mean to attack India—not just yet. Hugh McDermott, a N. P. employe at St. Paul, stepped into an open refrigerator I car to ride through the yard. The door of the car closed in some way and rendered the car nearly air tight. A charcoal fire I was burning within to keep the cargo of. beer from freezing and in half an hour McDermott was suffocated by the fumes I of the coal gas arising from the fire. The Spanish government has instructed | the Spanish Minister at Washington that in case the proposed Spanish-American treaty is not ratified by the senate before the change of administration in the United States government, that he shall mi April 5th withdraw all concessions relative to I sugar which Spain offered America with the hope of securing its ratification. A Victoria, B. C., dispatch of the 23rd I says: A meteor passed over the city this I morning at about 9 o'clock. It was of enormous size and appeared like a mass of moulton iron. The noise caused by its passage was like that of escaping steam. Smoke and steam were thrown off and it was seen to descend into the sea of Haro and sink, a cloud of spray and steam ris- ' ing to mark the spot where it struck. The extraordinary phencomcnon was witnessed by many persons. At Exeter, England John Lee a mur derer was to have been hanged. Three attempts were made to hang him and each time thc machinery of the gallows from being wet and swelled refused to do its work. After the third unsuccessful at tempt the prisoner fell in a*swoon, physi cally and mentally exhausted by the terrible ordeal. The officers were also dazed and stupefied by the experience and made no further attempt to carry out the I sentence of the law. Death of Gen. Stewart. Gen. Sir Herbert Stewart died at Gak dul Wells in the Soudan on thc 16th. Gen. Stewart was a brave and very capable officer of some years' service in Egypt. To him Gen. Wolseley entrusted the com mand of the desert expedition for the re lief of Khartoum. At Abu Klea he had the first battle and defeated the Arabs. Two days later in another desperate but successful fight Gen. Stewart received the wound of which lie died. He held a major-general's commission. This is the third general officer of the British expedi tion in Soudan who has been killed, the others being Gen. Earle and Gen. Gordon. a The Avenger of Blood. A man named Baker and another named I George Smith with their wives stopped at I St Meeteetse, Wyoming, on their way south- tlc ward from Montana. Smith's wife was Baker's daughter. Smith got drunk at Meeteptse and abused and assaulted both | women. A man named McWallacc who stood near interfered, and Smith turned upon him. Me Wallace after a time drew a gun and shot Smith dead. He then mounted his horse and rode away and was next heard of at Brown's Park, Colorado. Baker with the women also went to that as arc the region and heard of McWallace being I there. A brother of thc dead Smith was 1 informed of what had occurred and taking with him Ira Hamilton and a man named _ „ , . Kell, tUc, went to the house where Me- I, Wallace was staying and calling hin, out rirot him dead, all three puttmg bullets into him. Two Heavy Eires. I An extra of the Anaconda Review in-1 for forms us that on Monday last about 4 p. jail ni. a fire broke out on the main street of the Anaconda in a building occupied by C. M. Elder, clothier, and M. C. Leonard, barber. thc fire originated were entirely destroyed The stock and building where 1 - t 6 j in Adjoining bnildings were somewhat in-1 on stopped in the building whore it original ed by the use of snow, water conveyed in backets and a small stream from a force pump, «tecks in adjoining buildings were slightly uninjured by removal. The The total loss is about $8,000, insured, origin of the fire is unknown. On the same day at about 1:40 in the morning a lodger at the Occidental hotel, Missoula, discovered that building to be on fire. It was soon such a mass of flame that almost nothing could be saved from the building. The fire then spread to McLean's furniture store near bv and des out his be troyed that and most of its contents. An-1 bad building near by was ^ on pulled down to stop the flames and had the desired effect. The total loss is $28, ly. The insurance amounts to $12,000, ly all on the Occidental hotel, Captain Pym's Scheme. | Captain Bedford Pym, a well known naval engineer of England, and exMnem her of the British Parliament, who has just completed an extended tour of the United States and Canada, has expressed a desire to send to the British Museum a •ingle copy of every daily fa png. the United Stale, and Canada; al«> copy of each weekly. Of the darin» he desires a copy of March 6th, and of the weeklies a copy of the issues of the first week in March. The papers are to be ad-1 and dressed to Captain Bedford Pym, No. 2 I Crown Office Row, Semple, E. C., London, England. It is Captain Pym's intention to classify and bind the papers in volumes by states, provinces and territories, and at