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Montana Historical Society
iuiiigslon VOL. 3. LIVINGSTON, MONTANA, SATURDAY, AUGUST 8,1885. PRICE 10 CENTS. ç£U'int),sttm Enterprise. LIVINGSTON, WEIGHT & HENDBY, MONTANA. - Publishers. SATURDAY. AUGUST 8. 1885. • I BWtUl-riON BATES— I'AVABl.B 1» AISANCE. ......$3 .»I On** year.............................. 2 00 Six months............................. \ 25 Tlir**« mont lis ........................ Y.YY..Y. 10 W.gle copie." ie ... ls authorized to re î^ iflS mTrprsint forsnhecriptions to the Weekly gKgggffi S* rfot Springe. _____ advertising rates. « ? ? 1 n CD SPACE. tinu | £ i S j £ -T ' X « j i ! On«* incli • 5 !>, 2? 3 75 6 no 5 75 9 00 1 7 50 10 50' 12 00 16 50 15. 24. Two Inrh- Thr*-<! ini'll Pmt inch 9 ~Y 8 50 11 50 16 00 22 50 33. 4 50 10 50 15 00 19 00 28 00; 42. r> on 13 50 19 00 24 00 36 00 60. Qnar Col.. f)D* Col---- 23 00 35 no 45 00 69 00 108. . 15 O0, 36 00 56 00 72 00:108 00, 180. Bowell ft Co'» New^per Art Spruce St.l, wh^M»ertls'^ ado for it IN NEW YOUR. THI8 PAPER WüSAÄLÄSS^S: TfrtbiiDff Bureau (*v contracts may bo m ______ territorial officers. Governor-Samuel T. Ilauser, Helena. Nerretarv—.John S. Tookor, Helena. Delegate to Congress—.Joseph K Toole, Helena. Auditor— J. 1*. Woolman, Helena. Treasurer—D. H. eston. Helena. Superintendent of Public Instruction—VN m. W Wylie, Bozeman. Attorney-General— \V . II. Hunt. District Attorney—1st District—II. >. Blake, Virginia City. . ... .. T1 , District Attorney—2d District \\ . 1. I ember ton, Hutte. _ District Attorney—3d District — W. H» Hunt, Fort Benton. Chief Justice—D S. Wade, Helena. Associate Justice—W. .1. Galbraith, Deer Lodge, John Coburn, Bozeman. ..... 1' S. District Attorney— F. M. DeW itt, Butte. ~ V. S. Marslial— H. S. Kelly, Deer Lodge Stirvevor-lieneral—John S. Harris, Helena. ^ Clerk lat District Court— Theo. Mullly, \ lrginia ^ Clerk 2d District Court— K. L. Davis, Deer L Clerk 3d District Court-A. II. Beattie Helena. Collector of Internal Revenue— T. P. huiler, ^Collector of Customs—T. A. Cummings, Ben 'T s. Assaver- lt. B- Harrison, Helena. Hegister oi U. S. Land Office, at Bozeman p. Chisholm. GALLATIN COUNTY. Sheriff -A. J. Edsall, Bozeman. Treasurer—Ed. F. Kerris, Bozeman. Probate Judge—C. S. Hartman, Bozeman. County Clerk and Recorder—James Gourley. Assessor— T. P. McDonald, Livingston. County Superintendent of scliools—Miss Adda M. Hamilton, Bczenian. v.oroner— R. D. Alton, M. D.. Livingston. County Commissioners—8. L. Holliday, Liv ingston; »V. II. Tracy, West Gallatin ;—Mon forton, East Gallatin. . J I\, Livingston Precinct— R. W., Hanson, II. K«*lly. Constables—John Winnett, J. Cornwell. -O. ROBERT P. GREEN, U. S. Deputy Mineral Bubveyor, •Ivil Engineer and Draughtsman. Office— Main itreet, Bozeman, M. T. J E. HENDRY, * *UsiTBn States Coubt Commissioner, Livingston, Montana. ihn a. savage, john n eldkb, Notary Public. N. P. Land Agent. RAVAGE ft ELDER, TTOBNKY» AT LAW AND ltEAL ESTATE AGENTS Practice in all the Courts of the Territory, ain street. Livingston, M. 1. ROBERT D. ALTON, M. D. SrnoEoN Nobthebn Pacific R. K. Co. 1» 11. NORTON, MINING ENGINEER AND SURVEYOR. o&i Mining a Specialty. Deputy U. S. Mineral Surveyor. tgent N. P. Express Co., Livingston, M. T. Q B. PERRY, PHYSICAN AND SURGEON. . LIVINGSTON, - MONTANA. Leave orders at P. O. drug store. Bank of Livingston STEBBINS, MUND & CO., ivingston, ENERAL Transacts a BANKING Montan« BUSINESS. cities of the ichange on all the principal United States and Europe tbrest Allowed on TIME DEPOSITS. Collections made a specialty. Correspond re solicited. associated banks. ;ockgrovvi*rs National, Miles City. First National Bank, Billing». , First National Bank, Buffalo, vV yo g. srehants National Bank, Deadwood, D. T. Stebhlns, Mnnd ft Fox, Central, D. T. Stehbine, Fox ft Co , Spearflsh, D. T. A. L. LOVE Cashier. I0HN O. SAX & CO., news and fruit dealers, AND CONFECTIONERS. rhe latest eastern Dailies« Illustrated Journ Is and Magazines always on hand. MAIN STREET. ONE FBICE.1 SQUARE '> DEALING. An At. good White Shirt, full width rench faced sleeves, everlasting back lay, linen bosom and bands, overstitch earns, 60c. eacl^, 6 for $3.00 COLLARS, 15c. CUFFS. 20c. lest quality linen, extra heavy, 4-ply. Warranted. All new styles. Mv, 85e. W!?'te §|?M s :warranted Warn sut ta Muslin, 2100 'men in bosom, French sleeves, ever 1 asting back stay, seams foiled and overstitched, cut full. The best Shirt money can produce. Send a sample order , B. HARRIS, M. jJ^ERVOUS DEBILITATED MEN. You are allowed a tree trial of thirtv days of the use of Dr. Dye's celebrated Voltaic Belt with elec tric Suspensory Appliances, for the speedy relief and permanent cure of nervous debility, loss of vitality and manhoyd. and all kindred troubles. Also for manv other diseases. Complete restor ation to health, vigor and manhood guaranteed. No risk is incurred. Illustrated pamphlet, with full information, terms, etc., mailed free by ad dressing Voltaic Belt Co., Marshall, Mich. N OTICE FOR PUBLICATION.