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, -i, jVjtjp LIVINGSTON, - MONTANA WRIGHT à HENDRY, - Publishers. SATURDAY. SEPTEMBER 5, 1885. Entered at the postoffice in Livingston, M.T. is second-class mail matter. Private Secretary Lament says the story of the rupture in the friendly re lations between President Cleveland and Mr. Tilden is false, absurd and without foundation. About twenty public men of Canada have had the order of knighthood con ferred upon them. The honor is getting almost as common as the title of Col onel in Missouri. The Alaska Commercial Company's payment of £255,000 yearly to the gov ernment is about three and one-half per cent interest on the purchase money of that possession —more than is paid on a part of our national debt. The Anaconda Gazette nominates Hon. AY. A. Clark of Butte as the first representative in Congress of the State of Montana. Such indefinitely early nominations are not wise, beside we sus pect that such congressional aspirations as Mr. Clark may have are directed the senate, a seat in which body his friends would like to see him occupy We have received circulars of infor. rnation relating to the North, Central and South American Exposition which is to be held in New Orleans during the coming winter as the successor of the Cotton Centennial Exposition. If carried out according to the plans it will sur pass the international fair of last winter; its design has a tendency to strengthen the national bonds that should unite all American nations in a great Continen tial Zollverein. More than forty steamers leave the harbors of Buenos Ayres for foreign ports laden with the products of the river Platte, the largest component of which is the political division known as the Argentine Republic. There are, also^ every month, hundreds of sailing vessels departing from the same city having cargoes almost wholly destined to European ports. Not one of those steamers flies the flag of our country, and only one-fifth of the sailing vessels are American bottoms. President Cleveland will not get back to AVashington before the middle of the month. Away up in the Adirondacks, a day's journey from any permanent human habitation, sleeping on the floor in a log cabin, eating his bread and ven ison and fish and drinking his coffee from a slab set on four stakes in the open air, in his shirt sleeves with his oldest pants tucked inside his boot legs > apollinaris w ater his only beverage, w r ith two friends and a guide or two, our president is enjoying his holiday and laying up a store of vitality and health to carry him through a year of the hard est work. A report from AVashington says that number of army officers whose chief tperiencein military duty consists in ixuriating around eastern cities and rawing their pay and whom Secretary ndicott's recent order will send to their ■giments, say they will resign rather îan comply w r ith the order. That is ice talk for a military officer. Such ten might be expected to resign rather îan take the field in time of war. It is ot probable that any convulsion would rertake this country in the improbable rent that they carried out their dire treat. If they are only carpet knights is about time the truth were known. The census of Dakota just completed ows a population of 263,405 for the uth half and 152,1119 for the north, or 5,664, for the w r hole territory. In 1880 e total population was 135,177 and the crease has therefore been 207 per cent, îe increase in the number of farmers ice 1880 has been 317 per cent id in manufactories 320 per cent, tie territory has over 28 towns ith over 1000 inhabitants. Thelarg t towns are Sioux Falls with 7,205 sidents and Fargo with 8,201; Bis arck, the capital, has only 3,627—not far behind its ambitious rival, Man n, which has 2,263. It is a burning ame that Dakota is not admitted as a Nation: A Texan lawyer produced a court of that state the other day a tition addressed to the county judge, ;ned by a large number of the most ipectable and intelligent people of the ice, asking that a leading and greatly ;eemed citizen should be summarily nged. \Ve need hardly say that not e of the signers knew what he was ;ning. The petition w as got up and oduced by way of illustrating the irthlessness of most American testi mials to character and fitness—a phe menon to w'hich President Cleveland's lent letter is just now calling a good il of attention. The national good ture, combined with a very feeble ise of responsibility for the goodness the government, is at the bottom of 3 trouble. The number of persons io cannot bear to refuse a man any ing except money is very large. The mber of those w ho agree with George [., that "a man is fit for any office he l get" is still larger. Hon. James Fergus, late president of the Pioneer Society, in making an ad dress upon his retirement from that of fice, took a short spin on his favorite