Newspaper Page Text
-C. aJL iuingsloii r VOL. 2. NO. 37. LIVINGSTON, MONTANA, SATURDAY, MARCH 7,1885. PRICE 10 CENTS PïinjiSton (fntcvprisf, LIVINGSTON, WEIGHT & HENDEY, MONTANA. Publishers. SATURDAY. MARCH 7, 1885. Hl'BfCniPTIoN HATE»—PAYABLE IN AJ>\ANCE. Û'I V) One year ..................................... o Six tnonthB ................................. 7 Threo months ................................ 1 TJ. Single copies................................ Miss Jennie A. Henderson le authorized to re ceive and receipt forsub'icnptionetothc »\ eeki.y Éntekpbisk at Mammoth lint Springs. advertisin'« bates. KPACE. On»* Inch .. $ 1 50 3 75 5 75 7 50 10 50 15 Two inch.. 2 75 ti (N) it 00 12 no 10 so 24. 3 75 H no 11 no 16 IN) 22 50 33 Fsur Inch . j ! 4 50 10 50 15 IN) lit IN) 2H no 42. f. IN) 13 50 1!) INI 24 IN) 30 01) 60. llalf Col... » 50 23 INI 55 INI 45 INI 0!) 00 10H, One Col. ...1 . 15 00 : 30 00 50 IN) 72 IN) HIM (N)j ISO. lena. District— H. N. Blake, -3d District—W. V. I'emhor TERRITORIAL OFFICERS. Governor—B. I'latt Carpenter, Helena. Secretary—John S. Tooker, Helena. Delegate to Congress— Martin Magmnis, Helena. Audijor—I. 1'. Woolman, Helena. Treasurer—D. H. Weston. Helena. Superintendent of Public Instruction-Corne lliiM llediiea, Helena. Attornev-Oeneral — J- A. Johnston, II District' Attorney—1st Virginia City. District Attorn *'District Attorney—3d District.—J. A. Johnston, 11 Chief Justice—D 8. Wade, Helena. Associate Justice-W. J. Galbraith, Deer Lodge, John Coburn, Bozeman. C S District Attorney—J. M. DeW itt, Butte. V. 8. Marshal—Alex. C. Botkin, Helena Surveyor-General—John 8. Harris, Helena. Clerk 1st District Court— Theo. MulBy, \ îrginia 4 nêrk 2d District Court— R. L. Davis, Deer L clerk 3d District Court-A. H. Beattie, Helena of Internal Revenue— T. 1. fuller, Cummin;; Ben Collector Helena. „ . Collector of Customs—T. A to ?f S Assaver— H- B. Harrison, Helena. Register of U. 8. Land Office, at Helena— F ran is Adkinsou. GALLATIN COUNTY. Sheriff—A. J. Edsall, Bozeman. Treasurer—Ed. K. Ferris, Bozeman. Probate Judge—C. 8. Hartman, Bozeman. Countv Clerk and Kecorder—James Gourlev. Assessor— T. P. McDonald, Livingston County Superintendent of schools-Miss Alicia M. Hamilton, Bczenian. . «..oroner— K. D. Alton, M. D...Livingston. County Commissioners—8. L. Hollida.v, Liv ingston; iY. II. Tracy, West Gallatin ;-Mon forton, East Gallatin. J. P., Livingston Precinct—R K Constablee-John Winnett, J. Cornwell W.' Hanson, M. JJOBERT P. GREEN, U. S. Deputy Mineral Surveyor, Civil Engineer and Draughtsman. Office—Main Street, Bozeman, M. T. J E. HENDRY, * Ujutbd States Court Commissioner, Livingston, Montana. JOHN A. RAVAGE, s Notary Public. A VAGE & ELDER, JOHN 11 ELDER, N. P. Land Agent. Attorneys at Law and Real Estate Aoenth Practice in all the Courts of the Territory. Main street. Livingston, M. T. D. J^OBERT D. ALTON, M. Surgeon Northern Pacific R. K. Co. G KORGE HALDORN, ATTORNEY AT LAW. LIVINGSTON, MONTAN B. PERRY, PIIYSICAN AND SURGEON. LIVINGSTON, - MONTANA. Leave orders at P. O. drug store. Bank of Livingston STEBBINS, MUND & CO., Livingston, Montants Transacts a GENERAL BANKING BUSINESS. Exchange on all the principal cities of the United States and Europe. Interest Allowed on TIME DEPOSITS. Collections made a specialty, ence solicited. ASSOCIATED BANKS. Corres pond* Btebbins, Mund A Co., Miles City. Stcbhins, Mund & Co., Billinga. Stebbine, Conrad & Co., Buffalo, Wyo'g Merchants National Bank, Deadwood, D. T. Stebbine, Mund & Fox, Central, D. T. Stebbine, Fox & Co , Spearfisb, D. T. A. L. LOVE Cashier. SECOND HAND Printing Office, Nearly New, FOR SALE CHEAP The material consists of one Washing ton Hand Press, one Pearl Job Press, with Type, Stones, Etc., in quantity to suit purchaser. Address, WRIGHT 4 HENDRY, LIVINGSTON, M. T, NEWS OF THE WEEK. The river and harbor appropriation bill passed this year amounted to $10,000,000 There is a strong probability that Eng land will accept Canadian offers of troops for the Soudan war. Wilson and Wilfly president and cashier of the insolvent Savings bank at Tacoma are under arrest for embezzlement. The Bell vs. Gray telephone patent cases have been decided in favor of Bell as having been the prior inventor. The Blackfeet Indians in the Britisl northwest are said to be raiding Upon cattle in the vicinity of their reservation. J. C. II. Johnston county treasurer of Clay county, Minnesota, is under arrest for embezzling $2,800 which lie confesses Kassala, in the Soudan, is being closely invested by the Arabs and its Egyptian garrison is likely to be forced to surren der. The Fenian organization is said to be about to raise a regiment to send to the assistance of EI Mahdi in his tight against England. A Protestant