— Land Of fice at Bozeman, M. T., July 18,1885. Notice is hereby given that the following-named settler has filed notice of his intention to make final proof in support of his claim, and that said proof will be made before the Register and Receiver at Bozeman, M. T., on August 31,1885, viz: Benja min V. Clark, D. S. «07, for the Lot 4, 8. W. h, of fraction al N . W. Q ; . W. '4 of 8. W. *4, section 29, and S. K. r 4,of N. E. > 4 ,section 30, township 1, So. R. 11 East. The names of the following wit nesses to prove his continuous residence upon, and cultivation of, said land, viz: Wm. B. Mc Adow, Chas. P. Blakely, Andrew J. Smith, George F. Shelton, all of Bozeman, Gallatin Co., M. T. O. P. CHISHOLM. Register, first publication, july 25,18853 B ids for real estate.—B y an order of the District Court for t virtue of on .....o. v.i .... ........ w v,..-< v .... the First Judicial District for the Territory of Montana, dated the second day of January, A. D. 1885, bids will be received by the undersigned for the pur chase of the real estate hereinafter described. Said property is described as follows, to-wit: Lot* number one (1) in Block number sixtv-one (fill, in town of Liv ingston, with the Bank Building standing on the sanie. I am authorized to sell with this lot and building the Fixtures in the Bank, consisting of Counters, Desks and Safe. The appraised value of the property is Thirteen Thousand and Five Hundred Dollars ($13,500). The right is reserved to reject any and all bids. Terms of'sale—CASH. CHARLES A. BAKER, Receiver of The First National Bank of Livingston, M. T. first pub. may30. N otice of Walker, or FORFEITURE.— To II. C. nsrnn, „1 his assigns: You are hereby notified that L. A. Luce, the undersigned, one of the owners of the quartz lode mining claim here inafter described, expended the full sum of one hundred ($100) dollars, between the first day of July and the first day of December, A. D. 1884, in labor and improvements upon the Montazuma Quartz Lode Mining Claim, situate in the New World Mining District, in the County of Gallatin, Territory of Montana, as required by law. as will more fully appear by proof recorded in the office of the recorder of said Mining District, said Min ing Claim being the same that was located on the 26th day of June, 1882, record of which location will he* found in Book Two of Mining Claims, pages 159 and 160. in the office of the recorder of said county; said expenditure having been made by the undersigned, upon said Mining Claim, in compliance with section 2324 of the Revised Statutes of the United States, and you are hereby notified to pay to the undersigned your proper share of said expenditure. If, therefore, you fail or refuse for the period of ninety days from the service of this notice, or for the period of ninety days after the due publication of the same, to contribute your proportion of such expenditure as co-owner of said Mining Claim, your interest therein will become the property of the under signed by virtue of said section 2324. L. A. LUCE, P. O. Address, Bozeman, Montana. Dated, May 7,1885. ffirst-pub-may-9] [No. 41J A pplication for patent.— r. s. Land Office, Bozeman, M. T., July 29, 1885. Notice is hereby given that Isaac Orschel and Herman Orschef, whose P. O. address i« Living ston, Gallatin county, M.T., by said Isaac Orschel, Attorney in Fact, hâve this day filed application for patent, under the mining laws of Congress, for the placer surveyed as survey No. 58 and so desig nated hv the official plat and field note» on file in this office, and situated in Emigrant Mining Dis trict, Gallatin county, Montana Territory, in sec tion —, township 7 south, range 8 east (approxi mately) of principal base anil meridian, which claim is recorded in the office of the Recorder of Gallatin county, M. T., in book 2, page 43, mining claims, and described as follows: Beginning at the N. E. corner of said claim, the same beingttae '•Emigrant" initial point, at a post marked 1-58, for corner No. 1, thence south 77 degrees, 20 min. west, 200 feet to a squared dead wine tree marked 2-58, tor corner No. 2; thence south 12 dee., 40 min. east, 1,000 f«et to a pine post marked 3-58, for corner No. 3, from which location corner bears south 12 deg., 40 inin. east, 150 feet (a blazed tree) ; thence south 13 deg., 55 min. east, 1,200 feet to a post, marked 4-58. for corner No. 4; thence north 73 deg,. 