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Montana Historical Society
Helena lulltpintt \'Y VOL, 2. NO. 46. LIVINGSTON, MONTANA, SATURDAY, MAY 9,1885. PRICE 10 CENTS. Mttgsion fntrvprisi, LIVINGSTON, WEIGHT & HENDEY, MONTANA. Publishers. SATURDAY. MAY 9. 1885. PITMOBIPTION HAT*«—PAYABLE IN ADVANCE. On»« rear..............-...................... Six months................................... " •"? Thre.* month«................................ 1 fjj Single copies................................ 11 Mies Jennie A. Henderson is authorized to re ceive and receipt for subscriptions to the EEKLY K NTKni'iti et at Mammoth Hot springs. __ advkutisini; bates. ! STACK. •5 = 8 times. t C/ i £ : £ <£ 71 Ons Inch . 9 1 50 3 75 5 75 7 50 10 50 15. Two Inch. 'J 75 ti 00 9 00 12 no 10 50 34. Thrc« Inch. 3 75 8 50 11 50 10 OO 23 50 33. F*nr Inch . 4 50 10 50 15 00 19 00 28 00 43. Qtmr. Col.. i; no 13 50 19 OO 21 no 36 no OO. Half Col... 9 50 21 00 35 00 45 00 09 00 108. Une Col.... .. 15 00 3ti no 50 00 72 00 108 (H> 180. --- --* — — -3d District—J. A. Johnston, TERRITORIAL OFFICERS. . Governor—B. Platt Carpenter, Helena. Secretarv— JohD S. Tooker, Helena. Delegate' to Congress—Martin Maginnis, Helena. Audijor— J. I*. Wool man, Helena. Treasurer—D. H- Weston, Helena. Superintendent of Public Instruction— Corne lius Hedges, Helena. Attorney-General— J. A- Johnston, Helena. District Attorney—1st District— H. N. Blake, Virginia City. . . ... ,, ,, District Attorney—3d District—W . \. I eiuber ton, Butte. District Attorney 11 chief Justice— D S. Wade, Helena. Associate Justice—W. J. Galbraith, Deer Lodge, John Coburn, Bozeman. t; S District Attorney—J. M. DeM itt, Butte, U' H. Marshal—Alex. C. Botkin, Helena Survevor-General—John S. Harris, Helena. Clerk'1st District Court— Theo. Muffly, Virginia City Clerk 2d District Court— R. L. Davis, L Clerk 3d District Court-A. II. Beattie, Helena. Collector of Internal Revenue— T. P. fuller, Helena. Collector of Customs—3 . A. Cummings, °U. 8. Assaver-R. B. Harrison, Helena. of U. Land Oftict*, at Helena I ran le Adkinson. GALLATIN COUNTY. Sheriff—A J. Edsall, Bozeman. Treasurer—Ed. V. Ferris, Bozeman. Probate Judge—C. 8. Hartman, Bozeman. County Clerk and Recorder—Janies Gourley. 'Assessor— T. P. McDonald, Livingston. County (Superintendent of schools—Miss Adda M. Hamilton, Bczeman. . oroner-li. I). Alton, M. D.. Livingston. County Commissioners—8. L. Holliday, Ln Ingston: »V. 11. Tracy, West Gallatin; — Mon forton, East Gallatin. . .. J. P., Livingston Precinct— R. NN •. Hanson, M. K Cousta hies— .lohn Winnett, J. Cornwell. Deer Ben D. KELLY, JUSTICE OF THE PEACE. Deeds, Mortgages, Leases, Alining Deeds. > of Quartz and Placer Locations, Filings mt Public Lands purveyed or unsurveved, clan Deeds. Notices I made on ■ claims for Pensions prepared and forwarded to Pension De partment. Practical surveyor, Office—Main St., Livingston, M. T. — -—--*—-—-- JJOBERT P. GREEN, U. S. Deputy Mineral Surveyor, Ciril Engineer and Draughtsman. Office—Main Htreet, Bozeman, M. T. __ J E. HENDRY, Unitbp States Court Commissioner, Livingston, Montana. JOHN A. SAVAGE, Notary Public. JOHN H EI.HEB, N. P. Land Agent, g A VAGE & ELDER, Attobneys at Law anu Real Estate Auents Practice In all the Courts of the Territory. Main street. ,, _ Livingston, M. T. K OBERT I). ALTON, M. D. Surgeon Northern Pacific U. K. Co. mkcrge HALDORN, ATTORNEY AT LAW. „IVINGSTON, MONTANA. JQ B. PERRY, PHYSICAN AND SURGEON. LIVINGSTON, - MONTANA. Leave orders at P. O. drug store. Bank of Livingston STEBBINS, MUND & CO., Livingston, Montane Transacts a vJENEIUff BUSINEß Exchange on all the principal cities of the United States and Europe. Interest Allowed on TIME DEPOSITS. Collections made a specialty. Correspond ence solicited. ASSOCIATED BANKS. tebbins, Mund & Co., Miles City. Stehhins, Mund <fc Co., Billings. Stebbins, Conrad & Co., Buffalo, Wyo'g Merchants National Bank, Deadwood, I) T. Stebbins, Mund & Fox, Central, D. T. Stebbins, Fox & Co , Speariish, D. T. A. L. LOVE Casliier. SECOND HAND Printing Office, Nearly New, OR SALE CHEAP The material consists of one Washing on Hand Press, one Pearl Job Press, ith Type, Stones, Etc., m quantity to uit purchaser. Address, WRIGHT & HENDRY, LIVINGSTON. 11 T. N otick of forfeiture.-To Dr. D Newcomb or his assigns: You are hereby notified that the undersigned has, in accordance with the provisions of section 3834 of the Revised Statutes of the United States, performed the labor and made the necessary improvements to the val ue of one hundred ($100) dollars in representing for the year 1884 the placer mining claim at the mouth of Arastra creek, a tributary of Mill creek,, situated in Mill Creek Mining District, Gallatin county, Montana: and you are hereby notified that unless you contribute or cause to be contrib uted your portion amounting to fifty ($50) dollars and expenses, within ninety days after the publi cation of this notice, all your rights, title and in terests will become the property of the under signed co-owner, who has made the required ex penditure. JAMES M. KKIPPNER. Dated Livingston, Montana, February 5,1883. N OTICE OF FORFEITURE.