church in Glenfinen, a re mote mountain district near Stranolar, Donegal county, Ireland, was destroyed by dynamite. Richard Short, who stabbed Phelan in O'Donovan Rossa 's office, and Mrs. Dud ley, who shot Rossa, are each in jail in default of $5,000 bail. Before retiring from office President Arthur appointed liis brother-in-law H. W. Ilayncsworth to a fat office—captain and quartermaster in the army. James Keene the multi-millionaire of a few years ago and the bankrupt of last year is again on his feet with his debts paid and a fortune in prospect. The dynamiters who have their head quarters in Paris threaten early operations in England, which will throw all previous events of the kind into the shade. The sculling match at Sidney, Australia, between Bcacli and Clifford for the cham pionship of the world was won by the former. Beach defeated Hanlan last year. Medical Director P. S. Wales of the army is to be court martialed for neglect of duty in allowing fraudulent vouchers to pass through liis bureau when he was surgeon-general. It is decided that the marriage of the Princess Beatrice to Prince Henry of Bat tenberg shall take place in Whippingham church, Isle of Wight, in July, while the Queen is at Osborne. A terrific explosion occurred on the 3rd in the Usworth colliery, at Sunderland, England. The explosion was caused by fire damp. Thirty-six dead bodies have been recovered. Search still continues. Leading men of California want Gen. Grant and his family to remove to that ate for his residence. They will present him with a vineyard and fruit farm if he will come, and pay all the expenses of the removal. The secretary of the interior revoked a circular of October 23d last, issued by the commissioner of the laud office, refusing to allow the amendments of preemption filings and homestead and timber eultnre applications. Brigadier-General W. B. Hazen, chief signal officer of the army, is to be court martialed on the charge of conduct pre judicial to good order and discipline in having criticised the the secretary of war by saying that he was responsible for the loss of so many members of the Grecly Arctic expedition. Gen. Hazen lias also been suspenped from duty and ardered to consider himself under arrest. Negotiations between Russia and Eng land respecting Russia and the Afghan frontiers is said to have reached a very delicate stage. LcLessar, Russian com missioner, has urged such sweeping de mands that England cannot except any thing approaching them, and a complete collapse of the delimitation project and early advance of the Russian troops to ward Herat is expected. The Roll of Honor. On the motion to adopt the report of the committee of the whole house that consideration of the Bridger county bill be indefinitely postponed the following was the vote : Ayes— Biddle, Fisk, Hatch, Holt, Kohrs, Nichols, Norton, Page, Perkins, Potts, Robinson, Seligman, Wells—13. Noes—Baldwin, Eastman, Forbis, Jur gens, Sloan, Speer, Taylor, Tingle, Calla way—9. Sale of the Homestake. As we go to press we learn that negotia tions have been concluded for the transfer of the Homestake mine at Cooke to Butte parties, believed to represeut the Anacon da company. The transfer is made under bond of $100,000 for six mouths, with the condition that possession of the mine is not taken nor work is not begun until one third of that sum has been paid. This arrangement amounts to a sale. The for tunate owners of the Homestake are George Huston, First National Bank, George Smith, Sam Matthews and Sam Jackson. The Inangnration. It was estimated that 100,000 visitors were in Washington on the 4th inst. to witness the inauguration of Grover Cleve land to the office of president of the United States. The procession was be lieved to number 150,000. It was the greatest pageant ever seen in the United States. It was composed of regular troops, clubs, societies and bands from all over the country as well as private citizens. Wash ington was decorated in the gayest style The retiring and the incoming presidents occupied the same carriage in the procès sion to the platform, where Cleveland de livered his inaugural address, speaking without manuscript. His address was long, but did not outline auything more than a general policy of administration He favored economical administration, the Monroe doctrine iu foreign affairs, re vision of revenue to reduce taxation, pro tection of the public domain from pur loining schemers and unlawful occupation, fair and honest treat meut of the Indian, suppresssion of Mormon polygamy, prohibition of pauper immigration, enforcement of civil service reform in good faith, and a general reform of administration. At the conclusion of his address Cleveland then took