45 min. east. 590 feet to a post marked 5-58, for corner No. 5; thence north 23 min. west, 2,200 feet, to place of beginning. Corners No. 1, 4, 5 having a mound of earth and No. 2, 3 a mound of earth and stone; magnetic variation 19s, 45' east; embracing 19 90-100 acres, upon which a notice of «aid application was posted the 14th day of July, 1885. The adjoining claimants to these premises are the John Counts etal. on the north, the John Clifford on the west: the Cam hinia Mining Co on the south; placers unsurvey ed. Any and all persons claiming adversely any portion of said placer claim, survey 58, originally located by Peter Brown, are required to file their adverse claims with the Register of the U. S. Land Office at Bozeman, in the Territory of Montana, during the 60 days period of publication hereof, or they will be barred by virtue of the provisions of the statute. O. P. CHISHOLM, Register. J. V. Bogert, Att'y for Applicants, first pub. aug. 1,1885. SPAPCP A book of 100 pages, irnraiv The best book for an _________ advertiser to con 1 B 1 1] suit, be he expert » IH cumq enced or otherwise. It contains lists of newspapers and estimates oftbc cost of advertising. The advertiser who wants to spend one dollar, finds in it the in formation he require* while forhim who will invest one hundred thousand dollars in ad vertising, a scheme is indicated which will meet his every requirement, or can be made to do to by tlight change» eatily arrived at by cor respondence. 149 editions have been issued. Sent, post-paid, to any address for 10 cents. Write to GEO. P. ROWELL A CO., NEWSPAPER ADVERTISING BUREAU. (10Spruce St. Printing Honse Sq.), New York The BUYERS' GUIDE is issued March and Sept.« 1 each year. W »16 pages, 18%xll% Inches,with over 3, BOO illustrations — a whole Picture Gallery. _ GIVES Wholesale Prices direct to consumer s on all goods for personal or Dually use. Tells how to order, and gives exact cost of every thing yon use, eat, drink, wear, or have flan with. These INVALUABLE BOOKS contain information gleaned from the markets of the world. We will mall a copy FREE to any ad dress upon receipt of lOcts* to defray expense of mailing. Let ns hear from yon. Bespectftilly, MONTGOMERY WARD A CO. 291 dc 229 Wabash Avenue, Chicago, Dl. ESTABLISHED 1867. Diamond Jo Line STEAMERS. "ft UPPER MISSISSIPPI PACKET UHL Thie companv dispatches each week three of their elegant passenger packets from ST_ PAUL yob Red Wine, Winona, LaCrosse, McGregor, Du buque, Davenport, Rock Island, Burlington, Keokuk, Quincy, Hannibal, Louisiana, Clarksville, Alton and ST. LOUIS, connecting at 8t. Louis with steamers of "Anchor Line" for Memphis, Vicksburg, Helena and New Orleans. Tlie Favorite Route, Boutb A East, West. Less heat and no. dust, smoke or cinders to 4anoy. Our FIRST -CLASS RATES INCLUDE Meals and berth on steamer, therefore, no extra expense for sleeping car and meals. Rates as and in some cases lower than via any rail line. Via this route you view to best advantage famed scenery of the Mississippi River, passing through Lake Pepin and the noted Government canal and locks at the Des Moines Rapids. Through Tickets can be procured in St- Paul office via river and iail to principal interior P °Freight rates at all times lower than via my ra line A. G. LONG. Agent, St. Paul, Freight ÿ> Dock opposite Union Depot. JO REYNOLDS, Pres. FRED A BILL, G. P. Vm-ITjCKKY! 8apt. and G. P L NEWS OF THE WEEK. Yellow fever is raging at Vera Cruz. Deaths from cholera still continue in Marseilles, France. The decrease of the public debt for the month of July was $8,662,789.06. Very heavy rain storms visited Pennsyl vania and Maryland early this week. The Commercial Bank of Suffolk, Va., has failed. The deposits are about $100, 000 . Spam has been visited by terrific storms of late. This will intensify the suffering caused by the cholera. England and Russia have agreed to leave the Zulfikar Pass question to a joint boundary commission. It is estimaied that there has been a de crease of about $7,000,000 in the public debt during the month of July. King Leopold of Belgium says he is about to assume to the title of sovereign of the Congo Free State in Africa. Paul Mohr, Esq., representing eastern capitalists, is at Spokane Falls negotiating for the entire water power of that city. A passenger train coming into Denver ran over a dynamite cartridge. The en gine and tender were badly wrecked but no person was injured. The Sioux Indian who ravished Miss