—To Martin V. Boughton and Ed. L. Boughton. co-own ers : You are hereby notified that 1 have expend ed one hundred dollars [$100J in labor and improve ments upon the extension of Magnetic Iron Quartz Lode mining claim, situated in the New World Mining District, Gallatin county, Montana terri tory, as will appear by certificates filed September 23d, 1884, in the office of the recorder of said dis trict, in order to hold said premises under the provisions of section 3324, revised statutes of the United States, being the amount required to hold the same for the year ending December 31st, 1884, aud if within ninety days from the service of this notice or within ninety" days after the due pnbli cation of this notice you fail or refuse tocontrib ute your proportions of such expenditures as a co-owner your interest in said claim will become the property of the subscriber under said section 2324. * A. T. FRENCH. Cooke, Gallatin county, Montana territory, January 19tli, 1885. ' firt pub. teb. 28 N* OTICE OF FORFE1TURE. —To David Noble, co-owner: You are hereby notified that I have expended one hundred dollars [$loOJ in labor and improvements upon the Little Bear Quartz Lode mining claim, also one hundred del urs |$1UUJ in labor and improvements upon the extension of Magnetic Iron Quartz Lode mining claim, both situated in the New World Mining District, Gallatin county, Montana territory, as will appear by certificates filed September 22nd, 1884, in the office of the Recorder of said district, in order to hold said premises under the provis ions of section 2324, Revised Statutes of the Unit ed States, being the amounts required to hold the same for the year ending December 31st, 1884. And if within "ninety days from the service of this notice, or within ninety days after the'due publication of this notice, you fail or refuse to contribute your proportion of such expenditures, as a co-owner, your interests in said claims will become the property of the subscriber under said section 2324. Cooke, Gallatin county, Montana territory, January 19th, 1885. A. T. FRENCH. first pub. feb. 28. N J OTICE OF FORFEITURE.—To Charles expended $100 in labor and improvements upon the quartz lode claim, known as the "Wisconsin," which ^aid claim is situated in the New Woild Mining District, Gallatin county, Montana terri tory, situated on the southeasterly slepe of Hen derson Mountain [adjoining claims are the Yel low-Jacket No. 2 and Little Queen lodes], in order to hold the aforesaid claim [the Wisconsin] under the provisions of section 3324, Revised Statutes of the United States, being the amount necessary to hold the same for the year ending December 31st, 1884. You are a co-owner with me in said prem ises and if you fail within ninety dayB after the publication of this notice to contribute your pro portion of said expenditure as such co-owner, to wit : the sum of fifty dollars, your interest in said Wisconsin quartz lode claim will become the property of the subscriber under said section 2334 and I will claim and hold the same. Dated, Livingston, Gallatin county, Montana territory, February 9th, 1885. JAMES ENNIS. first pub. feb. 14 N otice of forfeiture.—T o James Dever: You are hereby notified that we have expended $1U0 in labor aud improvements upon the quartz lode claim known as the Binghamton, which said claim is situated on the easterly slope ol Red mountain [so-called], near the Wolverine pass, about one mile west of Crown Butte and in plain view of the same, in the New World Mining District, in the county of Gallatin and territory of Montana [the adjoinin^claims are the Josephine quartz lode on the southerly side anu the Munroe quartz lode mining claim on the easterly end of said Binghamton claim], in order to hold said last named quartz lode claim udder the provision of section 3324. Revised Statutes of the United States, being the amount necessary to hold the same for the year ending December 31st, 1884. You are a co-owner with us in said premises and if you fail within ninety days after the publica tion of this notice to contribute your proportion of said expenditure as such co-owner, to.wit : the sum of twenty-five dollars [and the cost of adver tising] your interest in said Binghamton quartz lode claim will become the property of the sub scribers under said section 2324 and we will claim and hold tiie same. Dated at Cooke, Gallatin county, Montana territory, February 28,1885. THOMAS M. ROBBINS. THOMAS II. SMITH. first pub. feb. 38. N OTICE OF FORFEITURE.