the oath of office and was president of the United States. In the evening a collossal ball was held in the new pension office building. The ball, 316 feet long and 116 feet wide, was illuminated by 60 gas burners of 500 candle power each. It was believed that 15,000 people were there during the evening. President Cleveland and party were of the number. So ended the greatest day in the social history of Washington, and one of the greatest in the nation's history. Grant Fixed for Life. Washington telegram 4th : President Arthur sent the following communication to the senate to-day : I nominate U. S. Grant for General commanding the armies of the United States to be General on the retired list of the army, with full pay of such rank." The president pro tern, of the Senate then announced that the nomination would be considered in open session. The question is, will the Senate advise and consent to this appointment? All Senators in favor will say 'aye.' A storm of 'ayes.' All opposed 'no.' (Dead silence.) "The 'ayes' have it,unanimously." Tins announcement was received with thunders of applause. Tlie Effect of Anti-Silver Legislation. S. T. Hauser of Helena tells the New York Tribune : If silver coinage stops the whole western country will be ruined. It will not be the silver mining interests done that will suffer, but all mining in terests. Silver is mixed with copper and enables us to furnish copper at the present low price without loss, but if silver were depreciated we couldn't do that. So it is with lead. It would also affect the gold production of the country and reduce it fully one-third. There is at least $10,000, 000 cf gold that is taken out with the sli er annually. Four-fifths of all the silver mines would be obliged to stop work, and not less than $100,000,000 of business be destroyed. There is no chance that any thing will be done about it in congress, but the discussion lias knocked silver down to $1.06 per ounce from $1.10 It will go below a dollar if the coinage should be stopped. Too Frolicsome. Last Thursday the west bound passen ger train was surrounded at Mingusville by a gang of drunken cowboys who began their favorite pastime of shooting off their revolvers. The mail and express cars were closed and fastened in expectation of an onslaught. The "boys" boarded the traiu and getting conductor Joe Clark up on the platform made him dance to the music of popping bullets. They held the train about fifteen minutes and then let it pass. When the news was brought to Glendivc a posse of officers was dispatched to the scene of the fun and three of the gang were arrested when they were charged with assault with a deadly weap on and with detaining the United States Mail. The Helena Jail Birds. Six prisoners istcad of five escaped last week from the Helena jail, the sixth be ing a man named Stringfield. Four have been recaptured. Ashton and Clarke were run down at a place called Avon, west of Garrison, on the railroad. They attempted to avoid being taken, and be cause Asbton would not surrender, but persisted in running, Sheriff Churchill fired a shot which took effect in his back, causing a wound of which he died. A reward of $1,000 was offered for the capture of Edmundson, who is one of the Con Murphy gang, and under sentence for fourteen years. Officers got upon his trail and he and Dwyer, another of the escaped prisoners, were found and re captured in the mountains near Helena. Both were safely lodged in jail. Mc Cormick and Stringfield at last accounts were still at large. It is claimed that gross carelessness on the part of the offi cers and guards wes the cause of this es cape and heavy expense to the territory. Death of Mrs Walker. Mrs. Elizabeth Blaine Walker only sister of James G. Blaine and wife of Major R C. Walker of the Helena Herald, died at Baltimore Md., on Tuesday. She had long been an invalid and her death was not unexpected. She leaves beside her husband two daughters Mrs. D. W. Fisk of Helena and Mrs. O. J. Salisbury of Salt Lake who were at her bedside when her death occurred. The National Park. Washington telegram : Forty thousand dollars is appropriated by the sundry civil bill for the care of the Yellowstone Park This covers every expense for its protec tion and improvement, including the pay of the superintendent and his assistants, his salary being fixed at $2,000 and the others at $900. Any sum remaining after these sums are met is to be applied to the construction and improvement of suitable roads and bridges in the park under di rection of an engineer officer. The bill contains an appropriation of $8,400 to complete the survey of the boundary line between Dakota and Montana. (It may also be remembered that several thousand dollars