hobby, infidelity. AVhenever Mr. Fer gus appears in public it is safe to bet that his hobby is with him and that he will bestride it w T ith or without an op portunity before retiring into private life. The many to whom orthodoxy has been an oppression are now equally bored and annoyed by the preachimr of heterod >xv. It •me be no great pleasure to have arrived at period non-belief in revealed religion if the non-believer is weighed dow n with an itching to corner up his fellow beings where they cannot escape and fire broadsides of infidelity at them. Free religious thought has distinct meaning in our mind—the right to for every man, woman and child think as he may please without the dominating influence of priestcraft and it is doubtful if the priests of infi delity are any improvement upon the other kind. Hon. Mr. Fergus is verging upon the sere and yellow' leaf vulgarly called dotage and it might be well for some friend who enjoys his confidence to tell him that the public dislikes to worried in season and out of season by his atheistic importunities Some of our territorial contempora ries in discussing the proposition of the Bismarck penitentiary authorities to board Montana's surplus convicts at a reduction from their present cost are opposing the plan on the assumption that it is a scheme to fill the Bismarck penitentiary and ask the U. S. authori ties to enlarge that building. The pris on at Bismarck was built by the terri tory on an appropriation made the year when the legislature located public buildings at every prosperous town in Dakota. All the same the Enterprise opposes the scheme. AVe hope Montana has not yet reached the ebb where she is forced to call upon sister territories to help her out—not just yet. Speaking of that Bismarck prison, w r e w T onder how Montana would feel if the next legislat ure should get together and make ap propriations for a university at Deer Lodge and another at Glendive; an in sane asylum at Livingston and another at Missoula; a penitentiary at Billings and another at Dillon; a college of agri culture at Bozeman, a school of mines at Butte, a state normal school at Vir ginia City, a school of navigation at Fort Benton and a training establish ment for aspiring stockgrowers at Miles City; and to add a finishing touch should appoint a commission empowered to lo cate a capital and pledged to locate it at Helena. That is about the way they did in Dakota. AVhen we consider that memorable assembly of sages from the land of the Dakotas we feel as if there w'ere depths which Montana's latest legislature did not think of attempting to fathom. The announcement is made that Ben Butler, the professional agitator and persistent poser for public notice, is about to sue the government of the United States in the person of President Cleveland on behalf of the lessees of the Indian lands which have been ordered to be vacated. He says (or rather he put the words in the mouths of bis friends) that he is himself interested in the leases beside representing millions of money invested by his clients. He further says that the lands will not be vacated except at the end of a long pe riod of litigation. Old Ben is a bluffer of the most pronounced description and has frequently made his policy win. He is also a fraud of the most despicable stripe; his life has been an alternation or a combination of corruption for the benefit of his private purse and of dra matic appearances to win public fame. This last move is one of the combina tions of his two ruling passions. He and his clients want to instigate litiga tion that will delay the removal of their cattle; the history of great American lawsuits is sufficiently notorious to war rant the belief that if the cattle were left in the Indian territory until the courts gave the inevitable decree that they must go, a half dozen generations of beeves would be fattened on the leased grass. Old Ben is also anxious to keep himself before the people, and hence his move to sue the president and tell the newspapers all about it. But if we mistake not the order to move those cattle means business and w'ill be en forced, Ben Butler to the contrary not withstanding. Bismarck's well-defined German colo nization policy has brought forth two or three important developments during a few days past. The Caroline Islands or Micronesian Archipelago are a group of almost innumerable islets situated in the eastern Pacific Ocean near New Guniea. They are of coral forma tion and many of them are surrounded by coral reefs. The population is a mix ture of Papuan negroes and Malays numbering probably 200,000 and not long ago they were addicted to canni balism with a pronounced choice for white missionaries. The Spaniards have long claimed the Carolines but have done nothing to assert supremacy. There are very few white colonists. A few weeks ago the Spanish govern ment gave notice of its intention