—To Charles A. Wustum and J. R. Hatthawav, co-owners with the undersigned and others of the following described quartz mining claims : You are hereby notified that I have expended the sum of one hundreu dollars, in labor and improvements, be tween the first day of January, A. D. 1884, and the first day of January. A. D. 1885, upon each of the following quartz lodes or mining claims, in which you are co-owners, said claims lieing situated in the New World Mining District, Gallatin county, Montana territory, and known respectively as the "international," the "Snow Slide," the '(Devil, " the "Sliver Zone N o. 2," the "Stand Off," the "Rob Roy" and the "Smuggler" quartz Jodes— all and singular the same, except the "Smuggler," lieing more fully described in certain location notices for each of said claims new "n record with the county recorder of said Gallatin county, and the location notice of the said "Smuggler" lode being upon record with the recorder of the said New World Mining District at Cooke in said county. Said respective sums of one hundred dollars ($100) being expended upon each and every one of said claims as aforesaid, lieing the amount re quired to hold said claims for the year ending December 31st, A. D. 1884, under the provisions of section 2334 Revised Statutes of the United States. You are co-owners with me in the above-named lodes and if you fail within ninety days after the service of this notice, or within ninety days after the due publication of this notice, to contribute your proportion of the said sums ■of one hundred dollars ($100) expended upon each of said claims as aforesaid, your interestin' said claims will be come the property of the subscriber (weief the provisions of said section 2831. ■ • • ■ 1 ' • ' • Dated at Livingston]tialhrtih cuuutv, Montana territory-, February'VtlLA. D. 1885. ARCHIBALD K. CRAWFORD. [Settlement to lie made at this office.] first pub. fell. 14. N OTICE OF FORFEITURE.— City of Boze man, County of Gallatin, Territory of Mon tana, April 13th, 1885. To John Flaharty, co-own er with the undersigned in the Iron Duke quartz mining lode: You are hereby notified that the undersigned co-owner of said quartz lode mining claim expended the full sum of one hundred (100) dollars between the first day of January, 1884, and the first day of January. 1885, in labor and im provements upon the said Iron Duke quartz lode mining claim, situated in the so-called Sheep Eater Mining District (unorganized) in the County of Gallatin, Territory of Montana; said expenditure in labor and improvements having been made by the undersigned upon said mining claim in com pliance with the requirements of section 2134 of the Revised Statutes of the United States and for the purpose of holding and in order to hold said mining claim and premises under the provisions of chapter six, title thirty-two of the Revised Statutes of (he l mied states. ' iti thèréfore, you tail or refdsfe within nifrétv days from the service of this notice, or within ninety days after the due publication of this notice, to contribute your proportion 'of such expenditure as co-owner of .said mining claim vour Interest therein will be come the property of the subscriber under said section 3334. JOSEPH FISHER. Dated, April 13,1885, first pub. april 18 in by ed R. FORFEITURE.—To H. C. are hei _ ed, 002 öt NOTICE OF----------- . . iV Walker, or his assigns: Yon are heren.y notified that 1 ■ A Lhço, the undesigned, dM i of the owners ofthecirrArtz nrtmn* 'clwafhèrt iaaf ter described, expended the fnll sum of one hundred ($100) dollars, between the first day of Julv and the first day of December, A. 1). 1884, in labor and improvepiehts upon the MOntaznma Quartz Lode Mining Claim, situate in the New World Mining District, in the County of Gallatin. Territory of Montana, as required byUw, *« WMl more fully appear by brftof recorded in the office of the recorder of eaia Mining Edstrlpt, Mid JllB ing Claim being the same that was located on the Wfl.dayof 5line, Jiff »word of wh ch location will lie found In Book Two of Mining Claims, pages 159 and 160, in the office of the recorder of said county; saia expenditure having been made hv the undersigned, upon said Mining Claim, In compliance with section 2834 of the Revised Statutes of the United States, and you are hereby notified to pav to the undersigned your proper share of said expenditure. If, thereforeaMu or refuse for th » TW.oa ft* aarvioe ot this nttttfcij or Mr the' period ol ninety days nftef the dub publication'of the same, to contribute vo.ur proportion of such expenditure' as co-owner of. said Mining Claim, your interest therein will become the property of the under signed by virtue of said eectlon 2334- __ L. A. LUCE, Dated, B. O. Address. M<ffiUna i, May", iflds. [Urat-pubduay-ö] of. in 76. D a NEWS OF THE WEEK. Brigadier-General McDowell is dead. The Indians