of last year's Park appropriation semains unexpended.) General Grant. It is said by high medical authority as also the statement of his family that Gen. Grant is not likely to live more than a month. He is suffering from cancer of the tongue which is so inflamed and swol len that it is painful for him to speak or even to take the liquid nourishment which is his only food. He is a terrible sufferer from neuralgia aud has had most ot his teeth drawn to lessen the torture. He has never recovered from the injury to his hip received by the fall a year ago. In fact his whole physical system is fast giving away. Though suffering terribly he com plains but little and continues to work un remittingly upon his military autobiog raphy. Legislation During the Past Week. The bill to substitute Bancroft's series of readers in schools for those now in use was passed. There has been as much lob bying over this bill as if it had been a county division project. The bill to repay ex-probate judge Martin, of this county, money expended for the survey of the tow usité of Dornix, became a law. The bill to annex the Crow reservation to Yellowstone connty as fast as it be comes public domain was passed. The Valley county bill went down among other good measures that this fa mous legislature has slaughtered. The bill to suppress and punish prize fighting in the territory went through the last stage of legislation and became a law. The bill to enable the building of a ailroad by aid of the counties of Gallatin and Silver Bow was introduced by Forbis. The house indefinitely postponed the Council resolution to regulate Northern Pacific land deeds and contracts. The bill to extend the jurisdiction of justices of the peace in criminal mat ters was lost. The bill to enable Yellowstone county to build a court house was passed. A bill was introduced to enable Lewis iud Clarke, and Chotcau counties to sub sidize a railroad from Helena to Benton. A joiut resolution was introduced by Norton, the statesman from the rural sub urbs of Billings townsite, to provide for the organization of the state of Montana and the election of two United States senators. The bill providing bard labor in addi tion to imprisonment for those convicted of felony became a law. The bill to enable Billings to become an incorporated city passed. On Wednesday the council, being dem ocratic, adjourned to give the members an opportunity to spend the day in cele brating Cleveland's inauguration. A good part of the time of both branch es was taken up with considering and affirming the various bills introduced in the interest of stockgrowers. A bill was passed through the lower house providing for making treasurers, sheriffs, clerks, assessors, probate judges and clerks of district courts in every county payable by salaries fixed by the bill. The provision for Gallatin county is : treasurer $2,500, sheriff $2,500, clerk and recorder $2,500, assessor $1,800, clerk district court $1,200, probate judge $1800. In other counties there are slight variations according to the amount of business be lieved to devolve upon the officers. The bill also fixes the time when it shall take effect iu each county. In Gallatin county it is to take effect June 1st. The fees which now go to the officers are to be into the county treasury. Undersheriffs are to receive $1,500 lier year, deputies $1,200 and clerks (when any are allowed by law) $100 per month. It is probable that the bill will be materially amended when it comes to the council and may not get through at all before the legislature adjourns. Robinson's bill regarding water rights and that establishing the office of county attorney have passed the lower house. The bill to partition the county of Jef ferson among Silver Bow, Lewis and Clarke, Meagher and Jefferson counties is er he of in as of or has been presented but will not pass. The bill to create the couuty of Fergus may pass but does not take effect until the autumn of 1886. Cleveland's Cabinet. Washington telegram, 5th: President Cleveland sent to the senate the following nominations : Secretary of State—Thomas F Bayard, of Delaware. Secretary of the Treasury—Darnel Man ning, of New York. Secretary of War—William E. Endicott, of Massachusetts. Secretary of the Navy—William C. Whitney of New York. Secretary of the Interior— L. Q. C. La mar, of Mississippi. Postmaster General—William F. Vilas, of Wisconsin. Attorney General—A. H. Garland, of Arkansas. When the cabinet nominations were taken up in executive session, Riddleber ger objected to the immediate consider ation of the nomination of Bayard. He stated briefly that lie did so because of Bayard's attitude on the Irish question. Riddleberger thought him more English than American. Bayard's