Dickinson near Valentine, Neb., has been arrested at Rosebud agency and fully identified by his victim. The county jail at Baker City, Oregon, burned and five prisoners perished in the flames. One was charged with murder and the others with larceney. Cholera has broken out in Paris. In Spam the daily death rate from cholera reaches above a thousand and a constant increase of new cases is reported. William Neff, a Colorado miner, wish ing to commit suicide placed a stick of giant powder under his head, lighted the fuse and blew his head off his shoulders. Ex-Surgeon-General Wales of the navy who was court-martialed for neglect of duty was sentenced to five years' suspen sion from rank and duty with furlough pay. The announcement is made that the civil war in the United States of Colum bia is over. The last stronghold of the rebels has bean taken and Preston, the leader, made a prisoner. S. S. Cox. United States minister, has l>een specially instructed, it is believed here, to resume negotiations with the Porte for the modification of the Turkish tariff on American imports. The Sharon-Hill case is prolific of sen sation A few days ago Kewalsky, an at torney for Sharon, drew a revolver on Judgo Terry aud opposing counsel. Terry drew his gun, too, and Kewalsky fled. In the Sharon-Hill trial in San Francisco the other day Miss Hill (or Mrs. Sharon) drew a revolver and threatened to shoot ex-Senator Stewart of counsel for Sharon because of strictures upon her evidence. It is said that Lord Chief Justice Coler idge of England is about to marry an American lady whom be first met on an ocean steamer and who threatens a breach of promise suit if he docs not marry her. A. T. Lather came into Bismarck a few days ago with a bullet wound in bis ankle which he said was inflicted by some In dians at Bertbold from whom he was try ing to recover clothing they had stolen from him. Gen. Fitzhugh Lee of Virginia is to be one of the aides at Grant's funeral. In replying to the request to act in that ca pacity he said he was glad of the oppor tunity to testify his respect of a great and generous soldier. An official dispatch from Victoria, B. C., says that extradition papers have been granted in the case of Hibbs, the default ing postmaster of Lewiston, Idaho, and the $10,000 found on his person will also be turned over W. S. Smith and A. L. Talbot started to race with balloons. When they had got up 1200 feet both balloons collapsed. Talbot came down with the wreck and es caped unhurt but Smith was killed. It occurred near Chicago. Ou Sunday night last a fire broke out in a glucose factory in Toronto and before the flames could be subdued over a million dollars worth of property was destroyed. Scores of vessels of all kinds were burned at the docks and one life was lost. À Fargo Argus special report tells of a furious hail and rain storm in central Sar gent county Sunday evening, damaging 2,000 acres of wheat, destroying part in total} also reports a destructive hail storm in the James valley, loss not known. Captain James J. Cogan, of New York, is negotiating for the purchase of the house at Point Pleasant, Ohio, » which General Grant was born, with the view of having it set up in Central park. He offers $&,000i for it- The owner wants 110,000. Last Saturday to of to night Vice-president Oakes of the Northern Pacific was fired at twice in his residence in St. Paul by a burglar whom be caught in his boose and tried to foj arrest by tbs police. U ter a struggle, during which the two shots were fired, the burglar escaped leaving Mr. Oakes unhurt. At Rawlins, Wyoming, on Saturday night John P. Clow of Denver and H. P. Hynds of Cheyenne fought for the cham pionship of Colorado and Wyoming. Clow won in the sixth round. Eight hundred people witnessed the fight and $20,000 changed hands. Mrs. Salm went to Chicago and claimed to be the cattle queen of Texas—owner of 125,000 head of stock and $75,000 worth of diamonds. A board bill of $75 at the hotel forced her to put up her diamonds and other iewelry and they were found to be worth about $18, first cost. On Sunday night W. R. Merriam of St. Paul, late candidate for mayor, was held up in his own residence by a masked burglar with a revolver in bis hands and forced to deliver diamonds and jewelry valued at $1,200. The burglar is believed to be the same who eutered T. F. Oakes' house ou Saturday night. President Cleveland, after Grant's fun eral, will go the Adi rond acks to spend the remainder of the month of August. Sec retary Manning will take Ins vacation at Watchhill, Conn. Secretaries Lamar, Bayard and Garland wtll not leave Wash ington for any long