of Alaska are said to be uneasy and threatening mischief. Three men who were trying to navigate the upper Columbia were drowned James R. Osgood & Co., well known lawk publishers of Boston, have failed. Commissioner of Agriculture Coleman lias called a convention of representatives of agricultural colleges. The Lyndale hotel, at Lake Calhoun, Minnesota, a noted summer resort, was totally destroyed by fire. At Galveston, Texas, a boiler in the Tremont hotel exploded, killing four ser vants and injuring five others. Dr.Fordyce Barker says Gen. Grant has a cancer of the tongue that will prove fatal after a few months if not earlier. Victoria, B. C., has been making grent preparations for local defense in case of a war between Russia and England. Captain John B. Labarge, a well known Missouri river pilot, dropped dead at the wheel of the steamer Helena, at Bismarck. S. Corning Judd has been appointed postmaster of Chicago vice Frank Palmer suspended because of offensive partisan ship. The Canadian government is going to lend the Canadian Pacific railway another large sum —$5,000,000—to complete its road. C. II. Brown, a membèr of the printers' union of Minneapolis, was killed near Me dina, Dakota, while stealing a ride on a freight train. A trunk received from a train at the Union depot, Pittsburg, contained the body of an unknown man in an advanced stage of decomposition. A tenement house in the New York burned on Saturday night last and eight persons were burned to death while four teen others were injured. Maxwell, the supposed murderer of Preller in the Southern Hotel, St. Louis, has been arrested in Auckland, New Zca land, and will be extradited. The count of all the cash and securities in the United States treasury resulted in finding a discrepancy of two cents miss ing from a five dollar package of pennies. Officers in charge of all United States Mints and assay offices have been directed by the secretary of the treasury to reduce their expenses to the lowest possible limit. Gus. Lecz was found murdered in his shack ten miles south of Bismarck last week. The motive was robbery but there was no c.lue to the perpetrator of the mur der. Jamaicans employed on the Panama canal and national troops of Panama got into a collision in which 25 Jamaicans were barbarously slaughtered and many others wounded. It is reported that the United States authorities and the government of Colom bia have entered into a treaty to jointly guard and protect railway or canal com merce over the Isthmus of Panama. A mnss meeting was held in Victoria, C. lately at which resolutions were pased intimating that if Chinese immi gration was not stopped by law the citi zens would be forced to take the law into their own hands. Richard Short was tried in New York this week for stabbing Capt. Phelan in O'Donovan Rossa's office.. Thç evidence was conclusive against b,uf the jury brought ip a verdict pf '.'Not Guilty," The judge yras jpdignaut, expressed his astonishment and struck the names of those jurors from the panel. A five-story factory in Brooklyn, occu pied by 500 men and women engaged in various employments, was lieing raised at one side when the jackscrcws broke and let it down with a crash. Fire immedi ately caught and the building was soon a mass of flames. The occupants poured out upon the streets and upon adjoining roofs but nine are missing and are believ ed to have perished. The Grand Army of the Potomac held meeting in Washington (h# day, R. F». Leç Çfliftp, «f Confederate Veterans were holding a meeting in the immediate vicinity and were invited to join with the Potomac hoys after business was disposed of. They accepted and upon their arrival Major Martin Maginnis of Montana wel comed them in an impromptu address which was duly responded tft. At $pjnit<V Stew Mexico, Martin Nelson, while robbing W- L- May bury 's house, killed Dr, Flynn a guest, Maybury, his wife, two sons, a little daughter and a neighbor who became aroused by the noise. Nelson was then supposed to have escaped but shortly afterward lie fired into a group of citizens who were about the house killing one of them. He then went upon the street and ijh;ipg bullets hut v«8|* shot, djead. It, is thought that he was insane.. Commodore Cornelius K. Gallon, di#d> in New York on fhc ist, inst. at thf age pjf 76. years. Knickerbocker an cesfry and ranked with, ike Vanderbilts and Asters. In early life he became in a ty to be the tte er ed far. of by and the terested in boat building and river navi gation in Canada, on the Hudson and on the Mississippi. The California gold ex citement sent him to Panama and after ward to San Francisco, of which city he became mayor. When in 1860 he retain ed to New York he was very wealthy but he added to his fortune until in 1883 it was estimated at from five to seven mil lions. During the succeeding