request the British Govemnent to place I them in the public archives of the Brit of ish Museum, where they will be open to public inspection by visitors and be care I tully preserved, of. Kreidler M»y Be Beaten, Washington telegram 20th : The senate I took up the Montana m&rshalship in secret session to-night. Senator Cameron of | Wisconsin moved to lay the matter of in formation over until Tuesday, in order to fP ve morc time f °r th e examination of the pspers made against Marshal Botkin. A v °to by acclamation on Ibis motion was earned overwhelmingly. The Wisconsin I ®®n*tors are now sorry they did not try to have thc whole matter laid over until after March 4. Senator Sawyer says that for I the firsttimc he now be S ins to th ink Mr. I Kreidler,s appointment will he beaten, The democrats are opposed on general P riuci P les to P uttin S republicans in office just as Cleveland comes m. It is said the Wiscons,n senators exchanged courtesies M th #enator Brown on the nomination of Ornery Speer and secured his support of ' Bo ^' n ' I «»ter-in-law, Mrs. George C. Stull, who On Tuesday afternoon in executive ses sion of the senate when Kreidler's cose was reached, Senator Cameron moved to adjourn and it prevailed so that Kreidler was not confirmed. Major Maginnis has convasscd all the democratic senators and asked them not to vote for Kreidler's con firmation so that with Cameron, Sawyer and Cullom in favor of Botkin the matter is likely to go over till after March 4th. Presentiment» of a Relative's Death. Inter-Mountain : On the morning that Mrs. N. J. McConnell of Butte died her was in Bozeman, was greatly distressed by a presentiment that Mrs. McConnell was about to die, or was already dead. She mentioned it to her husband, and while they were yet talking of it, a messenger boy brought them a telegram containing the sad news of Mrs. McConnell's demise The circumstance is rendered si ranger by thc fact that Mrs. Stull did not know that Mrs. McConnell was even seriously ill. Another strange presentiment connected with Mrs. McConnell's death was that on the night preceding it her mother, Mrs. Gillette, who was in Seattle (about thousand miles away), dreamed of seeing the deceased placed m a leaky boat, which was then turned adrift upon a dark shad owed river. Stock in Wyoming. A Fort Fetterman correspondent of the I St ockgrowers' Journal writes ; Range cat tlc are doing well> but a good many dogies and rawhides haTe passsd ovcr the river to the everlastlng rangcs , and morc will fol . | low> Re „ ular cgtt ]c will Regular range cattle will pull through all right. They look fully as well as they did this time last year. A good many young calves arc to be seen on the range, more in fact than usual. Horses arc in good condition. A good many of the boys were in from the ranges last week and reported favorably on all stock except dog j e8 Jail Delivery. On Wednesday eveuing Harry Edmund son, one of the Con Murphy gang senten I, to u years tlie ^„ ltentiarJi ,„ mes Clarkc , bular in for „, r(!c ycan! , Prank , „ rollcr „ op for flvc ycarä , Janlea Dwyer a stock thief sentenced for three years and Frank McCormick awaiting trial for counterfeiting escaped from the Helena jail by seizing, binding and strangling the turnkey. Bill Langford Badly Frosen. Two weeks ago to-day as the workmen - .. „ ____ . ,,, , _ in the Pyrenees mine at Georgetown, Deer Lodge county, quit work they saw a man on ,|, c ^ distance awa y struggling desperately to walk. They went to his and found that he was not onl, elhau8ted but ba dly frosen. He gave his namc „ Bm 0 , Clark'« p ork , md ^ ,, c „„ tbrcc dnJ , and two nights out from Phillipsburg. He had come up Flint Creek to the falls, and spent two nights in the woods in that vicinity—one night without fire. His feet and hands were badly frozen. The toes and front part of the right foot were frozen solid ; his left foot was not quite so bad. He will be sent up to the hospital. The frozen man will lose part of both feet, but his hands will probably be all right. If it bad no t happened to be Saturday evening ^ on w hich evening the workmen at the Pyreneea quit at 5 0 ' clock ) Langford would not have ^ ^n, and undoubted ly hav(J fr0Z0Q to death bc fore mora ing Wyoming'» Governor. Washington Telegram: Francis C. Warren, of Wyoming has been nomi nated for governor of Wyo min g fern tory. The Wyoming men here say this nomination of Warren will give great satisfaction to the people of the terri tory. Mr. Warren is a citizen of Wyom png. h»ving removed there tom from W,UCh 8tate h « " » el[ec|ltive abmt y has Uled torpor ^ offlM8 ta th „ territory and been very successful as a merchant, banker and stockgrower. a of in of to to ing bill the a of The in was ing the tion cil red the of road the to bers 2 to of to A TERRITORIAL LEGISLATURE. Proceedings of the Fourteenth Regular Session. COUNCIL. FRIDAY, 20tII. Mitchell and Buck were appointed committee to consider thc gambling bill Morris, Fergus and Kennedy