period. Endicott and Whitney will go to their homes a few weeks making visits to Washington as their presence is required and Vilas will spend August in Wisconsin. On Monday last a terridc cyclone swept up the Delcware river striking Philadel phia and Camden and demolishing every thing in its track. Ferry boats and other vessels on the river were wrecked and buildings of all kinds were destroyed. Three or four persons were killed, many were injured and hundreds of famlies were rendered homeless. The cyclone is described as an immense cone shaped cloud with its point resting on the ground and its base mingling with the clouds above. It moved with a rotary motion and its passage was narked by darkness as black as night. The great Kinj-Remington land case which has had a bng trial before the dis trict court at Minieapolis has been decid ed in favor of Col W. S. King. The value of the property involved is $1,500,000 and it now forms put of Minneapolis, be ing the Lyndalc stburb. Years ago when King was in difficulties he deeded the property to Remington (the gun man) m return for an advame of money. The court decided that ths conveyance was in the nature of a mortgge, that an account of the property must le rendered and res titution made. The case will go to the supreme court on appial. Territorial Fiir Outfit. We are constant^ entertained by the effrontery of the Teiriorial Fair Associa tion (or whatever it lay be) of Helena. It keeps sending pmphlets, announce ments, posters audsua advertising matter to newspaper offices vth the expectation of free and flattering nention. We have yet to see the color f the Association's money.— LivingstonSnterprise. And we may add tit you are very like ly to be bald-headed Wore you do see the color of it. The outfhvould rather spend its loose cash in ücinnati, and take chances on damphooMontanians refund ing at the next shv.—Virginia City Madisonian. The Territorial Er outfit has more cheek than an old go mment mule. For several years the Assdation has expected the publishers of Mctana to gratuitously advertise the one-hor exhibition it gives annually for the benct of its stockholders and the town of Hcla. We got tired of gratuitously advertisg the Fair concern some time ago.—Dili Tribune. Some territorial pars are blaming the Fair Association heror not sending them forty or fifty dollars nth of advertising; and yet when Fair wk comes the propri etors of these jourm will visit Helena and gam admission tthe Fair grounds on the strength of a y ow ticket marked "complimentary." seems there are in consistencies even inmrnalism.—Helena Herald. Referring this last remark the Enterprise would r that it solicits no courtesies from the lir Association and can exist without su courtesies. It is also worth mention»; that if even one perron were inducedo visit the Fair by what might appear idle columns of this paper it would inonthan offset a com plimentary season ticet issued to the edi tor. The Fair Assertion expects some thing for nothing «the newspapers of this territory; but lyway it is only a jockey-meeting witoa snide pumpkin show attachment. a A Reluctan Ldmlssion. Botte Inter-Mouin: Hon. J. K. Toole is making a pable, earnest and popular représentât of Montana in Washington. Somef his political asso ciates in this territoiand their methods we consider objectiol and disreputable, but it must be conced that Mr. Toole is making an active andignified delegate, and the Inter Mount believes him ani mated by an honorai! ambition to do bis whole duty to the vole people of this territory. He is a proseotative young man of brains and cbioW*. Emigrant Still at the Front. Ciik o, Aug. 3rd, 1885.—Your corres pondent has been in Emigrant Gulch for the last two months looking after his in terests. During those two months he has seen many changes for the better over last year. Then the placer interests were the only things looked after. Now quartz and quartz mining predominates. For over twenty years men have worked and toiled in this gulch for gold. The placers have yielded gold in large amounts con tinually and to-day are doing the same. Some enterprising men think there must be a large bung hole somewhere and are anxiously looking for the place where all the gold came out of the rocks. They think they will soon find it up the main fork of Emigrant creek. Your corres pondent visited the upper camp in the gulch (known as the Sheep Mountain camp) a short time ago and there saw enough to convince the most skeptical that gold exists in large and well defined veins of quartz. Beginning with Mc Guire's claim on the south and running north are good veins of gold-bearing