two years he made bad investments resulting in an assignment for the benefit of his creditors, though his wealth remained very large above his liabilities. An account of a terrible tragedy just been received from Taratan, Mexico, The seven-year-old son of a wealthy resi dent named Lopez was kidnapped and the father notified that the child would be killed if a $75,000 ransom Was not de posited in a certain place within two days By accident the note was not delivered until too late to negotiate with the crim inal. At the expiration of the second day the father found the child in his court yard, horribly mutilated; and a twclve year-old sister on seeing her brother's corpse fell dead. The father became a raving maniac. The perpetrator of the crime is being sought and if caught will be lynched. Of late there has been trouble among the quarry workers at Lamont and Joliet, Illinois. They struck for advance in wages of 25 cents per day hut were re fused. On Saturday last the strike at La mont assumed the form of a riot against non-striking workmen and state's troops were sent to suppress it. Seventy of the rioters were made prisoners and taken to jail at Joliet, hut were released next day by the sheriff who is said to have been in sympathy with them. On Monday the riot again broke out and in aggravated form. The troops again deployed and commanded the mob to disperse, hut were met by a shower of stones that injured a large number of the troops. The mob was then eharged at the bayonet point and dispersed or captured. Two of the rioters were killed, and three, one of whom was a woman, wounded. MONTANA NEWS. A 4-year old boy named Theriault was kicked to death by a marc at Missoula. Louis Guivotte, an Italian laborer, was terribly beaten and then robbed of $10 and his watch by Butte thugs. We gather from what the Independent says that W. W. Mabee, of the Glendive Times, is about to leave the territory. Capt. Duarge and 65 men will com mence work next week on upper Missouri river improvements, just below Benton. Two cowboys on the Marias, Choteau county, were fired on by Indiaus one day last week, hut they managed to get to camp with whole hides. It is said that a special agent of the treasury department will shortly visit Mon tana to inquire into the management of the Helena assay office. Ben Arthurs, of Butte, and Ed. Mc Keown, champion of Manitoba, had a prize fight at Neche, Dakota. McKeown won in the eighth round. Recent prairie fires in northern Montana and the southern part of the Northwest territory caused the death of 500 sheep and badly scorched 20 horses. The election on the question of the in corporation of DiiloA A'as carried in the affirmative by 104 votes against 103. It was a warm election and the defeated par ty is kicking vigorously. A. M. Esler has sold his interest in the Maginnis Mining company, of which he has been superintendent, to Hauser & Holter and has removed to Helena to ope rate mines in that vicinity. A three-year-old cow belonging to Lars Olcson, on the Freeze-Out road, Deer Lodge county, gave birth a few days ago to a two-headed calf. Its weight was 65 pounds and it was dead. The hide will be stuffed. Crow Agent Armstrong refused te allow the Yellowstone Round-up, Association to drive, çattle off the reservation this spring, tte thought better of it however when the Interior department ordered him to deliv er the cattle. Stock inspectors this year will he locat ed at Mandan for west hound shipments, and at Horse Plains for east hound ship ments. These places are selected as pre ferable Dickinson and Spokane Falls, which were previously designated. Husbandman: A terrible disease has broken out among the hogs of C. L. Han son, of this valley. It is very singular and has proven fatal in every case thus far. The hogs become swollen in the throat and die in 24 hours from the tiiqç of the attack. The Buttery to election resulted in the elççftojf <ft H. L. Frank (democrat) mayor by a majority of 160; Russell (democrat) treasurer by a majority of 157, and one deipocr^itic aldpnuan. republicans «fiççtod; ÇPlto® «WgèMtel©» city attorney, and throe aldermen. There is a movement afoot to secure the release of Bear Wolf aud Spotted Horse, the two Crow chiefs who were im of of prisoned last winter at the instance of Agent Armstrong, who pronounced them refractory and insubordinate because they opposed his machinations for the lease of the reservation. Louis Swanson, a crank, made an at tempt to wreck a train on the Wickes branch by digging a ditch across the grade and by piling ties on the track. The ob structions Were discovered and the train saved. Swanson was arrested. He says the railroad company had used him mean and he wanted to get even. On Tuesday of last week John II. Mc Carty, a freight train brakeman, was kill ed between Heron and Noxon on the Rocky