name being first on the list its consideration went over under the rules of the Senate for a day. Thomas F. Bayard, secretary of state, is a native of, and has always lived at Wil mington, Delaware. He is about 55 years of age and is an able lawyer. He comes of a line of congressmen and is connected with the leading families of the cast. He succeeded his father in the United States senate in 1869 and has been there ever since. Socially he is aristocratic in his tendencies and has very pronounced ideas on all questions that engage his thoughts. Daniel Manning, secretary of the treas ury, entered the office of the Albany (N. Y.) Argus when nine years old as an office boy. He is now controller and editor of the paper beside being a banker anil a man of considerable wealth. He has nev er held any office except in party mechan ism. From his position as chairman of the democratic committee in New York he managed the campaign in that state last year. He is very highly regarded by his party friends and liis choice to the treasury department will give entire satis faction. L. Q. C. Lamar, senator from Mississip pi, is secretary of the interior. He is one of the ablest and most prominent public men in the south. He is now 61 years of age has been in public life since youth and is connected with leading families throughout the south. He is not a typical southern fire-eater but a studious, quiet man who is fond of a literary life though acquainted with every detail of public affairs. Augustus H. Garland, senator from Arkansas, is the attorney-general. No lawyer in congress ranks higher than Garland and, regardless of politics, he lias ever commanded the respect of his fellows in public life. The South plead for Gar land's selection to the office from the first. Judge W. E. Endicott, of Salem, Mass., as secretary of war, represents New England, and is a descendant of one cf the early governors and revolutionary heroes of the Bay state. Col. W. F. Vilas, of Madison, Wis., was chairman of the convention that nominated Cleveland, and liis eloquence then and during the campaign called attention to him and caused his public selection as a representative of the northwest in Cleveland's cabinet. He is postmaster general. He is the leading lawyer of Wisconsin's capital, a man of ability and polish and a representative man of the northwest. William C. Whitney of New York, is secretary of the navy. He is a corpora tion lawyer and is connected by marriage with the Ohio Paynes of the Standard Oil Company. He is very wealthy and is a social leader in the Empire city. Bills Enacted Into Laws. During the two sessions of the 48th congress there were introduced in the house 8,286 bills and 345 joint resolutions. The following named measures of general importance have been enacted into laws: A bill to establish a bureau of labor. A bill to establish a bureau of animal industry. To prevent the importation of pluro pneumonia and other contagious diseases among domestic animals. To repeal the test oath act of 1862. To limit to three years the time in which prosecutions may be begun against persons for violation of internal revenue laws. To establish a bureau of navigation in the treasury departmenr. To grant letter carriers at free-delivery offices fifteen days leave of absence with pay in each year. To provide a retired list for soldiers and mariners who have served continuously for thirty years and upward. To reduce the rate of postage on news papers and other periodicals of second class when sent by others tli an publishers or newsdealers to one cent for each four ounces. To remove certain burdens from the American merchant marine (the Dingley shipping bill.) To provide a civil government for Alaska. To prevent and punish counterfeiting in the United States on bonds or other secu rities of foreign governments. To extend the duration of the court commissioners of the Alabama claims. To make all public roads and highways post roads. To make it a felony for any person to falsely personate an officer or employe of the United States acting under authority of the United States. To provide for the location of a branch home for disabled volunteer soldiers of the Mexican war and the war of 1812 whose disabilities were not incurred in the ser vice against the United States. To reorganize the corps of Judge Ad vocatc of the Army. To declare forfeited certain lands grant ed to aid in the construction of railroad and telegraph lines from Portland to As tori a, Oregon. To reorganize the Inspector General's department of the army. To provide for the ascertainment of rights of American citizens for spoilations committed by the French prior to July 31, 1801, by referring them to the court of claims. A