quartz. Mr. Irving showed me a well de fined vein with a considerable amount of work done, the quartz extending from wall to wall — a decomposed quartz easily w orked that all seemed to carry the pre cious metal. Following along the moun tain side and walking on the top of the vein we came to the Lexington mine own ed by Riley Noel ct al. The location is a choice one and your correspondent saw tunnels, shafts and cuts all in first class ore that will, I think, mill $20 per ton. Following the vein to the north the next location was Mr. Connell's and others, looking equally well. We then ascended the mountain and saw the arastra in full operation, running on Lexington ore. The boys will certainly make a good clean up when they choose to. We were nicely entertained by Messrs. Irving and Noel, and after having dinner wended our way to our camp at Geo. Dow's place. Wil liam Grey's Buena Vista lode looks well and gives promise of being a great gold and silver mine when developed. The Little Mac and Gold Leaf arc two promis ing gold leads owned by Chas. Soule and Mr. Holter. The North Star lode on the extreme west of the belt, owned by Counts and others, looks promising. Dow's Bos ton lode has more development on it than any other mine in the gulch ; think George has got it sure. The Silver Cliff lode owned by Hobbs and others shows some very rich silver ore, mostly of a carbonate nature. They will soon sink a shaft on the vein where they will be apt to strike a large body of rich ore. The Old Jim lode on the branch known as Fridley creek shows up an immense vein of galena ore which Messrs. Bucher, Babcock and partners have improved much this sum mer by good substantial developments. The placer interests are being worked as steadily as ever. Mr. Alderson still is piping the auriferous gravel from a long sought but recently found old channel on the west side of the creek. He and his family have at present gone to Bozeman. Everything in the Gulch indicates a year of progress and the camp is destined at no distant day to be one of the greatest carbonate camps in the Rockies. Your correspondent has seen more indications of rich silver ore here than at any other place in any of the many mining camps he ever was in. Many mining men from Butte have visited the Gulch this summer and all went away well pleased with the camp and with a desire to return soon. Messrs. Holter, Hauser and Bailey are ex pected here 6<xm and we think soon the toilers in the camp will hear the stamp dropping on good gold ores that will, with the rich silver and placer mines, make Emigrant Gulch a star in the crown of Montana. A Sojer. How It Was Discovered. Joseph Nimmo Jr., chief of the bureau of statistics, is responsible for the follow ing account of the discovery of the value of the northwestern plains as a stock growing area: "Early in December, 1864, a government trader, with a wagon train of supplies drawn by oxen, was on his way to Camp Deuglas, in the Territory of Utah; bat on being overtaken on the Lara mie plains by an unusually severe snow storm, he was compelled at once to go into winter quarters. He turned his cattle adrift expecting, as a matter of course, they w ould soon perish from exposure and starvation. But they remained about the camp, and, as the snow was blown off the highlands, the dried grass afforded them an abundance of forage. When the spring opened they were found to be in even bet ter condition than when turned out to die four months previously." Saddest of AIL "Let kerchief to the eyelid speak, The eyelid to the tear, Let sad drops streak it down each cheek, Misfortune sore is here; Wail, New York's sons, from Montauk's rocks To fair Chautaqua's loam, Platt Carpenter's not only bounced, Alas, he's coming home!" —Elmira (N. Y.) Advertiser. Uintah county, Wyoming (adjoining Gallatin county, Montana) has an assess ed valuation of $2,800,000. She has 61, 500 sheep, 18,441 neat cattle, 2,735 horses and 177mules andasses. The popula tion comprises 1,202 persons above the ago of 2fy*art. A DEVASTATING FIRE. Nearly Whole Block of the Town Burned. On Tuesday moi ning about 4:30 o'clock C. H. Mohr, who was sleeping in his sa loon on the cast side of lower Main street, discovered that the building was on fire in the back part and in a few* seconds the whole interior of the saloon was a mass of flames. In getting out to give the alarm Mr. Mohr had his hair and one of his ears scorched and a man named Cook who was also sleeping in the building had his hair singed. The alarm was not sounded very vigorously and by the time a crowd had gathered Curran & Lenihan's building ad joining Mohr's on the