to take possession of these islands but before the plan could be effected a German naval force had landed upon the principal islands and offered to repel all intruders. About all that Spain oould do was to retire. About the same time a German protectorate was established over a portion of the coast of Zanzibar in Africa, the sultan of that country not objecting for the very fair reason that a battery of German artillery was pointed in the direction of his palace. A rumor is also circulated that it is Bismarck's intention to take possession of Cuba, but in this an American reverence for the Monroe doctrine may prove a barrier. Germany hardly ready for a war with the _ nited States yet; she can bluff Spain but America will not permit it at present. the proprietorship of Cuba should be transferred it would not be to another European powder without a forcible protest. ___________ A Physiognomic Paule. Spokane Falls Review : When you size up a Ghinaman's honesty by the breadth of his chüd-Iike smile you getieft. According to statistics collected by the laitbnor; Sun, out of 3.377 murders committed last year iu tin- United Slates, the perpetrators were punished with death jn only 313 cases, and 210 of these perished by lynch law. Only one murder in 33, therefore, is hung according to law in this great country, and one in about 15 by irregular methods. Ten out of eleven escaped the gallows altogether. Lynching is a sure and safe method, at any rate. AVhere it is practiced justice does not miscarry. Alluding to his Yellowstone Park excursion of 1883 a newspaper writer reports the following language from Rufus Hatch: "I had railroad passes for every mother's son of my company, yet that picnic cost me .$35,000 in cash. I didn't ask the boys to spend a penny, and you can gamble that none of 'em pressed me to allow them to. Besides, while I was gone, I got on the wrong side of the market, and went hopelessly lame before I got back. I lost 8460,000 on that trip." Only Circus and Menagerie TO BE HERE THIS YEAR. LIVINGSTON, FRIDAY, .18 JOHN R0BIKS0FS 50 CAGE MENAGERIE 50 3 CIRCUSES ft AND < RINGS ! Ü And Enormous Elevated Stage. 10-BIG SHOWS COMBINED—10 ..*x. > B $2,000,000 toesteä in flus Enter]« ! $300,000 Novelty Street Parade, $100,000 expended in New Features, 1,000 Men and Horses employed, 50 Cases of Rare and Costly Wild Animals, IS Sun-Bright Colossal Chariots ! TUILA FAMILY! of T nicvcle Riders and Skaters on Stilts! ZEXO BIA, hurled 300 feet by the Catapult! ZOLA, ON HER VELOCIPEDE, 60 feet in Mid-Air; ELLA ZOLA, walking on Stilts on a three-quar ter inch wire, 60 feet above the heads of 10,000 people; ADIA dives 100 feet to the ground below; ZELA shot from the Cannon! GRACE, THE TATTOOED WOMAN! Giant Horse, 31 hands high; Giant Ox, larger than an Elephant; Giant Camel, 19 hands high; Unicorn, with 3 separate eyes and 3 dis tinct horns: $40,000 double-horned lîliiTHicftrns ! X. $30,000 FLOCK OF OSTRICHES $19,000 White Nile Hippopotamus; $5,000 Pair of W'hlte Bears: $5.000 Pair of Royal Bengal Tigers; $5,000 Dan of Performing Lyons: Leopards and Hyenas : $5,000 Flock of Kangaroos ! 110 Male and Female Artists ! And Mere Animals, Features and Novelties than any Two Shows Combined! Cheap ExeurSions on all Railroads. -ALSO EXHIBIT Helena, Sept. 16. Bozeman, Sept. 17. Billings, Sept. Id Admission, - - $1.00. TW T 0 PERFORMANCES. ESTABLISHED 1867. Diamond Jo Line STEAMERS. UPPER MISSISSIPPI PACKET LINE This company dispatches each week three of their elegant passenger packets FROM ST. F'ALJ! _ for Red Wing, Winona, LaCrosse, McGregor, Du buque, Davenport, Rock Island, Burlington, Keokuk, Quincy, Hannibal, Louisiana, Clarksville, Alton and ST. LOUIS, connecting at St. Louis with steamers of "Anchor Line" for Memphis, Vicksburg, Helena and New Orleans. The Favorite Route, South, East, West. Less heat and no dust, smoke or cinders to annoy. Our FIRST - CLASS RATES INCLUDE Meals and berth on steamer, therefora, no extra expense for sleeping car and meals. Rates as low ana in some cases lower than via any rail line. Via this route yon view to best advantage the famed scenery of the Mississippi River, passing through Lake Pepin and the noted Government canal and locks at the Des Moines Rapids. Through Tickets can be procured in St. Paul office via river and rail to principal interior rail points. Freight rates at all times lower than via any rail line. A. G. LONG, Agent, St. Paul, Dock opposite Union Depot. JO REYNOLDS, Pres. FRED A BILL, G. P. A. E. M. DICKEY. Snpt. and G. F. A. |y General Offi ce, D nbuque, Iowa. C. 8. HEFFERLIN, Agfcnt, Livingston. ! of ! J. H. HARVAT & CO., MEAT MARKET! * v -i/ïâüæ - ■ UUv * W'holesale and Retail Dealers in All Kinds of Fresh Meats at the Lowest Prices SPECIALTIES : Sausage Cut by Steam Power. Choice Kettle - Rendered Lard. JOHN H. HARVAT & CO,, Main Street, Livingston, M. T. PARLOR RESTAURANT! B. C. ROGERS, Proprietor, Main