were appoint ed a committee to inspect thc books of the auditor and treasurer. Council bill relat ing to chattel mortgages rejiorted back from the house with amendments and amendments adopted. Thc council bill for the taxation of telegraph and telephone lines was unanimously passed. Bill pro viding for the record of supreme court opinions was lost. A bill permitting per sons under sentence of death to be re pneved from time to time by operation of law until an appeal to the supreme court can be heard was passed. Council bill to prevent woman beating was passed. The bill to create the county of Ravalli was reported back without recommendation by the select committee appointed to consider it. The house bill reducing the fees of sheriffs in conducting prisoners to the penitentiary was passed. The council bill providing for the incorporation of the town of Billings was passed. In commit tec of the whole thc hill to create the county of Ravalli was considered and de feated by a vote ot 9 noes to 3 ayes. SATURDAY, 21 ST. Citizens of Anaconda petitioned for the organization of their fire department and a bill to that end was introduced. Mitch ell introduced a bill, 66, to provide for the incorporation of villages in Montana. Monday, 23rd. Citizens of Fish creek petitioned for the suppression of gambling. Several bills were introduced : one to repeal the act providing ^°r the election of public administrators, another to provide for thc appointment of road supervisors. House bill 46 was defeated. The bill to create the county of Ravalli came up for third teading and was defeated by 11 nays to 0 ayes. Thc council bill to provide for the preservation and audit of county commis sioners proceedings was passed ; also the bill authorizing husband or wife to dispose of property acquired before marriage also the bill to enable Clioteau county to liquidate its court house debt; also thc bill relating to concealed weapons. Tuesday, 24tii. A large number of house bills were in troduced and referred. Thc house bill to prohibit hunting and shooting in the en closures of others without jicnnission was passed. The substitute for the house bill relating to notaries public was discussed in committee of the whole with a rccom inondation that it do pass. It provides that the governor may appoint notaries public for two years without consent of the legislature. The bill relating to fees of jurors in civil cases was passed. WEDNESDAY, 25tH. The act to authorize county commis sioners to make contracts to keep roads in repair was reported upon favorably. The house bill to punish prize fighting by two years' imprisonment was reported upon favorably. The bill relating to indecent exposure of the person was killed. A bill to make the office of road supervisor an appointive office was reported upon favor ably. A bill to permit the county com missioners of Yellowstone county to bold their next quarterly meeting in April was passed. House bill to insure thc Montana law library was passed. Thc house bill to prevent prize fighting was passed. The bill to prevent the branding of stock dur ing certain seasons was reported upon fa vorably. HOUSE. FRIDAY, 20th. Norton from committee on towns and counties reported upon house bill 73 to create the county of Bridger without rec ommendation. Nichols gave notice of a bill to amend the act of incorporation of the town of Bozeman. Page introduced a bill to prohibit more stringently the sale of liquors on Sunday and on election day. The council bill for the relief of ex-pro bate judge Martin for moneys expended in the survey of the town of Big Timber was referred to a select committee consist ing of thc members from Gallatin county. SATURDAY, 21st: Gov. Carpenter sent back the bill re quiring county treasurers to report quar terly and the vote by which it passed the house was re-considered and the veto sus tained. The governor also vetoed thc bill relating to fences and the bill relating to the duties of county clerks and considera tion of these vetoes was postponed. Coun cil amendments to the bill relating to the Phillipsburg fire department were concur red in, also in the council amendments to the bill relating to representation on quartz lodes. Committee on grazing and stock growing presented majority and minority reports on tbe bill to provide for payment of loss of stock killed or injured by rail road fires. Consideration postponed. MONDAY, 23rd. Several bills were introduced among which was one amending the charter of the town of Bozeman, and it was referred to a select committee consisting of mem bers from Gallatin county ; also a bill to incorporate the town of Billings, referred to the the for ner ed to the had ed of tion ton of and by tee to lic to committee on towns and counties. Bills to place insurance on the territorial law library, to apply certain money to payment of Deer Lodge and Silver Bow county bonds, to organize the Montana militia were passed. Honse bill 49 to which the governor objected was