corner of Main and Lewis streets and Mrs. Zimmerman's building adjoining Mohr's on the other side were a prey to the flames. By great exertions Curran & Lenihan saved almost their entire stock of groceries and provis ions. Mrs. Zimmerman, the tailoress, was not so fortunate. She saved her sewing machine and lier stove in a damaged con dition; her children escaped only half clad. The attention of those of the spec tators who went to work immediately up on their arrival was first directed to pre venting the spread of the fire across street from Curran & Lenihan's building to the Bingham building in the next block. Blankets were obtained from Thompson Bros, and suspended from the roof, and these and the exposed portion cf the building were kept thoroughly wet by wa ter poured from above and from a hose at tachcd to a pump in the back yard. The air was perfectly still and so remained, by great fortune, while the fire was burning. The slightest breeze would have entailed incalculably greater loss. The fire burned slowly, tho flames rose straight into the air and the work of saviqg property was ren dered comparatively easy. The Bingham building was saved and the same tactics which proved its salvation were adopted for the protection of property on the west side of Main street opposite the spreading fire and with equal success. The fronts of some of those buildings were scorched almost black but by the most vigorous efforts they were kept from burniug. The contents of all the buildings in the burned district below Mrs. Zimmerman's were saved though in an unavoidably damaged condition from the hasty removal. Water was scarce and tho appliances for utilizing it so primitive that nothing could be done in the way of extinguishing the flames. Much might have been done to save prop erty by tearing down buildings but there was no organization to take the lead in this work, no suitable implements to work with and even the advisability of doing something of the kind did not seem to impress itself upon the minds of the crowd that idly watched the progress of the slowly advancing flames. Had the two small and flimsily constructed build ings next below' the Metropolitan hotel been torn down and the debris dragged away the flames would have stopped just there. This fact penetrated the under standing of two or three of the active workers when the flames had almost reached them. Even then the necessary work might have been accomplished if enough willing hands had taken part. An attempt was made to blow them up with giant powder but the only perceptible re suit was the shattering of glass across the street. In a few minutes they were on fire. By that time enough interest had been roused to do some good. Work was transferred to the two small buildings be tween the Davis and the Stillman build ings. A long stout rope was hitched to the logs of which one of them was built and it was soon razed to the ground. The same was done with the Dennis building adjoiuing and a sufficient gap was created to stop the progress of the fire. Ed. Still man's building was slightly damaged by tearing down its neighbor but did not catch fire. None of the buildings back of the lots fronting on Main street were burned; several of them were in danger at times but were saved by good work. The greater number of the buildings burned were among the first erected in the new portion of the town when the removal of business from Clark City began. The Kicher building owned by Frank Clark, J. F. Mann's store, the Carr building and the Metropolitan hotel owned by D. J. Kennelly were two stories high. Curran & Lenihan's, C. H. Mohr's and Smith Da vis' buildings were also good structures. The others were not very valuable. The total number of burned buildings, large and small, was sixteen and the total loss, including damage to stock removed, will reach fully $20,000. The following is a statement of losses and insurance : Loss. Insurance. Curran & Lenihan... ...$2,000 $2,000 C. H. Mohr........ 500 Mrs. Zimmerman ... ... 1.250 — J. F. Mann........ ... 1,500 — Frank Clark....... ... 2,000 — B. J. Carr......... ... 1,500 — D. J. Kennelly..... ... 2,000 950 J. H. Mcllvane..... ... 800 — Belvidere building.. ... 500 — I. Orschel & Bro ... ... 1,500 — Smith Davis....... ... 1,500 — Log building...... ... 300 — L. E. Dennis....... ... 