Street, - - Livingston, M.T. The neatest and best place to get a meal in Livingston. The table is supplied with every delicacy of the season, all cooked in the best style. BOARD, $6 PER WEEK. Meals, 25 to 75 cts. Families supplied with Ice Cream by the quart or gallon. M- EE. BOUGHTON, Wholesale Dealer in Pure Kentucky Whiskies ! AND BEST BRANDS OF CIGARS, Both Imported and Domestic. TOURIST'S TRADE ESPECIALLY SOLICITED. GARDINER, MONTANA. Sebree, Ferris & White Co. — DEALERS IN HARDWARE! Iron, Steel, Nails, Rope, &c. Blacksmith's and Miner's Outfits, Tents, Wagon Covers, &c. Building Material, Binder Twine, Road Scrapers, Pumps, &c. at Prices that Cannot be Beaten in the Territory. — AND ALL KINDS OF — Agricultural Implements, MOLINE AND OLIVER CHILLED PLOWS ! NORWAY STEEL TOOTH AND SPRING TOOTH HARROWS ! GRAIN DRILLS AND SEEDERS, CHAMPION MOWERS AND CORD BINDERS, Tiger and Hollingsworth HAY RAKES I BAIN WAGONS! Racine Spring Wagons, Buggies, &c. —ALSO A FULL LINE OF— Wagon WoodSto ck, Wagon & Machine Extras, &c. ORDERS BY MAIL RECEIVE PROMPT ATTENTION. SEBREE, FERRIS & WHITE CO. PARK STREET, LIVINGSTON, MONTANA C. H. Carver & Co.'s Column of Facts and Figure«. ! G. H. CARVER & CO.'S MEDICINE TALK. F On the first of August we began selling goods at greatly reduced rates, but strictly for cash. The result has been very flattering as our sales have steadily in. creased, notwithstanding some croakers have said that it was impossible to do busi ness on a casli basis, on account of the closeness of money, but we notice that when the people are offered extra inducements in the way of good goods at unprecedent ed low prices they will manage to rustle the monej-, in order to take advantage of a good bargain. It is amusing to watch the opposition squirm, and to note some of die tricks they will resort to in order to squeeze out of the tight place our low quotations have forced them into. For example, we quote prime long, clear bacon at 10 cents per pound and to get around this some of the little dealers will take their customer into a little dug-out which thej- .siyle a cellar to show their bacon. The cute little dealer will have one side of bacon which he has sifted a little dirt onto (easily brushed off), and will speak his little piece as follows in answer to the customer's assertion that "Carver & Co. are selling bacon at 10 cents per pound :" "Well, if you want 10 cent bacon I have it,"—pointing to the dirty side—"but this bacon"— referring to the clean pile—"cannot be sold at less than 12*^ cents. Of course you can take your choice, but I prefer to sell you the best, as 1 only ship the other in to meet the 10 cent price." Well, friends, the cute little dealer is simply dealing out lies to you at 2}£ cents per pound and is systematically robbing you by a mean subterfuge, as bis bacon u all alike and all came out of the same case. How long will the people of this lo cality be duped by the penny-ante dodges of these Jim Crow dealers. G. H. CARVER & CO.'S ADVERTISEMENT. We want the people of this locality to understand—1st, that we have the LARG EST STOCK of GENERAL MERCHANDISE ever shown in this town. Our MAMMOTH BRICK STORE, containing three floors 25xS0 feet each, being packed fro .11 Basement floor up with a choice select ed stock of Standard goods, consisting of STAPLE AND FANCY 6R0CERIES, Dry Goods, Boots & Shoes, Ladies' and Gent's Furnishings, READY-MADE CLOTHING, &c. in endless variety, 2nd, That we are selling the above stock at at Bed Rock prices for cash. 3rd, That we have, for the past three years, done four fifths of the business in town and mean to do nine-tenths in the future. GROCERIES we are selling at prices which makes the opposition fairly howl, and wipe the clammy perspiration from their brows which ache with agony as they cudgel their brains, trying; to think how they shall hold out a few weeks longer under, the fearful strain we are putting onto them by selling— a Bacon, long clear, per pound, at 10 cts. Soap, White Russian, at 16 bars for $1. Tomatoes, 3 pound cans, per case $3.20 Coffee, Arbuckle, at 6 pounds for $1.00-tt Salt, per barrel,...................4.201 Flour, Belle of Jamestown, ^ sack. 3.3.V* And all staples in proportion, which we warrant to be Standard A No. 1 goods DRY GOODS AT CHICAGO PRICES. Clothing at $7.00 Per Suit and Upwards : also Downwards. NAILS:—5 Per Cent under any Dealer in Town. * ffp Giant Powder, Caps and Fuse, Tea of our own Importation, Ac., Ac. Come and see us. We have the goods and want yoUU money hut will keep you smiling while here and one-haliffl way home, as you think of the great bargains you have PI struck at Carver & Co.'s. How do we accomplish all thes% wonders? Easily enough,—by a simple turn of the wrist-Sj which takes in the cash as fast as the goods go out. Yes-1 we do it with our little cash system. i Yours for Business, Gr. H. Carver & Co.