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The Livingston enterprise. (Livingston, Mont.) 1883-1914, February 28, 1885, Image 2

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WEIGHT à H E3TOBY, ______
in Livingston, M. T
Enter»*»! at t!
as secoud-da
i> postoffic
mail ma
Col. E. ('. Boudinot, a full blood Cher
okee and a very able man. is strongly
endorsed for the position of commis
sioner of Indian affairs.
_ the creation of Ravalli
a portion of Missoula
county out of
was defeated in
was opposed 1*\
selfish inter
the council. The bill
a terrible pressure of
The name of John E. Kennedy, a
Miles City merchant, is mentioned as a
candidate for the office ot territorial
treasurer. It is very doubtful if he
makes his point,
Lieut. Sehwatka says the Alaska 1' ur
Company will make 500,000 per cent on
its investment bei ore its charter expires
in 18'.to. The Alaska Fur Company is
one of the monopolies created by the
Republican party.
Mrs. Moell a Janesville, Wis., women
charged with murdering her husband
married the principal witness against
her, thus rendering him incompetent to
testify. That is one way of getting
clear of the law
The bill lor the repeal of the pre-emp
tion, timber culture and desert land
laws is by no means likely to become a
law this session. Should it pass it will
not affect valid rights accruing previous
to the passage of the bill.
The Oregon legislature adjourned sine
die last Saturday night without being
able to secure the election of a senator.
The republicans were greatly in majori
ty but could not center upon a candi
date. The governor will appoint to till
the vacanev.
The Miles City Journal is authority
for the statement that Junction City
wants annexation to Custer county.
The Yellowstone county people may yet
be forced to act the role of defenders
rather than marauders in the scramble
for new count v boundaries.
»Secretary of State Frelinghuysen
takes the ground that reciprocity treat
ies should and can be concluded profita
bly only with nations inferior to us in
trade, wealth and population and he be
lieves in the inauguration of a system
of reciprocity treaties with such na
It is said that President Grover Cleve
land is likely to marry the daughter of
Oscar Folsom, his former law partner.
The lady is quite young and is a student
in Well's college, Aurora, X. Y. She is
said to be very beautiful and ready to
become mistress of the first house in
the land.
The Bozeman and West Gallatin canal
and water works scheme to rob the
county was gently killed by the legisla
ture. The Enterprise feels sorry
Had the bill been passed and the preee
dent established we fully intended to
ask the legislature for a similar act to
enable us to build a marble office build
ing. _______________
The sundry civil bill as now before
congress contained a provision that the
secretary ot treasury might in his discre
tion suspend the coinage of silver dol
lars for one year beginning July 1st
nétft, but this provision was de
feated. it is also said that President
Cleveland has made formal declaration
of his opinion that silver dollar coinage
should be suspended.
The following cabinet roster is sent
out as being semi-authoritative: Bayard
of Delaware, secretary of state; Man
ning of Xew York, secretary of the
treasury; Lamar of Mississippi, secre
tary of the interior; Garland of Arkan
sas, attorney-general; Vilas of Wiscon
sin, postmaster-general; for the war de
partment either Endicott or Collins of
Massachusetts. The navy department
is still a matter for public speculation.
It is said to be the fixed intention of
the President-elect to give a southern
representation of three members in his
cabinet, including »Senator Bayard. The
other two representatives will come
from a circle of senators, and the choice
is understood to be restricted virtually
to Lamar of Mississippi, Garland of Ar
kansas, and Jackson of Tennessee. It
is possible that in addition to Manning
Xew York may be awarded another
cabinet office.
The clergyman of East Portland, Or
egon, refuse to marry persons who have
been divorced on other than "scriptural
grounds." Query; what are scriptural
grounds? If we remember aright the
Bible says "what God hath joined let no
man put assimiler." If God or His
scripture has anything to do with mar
riages, divorces are prohibited in any
case by that injunction. If God has
nothing to do with marriages there can
not consistently be any "scriptural
grounds" for divorce.