amended and pass ed. Thc bill to attach the Crow reserva tion to Yellowstone county was passed. The bill to suppress contagious diseases among cattle was considered in committee of the whole, amended and its passage recommended. TUESDAY, 24tH. The bill to provide for the suppression of contagious diseases among cattle passed to its third reading. Council resolution to pay for marks and brands furnished the territory two years ago was passed with an amendment cutting off the item of in terest charged. The bill relafing to thc cost of surveying and platting townsites was reported upon favorably. WEDNESDAY, 25tH. On die bill to enable Gailatin county to issue bonds in aid of the Bozeman and West Gallatin canal the committee report ed recommending that it be indefinitely postponed and the report was adopted Committee reported favorably on the bill providing for a territorial insane asylum Norton, from committee on towns and counties, reported C. B. 58, an act to in corporate the city of Billings, with recom mendation that the hill do pass. Biddle moved that the bill be referred to the committee on towns and counties with in structions to amend by reducing the debt which the city could contract to $5,000 instead of $10,000. So ordered. The hill authorizing county commissioners to contract for medical attendance and medi cine for county poor was passed. Bill for the relief of ex-probate judge Martin was passed toits third reading; also the bill amending the charter of Bozeman. The city attorney, assessor and marshal are now elected. This system has caused some inconvenience, and the change pro vides that these officers be appointed by the city council. Bill attaching the Crow reservation to Yellowstone county was passed. The house bill relating to water rights passed its third reading. House bill to prevent the spread of contagious diseases among cattle passed by 20 ayes to 3 nays. The Washington Monument. Saturday was a cold, raw, disagreeable day in Washington and only about 800 persons wrapped in heavy clothes occupied the seats around the base of the great Washington monument to witness the formal dedication ceremonies and its pre sentation to the nation by tlie monument association. The Masonic order was thc chief factor in thc exercises and many in teresting Masonic relics that had been used by George Washington were used or exhibited on the occasion. Senator Sher man and W. W. Corcoran, president of the monument society, delivered addresses. Col. Casey, engineer of tlie construction of the monument, presented the colossal memorial to President Arthur as the rep resentative of the United States who re plied in an appropriate speech. The as sembly at the monument then broke up and a procession was formed consisting of military and civic bodies, distinguished participants in the ceremonies and the populace generally. Hon. Martin Ma ginnis represented Montana on the staff of the marshal of the day. The pageant passed through the principal streets of the city and was reviewed by President Ar thur. In the afternoon orations in com memoration of the dedication of the mon ument were delivered in the house of rep resentatives. It had been the programme for Robert C. Winthrop who delivered the oration on the occasion of laying the cor ner stone of the monument in 1848 to per form a like service on Saturday last. But physical infirmity prevented his attend ance and an oratioD prepared by him was read by representative Long of Massachu setts. Hon. John W. Daniel also deliver ed a long address. The exercises of the day concluded with fire works and parades. The history of this national monument to George Washington reaches back to the early days of the nation's history. On the 7th day of August, 1783, before the treaty concluding the revolutionary war had yet been concluded the continental congress passed a resolution "that an equestrian statue of Washington be erect ed at the place where the residence of congress shall be established." After the death of Washington when the city which bears his name had been fixed upon as the capital of the nation, congress, on thc 24th of December 1799, passed another resolu tion that a marble monument to Washing ton be erected in that city and that his body lie placed under it. This latter part of the project was long ago abandoned and even the monument idea remained in abeyance many years and was only revived by private sentiment. In 1833 a commit tee of citizens of Washington formed thc Washington Monument Society of which Chief Justice Marshall was the first presi dent. They began raising money for the work by private subscription. In 1848 congress granted authority for the society to erect tbe monument on one of the pub lic reservations of the city of Washington it on to of ly, thc ed of a to —a site which is in view of Mount Vernon where "The Father of his Country" is buried and is in front of the capitol and the White House. On the 4th of July, 1848, the corner stone of the monument was laid