Mountain division. He was run over by seven of the cars and cut completely in two. How he happened to fall from his train is not known as he was not missed until the next stopping place was reached. The Collar mine and mill at Maiden has been sold under execution for $7,550. The purchasers are S. S. Eaton, C. A. De Graf and E. N. Saunders, all members of the company that owned the property. It is believed that this sale is the culmina tion of the freeze-out game and that the mine will he again worked and on a large scale. U. S. Marshal Botkin states that no funds are available for the payment of wit nesses and jurors, and Judge Galbraith authorizes him to notify persons summon ed in the capacity of witnesses and jurors to attend the U. S. distriet court at Deer Lodge May 4th, that they will not be re quired to attend. This is owing to an in sufficient appropriation by congress for the use of the department of justice. Husbandman: George Grayson has just received a letter from II. Regnald Corbet, of England to make immediate preparations for a summer's hunting ex cursion. Mr. Corbet will be accompanied by his son and a wealthy German baron. Mr. Grayson will start in about ten days to prospect for a summer hunting ground. He will spend a couple of months pros pecting the mountains and will meet his party here about July 15th. A TRIO OF FIRES. Livingston, Billings and Miles City Devas tated by Flames. About 9 o'clock on Saturday night last fire was discovered in the upper story of the Livingston hotel. The alarm from numerous human voices and from the whistle of locomotives in the yard quick ly called a crowd. The fire had started from an unexplained cause in room 4 or 5 on the second floor of the hotel, and as the unplastered walls were like tinder the flames spread with incredible activity and the whole story was in a few moments af ter discovery of the fire in the control of the devouring element. Ready hands rushed in and saved what was possible in the lower story. The fire quickly spread to Volise Brothers' building and the Re vere hotel next adjoining, both two-story frames and lx>th east of the Livingston, and completing the row on that end of Park street. The Vohsc building was oc cupied by its owners as a saloon in the lower story and by Mrs. W. H. Lowe as a dwelling above. The Revere building was not occupied for its original purpose as a hotel, hut contained a considerable amount of furniture belonging to Mr. Montagu, who also owned the building in conjunction with Frank Henry. The con tents of these buildings were removed as rapidly as possible but not without much nage. The entire lack of presence of mind generally displayed by unorganized helpers at a fierce fire came to the surface ; bedding was carefully packed down stairs while stoves and mirrors were hurled through second story windows. The stocks of liquor were looked after with such care that a large proportion of them have not materialized to this day. Dur ing the fire there was a very slight breeze of wind from the east or northeast, and the flames and flying brands aud cinders were carried toward the main business portion of the town. When the fire had firmly fastened itself upon the three buildings mentioned it began to reach out toward Higgins Brothers' building across C street, opposite the Livingston hotel; this was also ajtwo-story frame building occupied by its owners as a saloon below and for lodging purposes on the upper floor. Feat ing the spread of the fire to do further damage, many citizens proposed to destroy the Higgins building with explosives and thus remove food from the flames. But some objection being offered this was not done and the building was soon afire. The billiard tables, stock and fixtures were re moved from the saloon and saved without great loss. Henry Frank's brick building was next nearest the fire hut it withstood the test without damage. In the rear stands ft small wooden building occupied by Mr. Frank as a dwelling. To save this building extraordinary efforts were used, as had it caught fire the flames would have extended through intervening buildings to tltetink and thence to the whote town. The building wus covered with wet Iflanketsand anxious men watch ed the track of the flaming- brands and promptly extinguished the numerous in cipient blazes that were lighted. So the town was saved with comparatively small damage—loss enough iu all conscience to of of the owners of the property burned, but small compared with what would have been the aggregate damage to Livingston had the flames spread as they at one time threatened. While the conflagration was at its height the light breeze of wind seemed to change for a few minutes and carried the danger directly toward the freight depot opposite which, with the wajehouses ad j acen t, contained $ 100,000 worth or more of freight, much of it con signed to White Sulphur Springs. But when the danger was most imminent the breeze changed again and the water brought by the yard engine from the tanks was not used. Numerous fires started in the town from the flying sparks which were scattered half a mile away; two blazes were extinguished west of Main street, over two blocks diagonally from the centre of the conflagration. The following is the statement of losses and insurance : Loss. Ins. J. P. Nolan......... ..