bill to prohibit the importation and immigration of foreigners and aliens under contract or agreement to perform labor in this country. To declare forfeited the lands granted to aid in the construction of the Texas Pacific railroad, and to prevent the unlaw ful occupation of the public lands. The Alderson Baity. When Mr. M. W. Alderson, business manager of the Bozeman Courier, was in attendance at the territorial Press Association in Helena he saw fit to adopt an infant boy and brought the baby home with him. Some journalistic joker seized the opportunity to use his name and prestige to palm off upon the Helena Herald a romantic story of our friend Matt, having been imposed upon in the old way by a "prepossessing fe male" and all that. Mr. Alderson wrote the Herald explaining the occurrence and the communication was published over the name of W. AY. Alderson, fath er of the accused. That gentlemen had to vindicate his character as a grand father by denying the infantine im peachment. So things were mixed. Meanwhile the original story went the rounds of the territorial press and slop ped over into Utah, Idaho and Dakota and is now galivanting through papers of the effete east as well as those of the enterprising west. Moral: the wings of a lie are infinitely wider than those of a fact. Montana's Millions. New Orleans Times-Democrat: Geo graphically Montana is located in the far Northwest, and as it thus stands, in reality, a monument of agricultural and mineral wealth, it is faithfully repro duced in miniature at the exhibit in the Government Building at the Exposition. There, displayed with ail the honesty of worth, commanding inspection as well as tangibly and convincingly evidencing its products, Montana stands squarely on her merits as the inviting home of the miner, stock-raiser, farmer, and the great country wherein ial tor is rewarded with the choicest gifts of nature. The Montana exhibit is exhaustive, telling plainer than words the story of heç min ing regions, her prosperity and her en terprise. In this showing the master hands of Commissioners John S. Harris and Win. A. Clark are everywhere seen, revealing that these gentleman have spared nothing which could possibly tender toward the fitting representation of the territory they so creditably rep resent. Meeting Commissioner Clark yesterday the " Times-Democrat repre sentative was conducted throughout the space, and during the casual inspec tion of the treasures therein contained, managed to glean and garner a store of authentic and valuable information deemed worthy of disseminating to the furthest corner of the world. To begin with the mineral wealth of Montana and its gold, silver and copper products, a specimen of copper ore coming from the Anaconda mine at Butte was first noted. This specimen, taken out at a depth of 800 feet, will yield fully 70 per cent of copper, the highest grade. Be side this valuable example others are shown varying in grade to the lowest of 14 per cent. These mines are operat ed by a company having the largest re duction works in the world, a million and a half having been expended last year in improvements alone. Turning to an adjoining stand a series of boxes containing ores from ('lark's Collusa mine were next seen, illustrating the consecutive processes of the reduction of copper from the crude ore as taken from the mine to the ingot copper. The process in brief shows the ore as it first appears crushed, then as sized in revolv ing screens, then concentrated by water by jigs, producing concentrates carrying about 30 per cent, of copper. Next it appears as calcined to eliminate the sul phur and other bases, then as smelted in a reverberatory furnace into a "regulus" containing 65 per cent of copper. After further smelting operations the ore again appears as a white metal, carrying about 78 per cent of copper; next as "blister" copper, and lastly, after further refinement by smelting, into ingots of nearly pure copper, ready for the market. After viewing the copper ore specimens from all of the different mines, attention was next turned to gold and silver ores, a monster piece of which, from the Drum Liunmon mine, weighs 1700 pounds. This mine was sold to English capitalists for $3,000,000. From the Moulton mine a specimen, taken out at a 500-foot level weighs 1000 pounds. It is gold and silver bearing and shows the great width of the mine. The products of this mine amounted to $500,000 last year. From the Bell mine is another magnificent specimen carrying 65 per cent of copper, thoroughly impregnated with great masses of silver. The Lex ington mine affords further examples of richness in silver ores. In addition to these are shown upon two great pyra mids, ores from the