The situation of the war in the »Sou
dan has changed but little during the
week. Xo severe battles have been
fought but such skirmishing as has
taken place in the desert has been to the
advantage of the Arabs. Gen.Wolseley's
tactics seem to be entirely of the de
fensive order and since the fall of Khar
toum was discovered his movements
have been of retreat and his operations
mostly designed to entrench himself
against a foe of recognized superiority.
The English troops are having a severe
time in the .Soudan—harassed by an as
tute and numerous foe that belongs to
the country, suffocated by burning
winds and sandstorms and tortured
lack of water and proper food.
The Herald and Rustier of Billing
are waging hot personal war upon each
other. Both are unsparing in the use
opprobrious epithets and the Rustler
particularly free in making accusations
and using abusive language. We do not
know anything of the inside history
the unpleasantness but. of the two pa
pers, have most confidence in the Her
ald by a large and decided majority.
The tactics of the Rustler ever since
was established have been those of
guerilla, an adventurer and a bluffer. The
Herald, during its history, which is coe
val with that of Billings, has been a con
servative, consistent, honorable journal
and its record and that of its editor
should be sufficient to repel the insinua
tions of its opponent.
Before another issue of this paper ap
pears .Stephen Grover Cleveland will
have been inaugurated president of the
United States. The change is an im
portant one. Twenty-four years have
elapsed since a democratic president has
ruled the destinies of the United States.
In that time a monstrous civil war has
been fought to a conclusion, reconstruc
tion has been, in a manner, accomplish
ed and sectional issues have gradually
sunk into quasi reconciliation. During
that same time one party, almost a close
corporation,has ruled the nation; it has
so fixed its power that tremendous ef
forts to overcome it have been repeated
ly unsuccessful; once at least a clear
majority was disregarded and the mi
nority assumed the rule without open
disturbance of the national peace; last
autumn the issue was again fought and
the democrats triumphed and asserted
the superiority which they are about to
assume through their leader, Cleveland.
This result is a matter for congratula
tion to the whole nation. The corrup
tion, the disregard of pure sentiment,
the secrecy of details in administration
under republican party rule had beome
a shameful blot upon the nation's rec
ord. This policy was carried so far as
to result last summer in the nomination
for succession to the presidency of a
man who had long been the recognized
exponent of political shamelessness
The democratic party opposed to him
one whose political record was without
spot or blemish. The independence and
decency of the American people rose to
the occasion and Grover Cleveland, the
candidate of democracy and reform,
was elected. His career during the
campaign was such as commanded the
respect and admiration of friends and
enemies alike. Ilis bearing since his
election has been exactly of the same
character. By no word or deed has he
called forth unfavorable criticism; on
the contrary the confidence of even his
enemies has been espoused by his digni
fied, determined, statesmanlike and un
compromising bearing and to Cleveland
good republicans now look for the re
form of administration that they have
long .sought in vain from their own
party leaders. He has displayed the
simplicity that is so seldom found in
rulers of republics coupled with the dig
nity that should surround the incum
bent of high office; he has exhibited the
foresight and acumen of a statesman
with a proper disposition to thoroughly
acquaint himself with the unknown
details of government. He is called
"the man of destiny," "the child of for
tune," but truly an official who so care
fully selects his footsteps and who so
thoroughly justifies high expectations
may he properly called a natural ruler
rather than a fortuitous and fortunate
candidate for public honors. In the
preliminaries necessary to the selection
of a cabinet, Cleveland has exhibited an
active disposition to consult all the
prominent men of his party but at the
same time a dignified desire to keep his
own counsel so that when his selections
are published next Wednesday or Thurs
day the names will be news to the peo
ple of the United States. One thing
only seems certain; this "man of des
tiny" will surround himself with advis
ers who are in unison with his own
general ideas of the proper administra
tion of the affairs of the nation. His
cabinet may act as a balance wheel but
not as a rudder. And the people of the
United States would fain have it so.
They have confidence in Cleveland
above any member of his party. In the
new' administration w T e look for no im
mediate changes of policy or adminis
tration. Changes, radical and sweeping,
will come but so gradually that their
beneficial effect w'ill be noticed before the
magnitude of the change is recognized,
we look upon the succession of Cleve
land to the presidency as the great event
of American history in this latter half
of the nineteenth century.