$6,500 $4,500 Volise Bros.......... .. 3,200 1,500 P. Montagu......... .. 2,800 1,200 Hiügins Bros........ . . 2,500 None $15,000 $7,200 The insurance was distributed as fol lows : Ceperley & Ayrault' s agency: Home, $500; Commercial, $500; Scottish Un ion, $1,100; National, $500; Fireman's Fund, $600. E. J.Chamberlin's agency: Spring-field, $1,500; Pennsylvania, $1,500. Savage & Elder's agency: Union of New Zealand, $1,000. Higgins Brothers' insurance policy had expired not many days before the fire. Several boarders at the Livingston hotel lost their personal effects. Among them were E. J. and Garry White, who lost all but the clothes they wore at the time. The Billings Fire. While the flames were still raging in Livingston on Saturday night last Billings was visited by an identical but more sweeping scourge. Fire was discovered in the Farmer's hotel, a two story log building, a relic of the early days but un occupied except by two lodgers, J. W. Cobb and À. N. Thompson of the local newspaper corps. The building was situ ated in block 111 on the main business street of the town, next east of the block burned last year. The flames spread each way and burned every building in the block except the Park hotel, a large build ing on a side street. The principal losers WCTC: Firnt National Dank, Tull y & Freese, hardware; Gazette Publismng company; Mrs. Fisch, building; Mrs. Lind, dry goods; Mrs. Cohen, building; M. Susman, building and general stock; W. R. Finch, photographic outfit and stock of liquors; G. B. Ilulme, building; H. H. Mund, building. There were num erous other sufferers but their losses were comparatively small. A liberal estimate places the total loss at $60,000. The in surance was a trifle over $30,000. One of the heaviest losers was the Gazette Publishing Company, consolidated from the Herald, Post and Rustler firms, and the combined printing outfits had that day been moved into a building in the burned block. Some of the type was saved but mostly in the form of "pi''; a job press and a small card press were also rescued. The company's loss is fully $5, 500, insured for $2,750. The First Na tional Bank lost little oi nothing by the fire. Its building was fully insured and its vault withstood the ordeal without damage to its contents. A small building has been erected over the vault in which to do business temporarily and work on the bank's new building, some time in progress, is being rushed with all speed. J. W. Cobb was in bed in the building in which the fire started and at that time. When he awoke the flames were all around him and when he was rescued lie was very badly burned, and cut by forcing Ins way through a window. He is a printer and was proprietor of the late Rustler; he was at one time a proprietor of the defunct Miles City Press. The origin of the fire is a mystery. An unknown woman was seen to leave the spot where the flames originated about ten minutes before they were discovered. This gives rise to a theo ry of incendiarism. Miles City ViMted by Fire. On Monday evening at about 10:30 o'clock,within 48 hours after the subsidence of the flames in Livingston and Billings, fi(c broke out in Miles City. It originat ed in the rear of Brandenburg & Van Gasken's meat market and may have been from the smoke house or by an incendiary hand or that of a careless tramp. The fire spread in both directions and burned the entire block, comprising some ol the heaviest business houses m tho town. The block was of the older portion of the town so that the buildings destroyed were generally of an inferior class. The heaviest sufferers were T. B. Burleigh, $12,000; Basinski Bros., $10,000; Bran denburgh & VanGasken, $10,000; E. Butler, $3,000; Breback, $2,000; Strevell & Garlock, $1,600; A, Smite $1,500 K. Schmid, $1,200; N.. Brochardt, Moran Bros., Dr. Davte> Hanauer & Martindale each $i ,00ft. The total losses are placed at $60,000 covered by an insurance of $38,050. Among the buildings burned was the postoffice, but little or no mail matter was lost. European Affairs. Russia and England have, temporarily at least, ceased showing their teeth at each other. When war preparations and belligerent utterances on each side had reached the climax, when the boom of Cannon seemed the only next move, suddenly there was a break in the clouds and grim war's wrinkled front changed to a