with Masonic ceremonies and an imposing pageant. Robert C. Winthrop of Boston, then speaker of the house of rep resentatives, being tlie orator of the occa sion. In 1854 the society had spent the $230,000 which it had collected and con giess was asked to appropriate something for the work but failed to do so until 1876. Meantime work on the monument was at a standstill. In that year $200,000 was appropriated by congress and a commis sion appointed to expend the money. The government engineer then discovered that the foundation was not sufficiently solid or broad to support the proposed structure. To remedy this excavations were made be neath and about the foundation and tliese were filled with concrete until no further doubt remained as to the stability of the structure. Since the completion of that work tlie monument has only settled one and a half inches. In 1880 woÆ on the monument was resumed and was conclud ed in December last. Congress at various times appropriated $900,000 to carry on the work so that in all it has cost consid erably over a million of money. The monument in form is an obelisk surmount ed by a pyramidal roof. Its size at the top of the artificial mound around its base is 55 feet square. From the surface of this mound to the apex of the roof it is 555 feet 4 inches in height and above the natural level of the ground it rises 572 feet. It gradually tapers from the base to the beginning of the slope of the roof where it is 34 feet 5£ inches square, which point is 500 feet in the air. The walls are 15 feet thick at thc base and 18 inches thick at the beginning of the roof. At the base are two doors opening into a chamber which runs to the top of the monument. On the walls of thiscliamber arc bolted a great number of memorial stones contributed by states, territories, foreign powers and societies. One such stone was presented by Pope Pius IX and in 1855 when the fanatical movement called Know Nothingism was rampant this memorial was stolen and destroyed. The outer surface of the monument is built of white marble and the interior of granite. In height the Washington monument ex ceeds any structure in the world. The nearest approach to it is the pyramid of Cheops, Egypt, which is 533 feet high, and next is the cathedral of Cologne the tip of whose spire is 501 above the ground. The Washington monument will at least gratify thc national Yankee ambition to possess the "biggest" tilings in the world and will doubtless long remain the great est structure of its kind. Aside from this it is a proper emblem of tlie national re gard for the memory of one whose name will live through all recorded time. No More Judges. The senate committee on the judiciary has reported adversely the Maginnis bill providing for four judges in each of the territories. This bill passed the house last year, and has been discussed in the senate committee on several occasions. Senators Edmunds and Garland were its chief opponents, and the basis of their opposition lay chiefly in the fact that these gentlemen consider three judges ample to take care of all the business in the territorial courts. The bill provides that in cases appealed, the judge sitting on the original case shall not be eligible to try the appeal on the full bench. This provision Messrs Edmunds and Garland considered a reflection upon the integrity of the judiciary, and it served to afford them additional objec tion to the bill. Little Dick. Butte Miner: He was planted yester day in the silent grave. Thc concourse which followed his remains was quite large. The coffin supplied by his friends of the gambling fraternity was elegent, and real grief was manifested when the man of God pronounced his words of con solation. No loving mother, devoted sister, or dear relative was present to drop a tear upon the cold earth which covered his remains, but mauy a heart yielded a throb of sorrow for little Dick Sims, remembering his genial, gentleman ly, generous ways. He never quarreled and never gave offense intentionally. He was known as a "square" gambler and although aware that lie could live hut a short time never complained. His jokes were sprung to the last turn out of Life's box. He bet, even with Death as dealer, and went into the presence of his Maker with a smile upon his lips, satisfied thc final dealer in thc game had double shot thc turn and piayed him out. Agent Gibson, of the Piute Indian agency, of Nevada, reports to the com missioner that Sarah Winneuiucca, wfth five other Rute Indians, after gambling with a friendly Bannock Indian, assault ed him and robbed him of all his money. The Bannock Indian was severely lieaten, and the agent asks for assistance of the department in arresting Sarah and her accomplices. Princess Sarah Winnennicca was in her younger days a handsome Indian girl and married an army officer. She was educated and has written a book or two beside a large amount of newspaper literature and has lectured. She seems to have fallen in to bad ways.