At the moment that Cleveland be
comes president of the Union, Major
Martin Maginnis will cease to be dele
gate representing Montana in Congress.
He has held the position twelve years.
His ability, popularity and earlier career
have made the delegate from Montana
the most highly respected representative
of all the territories. He has accom
plished much legislation beneficial to
the territory and in retiring from its
representation we can only hope that
the opportunity may again arise after
an interval for Montana to honor him.
Ilis place is to be taken by a w'orthy
substitute. In the face of fearful odds
the true democrats of Montana elected
Joseph K. Toole—an able represent
ative of the young, active blood
of the territory who only needs a
little time to bring as much deserved
honor to this Land of Mountains as
has his predecessor. It is not proper
to expect much from the disfranchised
representative of a disfranchised con
stituency but all that can be done by a
man in his position we confidently
phrophesy will be recorded of Joseph
Kemp Toole.
The Railroad Bill.
Section one provides for the building
of a railroad but does not designate its
guage, character or equipment.
Section two provides for the submiss
ion of the railroad question to the peo
ple of the respective counties, to issue
to the railroad company $250,000 in
county bonds and to give the county
$250,000 of the capital stock of the com
pany at par value in lien of the bonds.
It does not provide the number of shares
of stock in the incorporation so that the
number of shares might be made so
great that each share would not have
an actual value of ten cents. The stock
owned by the county for which bonds
were given would be comparatively
worthless; grand larceny is written on
the face of the bill.
Section six provides that bonds shall
he payable in 30 years, hear interest at 6
per cent, payable semi annually, coupons
to be good for taxes. Bonds to be de
livered according to best interest of the
parties as work progressai not to exceed
actual cost of construction incurred at
time of delivery of bonds. The history
of the Central Pacific company shows
that the projectors of this bill might or
ganize themselves into a contract and
finance company and let to themselves
the contract to construct the road and
pay five or more times the actual cost of
construction and draw' all the bonds
from the county before much progress
had been made in the construction of
the road. This section leaves the door
open for a fraud. Would the Bozeman
members of the scheme take advantage
of it ?
After much wording in the bill which
means simply nothing and provides
nothing definite, sectionjlO comes in and
discloses the whole scheme: that each
county which issues bonds can never
get any part of the money back; it is
gift to the projectors of the scheme.
This section provides that the county
commissioners shall levy and cause
to be collected from all the proper
ty (except this pet railroad) of
the county sufficient money to pay
the bonds. It does not even provide
that the railroad will pay its proportion
of assessed valuation. That is, it wants
the gift to come free from all such in
cumbrances as taxation. The people
furnish the money to build the road,
present it to these incorporators and
exempt the gift from taxation for 20
years or until the bonds are all paid.
If the counties do anything in the
matter they should not furnish more
than 50 per cent, of the cost of con
struction, and should take first mort
gage bonds on all property of the R. R.
Co. to secure a repayment. The people
of the Yellowstone, if by unlucky
chance they are forced to remain in Gal
latin county, would do well to take no
tice that there is nothing in the bill to
prohibit the railroad company from
building their road to Bozeman or some
other point in the Gallatin valley, col
lecting all but a very small proportion
of the county bonds and refusing to
build any farther, thus depriving the
Yellowstone valley of any share in the
benefits of the road w T hich they will
have bonded themselves to build.
The Question as it is Discussed and the
Prospects for its Decision.
Col. D. II
Budlong was in town this
week and, knowing that he had just re
turned from watching the progress of
legislation at Helena, a representative of
the Enterprise waited upon him and
made the following inquiry:
What is the present status of the
project to divide Gallatin county and
create the county of Bridger?"
A bill to that end has passed its first
and second reading in the low'er hoase
of the legislature, has been examined
by the committee on towns and counties
of that house, and, contrary to general
expectation, has been reported back by
that committee without recommenda
tion. It was generally believed and
conceded, even by friends of the bill,
that the committee would report against
it; therefore the nature of the report
may be fairly looked upon as a victory.