smoother and more pacific visage. Communications between the two powers were resumed, each assured the other of his extreme desire for peace and the basis of a truce or of a perma nent settlement of disputes began to be arranged. Everything is still in a nebu lous condition, but the leading proposi tion seems to be to submit to the arbi tration of a neutral, disinterested power (probably the emperor of Germany) the settlement of which was responsible for the battle of Penjdeh—the Russians, the Afghans or the English. On the 17th of March, Russia and England en tered into an agreement that neither themselves nor the Afghans should oc cupy the disputed territory on the bor ders of Afghanistan pending the decis ion of the boundary commission then at work. On March 30th the Russians ad vanced into that territory, gave battle to the Afghans (who also advanced) and defeated them. Russia's general, Kom aroff, claims that the Afghans incited the battle and the advance. English officers say the Russians wero entirely responsible for the affair. Gladstone says in a dispute between officers it is liest to refer the matter to a disinterest ed party rather than rush into war on the mere say-so of a comparatively in ferior servant of the government. Sir Peter Lumsden.the British high bound ary commissioner in Afghanistan, has been recalled and a successor appointed. The temper of the English press, parlia ment and people over this late develop ment is feverish. They are disposed to say that it is a deep humiliation to Eng land; that Lumsden's recall is a confes sion of wrong; that Russia will win without war all that she was bound to fight for if she could not get it other wise; that Gladstone's policy will place Russia at the open gates of Herat and of India. It is also said that Gladstone is afraid to incur the responsibility of a great war. There will be a new elec tion this summer or fall and his govern ment will doubtless be defeated and he knows it; he would rather shift the re sponsibility of war and the settlement of all this difficulty upon his successor than undertake it himself. There is no doubt but what Gladstone's genius is for domestic government and that he is a conspicuous failure when foreign complications demand a firm and un bending front. Russia did not advance upon Afghanistan without a purpose. That purpose she has had constantly in view and is determined to accomplish unless beaten in a trial at arms. If she agrees to peaceful negotiations it is only in the hope of winning by that means and, failing there, she will again appeal to force. It is her old policy. Meanwhile it is stated that England has concluded a treaty with Turkey; in consideration of granting that power ingress to the Soudan from the Red Sea, returning the island of Cyprus in five years and other favors, Turkey allows England's ships free passage between the Mediterranean and Black seas in case of a war with Russia. In the Soudan matters are less quiet. Osman Digma is reorganizinghis army; El Madhi's troops are very impudent in their behavior and it looks as though the desert Arabs would shortly be harassing the English and Egyptians as bad as they were a few weeks ago. The dispute between France and Egypt has been settled by the resump tion of publication of the suppressed newspaper. Here again Gladstone is severely criticised. He admits having advised the Egyptian Sultan to apolo gize to the French and let publication of the suppressed newspaper be resumed. This is construed by the critics into an other back-down, but he says his gov ernment was only asked for advice and having disinterestedly investigated found Egypt was in the wrong ad vised rectification. But it is suspected that England first advised the suppres sion of the paper. Territorial Office». "Washington special to Minneapolis Tribune : It is generally believed among the territorial citizens now here that Gov ernor Warren, of Wyoming, ; President Arthur's last appointee, will not be dis turbed and his competitor, Mr. Post, has given up all hope of securing a change. J. B. Adams, of Rawlins, says on account of a friction of local and public interests in the territories, he thought President Cleveland had not found it practicable to adhere closely to the territorial plank m the platform, and that the citizens of the states would be admitted. The First of the Season. On Monday last two masked men witli revolvers in their hands held up two stages owned by rival companies that every after noon leave Rathdrum for Cœur d* Vleue City and the mines. The tiist stage con tained a white man, a Chinaman and Wells-Fargo & Co.'s express box. The white man yielded up $17 and a watch, the Chinaman nothing and the express 1m>x nothing believed to be very valuable. The second stage yielded $128 in cash and a watch and chain. The bold foot-pads es caped.