A. M. Holter mine, the Granite Mountain, the Comet, the Ileda Consolidated, Maria, Neptune, Liquidator, Mountain View, Parrott, Gagnon, Alice, Silver Safe, Stevens and the Helena Reduction company,the lat ter company showing a handsome dis play of silver 1 uillion. Other prominent mines too numerous to mention have their respective exhibits. Above the pyramids a sign rears high aloft, bearing the eloquent inscription: "These min erals all represent paying mines." In a cabinet all to itself, a wondrous sight is exhibited of gold ores, all from the At lantic Cable mine, located in Deer Lodge county. The cabinet represents the equivalent of $10,000 in specimens, one piece alone containing $3,800 of gold 960-1000ths fine. The product of this mine last year was $250,000. In further evidence of the mineral production of Montana during the past year, history records $23,500,000, which is greater than that of any other state or territory in the Union. Of this amount the Butte district, in the county of Silver Bow, produced $16,000,000. Next in or der in minerals, and last, but not least, is the display of Montana coal, taken from veins from twelve different dis tricts, representing veins from five to twenty feet in thickness. This coal is lignite, found in the tertiary formation, but of good coking qualities. Rich samples of iron ore are also seen, thus completing the category of all the po tent minerals in .Montana's rich collec tion. Of paramount interest to the stock raiser are the various specimens of bunch and buffalo grasses which form a conspicuous part of Montana's special department. These grasses are of the most nutritious kinds and afford nour ishment for the million and a half head of stock which now roam upon the val leys and plains of Eastern Montana. Of this stock 600,(XX) head of sheep are in cluded, which find no other sustenance save from these grasses. It must be understood in this connection that the rigors of this Northern clime are modi fied by warm breezes from the Pacific. The Chinook winds are life-giving alike to man and beast. While other states are exhibiting greater varieties of pota toes, none equal Montana in the size and nutritious properties of her ground fruit. In the way of cereals, the exhibit shows wheat, oats, barley, peas, and oth er varieties in perfection of formation. Every grain is fully matured. Accord ing to the census statistics Montana leads the van in the number of bushels of wheat per acre, showing the rare pro ductiveness of her soil. Wool, notably free from burs and excess of grease is is also shown, representing another of the great industries. Turning from the rich products of this rising territory, the eye for the beautiful is attracted to the magnificent oil painting which over hangs the doorway of the commission er's office. This painting represents Shoshone Falls, located on Snake river, in Idaho. While this painting repre sents one of the chief beauties of an adjoining territory and the coming wa tering place of the world, it neverthless adorns the Montana exhibit, inasmuch as it is partly owned in Montana. These falls have a perpendicular height of 210 feet, and are said by tourists to exceed Niagara in all its magnificent grandeur. At Montana headquarters the door is ever ajar, and thus visitors who accept of the openhanded hospitality find not only a generous, but an art retreat. The walls of the office are adorned with gems of art from the brush of Albert Blerstadt, America's greatest landscape artist. One of the pictures depicts the celebrated geyser, "Old Faithful," in the National Park. Another shows a hunt ing scene, while still another presents the head of a mountain sheep. The commissioners, in trying test of the artist's faithfulness unto nature, have faced this head with a fine specimen of a natural ltead, affording a comparison which greatly compliments the talented artist. These pictures by Mr. Bierstadt are valued at $7,500. In addition to these pictures, large photographs of the principal great smelting works and sil ver mills of the territory are shown, making the office really an art gallery. Montana is yet in her infancy. She is at present a territory, yet she is rapidly increasing in wealth and population. She has already adopted her constitu tion, which is both liberal and progress ive, and the next congress will be asked to grant her a place in the sisterhood of states. Her railroad facilities now em brace the Union Pacific and Northern Pacific railroads, affording rapid and ready means of communication east, west and south. In conclusion, let the skeptic visit the Montana exhibit, read of lier history, examine her records, and cease to wonder that she is com manding the attention of the world.