I think the discussion of the bill in the
council chamber before the house corn
mittee on towns and counties, in the
presence of a large number of the mem
bers of both branches of the legislature,
satisfied all who heard it that there w r as
superior merit in our bill above all
county division bills presented this year.
While I really believe and it was gener
ally thought that a majority of the
house committee was in sentiment op
posed to the division of Gallatin county
I believe that their sense of justice did
not permit them to report against it in
the face of the arguments presented. 1
"What is the general sentiment in
Helena regarding the Bridger county
"The feeling among legislators, lob
byists and the general public is that this
bill posesses more merit than any other
county division project presented this
year. In fact it is generally conceded
that the Bridger county bill has justice
and equity upon its side aniLis in unison
with public and constitutional polity."
"Upon what arguments do you chiefly
rely to carry convincing weight
in discussing the merits of the project."
"That Gallatin county is naturally di
vided on the proposed line of division;
that the people of the proposed new
county desire division; that they will
have $2,000,000 worth of assessable
property—amply sufficient to support
an economical county government; that
they will leave the other part of the
county with nearly four and a half
millions of property and with no bur
dens to bear; that the present county
seat is inconveniently located with refer
ence to that part of the county sought
to be segregated; that no county in Mon
tana except Silver Bow has ever entered
upon organized existence with so large
a property valuation and none except
Lewis and Clarke with so large a popu
lation as will Bridger county if created;
that the past prosperity and natural
promise of the proposed new county in
sure its progress and future wealth."
"What are the grounds of opposition
to the bill."
"In the discussion before the house
committee the opponents of the meas
ure attacked the petition for division.
They claimed that a majority of the pe
titioners were not bona fide residents of
the county; that they were representa
tives of the Xorthern Pacific railway
company in whose interest, as they al
lege, the bill is being engineered; that
the petitioners represent but an insig
nificant amount of property; that the
bill has no support outside of Living
ston; that the petitioners do not repre
sent more than $150,(XX) to $200,000 on
the assessment list of 1884; that the
stockgrowers and ranchmen of the
county are against it; they contradicted
the sworn returns of our county officers
as embodied in the territorial auditor's
report and the sworn statements of our
county commissioners and other officers,
and they misrepresent the strength of
the opposition to county division as to
numbers and property representation.
"How do the support and opposition
to the Bridger county bill compare as to
strength and character ?"
"Nine hundred petitioners, all resi
dents of the proposed new county, have
presented their names in favor of the
measure. Of these names 278, or nearly
one-third of the whole, appear upon the
property assessment - lists of 1884 and
they represent $441,920 and the amount
for which each is assessed stands oppo
site his name on the petition. This does
not include a single instanee of change
or increase of property represented by
persons assessed whose names are on
the petitions where those changes have
taken place after last year's assessment,
neither does it include property that is
owned and has been improved by non
residents whose names cannot appear on
the petitions."
"Have the opponents of the bill con
ducted their campaign fairly ?"
"They have resorted wholly to mis
representation and unfair discussion.
As an instance I would cite their policy
with the petition for county division
presented to the house committee on
towns and counties. After public dis
cussion before the committee they took
the petition and set opposite each name
what purported to be the amount each
person represented on the assessment
list. In doing this they omitted the
names of many of the heaviest tax-pay
ers in Livingston and those of a large
number of ranchmen and stockgrowers
of the surrounding country who were
well known to favor county division;
and where names represented thousands
of dollars on the list they often dropped
the thousands leaving only the hund
reds. Thus they made the actual foot
ing as shown on the petition only one
half of what a correct statement evi
dences. This method of computation
was necessary to sustain their incorrect
statements before the committee. They
attempted to make one error in their fa
vor balance another. They have the
names of some of our petitioners upon
their remonstrances who never signed
those remonstrances nor authorized
their names to be signed and the proof
thereof is forthcoming."
What are the extent and character
of the remonstrancis."