500 - $17,850 $3,450 Beridfr the above Burt Marsh, Jöhn Kicher and other occupants of rented buildings were sufferers by the removal of their goods. The insurance was distributed as follows : ceperley & ayrault's agency. $500 in the Home of New York and $500 in the Liverpool & London & Globe on Curran & Lenihan's stock ; $500 in the Commercial of California on C. II.Mohrs building; $500 in the Scottish Union & National and $500 in the Home of New York on Smith Davis' building; $500 on Ed. Stillman's building which was slight ly damaged. SAVAGE & ELDER'S AGENCY. $350 in the South British & National on D. J. Kennelly'» furniture in the Metro politan building, which was mostly saved e. j. ciiambeklin's agency. $500 in the North America anil $500 in the Pennsylvania on Curran & Leni han's building and stock: $600 on D. J. Kennedy's building. NOTES. The fire is supposed to have originated from the explosion of a lamp in Mohr's saloon. The paper and cotton lining of the rear rooms burned like powder. A carload of flour for Curran & Lenihan had arrived the afternoon previous. Had it been in the store it would have been a total loss. Charley Mohr lost the entire contents of his building. He is a heavy sufferer by the disaster. Ou Wednesday Rev. Alfred Brown cir culated a subscription paper and raised a very tidy sum to enable Mrs. Zimmerman to resume work. Ed. Stillman behaved very handsomely in serving refreshments to the boys after the fire was over. Some of the boys who partook heartily of the refreshments be haved very amusingly if not very hand somely. The rate of twelve per cent, caused the majority of property owners in the burned district to carry their own risks. Cut Hay. There is an immense natural hay crop in Gallatin county this year and we advise the cutting of every avail able ton of it. Ilay is a staple in this country and it will find a ready sale at good prices this year. The following from the Yellowstone Journal explains the situation: The grasshoppers are now doing incalculable damage to the grass in all sections of this county. A prominent and conservative stockman who arrived in town yesterday from a ride over the range says, that they are very numerous. In many portions of the county the grass is eaten clean off and the ground dusty. But few cattle ranges have escaped the ravages of these pests. It is now getting to be a serious matter with most of the stock men, and they are all figuring to see how they can abate the devastations. Our informant said further that there would not be enough hay put up this winter to feed the necessary number of stock horses needed to work the ranges this winter. In many places where an attempt is made to get hay, a mower and rake will work all day long, and then not cut enough to fill an ordinary two-horse wagon, which picks it up to haul away. .Should the grasshoppers continue the destruction of the grass there will be but little on the range to bring the cattle through the winter. This is quite a bad outlook, but the facts are not exaggerated in the least. A Wyoming Ghost Story. Lander (Wyo.) correspondence of the Salt Lake Tribune: Fort Washakie and the Shoshone Agency are much exercis ed over a ghost. The excitement has communicated itself to Lander, and several of our people have been over to see the spook, and all say that it is there and no mistake. Its nightly stamping ground is at the Hot Springs and it comes in the shape of an Indian of gi gantic stature, sometimes mounted on a horse worthy of its rider and some times on foot, but generally the former. It has been seen by a great many per sons, both white and red, and the inva riable story is that when approached it sinks into the earth. The soldier who is on constant night duty at the Springs fired at it recently three times point blank range. The mighty specter sat its horse until the shooting was over and then calmly sank into its quarters under ground. The most soul affright ing noises accompany and sometimes precede and follow its appearance. The Indians are in an extraordinary state of alarm over the affair and keep their teepees closely after nightfall. They explain this by saying that before the white man made this valley his home a party of fifty Cheyenne, Arrapahoe and Sioux warriors surrounded and killed to a man a band of fifteen Shoshone braves near the Hot Springs. For many win ters and summers thereafter gigantic horses and riders traversed nightly the space between the scene of the slaught er and the springs, uttering the most dismal cries. When the white man claimed the valley the spirits ceased their uneasy rides and their coming again at the time when the reservation has within its limits as visitors the Sioux who in conjunction with the Ar raphoes and Cheyennes did the killing, is looked upon as a most gloomy portent from the land of spirits. John Cummings, a cow-boy with Gran ville Stuart, stole a horse from his employ er and started to leave the country.