There are eight such documents
purporting to be signed by 296 persons,
representing $307,750 in assessable prop
erty. Of that sum five of the remon
strators represent $184,150 and the re
maining 291 names represent $122,720,
The remonstrance from Gardiner is
signed by 13 residents of Wyoming and
taking out the names of J. C. Yilas and
George O. Eaton represents $6,010 of
property. Two remonstrances purport
ing to come from east of the Belt range
and to be signed by persons who hav
been residents and tax-payers of Galla
tin county since it was organized ag.
gregate 35 names of whom one repre
sents $100 and another $1,800 in assess
able property, and those are the only
two names found on the asssessment
list and the only two known to me or
to any resident of Livingston with
whom I have talked, though the whole
35 claim Livingston as their postoffice
address. Thirty-eight of the 39 remon
strators from Cooke represent $7,230 of
assessable property; the other is Major
Eaton who represents $13,500 in that
camp. In under estimating the valu
tion of this side of the county, Major
Eaton, the chief exponent of anti-divi
sion, deducted the assessed property of
Kelson Story and others who reside on
the west side of the range but whose
property is.in the proposed new county,
also the assessment of $216,000 against
the Northern Pacific railroad upon all
of which taxes have been paid. This
mis-statement was necessary to sus
tain the er rous report given by him
to the correspondent of the Butte Inter
Mountain in which he traversed the re
port of the territorial auditor compiled
from the sworn statements of the
county officers. Every exponent of
anti-division whom I met in Helena
resorted to the same tactics of trickery
and misrepresentation."
Whât is your opinion as to the pass
age of the Bridger county bill?"
"All the facts and figures given to
the legislature as to the condition of
the proposed new county and that in
which Gallatin county would be left
justifies me in saying that I believe the
bill will become a law. It is generally
admitted that it will pass the lower
house of the legislature. The council
haying passed the Fergus county bill,
which has less merit than ours, by
unanimous vote will never be able to
saisfactorily explain its action if it de
feats the Bridger county bill. I believe
the members of the Montana legislature
to be eminently fair and candid men
and I am of opinion that after fully in
vestigating our bill they will approve
it by their votes and send it to the gov
ernor for his signiture."

Notes From New Orleans.
[Special Correspondence.]
New Orleans, Feb. 18, 1885.—The
Exposition is now at its height. Since
the rainy weather subsided people from
all parts of the country have been arriv
ing in large numbers. The money re
ceipts of the management have greatly
increased and if the liberal patronage
continues no doubt the financial em
barrassment will|be soon over. Every
thing is now completed and no one can
complain of lack of scenes to entertain,
please and instruct. It would require
volumes to tell you what is here for the
inspection of your readers. There are
millions of dollars worth of machinery
alone in the main building, not to men
tion the thousands of representations of
fine arts and other goods in place. The
octagonal Mexican building itself, which
cost that government $175,(XX>, will con
tain millions of dollars worth of gold,
silver and other metals and minerals
and precious stones. The Mexican bar
racks are of much interest and attract
great attention. In the government
and state building is one of the grandest
displays the world has ever seen and of
itself is worth a visit from the far west,
w hile in the gallery encircling 16 acres,
are the educational and woman's w ork
displays and the exhibit of the progress
of the colored race. The stock exhibits
are closed; most of the fine horses and
cattle have been sent home, but the
poultry show' is still a great feature,
Horticultural hall with thousands of
plates of fruits and tropical plants is
also attractive. The art gallery is not
open yet but will soon be completed
w'ith its thousands of rare paintings
from ancient and modern masters.
New Mexico has a very attractive ex
hibit in the north portion of the gov
ernment building covering 6,250 square
feet of space. In agriculture the dis
play is small but very select. The dis
play of native grasses is complete and
varied, and from the display of native
woods it may be supposed the territory
does not lack fuel and lumber. Speci
mens of ores from 1,100 mines are
shown and nicely arranged. A minia
ture Santa Fe cave, Indian curiosities
and relics, numerous fossils and petri
factions make up a pleasant place to
spend an hour or tw'o. Next to New
Orleans is the Centennial state, Colora
do, which has a fine display of the pro
ducts of the soil by irrigation, with a
model farm showing the process of irri
gating land; also a large collection of
gold, silver, iron and copper ores—the
products of the mines; a profusion of
fruits and plants; native w'oods in the
crude and manufactured state; a miners'
cabin built of silver ores; a model mine
with miners at w T ork with pick and drill
all operated by an unseen mechanism; a
view of mountains, lakes and canyons,
giving a practical illustration of Rocky
mountain scenery; a case of free gold
ores and nuggets valued at $10,(XX);
statistics showing the value of the
yearly output of gold and silver bullion
from the various mines and an invita
tion extended to all settlers. One can
not visit the fair without being pleased
with this exhibit.
Mardis Gras day has come and gone
in New Orleans. It has been a grand
carnival this year. Fully 500,000 stran
gers vie weil the procession and it has
added largely to the success of the Ex
position. E. O. C.
The Park Bill.
The latest news regarding the bill to
segregate the northeastern corner of the
National Park is that a conference com
mittee from the house and senate called
to consider the amendments which passed
the house (spoken of last week) had fin
ished its labors. The report will probably
favor the amendments and the bill will
probably become a law before congress
adjourns at noon on Wednesday next.
Fell. 27,28 aid Mardi 2.
First appearance of the world-renowned Magi
cian and Humorist
who will appear in his enchanted palace of
lOO Costly Presents
will be given away nightly.
Complete Change of Programme Nightly.
J. SIMMONS, Agent.
General admission with one envelope 35 cents.
Reserved seat, with two envelopes, 50 cents.
Children, with one envelope, 25 cents. Tickets
for sale at the Postoffice Drug Store.
City of Bozeman, County of Gallatin, Terri
tory of Montana, July 23d, 1884. To L. B. Kauff
man, E. J. Conger and William Langford, co
owners with the undersigned and others of the
Paymaster Quartz Lode Mining claim :
Y ou are hereby notified that the undersigned,
two of the co-owners of said Quartz Lode min
ing claim,expended the full sum of one hundred
(160) dollars, between the first day of January
1883 and the first day of January 1884, in labor
and improvements upon the said Paymaster
Quartz Lode mining claim, situated in the so
called Boulder mining district (unorganized)
in the County *f Gallatin. Terrtory of Mon.
tana, as will appear by proof filed in the ollice
of the Recorder of said county on the 233 day
of July, 1884, said expenditure in labor andira
provements having been made by the under
'gneil upon said mining claim in compliance
Ttbthe requirements (»section 2324 of the Re
vised Statutes of the United States aud for the
purpose of holding and in order to hold said
minmgclaim and premises under the provisions
of Chapter six. Title thirty-two of the Revised
Statute« of the United states.
If, therefore, you fall or refuse within ninety
days from the service of this notice or within
ninety days after the due publication or this no
tice to contribute your proportion of such ex
penditure as co-owners of said mining claim
your interest therein will become the property
of the subscribers under said section 2324.
Albxrt Schmidt,
John S. Jonhs.
„ ___ By L. A. Luck, his agent.
Dated July 23d, 1884.
Game in Season.
Extra Select, - 70cts per can.
Select, Plain, - 60cts per can.
Platt & Co.'s Standard, 55cts per can.
Special figures for Oysters in bulk.
Fall and Winter Opening !
Ot a full and complete line of
Gloves and Mittens,
Neckties, Silk Handkerchiefs, Jew
elery, Meerschaum and Wood
en Pipes, and all kinds
of Smoker's Articles.
Bar Fixtures!
And Jobbers only in
Wines, Liquors and Cigars.
PH. Best Brewing Co. Milwaukee Beer.
Agents for Calm & Bergmna, Mer
chant Tailors, and Wilson Bro.,
Shirtmakers, Chicago.
I. Orschel & Bro.,
Miles City and Livingst M. T.
We keep constantly on hand a first class article ol
And Vegetables ot all Kinds.
thos. p. McDonald
- O'aÆE-AJR-ô^
To all those
who intend to purchase a fall or winter suit to call at his
shop see samples and get prices before ordering elsewhere.
A ou cannot get a better make east or west.
|aP"Shop en "B" Street, âhi

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